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bdn  8nnl«a<nt  to  llM  NotM  ud  QuriMh  wtth  No.  IH 'olr  ti,  18r«. 



iWedium  of  Sntercommunicatfoit 




"When  found,  maie  a: -aote'tiff— t'AFPAiir  Cuttle. 

•  ::• :    •'v 

c        »  *  ..,"*< 

«     •>      •• 

January — ^June   1876. 





A/7  * 


*.    **•   »  i    •••  *  *  •      • 

•   •     •  •  ^*    **     • 

I  «     *    «       . 

•  *       *    I     m 

■-  *  p      * 

t      •           « 

•  •« 

1.   *  *       < 

»  •  p  *        < 

1  ••• 

•  *• 

•   p      *♦•<*,• 

S*&  V.  }ui.l,7ll.] 


Loxs)o.%\  sATntDxr,  JxyrARn.  lere. 

CONTENTS.  — 5»  106. 

KOTES  :-Xew  Ye«*i  JHj.  a  i>.  1770»  1— The  Honac  of  Stanlej 

ud  th«  L^pnd  of  tbc  Bvgle  and  CMld,  2— Tbc  Wlso  Woman 

ol  Wiftj.  *— 'OiTKOf:  "Oriacni"— Autolychna,  5— Ch»rl« 

~  "  Snppretcd  Prince"— A NottinitbwiBihiw 

Htm  T«r^  E?e  Ctiatom— CromwcJrJi  W&itniieii'*  ilkdni,  Q 

of  Amanm« 

1  of  dt,  PiAl'a— Earope&Q  iRnonoce 
SBuad  la  rog»— Th«  TtOa  '*  Jt«verend,"  7, 

QimiBI :— Tb«  MetTicftl  PmIioc^  7— An  Old  Plctii7e--Arobt- 
iKtaiml  IiMUtat*  of  Sootl&Qd— "  Aoth  tive  llo»blt«i«"— 
Briilol  QM^liednJ  Llbruy^"  '  AUorDey,'  oca  who  In  piH," 
At.-&  Lalfta  of  OUerton— Barns -Biibop  Pococko's  Visit  to 
looa.  8- "The  Pteicflt  8Ule  of  LootJon "— Beresby— Mr*. 
uUtU  T»ot-"  Brood  Church  "—London  Britlge— FlckHa 
ADd  BerD«y  FsmlUe*— ^  E.  UArvcy^HvTftiaic-An  Old 
Csrol— "  A  ToochttoDe  for  Gold  an^l  SilTer  Wftre*,"  *c.— At- 
plnvsll— ThomM  Clvlu,  t>— "Sorlom :  a  Pity  by  the  E.  of 
B./  ^c.  10. 

MBFLIEflt-PbllolQ^al,   10 -Robert   Pii«glove.    11 -The 
Sqetily  of  FVieDd»— Sweaiins  on  the  Moron  at  Hlghgabe— 
"  '  12-Dr.  Johnson  and  the  Ford  and  Hidk- 

IS— Poet*  the  Mulen  of  Langnae»— AnbeUi 
14— *' Caipet  knijht "— **  The  Bcottlsb  Honie  of 
*»  Syetero  of  Oonsanguliiiiy- "  Braagle"— 
Ra&d«.  Ifi— Ckldea-Sir  Uobert  Ker  Porter— "The 
BMory  of  Uviog  Men,"  &-r.— Archdeaeoni'  Seale- Episcopal 
A^ttnitm  at  ConilrtaatJoo  —  AnoleiJt  Irltb  Croiaet,  10— 
fHilke  C^k  of  Tothatn.  Ksmx- Claude  Amyand— Le  N«v«'» 
-flMd*'— fleraldlc-'Ha»>.  17-"  Teetotal"- WiHUm.  third 
Zm  of  Pembroke,  of  the  tierbert  FkniUy,  IS. 

Vote  oo  Booka,  ^, 

NEW  YEARS  DAY,  A.D.  \77ii. 
On  New  Year's  Day,  a  hundred  years  ago,  Eng- 
1     '  '        -sed  or  elated  (according  to  politicid 

cct  of  atlkirs  in  Amerie:i.    London 

V  u  .  ,»'t  lu  opinion  on  the  question  of  "the 
PrMv^n  l.ih  "  and  the  mother-country;  and  was 
.1-  in  v\<:iive  hut  ineffectual  agitation  to  save  the 
unn-V*rother9  Perremi  from  being  handed  for 
r.  1   ,  rv      While    George    III.  wna   donning  his 

ired   suit,  hia  three  eldest  sons  were 

.   on  their    tiny  dress  aworda,   and    the 

<,nit  en  and  two  of  her  daughters  were  in  the  hands 

of  tljfrir  tire- wouien— all  in  preparation  for  hearing 

the  ''Ode  for  the  New  Year"  in   the   Couucu 

V  "liuLnber  at  St.  James's. 

This  ciuloni  of  singing  an  ode  hy  the  Laurente 

WM  lime-honoured,  and  ceremoniously   observed 

1st  of  Jiinuaiy  and  on  luich  recurring 

I  dfiy ;  "  ode!iV\*^'>id  Gibboti,  with  bis 

:     .1  n^  !r.  sense,  "which  .«;till  ndom  of 

y'A  of  our  British  kings,"  These 

m  very  *'^  tolerable,  iind  not  to 

^  to  a  music  wliich  often  cor- 

y  with  the  words.     On  New 

>\'hitebead  was  the  Laurente. 

i.  r  in  1757,  and  was  followed 

n   :iip  otJi*:e    by  Thomas  Warton  in  1785.     The 

'-jiji[io-*er  of  the  muaic  was  Dr,  Boyce,  a  true  artist, 

who  »tood,  and  sUmda,  his  ground  well  in  the 

estimation  of  competent  judges.  Whitehead  was 
the  son  of  a  Cambridge  baker ;  after  being  afij 
Winchesters  he  entered  at  Gumbridgej  througl 
the  benevolence  of  another  baker  of  that  town,  one^ 
Thomas  Pyke,  who  had  founded  a  scholarship  ox 
two  at  Clare  Hnll.  Whitehead  was  admitted  as  %.] 
Bizaff  his  claim  being  recognised  a^  the  ot^han  aomj 
of  a  man  who  was  of  the  same  trade  as  the  founds 
of  the  scholarships.  What  'WTiitehead  wrote  beforftl 
and  after  the  first  day  in  1776,  when  he  and  Bojce 
stood  together  in  the  Council  Chamber,  may  be 
read  elsewhere.  Nearly  all  is  now  wrapt  in  an 
oblirion  which  would  have  delighted  the  Laureate's 
enemies  ;  but  not  all  desent'es  to  be  so  forgotten. 
Whitehead,  indeed,  was  savagely  snubbed  by 
Johnson,  but  he  enjoyed  the  approbation  of  Gray  ; 
Campbell  thought  the  Ilys,-4U8  of  ^V^litebead's 
Vreum  exhibited  finer  feeling  than  the  Ion  of 
Euripides  ;  and  Coleridge  held  his  Oiargt  to  the 
PmU  (which  stirred  Churchill's  bullying  Muse)  at!! 
the  most  interesting  of  his  works.  Whitehead  has 
been  called,  in  some  things,  a  feeble  imitator  of 
Pope  ;  it  would  be  more  correct  to  say  that  he 
was,  at  times,  a  splendid  imitator  of  Young. 

At  the  aide  of  the  Cambridge  baker**  eon,  in  full 
cijurt  dress,  stood  Dr.  Boyce,  the  son  of  a  Londoa< 
cabinet-maker.    Boyce  was  now  organist  and  com-j 
poser  in  the  Chapel  Royal     Only  those  who  nv%\ 
ijnterested  in  the  history  of  music  know,  or  perhai)! 
would  care  to  know,  how  great  and  various  are  the 
claims  which  Dr.  Boyce  has  upon  the  gratitude  of 
at  least  those  whose  souls  lu-e  "moved  with  con- 
cord of  sweet  sounds,"    It  will  save  a  world  oi\ 
space  if  we  bricHy  say  of  these  two  humbly  boraj 
men,  poet  ami  iimsician,  that  they  were  thorougki 
gtnlhmfn^—thc  word  embraces  every  fine  quality' 
and  stands  for  all. 

Now,  there  was  much  curiosity  afloat  as  to  the^ 
uttemncea  of  the  Poet  Laureate  at  this  critic 
juncture.  In  the  Birthday  Ode  (June,  1775J  hoj 
had  been  hani  put  to  it  for  subject  for  decent 
rejoicing.  Walpole  (in  August)  met  him  at  Nune-' 
hrtm  (Whitehead  was,  for  yeare,  a  domesticated 
friend  in  the  Jersey  family),  and  Horace  wrote  to 
Lady  Ossory,  *'  There  was  Mr.  Whitehead,  the 
Laureate,  too,  who  I  dmibt  will  be  a  little  pu/zled 
if  he  have  no  better  victory  than  the  last  against 
Cii'sar'a  next  birthday.  There  was  a  little  too 
much  of  the  i^erttre,  fuverilms  iriumphoA,  for  a 
complimentary  ode,  in  the  last  action."  But,  since" 
the  hirthday,'worse  incidents  hrid  occurred  than 
the  fcurrender  of  Ticonderogii  nnd  Crown  Point. 
The  insurrection  had  become  genend,  as  the  King's 
speech  intimated  ;  public  opinion  in  England  in  a 
great  degree  sj-mpathized  with  the  insurgents ;  but 
the  drop  of  comfort  in  the  goblet  of  sorrow  waa 
that  i^tucbec  bad  been  gallantly  saved  from  the 
attempt  to  surprise  it  by  Montgomery  and  Arnold. 
The  Laureate  made  the  best  of  a  very  bud  bua,\,w<i9A. 
He  ftnd  Boyce  separtiled  aa  \\v6  ^va?,  ^mx^  ^w«Jt 


[5«*  S.  V.  Jak.  1,  76. 

entered  the  Conncil  Chamber.    They  arrived  so 
early  that  veiy  few  of  the  nobility  who  had  been 
invited  were  present.    The  late  comers  were  shut 
out,  and  the  following  was  the  ode,  sung  to  Boyce's 
music,  at  St  James's,  a  hundred  years  ago  : — 
*'  Od  the  white  rocks  which  guard  her  coast, 
ObeerTant  of  the  parting  day, 
>\liose  orb  was  half  in  oceao  lost, 
Beclin'd  Britannia  lay ; 
While  o'er  the  wat'ry  waste 
A  pensire  look  the  cast, 
And  scarce  coald  check  the  rising  sigh, 
And  scarce  could  stop  the  tear  which  trembled  in  her  eye. 

'  Sheathe,  sheathe  the  sword  which  thirsts  for  blood/ 

She  cried,  '  deceived,  niistaken  men ; 
Nor  let  your  parent  o'er  the  flood 
Send  forth  her  yoice  in  vain. 
Alas  !  no  tyrant  she  ! 
She  courts  you  to  be  free ; 
SubmiesiTe,  hear  her  first  command, 
Nor  force  unwilling  yengeance  from  a  parent's  hand.' 

Hear  her,  ye  wise,  to  duty  true, 

And  teach  the  rest  to  feel. 
Nor  let  the  madness  of  a  few 

Distress  the  public  weal. 
So  shall  the  openmg  year  assume 
—Time's  fairest  child— a  happier  bloom ; 
The  light-wing'd  hours  shall  lightly  more. 

The  sun  with  added  lustre  shine  ;— 
'  To  err  is  human,'— let  us  prove 

*  Forgiveness  is  divine.' " 

When  the  King  and  his  family  appeared  in 
public,  after  the  performance  of  this  rather  lachiy- 
mose  ode,  they  were  received  with  loyal  cheers. 
New  Year's  Day  was  then  in  the  first  half  of  the 
London  season,  which  begnn  in  November  and 
ended  on  the  King's  birthday  in  June.  As 
George  III.  and  his  Queen  passed  much  of  that 
time  in  London,  there  was  much  ffidety  always 
afloat  at  Court  or  in  the  mansions  of  the  nobility 
and  gentry,  where  "  winter  in  London  *'  was  a  long 
and  joyous  one.  The  tradesmen  of  the  capitd 
profited  greatly.  What  money  there  was  circulated 
rapidly,  and  by  that  rapid  circulation  one  pound 
did  the  office  of  many  pounds.  But  all  this  did 
not  affect  the  freedom  of  expression  as  to  politics 
generally,  and  the  policy  of  the  Government 
towards  America  in  particular.  Nothing  can 
better  show  the  existence  of  such  freedom  tlmn  the 
publication  of  a  counter  ode  in  the  Morning 
ChronidCf  two  or  three  days  after  Whitehead's 
ode,  on  Britannia  with  grief  in  her  heart  and  a  tear 
in  her  eye,  had  been  sung  at  St.  James's.  It  was 
as  follows : — 

*'  On  the  green  banks  which  guard  her  strand, 

Regardful  of  the  rising  day. 
Whose  radiant  orb  illumed  her  land, 

America  reclining  lay. 
Far  o'er  the  boist'rous  main 
Her  aching  eyeballs  strain, 
Tet  she  disdain'd  to  heave  a  single  sig^, 
Or  drop  a  single  tear  from  her  eniag^  eye. 
'  Jn  vain,'  she  cried,  *  the  sword  ye  wield, 

Te  poor,  dflceiVd,  mistaken  men; 

Old  Freedom's  sons  disdain  to  yield. 
Though  they  have  sued  in  vain. 
In  truth  no  rebels  we. 
Who  live  but  to  be  free ; 
Who  ne'er  denied  your  mild  command. 
But  scom'd  to  sink  beneath  your  wrathful  hand. 
'  Learn  to  be  wise,  and  learn  to  know 

What  all  the  world  must  own— 
Your  blessings  from  our  blessing  flow. 
While  commerce  guards  the  throne. 
Learn  this,  and  let  each  future  year 
More  radiant  than  the  rest  appear; 
Let  Peace  and  Plenty  smile  again. 

And  let  fair  Freedom  shine  : 
Thine  was  the  fault,  Britannia,  then 
Be  reparation  thine  ! ' " 

In  the  following  July  the  Declaration  of  Inde- 
pendence came  Hke  thundering  echoes  of  this 
counter  ode.  In  1783  "Britannia"  recognized 
the  Independence  as  a  fact,  and  she  made  graceful 
reparation,  as  recommended  in  the  above  lines  of 
177C,  in  the  last  of  the  simply  eloquent  words 
addressed  by  the  King  in  reply  to  the  words 
uttered  by  Mr.  John  Adams,  when,  in  1784,  he 
was  presented  to  George  III.  as  the  firat  pleni- 
potentiary to  our  Court  from  the  United  States  of 
America.  Let  them  be  kept  in  nicmorj'  on  both 
sides  of  the  Atlantic  : — "  And,  sir,  as  I  was  the 
last  person  that  consented  to  the  independence  of 
the  United  States,  so  I  shall  be  the  last  person  to 
disturb  or  in  any  manner  to  infrinpje  upon  their 
sovereign  independent  rights  ;  and  I  hoi>e  and 
trust  that  from  blood,  religion,  manners,  habits  of 
intercourse,  and  almost  every  other  consideration, 
the  two  nations  will  continue  for  ages  in  friendship 
and  confidence  with  each  other."    Amen  ! 



Students  of  history  have  come  at  last  to  recog- 
nize the  supreme  importance  of  consulting  con- 
temporary documents,  where  such  exist.  Without 
this,  history  is  reduced  to  the  condition  of  an  idle 
romance,  or  a  vehicle  for  jxirty  prejudice.  I  pro- 
pose to  illustrate  this  principle  by  reference  to  a 
little  episode  of  English  history  bearing  upon  a 
family  illustrious  in  the  annals  of  our  peerage,  and 
never  more  so  than  at  the  present  time. 

The  Chetham  Society  have  recently  issued  a 
volume  of  Lancashire  Inquisitions  in  the  thirteenth 
and  fourteei\^h  centuries,  from  the  Towneley  and 
Dodsworth  Collections.  The  information  aifoided 
as  to  the  state  of  society  at  that  period  is  curious 
and  valuable.  The  documents  are  of  the  highest 
authority,  being  returns  to  writs  from  the  Crown 
on  evidence,  on  oath,  before  juries  or  commissions, 
in  respect  to  the  property  of  feoftces  of  the  Crown 
or  Duchy  of  Lancaster.  Several  of  them  refer  to 
the  family  of  Lathom,  and  the  Stanleys  their  suc- 
ceasora,  at  their  first  emergence  into  notice  in  the 
reign  of  Bichard  II. 

5*S>  Y.J  A5. 1,76-1 




The  rise  fit  the  Stanley  family  Kxa  a  lej^endfiry 
Lbstory  atUched  to  iL  Thin  is  fully  set  forth  in 
the  lli^onfc/thc  lioHJie  of^^tnnhtfj  hy  John  Sea- 
come,  1741,  The  ori^mil  legend  runs  aa  foHowa  : 
Sir  TbootA*  de  Lathom,  early  in  the  fourteenth 
centuT}',  ir*Ikmg  with  his  bdy,  who  was  childless, 
in  his  puk,  drew  near  to  u  desert  ;ind  wild  situa- 
tion, where  it  wss  commonly  reported  an  eagle 
buiJt  hsT  nest,  and,  upon  their  near  approach 
fbert-of.  h^ani  the  erle^  of  a  young  child,  which 
was  found  by  their  aervants  in  the  nest,  being  t\ 
nude  infant  dressed  in  rich  swiuldliu;:  clothes. 
'  *,-.--;.,„  u(j  male  issue,  looked  upon  this 
;  8ent  from  heaven.  Tlx^y  took 
riiti'ftion,  had  it  carefuUy  nursed, 
rhcirown  name.  The  child  be- 
,  and  at  hia  death  left  an  only 
daughter  iiiimed  laabel,  whom  Sir  John  Stanley 
JDnrried^  and^  in  memory  of  thifl  event,  took  the 
eac|e  and  child  for  hi»  cre.^t,  as  ^ince  used  by  his 
noole  Ruccessore  the  Earls  of  berby. 

The  legend,  a*  modified  by  Seacome,  commences 
with  Sir  Thoraai^  de  Ljithoni,  who  lived  in  the 
reign  of  Edward  III.  ;  that  he  and  his  lady  being 
hjl^dy  adviinced  in  years,  without  any  issue  bat 
008  d.i  lid    he    being  denirous   of    male 

i«ie,  1  ring  thereof  by  his  own  lady,  had 

m  lore  intn;/^!]*.  with  a  young  fjcntlewoman  of  his 
acqnaintance,  who  bore  him  a  son,  whereof  he  wjis 
g;rmtlT  rejoit  ed ;  but  the  diftii  ulty  arose  how  to 
introcCoce  this  younjLj  scion  witliout  inducing  do- 
intf^^tlr  ^nirp.  After  ieveral  M;hemen  and  proposal^ 
ti  >n  the  expedient  of  phicing  the  child, 

n  •  d^  in  the  vicinity  of  an  eagle's  nest, 

V  H  found  by  the  servants,  and  received 

1  .y  with  kindne'^3  and  affection.     The 

<)  it.iptized  by  the  name  of  O.nkatell  de 

L  Tnot hers  name  being  Mary  O^kritell. 

TLt  youth  did  not  ultimately  succeed  to  the  family 
wtiite*,  which  descended  to  Iwibellu,  La<iyde  Stan- 
ley  ;  but  he  was  fHirtioned  off  with  certain  manors 
at  IrhLra  and  Umiston,  near  Mnnche^ter,  and 
other  lands  in  <Jhe;-bire.  Sir  Thomas,  in  memory 
of  the  intnt,  U  st.ited  to  have  aiwumed  for  his 
crest  an  cajole  up'ii  winjj  repirrlant,  and  that  the 
Stanley?,  de-^piwin-^  0^k;tkdl  and  hin  prctenylon?*, 
tnfk  Mr...n   ilwni   i\\r  ('uglc  and  child  io  tokcn  of 

ver  form  be  adopted,  presents 
:  ;  »n  it«  face.  The  eagle  bearinp  a  shield, 
''•'-<'  I' li!  J  or,  on  a  chief  indented  az.  three  be- 
'  II  .  m  found  on  a  weal  of  the  father  of  the  Sir 
^ '  Mils  Io  whom  the  let^end  attributes  it.  The 
i«'j;cnd  iUiidf  is  ikS  old  oj?  the  time  of  King  Alfred, 
to  whom  a  simihr  incident  is  ascribeil. 

8«M»me  records  that  Sir  John  de  Stanley, 
*«a«il  *jn  of  8ir  Wra.  de  Stanley  of  Timperlev, 
tiihr,  -  •' ,  «7ih  or  28th  year  of  Kini^  Ed- 
^nl  J  },  nnd  that  ho  distinguished   him- 

•elf  a;  ....    .M^ile  of  Poictiera,  under  the  Blick 

Prince,  in  a.d,  1357.  This  was  very  remarkable, 
as,  according  to  the  chronolopy,  he  Wiis  then  three 
years  old  ! 

Ho  further  relates  timt  on  Sir  John's  return 
from  France  he  visited  most  of  the  Courts  of 
Europe,  where  his  superior  skill  in  arms  was 
generally  applauded  ;  that  on  his  arrival  in  Eng- 
land he  conquered  a  haughty  French  champion 
in  the  jousts  at  Wine-heater,  under  the  eyes  of  the 
Court,  among  whom  was  the  heiress  of  Lathom, 
young,  beautiful^  and  rich,  by  which  feat  he  won 
the  fair  lady  and  gained  her  inheritance. 

Ah  Lady  de  Stanley^  eldest  child  wa?  not  born 
until  thirty  years  :ifter  this  eitint,  the  atronj^  pro- 
bability is  that  ahe  was  not  then  in  existence  ; 
and  the  donghty  victor  himself  could  not  have 
been  more  than  six  years  old  ! 

Now  let  U¥5  see  what  light  is  thrown  on  the  sub- 
ject by  the  documents  to  which  I  have  called 
attention.  They  prove  «!emon»tratively  that  the 
story,  in  whieheTcr  form  it  ia  presented,  is  a 
fiction  from  beginning  to  end.  The  true  naira- 
tive  is  as  folio wb  : — 

Sir  Thoma.^  de  Lathom,  the  father  of  Lady  de 
Stanley,  so  far  from  being  cbildles!*,  or  having  only 
a  danphter,  had  five  children,  two  sons  and  three 
daughter?",  all  of  whom  attained  maturity.  His 
second  son,  Edward,  died  before  his  father,  leaving 
a  widow.  Sir  Thomaa  died  in  March,  1382.  Hia 
elder  son,  Thomas,  succeeded,  and  inherited  the 
entatCH,  which  he  only  enjoyed  a  year  and  a  htilf, 
dying  Nov.  3, 1383,  leaving  a  posthumous  dau;^'ht€r 
Elleno,  bom  three  months  after  her  frtther^s  de- 
ceajte.  At  her  death,  issue  in  the  male  line  having 
faileii,  Isabella,  the  eldest  daughter,  who  had  mar- 
ried Sir  John  de  Stanley,  Bucceeded,  in  ordinary 
eoiir^e,  to  the  property,  wliich  has  descended  to 
the  Stanleys,  Earls  of  Derby,  to  the  present  day. 

Lady  de  Stanley  sur^'ived  her  husband  a  few 
months,  dying  on' Oct.  26,  1414.  On  March  12 
previously,  she  bad  settled  the  estates  on  Henry 
de  Halsale,  Archdeacon  of  Chester,  and  Richard 
de  Stanley^  Parson  of  Walton  Church,  in  trust  for 
her  souj  the  second  John  de  Stanley,  then  aj^^ed 
twenty-eight  years.  The  Bi>eciiic  manner  in  which 
the  Inquiaitions  deal  with  the  property  of  Sir 
Thomsifl  de  Lathom  precludes  the  idea  of  any  sup- 
posed Oskatell  inheriting  or  even  existing. 

An  Inquisition,  8  Kichard  IL  (March  C,  1385), 
draws  a  lamentable  picture  of  domeBtic  life.  Poor 
Sir  Thonnaflj  so  far  from  being  the  "  galactuomo  " 
the  legend  represents,  was  himself  the  victim  of 
his  second  wife's  frailties.  The  document  states 
that  Johanna,  the  lady  in  question,  had  formed 
an  adulterous  connexion  with  Roger  de  Fazaker- 
legh,  and,  her  husbnnd  being  in  a  feeble  state  of 
heidth,  Khe  had  introduced  the  Raid  Roger  into 
the  hall  at  Knowsley,  **  in  magnum  dispectum 
dicti  Thome  tnarlti  sui,**  "et  jacuit  cum  Rogero 
de  FazJikerlegh  adultero  suo  apud  KiiG««s\fc^'vDt 


[Jtfc  S,  V.  Jan,  1,  76. 

alta  camera  in  lecto  predicti  Thome  mariti  sui  et 
in  a1ii8  locU  secrete  ct  apertc  nd  volunUiteDi  ipsius 
Jolianjie,"  &c  It  is  further  related  that  at  her 
husband's  decease  she  h:wl  c^tried  his  corpse  to 
the  Priory  of  Burscoiigh,  and  there  interred  it 
without  prjeat  or  religions  rites,  and  umnediately 
there-^fter,  being  then  pregnant,  she  had  inter- 
married with  the  said  Roger,  her  paramour.  It 
does  not  appeiir  that  Lady  de  Stanley  and  her 
hasband  at  all  interfered  on  poor  Sir  Thomases 
lielialf.  It  is  more  than  probable  that  they  were 
not  married  until  after  his  deceitse. 

It  apoears  to  me  that  the  circuuiatanees  here 
related  indicate  pretty  clearly  the  origin  of  the 
crest  of  the  eagle  and  child.  The  eagle  already 
existed  as  the  cognizance  of  the  Lathom  family, 
and  passed  with  the  estatew  to  the  Stanleys.  The 
illegitimate  offspring  of  Johanna,  above  alluded 
tOj  if  a  son,  wonld  prima  facie  have  a  claim  to  the 
inheritance,  which  the  rei)ort  in  the  Inquisition 
would  set  liaide.  What,  therefore,  more  natnral 
than  the  adoption  of  the  device  of  the  eagle  of  the 
Stanleys  triumphing,  or,  jnetaphorically,  picking 
out  the  eyes  of  the  babe  in  the  cradle  ? 

The  tnlditionary  account  of  these  circumatiinceSj 
garbled  and  modiEed  as  such  stories  usually  are» 
crystallized  into  the  myth  of  the  illegitimflte  babe 
Oftkatell  This  is  strongly  confirmed  by  the  lan- 
guage of  the  legend  itself,  which  goes  on  to  say 
that  "  Sir  0»katell,  being  degraded  and  supplanted 
in  the  hopes  and  prospect  of  an  immense  fortune, 
was  slighted  and  despised  by  hh  tiathought-of 
rivals,  who,  either  to  distinguiah  or  aggrandize 
themselves,  or  in  contempt  and  derision  of  their 
spurious  brother,  took  upon  them  the  eagle  and 
child  for  their  crest»  in  token  of  their  conquest 
over  him." 

It  is  to  be  feared  that  many  a  pretty  legend, 
when  tested  by  the  dry  light  of  documentarj'  evi- 
dence, will,  in  a  simiW  manner,  turn  out  "  the 
baseless  fabric  of  a  vision,'*  but  "  veritatis  aimplex 
oratio  est "  J.  A*  PicTOS. 

Sandjrknowe,  Wavertree. 


About  eight  or  nine  years  ago  there  died,  at 
Oakham,  a  woman  named  An»elia  Woodcock, 
better  known  us  the  "'  Wise  Woman  of  Wing," 
from  having  previously  lived  in  thatRatlandvilhige, 
which  is  clo^e  to  the  Midland  Railway,  between 
Stamford  and  OakhaiiL  She  was  scarcely  middle 
aged  when  she  died^  and  she  had'  settled  at  Wing 
fifter  an  early  marriage  with  a  labouring  man. 
I  am  told  that  she  had  no  experience  as  an 
hospital  nurse,  and  had  not  received  any  kind  of 
education  or  training  in  medicine ;  but  she  rapidly 
established  a  reputation  for  her  power  to  treat  and 
heal  every  variety  of  disease,  including  cancer. 
At  the  outset  of  her  career  she  made  a  great  point 

of  gathering  herbs  from  the  fields  and  woods,  and 
making  them  into  medicines  that  were  supposed 
to  act  as  charms  ;  but,  as  soon  as  her  reputation 
was  firmly  established,  she  had  no  leism^e  to  quit 
her  house  in  search  of  herbs,  and  contented  herself 
with  drugs  ordered  from  a  chemist.  It  was  in 
consequence  of  her  neglecting  to  take  exercise,  and 
to  the  habits  that  her  confined  life  produced,  th&t 
her  death  waa  attributable. 

Although  she  continued  to  live  in  her  humble 
cottage  at  Wing,  she  wajb  visited  daily  by  persons 
who — a»  I  am  told — "  came  in  their  own  carriages"; 
and  I  am  further  inform&ijOn  good  authority,  that 
medical  men  also  came  to  consult  her.  Her 
patients  were  taken  in  regular  turn,  without  dis- 
tinction of  rank  ;  and  they  were  so  numeroni 
that,  as  she  was  unable  to  .see  them  all  on  the  day 
that  they  came  to  her,  many  persons  were  obliged 
to  take  lodging:^!  in  the  yillage  or  neighbourhood 
until  the  Wise  Woman  could  see  them.  She  dealt 
rapidly  with  her  patients,  and,  after  hearing  a  few 
words  from  them,  told  them  that  she  perfectly 
understood  their  complaints,  and  could  cure  them. 
She  had  sufficient  wisdom  to  avoid  using  iiowerful 
drags,  and  what  her  medicines  lacked  in  quality 
was  made  up  for  in  quantity.  They  were  given 
to  her  patients  not  only  in  large  bottles,  but  also 
in  stone  jars.  A  chemist  who  supplied  her  with  a 
large  portion  of  her  drugs  paid  hi&  first  visit  to  her 
when  he  was  just  starting  for  himself  in  business, 
on  the  chance  of  getting  an  order  from  her,  A^ 
soon  as  he  obtained  admittance  to  her  room,  she 
took  him  to  be  a  patient,  and,  before  he  spoke  to 
her,  said,  "  I  can  see,  young  man,  what  is  the 
matter  with  you." — "Can  youf"  he  answered, 
thinking  it  best  to  humour  her. — "  Ye:*,"  she  said  ; 
**  you  Ve  got  an  ulcemted  liver." — "  Bleaa  me  !  *' 
he  cried,  in  feigned  alarm,  for  he  was  in  excellent 
health  at  the  time  ;  **  I  didn't  know  it  was  as  bad 
as  that."—"  Yes,"  she  said,  '^  and  it  'a  an  ulcerated 
liver  of  some  standing.  It 's  lucky  that  you  came 
to  me,  for  I  can  cure  you.  You  might  have  gone 
to  a  dozen  doctors,  and  they  wouldn't  have  been 
able  to  do  you  any  go<3d.*'  He  deemed  it  best  to 
play  the  ptirt  of  a  patient,  and,  without  speaking 
of  the  sjiecial  object  that  had  brought  him  into 
the  presence  of  the  Wise  Woman,  he  paid  her  for 
a  laig©  bottle  of  medicine,  and  went  away  with  it. 
It  is  needless  to  add  that  the  pbyaic  was  thrown 
to  the  dogs.  In  the  ensuing  week  he  jmid  her 
another  visit,  professed  to  have  been  greatly  re- 
lieved, and  went  nwuy  with  another  large  bottle 
of  Btutf,  which  he  used  as  "  the  mixture  as  befbre." 
The  next  week  he  went  again  to  her,  announcing 
his  perfect  rccoverj',  and  tlie  complete  cure  of  his 
ulcerated  liver.  He  then  modestly  introduced  the 
topic  that  he  waa  a  chemist,  just  storting  in  busi- 
ness, and  tliat  he  could  supply  her  with  drugs  at  a 
very  reasonable  rate.  The  interview  ended  by  her 
giving  him  an  order  for  drugs }  aud  this  vrn&  followed 


S"9.T,  J*».l,76.] 


Op  by  otUer»,  lud,  for  some  years  after,  the  Wise 
Woman  of  Wing  wxw  one  of  his  best  customers. 
He  tell  ft  mf.  that  he  usually  sent  ber  a  «irt-load  of 
<h  'jceaaion&Uy^  a  vAn-load  at  a  time. 

niwn  me  several  of  the  letters  that  she 
sent  :>  lum,  and  from  these  I  select  the  two  {o\- 
\owxngopdaa^  which  I  hftTe  copied  correctly,  though 
not  vilJiout  difficulty,  the  Wise  Wouiui'a  writiDg 
being  »  peeoliar  as  her  spelling  ; — 
No.  1. 

••  Onkbam- 

'^SSrwiU  yoo  icndl  Mrs.  woodcock  1  galland  of  aava- 
Jitte  1  of  red  UiTftotUr  3  of  niter  7  pound  of  jeJap  and  7 
iripies  iMlfatoae  of  ipanii  just  and  I  half  pound  of  biter 
Impli  fcalf  •ioxit  of  June  per  beriei  tiiid  anne  aeeda  6  bottles 
of  qoaoiiie  %■  niiaU  possll  of  red  salre  1  dosen  of  Hkins 
•ad  10k  worth  of  coff  piJli  2  bladders  of  s^^m  4  stone  of 
tin»ct«  m»  earlj  as  coayenieu  Araealia  Woodcook," 
No-  2, 

"JoBuy  2  Dear  fren  eje  liare  tent  you  a  small  order 
ifjimtfiiiik  wdl  to  exccp  it  6  gxUandsof  niter  and  a 
Jarf  •  bottle  of  dark  mixture  1  |^allaud  of  savaletta  1  ipd- 
land  of  laTundcr  1  quart  of  oil  of  juncpcr  and  6  pound 
of  bU«k  plaster  the  same  of  red  and  'i  pound  of  gebp 
5    '^"         .«  bottles  of  qmne." 

_  'ired  in  the  above  orders  are  the  Tarioua 
articje^,  qninine^  wil-voktlle,  aniseed,  and  Spanish 
JaiOB.  Tm  inpterious  drug  tKit  appears  in  the 
cme  order  ks  "iripJca,"  and  in  the  other  oa  "  hile- 
pka,'  wws  a  tpecial  favourite  of  the  Wib©  Woniati, 
who  serer  bad  the  slightest  knowledge  of  the 
Uttliire  of  the  medicine  !  It  ^^-as  a  recipe  brought 
froni  JrtrttaicA  by  an  assistant  of  the  chemist,  and 
i*  don  was  kept  a  profound  secret*    The 

>'  I  m  had  the  greatest  faith  in  it»  and  it 

r  od  in  every  order  that  she  sent.     Let 

.tit  did  her  patients  a  power  of  good. 
I  Iii»e  tiie  chemirt's  word  for  it  that  there  was 
not  anything  in  it.  or  in  the  other  thing«i  that  he 
rapplied  to  her,  that  could  harm  patients,  and 
that  they  might  (posssibly)  benefit  them,  especially 
•  '  *  .n«alt£hd  her  with  the  firm  conviction 
'■  aid  cure  them.     Perhaps  some  corre- 

' '  ■  ^  " '  •  -hboiirhood  of  Uppi ngham  and 
<  to  give  some  further  parti- 

^  ,\  Oman  of  Wing. 

CattiBEBT  Bede. 

fhrut^^:    "  Gr.«cu8.**— Dr.    Mommsen   {Hist. 
\  L  p.  13)  has  : — 

.  ^e  esaential  unity  of  all  the  Italian  as  of  all  the 
icreek  races  mitst  have  dawned  early  und  clearly  on  the 
of  the  two  great  nations  themtitlveei,  for  we 
in  the    /^i-  nan   Jfingoa^e  a  very  ancient  word  of 
J.  Grtfius  or  Grutcwi,  vrliich  i§  applied 
tone)  !  in  like  manner  amongst  the  Gtttkt 

the  an  "  *5on  'Oinroc,  which  is  applied  to 

*H<i/  <iU  stocks  known  to  the  <J reeks 

'uifariii  f  to  the  lapygioo*  or  A'frT'jrmraj," 

This  fiinguiar  correspondence  in  tise  and  form, 
«tending  even  to  identity  of  snfUx  {-ko^  -cks),  so 
tnggtstire  of  •  oorrektion  in  idea,  Ima  not  been 

followed  up  by  the  learned  doctor,  who  suggests 
(p.  22)  that  0/>toi  (with  Ofct\&c.)  means  "  labourers'* 
(root  as  in  opus^  &c,),  leaving  frrrpcuj  nnderived. 
Let  us  try  then  to  find  something  more  satisfactory. 
Prof.  CurtiuR  {Gh.  Ehjm,^  §  120)  says  it  is  impossible 
to  separate  F/iatico^  from  root  ytp  (primitive  oAn), 
"aged,  old,"  found  in  yc^tai',  ypala.  The  only 
meaning,  then,  which  can  attach  to  this  word,  us 
applied  to  a  nation  or  tribe,  is  that  of  "  the  older 
settlers,''  or  something  simiJiir.  We  shall,  there- 
fore, look  in  its  correlative  Opicm  for  the  sense 
younger  or  UiUr  settlers  ;  and  thiu  vre  find  in  it  if 
we  connect  it  with  oi/'t^  oTrcipo,  «^t-,  (J)  Oj>jnni. 
This  derivation  accords  well  with  a  Gra*co-Italian 
migration  from  east  to  west,  for  the  more  eastern 
Greece  would  be  colonized  limt,  and,  when  that 
was  occupied,  Liter  bands  of  settlers  ('Ottikoi) 
would  have  to  go  further  west  to  Italy.  It  accords, 
too,  with  the  fact  that  that  part  of  the  Italian  race 
itself  which  settled  loit,  the  Samnites  (Momma., 
iJii,  p.  34),  is  styled  jxir  tJcdUnft  Osean  or  Opican. 
Nor  can  we  find  a  difficulty  in  the  change  of  mean- 
ing from  "aged**  to  '* ancient "  in  tJracus.  It  is 
not  an  uncommon  oae»  and,  perhaps,  we  may  trace 
in  it  a  disparagement  of  claims  to  antiquity  by  a 
rival  kindred  race,  I  do  not  know  whether  thifl 
conjecture  hxis  been  anticipated  ;  it  has  not  cer- 
tainly, aa  I  think,  been  discansed  aa  it  deserves. 

J.  P,  P. 


M€t'*AitoAi'kov  tc  koX  vras, 
Mt/t/jos:  f»/s  irartp*  io'Bkhv  cJs   dvBptairov^  ckc- 


'Ep/Ktas;  Horn,,  Od.,  xix.  v,  394-7. 

Why  has  Autolychus  found  so  much  favour  from 
trantslators  ?     Pope  (Fenton)  says  :— 
"  Autolychui  the  bold,  a  mighty  uaine 
For  spotless  truth  and  deeds  of  martial  fame,'' 
Bo7.s!oli  :^ 

"Clie  fa  d'  accorto  ingegno  c  lealtade 
n  miglior  cavalier  di  (jttelU  etade." 
Even  the  trustworthy  Voss  states  the  perjury,  but 
posses  over  the  thieving  : — 

"  Der  hoch  ron  den  Menschen  berlihmt  war 
Durch  Auirede  mit  Schwur.*' 
Van 's  Qravenicteri : — 

"  Die  bij*i  menschelijk  geslachl 
Door  sluwUeid  was  Termoard.** 

Cowper's  is  the  fairest  version  %vhich  I  know,  poor 
but  honest : — 

"Wio  far  t'xcelled 
In  furtive  art€  and  oatlwi  all  human  kind." 

Clark  cites  the  Scholiast,  Julian  and  Plato  to  abow 
that  Homer's  words  are  to  be  t^-iken  in  their  natural 
sense,  and  were  intended  to  he  complimentary. 
Emesti  jvdds  :  '*  OpMo  porro  intellige  j«ra«rfi  arti- 
JkiOj  i|Uod  est,  cum  venim  jiuramus,  et  tamea 
altenim  fallimus  iinc  noxa.'*  Damm  {Ley,  How., 
V,  OpKOi)  gives  examples,  but  says  upon  this  pas- 





<«t  jcAcTrroo-i'ii;.  As  nojrrt  niay  be 
*'  criuie  ^*  or  *'  luibility  to  punUhment," 
I  liope  EniC4ti  raermt  the  latter.  Tho  text  does 
Jiot  limit  the  hwearin;^,  and  Daium'si  limitation  U* 
steallug,  au<l  keeping  the  goods  by  out-^n^eanng 
the  Droftec'Lition,  does  not  raise  our  opiniou  of 
Autolychns.  I  Hhall  be  thankful  for  an  elucidution. 
A  modern  in^itiince  may  be  iidiuiaaible.  I  know  a 
nwn  who  ciiK^  littlo  for  any  wine  and  greatly  dis- 
likes sherry,  yet  was  utiked  by  a  friend  to  go  down 
with  him  to  the  Docks  to  advise  on  the  purchase 
of  some.  Out  of  mere  courtesy,  when  asked  to 
taste  it,  he  tips  as  little  as  eivLlity  allow?,  and 
•ays,  with  perfect  truth,  **  I  have  seldom  tasted 
Bherry  which  I  liked  better."  So  he  is  reputed  a 
good  iudgo.  H.  B.  C. 

U.  U.  Clttb. 

ChABLSS    Wlt«1fOT    SeRRES,  a    "  SUPPRSSSED 

Prisce." — I  am  much  obliged  to  CLARRT(iv.  484) 
for  his  kindness  in  ascertaining  what  the  records  of 
the  Marine  Society  tetl  as  of  the  Charles  Wilmot 
8en«8  who  was  received  into  that  society  in 
Murcbf  182i3,  and  on  April  2  pbiced  on  board  the 
Buckinghatiii^lure,  East  Indiamaa,  If  the  st^itement 
of  bis  u^  in  hh  petition  and  in  the  register  of 
the  Bociety,  which  repreaents  him  aa  bein^  seven- 
teen in  1825^  be  correct,  it  is  clear  he  is  not  the 
"  SnppirefiEed  Prince  "  who  was  bom  in  1803,  and 
was  consequently  not  serenteen^  but  twenty-two,  in 

Serres,  in  his  interesting  holograph  will,  accuses 
liif  wife  of  *'  fnving  birth  to  iliegitiuiate  children, 
and  unnaturally  deserting  them  to  be  supported 
liT  others.''  His  biographer  states  distinctly  that 
sae  had  two  iUe^'itimsite  cliildren,  and  in  the  Me- 
moir (p.  33)  says :  **  While  thus  confined  during  a 
period  of  nearly  two  years,  information  reached 
him  of  the  birth  of  another  illegitimate  child  of 
his  wife  ** ;  and  the  Charles  Wilmot  Serree,  who 
was  placed  by  the  ^Marine  Society  on  board  the 
Euckingh.imshire,  m;iy  po>«ibly  be  this  child,  and 
the  second  of  the  two  of  Mra.  Kyves's  "  royal  and 
revered  mother."  A  friendly  oomespondent  has  sug- 
gested the  advisability  of  a  search  in  the  books  of 
tAe  BucktDghamshire.  As  I  am  not  able  to  make 
this  search  myself,  I  mention  it  in  hopes  of  at- 
tracting the  attention  of  another  Clarry,  who 
knows  where  tho.^e  books  are,  and  who  may  be 
able  and  willing  to  make  the  search. 

Looking  to  the  identity  of  Chnstian  name, 
Charles,  I  should  have  been  inclined  to  believe 
that  the  age  was  understated  in  the  petition  with 
the  view  to  getting  admission  into  the  dociety 
within  the  limited  age  ;  but  it  is  scarcely  possible 
that  the  committee  tould  huve  passed  a  young 
man  of  twenty-two  Jts  a  boy  of  seventeen,  a  fact 
which  strengthens  the  probability  that  we  have 
here  a  second  Dromio. 

It  is  true  that  in  a  US.  autobiography  of  the 

*^  Suppressed  Prince,"  which  is  now  before  me,  he 
passes  over  the  first  thirty  odd  years  of  his  life  with- 
out any  mention  as  to  how  or  where  they  were 
passed.  But  then  we  know  that  on  the  death  of 
Mrs,  Serres,  in  1834,  a  son  came  forward,  and  en- 
deavoured, b}'  an  application  to  the  magistrate  at 
Union  Hail,  to  obtain  possession  of  her  effects  and 
papers  ;  and  from  the  report  of  the  proceedinjjs  in 
the  Timts  of  Nov,  29,  1834,  we  lenm  thnt  he 
claimed  to  be  the  only  child  of  his  mother,  deny- 
ing that  she  had  ever  had  any  daughter.  But  then, 
oddly  enough,  this  son,  of  whom  Mr.  Murray,  the 
magistrate,  said  he  knew  nothing  to  his  credit,  ad- 
mitted be  had  been  to  the  Cape  of  Good  Hope, 
but  had  returned,  being  unable  to  obtain  employ- 
ment. Will  the  records  of  the  Buckinghamshire 
clear  up  this  mysterv  i  Willi  ah  J.  TaoMS. 
40,  St.  George  *  SqMire,  8.W. 

A  NoTTiKoHAMseiRB  Ne\\'  Year^s  Ev^r  Ccr- 
TOM.— The  following  custom  is  still  observed,  to  a 
limited  extent^  in  Nottingham.  One  of  the  heads 
of  the  family^  previous  to  locking  the  street  door 
for  the  last  time  in  the  year,  carefully  deposits  a 
gold  coin  in  close  proximity  to  the  door,  where  it 
is  allowed  to  remain  until  the  new  year  has  been 
ushered  in  by  the  ringing  of  the  church  belle,  when 
the  gold  is  taken  indoors,  Thie  is  bidieved  to  en- 
sure the  supply  of  money  for  the  year's  necessaries. 
J.  PorrER  Briscoe. 

Nottingham  Library. 

Cromwell's  WAT£R3iKN*a  Badges.  —  I  ai^ 
curious  to  know  whether  any  of  the  watermen's 
badges,  described  in  the  subjoined  order  of  the 
Protector's  Council,  are  still  in  existence.  Never- 
theless I  fear  that^  they  must  have  been  all  melted 
down  at  the  Restoration.  It  is  very  probable  that 
the  celebr:ited  Thomas  Simon  made  the  design  and 
die  for  the  badges.  The  arras,  &c.,  were  similar 
to  those  on.  Oliver's  Great  Seal  (made  b}'  Simon V 
viz,  :— A  square  gjimished  shield  bearing  quarterly 
of  four—  1st  and  4th,  the  crois  of  St.  George  ;  2na^ 
the  saltire  of  St.  Andrew  :  3rd,  the  harp  of  Ire- 
land ;  over  all,  on  an  inescutcheon,  a  Hon  rampant, 
the  piiteraal  arms  of  Cromwell.  The  shield  is  sur- 
mounted with  the  royal  helmet,  ensigned  with  the 
royal  crown,  sapporting  the  crest  of  England,  a 
lion  statant-guariiant,  imperially  crowned.  Sup- 
porters :— Dexter,  a  UoB  guardant  crowned  ;. 
sinister,  a  dragon. 

The  following  is  the  order  from  the  Council 
Entry  Book,  No.  106,  p.  139,  in  the  Public  Reoord 

*' Wednetdav,  9th  September.  1657.— Ordered  that  the 
Communon**  for  the  A.din''  and  ^arj  doe  forth  «r*^  Causa 
Badges  lo  be  msde  for  hia  Highne«»  Watcrmca,  accord* 
tng  to  y*  drsa^t  noir  agreed  on  in  tlie  Ccuaseli,  beinj; 
the  Annei  of  the  Com'on  Wealth  with  hts  Iliglineas 
EecatebeoQ  of  t>retonc«,  the  Crett  on  a  Crowae,  a  Ljon 
punni  CrowneU,  the  Supporters,  a  Lyon  Crowned,  a&d 





m  I>T«n«k^  with  ihA  Leiton  O  P  ftt  the  upper  p't  [p«H]  of 

Tim  hidgia,  58  in  number,  cost  34TZ.  Sx.  5tf.  ; 
and  tile  Mowing  (from  the  Money  Wfurant  Book 
of  Um  Conocilt  No.  1^27)  b  the  warrant  autbo- 
rixinif  tb<»  pirment  of  tbi»  sum  to  Edward  Back- 
well,  goldjrmith  :  — 

"  In  ponuance  of  an  order  beareing  date  bercirit}!, 
Th«ie&r«  lo  will  and  reauire  yoa^  out  of  atich  mnnjei  nb 
I  fnCo  JfKtr  biiDuA  on  »ccotnpt  of  the  CoutimIIs 
to  «ti«fie  and  pay  to  Edward  BackvrcU  of 
G()!ii^rtiitli.  ^t^..  sora'e  of  three  hundred  forty 
1  fiTe  petie«,  hettig  in  full 
L   Bridges  for  bii  HighneiA^idt'i  tv  ii.ii  «j»id  Edward  Backwell  in  pur- 
of  two  teTerwtl   orders  of  j*  Counsel!.     Hereof 
not  to  ffcUe.  and  for  bo*  doinj;  thi«  Bhnlbe  your 
It  Warmnt.    OlTtn  at  Whitehall  this  ]Ninth  dajr 

'^•I'Titd)  He.  Uwrrr--    ^^-^  -'^nt, 

iTe,     Phi*  Skipfton. 
1      i.i'lc,       Char.  Wolaley,     <  -114;. 

T^  GuttJter  Front  E5^^ 
fSmltf.  for  y  Conncclla  Contingenoyeu/* 

Henry  W,  Henfrey. 

TwK  Oattis  of  St.  Paul's. — Posterity  may  be 
-^ad  t  the  State  entrance  j^ntea  of  St. 

PlulV  >l^  and  about  12-5  feet  of  iron  mU- 

iaCi  a»  now  utfered  *' for  a  lamp  buqi  of  JTiO^.," 
'^MiTeriwI  to  r!\n«  at  our  yanl."  by  >[«>»»srs. 
Davic*  of  Tanxhall,  iron  and  metal  inereh;int?, 
Tbe*t>  f!at<*?.  with  the  railing,  were  erected  nb>out 
the  vi         '"'        '  I  rly  the  la«t  specimen  of 

^trnit  AH  the  Engliah  »ove- 

i4i^  ^i>M«  .-.  .ii    II  -who  have  come  to 

SLPkl&l'e  during  ir  ive  passed  through 

lluee  pitr»      Pu^r.  i»irpni»ed  to  learn 

the  gatM  en  refiiBed  even  at 

mode«r    ^        ^  e.  A.  J.  M. 


IMiblisbed  in  England  about  sixty  yeiirs  ago 
ndod  iSalem.  Mniisnchusetta,  with  Salem, 
T  '         ',  i|  it  as  a  city  sitniite  on 

Ah  I'l  'Ware,  opposite  to  Phila- 

lypbiit  '  1  u  .^u.ji..u.e  13  excuaable  when  coiu- 
psMd  with  thut  of  a  graduate  of  an  American 
eolW^,  who,  on  beinff  atked  in  Europe  how  the 
Fttsident  of  the  I'nited  States  was  elected, 
Auwered  that  the  governors  of  the  dift'erent  states 
nui  together  every  four  yeorti  and  elected  the 
id«nt.  M.  E. 





-J  ri   vpry  intereiating 
I  ill's  works»  of 
ving  their  ahip 
finj;  ft  calm  for  a  few  hours'  visit  to  a  amall  un- 
ited rockv  iiland  lying  a  little  way  out  of 
irae.     Shortly  after  landing  a  fog  came  on, 
irrdifced  them  to  tftke  rather  hastily  to  their 
after  rowing  a  little  way,  the  fog  thick- 
^di  tbkt  tbcy  fouiid  all  dt  once,  to  thek 

peat  disroay,  tlwit  thoy  liad  lost  sight  both  *■>( 
island  nnd  ship.  They  continued  in  this  rather 
alarming  predicament,  floating  about  and  not  drir- 
ing  to  use  their  oars,  for  many  hnarB,  until  at  last,  on 
the  fog  Tiri^vno/^fni^iv  lifinr  f  hey  fouud  t^l'1l"-^•^  '•■? 
but  a  sh  ir  ship.     Ti 

part  of  til  _,  whorcmair     ! 

ship  had  been  contra titly  tirinjtc  signal  guns,  not  onn 
of  which  had  been  heard  by  tho^e  in  the  boat.  I 
I>erfectly  well  remember  reiuliriK  the  account  many 
years  a|^o  in  one  of  Biwil  Hall's  works,  but  cannot 
recollect  in  which.  This  reference  may,  perhaps, 
be  of  interest  to  some  just  at  this  time, 

R.  Hill  Sandts. 

Thk  Title  **  Retf-renp."—  The  following  is  &oni^ 
Prof.  Willis's  (\i7iifrhiry  CotJudral^  "  Qui  ope  et 
nuxilio  Rcv^  patris  T.  Anindell  navem  btius  eocle- 
»iit'  .  .  .  renovnvit "  (tUjit.  Aug,  Sac.,  p.  143)»  The 
date  is  A.D,  13&t>- 141 1.  Another  example  1  copied 
from  Preston  Chmch  ("  N.  &  Q.."  5"^  S.  iv.  4110), 
of  the  date  a.d.  145^.  W,  K  HoBSOir. 


[W«  most  request  correspondents  deti ring  information 
on  family  mntterti  of  only  private  interest,  to  atHx  their 
names  and  addrep^ca  to  thoir  queries^  in  order  that  the 
answers  may  be  addre&sed  to  tlem  direct. ] 

The  3rETRicAL  Psalms,— Among  the  partial 
versions  noted  by  Mr.  Holland  in  the  FadmUU  of 
Briinin,  1843, 1  do  not  tind  this  :— 

•'One  and  fortie  Divin?  Odes,  Englished,  set  to  King 
David's  Princely  Harpe  hy  8,  P.  L.  London  :  Printed 
by  M.Lt\.  1627." 

Another  title  :— 

"An  Allay,  or  Brohanan  his  Parapbraaea  on  the 
twentie  Ptalmes  of  Dnrid,  translated.  Lond. :  R.  Y. 
for  Richard  Moore,  1627." 

The  latter  applies    to   the  earlier  part    of   the 
'"Divine  Odes,"  showing  it  to  be  one  work. 

My  question,  therefore,  is.  Who  waa  this 
S,  P»  li,  ?  It  may  be  premised  that  two  Christian 
numes  were  not  common  at  the  period,  conse- 
quently these  initials  are  more  likeJy  to  be  indi- 
cative of  the  authors  surname,  and,  seekinfr  to 
fix  them  upon  a  known  name  of  the  day,  I  find 
they  will  very  well  fit  the  name  of  Sempill.  Now, 
considering  that  it  was  fashionable  at  the  time  for 
royalty  and  nobility  (King  Jame'^,  Lords  StirUnL% 
Bacon,  &c.,  for  examples)  to  try  their  handti  at 
David*8  harp,  1  venture  to  suggest  that  the  initials 
will  suit  Sir  James  Sempill 

There  is  certainly  not  much  in  the  known  work« 
of  Sir  Jame«  that  would  lead  us  to  this  conclusion. 
fle  was,  however,  in  the  habit  of  abbreviating  his 
name,  as  shown  in  his  Sticriled^e  S't^raily  IlandJtd, 
by  I.  S.  L.,  and  his  Ficktovtk  for  the  Pope,  b^ 
S,  L  S. 

It  may  U  fuTihet  uaj&utAOTkfia.  xX^iA.  ^vt  ^myv^ 




the  godson  of  King  James— his  fellow-pupil 
under  Buchanan — and  one  of  the  Court  set ;  xind 
from  the  following  extract  it  may  be  inferred  how 
ready  be  would  be  to  follow  the  king  and  tutor's 
example  in  imilatin^  the  Psalms  :— 

*'  Ye»,  behold."  iajs  he,  "  what  int«re»t  I  hftro  alto  in 
our  SKcre d  Datid :  eren  devoted  to  his  Service,  by  my 
pi^rentSj  before  I  wka  ;  thereafter  named  in,  nnd  after  his 
MajestieA  owne  name,  before  himaelfe  could  know  it ;  yet 
after  knowledge,  confimied,  nnd  in  lii«  H.  Court,  almost 
ever  eince,  both  nursed  and  schooled.  And  ao  U  our 
David  the  king  of  my  birth  ;  the  maater  of  my  Berrico  ; 
the  father  of  my  name  ;  framer  of  my  nature  ;  and  the 
Gamaliel  of  my  education ;  at  ivho«e  feet  (no.  at  whoiie 
elbow,  and  from  whoao  mouth)  I  oonfesse  I  liaTe  nuckt 
the  beit  of  whateoerer  may  ho  thought  good  in  me/'* 

There  is  certainly  one  leetle  point  I  had  not 
obiten'ed  before  framing  my  query,  and  that  is  that 
Sir  Jamea  Seiopill  died  in  1626.  The  book  Jimy, 
however,  haTe  been  ix)sthuiuouB-  At  all  events, 
the  q»e?ition  of  authorship  ia  of  interest  f  and  I 
shall  be  glad  to  hear  if  any  eorreapondent  can 
throw  light  upon  it.  J.  O, 

Ax  Old  Picture.-^I  ahull  be  c;hd  to  receive 
information  on  the  following.     I  have  a  rpiaint 
old  picture  by  Cerquozzi  (Michel  Anrjelo);    the 
old  man  is  giving  the  boys  a  taste  out  of  hia  large 
mustard  pot,  which  I  did  not  nnderBtand  until  I 
met  with  an  old  Dutch  print  with  these  linea  : — 
"Eloigne  toy  d'icj;  paas^nt  Melancholiquo 
Cet  imti^e  n'a  point  I'Art  de  pblre  a  tes  yeux, 
Tu  gemis,  tu  t«  plains,  tout  y  paroLst  Joyeux 
£t  jiuques  aux  Enfani^  chacua  t'y  fait  la  nique. 
Cebon  hamme  sur  ious  riant  de  ton  Enuuy, 
Te  declare  la  guerre^  en  broyant  ia  moutarde, 
Et  notis  ohWiffi  toui  pnr  ion  bameur  K*illardc, 
A  banuir  le  Chagi-in,  et  rirc  comme  luy." 

TrioMAR  Warkkr. 


This  Society  issued  to  its  members  a  series  of 
djuwings,  entitled  "  III natrat ions  of  Scottish 
Builflin^'g,"  during  the  Sessions  from  1861-62  to 
187i)-71  inclusive.  Can  any  of  your  correspondents 
inform  me  if  any  such  were  issued  for  the  Sessions 
imb-m,  1866  67,  and  1867-68  T  If  ao,  what 
buQdingd  did  they  represent  ? 

Thomas  George  Stevknsojt. 

**KrTH  THE  MoABiTESS."— 1  have  the  proof 
copy  of  this— *^  Ruth  the  MoahUm,  a  Poem,  in 
seven  Rc^nes,  with  notes.  Not  published."  Neither 
author^  place,  printer,  nor  dale  j  but,  as  Heber's 
PalfJftine  is  alluded  to,  it  must  be  subsequent  to 
1S12.  It  is  covered  with  MS.  corrections  ;  and, 
05  I  have  never  met  with  the  poem  in  its  corrected 
or  any  state,  I  desire  to  know  if  it  passed  the  press 
and  the  author's  name.  J.  O. 

8m  Satriledffe  Saerpity  Handled,  Itfl^, 

Bristol  Cathedral  Lirraky. — I  read  some- 
where lately  that,  in  the  Bristol  riots  of  1813^  the 
library  of  the  cathedral  was  destroyed  by  the 
rioters.  Is  there  a  catalogue  extant  of  the  library 
as  it  existed  previous  to  the  riots,  or  did  it  iJerish 
together  with  the  books  and  MSS.  I 

J.  Macray. 

** '  Attorney  '=onc  who  is  put  in  the  place  or 
takes  the  turn  of  another.  An  old  writer  speaks 
of  Jesus  as  our  oidj  iittomey  between  God  and 
man." — I  have  a  note  to  the  above  effect  in  my 
KaUahym.  Can  any  of  your  readers  say  who  tb& 
"  old  writer  "  referred  to  was  I 

Etc  ET  UniquE. 

Saml'kl  Leigh  ofOllerton. — I  shall  bemudi 
obliged  to  any  of  your  Cheshire  correspondents  fo» 
information  abont  him.  He  was  second  son  of 
Peter  Leigh  of  High  Leigh,  ivho  died  in  1658.  He 
was  married  at  Rostherne  to  Sarah  Yarwood  of 
Ollerton,  near  Knutyford,  in  1073,  and  died  ia 
1690,  By  his  will,  which  is  at  Cheater,  he  leaves 
liXV,  for  a  school  or  some  other  charitable  objeot 
at  Ollerton  ;  hut  no  mention  is  made  of  wife  or 
children.  I  should  be  glad  to  know  if  his  wife- 
survived  him,  and  if  he  Imd  children  ;  if  so,  what 
their  naines  were.  Samuel  Leigh  was,  I  imagine, 
a  Presbyterian,  Mathew  Goch. 

BcRN's. — Why  does  Mr.  Carlyle,  in  bis  Rcroc* 
and  Hero-Worshipf  phice  Burns  amongst  the  "  Men 
of  Letters  "  instead  of  amongst  the  "  Poets  "  1  Hi» 
two  representative  poeta  are  Dante  and  Shak- 
speare.  But^  although  Burns  was  Jar  below  these 
giants  in  poetical  power,  he  was  as  true  a  pott  as 
either  of  them.  I  cannot  understand  why  BalSto 
should  be  a  "  hero,  as  poet/'  and  Burns  only  a 
*'■  hero,  as  man  of  letters." 


Bishop  Pococke's  Visit  to  Iona. — Pennant^ 
in  his  account  of  lona  (vol  iii.  p.  206),  mentions,  at 
a  little  distance  from  the  ruins  of  the  monastery,, 
"a  square  containing  a  cairn  and  surrounded  by  a 
stone  dyke,"  and  adds  : — 

"  This  !■  called  a  huriiil  place :  it  must  have  been  in 
very  early  tiniei.cotemporftry  with  other  cairns,  perhaps 
in  the  day  a  of  Druidifm,  for  Bl^^hup  Pocock  Tuenttons  that 
he  had  seen  two  utones,  seven  feet  high,  with  a  third  laid 
acrosa  on  their  tops,  an  o^fident  cromiek ;  he  alao  addl, 
thtit  the  Irish  name  of  the  inland  was  Miflli  Dnini&h.'* 

By  Bishop  Poncock,  Pennant  evidently  mwins  tKe 
celebrated  Eastern  traveller,  Dr.  Richard  Pocockci 
who  was  made  Bishop  of  Ossmy  in  1756,  and 
translated  to  Meath  in  1765,  He  is  said  to  have 
travelled  in  Scotland  ;  aud  a  description  of  a  rock, 
on  the  west  aide  of  the  harbour  of  Dunbar,  re- 
semblme  the  Giants'  Causeway,  was  published  in 
the  Fhilomiihiral  Transactiona,  vol.  Iii.  art.  17. 

As  Bishop  Pococke  died  in  September,  1765, 
and  Pennant  did  not  visit  looa  tiU  1772,  it  ia 



vious  tliftt  Ptimant  imint  liave  derived  his  infor- 

tion  &wn  some  pablislied  account  of  Bishop 

i  Scotland,  but  I  have  been  quite 

ver    from   what    aource   Pennant 

:.  1  I  -  ndy  ob%ed  if  any  of  your 
rtuder^  u*alti  jt^ier  me  to  the  work  of  Bishop 
Poeoeke  from  which  the  quotation  is  nuule. 

William  F.  Sk^ne. 

"Tits  Prksbxt  Statb  op  LoKiwjr."— I  Intely 
met  with  n  kTiiiiU  Toltinie,  in  tm  imperfect  state, 
pp.  4  to  47ii,  beftded  oa  above,  but  witbout  title- 
page,  &c  The  book  appears  to  have  heen  pub- 
liBb«d  in  the  year  after  the  estubliahuient  of  the 
Pmm»f  i*<>*f,  vl7^»  in  H3S1.  It  contains  much 
conoos  infomiation  About  London,  and  has  en- 
gmrings  of  public  buildings,  the  city  gates,  the 
urns  III  the  London  comfMintes,  &c.  The  book  is 
prohoUy  well  known.  I  would  bo  glad  to  know 
the  Dame  of  the  author,  and  when  and  where  pub- 
lithed.  W.  H.  Patterson. 

Be&ssbt. — ^A  cttj-ious  coincidence  with  regard 

fr   '      -        >  or  family  ha^t  lately  come  under  my 

r  '  re  is  now  living  tit  feirnsley,  co.  York, 

•  L  Reresby,   a  labnonrer,   born    July  !), 

;ia  only  sou  of  Leonnrd  Reresby.     The 

Tnufted  as  an  inmate  of  theFoimd- 

'  748,  and  wa8  bnptized  Oct.  t)  of 

ud  waa  named  Leonard  Rereaby 

White.     His  number  in  the  Hospital 

d  in  1760  he  was  sent  to  Ackworth, 

vxk  Vc«k.     The  hi3t  baronet  but  one,  Sir  William 

Bcroby  of  Thriberfr,  i«  stated  to    have  died  a 

UpMer  in  the  Fleet  Prison.     Bis  brother,  the  last 

hifiOQ^i,  Sir  Leonard  Eere^by,  died   Aujfust  11,  13  stated  in  the  Gcnt^  Mag,  to  have  left 

to   the  Foundling   Ho>ipitaI.      I  shall   be 

*      ^v  whether  Mr.  White  had  any  reason 

Ije  child  Leonard  Rereaby,  beyond  the 

u.^-.  .1..,^  4*ie  baronet  of  the  sanie  name  bad  two 

moatJM  previously  left  4iK)0t.  to  the  HoispituL 

Alfred  Scott  Gatty. 

Ecclufield  \'icATmg«,  Sheffield. 

Mrs.  Olivia  Trast.— Can  any  one  give  me 

Lafbnn*tion  rwpectinjr  Mrs.    Olivia  Trant,  who, 

^  -         '      -     nry  of  the  Duke   of  Orleans   in 

^^yed  by  the  Duke  of  Ormond  in 

r  -  ^-^ts   of  the   first  Pretender? 

jW  I  particulars  of  the  escape  of 

Hit  .  ..„..-.  .:,.....: from  Innspmck  in  the  year 

1710  i  A  K. 



*  "'—When  was  this  tenu  first 

lebnited  article  on  **  Church 
Partici  [  iviitu.  iv  r- ,  No.  2(K),  Oct.,  1853}  contains 
th^  <acU«»t  iDiention  known  to  W.  H.  0. 

LQiirt>o^  Btiiixoe.— To  what  parish  does  London 
Bridge  belong,  and  where  are  the  baptisuiaJ^  mar- 

riage, and  burial  re^isterf?  of  those  persons  who 
used  to  live  on  the  bridj^^e  itself  now  deposited  1 

W,   P,    W.   PniLLIMORE, 
Queen'a  College,  Oxford, 

FicKLiK  ATfD  Bbrkev  FAMILIES.— Can  you 
give  me  any  particulara  relative  to  the  Ficklin 
family  that  would  assist  lue  to  complete  a  pedisrreo 
of  that  family  ?  What  are  their  arras  and  crest  ? 
I  nm  idfio  desirous  of  discovering  where  any  por- 
traits of  the  Berney  family  (baronets  of  Norfolk) 
may  be  located,  Have  any  portraits  of  its  mem- 
bers ever  been  engraved  ?  Beta- 
Sir  Etjar  Harvf.t.— la  there  any  portrait  ex- 
tant of  C.ipt^in  (afterwards  Admind  Sir  Eliab) 
Harvey,  commander  of  the  famous  Temoraire  in 
Nelson's  time,  and  subBecjuently  M.P.  for  Maldon 
and  Eaaex  \  Is  there  any  pubiiahed  account  of  his 
life  i                                                       F,  R.  H. 

Heraldic. — According  to  Thomaa's  edition  of 
DuRdale'3  Antiqnitin  of  IVarwichkire^  there  was 
a  shield  in  Coleshill  diurch  displaying  these  arms : 
Quarterly  1  and  4,  or,  a  tower  azure:  3  and  4^ 
bnrry  nebuk'e  of  six  or,  and  aable,  for  Blount.  To 
what  family  did  the  former  coat  belong  I  It  like- 
wise appeared  in  a  quartered  shield  of  the  Mount- 
fort  family  in  Middleton  Church,  in  Warwick- 
shire ;  and  is  still  to  be  »een,  in  conjunction  with 
the  arms  of  Blount,  upon  a  quartered  shield  of  the 
Willoughby  family  in  Wollaton  Church,  in  Not- 
tingharaahire.  Burke's  General  Armoury  states 
that  theBlounts  of  Maple-Burhani,  in  Oxfordshire, 
quarter,  auionpst  others,  the  nrma  of  the  Castile 
n*mily.  Are  they  identical  with  the  coat  in  quea* 
tion  1  A.  E.  L.  L. 

An  Old  Carol.— I  shall  be  much  obliged  if  any 
one  Will  fin  in  the  following  old  carol  up  to  the 
twelfth  day: — 

"  The  first  day  of  Chrifltmns  my  trae  lore  tent  to  me 
A  partridfre  in  k  pear-tree. 
The  second  dav  of  €hriitinii.A  my  true  love  B«Dt  to  ma 

Two  turtle  doTCH  and  a  jmrtridge,  kc. 
The  third  dsj  of  CbriRtmos  my  true  love  tent  to  mo 
Three  French  hcni,  two  turtle  doves,"  kc. 

H.  H, 

"A  Touchstone  for  Gold  and  Silver 
Wares  ;  or,  a  Manual  for  Goldsmiths.*'  By 
W.  B.,  of  London,  Goldsmith.  London,  1077. — I 
have  lately  obtained  this  curious  little  work.  Who 
was  W.  B.  i  Was  he  a  liveryman  of  the  Gold- 
smiths' CompaDy  l  Willl^m  J.  Grbkn. 

AsriNWALL. — From  whom  did 
Central  America  take  its  name  ? 


town    iQ 

Thomas  Clarke.— TMio  were  the  parents  of 
Thomas  Clarke ^  who  lived  at  High  Wj'combe, 
Bucks,  for  many  years,  and  died  thew,  \tv\^^^^ 
iiged  ninety -one  \    He  'wi\a  iViaa  \ioi^  m  «  ^^nj^. 



1738.  He  was  three  tiuies  married  ;  lat  (in  1766), 
to  ElixabcLli  Fowler  ;  2ndly,  to  ^lartha  ShrimptoD ; 
and  3rdly,  to  Betty  Williums.  All  these  raiurrbi^cs 
took  place  in  High  Wvcombe.  He  was  mIso 
several  times  Mayor  of  High  Wycombe,  and  in 
the  early  pi rt  of  his  life  wua  an  adjutant  ia  the 
rBucks  MjJitijk  I  do  not  find  any  entry  of  hia 
^ivptism  in  the  regifiters  at  Wycombe^  but  I  thiDk 
he  wns  bom  in  Buckinghamahire  or  Berkshire. 
Wm.  a.  Clarke. 
The  Grove,  Chippenham,  Wilts. 

"  Sodom  :  a  Plav,  by  the  E.  of  R,,"  was  printed 
in  London,  in  16S4,  with  the  false  impress 
"  Antwerp."  Heber  possessed  a  copy,  which  did 
not  go  to  the  hammer  with  the  rest  of  his  collec- 
tion, but  was  reserved,  and  probably  destroyed  by 
his  exGcutorrt,  Can  any  of  your  correspondents 
give  me  furtber  information  concerning  tliis 
notorious  production,  or,  better  still,  atlbrd  me  the 
inapcction  of  n  copy  ?  Further,  any  iufornrntion 
concerning  Fishboume^  the  HUpposed  author,  will 
be  acceptable.  Eeferences  to  wcU-hiomt.  bio- 
bibliographical  works  are,  of  course,  superfluous. 


(5»»»  S.  iv.  489.) 
In  asking  *'  whether  Danish,  Swedish,  and  Nor- 
wegian are  Teutonic  or  Scandinavian  langiuipes,'* 
^your  correspondent  tmiclies  upon  an  important 
question,  concerning  which  the  most  contradictory 
nns^vers  might  easily  be  given  by  such  jis  are 
unaware  of  the  trchnicttl  mmning  of  the  words 
employed.  The  whole  puzzle  (a  pu/zle  which 
some,  to  my  knowledj^e,  are  almost  unable  to 
.4K>lTe)  consists  in  the  highly  technicil  and  artificial 
^meaning  in  which  the  term  "Teutonic"  is  cm- 
ployed  in  grouping  languages,  whilst  at  the  same 
time  it  1ul%  in  ordimiry  speech,  a  much  sinipler 
meaning.  Ordinarily  ''Teutonic''  is  almost  a 
convertible  term  with  ''  German  "  ;  but,  in  the 
science  of  lanpua^e,  it  has  a  very  ditt'erent  and 
purely  technical  meaning.  In  botany  we  speak  of 
classes,  sub-classes*  orders,  rjenera,  hpecies,  and 
varieties.  In  language  the  corresponding  terms 
are  families  or  classes,  sub-claa&c*^,  branches, 
groups,  langtuiges,  and  dialects.  Thus  Danish 
belongs  to  ihe  Indo*European  family  or  chuis^ 
Europeim  sub-clasM,  Teutonic  bmnch,  Bciindi- 
navian  group  ;  being  in  itself  a  language.  The 
Bame  is  true  for  Norwegian,  iSwedit^h,  and  the 
extremely  important  Icelandic,  which  should  not 
have  been  omitted  in  the  question. 

The  common  misUike  is  to  confuse  *' Teutonic  " 
in  the  above  sense  with  Cerman  ;  and,  even  fur- 
ther, German  is  confused  with  High  German,  Yet 
Teutonic  is  the  name  of  a  hmndif  fligh  German  is 



the  name  of  a  Qroupt  and  German  is  the  name 
languagt.     No  wonder  that  most  contradic 
and  confused  ideas  are  current,  when  these 
terms  are  constantly  being  used    as  coDYertihle. 
It  is  just  as  if^  in  botany,  we  wert?  to  make  no 
distinction  between  Ro^a  and  Eoancffn, 

I  hope  it  will  thus  he    evident    that,   though 
Danish  is  said  to  belong  to  the  Teutonic  branS, 
it  is  not  German.     Moreover,  the  Scandinavi 
group  is  so  far   from    being   "Gerumn"  (in  t 
wider  sense  of  High  German)  that  it  is  much  more 
closely. allied  to  the  Low  German  )^roup. 

The  right  scheme  of  the  languages  of  the  **  Teu- 
tonic" bmnch  has  been  given  many  times ; 
<r,f7.,  March's  Amjlo-Saxon  firamniar;  M( 
Historical  (Hitlin(«  of  Evgluk  Acridaice  ;  PeiJe'l 
htfrodvcHon  fo  Latin  ftnd  irTcek  Ehjmolo^; 
St.hleicber*.s  Compmdiurn. ;  the  works  of  Max 
Wiiller,  Whitney,  &c.  They  are  all  agreed  in 
principles,  but  they  employ  vuryinj^  t*^mis.  Thiu^ 
in  Tfu:^  Life  fl"'^  Growlh  of  Latu^imge^  Profemot 
Whitney  uses  "  family "  a^  synonymoua  with 
"  class,"  but  Dr.  Morris  us^fs  "  family  "  as  synony- 
mous with  '*  brancli/'  The  former  method  is,  I 
think,  much  more  convenient.  The  scheme,  as 
given  by  the  above  authors,  is  as  follows  :^ 

Ftunihf  or  cla^if. — Indo-Euroj^jm  (sometimes 
called  Indo-Germanlc,  in  order  to  midie  confusion 
worse  c«  a  founded). 

Suh-dax$cs.—l.  Arj'an.     2.  European. 

Bmjuhrji.'  J.  From  I  lie  Aryan  :  I.  Indian  j  %. 
Knmian  or  Imniari.  II.  From  the  European  :  3. 
Greek;  4,  Albanian;  5.  Italian;  6.  Keltic  J 
7.  Slavonic  ;  8.  Litbuiiuian  ;  11.  Teutonic. 

(t'roupff.^l  omit  the  nubdivision?  of  the  firat 
eight  of  the  above  brunches,  and  consider  only  the 
Teutonic.  Of  the  Teutonic  ^►rjmch  the  p^roupis, 
are:  — 1.  Low  Gcrmiin  ;  2.  *Sc;indinanan  ;  3w 
High  German. 

i(r)i//t««^M.— Here  the  subdivisions  are  the  fol- 
lowing i—t.  From  the  Low  German;  1.  Mccso- 
Gothic  or  Gothic  (dead) ;  2.  Entjlish  ;  ',\,  Frisian 
4.  Old  Saxon  oT  Phltl-Deul>^cb  ;  5.  Dutch 
FicmiNh.  II-  From  the  Scandinavian  :  7-  Ice-] 
laiidic  ;  K.  Sweilibli  ;  1).  Danish  ;  10.  Norwegi; 
(wliich  is,  perhaps,  more  a  dialect  of  Djmish  th 
a  eepamte  huiguage).  III.  Ftvin  the  High  '^ 
man  :  11,  German. 

If  this  be  understood,  the  comparative  descrip^ 
tions  of  English,  Icelandic,  aud  German  vrill  ap- 
pear ;\9  follows  : — 

Brafich,  Teutonic  ;  group.  Low  German  ;   la 
gnagfy  English. 

BrmtfK  Teutonic;  group,  Scandinamn ;  la\ 
^^lage^  Icelandic. 

BTavrh^  Teutonic  ;  groitpf  High  German  ;  la 
ipinf/f,  GerraarL 

The  confusion  constantly  eithibited  by  "etymol 
gisitf  "  coubisU  iu  mixing  up  the  Teutonic  6mi 
lligh  German  j^row/ijund  German  hmjuti^e^ta 


C^S.T.Jm.  1,111.) 


tbem  ail  inlo  one  ;  from  whence  comes  the  absur- 
dity of  lookiag  upon  EogUsb  and  Icelimdic  a^ 

It  is  ae^  to  aee  how  the  trouble  arose.  It  ib 
ib»  old  Miory  of  the  sculptor  and  the  lion.  If  the 
lioa  Ittd  ♦iecuted  the  sculpture,  he  might  have 
wpin<nt»ri  the  lion  ua  cod  que  ring  the  uian.  The 
muadfttore  caiue  from  Genrnmy^  and  hence  not 
imlj  vw  Oermaa  u^ed  to  mean  a  language,  but 
JGUgh  Oerman  designates  one  group,  Low  Germuji 
aiiDther  ;  next,  Teutonic  was  given  as  the  name  of 
A  wholr  *  -  ^  much  aa  if  an  Eojrlishman  were  to 
•call  th  '  Anglic."     Nor  did  the  forced 

iiiomci2L«>....w  .  .^p  here,  but  the  attempt  was  made 
to  Qse  Genaanic  sa  the  name  of  ii  sub-class,  makini,^ 
Genoany  to  include  nearly  all  Europe,  and  then 
lodo-Gtirmunie  became  the  name  of  the  complete 
£imiij  ot  languo^fl  !  Happily^  the  lost  term  has 
"^  "y  ionnd  favour,  and  thus  a  last  source  of 
ii&ion  has  been  set  aside.  Much  as  wc  arc 
l&dcbied  to  the  Uernians,  I  think  this  numen- 
^attiT9  hnx  seriously  mi^^led  a  great  number  of 
Xr.      "  It  would  have  been  better  if  sotne 

jri  term,  such  as  Gothic,  could  have  been 

ir  •  n :\  ID f-  n f  t  li f  b ranch- 

;  I  lu    li  :    nit  is  the  ''deriving**  of 
L  1?^  If'jiu  Gft jiiuD,    It  is  8omethin;j  like 

lo  H  rose  on  an  apple-tree,  because  they 

t  to  the  Hosacut. 

J I     r     MO  who  has  any  difficulty  upon  this  sub- 

ji'  ly  u^  the  language  of  botany,  he  will 

ftt  '    a  cJear  idea   of  the  matter.      The 

;ia  ordcr^  the  *'  gfoup  "  ia  a  jfnu^j  the 

_'r      in  n    tpfcitM,     Xeither  Icelandic  nor 

•*  T»;iitrinir"  in  a  f^incric  sense;    they 

'  rder  of  Tiutonncar^  which  is 

I,      Wai^ter  W.  Sk^at. 



I  i^-' 


^-  T'  -it^h  ,^nd  Swedish    hir, -     must,   of 

issed  under  the  tt^n  avian," 

L»  vTi^,..,»;y  not  nnder  that  of  *  .i.^  ...c  '  ;  but, 
IQu  the  Sajton  and  Dutch,  untler  that  of  **  Gothic." 
The  Osmanli  Turkish  is  based  upon  Uigur,  Mon- 
ttif  uid  perhaps  a  few  other  of  the  numerous 
alar  dialects  But  the  j^^eat  body  of  the  Tur- 
^  would  seem  to  be  composed  of  Arabic  and 
Plerkan,  a  f.ict  which  Mr.  Ihoac  Taylor  woidd 
ii  A  ell  to  note  when  he  endeavoured  to 

tr  >n  to  I  he  so-caUed  Turanian  languages!. 

T  lino  some  words  from  Greek  and 

0  iijrea.     The  proportions  Jerived 

tr.  l.iri;,aiage  maybe  seen  by  referrin;;  to 

l^r        I nurirsof  Kieiltr  and  ilLancht,  and  Eed- 

htJQMe.  K.   i»,   CUAELNOCK. 


RoMOrr  Ptit'^^iwurt  (6«»  S,  iv.  451.)— In  Tides- 
^cD  Quutli,  CO,  Oefby,  is  an  interesting  brass  to 
iiim  blahOfu    I  copied  the  in^i  ription  this  summer, , 

and  it  contains  a  full  reply  to  W.  L.,  except  that 
there  h  no  cout  of  arms.  The  brastt  was  till  lately 
on  a  raised  tomb,  but  lu  now  on  the  floor,  in  what 
h  believed  to  have  been  its  originjil  position.  The 
bishop  is  rt'j)i-eaented  in  eucharlstic  vestmenUi — 
mitre,  chasuble,  stole,  enihroidered  gloves,  but 
without  maniple,  and  with  the  pastoral  stall'  over 
his  left  ahoumer.  This  ia  notewortby,  considering 
the  date  of  hia  death.  At  the  comers  are  the 
Evangelifttic  s^Tiibols,  and  this  le^'end  : — 

"  4-  Christ  Is  to  mo  as  life  on  earth,  and  de&tb  to  me  i» 
galne  Becaote  I  triut  through  him  alone  aaliration  to 
ubiakie.  So  brlttlo  is  the  state  of  man,  so  soon  it  doth 
d«eay ;  So  all  the  glory  of  this  world  mtist  pa*  and  fade 
ttway.  This  Kob«rt  I^ungloTc,  Bometyme  Btihoppe  of 
Hall,  deccMsed  the  *J  day  of  May  in  th«  yore  «f  our 
Lord  tJod,  i:i79." 

At  the  foot  of  the  stone  is  another  inscription  on 
sin  oblong  brass  ;  it  is  in  black-letter,  excepting 
the  words  |>rinted  below  in  Italici,  which  ai^  in 
Roman  type  : — 

**  Under  this  stono  as  here  doth  Ly  a  corps  aomtituc  of 

in  tiddf4tPaU  bred  and  bom  tnuly,  itolert  Furt^tow 

by  name, 
and  there  brought  op  by  parents  care  at  School  & 

Icartiing  trad, 
till  aft«rtrard3  by  uncle  dear  to  London  he  was  had, 
who,  WiUium  Bi-adsfutw  ht};;ht  by  uaoiOi  in  pauls  w'h 

did  him  plnce, 
and  y'  at  Schoole  did  hicn  maintain  full  thrice  3  whole 

y«aT«  space, 
in  S< 

to  O^hud  then  ivba  did  hizn  Hend  into  that  CoUedge 

And  there  14  yesrs  did  him  find,  wh  Corpus  Chrinti 

hight ; 
i^rom  tb«noa  at  length  away  he  went,  A  Gierke  of 

learning  great^ 
to   GtMlfuiti  Aifftey  Streig^^  wai  sent   and  placd  in 

Prior/  seat. 
Bu/top  of  llufl  be  was  also  Archdeaatn  of  N'ttinghftm, 
pTovod  of   ItaTHerata    CoUedye    too,  of    }'orJt    eak 

two  OramtT  ScKoqUs  he  did  ordain  with  Land  for  to 

one  ffospttal  for  to  m&mtnin  twelve  inmoteni  and  pour. 
O  Gulurnf,  thou  with   TtddawdU  Town.  Lement  <Sc 

mourn  ycut  may, 
for  this  Said  C^c rjL  of  grc*it  renoun  Lyeth  here  coiupast 

in  clay ; 
though  crucll  Druth  hath  now  dow*  bro^jbt  tUis  6orfy 

w'  heritf  doth  ly, 
yet  trrimp  nf  F>nut  Stay  can  be  naught  to  Sound  hia 

pn.i-'      ;    *  ■  ■!:. 

Qui  v^Tsum  orebro  relitimtm  memoreris 

Ml  -ium  tutjuc  cadaver  cris." 

W.  1),  SWEETINO. 

This  divine  was  Prior  of  Guisbura  Abbey,  Arch- 
deacon of  Kottingham,  Provost  of  Rotheram 
College,  and  in  1059  ''  Suffragan  Bishop  of  the 
See  of  Hull/' 

(^hieen  Elizabeth,  by  ktlew  poXcuV  *m  Ocit  atstts^^ 

t  then  into  the  Abbervo  was  placed  ns  I  wiah 
Southwcirke  coil'd  where  i(  doth  Ly  Saint  Jiatji 







and  third  years  of  her  reign,  granted  him  sepamte 
licences  to  found  a  grammar  school  at  Tyddeswell 
(Tidej<well),  Derbyshire,  and  a  fn^inmnr  school  and 
ahnahouse  at  Guisburn  (Guisboroiigh),  N.  R.,  cov 
York.     He  died  Miiy  5,  1579, 

IL  M.  Vane. 
£*toii  Place,  S,W. 

He  died  in  1579.  A  fine  brass,  with  i\  bio- 
grapliical  memoir  of  hini,  remains  at  Tideswellj 
and  a  full  account  will  he  found  in  the  Cambridge 
Cumtien  Societj^a  Ilhutratioiu  of  Monumeniut 
liraaa^  p*  19.     There  are  no  anus  on  the  bmss. 

C.  E.  Mann  I  Nt  J. 

Diis  lUctory. 

After  (^hieen  Elizabeth  begun  her  reis^i,  Ihe 
Oath  of  Suprenwcy  was  offered  to  him,  but,  refus- 
ing' to  take  it,  he  was  deprived  of  his  ardideaconry 
and  other  spiritualities.  He  retired  to  Tideswell, 
where  be  founded  the  Gmrnmar  School,  and  there 
died  in  157[>.  For  further  pnrticulars  see  Wood's 
AihoKT,  G.  W.  Nailer. 

Alderlcy  Edge. 

See  Brett's  »SwJffaffan  BiihoiJt,  p.  61.  Wharton 
identifiea  this  binhop— Brett  does  not,  p,  67 — with 
one  Robert  Silvester,  who  is  called  abo  Bishop  of 
Hull  and  Archdeacon  of  Nottin<;haui.  But  Le 
Neve  calls  Archdeacon  Silvester  William, 

a  F,  S.  Warren,  M.A, 


The  Society  of  Friends  (6*^  S.  iv.  479.)— The 
Society  of  Friends  have  no  official  publication  to 
record  or  report  their  meetings,  except  at  the 
close  of  their  annual  or  yearly  meeting,  when  an 
abiitruct  of  the  minuteit  and  proceedings  of  that 
meeting  is  pubUshed  for  the  use  of  the  members 
generally.  The  periodicals  devoted  to  tJie  Society, 
in  which  the  reports  of  the  meetings^  and  other 
information  of  interest  to  the  members,  will  be 
found,  are  as  follows  : — 

1.  The  Friend,  puhlishcd  monthly  tri  LoriJon. 

2.  Tho  Briti*Ii  Friend,  publislte-J  monthly  in  Glujgow. 
3-  Tlie  Monthly  Record,  published  in  Birmingham, 

4.  The  Frlcnda'  Quarterly  Examiner,  pubhslicd  in 

Any  of  these  periodicals  may  be  obtained  at 
Samuel  Harris's,  bookseller,  5,  BiahopBgate  Street 
Without,  who  ha.s  also  the  care  of  the  pubHeations 
belonging  to  the  Friends'  Tract  Associatiun.  There 
iH  also  published  and  edited  by  Joseph  Smith,  2, 
Oxford  Street,  Whitechapel,  in  2  vols*  8vo.,  1867: 

"A  De'crijitite  Ctttalojyue  of  Friends'  Books,  or  Boots 
Writti-n  tiv  the  Society  of  Frienda,  commonly  called 
i^uakerij,  from  their  first  Rise  to  the  present  Time,"  kc. 

This  work  also  contains  biograpbicAl  notices  and 
other  information  of  a  trustworthy  character,  col- 
lected and  arranged  with  much  care  and  industry 
by  the  compiler  and  editor. 

to  doctrinal  and  other  works  circulated  in  the 

Society,  if  Ethelberta  will  favour  me  with  her 
iiddresa,  I  will  send  her  by  *'  Parcel*'  Delivery  "  or 
otherwise,  as  she  may  direct,  a  copy  of  each  of  the 
smaller  editions  of  Barchiy'a  Apology  and  Bates's 
Doctrines  of  Fritnf^s,  both  of  which  are  aathoriy^ 
expositions  of  the  principles  of  the  Society  of 
Friends,  I  would  aJso  enclose  with  the  above  a 
catalogue  of  the  Friends'  Library  of  Devonshire 
House  Meeting,  8^),  Houndsditch,  these  books, 
under  certain  reguhitions^  beintr  lent  to  individuals 
not  in  membership  with  us.  Of  period iails  in  the 
interest  of  the  Society  of  Friends  in  America,  the 
oldest,  and  most  conservative  of  the  original  prin- 
ciples and  pmctices  of  the  Society,  is  The  Frtendf 
a  Ediffioiu  and  Lit&ranj  Journal,  publtflhed 
weekly  in  Philadelphia,  and  sold  by  an  agent  In 
London.  This  periodicit!  has  been  in  existence 
nearly  half  a  century ;  the  London  magazine* 
about  thirty-five  yeitrs.  Should  Etrklhehta  re- 
quire any  further  information,  I  will  endeavour  to 
supply  it.  John  Hickes. 

12,  Biihopsgafce  Street  Without. 

Swearing  oy  the  Honys  at  Higkgatk  (!•*  S* 
iii,  342  ;  iv.  84  ;  xl  409,)— I  desire  to  know  what 
reprcBentations  there  are  of  the  above,  except  the 
folio wing»  copies  of  which  I  possess : — 

1.  *' Swearing  at  Highgate."  InMription  coding,  "So 
h«lp  you,  Billy  BrKikin,  Turn  round  and  fulfill  tout 
Oath.  Publiflhcd  12th  Sepr.,  17D6|  by  Laurie  &  Whittle, 
53.  Fleet  Street,  London:'* 

2.  "  Woodward,  det.  Craickshanlr,  scnlp.  Swearinc 
at  Uigbgate.  London  :  Publiahod  by  Alien  is,  W«ft,  l^ 
Pftterttoeter  Bow,  Auut.  27,  limr 

3.  *'R.  Crtiikshank,  del,     White,  bc. 

Johntiy  the  maid  for  the  miatress  refuted, 
Because  he*d  been  dworn  at  Ui^bgate, 
By  the  moiutrOuB  hums  at  Highgate." 
Followed  by  "The  moniitruiLn  homa  at  Hi/hgate,**  tbre* 
itanz&a,  apparently  from  a  liook.     Query,  WKatt 

4.  "  Swcaririfi^  on  the  liorus  at  llijghgate,  from  HoDt'l 
Erery-Day  Book." 
Hone  says  : — 

"  Anciently  th«re  wai  a  register  kept  at  the  Oaie-hooMr] 
wherein  pcrsoua  enrolled  tbeir  names  when  sworn  tberSf 
but  the  book  unnccnuntably  disappeared  many  yean  aiO^ 
Query,  Is  it  in  Mr.  Upcott'i  collection  of  autographs  Tr 

Can  any  of  your  readers  inform  me  of  the  present 
whereabouts  of  this  book,  or  of  any  account  of  the  • 
oath  except  that  given  by  Hone  1 

I  should  much  like  to  purchase  or  see  copy 
print  representing^  the  above  published  by  Carnng" 
ton  Bowles,  St,  Paul's  Churchyard,  iibout  the  endj 
of  last  ccnturj'.  Gkorqe  Pottkr. 

42,  Grove  Road,  Holloway. 

"  Serbokian  hog  "  (S***  8.  iv.  328.)— Milton  evi- 
dently adopted  from  Biodoms  Siculus  the  notion  of  ^ 
"  armies  whole  sunk  in  the  S^erbonian  bog  "  : — 

'•There  k  a  lake/'  ob'iervefl  that  author,   "between] 
Ccelo-Syria  and   Egypt,  very  narrow  but   exceedingly 

deep,  called  Serbon compared  round  with  vast  beapff^ 

of  sand,  great  quantities  of  which  are  ddlted  into  tht 
lake  by  the  continued  aouthem  wiad«,  a&d  so  coTcr  tlie 





tt  resamtkles  (imJ  *  -^i- 

m)  ilt7  land;  th*. 
irCljf  of  th$  tjifit,  hr  i/' 

together  with  wUvU  uty>Ua." 

\*T(itv    Tyjv    iS<o-i/Trt    TO? 

statemeut  of  Diodorus, 

laatd  Orafcia  roendnx 
Listoriii"  {*^'af.  x.  175), 

BnrtentoBa   Gra^oorum   mentlacLi '* 

lih,  TV?,  c.  ix.  an  inBtunce  U  given 

^0  lake  of  a  portion  only  of 

(Artoxerxea  III.)  against 

lu  i.(*t  native  Kin;;  of  E^jytit,  the 

of  which  cxp€dition   Rii^nauy  ful- 

•^•cy  of  Ezeklel  (xxx.  KVu  "  There 

0  a  prince  of  the  land  of  K;^7pt," 

vent  abo\-e  minied  is  narrated  by 

tbeie  words : — 

n%  ifaTutrnJcra?  S'cttj,  rijv  a€yd\i}V 
.ifTTi  ra  ituXoviKi'a  fidpa^pa, 


icollected   %\\   )i1«  foi-ces,  marched 
rbati  he  ciLiiie  to  th«  Great  Lake, 
irfttbi*a,  throuj^h  iicnorance  of  the 
of  kii  force  in  th«  bogs." 


<^dition  of  MiltoD's  Fatadm  Lmt^ 
<r  note  on  ihia  passage  : — 

a  lake  of  300  furlongs  in  length,  and 
,  betweoQ  the  ancient  mountain  Cajiitii 
dty  of  Egypt'  <^  *>rie  of  the  more 
>f  the  Kile.  It  waa  iurraunded  on  all 
io«  Band,  i»hicL,  carried  into  tidewater 
cened  the  lake  a»  not  to  be  di«- 
of  the  continerit,  nhere  whole 
ralloweJ  up.  Read  Herodotua, 
»Aar*tt/.  TilL  :*3!),  &c/' 

O.  W.  Napier. 

is  oelehfAted   in  history  for 
^«f  at  least  the  pnrti&l  destruction 
D  B.C-  350,  when  Darius  Ochui'  v  as 
_  ftormiDg  of  Sidon,  to  -Ejcypt,  in 
lAlitbarity  of  Pcma  in  tbnt  kipedom. 
bit  probably  exnggerated  the  serious 

Eniltilation  of  the  invading  hust/'— 

Edward  Peacock. 

THK  Ford  and  Hickitan 
;.  L  3H,  112,  249.)— Since  my  last 
on  the  above  subject  I  have  founul 
Joseph  Ford  and  Jane  Ford,  liis 
m  described  us  of  Oldawinford,  in 
~  li^tp  Mrs.  Ford's  will,  which 
\v9d  at  Wor- 

cester  in  the  following  montii,  contains  an  inte- 
resting allusion  to  Dr.  Johnson's  parents  which 
clearly  establishes  the  relationship.  She  desires 
lier  son  CorQeliua  to  pay  to  her  brother-in-law, 
Michael  Johnson,  and  his  wife,  or  their  trustees, 
"the  2<Xi?.  directed  by  his  late  dear  father's  will 
to  be  paid  to  me  in  lieu  of  auch  moneys  na  my  late 
hnsband  received  in  trust  for  iny  said  brother 
Johnson  and  his  wife.** 

I  liave  not  yet  ascertained  the  parentage  of  Mrs. 
Ford.  She  mentions  her  sister,  Joice  Ward,  and 
her  nieces,  Ann  Hunt  and  Mary  Withers.  Nor 
have  I  discovered  the  baptismal  name  of  Mrs. 
Johnson's  father ;  hut  I  nm  inclined  to  identify 
the  latter  with  Cornelius  Ford  of  Kinjjsnorton,  co. 
Worcester,  who  in  16(j7  was  ''overseer"  of  Uie 
will  of  John  Brettell  of  Kidder  mi  nKter.  It  aeeui9 
now  quite  clear  that  "Parson  Ford"  was  not 
Cornelius*,  the  son  of  Dr.  Joseph  ;  for  Mrs.  Ford 
leaves  the  residue  of  her  estate,  real  and  personal, 
to  her  son  Cornelius,  and  request*^  him  to  "con- 
tinue a  friend  and  father  to  my  family."  She 
also  appoints  him  sole  executor  of  her  will  \  and 
no  doubt  he  was  the  Cornelius  Ford  who  was 
buried  rtt  Oldswinford,  Bee.  Id,  1734. 

Dr.  Ford  mentions  three  brothers  in  his  will, 
Cornelius,  Samuel,  and  Nathaniel  ;  also  a  sister, 
Mrs.  Elizabeth  Bowyer  (to  whom  he  leaves  ^40^.). 
To  Ph<i'be,  the  d;mghter  of  his  brother  Cornelius, 
he  leaves  certain  property,  and  desires  his  brothec 
Nathaniel  to  be  her  fjuardian,  although  her  father 
was  then  alive,  I  think  the  "  parson  "  must  have 
heen  a  Bon  of  Nathaniel,  and  that  it  was  with 
Cornelius  (h.  1693,  oh.  1734),  the  aon  of  Joseph, 
that  Johnson  resided,  when  at  school  at  Stour- 
bridge in  1724. 

One  of  your  correspondents  communicated  with 
me  privately  soon  after  the  appeamnce  of  my  for- 
mer note,  calling  my  attention  to  a  passage  in  Sip 
John  Hawkins's  Life,  of  JohmoiK  in  which  it  is 
stated  that  upon  Johnson's  leavinir  the  Universitv 
"he  went  home  to  the  hou!*o  of  his  fntbert  which 
he  found  so  nearly  filled  with  relatives,  that  is  to 
say,  the  maiden  sisters  of  his  mother  and  couain 
Cornelius  Ford,  whom  his  father,  on  the  dencease 
of  their  brother  in  the  summer  of  1731,  had  takeft 
to  board,  that  it  would  scarce  receive  him."  This, 
as  my  correBi>ondeiit  remarks,  is  far  from  clear. 
Does  it  mean  "  the  maiden  sisters  of  his  mother, 
and  thoae  of  his  cousin  Cornelius"?  And  was 
the  penon  who  died  in  1731  the  brother  of  Mrs. 
Johnson  or  of  the  sisters  of  Cornelius  ?  I  find  in 
the  Oldswinford  recjistera  the  burial  of  "Nathiniel 
Ford,  Dec.  25,  1731/'  who,  I  suppose,  is  the 
brother  in  fjueation,  thoujjh  he  could  not  have' 
dieii  in  the  summer.  A  "  Mr,  Nathaniel  Forde"^ 
was  also  buried  there,  July  4,  172i>. 

Mrs.  Ford  mentions,  amon^' others, her  "dau%lit« 

Acton  '' ;  and  Dr,  Ford  mei\li<iTv%  \v\s  ^^  ?^tl-W\»w  , 

iVf.    Clement    ActoW     Tbe   \fiAY    ^aa  ^\3at^^ 




daasht^r  of  Mrs,  FonI  by  her  first  husband,  Gre- 
gory Hickman  ;  and  it  wtu  her  daughter  Mary  to 
^bom  tlie  Rev.  Walter  Hickman  refers  as  hla 
^  kiti«woiiuio  and  affianced  bride." 

I  may  aa  wall  here  mention  that  the  proieot 
Hickmoiu  an  descended  from  Gregory  (son  of  the 
aboTe  Gr«^fy)  by  his  oecond  wife,  ELixiabeih  Iaw, 
bio  fin»t  wife  having  been  (it  will  be  remembered) 
the  widow  of  his  cousin,  Richard  Hickman,  and 
the  mother  of  Mra.  Turtoa.  I  ahall  be  greatly 
obli^'tMJ  to  any  correspondent  who  can  itate  the 
parojaUgie  of  "  Parson  Fonl/' 

H<  Stdtset  Grazebrook. 


PoKTs  TH«  Masters  of  Lajjoc age  (4"»  S.  xL 
110;  5»*  S,  iv,  431,  491.)— I  have  not  only  read 
Max  Mtiller,  but  have  bestowed  on  him  more 
vuirtfin^liii  than  on  moat  books  on  my  shelves  ; 
and  I  wholly  differ  from  him  in  his  theory  that 
lanf^uaiie  ia  a  ph\fiu>il  Kience.  The  matertolifim 
which  i«  now  fashionable  cannot  endure  ;  and  the 
attempt  to  apply  Darwinism  to  language,  the 
vehicle  of  thought,  ia,  in  my  judgment,  a  complete 

W.  H.  remarks  tliat  "  not  even  a  Byron  could 
€flt*ct  niich  a  mdical  alteration  aa  the  conversion  of 
a  tmnaitivi*  verb  into  an  intransitive  one,  abcays 
ynmdBd  that  there  he  no  latent  ccii»\c\ty  of  cJiangc 
emttinff  in  Ou  woTtL"  U  not  the  phrase  I  italiciae 
a  pHitM  yrineipiif  Haa  not  every  word  that 
capacity,  patent  rather  thiui  latent  I  When  Virgil 
naed  the  intmnsitive  verb  tremUco  transitively 
{JEmeid^  in.  646),  is  it  not  probable  that  Rome 
aoc«^pted  the  innovation  7 

I  ojiree  with  W.  H.  that  man  may  be,  and 
indeed  ip,  the  fornuil,  but  cannot  be  the  efficient, 
can  "'  liitc^e.  It  ia  only  a  part  of  a  wider 
tfii'  tu  is  not  the  primal  cause  of  anything 

— tln»u-!i  I  bold  man  to  bo  the  final  cause  of  afi 

••Who,"  rwka  W.  H.,  "would  be  considered 
ijicn^xible  of  being  entrusted  with  this  power  /"— 
the  »>oicrr  of  chan'j'"  "  '  '""'ifige.  As  well  oak  who 
ahall  be  I'utrutlcil  war  of  leading  armies, 

of  making  discover:       . iiiiatry  or  aatronomy,  of 

"  Wielding  at  will  m  fierce  dcmocratie." 

The  complete  answer  to  W.  H.  is  that  great 
writer*  mM  speakers  do  cJiange  the  force  of  words. 
**  When  Geoeral  Wolfe  first  used  the  eiprcsaion 
•choice  of  ditrKultieV  which  was  contradiction, 
choice  then  meiming  voluntary  election,  he  made 
those  to  whom  he  wrote  see  his  position  with  much 
more  etleot  llmu  could  have  been  produced  a  second 
time  by  the  same  words"  (De  Morgan,  Umihk 
Aljfthnt,  p.  9(1,  n.).  In  a  similar  manner  Earl 
Russell  h»iJ9  widened  the  meaning  of  the  word 
"  connpicuous,"  and  has  made  a  person  or  thing 
"  conspicuous  by  absence/'  Makrocheir. 

Arabella  Fitzjamks  {'y^  8.  iv.  488,) — ^Thii 
bdy  was  Arabella  Churchill,  eldest  ehUd  of  Sir 
Winston  Churchill,  and  sister  of  the  great  Duke 
of  Marlborough.  She  was  at  one  time  a  £svouied 
mistress  of  King  James  IL  when  he  was  Duke  of 
York,  and  assumed  the  name  of  i  -      She 

was  the  mother  of  fou r  ch ildren—  i  ;  icits, 

the  Duke  of  Berwick  ;  Henn,-  Fir  ^  trie  Grsod 

Prior  of  France;  Henrietta  1   ;  -^,  afterwaids 

Lady  Woldegrave  ;  and  Eliza  bttii  Fiujanies,  who 
became  a  nan. 

Arabella  Fitzjanies,  having  been  Iop-  "— »  i^««? 
by  the  Duke,  was  living  in  comparati' 
when  he  came  to  the  throne.  Coxe,  /. 
borough,  1818,  I  p.  34,  states  tha 
Revolution  she  was  in  receipt  of  a  p**  t 
Tri.4h  establishment.     She  then  i 

Charles  Godfrey,  who,  through  tl;  r 

brother  (then  Earl  of  Marlbowu:^  -i 

Keeper  of  the  Jewels  in  the  1  .''. 

Go<Ifrey  she  bad  two  danghterr,  the  tdder  d 
which.  Chariot,  married  Viscount  F'almouth,  snd 
died  in  1754. 

In  Chalmers's  Bio.  Diety  under  the  head  of 
**  Churchil),  Sir  W.,"  there  is  a  short  notin  of  diii 
lady,  in  which  occurs  a  most  remariatbls  error. 
The  author  rightly  mentions  the  four  chSldren  of 
Amhella  Churchill  (or  Fitzjames),  but  describe 
the  fourth  thus  :— "  The  youngest  daughter  wa*  i 
nun^  but  afterwarda  married  Colonel  Godliney,  by 
whom  she  had  two  daughters."  Tha  sentoaif 
ought  to  have  been  :— *'  The  youngest  d; 
was  a  nun.  Arabella  Chnrchill  afterwards  1 1  _ 
Colonel  Godfrey,*'  &c,  Edward  Sou.1 

In  the  Necrology  of  the  English   Ben 
Liidies  of  PontoLse,  her  obituary  notice  is 
corded  : — ''  Marv  Ignatia  Fit/james,  da 
James  IL  and  Sirs.  Churchill     Profi 
died    November    7,    17tU,  aged    30." 
obituary  notice  is  of  Agnes  Arthur, 
Sir  Pun i el  Arthur^^  of  Ireland,  and  of 
Smith  of  Crabett,  in  Sussex  ;  died  1765 
The  lady  abbe^  at  the  time   of  Ara 
jnraci^'*  ttrst  residence  at  Pontoise  war  the 
Anne   Neville,  daughter  of  Henry,  Lord 
gavenny,  and  Lady  Mury  Sackville,  daugl 
Thomas,  iirst  Earl  of  Dorset. 

Mr.  Hilton  Price  will  find  a  detailed 
of  the   community   in   Uerahi    and  Genta^ 
vol    iii.   p.    G6,  &c.      He  would  confer  a 
oblij^ation  by  stating  how  this  paper  Gime  into. 
posse!^sion,  as  it  might  give  a  clue  to  the  fate' 
others  which  have  been  anxiously  sought  foT- 
vain.  Teu) 

Under  the  heading  of  "  Fitzjames,"  I  find 
James  Fitzjames  was  a  natural  son  of  the 
of  York,  afterwarda  James,  King  of  England, 
in   1671  at  Molines,  to  which  place  his  mol 




Anbclla  CbnxcMlt  sUter  of  the  great  Pake  of 
MArlborotigb,  M  joameyed*  H.  S. 

"Cjlrfkt  K^iGifT"  (6*  S.  iv.  428.)— The 
fexnroHMan  ''carpet  knight^'  may  be  found  in 
MSxrmiim^  iod  I  suppose  corresponds  to  *'  feafcher- 

.•re-tUTn'd  jointo  nnd  atr«DKth  of  limb 
J  htm  t»  carpet  iKt^ht  ho  trim, 
H jl  in  ekitm  fight  &  chiimpion  grim, 
la  e«Bif«  mTttader  mge. " 

Canto  i.  stanza  5. 

The  allitsion  is,  of  corniie,  to  Lord  ManuioD. 

John  Pickford,  M.A* 
Xnvbottrtie  ftectory,  Woodbridgf . 

■^  •  ri^gin  of  thU  expresaioa  hiw  been  tmced  to 
ireefr :  in  the  first  pLice  it  applied  to  one 
wuo  tnud  \ftitn  knighted  at  CVmrt  by  favour,  ini 
diBtiiiipiifthed  from  another  who  had  gained  the 
^QII0ur  J-  'V  ' '  "-^^  ■••Tjance  of  aonie  deed,  military' 
or  oUi'  atitled  hira  to,  or  in  return 

for  wLiv^. .^. . . .   J,  the  dignity  of  u  knighthood  ; 

■od  ia  Uie  aecond  pbce  it  was  used  in  the  case  of 
kvjm,  nuiyora,  and  other  civilians,  who  were 
invambfr  knighted  kneelinff  upon  a  carpet. 

Sw  Bandle  Holnaeft's  Atademy  of  Armoury ^  iii. 
■i*  ;— 

**  All  andi  m  liftTtt  atiuiled  Ltw,  Physic,  or  any  other 
Ifti  sad  Scieti(^r4,  whereby  ihcj  have  becoiDe  famuii*,, 
...  ^Jtf  H  b«  the  Kmg's  plciiHuro  to  kniglit  auj  «uch 
ifHetins  they  kro  not  kijlj^hted  as  i;oldiert,  thcj 
l)liir«lore  to  tue  the  Horseman 'a  Title  or  Spun  : 
'MVVUj  t^rmM  simply  m>t4$  abd  mililgji,  Knight  or 
'of'  or  Knight*  of  the  Green  Cloth, 

I  thute  Knight«  that  are  dabbed 

ItJC-  JtlUtil,  ' 

C.  F.  8.  Wareejt,  M.A. 

*Tnw  Sc^fTTUsn  House  of  Roobr*'  (5*^  S.  iv. 
35ft.) — Hog«r,  Rtdph,  and  Hugh  nijiy  have 
Wn  mtmes  fn  \t^  among  the  Normans,  but  the 
firtl  two  art  id  the  last  u  of  Dutch 

:;iLr  was  originally  Play- 
ierived  from  a  river  Phiy  ; 
Hi,  n  atream,  which  id  liable 
'jl^  r/i,  pH :  thus  rivera  named 
lay,  Ijer,  Lee,  Cl;«y,  Gl»y,  and  Play  would  be 
ftj^anlfjgiculJy  the  hhiuc  ;  jimt  as  iim,  would  become 
Coa,  GUo,  add  Flan.  But  there  la  an  inverse  of 
(^  tMXn€«  V.  c  Fairplay,  which,  as  a  Gothic  or  a 
Sbao-Ssxoo  compound,  would  tmnslate  "  sheep 
or  nwadow."  like  the  afumame  Farley,  and 
tl»e  locji  I  light,  in  Sus.-ex/   Hul- 

L>  fr^rn  <»  '  ;*,  noble  warrior  (oonf. 

Adal*  n,  Uerwui).     Bodgei  or  Roger  ia 

tbt  I.  ih^  0.0.   Radiger    (inverse    of 

GaiBki:  -several  ways.  Thus 

^    ,  -^  liahed  in  counsel/^ 

onAn,    If 

k^  it  vit- 

^SU#  the  ion: 

or  "  jiowerfuJ  councillor  "  ;  rat-ger,  "  a  war  cotm- 
cillor."     Wachter  variously  rendera — 

'*  Hat,  consilium,  conciliuiu,  senatus,  consiliariiis,  con- 
suitor;  ^ctr,  tclum.  tctuj  ot  totalitcr,  f^ratus.  perfectua  ^ 
fftr,  telum,  missile,  bellutn,  uIIdj.  aponte,  Ubcntur,  aiuaa- 
ter,  gratanter,  ex  animo*  cupidus,  cupitlti,  studioius, 
diligenter;  and  md,  dto,  OQterit«r,  oelor,  ftlacor." 

R,  S.  CnARjiocK. 


MoRGA^f's  System  of  Cunsanucinitt  {h^^  S. 
iv.  405.) — Under  this  he.iding  Mr.  Gommk  has 
Home  remurks  on  the  use  formerly  niade  of  "  ne- 
phew ^  and  "niece  "  to  indicate  other  rehttionshipa 
tliun  aimply  that  of  brother's  or  sister's  chUd.  An 
instance  of  this  occurs  in  the  epitjiph  in  Bolsover 
Chtirch,  Derbyshire,  to  the  memory  of  Sir  Charles 
Cavendish,  who  died  in  1617  :^ 

"  Ckarlii  Cavendish  to  hit  Soiit. 
Sonnet,  seek  not  me  nmong  these  polished  stones. 
Those  only  hide  part  of  my  flesh  and  bonei; 
Which  did  they  here  so  neat  or  proudly  dwell. 
Will  atl  be  dust,  and  may  not  make  me  swell. 
Let  such  as  have  out!iY*d  all  praise 
Trust  in  the  tombs  their  carelul  friends  do  ralss: 
i  mode  my  life  my  monument,  and  youn«, 
To  which  there  'a  no  material  that  endures; 
Jior  ycti»»criptiori  like  it.     Write  but  that, 
And  teacho  your  nephews  it  to  emulate; 
It  will  he  matter  loud  enough  to  tell 
Mot  when  I  died,  but  how  I  lir'd.  Farewell." 
As  we  have  nephew  and  niece  from  the  Latin 
ntposy  our  present  refltricted  use  of  the  words  is 
a  narrowing  of  their  original  signification, 

St.  SwiTiiiK. 

"Braxglk"  (5«»  S.  iv.  405.)— A  hrangU^  in 
the  diidect  of  Lindsey,  si^'nifie«  anything  confused 
or  entangled.  A  man  said  to  me,  within  the  liiat 
few  days,  talking  on  drainage  matters,  ".  .  .  . 
gotten  his  sen  into  a  strange  hranglc  about  Ran 
Dyke,  an'  there  '11  be  some  brass  spent  afore  he  *a 
gotten  his  sen  otit  ageiin,  Fm  thinkin*."  He  meant 
that  the  person  whose  name  is  here  indicated  by 
dots  had  become  entangled  in  a  serious  and  com* 
plex  matter  with  regard  to  drainage  rights,  and 
that  lawsuits  were  impending.        K.  P.  D.  £. 

Shaktwo  Hands  (5»»«  S.  iv,  487.)— In  England, 
down  to  the  reign  of  Charles  IL  or  a  little  hiter, 
the  kiss  wns  the  common  greeting  to  friends  and 
strangers  alike,  and  shaking  haods  wns  a  mark  of 
close  intiinacy  or  high  favour.  In  the  Diary  of 
Anne,  Coiintesa  of  Pembroke  (why  does  not  the 
Camden  Society  publish  it?),  her  ladyship  thinks 
the  fact  of  her  shaking  hund.s  with  any  one  worth 
noting.  The  kiss  for  greeting  was  not  the  rule 
on  the  Continent  in  Henry  VII.'s  time,  for  Erasmus, 
who  then  visited  England,  was  much  amused  by 
being  kissed  on  iUl  sides.  When  the  kiss  went  out 
as  the  usual  greeting,  the  stately,  diBt^int  bow  took 
its  place.  When  hand-ahakiog  beciime  common  I 
do  not  know  ;  I  suspect  not  very  long  since. 





Calctes  (5*  S.  iv.  405,  471.)— The  word  caku 
h  no  doubt  the  same  sa  cattsiy^  in  which  form  it  is 
ftiLI  in  common  u»e  on  the  Borders  to  signify  a 
■narrow  way  either  in  town  or  country,  and  not 
jnerely  a  paved  road  or  chaustic^  tLs  commonly  atip- 
posed.  But  instead  of  u  Latin  etymon,  Scotch 
philologist  A  (as  i^ibbald  and  Jamieson)  derive  it, 
with  more  probability,  from  the  Teutonic  kassU^ 
kav^j€f  kauhiji^^via  ttnttOj  the  liquid  I  being  in- 
iierted  for  the  sake  of  euphony  when  it  occurs  in 
medmjvftl  law  Latin,  as  in  some  Scottish  Acts  of 
"Parliament,  or  in  poetry.  TbnA  Sir  David  Lind- 
Miy  :— 

*'  M&k  jour  abboitis  of  rigbte  rtligioaa  men. 
And  not  ,...,.. 
Of  Aiiiay  pBikerii  nor  of  publii^ni," 

In  common  parlance  the  word  is  still  pronounced 
hereabonta  exOrCtty  according  to  its  normoJ  fonn, 
quaii  caul,  easifaj,  causey.  At  the  Bristol  meeting 
of  the  British  Association  in  August  la&tu  the  Ber. 
J.  Eiirle  (editor  of  the  Hkt^ton  0trotiim)  read  a 
paper  in  the  Biological  Section  "On  the  Ethno- 
graphy of  Scotland/*  in  which  he  showed,  from  the 
Gt  proportion  of  Nor^e  words  occumag  In  Low- 
Scotch,  that  the  popuktion  between  the  Forth 
and  the  Humber  partook  lai^iy  of  a  ScandlnaTian 
origin.  This  will  aocounfe  Ratisfoctorily  for  the 
preserration  of  the  word  in  ita  unaltened  form  to 
the  present  day,  W.  E, 

Concerning  the  connection  of  chavstie  with  caX- 
eeaia,  made  with  lime,  Littr^  remarks  ; — 

**Ja  cbaai8<^e  est  aurtout  une  lev^*  de  terne  ou  )a 
•eliailt  n'antre  pu  ■  lUul  rt.ut  il  mieujc  prendre  ealcigiiutj 
chMiuae,  pull  foti1£,  sens  qui  u  troiiTa  en  eflet  dans  le 
bw>Uttn  (tdj.  Bu  Ciuife,C4Uciare)  de  wrte  que  la  chftunee 
Kftmit  1&  Um  foul6e,  prottet." 

St.  S within, 

SiK  KOBEBT  Km  POBTZR  (5**  S.  iv.  370.)— Hts 
only  dttiightcr  married,  about  the  year  1837,  a  M, 
Kifcine,  a  military  man,  not  belonging  to  the  titled 
nobility,  but  holding  rank,^  am  all  Ruaabn  gentle- 
men do,  accortHng  to  position  in  the  Government 
sendee*  M,  and  Madame  Kik^ie  were  both 
liTiDg  two  or  three  years  ago  on  hiB  estates  near 
Moscow,  and  probably  are  bo  atiU*  They  have  no 
chQdren  of  their  own,  but  have  adopted  one  or 
two.  Sir  R  Porter  had  a  brother  who  died  some 
years  ago,  I  think  at  Bath,  where  ho  resided.  I 
"believe  he  wag  not  married,  and  I  know  of  no 
other  relatives  of  the  name^  B.  V.  H. 

"  The  Htstort  of  Living  Mmt,"  &e.  (5**  S.  ir, 
42fl.)— By  John  Dunton,  See  "N.  &  Q"  2«a  S. 
iv,  336.  J.  O. 

AncHDiucoNs'  Sbals  (5*  S.  ir.  327,  35S,  378, 
3B1.)— I  hare  before  me  at  this  moment  the  beati- 
tiful  seal  of  William  of  Wykeham,  ai  Archdeacon 
of  Lincoln,  from  which  the  engraving  wm  made 
for  tha  Wineheater  Boofi  of  the  Aichjvological 

Institute,  repeiited  in  Mr.  It  Wakott'a  William 
of  [Vykdmm  attd  hi*  CoUt^cs^  and  also  in  Byiho|) 
Charles  Words  wo  rth^s  CtyUcgc  €>/ Ht.  Mary  Wintcn. 
It  ]&  a  very  poor  representation  ;  for,  though  the 
Quperseription  is  even  more  worn  away  than  'whm 
it  was  engmred,  the  word  "  lincolnie  "  ia  dcMcr 
still  than  in  the  ec^ving. 

There  is  a  remarLkble  interest  attaching  to  tliis 
seal,  OS  contmdicting  the  "Beport  of  Rdbeit 
Glover,  Somerset  Hendd,  to  Lord  Treasurer  Bnf» 
leJgb,  concerning  the  dispute  between  Sir  Riduud 
Fiennes  and  Humphrey  Wickham,  Esq.,  djil«d 
March,  1572/'  referred  to  in  Lowth^a  I^fs  vf 
Wijkehant,  p,  10.     Glover  there  aaya  ; — 

"The  tnid  BIshoppe  bare  hit  anas  divenily  &t  two 
Rdndry  tjmet,  &a  tbe  s«a.!s  ther«df  abi'ived  by  Sir  Elehard 
Fjnei  tettify.  Before  he  wilb  Biftbopp<^,  when  a«  jft 
be  wu  bat  Archdeacon  of  Lincotne^  he  maXtd  but  «itJi 
Hdne  cbeTfiron  ia  his  anneft  between  three  rawt*;  bst 
afe«r,  when  he  waa  advuictd  to  tfao  Bivbopprteke,  be 
■Mied  witb  two  cb«irercini  between  three  ro#e« :  aod  m 
u-  i^enerallj  knowa  to  thii  di^y  to  bo  liis  witUout  ooacrs- 

In  this  s^,  however,  w^e  have  tbe  twochev* 
ronek,  or  double  chevron,  when  he  was  still  nn' 
doubtedly  ArchdeaooiL  C.  W.  BotOHAX. 

I  have  before  me  an  impression  of  Oardiml 
Wolsey's  seal  when  Archdeacon  of  Northaroptoit. 
It  is  not  hersldic.  The  mscriptton  is  :^**  gkil- 
lam  .  Thoma;  .  Wobey  ,  B,T.P,  .  Archidiooni. 
Northampton^^  It  Is  bom  tbe  collection  of  the 
late  Sir  H.  Kllis,  and  at  the  service  of  the  Arch- 
deacon of  Oakham.  John  Hirst,  Job. 


EnSCOPAI.  ADnRE8«IBB  AT  CoNriRMATioir  (5^ 
S.  iv-  249,  374,  39<>,  417,  430,  474,  49ii.)—Soii» 
English  Churchmen  may  be  interested  to  know 
that  Archbtahop  Whately,  who  came  to  Dublin  in 
1B31,  immediately  began  tbe  practice  of  add  retting 
the  young  people  extempore  before  admimst^ring 
the  rite.  He  always  continued  to  do  so,  and  also 
insisted  that  the  catechumens  should  join  in  the 
Holy  Communion  immediately  afler  on  the  mmt 
day.  This  was  by  some  thought  objectionaWi, 
and  waa  found  practically  inconvenient  by  aU—it 
leaat  in  the  city  churches,  where  the  numbeiB 
were  usually  very  great.  His  Grace  always  aiped 
the  tickets  presented  at  the  mils,  and  hadum 
returfled  witn  a  request  that  they  should  be  pre- 
served, and  attached  inside  the  covers  of  the  Bibles 
or  Prayer  Books  as  remembrancers  of  the  fiiat 
communion,  S,  T.  P, 

Ancient  Irish  Crossks  (fi**»  S.  iv.  349,  473.)— 
What  a  pity  it  is  that  words  are  used  io  often 
in  a  non-natural  seose  J  "  Eunic  "  means  hearing 
I^unic  kUtrSj  but  it  is  often  unhappily  employed) 
as  I  Buppo^  by  GftSTSTiii.,  for  beaTtng  mak$  <w- 
nanunU  or  other  winding  or  interlnced  decorations. 
Ko  reaUy  Hunic  cron  exists  In  Ireland.    The  -only 

^•8.V.  Ja»,  1,7<1] 



o(^«o(  as  yet  §mad  m  that  countty  bearing  Runes 
tt  »  f^ngmeat  of  a  »word<belt,  dug  up  at  Greea- 
moa&t,ln  LostL  For  iU  diacovtry  we  bive  to 
th&nk  the  Ad  of  Major-Gen*  J.  H.  Lefroy,  now 
GoTextior  ti  llie  Bcniitidas  (see  Journal  of  tfu 
Arth,  ImtlituU,  London,  1870,  and  Jouni,  of  tht 
Rcy.  SUL  mmd  Ar<h€£oL  Auoc  of  Ireland^  April, 
1671,  1^  471-502).  Perhaps  GREy&TEiL  may 
J^Y«  hiin.  iknkixig  of  the  lale  of  Man,  which  hus 
nr  Banic  cro«e=s  &Cv       George  Stephens. 

^ten,  Denm&rk. 

Chajll«b  Clark  of  Totham,  Essex  (5*^  S. 
iv,  4&4f  62L} — For  reference  to  his  publicationB 
iee  the  Bwikdhook  of  Fictitious  Xames,  pp.  29^  44, 
lOlr  tad  197.  I  hope  that  the  personal  appli- 
otioa  win  he  more  succeasful  than  in  my  own 
ctiae,  hot  I  doubt  it.  The  modesty  of  authors— 
wlio  joitit  far  publicity  t — is  ancoDquerable. 

OLritAn  Hamst. 

SSy  Xkrag^tj  Street,  Mf.C. 

Clacdk  Amtavd  (6^  S.  iv,  348,  307,  477,)— 
As  it  U  ftlways  desirable  to  have  accuracy  enforced 
in  the  pages  of  ^'  N.  &  Q.,"  may  I  be  rdlowed  to 
itale  that  I  beliere  one  or  two  errors  have  crept 
ialo  nij  Article  »t  the  hint  named  reference,  and  for 
tke^eOirecticQ  I  am  indebted  to  a  friendly  letter 
ivethw)  on  the  subject  i  The  writer,  an  old  con- 
talPBtar  to  your  ootumnn,  mentions  that  Sir 
dandliM  Aniyftud,  the  eminent  surgeon,  h^d  three 
mna — George,  Claude,  and  Thomas,  George,  the 
dde»t  BOO,  iAra»  created  a  baron et,  died  in  17(>6, 
mi  WM  tuooeeded  by  hia  i*on,  who  married  Miss 
GonewAn,  afid  took  her  family  name  ;  Claude, 
dit  MBond  son,  as  he  h  distinctly  called  both  in 
tSmt  fSitdAun  into  college  at*  Westminster  in  1732 
tod  to  Oxford  in  1736^  peems  after  hia  father's 
<iitlfato  have  heeii  (Ville<i  Claiitiius^aDd  died  issue- 
Imp  la  1774  ;  Thomiw,  the  third  son,  wa«  Rector 
of  Bomblcdon  and  Fauley,  married  Frances Kyder, 
and  left  only  three  daughters.  It  will  easily  be 
Men  bom  the  above  etatement  how  I  run  into  the 
CBirof  inppoffing  that  there  were  two  brother*, 
40e  tamed  Ctandeand  the  other  Claud  iusAniyand. 
B«t  why  the  ttltenitiou  of  the  Christian  name  wiia 
mtd6,  or  wlukt  renAon  could  jnatify  the  chanj^e,  is 
Ml  m  apparent.  Jons?  Pickpord,  M.A. 

Sfvboanto  Bcdory,  Woodbridge. 

AUtmni  fKatfrnoTuutm^ruef  is  wrong  in  styling 
tktmoi  tm  the  second  son  of  Hlr  Claudius  Amyand. 
&  &tlifT  never  wsii*  a  Uronet.  The  baronetcy 
wa»  Dot  ntil  1764,  and  his  father  died  in 

1740L  only    three    sons — 1,    George, 

ocsled  a  Uuuaet  ;  2,  Cbndius,  the  person  a«ked 
rbo  nurried  in  17G!  ;  3,  Thomaa,  a  clergi^- 
"  tliree  daughlem 

Chables  Hawkinb. 


Wat0ianaMmintes,  edition  1S52,  pp.  301  and 

Le  Neve'b  "  Fasti  "  (5**  S.  iv.  47ri,  492.)— I 
think  your  correspondents'  reijinrks  on  Sir  Thomas 
Duffus  Hardy's  edition  of  the  Fasti  Bcdeaiir. 
AntjlicanfT.  very  unfair.  It  is  a  work  I  am  in  the 
habit  of  constantly  using,  and,  after  very  frequently 
testing  the  statements  made  therein,  I  have  come 
to  the  conclusion  that  it  is  one  of  the  most  accu- 
rate books  I  have  ever  used.  Of  course,  there  are 
errors  in  it.  Does  any  one  who  has  had  experi- 
ence in  compilation  think  it  possible  that  such  a 
book  could  be  so  made  as  to  be  free  from  mis  takes? 
The  wonder  to  me  is  that  they  are  so  very  few. 
Edward  Peacock. 

Botteiford  Manor,  Brigg. 

Heraldic  (5**»  S.  iv.  388,  436.) -The  subject  is 
treated,  and  appropriately  illustnUcd,  in  Mr. 
Bouteli's  English  Heraldry^  London,  18C7,  p.  173, 

J.  Ma>'uel. 


'H%  (5t^  S.  iv.  443,  494.)— I  cannot  agree  with 
Mr.  Tew  that  Jelf.^  Greet  Grammar  or  Liddell 
and  Scott '»  LcAcon  contains  a  satisfactory  Recount 
of  the  adverb  vj^i/,  If  he  reads  the  urticle  on  this 
word  in  the  former,  he  will  find  a  vngue  uncer- 
tainty running  through  the  whole  explanation  ; 
and,  in  the  latter,  no  gtiimtil  root-meaning  of  the 
word  is  attempted.  Aa  yet,  therefore,  I  still 
adhere  to  my  original  statement.  But  it  is  also 
plain,  from  the  nature  of  the  case,  that  the  accounts 
given  of  this  word  have  not  been  satisfnctory.  Else 
how  would  Mr.  Tew  explain  the  fact  that  my  first 
o notation  was  so  wronglv  translated  by  the  famous 
Cambridge  scholajr,  and  met  with  such  general 
approhatiOD?  Liddell  and  Scott's  Ltruon  and 
Jelfs  Gredt  Chramjaat  were  even  then  in  the  hands 
of  the  public. 

Since  the  appearance  of  our  article  in  "  N.  &  Q*" 
I  have  had  a  letter  from  Prof.  Blackic,  of  Edin- 
burgh, in  which  he  accepts  our  explanation  as 
correct,  implying,  at  the  siune  time,  that  he  had 
been  unable  up  to  that  time  to  Hod  imy  adequate 
solution  of  the  word.  And  yet  I  should  think 
that  Prot  Blackie  possesses  copies  both  of  Liddell 
and  Scott's  Lcncon  and  of  Jelf's  Greek  (rmmm/ir. 

He  also  further  iilustr.ited  our  view  from  the 
etymology  of  the  word,  supposing  it  to  be  an 
emphatic  form  of  ot;,  just  as  y  /iv)v  is  an  emphatic 
form  of  /ji>ii .  Hence,  he  very  truly  remarks,  tjShj 
must  imply  commnmation  or  cubnination. 

I  should  hardly  have  troubled  to  make  this 
reply  had  it  not  been  that  I  wish  to  enter  my 
protest  against  the  d^ndivt  spirit  with  which 
grammars  and  lexicons  are  generally  so  deeply 
imbued  ;  a  spirit  which  is  so  contmry  to  tliis 
inductive  age,  RobVs  Latin  Grammar  is  a  re- 
markable exception ;  but  aa  yet  no  Greek  grammar 
of  corresponding  exocllence  has  appeared. 




(5»  a.  V.  Jxs.  I.  78. 


"Teetotal"  (b^  S.  iv.  429.)^!  hare  heard 
Uiis  word  and  "  ti^totaUy "  used  by  Lancashife 
people  befofti  tbe  daja  of  the  TempemBce  more- 
iiient.  At  this  diatiince  of  time,  I  reniembef  per- 
90118  who  httbitually  used  the«c  wordfi,  and  the 
prefix  seemed  to  me  to  b«  intended  to  mid  force  to 
"  total "  and  **  totaUy."  Ellcee. 


I  ani  sure  that  I  used  to  hear  this,  as  a  kind  of 
iDleDsificiilion  of  **  total,"  before  it  w»h  applied  to 
abstinence  from  strong  drinlc  But  I  iiaw,  about 
forty  years  a^o,  a  copper  medal,  halfpenny  size, 
bearing  the  *'  ima|;e  and  superscription  **  of  a  cer- 
tain workman  (whose  name  I  forget),  with  the 
a<iditJon»  "  inventor  of  the  word  teetotal."  It  was 
strtick,  I  believe,  at  Birmingham.  S,  T.  P. 

WiLLiAsf,  TniRD  Earl  of  Pembroke,  of  the 
IIkrhert  FAiriLT  (b^  S,  iv,  487.)— I  am  aorry 
thai  I  cannot  r(ive  Tyko  the  dote  of  nmrringe  for 
which  he  ask$,  but  I  can  supply  him  with  the  dates 
of  death  of  thia  Earl's  two  wives,  and  perhaps  these 
may  assifit  him  in  his  inquiries. 

Aiuie  Parr,  iinit  wife,  died  at  Eaynard's  Castle^ 
Feb.  SO)  1552,  and  wa:i  buried  in  St.  Payrs 

Anne  Talbot,  second  wife,  died  May  IG,  1676 
(sor^'ivio^  her  husband),  and  vma  buried  in  SaMa- 
bury  Cathedral.  Hermkntrude. 


NOTES  ON  BOOKS,  fco. 

The  Life  of  Jonatluin  StrifL    By  John  Forskr. 

Vol.1.  1067-1711.  (John  Murray.) 
The  great  bio}Tniphy  of  this  seawon,  1875-1876,  is, 
nadoubtcdly,  Swiftn  life  by  Mr.  Forster.  No 
book  of  the  same  cIjws  has  been  8o  impatiently 
waited  for,  or  hna  been  ao  long  stimulitiDg  ex- 
pectation. At  lenj;jth  it  is  in  the  liands  of  the 
£ublie,  and  theij  will  uncjuestionably  find  that  they 
ave  lofll  nothing  bj*  having  been  kept  waiting. 
The  readers  of  "  N,  &  Q."  need  not  to  be  t^ld  how 
great  ia  the  curiosity  with  regard  to  kSwift*  \m 
aaying^,  his  doings,  his  thoughts,  and  his  designs. 
Our  ( Jonend  Indexes  bear  witness  to  this  fact  in 
their  numerous  entries  under  the  word  "  Swift '" ; 
and  this  oqIv  reflects  a  wider  general  curiosity  on 
the  part  of  the  public  to  be  more  closely  and  ac- 
curately acquainted  with  a  great  man  who  has 
suffered  by  miarepreaentation^  whose  errors  have 
been  exaggerated^  and  whose  virtues  have  been 
denied.  Mr.  Forstera  biogniphy  (taking  the  first 
Toltune  as  a  guarantee  fur  the  two  that  are  to  fol- 
low) will  gratify  the  curiosity  to  which  we  have 
alluded  ;  or,  ruther  thun  curiosity,  we  should, 
perhaps,  say  s^j/mpaUiy,  for  there  hnR  never  been 
waatiog  sympathy  for  the  Dean,  even  on  the  side 


of  those  who  are  his  advermries  in  reference  lo 
social  and  political  matters.    The  reason  thereof 
is  to  bo  found  in  the  circumstance  that,  in  the 
light  of  transcendent  ability,  the  human  fttil:' -^ 
of  the  man  disappear  ;  just  as  with  the  man  \ym 
is  found  worthy  of  being  acknowledged  as  a 
limely  inspired  poet,  under  the  touch  of  divii 
inspiration,  the  shortcomings  of  hia  humanity 
matters  with  which  w©  no  longer  concern  onrseli 
It  may  be  that  Mr.  Forster  has  a  too  highly  heai 
measure  of  affection  for  his  hero,  aa  is  the 
with  miiny  biographers ;  but  the  volumes  to  o 
will  show  if  be  had  not  warrant  sufficient  for 
love  which  abounds  in  thia  first  instalment, 
must  be  confessed,  too,  that  5Ir.  Forster  has 
the  threads  of  a  complicated  storj-  so  well  in 
and  such  a  grasp  of  his  important  subject^i 
render  gainsjiying  of  the  testimony  he  addi 
favour  of  his  illustrious  client  a  very  difficult 
indeed.     It  is  impossible  to  conceive  a  story  m< 
carefully,  elaboratelv,  and  minutely  worked 
far  aa  this  first  volume  carries  it.    The  spl 
portniit,  which  serves  as  a  noble  frontispi 
from  the  original  picture  bj'  Jervas  :  and 
give  a  favourable  opinion   of  the  powers 
Ihsh  artist,  who  also  painted  the  portraits  of*! 
and  Addison,  to  those  who  have  been  preja( 
against  him  by  the  malic*  of  critics  and  the  bat* 
aism  of  Knelier.     From  this  portrait,  t    *'     '•'^* 
page  of  the  volume,  the  interest  ia  m\ 
auatained.     Ever}*  chapter  adds  sot"  ♦' 
proviously  garnered  knowledge,    ■ 
tome  long  entertained  error.   Of  tb 
yean   of  Swift's    life,  this  volume   nn 
struggles,  joys,  and  sorrows  of  the  first  • 
Thus  the  greater  portion  is  told,  but  by  tar  the 
more  romantic  portion  awaits  the  telling. 

En^lUh  BiMtoryfor  the  Uu  of  Public  SchcoU,  Bj 
Rev.  J.  Franck  Bright,  M.A.,  Fellow  of  Uni- 
versity   College,    and    Historical    Lecturer    in 
Balliol,  Kew,  and  University  Colleges,  Oxfr^rd  ; 
late   Master  of  the   Modern  School  in  Marl* 
borough  College.  Period  I.  Mediaeval  Monarchy* 
Mr.  Bright,  who  followed  his  old  head-masttt 
from  Marlborough  to  Oxford,  and  has  there  he- 
come  a  very   popular  historical  lecturer,    write* 
directly  for  our  old  friends,**  the  boys,"  with  \\  hose 
requirements  he  in  necessarily  well  acquaintcil.   li 
is,  of  course,  imposaible  to  avoid  making 
comparison  between  his  book  and  Mr.  Gr» 
though  both  the  scope  of  the  two  authors,  and 
their  mode  of  treating  their  subject,  difi"er  con- 
siderably.  Mr.  Green,  as  has  been  already  iKiinted 
out  in  these  columns,  professes  to  write,  not  a 
School  History  of  Engtand^  but  a  History  of  the 
English  People.     Mr.  Bright,  at  the  request  of 
an  aaaembly  of  Public  School  masters,  undertook 
what  he  intended  to  be  a  "  useful  book  for  school 




a  want  felt  by  those  who 

Mr  Bright  hii»  been  to 
distinct  periods,  which  are 
aepar&t€  voluiues  ;   and,  if  we 
mt  aright,  each  periud  ia  to  V>c 
and    purch^isable    sep:imtely, 
od,  exteadioyf  from  the  depar- 
to  Boaworth  Field,  is  bow  bc- 
hunds  of  a  nuister  who  knows 
Middle  Ages  it  will  be  a  usef\U 
tmrrative  ia  clejir  and  concise, 
udeftd  plans  and  mnps.     We 
Uiat  wc  fully  catch  the  meaning 
of  (gamboge  which  are  diHtri- 
of  Eogknd  and  Wales^  1006- 
m  their  prevailing  Largely  ia 
,  and  Wales,  wc  ii^-^iimc  they 
Hi  the  predoDiinance  of  the 
the  population  of  the  dktrici* 
it  would  have  been  better  to 
in  a  note.     We  are  sorry  to 
t's  part,  an  occaiSional  care- 
Lerminology^  which  seem^  to 
not  thoroughly  gntspcd  the 
vol  history.    He  seems  sui- 
'  appeals  to  the  jadraienl; 
rt  q{  international  arbitra- 
t,  and   often  valuable, 
pie  ^liddle  Age^  ;  and 
Sigismund's  success  in 
lete   sopreraocy  of  the 
man  Empire  "  to  the  *' activity  and 

at  *  ili- 

m    L^  . :....    .......ty" 

VD  of  little  avail.  But  Mr.  i5rit;ht'rt 
,  flnifihed,  and  we  shulJ  look  forwivrd 
I  kb  next  roliime. 

"Briefly  oonsiJered  a?  Jlcvcaling 
mit  of  Mum*n  Nature.  By  Atidrew 
Edition.  (Loo{^»n«  ^V  Co  ) 
I,  indeed,  developed  in  thia  volume.  The 
ta^  of  tJ*t  Offerintjt  in  Lrttticuji  i*fa,r 
n^  hi*  rendrrs.  Those  aciiuatnted  with 
na  iti  wnter  here  reproduciik^  bk  for- 
originaJity  of  thoagbc.  A  niyitic  vein, 
fthall  be  found  running  thronghoiit  ibis 
but  the  ore  u  sometifnep,  it  mutt  bo 
lite  to  tlic  grit  of  fancy,  Conceilmi?  the 
0ji(irr,vr  n.^i)  Hod  tbftt  tbe  things  of  the 
ived,  there  still  reni«rn 
uon.  In  placci  a  morn], 
d  a(<pTO{in6ter,  is  fjrced  from  the  sacred 
hmm^  too,  ha,rd]y  carry  oflF,  in  the  Pre- 
Iu«  %u  UitTTTi ;  for^  if  their  own  idcaa  and 
iin  them  were  omitted  in 
'.vould  far  from  reach  its 
«uc  iD«rtt«,  however,  Kr«'&tly  out- 
of  thought  and  allegorical 
_  •flMUtof  Adaaj,  represented  by 
tflOW  IBAek  careful  sCady,  and  open  t 

Wide  field  of  meditation.  No  nne  esn  read  the  book 
without  feeling  itratefnl  for  beinv;  no  much  instructed, 
not  only  in  the  types  of  fJenrsir,  but  in  naany  collateral 
portion*  of  Scripture. 


"  T1)e  glowing  portraits  fresh  from  life  that  bring 
lioiae  to   thn   licart   the    truth*  from   whence  ihey 
spriaft, "  kc. 

'*  Xear,  n  very  n^  to  God, 
Nearer  I  cannot  be ; 
For  in  the  person  of  his  Son 
I  am  as  near  ai  he,"  &c. 

"  Tlie  spring  retttmi ;  but  not  to  me  return 
The  veriuit  ioya  my  better  years  hare  known*" 

I),  A.  D. 
••  Oh  thst  the  armies  indeed  were  arrayed,  oh,  joy  of  the 
onset ! 
Scrand,  thoti  trumpet  of  <Jod  I  come  forth,  great  eanae, 

to  array  Ui  J 
Kin^;  and  Leader,  Appear  !  thy  soldien  sorrowing  leek 

a  M. 
**  Deep  Blighted  in  inlelllKeueea, 

IdeuH,  lit^niis,  iii<lui;nceii." 
"  Now  voices  orcr  voices  vise. 
Wit  I'  1.0  tho  IptvrDed*st  viea ; 

Nut  .  rtic! OH  t>r  matter 

lu  ci  iiitde such  a  clatter ; 

And  Miidai  now  eoneludoe  hie  speeches 
With  AS£c«'  ears  and- — ,"* 

8.  D.  L. 
*'  Eiae^  Jupiter^  and  snuff  the  moon.** 

T.  J. 
"  IlMrd  is  the  seaboy'a  fAte* 
His  openini;   hoitra  d<:uicd  the  shelter  of   pateroal 
bowers,"  kc. 

A  CoNjtTAsrr  SmscaiBta. 
"  Sitting  ....  by  the  jKiisoned  uprinps  of  Ufe, 
Watting  for  the  morrow  which  shal)  free  ui  from  the 

T.  W.  C. 
*'  £xig«  itaque  a  loe,  nou  ut  gptimi«  par  sim,  sed  ui 
mjdLs  melior." 

J.  H. 

"  If  Heaven  be  plexscd  when  ainnera  ceaic  to  lill, 
If  Hell  be  pleased  when  ffinnem  enter  in. 
If  Earth  be  pleaaed  whene'er  ahe  low  a  knave. 
Then  mII  are  pleased  since  Bonuer  's  in  bis  grave," 

A  C.  *). 
"  Children  we  are  all 
Of  one  great  Father,  in  whatever  clime 
His  Providence  hath  ciwt  tlto  ^vf^^  of  life. 
All  tongues,  all  colours  !     Nciti>er  after  death 
Shall  we  be  aortcd  into  laii^uagos.*' 

"  Beaatiful  ialaads  !  whore  the  grrren 
\f  hich  nature  wears  waa  never  seen 
'Ncatb  lone  of  Europe  ;  where  the  hue 
Of  Hen  and  heaven  in  such  a  blue 
Afe  England  dreams  nut/' 

*'  And  every  hcdffe  and  copue  is  bright 
With  the  quick  Aretly's  pUyful  light. 
Like  thousands  of  the  sparlcUni^  gems 
Which  blaze  on  Eastern  diadems." 





"  Cftn  tbe  eartii  vrheTct  tlie  harrow  14  dnTen 
The  shenf  of  the  furrow  foresee  f 
Or  thou  guc«  the  b arrest  for  he^veu 
Wbere  iron  hits  entered  in  the©  !** 
These  lines  were  <)uoted  br  the  late  Lord  Lyttott  in  his 
paper  on  The  I*Jiutnc*  <J Love  upon  Littratwt  and  Reai 
Lift.  Asov. 

0Dt(fei  t0  CorrftfjiaiiQriitf . 

Oh  nil  communicutiona  ahould  be  writteu  the  name  *nd 
ikd({reaa  of  the  sender,  notoeoeasarily  for  publication,  but 
M  a  guarantee  of  good  fiatb. 

"  AiLEKN  AiiooK  "  :  "  RoBlK  Ai>AiB-'*— On  tliii  matter 
tbe  renly  to  J.  T.*a  query  from  Pockliaglon  ifl  tbat  tbe 
air,  called  by  both  nainei,  ia  said  to  hnre  been  compoied, 
with  tbe  original  worde^,  by  an  Insh  knight,  O'Daly, 
who  carried  off  "  Ellen  the  fair  "  tn  much  tbe  » 
■tyle  aa  Locbinvnr  did  Aii  fair  Ellen  of  Netherby  Hall. 
To  the  old  Irish  air  Kcreral  Kta  of  worda  Lkto  been 
written,  among  them  Moore's  "  Erin,  the  tear  and  the  tmile 
in  thine  e^es."  But  the  name  Kobin  Adair  was  one  of 
an  Ixiflh  hrm  of  wiiie-merchanta— Aldridge,  Adair,  k 
Butler.  Mr,  Aduir  (on  ancestor,  it  is  «aid»  of  Viscount 
Mole?worth)  went  to  Foxhall  (Connaugbt)  to  collect 
money  long  due.  Ail  tlmt  be  got  was  a  song  from  bis 
boMt,  to  the  air  of  "  Aileen  Aroon/*  part  of  which  was  to 
tbis  cifect  :— 

"  Welcome  to  Foxliall,  sweet  Robin  Adair, 
Welcome^  &g. 
Uow  does  Tom  Butler  doi 
And  Jemmy  Aldridge,  tool 
Wliy  didn't  they  come  with  you! 

Robin  Adair  I '' 
Tlie  words  became  known,  and  were  universally  aung. 
and  when  freftb  words  to  the  old  air  were  written  for 
Braham  to  aing,  the  tHJctical  name  of  tbe  Irish  wine- 
mercbaut  wt^  retainecC  and  0om« thing  more  than  half  a 
century  ago  tbe  higbwaya  were  harmonious  with  the 
Iftokadaiaical  complaining  of^ 

•*  What  'a  tliia  dull  town  to  me  ^ 

llijbia  AdAir  ! 
What  sbould  I  wish  to  see  t 

Robin  Adair !  *' 
ViULVCSacA  asks  for  inHmnation  about  Tetnplo  Emmet 
lot  contained  in  tbe  following  works,  viz.,  Madden'a  Lives 
|«*u£  Timet  Of  tht  Unitvd  Jtiukmnt:  Orattan't  Life,  by  hii 
Mton ;  Curran  and  his  Contauporaries,  by  Charles  Phil- 
jlips  ;  and  Tl<e  Imperial  Diclionary  of  Vmverml  Bioffra- 
Iphy.  Fiu>cRgCA  adds  :— "  T.  Emmet's  life,  though  very 
■burt,  was  so  brilliant  that  it  seems  poa&ible  and  probable 
"lat  much  inforniation  regarding  Inm  still  exists  unpub- 

Wut  Mil.  F.  0.  Stephkks,  who  in  *'  N.  &  Q  ,"  Oct.  10, 
1,1875,  answered  a  question  of  Epchuoxjii,  say  whether 
[iftrnd  if  so,  when)  a  i^ninting  of  the  same  artist,  Henry 
'Thompson— "  Three  Children  and  a  Live  Robin"— was 
exhibited!  F,  H. 

0.  E— There  is  a  well-condensed  account  of  the  Lin- 
colnshire hero,  Captain  John  Smith,  tl)e  founder  of 
rVirginin,  in  Catcs's  Dictiunary  0/  Gtmr&l  Bia^rttj^hi/, 
Bora  in  167t»,  be  died  in  1631.  Hia  scrviccfi  in  JElungiiry 
are  referred  to  in  the  abore  account, 

F.  P.  B.— To  thretiten  to  De-Wit  a  person  wiw,  in 
leventeentb  century  s]angt  to  threnten  lo  treat  bim  as 
^e  great  John  De  Wit  and  bis  brother  Cornelius  were 
'treated  by  a  l>utcb  mob  in  l"i7-,  by  which  mob  they 
were  barbarously  murdered. 

W.  P.  P.— See  Pope'fl  translation  of  the  Odyiuif,  xr. 
£3;  al»ohi6  Humid  Uniirt,  bk.  ii.  line  llfO.    For  answer 

to  the   «e«ond   cjuory.  see  Sbak&peare'a  Fint  Ptot 
Htnry  VI. f  Act  ii.  so.  4. 

TKNPLAn  aslu  to  be  referred  to  an  article  on  Cba 
books  tbat  apTieared  some  yeara  a^o  in  one  of  the  cbii 

W-  T»  M.— Plutapcb'a  detcription  was  referred  to  by 
our  lamented  correapondent  Ciuttkildkoog  in  "N.  &  Q., 
4"'  S.  vi.  16. 

W.  S.  T.— Both  wftys;  but  the  spelling  followed  by  tbe 
Tivus  it  tbe  more  old-faahioned. 

Vera  ("  The  Keya  of  Peter  "')  10  requeated  to  forwirf 
her  name  and  addreoai. 

T.  F.  had  better  send  oa  the  Terses,  if  he  poeaesMt 

a  copy, 

W.  G.  D.  FtETCHKR.— We  will  forward  a  prepaid 

J.  N*  6.— The  paper  named  luia  not  reached  "X.  k  Q.' 

Editorial  Oommunications  abould  be  addressed  to  *Tlt« 
Editor  of  *  Notes  and  Queries ' " — Advertiaementa  and 
Buftineaa  Letters  to  *'  The  Publisher  "—at  tbe  Office,  20, 
Wellington  Street,  Straridf  London^  W.C. 

We  beg  leave  to  state  that  we  decline  to  return  cei 
municationa  which ^  for  any  reason,  we  do  not  print ; 
to  tbit  nUe  we  can  make  no  exception, 

NOTES  AND  QUERIES.— Wanted  to  Porcrai 

h<  flTtfu  l)j  JOHN  FRAXCrS.  9:1,  Wellioston  StrMt,  Stmad. 

WANTED  to  PURCHASE,  Notes  AifD 
i^UEKIES,  Not.  n.  17a,  IBIt,  ftnd  Index  to  Vot  W, 
THIItD  hERIKH.  One  SbtlllDC  eiih  wiU  be  Rltreti  hj  JOItlf 
FttA NCI."). »^.  Welliiiftim  Stnet,  ^tniuL 

SEBRE3  BOOKS  and  PAMPHLETS  Wakted,— 
Tht  Boak ;  or,  Pro«Ts»tlaAted  Utraotn,  I4mo.  ISl*— Mmioln  «f 
J.  T.  Serre*,  >t«ribe  f'lkijitef,  Sro.  lllS6-l»0cuinent«  t«  pruve  Mm 
f*em»  tlif  Lefritltnfttel^ttghttfrciftjie  Pnkiof  CMiiilitflufn!,  n.  'jnsrta 

ibrti  mot  datrd),  l^«»-raoiir  a  Lcitcr  to  tha  E»rl  of  w _ 

Jpia-LctltT  m  Lord  Cftitler«ii«L.  HSIO- Ei«y  on  iW  TrJiBity.  »8W— 
Etny  in   Fftvour  or  tht   nukn  of  York.- WI1<L1AM  J.    TllOlU. 

4fl.  St.  ueanrcB S[itt»re.K.w. 



ANTED,  by  a  Young  Man,  a  SitDATioN  where 

ftix  Vm,n*  Ent^rifiiM  iun  larse  KablLtbing  Uouw.  at  Qeocnl 

Book-liMper.  and  I'urrvFpoudfUt,  would  lie  of  scrvleB.    Veit 

nrerenee*.-Ai»pir  te  X,  ¥.  Z,.  llcan.  Adhou  k  FruioM,  B9«  rv«c» 

WORKS  on  TOT  SNUPF,    &e.— Book- 

Hllert  h»Ti;Qff  Hi'  .  Hdu)T.  iLt.,  or  MM'Mioci, 

.lournili,  or  NrvipapcrK  o^.  i  : .  h  ou  tbetatoKt.  fct*  tarttM 

ti)  Tfpori  lucb  ti>  tt»#  '.iHice  ui  i.-uj/a  tuBAOUO  i'LAKT,  10,  L«id 
Nibon  Street,  LlvcrpooL 




,r»7i    I   II  i  .1  I  I  , 

ANCIS    &    CO, 

•  It  m  ,  ftDdTLj.j.k\ 
I  I  KS  kud  rii(«r  Int-i  ^ 
*.  and  LlTJi<M;RAPUk 

Orcti*  mnd  poit  free, 

BOOKS.^CATALOGUE,  No.   1,  Just  Ready. 
nFulM)  IIANU  lloOKN,  Inoludiiift  Switt'e  Norclt.  Is 
FfuultirBkru'M   IJrM*<.  in   th«  OrlxIbAl   I'art*.  lar/f  p»p«r— Le 
Fl'iwer  Uooka.cumplrlr— MumnljrFy»'ii  ItoTlji  luid  Aukt«r{ltM; 
nutnvroQft  cjrfra  IltU4trftt«d  Ifix^ks,  tn  ii«w  and  fl[|,«  liludtjEU^- 
JACKS^J.N,  101.  GrMt  Portland  Strwit.  LvM^iti,  W. 

P«rtrmltila  Volainci«r  t'oUeetloai  purobated. 

lOR.  Mob,  «crri»B*  piid  to  lioadon, 

RASTRIf  K'S  PLAN  of  LYNN   REGIS,  1725^ 
'    nhriMiorf  r*MtlflcfttioiJi,  Vir*»  f.f  Totm  fend  PuhUc  8iiildlnc«| 
UonilVlKliKK-.S    fLAN   of  NWUWICll.   mi*.     Both   perfect. 
It,  HLDXA H,  Ci'uatr  Cbdiaberi,  Euter. 



I^'JJfpi^J.  ^'^ATL'ITDA  1'  JAyCAHrf,  W*. 

CONTENTS,  — N*  106- 
VCynE9>-4tai  SiBofaape  nod  Lord  'M»tmilmft  "Cpltapli  nn 
■  r  ■  r ilil  u"  "T    n^  1  1't'  -  r — *  -  %t  Borne  mm\  EliewUere.  S2 

A  IM  «f  IfeacUilk  Word*  Ui«<t  bj  French  Wrilcn,  anil 

l»  UtU^'s  ^kfu^uFiuin.  2^  -  Pknllel  PossaRea— 
Epitcopekl  OinaecratioDs,  f!t-i-hrt»t. 
VMftSfer  vtth  Mr  I*ep7i— PftU<¥  *  f  tb«  K^rU  of  MercU  «i 
ITMHwiJ    Ifli  1^  HI  II  ■  I II  '■  Arms        "  '  it  Ion  in  Eiifrlani) 

Id  QH,''  as—"*  !■  thex«  mnyth  r  the  •un  ?  *— 

«C     &VtDiOB--S«I»W  L'ttAih    of    XiOff 

araUfli>-Ctect«diOQie-EplUph  iA  Cuh«|  Cathedral.  37 
Qukla   and  the    Do  Brftdrfortltic  —  >ftTimel 
t/tGminAy.  ct>.  Orkney,  IStuonet«  of  Nov* 
I7<l7.2!l^0ldiriilt  Hiikn— IiirlrAitof  <;!iln5' 
,toll*«to»iire-Helfry  Bulcs-Jojin  Holland -8hell.-y 
ttsrtnieie}-— 1«  the  Lite  of  B&rdaey  Id  GATDArTou- 
r  m  PisilMrafecttiire  ? -Cabinet  CoancU,  ^. 

■V  ■    "«-Jew«  in  Irelanil.  30-*' Sea- 

tkiwim  "Goda  ACre"-Tba  'IriMle 

tf    fWe^^'v      ^»—  \.^<j»iv  .   — Cbulos     Wilmot    &>«nr««,    a 
**imai«MMi  t^noa" — "Hard  Linea  "— Cnwley  and  Bar- 
1^  FlMBtlfa«.    34  — A  PuDoinK   Book  *  ruto  —  DwaiUioi 
B>U-Rln«eri'     Utoratare  —  Francli     Donglaa  — 
SlS — Ponnlt    of     Ueniy    Clarke,     LL.D,  — Mrt, 
fohn   of  Gatint':!  Coat,  3<t— I'oets   the  niuUrs 
h  — lU^ldom  of    WiKtooQ '    (;>-ll    bud   FletDyug 
!*•    RlybU  —  Atilhor    Wftiit«<i— Whipping 
4ini    of    Church,    37  —  Deao    Swift  -  The     Prinoea* 
iV*     ^-'  '    T»-     -^   I'      '    Uale-Slr    Richard   PhilUps 
~«p-f|^  WM  an  ap«'— Walkiag   on 

V>:.<  ^'~"A  nook  and  h*li  yard 

«flM«i   —    ^^i^,^,    '.i     X  .../    — " Clriers "— M«*tal Tolucco 

By  the  deatb  of  Lord   Stanhope    the  literary 

■-*  '^ne  of  its  brightest  ornaments,  and 

of  their  best  frifndf*.     Few  who 

ullv,  or  hnd  deiding*<  with  hrm, 

me  genial  or  kindly  trait. 

1  sties  was  the   promptitude 

he  uoMwered  correspondentd  even  on 

ct"i.     Hnving  had  octiiHion  to  cntre- 

lly  and  other W(io,  I  Mpeakon 

nence.     One  instance  occurs 

i   think    tmj  he   worth  a  note  in 

ing  his  lordahip^d  accoant  of  the  origin 
of  Sunday  achoob,  in  The  TUslory  of 
I  from  the  Paxct  of  Uiuch  i  lo  tfic  I'mce  a/ 
vol.  viL  pp.  333-4  (5th  e<i,  1H5S),  1 
on  Dct^ember  17,  1869,  to  aend  him  n 
'<BO^  <if  the  (Uiurchnmn')i  Shilling  Matftiunc  for 
Afff^tf  1&6^,  contiunin"^  an  article  of  my  own 
m&ktm.  "Who  WAS  the  Founder  of  Sunday 
T*  aa<l,  by  return  of  post,  I  received  a 
nod  enclosiUf^  of  whicb  the  following  are 

*'  Chevening.  Dec.  13  (1369]. 
**  t>tnr  Sir.— I  retom  to  you  many  thanks  far  yuur 

and  Article. 
"  You  bftve  c«Tt»m1j  succeeded  in  showing  that  the 

Her,  Mr  8tt>clc  had  at  tewt  a  very  prominent  shure,  if 
not  the  jprinoipikt,  in  the  foundation  oT  Suitd»y  Scliools. 

'*  Pcrnai,  B  in  rettiiTi  the  occoiiipMiymg  very  beautifol 
lines  niuy  not  he  unwelcomo  to  you.  Slucc  Lord  Muc- 
nulay'ii  d^ath  ttiey  have  br^on  published  with  acMne  other 
thiiigu,  but  dul  *ju»te  nccamtely. 

*'  I  reninin,  de&r  Btr,, 

•*  Your  very  obedient  nertnnt, 

'*S.  R.  Towti*heiid  Mayer,  Em\  ,  F.R.S.L." 
(Copy  of  enclosure  printed  on  half  a  sheet  of 
note  paper.) 


WUn  WAS  bom  in  Durham 
And  buried  at  Florence. 
(.\.s  written  out  lund  prcfented  t'»  me  by  the  author  nt 
A  tueetin;;  of   the   Trastee*  of   tlio    Britiab    Muncuro, 
May  »tb,  1847,  Mahuh.) 

To  my  true  King  I  offered,  puna  from  staiUj 
Courag*^  jiud  faith  ;  Tain  t"*ith,  und  courii>;e  vain. 
For  hirn  I  threw  laud*,  hourjur,%  wealth,  avrjiy. 
And  one  flweet  hope,  whicb  was  more  prixed  than  they. 
For  him  I  lanjjui'.hcHl  in  nn  alien  climo, 
Orcy  lift t red  vriih  norniw  in  my  mntihoodi  prime; 
Hear]  o»i  Lkvemia  Sctirgiirs  whispering  trees, 
And  pined  by  Arno  for  my  lovelier  Tees  ; 
Beheld  each  night  my  home  in  fevered  steep, 
Eiich  morning  started  from  the  dr>'am  to  weep ; 
Till  GovU  ^ihu  Mw  tiie  tried  too  forcly,  gnve 
The  rL'stin;^  pluce  I  itsked,  an  early  i^rravc. 
Ob  !  thi>u  whom  chance  le  id4  to  thin  namelesi  stone, 
From  the  proud  country  which  wmodcc  mine  own^ 
By  tboeo  white  clilTfl  I  never  more  must  uee, 
By  that  dear  langimgo  which  I  tpak«  like  thee, 
Ferget  all  feuds,  and  shed  one  English  te>ir 
O'er  Engltflb  du^t. — A  broken  heart  lies  here. 

T.  B,  Macaulay," 

The  lines  are  to  be  fbnnd  in  The  MisetUantws 
Writinff^  of  Lord  Mamulay^  vol.  ii.  p.  429  (Long- 
mtvnH,  IHHO),  but,  fts  Lord  St^mhope  says  in  hi& 
note  to  me,  they  are  ^ven  '*^  not  quite  nccurately." 
None  of  the  obituar)*  notices  of  Lord  Stiinhope 
thikt  I  have  seen  in  the  didly  paper>»  mentions  two 
little  volumes  that  I  believe  be  bud  a  grent  alfec- 
tion  for — Afww/ii'iJU^*,  first  and  second  series 
(Miimiy^  1863  and  1872).  The  tirst  seriea  pjwsed 
into  a  second  edition,  which  is  not  remarkable, 
seeing  that  it  comprised  sevend  important  original 
papers,  such  as  some  letters  of  Sir  Robert  Peel  on 
the  House  of  Lords  and  Sir  Robert  Walpole  ;  Me- 
moranda by  the  Duke  of  Weilinpfton  on  Marl* 
bontn^h  and  the  Retreat  from  Moscow ;  Lord 
Macj\ulay*8  Valentine  (1851)  to  the  present  Coun- 
tess of  Bcuuchamp  ;  the  origin  of  the  Whig  Co- 
InnpB,  bine  and  buif,  &c. ;  whlkt  the  second  nnd 
3  '    (ion  contuini?  a  curious  Ttulian  Memoir 

I  try  Wortley  MonUigu  ;  Correspondenco 
Willi  .>ir.  Ticknor  on  the  C;ise  of  Major  Andri!"  ; 
Corre^t^ndence  of  Mr,  Pitt  and  Earl  Temple  ; 
Canninjr's  Account  of  his  first  interview  with  Mr. 
Pitt  ;  Cofrespondence  with  HfiOam,  M.  do  Bis- 
mondt,  Prince  Louis  Napolecm  (Napoleoa  Ill-X 
Lord  Macaulay,  &c. 

Admirers  of  the  charming  sirapltcity  of  Lard 
Stan  hope's  epbtolary  fltyXe,  uiv^L  «\\  ^W  \wisjw  ^<fti 



[5*  S,  V.  JAJf.  8.  76. 

inteiiBe  ttiiereBt  he  took  in  hiBtorical  and  titerarjr 
matters,  feel  convinced  that  a  fund  of  valnaWe 
reaeiirch  and  origin^]  thought  lies  scattered  through 
hia  letters,  and  it  ia  to  be  hoped  that  before  long 
it  will  Bee  the  light  under  the  editorship  of  his  son 
and  heir,  the  present  e&rt. 

8,    R,   TOWKSHEKD  MaTEB, 
BichzDond,  Sorrcj. 

The  catacombs  at  Rome  have  been  hitherto 
viewed  with  great  interest,  principally  on  religious 
grounds ;  but  it  ia  believed  that,  for  the  other 
reaBons  now  to  be  ftsaigned,  they  have  not  been 
viewed  with  nearly  bo  much  interest  us  they  are 
entitled  to  be.  And  tbifi  greatly  increased  interest 
would  uDt  apply  to  the  catacoraba  at  Rome,  or 
elsewhere  in  italvj  alone,  but  wherever  they  exist. 
A»f  however^  the  historical  or  positive  proaf,  now  to 
be  founded  iipOD,  exists,  if  not  altogether  in  con- 
nexion with  the  Italian  catacnoibB,  at  leaat  t^  a 
much  greater  extent  than  in  connexion  with  those 
of  any  other  country,  our  attention  will  first  be 
more  particularly  directed  to  those  of  Italy. 

The  first  <iuestion  which  I  would  then  ask  is  this  : 
Are  not  the  Italian  catacombs  ancient  human 
dwellings,  which  dwellings,  in  point  of  fact,  had 
formed  what  may  be  termed  subterninean  towns  ? 
The  reaifona  Bhall  now  be  given  for  answering  thia 
queiition  in  the  affirmative. 

There  anciently  lived  in  Italy  a  people  who 
were  known  by  the  name  of  the  CiuHnerii.  It 
need  scarcely  be  said  that  the  0  in  Cimmerii 
would  be  pronounced  bard  at  the  time  referred  to. 
Now  it  is  matter  of  positive  history  that  the  Cim- 
merii  dwelt  "  in  subterraneis  domiciliis."  Further, 
the  Cimmerii  were  represented  by  the  Latin  poets 
118  dwelling  in  darkness,  "  Cimmerian  darkne«a  " 
was  anciently  proverbial.  This  darkness  haa 
grently  puzzled  commentators  ;  but,  if  it  be  viewed 
in  connexion  with  the  Cimmerians  dwelling  in 
what  are  now  termed  catacombs,  the  difficulty 
vanishes,  and  the  explanation  is  completely  and 
thoroughly  satisfactory. 

Cavea  of  natural  formation  were,  it  is  well 
known,  the  abodes  of  the  human  race  in  ancient 
times,  and,  in  certain  localities,  they  are  still 
used  for  that  purpose.  But  nalural  caves  were 
limited  in  number,  and  were  confined  to  particular 
localities.  When,  therefore,  mankind  increased  in 
these  localities,  if  they  were  still  to  dwell  in  csives, 
these  ii;»d  to  be  formed  arftifici«f/s' under  the  ground 
or  otherwise,  Thia  implied  the  careful  aelection 
of  proper  pbcea  for  the  formation  of  these  cave  or 
tinderground  dwellinjafg.  And  thei^e  underground 
dwellingft  had,  in  the  courae  of  time,  and  under 
favour;ible  circumatancea,  resulted  in  the  formation 
''  underground  towns,  the  remains  of  which  now 
•u  the  catacombs  of  Rome,  Paris,  Knd  elsewhere.  ] 

Accustomed    u  we    are    to    dwellings    above 
ground,  we  are  scArcely  prepareil  to  do  justice  to 
the  merits  of  underground  dwellings.      For  one 
important  things  their  temperature  would  be  very 
uniform  and  equal,  a  condition  of  easential  im- 
portance in  the  preservation  of  health  and  comfoi 
and  in  the  restoration  of  health.     It  is  now,  it 
understood,  a  fixed  point  in  medical  pnictice  t 
it  is  chierty  a  uniform,  and  not  so  much  a  hi 
tempemture  that  is  most  beneficial  for  consu 
tive  and  other  delicate  patients.      Uudergrou 
ianitaria^  judiciously  used,  might  be  of  udvan 
to  such  patients,  even  in  the  present  ihiy.    Und 
ground   dwellings,   properly   constructed   for 
purpose,  would  also   be  easily  defended   ngai 
hostile  attacks  in  very  ancient  tirac»»  a  matter 
transcendent  importance.     It  will  be  kept  in  vi 
that,   in  the  present  day,  a  very  large  jnirt  of 
populfition  live,  in  point  of  fact,  much  uuJergrou 
—  I  refer  to  our  miners,— and  that,  it  is  believed, 
under  far  more  unfavourable  circumstances  than 
the  ancient  Cimmerii  io  their  underground  habi- 
tations.    The  Cimmerii  would,  of  course,  walk 
about  and  labour  on  the  surface  of  the  earth  duriAg 
the  day. 

It  may  now  be  here  mentioned  that  it  is  stated 
that   c^itacombs   are   formed  generjdly  in  a  rock 
which  is  soft  and  easily  excavated,  such  a^ 
and  that   they  are  to  be  fmind  in  almost  • 
country  where  such  rocks  exist.     Oiito<omb»  ai^ 
to  be  found  not  only  in  Italy  and  France,  but 
Greece,  Asia  Minor,  Syria^  Egypt^  Porsin,  and 
other  countries  ;  and  they  have  also   been  found 
in  Peru  and  other  places  in  South  Amcricu.     It 
!«omewhat  Ringulnr,  however,   that  nn   catacoul 
have  been  found  in  the  United  King<lum,  at  I 
so  ftir  as  I  am  aware,  although  cave  und  und 
ground  dwellings  are  found  to  have  existed  to 
great  extent. 

It  is  not  disputed  that  the  catacombs  Wi 
ultimately  used  as  the  abodes  of  the  dead.  All 
now  maintain  is  that  originally  they  were  used 
the  abodes  of  the  living.  And,  in  confiruiation 
the  views  now  submitted,  I  would  quote  what 
stated  in  Chambers's  Cyclopitdia  regarding 
ruins— the  deeply  interesting  niinM--of  the  city 
Petra,  in  ancient  Iduraea,  It  is  there  stai 
that — 

"  All  alonp  the  ftcs  of  tho  rocky  wall  [forming 
ancient  town]  »re  rows  of  cave  tombi  hewn  out  of 
solid  lionp,  und  ornamented  with  fiiyadeB.  OrtginjUl 
th«j  were  probably  dwcllintca  of  the  li\i«g,  not  of  the 
d«?iid,  It  su|tpo»iition  justiBcd  by  an  examination  of  the 
interior  ;  but  wben  the  NAbatheani  built  the  cUjr  nropeTi, 
in  the  Iitt1«  biurin  of  the  hills,  they  were,  in  alllikelttior 
ttb.indonecJ^  nnd  tinen  £«t  apart  aa  the  family  ncputchi 
of  those  who  had  formerly  been  dwellers  in  tho  olaftt 

And  so,  in  like   manner,  when  the  Cimmerii. 
who  inhabited  the  cat^icombs,  ultimately  becai 
dwellers  on  tho  surface  of  the  earth,  the  cntacomi 






had  been,  in  tbs  oouise  of  iimef  converted  bto 

I  would  aobiul  that  *'  comb,"  the  third  syllable 
of  cAtacombi »  eoosecUd  with,  being  derived  from 
the  &nt  ^liftble  of,  the  niime  of  the  Cimmerii  ; 
jnch  tint  irlkble  beiog  found  in  various  forms 
^Tbe  Cimmeni  Jire  no  doubt  to  be  regarded  as  the 
chiJdi^n  of  Gomer,  the  son  of  Japheth,  tneDtioned 
in  G«e<^*  T.  2,  Our  Weliib  countomeD  still 
I'm"    *  t  he  Cjmry  or  Ciimry,  that  is,  the 

f  county  of  CaiitberkDd  takes  its  uie  origin.    The  Cirabri  (c=k), 

*i.  .  T7J  i  .,  i  .^fly  in  Roman  history,  were 
tht»  Bttiut  iiwi«r,  lite  race  had  other  names.  The 
Britiili  and  other  European  natioos  are,  to  a 
laxgc  adail,  their  descendaDts  ;  but  the  consi- 
dctvlMm  of  these  and  other  interesting  points 
mu«t  be  deferred.  Henry  Kilgoor. 


in   M 

tsrr;  ' 


AND   MI831.NG  IN   LITTRE'3  DIC- 

'  fiE. 

>an — "Oberon    [in    a    piciurt    by    Mr. 

^.    r>ir  »nn  costofDO  et  M  beHiite  grf-oo- 

>ani  dont  oa  n  pu  iidiuirer  dans 

viiUette«,  lo  fliaiernc   nntique  et 

UK   —  iii.    Gautier,    Lu    Btaux^Arit    ta 

vt  53.     PArii»  Al.  L^TjT  Frercs.  1857. 

— "  Si'^iaient  Us  p&»  aMurd^^  [the  AiDcrtcans, 

f     (if  a  war  A£ain«t  England]  egalement  de 

irt,  par  Irur^  crruseura,  par  leuri  corsalres, 

ierco  maritime  de  TAnglo- 

-  la  Marine  Fran^^aiit,  i. ; 

.: ,.  /  ..,-.  let,  1874,  p.  1S3. 

. — "*  Dans  lo  troupcau   de  cctte   ferme    [SctU 

17^1],    il   naquit   un    as^neau    qui,  tans  c&uie 

'■  (e  corps  plus  loni^  que  tou»  les  ditreri  types 

'  Tie «  tie  plui  «e«  janiuea  titaien  t;  tr^s-courtes 

levarit  cTochac*.     Su- lingular itt*  le  fit  en- 

i  p-»rticulier»,  et  ce  seul  indlvidu  anormjil 

he  'Je  !a  race  ioutre.  ou  ancort  dea  Anglais." 

I     La     Tfoit    RogntM    de    la  Nature, 

-  bk  direction  du  Dr.  J.  C.   Chenu. 

und  Spenier  et  Sir  John  Davia  font  de 

>.  rskble  des  tflaanciers  pros^urefl  par  lea 

>  u4>leau  qui  rappelle  exactemeat  la  sltua- 

I  rief*  dt!s  petiti  cultiviitcurs  a<l  ipi// de  rir- 

:/' — K.  de   lAVeiejCt  Lti  Loii  da  lirehofu, 

Ikur  Monde*,  15  Avril,  1875,  p.  803. 

L,es  babies  britanniquei  ont   dei  t«mta  de 

tewius  cfr  tic  Iraifie." — Th.  Gautier,   Lts  Beattx-ArU  en 

i«re/i«»  fol.  J.  r,  44. 

Ayno.-^"  Jc  me  rendia,  lana  difforer,  aa  lieu  d« 
rbajnu.tinn,  qni  iuAt  le  bagno  de  l-haacery-lnDO."— 
KkApW  Pr<T<«tt,  Aftm.  (t  AvfhL  d'uA  Jivmvit  d*  Qualite, 
la.  L  a,  355.     Paris.  Leblinc,  1810. 

Ttifs  Is.   I  think,  the   English  haffjiiOf  Italiiin 

jsh  hoTio,  French  bain. 

-\'j  %  pas  [in  Xew  York]  de  cafes  comme  en 

tUAd  le»  ftan,  lej  buir«tt«».  a*>nt  nartoat.'*— 

run,  L<i  A*i"/«?M  drs  Hues  a  JVVw  Yorh,  u.  ;  Hev. 

«*>  tjtut  Mintdtit  V  Jaavier,  1876,  p 

. — *'  Toe  sorts  dc  BaruMm^.,.ufk  de  ces  ex 

ploHeari  de  soandale  si  oommuns  aux  Etats^Unis.''— Tb. 
Benlion,  VAm  Dori  en  A mcriqui,  iii. ;  JUv,  du  Deux 
M<mdu,  15  Mard,  1375,  p.  331^. 

Beagle. — **  11  tiom  est  encore  vena  d'Angleterre  una 
autre  espece  de  chiens  !  ce  sont  les  l>eaoUi."—3oi,  La 
Vall(^c»  La  ChasMc  it  CQurre,  il.  6{).  Paris,  L.  Huchette  et 
C",  1850. 

Blttcihoot.—*'  Les  eofans  qui  font  ce  metier  peu  fati- 
gant  [bootblackinirl  les  blacklooti,  j  (fagnent  on  salatre 
raifunnabte/'— L.  Simonin,  Les  En/ans  Set  Jiva  u  Sew 
Tori;  \u  tJ8. 

Hlaek-ma  it.—"  Quand  Jo  maitre  avail  paj£ . .  son  black- 
innii  ttuz  industrii^s  Toisinea  qui  araieut  le  droit  de  lui 
refiiier  ou  des  clous,  ou  de»  tubes  de  cuivre^  ou  tout 
autro  element  indiapfninble  de  «a  prodoctioo...," — Jales 
Sininn^  La  Liberie,  2""  part.  ch.  iii.  t.  ii.  tH.  PariSi  L. 
Hacbettc  et  C*,  1859. 

Blr/ikade  runner.—*'  Une  Joamfie  de  brume,  une  nuit 
Eombre,  ce  seiait  sASez,  quand  bien  mume  lea  exigences 
qui  forcent  les  tiavires  de  blcous...u  rester  sous  petite 
vkesie,  ne  permettrsient  pas  aux  hlocktide-runnn'S  d« 
r^ussir  eti  plein  jour  et  devant  lea  crotaeura  ennemis.**— > 
T.  Aub«,  L'Avenir  de  la.  Marine  Fran^.,  I  182. 

Board  (council). — "A  la  t>no  de  co  departement  est 
un  board  de  cinq  commisiaires."— L.  Simonin,  Let  Etab- 
list,  de  Chixrittj  et  de  Correction  i  Xetn  York/  Retue 
de*  Dtiix  Mondet,  1'  Ffcvrier,  1875,  p.  636, 

Bfiulder  cUy.—"  En  Angleterre,  on  a  trout 6  dons 
plusieuri  localit^s  des  silex  UU)6s  sccomps^es  d'osse- 
itieus  de  grands  pAchjdermes  repofaut  lea  una  et  les 
nutrra  immedlatement  sur  le  ternan  glociaire  ancien  tUl 
ou  honidcr  c/ay, '*—Ch.  31artins,  Rtcherch^s  sur  /« 
GLacierit'xx,;  lievue  dtt  Dmx  Mondet,  15  Avril,  1875, 
p.  800. 

Box. — **  XJa  box  ou  bureau  ferm^  [in  the  Mtfe-depoelt 
banks  at  New  York]."— L.  Siraoaiti,  Xew  York  et  l<t 
Socitte  Am^ncatne,  i.;  Jiev.  det  Dtux  Mondes^  \*  D6- 
cembre,  1874,  p.  060. 

In  the  SifppUmrnt  Littre  gives  only  "box,  stalle 
d'ecurio  ou  compnrtiment  de  wagon  pour  uti  cheral 

Boif. — "  Lflsjcunea  Joj/J  de  New  York." — L.  Simonin, 
JVev  York  et  la  Societe  Ambnc,  i.  665.—'*  Chaque  hoff  a 
son  lit  tout  mont^."— L,  Siraonin,  Let  Enjant  du  Ruee, 
ilL  7<5. 

Braiditme  {the  phyeicinn  Jamoi  Braid). -^"  M.  J.  P. 
Pbitipg,  ajoutant  aux  idees  do  J.  Braid  lea  aicnnes 
piopres,  a  rcuni...daa9  son  (?pu»*f  Thioriqw  <(  Pralifi%e 
de  BraidiMmtt  imprimc  en  1860,  des  fsits,  qui  tout  rat- 
tacht-a  qu'ils  soient  a  dea  hypotbcaea  fort  ct^ntcstablea- 
ik'en  offtent  pae  molwa  une  oitrLme  itnportonce/'—L.  F, 
Alfred  Maury,  La  Magie  et  rAatrologie^  2™»  part.  iv. 
434.   Paris,  Didisr  et  C",  1864. 

Brekotv  (hiit ).— "  Les  htehimi,  qui  out  donnfi  leurnoia 
k  cea  recueiU  de  loia  [the  Brchon  Lawa],  offrent  la  plus 
grande  reascmbLince  nvrec  Ics  druides  de  la  Gaule  lels 
que  C^>ar  noua  los  fait  consialtrc,"— E.  de  Laveleje, 
Les  Lais  des  Brehon»,787. 

BroKuit.—**  En  Ecosse  et  en  Irlsnde,  ce  sent  les  Elfif 
les  Brownitt,  lea  CUricannetf  et  bien  d'autres  g6niea^ 
h^rititra  d«R  anciena  dieux  celtes.  qui,  dans  lea  tradi- 
tions pujmkirest  poraiisont  sur  Ic  premier  plan."— L-  F. 
Alfred  Maury,  La  Magie  et  VAttroL,  1-"  part.  rji.  189. 

Bvggtf.—"  Y'll^B  vontw.caTalcader  au  Parc-Cenlral, 
amaxunes  infatigablea,  ou  y  courir  follemcnt  daiiB  un 
buggjf  qu'ellea  conduisent  ellea-memsB."~L.  Simonln, 
iVew  York  et  la  Soc.  Amiric.,  iv.  685. 

Littro  has  boghti^  and  the  abbreviation  hoc,     I 




hanre  ni«i  witli  ho^y:  "  Le  boghey  fut  attel^  en 
toute  httte."— Th.  Bailey  Aldrich^  PruiUuct  Pat- 
fny,  viii.  ;  Ma\  ties  Deux  Motide^-,  V  jQillet, 
^874,  p.  1U5. 

Buil^.—"  BuU'drgs :  Whasp.  h  M.  MHedonutti.  «t 
Bull,  2-  prix,  i  M,  JoUi?et,  Exposition  d?  1803."— Dr. 
J.  CJ.  Chonu,  Leu  Trou  Rlgna  </e  la  Naturt,  1804,  p.  36. 

See  LLttr^,  **  Bouledogue," 

BuH'ttrrier.--**  Bull-terriera :  Tom,  Fixette  et  BdU  k 
M.  Edouard  Delewort.  N'ont  naa  #te  expose*.**— Dr, 
J.  0.  <JU«im,  Z,«  Troif  JUgMS,  1864,  p.  37. 

Biu,—**  Lcs  omnibus  ou  tttu/fs,  fnfnil1i>reinfnt  et  U- 
comquptnrnt  1««  htu,  desaorvent  uurtnat  rintermmitblo 
rae  «le  BroA/Iwi»y  [New  Yoric]."— L.  Siiuonin,  jWw  Fori- 
e<  /o  Soc.  A  meric.^  UL  6S0. 

Henri  Gausbejion, 

Ayr  Academy. 

{To  U  contuwtd*) 


There  is  a  remarkable  coincidence  between  the 
two  following  passages,  the  one  from  St.  Luke,  the 
other  from  Mua^ua  ; — 

*EycreTo  5c  6v  r^t  XeytiV  avruv  ravra,  (Trripatrd 
Tii    vifiir/     (iiUiiniV    tic    Tou    ovAoi*    itirtv    avTiZ. 

tiKiipia  tj  K'oiAea  y  patrrafracrtt  (r«,  nai  fiacTTOt 

pUJt     04     UKOl'oi^f?      T(Jt^     AoyOV     TOU     BCOU,     Kttt 

<^vAa<T(ro>'TC9  avror, — xL  27,  28. 


"OA^tos  y«  fr€  f/jrTet^fTf,  *ca2  oAjStof  i^  riife  fVQTrjp^ 

Vaimpi  T  y'l  ir'  lAoj^ct'cr^  fiaKitpTtxr-q. — 138. 

The  former  passfige  from  St.  Luke's  Gospel  is 
thus  beautifiiUy  pura phrased  by  that  truest  of 
(L'hrtatian  poets,  Juhn  Iveble  : — 

•'  Biefjs'd  is  the  vfomh  that  Hire  Him  -blea8*d 
Th-i  I) 040111  wliei«  His  lips  were  prcsa'tl. 

But  rnther  ble-Mi'd  ure  they 
Who  hear  Hii  w<-rd  nnd  keep  it  wrU, 
The  living  himnes  wlieix*  Christ  ihAll  dwel!. 
And  DCTcr  [lus  ftway." 

/Tymn  on  Oi^  Amttivcuifwn, 

John  Pickford,  M.A. 
IS'ewboumfl  Rectory,  Woodbridffc. 


Anatolian  Folk:- Lore. — The  following  ought 
to  be  reprinted  in  **  N.  &  Q."  : — 

**Nenr  the  wnTMtJe  was  ii  Iftrj^  cfcim  of  itonM— fttir 
people  rcltnioualy  added  tlieir  quotft  to  tltp  heap- it  was 
clow  to  the  toino  «tf  acme  !it>}T  mnn  or  cither,  jind  ^rcr  it 
WM  a  tree  thickly  hunn  wiib  frajfrnenta  ««f  mna,  kc, 
▼otiTe  offeringH  it  may  be."— Rev.  E.  J.  Dftvi*,  vlwa- 
/o/w!a,  80- 

A  note  adds  : — 

*'  This  rau«t  be  a  relic  of  «t>ine  licathen  ciiotom,  for 
pure  MohMi'medimiura  doo8  not  «.Ilow  such  cb^nerTinceB. 
it  M,  however,  common  enough  in  Egypt,  and  I  once 
obttTTed  the  nme  thing  at  tiie  rained  Temple  of  Vr-nuSp 
tt  Afkft,  on  the  .^dnniB  river,  ia  the  LebLiian.  lit  iht 
Th**xuand  and  Que  sVuffitf  (Lftiie.  vol.  iii.  p.  222)  there  ii 
a  Tcrj  pretty  anecdote  coanected  with  tbb  cuatotu.    Mr, 

L&ne,  I  beUeve,  confesses  that  ho  can  anign  no 
or  ori^nn  for  it.  But  it  Bcema  to  be  a  common 
Btilion  aroQng»t  Muslims  that,  by  tyii^^  nr  tiailing  a  tmoll 
piece  uf  their  gamnentfl  to  a  tree  pUnted  over  the  ^ava 
olaome  holy  personage,  they  mny  free  them^elTes  froia 
any  trouble  or  sicitnesB  that  afllict»  them." 


TooTHACiTB. — It  is  remaTkalile  thnt  the 
Zrsilundera  should  ascribe  n  toothnche  to  the 
cause  as  do  the  country  people  in  (Jermany 
the  Orkney  laiitnders,  viz.,  to  the  gnawing 
worm.      The  fact  of  this  belief  existinfj  in 
Orkney  Isles  ia  proved  by  a  contributor  to  "  N", 
&  Q./'  !•*  S.  X.  220,  who  g^ivcH  a  charm  in  common 
use  there.     A  North  German   incantntton, 
inencing,  "  Peur-tree,    I   coraplnin   to  thee, 
worms  sting  me"  is  quoted  in  Thorpe's  Nori 
Myihohgy,  toL  iii.  p.   1G7;    and  in  Shortland^ 
Tfitditums   mtd    Superstitions    of  the  Ne\(^ 
landerSj   pp.   108-110,  we  read,  "The  toothache, 
being  supposed  to  be  caused  by  a  worm  havi 
the  fortn  of  an  eel,  which  eats  fur  iti^elf  a  hole 
the  tooth,  13  cored  by  charming  out  the  worm,' 
The  following  ia  the  charm  used  : — 
"  An  celf  a  fplny-baokj^ 

True  indeed,  indeed  :  true  in  sooth^ln  lootli 

You  mmt  eat  the  head 

Of  said  spinjr-hkck."* 

Grimm,  DeuUckt  Mytholorjie^  p.  1109,  rei 
tbttt  the  Poles  call  the  *'  white  people,"  t. «» 
elvB3  who  cause  diseases  in  raen,  '^  worms," 

Charles  SwAiN.so3f. 

Utghhurtt  Wood. 

AifEBicAif     Episcopal     CoNSBCRATiosa- 
should  like  to  note,  a*  I  hiu^e  not  seen  it 
where  noted,  that  the  Scotch  threud  in  the 
ricun  Episcopate  h  by  no  means  so  strong 
generally  supposed,     Tbia   episcf>pate   is   u»ual 
8p<jken  of  lus  if  it  depended  on  tbrit  of  Scotli 
nltofjether  for  its  validity  ;  but  the  facts  are  tJ 
(i  t!tke  them  from  Mr.  Perceval's  list  in  the  A\ 
tolical  Stte^iaion) : — 

1.  The    first    American   bishop  (Seabury) 
consecrated  by  Scotch  bishops. 

2.  Thb  three  next  by  English  bi^hope. 

3.  The  fifth  {Clafrgeit)  by  the^t  four. 

4.  Scttbury  never  aaaisted  to  consecrate  again, 
."i.  Chiggett  assisted  to  conaecrate  four  bis! 

at  dilFerent  times. 

C.  Of  these  four,  two  never  assisted  to  coi 
at  all. 

7.  The  other  two   assisted   to  consecrate  oi 
bishop  eudi,  tmd  in  one  case  the  descent  meri 
as  the  con !*ec rated  bishop  was  one  of  those  uLrend] 
mentioned  in  No,  5. 

8.  Seabury's  thread,  therefore,  is  to  be  tiucei 
through  only  one  bishop,  and  ia  of  very  little  im- 
portance coui- pared  to  the  English  tbread  ;  an< 
further,  as  thero  were  three  bishop.?  with  kirn  at] 




'T     '    *      onaeroition  would  h.ivc  been  valid  with- 
.ilL  C.  F.  B,  Waruen,  ]M.A. 

CitR^cTVA^  Dat  with  Mr.  pKPTS.^The  new 

V9   Diary  contmuA  more  detailed 

r^tofore  of  the  manner  in  which 

[;cAt  the  anniTersaries  of  the  feast  of 

!'■';  ',  •In  ihK  morning  to  church,  where  Mr  Mills 
tfuuic  «  tcry  g'w4  wmion.  After  that  home  to  dmner. 
where  my  wife  uitl  I  mid  inr  hroLher  Tom  (who  this 
morelof  cune  to  see  my  wife's  new  tDaiitle  put  on, 
which  do  oletse  roe  very  well),  to  »  ^lood  ^houldtr  of 
mafcton  an<I  «  cTticken.  Aftn-r  dinner  to  church  ugaiii, 
m^  wife  And  I,  whei  e  we  had  a  dull  i^eriQon  of  a  airani^r, 
whieh  mutli?  me  Bleep,  and  io  homo,  and  1,  before  tmd 
after  «aupcr,  to  my  lute  and  Fuller's  Hiitory  [of  the 

i.-.*i      .  t-   .1. _  . -^g  ^  church,  whereat  the  door 

"  I J  ^taJ,  because  thot  the  eextoa 

Ik'  r.     a  gfM>d  f-ermon  of  Mr.  Mills. 

I>iui:d  aL  k- nits  aII  bll&ne,  and  taking:  occasion  from  tome 
faalt  in  the  mtt  to  complain  of  my  mayd'a  sluttfry,  my 
^f ,-  iir..i  I  f^ij  Quf^  Btid  I  up  to  my  chamber  in  a  ducon- 
t  dinner  my  wife  comes  up  to  tae  unU  a!) 

1 '  11,  an  J  the  ami  I  to  walk  upon  the  leadfl,  and 

tb*rL>  >u  w.  Pen  called  ui,  and  we  went  to  his  bouse 
and  fliiiiped  with  him.'* 

J.  E.  B. 

Palacf  4>w  Tfrm  Gajils  of  Mkrcia  at  Kixos- 

wmr. — Til'  lif  Kingsbury  (mentioned  at 

Icncth  in  1  thirteen  milesfixnn  Coventry, 

:ir  '  vorth.    The  "  ptlace  *  is  close 

I  inda  on  the  ver^^e  of  &  steep, 

itt  200  yards  from  the  foot  of 

le.     It  is  now  a  half-rninoua 

,..o   or  three   rooms  being   in- 

rcat  portion   of  the   wall   is   still 

'iilf>>^p^   the  fftmiyard.     Portions 

oi  ft  r^B  are  viiible  on  even 

a    »til  n  —  the   ancient  Snxon 

ptUaev,  A    luediavnl  castle,  a  niAnoT-bouse  temp. 

ChirV?  f.  or  IL,  and  the  comparatively  modern 

i  We  saw  and  explored  two  '*dnngeons" 

ord  wall  before  mentioned.     There  nre 

T  '  of  two  turrets  at  least,  and  the  wall 

^  m  ia  about  twenty  feet  high.     There 

inaina  of  passages  coonectiDg  the  dun- 

i^»  -  f lich   latter   seem   to  have   been  cells  in 

lii..  it.-^nt  of  each  turret.     We  talked  with  some  of 

th*  rillftgers,  and  learned  that  Kinfjsbury  **  was  a 

moth  greater  pljico  oin  e  "  ;  und  thia  did  not  only 

rtfer  to  the  posting-days.      It   is   stiid   thai  the 

ancle tir     kfn'-i   of    Mercia    had    their    biirying- 

pLu^K  we  were  shown  a  spot  near  the 

(Arm  »^  the  pa  luce  gate  stood.      Tradi- 

tion   RAVn  (iv-H   iii»ual)  that   there   was   anciently  a 

jruliUrrAnmn    Tmnjrp   from    the    p:dnce— in   this 

CM*,  to  A  'c.     This  wonld  he,  T  ^'Uppose, 

iDUeh  iDor  'han  the  date  of  the  iwilace. 

We  WttPB  'A.h<j  ''aaiscM  and  nights  had 

iKJili  M«n  "  ia  the  old  rirmhouac. 

Our  guide  accounted  for  there  by  the  fact  that  "  it! 
was  a  verj'  old  place,  iind  there  was  a  i;ood  many 
murders  done  in  old  times."  Is  anything  knowmd 
of  tliis  interesting  Saxon  ruin,  and  has  it  ever  beea 
thoruuf^hly  examined  I  If  Leofric  a.nd  Godiva 
held  their  court  here,  there  must  surely  be  somo 
trace  of  the  palace  in  history,  and  also,  perhaps^ 
traces  of  the  Saxon  lords  of  Mercia,  which  would 
repay  a  careful  examination  of  the  spot.  The 
church  is  a  woful  monument  of  early  nineteenth 
century  restoration.  Among  other  sins,  of  white- 
washing, &c.,  a  school-room  has  been  built,  of 
ordinary  brick,  over  the  south  transept,  and  here, 
1  believe,  are  kept  the  monuments  described  by 
Dui^dale,  but  none  of  which  I  think  is  older  than 
the  fourteenth  century.  Unfortunately,  we  did 
not  know  of  their  being  there  till  after  our  visit. 
Mary  A.  M«  Hoppna. 

Shaksfe are's  Arms.— Some  time  a^o,  a  cor- 
respondent of  one  of  your  contemporaries  made  tho 
not!\ble  discovery  that  Shakspeare's  arms  belonged 
to  the  class  called  arms  parlanU.^.  The  *pMr,  ho 
admitted,  might  have  been  observed  by  previous 
explorers,  hut  the  correspondent  of  your  contem- 
porary especially  plumed  himself  upon  being  the 
first  to  discern  the  ihake^  which,  lie  says*,  h  con- 
veyed by  the  cognizance  "a  falcon  with  his  wingf 
displayed,"  or,  aa  aonietimes  termed,  "  rousant,'* 
Proceeding  upon  the  oasumption  that  the^e  arms 
were  made  for  Shnkspenre  by  Gdrter  and  Claren- 
cieux,  he  tella  us  that  this  discovery  at  once  settteB. 
the  question  of  the  spelling;  of  the  poet's  name  an 
Shakespeare,  instead  of  Shakspere  or  the  other| 
forma.  Now,  to  any  one  who  possesses  the  slightef 
knowledge  of  heraldic  matters,  the  idea  thai 
Dethich  and  Camden  invented  any  such  rebu^for 
Shakspe&re  or  his  father  is  jiimpty  ludicrous. 
What  they  did  in  this  and  similar  cases  wa*  Ut  con- 
(irm  and  legalize  an  old  traditional  coat,  and  it  Ift^ 
difficult  to  see,  therefore,  how  it  cjm  possibly  afflectl 
the  spelling  of  Shakspeare's  nume,  either  one  way 
or  the  other,  for  I  suppose  no  one  <Joubt8  that  the 
word  is  really  compounded  of  fihak^  and  spmrm 
however  they  may  be  f^pelled.  A  good  example  of 
the  kind  of  arms  manufactured  at  this  period  mayj 
be  seen  in  the  coat  granted  to  Dniyton,  who  wat 
also  novuikomo — A  [legaKus  in  a  ^eld  azure,  gall t^e 
d'eau,  with  a  Mercury's  cap  for  the  crrnt. 


••  Phonusciatiov  ijr  Enoland  ix  1726."— 
Under  this  head  Mr,  Solly  givea  a  Hat  of  words 
from  Bailey's  Introduftton  (o  the  EvqIUU  TonffUff 
I72fj  (5**"  8.  iv.  346).  It  is  a  curious  fact  thiit 
most  of  these  wonls  .ire  pronounced  by  the  un- 
educated  Irish  of  the  present  exactly  th^i  same  an 
by  the  educated  Englifh  of  IfK)  years  ajro— foti 
instance,  the  words  cnronrry  owion,  tvin/f,  WedniM^i 
day,  which  ure  pronounced  **crowner"  (this  foi 
of  the   word  is  fast  going  out  of  use),  "  inian,* 



"  vaut  "  (id  its  meaning  as  a  cavern  or  grotto  tills 
word  13  so  pronouRccd,  but  the  verb  *'  vanit,"  to 
Jeap  lightly^  is  pronounced  *'  waut"),  "  Wenaday." 

Many  more  of  auch  p;iraDeI  forms  of  pronuncia- 
tion could  doubtless  \>e  produced  if  occasion  re- 
quired^,  but  they  are  perfectly  needless,  as  it  is 
(jiiite  evident  from  the  examples  quoted  above 
that  the  assevcmtion  which  I  made  in  the  be- 
j»innini;of  this  short  and  imperfect  note  is  per- 
fectly true,  namely,  that  tlie  present  pronunciation 
of  the  uneducated  Irish  ia  exactly  the  sameiui  that 
of  the  educated  English  of  a  century  and  a  half 
ji^fn.  But  the  questirm,  How  if*  thi?  'i  remains  as  a 
philolof^ical,  Icxicographiad  stumbling-block  for 
all  modern  pbiloloi;ists. 

The  only  explanation  that  I  can  offer  of  this 
singular  truth  \a  that,  perhaps,  when  the  Irish 
Ian;iuuge  bejjan  to  be  {rencrLilly  discnntinued  about 
the  year  1715  or  1120,  and  the  English  to  be 
adopted  as  the  languajre  of  the  country,  and  the 
Vernacular  English  of  that  period  being  pronounced 
fi^  given  in  Bailey's  Dktiou'^ry^  it  continued  to  be 
u?ed  in  IreUnd  without  the  "  iniprovements*'  of 
tho  modern  Englisb,  with  that  tenacity  so  expres- 
sive of  the  Irish  character.  P.  G.  Cooa^. 
Bftlldghiulerin,  oo.  Miifo^  Ireland. 


Aristotle,  in  the  Nicfmutcktnn  Ethics^  dividea 
nmnkind  into  two  cla^geH,  the  0vy.r^TiKUi  and  the 
€Trt9vff>}TtKtit,  the  "irascible"  and  the  **  concu- 
piscent/' This  division  of  the  ninst  acute  and 
searching  moral  analyst  that  ever  lived  has  been 
accepted  by  philoso[>beri),  approved  by  divines, 
and  confirmed  by  the  rdiscrvatiun  and  experience 
of  the  world.  Every  family  attests  its  accuracy. 
Metif  ran^je  them-selvea  according  to  it  in  clas8e» 
l»y  natunil  attraction-  Parties  in  religion  and 
pt.ilitic3  form  its  gramlf-r  developTuent.  It  even 
jTiichea,  nccording  to  Jewish  doctor.'^,  into  the 
hierarchy  of  heaven  :  "The  cbcrubiju  know  mod; 
the  serdphiin  love  most" 

Ovtwi^  anger,  blazin^L;  Hre,  and  cTri^i/act,  desire, 
uniioulderiDg  tirCjare  chief  motives  of  buuian  action  : 
6vfLo^  associated  with  the  hiffliest  intelligence, 
€7n$i>^na  with  the  most  intense  nlfections. 

Aristotle  makea  uvSpm,  manlinefH^  trac  courage, 
the  virtue  of  t'l'/^O'? ;  trfrnf^ppfrvii^^  temperance, 
ibe  virtue  of  iwi^vfiia.  In  his  8j*5tem  rfi'/io?  ia 
chiefly  the  characteristic  of  the  male  sex  ;  €Tri- 
Ovftta  is  chielly  exhibited  in  children. 

Aristotle  missed  neceascirily  what  I  believe  to 
be  the  truth,  viz.,  that  Otfia  is  the  original 
chariicteristic  of  the  first  nHin,  tTriOifiitt  of  the 
Jird  woman.  It  is  to  be  observed  that  all  the 
Bubsequent  varieties  of  human  character  are  trfice- 
able  to  the  various  proportions  in  which  these  two 
original  specialtiei*  are  distributed  by  the  mixture 
of  the  Hexes,  There  are  masculine  women  and 
there  are  effeminate  mea  These  are  the  extremes. 

Tliere  are  infinite  intermediatea.     But  the  most 
perfect  man  and  the  moat  perfect  woman  are  thejr^B 
m  whom  the  true  and  original  type,  according  to^| 
sex,  prevails  without  overmastering  predominance. 

1  have  never  seen  this  stated  as  a  pro|^K»sition^ 
or  taken  for  granted,  or  alluded  to  by  any  writ-er. 
And  this  fact  of  my  own  exten^ive^  but  of  course 
limited,  reading  ih  the  ground  of  the  tentative 
question  at  the  head  of  this  paperj  "  Is  there  any- 
thing new  itnder  the  aunl'* 

Herbert  Randolph, 


SwisTo?»s  OF  SwiNTON.—This  family  had  at  tl 
close  of  last  century  jwaaessed  the  estates  for  aboi 
740  years,  and  during  that  long  period,  and 
withstanding  the  strife*  and  wwrs  at  home  an< 
abroad,  only  twenty-two  barona  held   the  landi 
The  estate  wcls  first  granted  to  their  aticcstor  " 
clearing  the  country  of  the  wild  boar,  and  sul 
seqiiently  confirmed  by  Malcolm  Canmore  for 
assistance  rendered    by  another    ancestor   in 
recovery  by  that  king  of  bisi  throne.     This  ehai 
is  one  of  the  first  gmnted  in  Scotland.     The  fil 
baron  died  in  IStH).     His  tombstone- hI ill,  or 
any  rate  till  recently^  extant— bears  the  inscription, 
"  Hie  jacet  Alanus  Swintoun  miles  de  eodeni.*' 

Seth  Wait. 

Straw  Necklaces. — The  straw  necklaces, 
collars,  which  are  mentioned  by  EraBuius  as  bei 
warn  by  pilgrims,  were  the  cause  of  Bever^d  not 
in  the  First  Serieit  of  "  N,  &  t^*.,"'  but  their  wean 
is  yet  to  be  explained.     In  the  new  edition  of 
late  Mr.  John  (iough  Nichola'a  translation  of 
FUfjrimfifjcs,   the  following  not*   occurs  : — ''  Thi 
allusion  I  am   unable  to  explain,  sxb  I  do  not  fim 
such  emblems  eJHewberc  mentioned."     ''  N.  &  QJ 
has  now   .1   jDUcli    wider  circulation  thfin   in   it 
youth.     Sume  of  its  readers  may  have  hit  upoi 
something  that  explains  the  use  of  these  straw] 
ornament  s. 

It  is  useful  to  notice  corrupt  words  and  forms 
words  when  they  appear*    Newspaper  readers  ha^ 
long  been  fwmiliar  with  nheatiy  though  the  prop 
plural  is  undoubtedly  whaif.     I  have  to-day, 
the  first  time,  met  with  strmcs  used  in  a  wron^jj 
manner : — 

*'  There  wat  n  clause  in  the  lease  ta  the  effect  that 
Mratcs  were  to  lo  curisunjcd  on   the  preminea.'' — j 
Mercury,  Nov.  12.  1875. 

The  plural  of  at  rate  is  Miraws;  but  when  the  word' 
ttmic  is  used  not  to  represent  the  Rtem  of  a  grain- 
bearing  plant,  but  a  bundle,  heap,  or  i^tack  of  such, 
sterna,  it  1ku5  no  plural,  or  if  a  plural  it  have,  it  is-j 
atratc  as  in  the  singidar.  Anon. 

r)E.\TH  OF  KiNu  Charles  II.^Tn  reference  to' 
Dairy mple'.s  Mmimirs  of  the  RevoltUwn,  Woaley' 
says  in  his  Jmtnutl  (vol.  iii.  p.  458,  ed.  I8C4) : — 

**  He  cordialtj  believes  that  idle  tale  which    Kin^ 
Jamei  put^lJAhed  concerning  Father  Huddleaton's  giTin^j 

!?»8.V.Jax.  S.Tfi] 



King  (Jboj-leii  eitrtint  unction.  My  elde&t  brother  oakcd 
Lailjr  <>^[tilM.n.--  .  i.certiiiig  tlii«.  *  Sir/  eaid  »lie,  T 
never  ni  tho  moment  the  kin;?  was  taken 

ill  till  "Ut  of  his  botiy,  and  I  aver  that 

tieilhttk^  rnijicr  n Mf i.i irHtoH  HOF  ftby  priest  CAinc  into  tbe 
liOOM  lUI  Hi«  d«&tli;  ' 

E,  H.  A, 

■Ckktkxart."— In   these  days  of   centeonial 

'  !■:  Jin  ortho^rnpher's  eve  la  offended 

'  -lice    of    thia    mode    of   speliinnf. 

uiuif-fijv   iiua  V 

ijicnology  require  '' centenniiry.*' 
S.  T.  P. 

tW#  anal  ftqUttit  eorret]>ondcnt«i  desiring  information 
on  liMiiilj  m&tMn  of  only  private  interest,  to  aflix  their 
OUMi  tlld  liddremei  to  their  rjueriefl,  in  order  that  the 
UMWin  smy  be  addressed  to  them  dir«ot.] 

CiTARTEiiHorsE. — I  have  wished  to  send  some- 
4hing  fr»r  the   Christnuis   number,   but  have   not 
A  time  to  do  so  ;   but  lately,  on  reading  nn 
int   f)f  the  old  and    ncv¥  fuundation  of  tlie 
*^'  'p,  feome  of   the    quaint    names    and 

^  it  induce  me  to  send,  in  the  form  of  u 

»|ijet7\  A  note  or  tvro. 

In  the  account  of  the  Hospital,  am  it  vrm  first 

'      Ung   is  *'Fop  Weakly  Beitvon*." 

.  ord  mean  beverages  ?    I  conclude 

uirf  giving  a  list  of  recipients,  it  suing 



1.1  I  jctiaml  BeaTori  !— Weekly,  xx»iii/.  \U 
ot. ;  ftAtly,  M.ra',xx3.iL  xviiii.  j\d.  ob." 
It   fu^luw^  on    with    a  headmg,   "For  exceeding 
dayi,"  uni\  gives  a  list  of  them  as  numbering — 

-TniM.f    iiir-.n  exceeding   dayi,   namely,    Ckn'HMni 
^'  .  .S'i,  John,    tHHOcenU',    N*%o    Y(ar$, 

J  """,   Shmrf    Sunday  and   T1usda^f, 

i^  '''■"'-■  /,  EatUr  Day,  J/ira 

*^  '  ndaif,  Alnnday  anil 

T  ,  All  ^iHt*\Fi/(h  of 

StfPftn^'Tt,  «i»l  j'icffijiA  tf(  JJKtmif€r.  AmmountiDK  in  all 
t4>  %\inU.  ix$.  iind." 

Wku  were  King*9  and  QneenV  Days,  and  wm  the 
li'th  of  I>ei:rnjbcr  the  day  of  tbe  foundntion  of  the 
H  •  ■ 

the  rules  for  the  beliayionr  of  the 
'       iifen  "  of  the  chnrtty  is  one  tbat  infers 
L^  dayg  it  was  customary  to  sit  down  to 
jiti  w  I  Jj  your  bat  on,  for  it  nms  :— 
All    the    poor    Brethren,    and    other  the    Inferior 
rern  nii  1   Memtren  of  the  Mid  Hospital  now  being. 
rc88ors  that  shall  hereafter  nt  any  time  be 
■hcAr    r^^Atnfl,  sbnll  give  dutiftil  Aevereiice 
'  Tor  the  time  beiner,  where- 
in his  preocmce,  or  when 
-  f  tbein,  or  any  of  thera 
Uiiti,  they  thali   at  And  before 
'icoTer<d»  not  presuminc.  i*hilst 
to  put  on  their  Jlat«  (tj'nfpt  it 
rri  a<  UtHHrrond  ^upptt'),"  he. 

41. «t*    ..  u-Uici    it    was  cuslomary   to   sit 



down  to  meals  covered  f  llie  order  is  dated  "  Per 
Ordinem,  24  Febrmini,  1G22." 

Another  order  of  Feb.  26,  1622,  is  mthor  n 
quaint  one  : — 

"??oneofthe  gaid  poor  Brethren,  or  other  the  niid 
Inforiour  Officer*)  and  Membcrfi  «>f  the  said  Uogpitnl, 
shall  wear  any  weaponi,  long  hair,  colonn-d  boot*,  apiirs^ 
or  any  coloured  shoep,  fciithers  in  their  htiU,  or  auj 
Ru'Stan-like  or  unseemly  App*f el,  but  such  a«  becoineS' 
Ho0pttabmen  to  Mcar." 

In  Thoma^  Sutton's,  the  founder's,  will,  dated 
2nd  Nov. — proved  4th  Dec,  1011 — is  sn  ileiii 
which  seems  a  rather  curious  way  of  payitig  a 
legacy : — 

"  And  wlicras  Mr.  John  Oardintr,  brother  to  my  late 
wife,  by  his  last  Will  nrid  Toiitament,  did  give  unto  A  »n# 
D^tdl/1/,  now  wifo  to  Hir  Ficincig  Pojihanif  one  hundred 
pounds  to  he  pnid  to  her  at  the  day  of  her  marriajjo,  the 
■Jime  hundred  ponnds  was  and  is  paid  hy  mc,  at  or 
bef  >re  the  day  of  her  marriage,  vii.  In  a  Chain  of  Oold 
bfiitif  fourscore  and  serenteen  pounds  ten  »litllin(;9  in 
Ooid,  and  fur  the  fajiluon  paid  to  Master  Padfwtt,  Gold- 
smith in  London,  fifty  FfiiniMga,  which  compleata  the 
huinlre'l  pound**  f^r  the  which,  amonget  other  thlnft 
which  I  delivered  in  tniat,  I  have  do  acipiittance.  " 

D.  C.  E. 
5,  Tbe  Creseent,  Bedford. 

Epitaph  in  Cas&el  Cathedral.^ 

*'  Mileri  i^Ia^Tath  Archiep.  Ca^h.  ad  viatorem  carmen. 
Venerat  iu  Dunam  priino  sanctisstmaa  oHm 
Pntricius  no«itri  gloria  nrjagnfi  «>oli. 
Huic  egri  Ruecedens,  utinum  tarn  tancttu  ut  ille, 
Sic  Duni  priujo  tempore  pnesul  oram. 
Aiiislia  Tuhtra  decern  se<\  post  taaseeptra  colcbam, 
Principibu*  pl«oui  nwrte  tnnnnte  tuis. 
Hie  abi  aum  potltiu  non  sum,  sum  non  ubi  non  6ttm» 
Sum  ncc  in  ambobua  sam  nee  ntroque  looo. 
Deus  e<rt  qui  me  judicnt  1  Cor.  i^. 
Qui  fltftt  cjircat  ne  cadat.    162i;' 

I  take  this  epitaph  from  a  paper  in  a  late 
number  of  tbe  Guardian  (Oct.  6),  *' Roimdubout 
from  Dublin  to  Ca^hel,  No.  11."  Many  years  o^o 
I  copied  the  eighth  and  ninth  lines  from  tie 
monument,  reading  sal  in  place  of  tbe  second  nrr.. 

Miler  Maj^th  was  first  a  P'rjincifican  friar,  and 
bid  been  appointed  Bishop  of  Down  by  Pope 
Piui  V.  Afterwards  bo  becfime  a  Protestant,  and, 
in  1570,  was  made  Bishop  nf  Clojtjhef,  and  then 
wa*?  elevated  to  the  Archtrtabopric  of  Ca<*hel, 
which  he  held  for  forty-two  yertrs.*  His  cha- 
racter is  rather  roughly  handled  by  Mr.  D.  Mac- 
Oarthy  in  his  Lift  and  Letters  of  Flcrmc^  Mac^ 
Vaithif  Mor  (London,  1867).  On  the  epitaph  he 
remarks  : — 

**  The  Itflt  two  years  of  hii  life  lie  fpent  in  bed,  whrre 
it  ploaned  him  to  eompow  on  epitaph,  which  in  duo  time 
wa<i  to  be,  HI  "  jrnved  upon  hi«  ujonumeat.     It  ii 

itself  a  rflfit  /t^renniH^,  of  his  erudition  and 

the  subtlety  '  .-^       »*.     No  learned  man  of  hu  own 

daj,  no  onK  <luriii.K  the  two  and  a  half  conturies  that 
haVe  paasod  •ince,  ha»  been  able  W  expound  the  meuntng 
of  thia  enigma"  (p.  431t). 

*  See  the  AhJiaU  of  IrtUnd  (Dr.  O'Donovan],  vol  vi. 
p.  1908,  note, 



LB'^aV.  Jaii.8,76. 

The  difficulty  of  whicb  Mr,  MiicCarthj  speaks 
fiepius  to  be  found  only  in  the  eighth  and  ninth 
lines.  The  fifth  refers  to  his  haiing  been  Biehop 
of  Down  ;  the  sixth  states  that  be  bad  been 
fifry  years  a  Protestant  bishop,  from  157<i  to  IC20. 
The  B€veDth  line,  "  Prinoipibus  phicui  marto 
tontiDte  tuis,"  can  be  expbiine^i  by  the  fact  of  the 
wurni  supprt  he  gave  to  the  English  Government 
during  the  Irish  wars  in  the  reign  of  Queen  Ebzii- 
beth.  Perhups  some  contributor  to  "  N.  &  Q,"  can 
"expound  the  enigma"  in  the  eighth  nnd  ninth 
ILnea.  E.  M.  Barrtt. 

Scothome  Vicarnge. 

Bamborouoh  Castle  and  the  De  Brade- 
PORDKS,^ — I  shouhJ  be  much  obliged  if  any  unti- 
quiiry,  versed  in  ancient  tenures,  would  inform 
me.  from  the  followinjif  extracts  from  the  ntitionul 
records^  what  connexion  the  family  of  De  Bnide- 
fonle  had  vvith  Barabornuj^h  Castle  in  early  times. 
In  the  published  Calendars  of  the  Inqnisitiones 
Past  Mortem  (which  are  a  very  brief  sumiiiary.  or 
sort  of  index,  to  the  matter  contained  m  these 
records),  under  the  names  of  several  neueriitiouH  of 
the  above  fauilly,  appear  "  Bradefonle  maneriuni  " 
iind  "  Bumburgb  Cjistruni,''  as  if  the  aiatle,  like 
the  tjumor,  wa*  held  in  fee  by  tliem  (as  tlie*  latter 
certaiQly  was).  I  am  told^  however,  that  this  in 
not  a  necessary  inference  from  the  matter  eon tuined 
in  the  original  recordft,  which  I  quote  below  ;  and 
I  shall  be  glad  to  know  what  office  connected  with 
the  castle,  or  tenure  of  it,  it  implies.  In  an  In- 
quisitio  Post  Mortem  on  Alexander  de  Brade- 
fordo,  **  ttmp,  Henry  II f,;'  it  is  j*aid  of  him,  a»  of 
several  other  generations  of  the  same  fiimily,  that 
he  paid  annually  "  ad  wardam  Castri  de  Buniburp," 
and  then  follows  "et  od  cornaj?iura  xiijf/.  et  sus- 
tinuit  quandum  domum  comp«tentem  infra  pre- 
dictum  ciiHirum  de  suo  proprio  et  ha'c  predicta 
f;vciet  berea  ipsius."  Wu^  a  ca-^tle  guard  or  fmy- 
tiicQt  towards  it  a  special  ciRce,  or  was  it  a  thing 
cotatQon  to  all  tenants  i?t  capitc  who  held  property 
of  the  CrowQ  near  any  castle  ?  The  office,  however, 
8t4ited  in  the  latter  quotation  from  the  Inquiaitio 
post  Mortem  above  mentioned  "sustinuit  qiiun- 
dam  domiim  conipetentem  infra  predictum  caatrum 
de  ?!U0  proprio,"  &c.,  must,  I  fancy,  have  been 
special  to  Alexander  de  Bmdeforde  with  regard  to 
the  castle,  and  apparently  hereditary.  But  what 
was  it  ?    Ad  exi)lunation  will  much  oblige. 

SAMpEt  Roper,  Ac.— Anthony  h  Wood,  in 
his  Fasti  (ii.  8,  ed.  1721),  state?!  that  Sanmel 
JRoper,  Esq.,  the  friend  and  patron  of  Sir  WiUiani 
DuLjdale,  was  "cousin  Kormau  to  Richard  Scawellj, 
who  had  married  his  (DugdaleV)  sister.'' 

I  learn  from  the  Heralds' Visitation  of  Warwick- 
Bhire,  taken  in  1619,  thiit  Richard  Sewall^  of 
Coventry,  married  Mury  Dugdnle,  and  by  her  was 
father  of  three  diuightera,  Margurtt,  Mary,  and 

Elizabeth,  then  respectively  aged  four,  three,  and 

In  the  same  Visitation,  William  She  well,  of 
Coventry,  is  stated  to  have  married  Anne,  one  of 
the  sisters  of  Richard  WafrstatTf,  living?  1G19,  And 
a  Heni7  Sbewell  was  one  of  the  "supervisors"  of 
the  will  of  Alverey  Greisbrooke  or  Greysbrook* 
of  Mtddleton,  co.  Warwick,  gent.,  dated  Sept. 

I  wish  to  know  how  Dugdale's  broth cr-Jji-lai 
was  coiisin  german  to  Samuel  Roper.     The  lattc 
was  the  son  of  Thomas  Roper  (of  the  Heunor, 
Derby,  family)  by  Anne,  one  of  the  dtiuj^htera 
the    above-named   Alverey   Grcysbrooke.       Wl 
Richard  She  well's  mother  a  Roper  or  a  Gi 
brooke  1 

Alverey  Greysbrooke  had  three  other  daugbten 
unmonied  at  the  date  of  his  wilt,  viz.,  Margaret 
Prudence,  and  Mary.  I  do  not  know  to  whoi 
these  ladies  were  married,  but  it  may  be  that  oi 
of  them  espoused  a  She  well,  aud  became 
mother  of  Dugdale'a  brother-in  law. 

H.  Stdnkt  Grazieuroor 



OF  Nova  Scotia,  created  1707. — See  list 
Baronets  of  Nova  Scotia,  in  Beotsons  Politic 
Ind''x,  3rd  edit.,  1808,  vol.  iii.  p.  1806-  Can 
reader  of  '"  N.  &  Q."  refer  me  to  any  bistorjr 
these  baroBets,  or  any  accouut  of  the  Ci 
family  of  Gairsay  {  None  is  to  be  found  jn 
fair's  Bnroiiftftfj€-  of  tkoiland  in  lb  11,  from  wl 
one  mi»;ht  infer  they  were  then  extinct,  yet  tl 
are  not  in  Burke's  Extinct  BaronettKjc  of  iicotl 
(1844)  ;  while  in  Lodge's  Baronehuje  (attached  to 
his  Fctrage),  from  1832  to  1842,  appears  *' Sk_ 
William  Craigie  of  Gairsay,  Orkney  (S.), 
1707/'  but  no  date  of  birth  or  of  successioti 
in  Dod's /'f^Trt^f,  &c.,  of  1841,  is  the  like  entry. 
To  Renduli  pnrish,  according  to  John  Brand's  de- 
scription of  the  Orkneys  in  17tH  (six  years  befott 
the  baronetcj')*  *'  belongs  Gairsiiy.  a  little  pleasao^ 
isle,  wherein  lives  8ir  (sic)  William  Vrai{f  (j"* 
of  Gairsay,"  probably  then  a  knight,  and  posai' 
afterwards  first  kironet. 

In  FulhirLon's  GoMtker  of  Scotland,  1848, 
"  Gair^,"  it  in  said  :— 

"  Close  by  the  aoulh  ahorc  atatid  the  reniaini  ©f 
house,  Trhicb  seema  fnrmcrly   to   btve  po^a«ned 
degre  ■  of  oleganoc  and  frtrengtb,  and  vran  tbe  rei 
of  Sir   Wiiliam  Craiffie  aud  ttlhors  of  that  iwm« 

The  registers  of  Rcndall  are  unfortunately 
With   the  exception  of  these  two   Sir   Wf 
Craiyies— one  of  whom  was  etriavdy  beforo 
baronetcy  was  created,  and    the  other    probal 
long  after  it  was  extinct— I  can   find   no 
of  the  family.    There  is  none  in  Nisbet^s  Utrahli 
cor  in  Doughis's  Baronagium.    Is  there  any 

re  "  Sir    J 


5  entrv^      I 

e»8.V.  Ji«.8,7«,] 



lory  of  ibe  Orkneys  giving  iiu  account  of  the  pTin- 
cipal  piopdeiots  there,  aad  of  tbeur  genealog}'  ? 

G,  E,  a 

Or.l>  JntSB  RjsTORT.— I  am  deairous  to  knoir  : 
1,  Whlt&«r  the  Irish  people  possessed  nt  nny  time, 
befew  or  after  the  introduction  of  Christittotty 
into  Okt  blind,  a  system  of  mythology.  2.  If  so, 
can  /«!  d'tnct  me  where  to  look  for  an  account 
llieno/f  3.  If  thpyposMBscd  nothing  in  the  shape 
of  •  mythology  higher  than  their  fairy  belief,  cnn 
JOQ  teU  Die  where  t^i  look  for  a  complete  account 
of  tile  orli^in,  rievelopment,  and  nature  of  belief  in 
Iboie  spribei  ?  4.  I>o  you  know  of  any  book  or 
booki  eaatutning  a  broads  clear,  and  comparatively 
impartul  A&alreis  of  Irish  character  1 

I  Infie  mta  sorue  of  the  writinj^a  of  Carleton, 
CfoktT,  Kennedy,  Keightley,  Griffin,  Moore,  Edge* 
worth,  and  others,  but  have  not  been  able  to  find 
IB  thena  Anything  very  aatisfactory  on  the  points 
nuicd.  Wh.  H.  Ltons. 

&A  Tenth  Street,  New  York. 


I  heard  the  other  day  of  a  person  who  had  a 
jiifU&it  of  Gainsborough  for  sale— n  niiniufure  said 
io  h»ve  been  executed  by  himself,  and  to  have 
flOBie*  fmm  some  raembcr  of  the  family  of  the  lt»to 
ifoha  Constable,  Can  any  one  inforin  me  of  a 
pofliHit  in  miniature  of  htm,  antl  in  wbo»e 
ili*n  it  now  is?  Falchtr  speaks  of  ono 
]<  y  of  this  class,  and  at  the  time  of  his 

t»  >    it  was  in  the   possession  of  a  Mis^ 

Ulatke.     Any  information  will  oblige.       Nemo. 

EELrnr  Rules. — We  hare  had  a  great  deal 
sIkriI  not  ringing  in  spur  and  hat,  but  I  do  not 
muvmbcr  any  reason  being  assip^ned  for  the 
pobibUi^^n.  Wad  any  danger  to  self  or  fellow^- 
ctfigers  likely  to  follow  so  doing  ?  P,  P. 

Jomc  HoLT^AXD. — Who  was  John  Hollimd, 
■thor  of  (^ntrinyio,  f — Liverpool,  printed  nnd  pub- 
Hihed  by  D,  Marptes  &  Co.  ;  London,  Ham  ikon, 
JUams^  Co.,  1835.  St.  Swithin. 

c%,.,,,..Y — I  iiave  a  copy  of  an  old  romance 
^  1  lowing:  title  : — 

4.  i>>fne;  or.  the  RoncrQcian  :  k  Komance.  Bj 
s  Gmtleman  of  tbe  UtiiTenity  of  Qsfurd.  Loiidou : 
J  Stockdide.  l&ll." 

Can  any  r«*ader  of  *'  N.  &  Q."  inform  me  if  it 
•M  written  by  Shelley?  I  have  an  indistinet 
TKjollection  of  having  seen  a  statement  to  that 
fffect  Mjnewbete.  R.  K.  D. 

\ViLKi3EsON*  Baro^tetct. — Was  there  ever  a 
WjIIliiu  Wilkinson,  Physician  to  the  Lord 
L»t!it#iniint  of  Irthmd,  nnd  by  him  created  a 
,hwt*ni'l  If  I  have  been  referred  to  Burke's  Eziincl 
umfU^f*,  second  edition  (by  a  gentleman  since 
ri>  dj,  for  confinna-tion  of  this  fact.     I  happen 

to  possess  that  very  work,  but  T  can  find  therein 
no  mention  of  a  Wilkinson  baronetcy. 


Is    THE     IsiiR     OF     BaUDSET     IX    CaRNAHVOK- 

SHIRE  OR  Prmbrokesrirk? — Ta^niio  Pap.  Nick. 
/r.,  A-D.  1291,  says,  "The  Abbey  of  Btirdesey,  in 
the  diocese  of  Biinjior,"  P"o/or  Ecdcna^tictu^ 
temp,  Henry  VIIL,  has,  "  The  Monastery  of  thft 
Blessed  Mary  of  Bardesey,  in  the  deanery  of  Llyn^ 
in  the  county  of  Crimarvon,  and  the  diocese  of 
Bungor."  On  the  other  hftnd,  tradition  saya 
Bardsey  is  in  the  county  of  Pembroke.  I  visited 
tbiR  iitland  in  1867,  and  in  converHnticn  with  th^ 
inhabitants  found  that  they  and  their  ancestors 
considered  Bardsey  to  be  in  Pembrokeshire,  jisMjjfn* 
ing  as  a  reason  somewhat  about  the  flow  of  the 
race.  I  am  told  there  is  also  a  tradition  in  Pem- 
brokeshire that  Biirdiiey  is  in  that  county,  and  in 
the  parish  of  Hasguurd.         ' 

Aaron  Roberts,  M.A. 


Cabinet  CoaKOTL. — In  what  year  was  this  term 
first  used,  or  in  what  book  is  the  phrase  first  known 
to  occur  ?  Edward  Scott. 



(!y^  S.  iii.  ICH),  313,  398,  414,  438,478,  4D4,  500.) 
The  following  correspondence,  printed  in  the 
Melbonme  ^-irr^Ms  for  Aujjnst  3  and  5,  187o,  may 
int^*rest  your  correspondents.  In  any  case  it  will 
*«erve  to  show  the  popularity  of  **  N.  &  Q,,"  and 
the  prompt ness  with  which  questions  of  a  literary 
sort  are  noted  and  queried  by  residents  in  thin 
fifty-year-cLi  city  :— 

"TFTJIWTSnil  AWD  Orat. 

"  To  the  Editor  of  tbo  Ar^fV*' 
"Sir,— Yfmr  London  corrcapmrlcnt,  in  the  'Town 
Ta'k '  printed  in  Satwrflay't  WHtio,  roo'itiont  an  early 
poem  of  Tentiy^ion'i  hiring  been  printed  for  private  cir- 
culHtion  in  his  youth,  but  fuppn-psed  <s«yB  toe  Wnrftl) 
'  in  con»eqiience  »if  it-«  ncfpticril  npir»iii.Ti9,'  It  would  be 
difficult,  I  think,  to  condense  a  InrKer  amount  of  literary 
wickedne^n  into  the  lama  cnmpHH  thati  ihi^  quotation 
from  the  Wttrid  contnins.  Erery  r<de  of  right,  every 
carii  n  of  criticism,  is  by  imphcNtion  violated  ifi  it.  For 
her«  are  the  facta  :— 

"i.  The  poem  in  quP«tion  (Siippotfd  Ccnfijn'oM) 
was  printed  in  the  fir.t  of  Alfred  ToTmysm'i  neparatc 
workg.  1  once  po^neiired  thut  precioua  Tolume  for  sotne 
TBiiTa,  but  unluckily  knt  it  to  »  literary  friend,  who, 
Wii  g  an  expert  in  book  keeping,  of  course  nerer  re- 
turned it.  1'b<i  title  of  the  Tolunte  is  '  Poemt,  chiefly 
LyiicB'j  by  Alfred  Tennyion.  London:  Effingham 
Wlldcn,  lvS30/  The  frtmmi  review  of  it.  written  by 
John  Wilson,  in  to  be  found  in  BfackiDoo4i  for  May,  1S32. 
"2.  There  wa»  no  printing  for  private  cirraUtion,and 
no  iup()re«KTon,  then,  in  the  case  at  all.  The  poem  was 
a«  fjurlv  puMinhod  as  was  the  niatchlate  Mariana,  the 
gurtfootu  R^odlfctiont  of  ihe  Ar^hian  NiqkU,  or  that 
mournful  wjiil  of  Oriana,  rMpecting  xrhicu  t^^Ti.  5<iV\\k 



[P»  8.  V.Jill.  8,  TO. 


WiJson  wrote  tliat  it  vivls  •  perhaps  the  mont  beautiful  of 
Alfred  Temijsoii'i  composition?,"  and  which  cerlaiulj 
never  Tvas  excelled  as  nn  iiintatiou  of  the  ancient  h&Ilad 
Btyle,  not  cTcn  by  iSurteea'a  Jiarthmm's  Dtrye  or  Misa 
Eliiott'B  FiowfT*  of  thf  Forut.  The  tlireo  yiieceB  of 
TenayBon'fl  Just  named  >vere  all  inoluded  in  his  firat  inde- 
pendent publication. 

"  3.  The  SttfjfK'sed  Conftni&nd  were  no  more  autotin- 
graphical  than  the  Two  Voices,  which  wonderful  poem 
wai  an  amplification  of  the  other.  Like  all  young  poetn 
And  all  youthful  arti^U,  Tennyson  KiRde  many  rough 
«kotche«  at  first,  which  he  aubaequently  wrought  up  into 
filiiahed  tvorks.  Now,  the  sole  rc'ison  why  these  Con- 
ftuiont  wore  not  preflerved  as  an  intej^ral  portion  of  the 
poet'ij;  standard  works  wan  because  th^y  were  auporteded 
by  the  consumnmte  performance.  Tlio  implied  charge 
as  to  the  auppre-^sionj  I  repeat,  ia  therefore  jaat  a»  falae, 
juft  at  unfuundcd,  bb  chat  iniplied  in  the  statement  about 
priTftte  circulation- 

"  4.  The  hiighef^t  effort  of  geniuB  ii  achieved  in  creating 
new  types  of  character,  new  moods  of  mind,  and  so  de- 
picting them  as  that  they  shall  seem  expressions  of  the 
poct*«,  or  draTnati»t'fl»  or  noretist's  own  indiriduality. 
ThiA  is  the  SbakNpeannn  range,  culminating  in  Hamlet, 
and  the  Alii  tonic,  culminating  in  the  ^!atan  of  Paradite 
Lost.  It  ta  treason  tn  genius  to  identify  the  creator  in 
these  cases  with  his  crealioni'.  It  is  to  sink  Sbakipearo 
to  the  level  of  Roufiaeau,  Milton  to  the  level  of  Byron. 
Such  treason  to  genius  is  the  literary  crime  perpetrated 
by  the  World  in  Tennyson's  regard.  But  the  author  of 
the  T*co  VoieHf  and  still  more  of  the  immortal  In  Mi- 
mttrHinit  11  unaayallable  on  any  such  grounda. 

"5.  Ab  to  Gray.  The  writer  of  the  'London  Town 
Talk' seems  to  be  utiaware  that  the  variation§  in  the 
first  M.S.  of  the  Ehi^v  ha^e  been  comTnon  property  for 
all  studftita  of  EnKlish  literature  ever  since  Maaoti  ptib- 
lighed  his  edition  of  Gray's  priceless  poems.  These 
variation*  are  all  set  forth  in  Mitford  8  (the  Aldine) 
edition,  a  very  common  V(4iim«?.  To  me  it  has.  always 
seemed  a  fact  nnaccoun table  that  the  omitted  stanzas — 
Gray  waa!  painfolly  over^fajstidious  in  resj^ect  of  bis  own 
compcsil ions— are  not  now  included  in  all  the  printed 
copies  of  the  EUi/y.  Could  eloquence  surpass— could 
loveliness  of  poetical  expreasioa  transcend  —  these 
Btansas,  for  example  1 — 

*' '  Bark  !  bow  the  sacred  calm  that  brrathes  around 
Bids  ever?  fierce  tumultuon*  passion  cease ; 

In  still  B^mall  accents  whlapering  from  the  ground 
A  grateful  earnest  of  eternal  peace. 

Him  have  we  teen  the  greenwood  aide  along. 
While  o'er  the  heath  we  hieJ,  our  labour  done. 

Oft  m  the  woodljtrk  piped  her  fkrewell  song. 
With  wistful  eyes  pursue  the  setting  sun. 

There  icattered  oft,  the  earlieii^t  of  the  ye»r, 
By  hands  unseen  nre  showers  of  violota  found ; 

The  redbreast  lovea  to  build  and  warble  there. 
And  little  footsteps  lightly  print  the  ground.* 
—Yours,  kc,  Davis  Blatil 

•'  August  2." 

"TMriTTBox  Aim  Grat. 
*  To  the  Editor  of  the  Argut, 

"Sir, — I  have  read  with  interest  your  London  corre- 
■p<mdent*8  reniarks  concerning  Tcnnyi^jn  and  Gray,  and 
Mr.  Blair's  obscrvati'ins  thereon,  1  venture  to  think* 
however,  that  both  gentlomen  may  be  mtst&ken — your 
London  correspondent  about  Tennyson,  and  Mr.  Blnir 
about  Gray. 

**  1.  I  believe  that  the  '  snp pressed  poem '  of  the  Lau- 
reate wto  not  that  one  quoted  by  your  correspondent, 
and  so  ably  defended  by  Mr.  Blair.    It  is  quite  beyond 

question  that  Tennyson  withdrew — na  Mr,  Blair  suggests 
—the  sketch  when  he  had  completed  the  picture.  Th« 
Suppoied  CoH/usions  were  swallowed  up  in  the  Two 
Voictt.  Among  a  bundle  of  jiapers  sent  to  nie  fromi 
London  by  the  last  mail  wag  a  Fi'jaru,  Fro^oi  it  I^ 
extracted  the  following  advertiiiemciit  ",— 

"  '  Early  Work  by  the  Poet  Laureate.— A  poem  of  43 
pages,  ©(ItitU'd  Th*  Lovtr's  7"tttt,  written  by  Alfred 
Tennyson  at  thi'  ago  of  19,  aad  withdrawn  before  publi-| 
cation,  19  for  sale/ 

A  private  letter  received  at  the  Mme  time  informed 
that  'some  excitement  *  had  l»eea  created  ammig  lltcnuy| 
folk  by  the  an notjin cement  of  the  existence  of  '  A  Collega 
Poem'  by  Tennyson,  of  an  erotic  character.'  The' 
announcctiieut,  however,  was  by  many  people  believodl 
to  be  untrue.  I  cannot  but  think  that  your  Londonj 
correspondent  has  been  misled  by  this  report,  and " 
quoted  the  wrong  poem.  .... 

"  2.  As  Mr.  Blair  very  properly  says,  '  the  variational 
in  Gray's  Klaj^  are  nil  set  forth  in  MitfonVa  cdition/J 
and  the  charujing  verses  which  he  quotes  are  'commoo 
property  fnr  all  filudctit-*  of  English   literature.'      Bat 
there  are  other  verses  attributed  to  Gruy  which  are  notl 
printed  in  either  Mason's  or  Mitford's  editiuti,  but  whicbj 
are   set  forth  in   that  literary   Bcrnp-book,  AatM  afi4{ 
Q  u tries.     T bese  te rses  are  ^— 
"*  If  chance  that  e'er  some  pensive  Spirit  more 
By  sympathetic  Musing!*  here  delayed, 
With  vain,  iho'  kind  enquiry  shall  explore 
Thy  once  loved  H»uut,  this  long  dainerted  ihade.* 
This  stanza  has  eviilently  been  improved  into— 
•'  •  For  thee  who  mindful  of  lb'  laiihonourcd  dead 
Dost  in  the«ie  lines  their  artles.<)  tale  relate; 
If  chiince  by  kindly  contempUti^m  led. 
Some  kindred  spirit  shall  enquire  thy  fate,' 
—which  originally  stood   as  follows,  atii  is  quoted  b] 
Mason : — 

"  '  And  thou,  who  niindful  of  th'  unhonourcd  Dead 
Dost  in  these  notes  their  artlasa  tale  rebite, 
By  night  and  lonely  conlentplation  led 
To  wander  in  the  gloomy  walks  of  Fate* 
Another  verse,  on  the  authority  of  Dr,  Doran,  is  laid 
have  been  published  in  the  first  edition : — 
"'Some  rural  Lais  with  albconquering  charms 

Perhaps  now  moulders  in  this*  griiHSv  bourne  ; 
Some  Oelen^  vain  to  set  the  world  in  iirms. 
Some  Emma,  dead  of  gentle  lo^e  forlorn,' 
A  correspondent  «*f  '  N.  &  Q/  (G.  B.,  Chester),  wriWnl 
in  the  ia^ue  of  that  periodical  for  May  22.  says  of  thf 
stanaa,  '  It  is  not  fouud  in  ^Maaon's  noteSt  and  is  of  vet; 
doubtful  autbeoticlty.      It   ia  not  consistent  with  tl 
dignifvcd  tone  and  language  of  the  rest  of  the  pneni.* 

■'  Mr.  Blair  is  rarely  mit*tfibn  when  he  speak*  aboi 
books,  but  I   venture  to  submit  that  tbe^e  lines,  or  soiu 
of  them,  are  realty  the   newly  discovered  *  rariationt' 
spoken  of  by  your  correspondent*— Yours,  kc.j 

"Majicus  Cl-vrkjs. 
*'  Tkt  Pablic  Library,  Aug.  3." 

Marcus  Clarke, 
Publfi:  Library,  Melbourne. 

Jews  in  Ireland  (5""  S.  iv.  268.)— There  is 
plac€  on  the   south-east  corner  of  White  Sti 
Cork,  now  built  over,  whieh  ia  said  to  have  beei 
the  site  of  a  cemetery  once  used  by  the  Jews, 
the  last  century  there  were  many  J^ws  in  Cork , 
they  were  employed  by  the  merchimta,  who  ex^ 
ported  large  quantities  of  provisions  to  the  Wei' 

It*.  S.'NJ 



liT  ^       r>lIow*mtf,  from  the  Lctter- 

iro,  formerly  emJnfnt  iner- 

V    in  I  he  possession  of  tbut 

Mr.    Henry    Franks*,   will 

lit*:  .i^ti<-  ou  tliisjiuUject :  — 

JttQ.,  BelTaflt 

"Oct.  12. 1771. 

m'uh  jours  of  Iho  Ttb,  ajxl  obutrve 

§m  (ll«  'iohn*      Uiitt.r  nl  3'  qtiality  is  nt 

*».,  i^.    8h  '  oreacb  kind,  und 

ooirt  emu  1  mttke  up  f«.r  y^  60 

unrt  lU-e  tv.l  ;  i    '.       "<n  :tq   Hu'lurks.  but 

■pWtJiat  VMiir  -.  .  ".  .   :../   'In-    :.■!!, vcd.       I 

fli0  04xr  Jev>  l'.yt.i.»i'T  ui.  'ir  r,,.-  -.i  I  mon,  but 
I  ber  will  t>ut  gifc  a  ctTtir.'-iitr.  [ii  it'ji],  I  »m 
^oobtfnl  if  Ht\r  cert  f:  •  i-  n  •  uy.  I 
^  a  f'^*^  'itmi'D  fa  i»  Jttv  hi  Jiitiiatra 
o«rl  iiftil   no  cNMiiplHint,     Rum   ia 

i  Aft  -  :     ^^  uf  an  tuldiU(>n»l  duty  of  6ri. 

We  iiuic  ricil  jtbcnrc  24.HJ  nunchoona  here  in 
\ert  htuid*  for  saJle,  tUercfore  dituk  it  tuust 

owing,  from  Bnxtorfs  %n<»j7o^  Judaim, 
ri.,  **  De  peroria  Judnici  coaiestiane  et 
?i^    Ettfiil  8vo,,  lot) I,  muy  be  read 

D  ti  the  passage  above  reliLting  to 

r  '  ;— 

^  u'iAsis  An  ullo  atilmftli  edere, 

b  -^-ns  ft  dirisafl,  quodque  ciburn 

kju,    i^;   V^-st-n  et  0?e«.      UuUe    non   eduat 
|bn>ctilo««  PorcoH, 

|j  „  .,  -.!..„,  r-.  -.,   .  .^5  ^gji  habent  squnmaji  et 
»  s  ct  similes ;  pttcea  Kibi 

It  I*-'  COS  Occident. 

»  'Uinea  ftve«  rftpaccf,  et 

I'll    CI    LcVitici    ciipite 
....    vumeduut,   qiiii;    nb  aliit 
B*  illoniiu  rel   TiLfi4  culinariiJ!, 

I  fti^ri  potest  ut  illu  nsurpulA 

»  rrj.   Bminn,    Oriura  tel 

f":     -  -  .  ,         ,  if,  iii.  17,  »mji€tH  arlipnjt, 

mywtnfm  nan  cmn'dtii*.  Neque  ot  Am  ArtTium 
L  Unde  maZTto  ttudio,  et  sccurKte,  oinhem 
nrrram  fomoris  ab  animjxlibui  rnactaiido 
ct  -ntiiM  cruj-a.-*.  nrcru  Mactationcm,  ad  super- 
Ti  -ant  Judwi,  ct  nrngnjo  artis 

^  t  to,  leu,  recte  mactare  posse. 

uui  .TiacUi^i   '  ■  1  pctn'jt  ei  CO,  quod  Deut.  xii. 
fC«0tr  ■■'.■   lobtutttis.ct  dcpccuJibus 

I  ttbi  i'uti.  i,ij?,  yrnx    Tri«3  qucmAd- 
K?tpi  tibh 

Dnt,  coDtineri  pneceptam   genemle,  qiiando 

)»i  «t  wmfi'';'        "'        filei  Tero  ejus  Leges  lion 

I  innut,  ^\.  Q^ttMbdmodnm  prtecfpi 

•libt.     A'^  :   legitar  D«ui  tp<*cinJtft 

UOdfrtA  M«'iLk  d'  disac ;  Itaquo  seniaB  hctrum 

ft.     QitiniW(   tiii  profctpi  ore  tfhu^  in 

\;  o&dr  eft  ex  Lcg«  Orali  di^ceuda  ot  hitbendn 

WUm  Iwnc  diicir,  p«r  aliquot  annoa  perito 

Sti  a^feMC  debet  ;  tot  Tcro  tanltHque  rw  eit 

>«  ip*dalc«  enim  librt  hue 

\i  fktpeeta  nemo  perfect*- 

w  t,.^>*^  3'.>*^'--  ^■'•t^'.ut»t  »it  ti»cuiiib«ridum. 

totionesex  pecutiAriboi  librli  petenda- ct 

The  following  is  a  translation  of  the  t<»5timonium 
or  diploma  gninted  by  the  Rubbi  to  the  butcher 
perfect  in  hia  art : — 

"llodip  exploravi  et  ox&minari  prsttatitem  et  egrc- 
i^mrn  N.  filiuui  N.  et  ilium  in  arto  mactondi  peritum  ^t 
induitrium,  turn  ore,  turn  tnanu  case  comperi,  ideu  illi 
fiecus  mactare  et  iiiquirert!  pertuitto^  et  libcre  cMnedl 
potorlt.  quicquid  mactavorit  et  inquieiTerit.  Unc  t^imcD 
if^e^  ut  adbuc  per  tTitcgrum  annual,  nini^uUfl  hcbduiiift- 
dibus  HituiiL  itituA  niactatiouia  et  iuqutaitiuniB  dtU* 
jrenler  porlcgat,  anno  rero  «ecundti  rinj^ulia  iticnsilmi 
flcniel,  tan«lem  reliquo  vita?  awsc  ipxttio  Mngutti  triukcatri- 
bua  svmel  tantum.    Attcetante  Rabbino  IS,*' 

The  following  m  the  method  to  be  adopted  in 
sbn^htering  animals  :-- 

*'  ^fsjoribuapecudibnaquatuor  pedes  in  nnum  colliBanfT 
Abrabami  cteniTilo,  qu^-m  TMifico  mtttnw  ct  pedes  vinxiM© 
volunt.  (|uum  ibum  oflTerrc  vcUct :  ju^ium  postea  et 
fiiiice^  una  res-jlvuHt  sections,  st^timque  cultrum  inspi-  nu^piam  retu«tw,ifelcpcnumconfequut(Uifiient; 
crcna  cnim  in  cuhro  pcous  terret,  ct  longuii  in  cur  co^^itufg 
adeo  (it  eflluere  non  poaait.  bncqne  ratione  pecu»  ilUi-'itum 
redditur  cttusque  illiui  interdicitur.  PoBt^^uam  acctio 
tlhi  felioiter  euccesait,  pecus  euFpendunt,  inteatina  deri* 
piunt,  e  regiono  cordis  ab  utraque  parte  foramen 
refcifidunt,  inde  Mactator,  vel  quihb«t  alius  qui  beua 
inquircre  novit,  manum  iznmittic,  et  an  nihil  adnutum 
fuiTit,  inquint,  an  nuepiam  ianguia  utius  lattat^  toI 
aquex}  puBtulae  jecinori  et  pulmoni  adfaxrennt :  ct,  ${  ret 
minimu»dtfectnidepr«hendatur,  pccuB  illi  hoc 

audeat  Judaeua  comedere,  uti  fcribttur :   .1  et 

IttCtratum  a  bettiit  non  eontedctis,  tul  projic^-.  -.  ,  -.  .ti, 
llinc  stolide  pro  mare  suo  conctudunfc  Judoti,  nuUutn  aibi 
peou*  cdendnm  eiae,  niit  omnino  aanum  ct  incolume ; 
quamvis  Scriptura  non  dc  vivo  »pd  de  mortictno,  quod 
prr  BO  mortuum^  tcI  a  feria  lacerotum  fucrit,  loqiiatur." 

K.  0. 

"Scatolooica"  (5**  S.  iv.  427,  523.)-!  know- 
nothing  of  this  controver8}%  but  Mr,  Swiftb's 
suggestion  that  nentology  mny  be  derived  from 
intttv  iR  '*very  tolembte  and  not  to  be  endured." 
He,  indeed,  does  it  leas  than  justice  in  deriving 
*'  acato/- "  from  "  sciiteo,"  for  the  nearer  form  tcaio 
is  in  Lucretius  and  perhaps  elsewhere. 

hnl  there  is  no  example  of  tlje  alUx  "  -logy/'  or 
"  -logical/'  after  a  verK  however  adapted*  It  is 
always  after  a  noun,  conmjouly  a  notm  substantive, 
or  a  participle  (as  in  *' ontology "),  which  in  a 

Nor  does  itraUo  very  eai*ily  indicate  compn*hen- 
Hiveness  ;  nor  do  I  know  Mr.  Swii-te's  nnthority 
for  deriving  the  English  gcntter  from  *eaUo,  The 
root  U8nally  given  is  a  Saxon  word, 

I  am  not  aiire  if  M.  Gantillon  is  in  earnest 
with  his  "  BungologicaJ."  But  though  no  less  a 
WTiter  than  Dr.  Whewell  has  suggested  "  Tido- 
logy,"  I  c^mnot  but  think  that  this  tying  together 
of  English  and  Greek  is  ugly,  not  to  say  bar- 
barous. Ltttklton. 

•P^S.^Since  writing  I  have  seen  with  much 
concern  the  death  of  Mr.  Stivifte,  whose  retention 
of  his  faculties  till  the  uge  of  ninety-nine  ia  mar- 



[S'^^S.  V,Ja».8,7«. 

velloutt,  to  the  degree  In  which  it  was  gtnnted  to 

[Thi8  intim&tion  of  the  d*fctli  of  our  Tcnernblo  Corre- 
spondftit  will  we  ktc  hxitc,  eTcito  the  regret  vf  ftH  our 
retdon.  Although  so  umr  to  a  huDdred  jrc&rs  uf  age, 
JIfjt  Bwirre  wrote  &  clear,  itrong,  lej^rible  hanJ,  ni  ca^'y 
to  rf»d  ai  print,— tery  jilcasiant  to  the  wearied  eye*  uf 
compoflitora.  "  readers,"  and  editors.  To  mch  ever- 
irorfchrg  folk,  liatidwritini;  like  tlmt  of  the  late  Mr. 
8friFTE'i  corne?  jntt  as  nnipht  a  gentlemnnly  courtesy.  It 
•eema  a  warrant  for  many  virtuea,  and  ioducea  a  belief 
in  tbe  posstble  perfectibility  of  mam] 

MusiCAX.  Eevenge:  "Hudibras"  (5**^  S.  iil 
32.%  393,  456, 61f> ;  iv.  277,  295.)— Mr.  SiEriiENs 
iuM  furnished  "  N.  &  Q/'  with  a  list  of  illustrated 
editions  of  HvdibroM  ("  N.  &  Q.,"  iii.  466),  and 
your  industrious  correspondent  niaintains  that  the 
existence  of  such  a  list  (in  the  British  Museum 
Catalogue)  rjenioustratc's  the  g^nidually  increasjDg 
popularity  of  Butler  s  epic,  as  generation  after  gene- 
mtion  became  ficquninted  with  it.  Miu  Stepoens 
observes,  nnd  with  due  penetration  : — 

"  IlItiitrAted  editiona  were  made,  of  course^  to«e1I«  and 
Ibnt  they  did  eell  is  proired  by  the  fact  ....  that  con- 
sidorable  numbers  of  iuiprefsiotiB  muat  liiTe  been  taken 
from  the  durable  copper- plates." 

Here  is  ft  confession  that  the  pictorial  editiODA 
were  ^'made  to  sell."  But  then  this  is,  per  sn^  a 
"trick  of  the  trjide."  It  does  not,  therefore,  dia- 
prove  my  hypothesis,  bat  seems  to  confirm  it.  The 
old  booksellers  doubtless  found  Hudilfras  u  safe 
Htock  book,  to  a  certain  extent,  to  trade  on,  eonse- 
nuently  they  did  not  mind  experiraentinfj  upon 
Ine  letter-press  by  Icndinfj  to  it  the  charm  of 
cngrnvings.  It  might  be  long  before  the  stock 
could  be  exhausted,  but  it  would  not  be  ft  bad 
invcstntemt  at  uny  rate.  It  is  a  principle  of  the 
trade  to  invest  tlicir  money  in  works  of  a  per- 
manent chunicter,  und  wait  for  the  result.  But,  for 
idl  that,  Hndibrat  did  not,  I  suspect,  get  into  any 
other  handj,  amongKt  the  public,  than  those  of  the 
upper  clashes  and  the  better-otr  middle  classes.  I 
think  a  youth  from  school  during  hia  holidays, 
having  an  illu.strated  Bnikr's  Poems  put  in  his 
hands  to-day  as  a  Christmas  present,  would  be 
puzzled  to  find  out  how  to  admire  its  contents. 
I'or  my  own  part,  I  have  been  always  accustomed 
to  estimate  Hudibrai  as  "a  book  of  reference" 
nither  than  as  a  splendid  satirical  epic.  So,  pro- 
bably, doe'i  many  a  literary  man  in  these  days. 
But  to  take  another  view  of  Hudibrastic  readers. 
The  buyers  of  books  for  tho  hat  ten  generations 
have,  of  course,  been  a  suceessively  increasing  class. 
The  rich  parvenu  and  the  ogtentatious  pritrician 
trere  both  fond  and  proud  of  a  well- selected  lihniry, 
and  were  nr>  doubt  continually  adding  to  it  ;  but  I 
fancy  thyy  might  not  be  readers  of  book^!,  but  only 
posFtsporK  of  ti  iihrary,  which  they  showed  to  their 
friends,  without  knowing, perhapsjndler'a  JForlhies 
from  Plutarch's  LivtA,  '*  In  my  mind's  eye"  I  can 
!*oe  my  old   friend  Isanc   rucock,  magistrate  in 

Berks  fifty  years  ago,  sitting  in  his  sti> 
accustomed  cluiir  in  his  old  library,  juir^i 
oriel  window.     He  has  a  copy  of  Bmli 
hand.;    but  for   what   purpose?     Pocock    w«s  i 
dramatist,  and  he  is  searching  for  some  apt  witti- 
cism or  sarcasm  to  fit  into  the  dialogue  of  a  nrw 
play    for  Covent   Garden.      I   believe   the   men; 
fcishion  of  assuming  book  knowled^'e  in  the  old 
times  stood  for  the  love  of  books  for  the  readinsV 
sake-     In  this  way,  then,  we  may  account  for  Snt 
constant  i9«^uing  of  new  edition.^  of  the  classics, 
ancient  and  modern,  over  a  period  of 
Are  not  iHustnited  ** family  Bibles,'' 
Booh  of  MftTtyrx  used  to  be,  now  f 
country  people  by  colporteurs  or  book 
vassers,  in  numbers  at  sixpence,  lei«i  or  u,,,  i. 
same  system  is  about  a  century  old  ;  and  aiic: 
one  way  of  circulating  illustrated  books.    Th 
be  called  active  inultng  in  new  editions, 
cannot  be  said  that  it  proves  the  ever  ineii 
popularity  of  Hudibras.  E.  H.  Malcolm*, 

"Ubchard,"  the  Translator  of  Ejlbei 
(5***  S.  iv.  428.)— I  beg  to  say  thnt  the  trans 
of  Rabelais  is  7iof  "always  called  Urquhart" 
aUernative  Urchard  is  given  in  Gorton's  Bit 
phitial  IHt'lionartj  (London,  1820).  In  fact, 
(hiird  Is  the  older  way  of  spelling  the 
William  Urchard,  of  Cromarty,  wa^  herit 
feberilT  of  that  shire  in  th©  reign  of  Robert 
about  ninth  in  de.seent  fron»  him  wi\»  this 
Thoma.-',  who  was  knighted  by  Chnrlea  I., 
afterwards  taken  prisoner  at  the  bittle  of 
ter,  fi^rbting  on  the  royal  side,  which  he  di 
with  his  pen  ako,  as  well  as  Ida  sword, 
author  of  Beveml  curious  works,  one  of  i 
truly  characteristic  of  a  Scotchman,  was  a 
alogy  of  the  Urtpiharts,  in  which  he  prof,  si 
trace  their  deiiLGnt  by  regular  ^enemtionii  ft 
Adam.  He  died  soon  after  the  Heyloration  ; 
this  l>eing  so,  be  cannot  be  styled  *'  the  cnlhtl 
of  Ozell  and  Moltcux  in  a  translation  of  Ual 
if  the  big  ugly  word  implies,  as  I  suppose, 
three  worked  together  at  the  same  time  on 
srime  book.  I  will  expl.dn.  It  uppears  th  ^ 
T.  Urquhart  tniTi?!lated  only  the  first  three 
of  Riibehusof  which  the  third  was  not  prints 
some  c^rmsidenible  time  after  his  death,  MotU 
a  Frenchman,  but  a  gtwd  English  scholar,  di 
over  here  by  the  revocation  of  the  Edict  of  NanI 
added  tn  Sir  Thomases  three  books  a  transktioi 
the  remaining  two,  contuining  the  account  of. 
tagruel's  voyiige,  exphmations,  and  nlife  uf 

After  Motteux's  death  in  1718,  Ozell,  a  con< 
fellow  of  French  extraction,  and  much  inferior^ 
attainmeuts  to  Motteux,  at  whom  he  carps 
C4»vils  in  an  absurd  way,  published  a  trinj^hitioii" 
Rabelais,  which  is  simply  a  reprint  of  Unpil 
and  Mrittcux's.     All  that  he  did  for  Rabelais 
to  add  to  the  existing  translation  certain  nol 




Cm  AS. 

ftntsa  > 


ciiiefly  stoltw  fnm  the  Tate  new  edttion  of  tlli^  ori- 

gtiukl  Frendi  hj  I>iichAt.     I  huve  a  copy  of  OzelVh 

ccUtioia,  priotaa  at  Dublm,  1736.     Both  Motteux 

aiHl  Oaeil%iir»  m  tbe  "Dandad."   One  word  more 

Abnui  the  lllieUiog  of  UrquJmrt    MotMJUjc  spells  it 

UMUrf;  ObbII  tpeUa  it  Urqnari.      The    oldest 

form  iMPt  lo  lui?9  b^n    UrcJiaH,  accordiog  to  an 

old  4md  rftfefring  to  u  GuUeroch  Urchart,  alluded 

to  Irr  J.  Boike  in  Lib  Landed  Gentry  (London, 

ism},  J.  H.  I.  Oakley. 

tfjrWybjTp  Meltoti  Moirbmy. 

The  woff^  I",  i.ri  lu  .M.iir.  correct:  it  is  spelt 
eopiedT   ftii  t   is   pronounced, 

th<m|»b  ftR    i - —  :1   probubly  c«U  it 

VfUltie-hftft,  There  are  many  other  Scottish 
mmes  wbidi  are  pronoanced  in  tbe  old  way  dif- 
ffvmtilf  from  what  they  are  spelt  in  tbe  new,  f.y., 
Muait^  Buchuuminf  Colqithoun,  M*Kenzie,  Sec, 

J,  R,  Hjlio. 

"  (5*^  H,  tv.  406,495.)— The  ip-mt 
jd  is,  80  it  seems  to  me,  whether 
realty  a  tmnslution  of  "Gottes- 
an  old  English  expression  revived, 
u.'^  whether  and  where  it  is  to  ha 
time  of  Longfellow  ]  If  it  is  an 
a  revived,  nothing  can  be  said 
1  that  the  revival  is  not  likely 

li  ^'  'ptance.     But  if  it  is  a 

tntKUtion  of '*  <  -r,"  then  1  think  Mn. 

DlXOK    is  perftL...    . v-   l,  and  that  it  is  a  mis- 

UuultttioQ  ;  and  I  cannot  conceive  any  ono  who  is 

at  att  f  ktiiiUjr  with  German   defending  it.     An 

CKpr  t  be  said  to  be  adequately  trans- 

ytffi  .  lea  conveyed  by  the  translation  is 

t  hat  conveyed  by  the  orijrinal. 

n  fiiind  the  word  Acker  coa- 

vvTi  a«s  of  l»uii ..  • ,  idea  of  measurement  ;* 

t^t  tho  onlinnrf  I  nd  the  word  acre  conveys 

r  L  ol  measurement.    Itinuse- 

i  fnan  (as  Mr.  Warrkn  does), 

'  Tij  tUii  oxpr«?3sion  "  God*«  acre," 

'  f  of  the  idea   of  a  certain  fixed 

•|UAmiv\  (.,  *  ■     ■■  ■      ihle  for  h'm  to  do 

•k    It  is  c  "  Gottea- Acker ''  ia, 

taoiea  niii  -  ..j,'ether  inadequately 

mdftred    by  **  <  ."     "Acre"  may  once 

tcvf  l,:.j  {|iM  in.  I  "  Acker"  has  now,  hut 

ig,  and  it  is  uaelesa  to  expect 

-    .n  it. 

ia  coDciojiion,  wouhl  any  one  propose  to  render 

*  1  hare  lired  io  Gcrmanj^  and  ipoken  and  written  I 
Hnfliii  niacb  Tor  the  l&ct  tweatydght  yoArs,  but  I  have 
iMar  hcftfil  Aeher  n».^d  in  the  ftence  of  a  mcaiure  of  Und^, 
ft«mVic  ti  leiveo  tbit  meanini;  in  the  dictionariefl.  I 
h^tal-^"'  i'^^H  Mrrrfftn  ii»cd  in  tbie  M>r»ie.  I  erpeci 
>l<tr,  u  ameuure,  iscoikfin^d  to  oerc&in 
Perhaps  lome  G  enu«a  reader  of 
ft«^    Kill  teUttt. 



the  Italian  equivalent  "campo  aanto"  by  "holy 
acrn"?  F,  Chanck, 

8jdeuham  HilL 

I  had  no  intention  of  dbcussing  the  etymology 
of  either  J ci:er  or  acrg.  What  I  meant,  and  still 
mean,  is  thia»  that  at  the  present  day  the  word 
Acker  suggests  to  a  Grerman  a  special  sort  of  land 
— "  plough- land/'  and  tbe  wonl  n^^rt  suggesta  to 
an  Englishmiin  a  detinito  quantity  of  any  sort  of 
laud,  and  therefore  that  the  two  words  are  not  the 
equivalents  of  each  other.  J.  Bixu!?. 

The  Trade  of  TANNtNo  (5*  S.  iv.  428.)— In 
tbe  history  of  our  own  conntiy  we  have  the 
brothers  Robert  and  William  Kett,  wealthy  tanners 
of  Wyniondham,  in  Norfolk,  who  headed  an  im- 
ptvrtant  insurrection  in  tbe  reign  of  Edward  VL 
They  came  to  a  more  ignominious  end  than  Cleon, 
for  Robert  was  hanged  at  Norwich,  and  William 
on  the  steeple  of  Wymondham  Church. 

Wc  know  on  good  authority  how  long  a  tanner 
will  "lie  i'  the  ciirth  ere  be  rot."  *' A  tanner  will 
last  you  nine  year,  .  ,  His  bide  is  so  tanned  with 
}m  trade  that  he  will  keep  out  water  a  great  whUe ; 
and  your  water  is  a  aore  decayer  of  your  dead 
ho^^y —Hiivdtif  V.  I .  J.  iL  L  OAKi*ar. 

For  an  account  of  an  eccentric  individual  (James 
Hirat),  by  trade  a  tanner,  see  Ocnt.  Mag.,  Dea> 
1829,  p.  070.  Then  *' There 'k  Best's  son,  the 
tanner  of  Winghamp"  2  Htwry  VL,  Act  iv.  sc  2, 
what  about  kirn  I  Mr,  Praise-God  Brircbonc  was 
ii  leather-seller  and  leader  of  the  Repulilicun  Par* 
Uament.  If  your  correspondent  is  iatereared  in 
ahoeraakers,  he  will  find  much  curious  information 
in  Crispin  Anccdtdes,  coniprinng  Inietesim^ 
Noticfs  of  Shocmakem,  with  other  Matters  illuMra- 
titr  of  Oie  History  of  iiu  Oentle  Craft,  Sheffield, 
1827,  12rao.  Hone's  Every-Day  Book  will  also 
afford  some  scnipit  relating  to  St.  Crispin  and  hi* 
followers.  Gkorce  Pottkr. 

42,  Grove  Koad,  Holloway,  N. 

There  w  the  balhid  of  Rnhin  Hood  and  the 
Tanner^  **ft  merry  and  pleasant  song  relntinj:  the 
gallant  and  fierce  combat  fought  between  Arthur 
Bland,  a  tanner  of  Nottingham,  and  Robin  Hood," 
Ritiion'a  Hobin  Hood,  p.  75  (Griffin  &  Co.,  n,  d.). 

Cleon  waa  first  of  all  a  tanner. 

There  is  an  inscription  in  Gaiter,  p.  648,  n.  8, 
of  Cleomenes,  "Coriariusauhacl^rius."— /''arc.  Sex. 
V.  "Coriarius.''  Ei>.  Marshall. 

Some  interesting  references  to  thi^H  trade  may  be 
found  in  two  journals  devoted  to  itis  interests,  the 
Tanners'  and  Currieti  Journal  and  the  Leather 
Tradu'  Circular  and  iievwu?,  both  published 
monthly  in  London.  H.  S. 

Mn.  P.  FAsrATT  baa  not  mentioned  one  very 
memorable  man  connected  'wVlVv  \\\va  Vtw\^,  'Oofc 



[S*"*  S.  V- Jax.  $, '70. 

"Unner's    grandson"    of   Fttkise,    WUlinm    the 
Cooqueror.  M.  L 

**  Abarca"  (S*"*  .S.  W.  169,364, 415.)— Lumniendi 
traces  overytliing  to  Bii^qiie,  and  is  no  authority 
at  >d].  Diifresne  ^Wes  Lucas  Tudensis  tia  a.n 
ftuthoritj'  to  show  tluit  this  word  ia  found  written 
avarca.  He,  however^  refers  to  olpiiTfjaiu^ 
*'  aparteti,  csilcei  ex  fnnibiis,  Hispanis  alpnt^/a^  in 
Cf»nstitut.  T<?rc:3iananim,  cap.  8  .  .  .  CoUert,  Cone. 
Jfupan,  p.  707.  (?idiga«  faciant  et  cannabiiceaa 
soleaj*,  viiJi^o  alpiirpites.  Alpargata  vertit  Sobrinus, 
in  Les.  II IttpM^all.^  une  cspuce  de  soulicrs  fait  de 
chanvre  :  il  s  en  hit  aiissi  de  soyct  et  de  joncs  la 
pIuparL"  The  Jh'ec.  dt  la  Acad,  Effpak.  givers 
alparyaia^  *'  lo  uiisiuo  que  alpargaU^  en  y  tuuchas 
party's  usan  !Uiin:u'Iti  aifsi  con  toruitnacion  feine- 
Jiinu "  ;  and  aipargntr^  "  especte  de  calzado,  que 
sc  bncc  de  cunanjo  o  espuito  ;  pero  a  este  llaman 
en  la  Mancha  y  Murfia  Afhorgns  o  E«parteuas  .  . . 
8ii  etyraolopa  dice  el  P.  Alcjtla  viene  de  la  voz 
Arabij^a  Pargaf^  que  vale  lo  iiiiKun),  y  nnadista 
el  articulo  wJ,  y  li  e  nl  fin,  por  no  ^er  proprio  en 
nuestm  lengim  reinotar  siis  voces  en  f.  se  dixo 
alpargati"  Inaamuch  as  the  Arabic  does  not 
possess  tbe  letter  p,  tbe  word  mnst.  be  looked  for 
under  ^,  but  is  not  found.  Zedler  (t7>in\  i*^.), 
afttr  dcfinin^r  Ike  word  ahurmy  says  :  *'  Konig 
Sancho  I.,  soil  aucb  da7on  deii  Namen  Aharm 
bekommen  haben,  well  er  dcrglek-hen  schulie 
ani^ehabt,  ats  er  die  Regierung  angetreteo.  Tule- 
tanU9,  IM  Rfh,  Hisp.^  v.  122  ;  Covarruviaa,  The- 
*tiur.  Liittf,  Cajttclt:'  It  nnistj  however,  be  noted 
that  Abarca  and  Ik  Ahnrr't  were  the  names  cf 
several  celebnited  men,  and  that  Abarcas  and 
Alharca  are  local  name.s  in  Spain. 

E.  S.  Cmarkock. 


Charles  Wilmot  Serres,  a  "Suppressed 
Prince'  (5^^  S.  iv.  461,  484  ;  v.  6,)-!  am  glad 
to  be  able  to  furnish  Mr.  Thoms  with  the  link  in 
the  hiMtory  of  Charka  Wiliuot  Serres  next  ia  order 
to  that  contributed  by  Clarrv. 

Having  been  discharffed  on  April  3,  1S25,  from 
the  Marine  Society,  Charles?  Wihiiot  entered,  on 
the  27th  idem,  the  maritime  service  of  the  late 
Eft^t  India  Com  puny,  and  wjts  attached  to  that 
C^ompany's  own  i<hip  Bnckinjihamsbire*  13G9  ton?, 
Cupt.  Richard  Glafespoole,  which  was  then  about 
to  make  her  fifth  voyage  to  tbe  East. 

He  sailed  in  her  from  the  Downs  on  May  2, 
went  to  China,  returned  to  England  on  May'31, 
1826,  was  discharged  from  her  on  June  1  following, 
and  on  the  Dth  idem  received  himself,  from  the 
Company,  and  signed  for»  the  wages  due  to  him  for 
the  voyjitre. 

The  Company  subscribed  annoaliy  to  the  Marine 
Society,  and  took  therefrom  a  cert^iin  number  of 
the  boya  into  their  njaritime  service,  placlDg  them 
in  their  own  ships.     Some  of  these  were  appren- 

ticed for  a  term  of  year?,  who  afterwards  general 
remained  in  that   service,  riiiio;;  lo  superior 
tions  in  it  ;  tbe  othera  were  mLrely  taken  O^r  tl 
voyage,  and  were   dischargeil  on  its  completion, 
was  tlie  case  with  ChnrleH  Wilmot. 

It  ia  not  unlikely  that  he  may  have  made  oil 
voyages  to  ladiii   in  shiiMi  owned  or  freighted 
the  Company  or  by  tbe  public  (for  the  trjtde 
India  was  open  then)  ;  if  so,  and  he  went  n\ 
ships  connected   with  the  Companyt   I   might 
able  to  give  further  information  regarding  hil 
provided  I  am  furnished  with  the  names  of 

In  respect  to  the  place  and  date  of  hh  bii 
which  Mil.  TnoMS  atutes  as  being  "  at  pi^ei-ent  if 
volved  in  obscurity,'^  as  "  he  was  iit  one  time- 
school  lujister  in  one  of  the  Cape  Coloured  Ri 
ments,"  Mr,  Tiioms  might  find  further  inforri: 
tion  (than  appears  in  Wibiiot's  letter  and  tl 
Marine  Society's  recordij)  on  these  fK>ints  in  tl 
recomls  of  the  War  Office.        Charles  JIaso^'. 

In  ilia  Office,  WljitebmU. 

''  Hard  Lines  "  :    Caxes  (5**  S.  iv.  40T. 
in  noticeable  that  Fnller  writes  the  name  of 
Jewi&h  measuring-rod  I'^nn)   ChcJ>el  (Pijignh-Sigl 
orig.  ed.  bk.  lii.  p.  396),  and  not  hhlhily  as 
modern    printer   hiun   altered   it ;    and  it  ia  tl 
brought  nenrer  to  our  word  eahk.     There 
reason  in  the  "Uppoaed  connexion  of  the  word 
Ps,  xvi.  6  with  the  common  phrase  *' bard  lini 
It  hxs  not  escaped  tbe  notice  of  Mr.  Grove, 
sayw,  Smith's  DiH.  liik,  IS03,  p.  298  :— 

*'  Tlie  use  of  tlie  word  in  this  ien«e  [that  of  bllutmci 
in  our  own  idiomatic  cxprcsaiori— '  h:iid  lines  '  —will 
bo  forgotten.  Other  corre«pondencks  between  Ch 
as  applied  to  measurement,  and  our  own  words  roc/, 
chain,  and  hUo  cofd^  u  npplie't  in  the  province* 
cotoniei  to  solid  meastuts  of  vvuod,  ^e^,  are  obvious." 

It  may  be  remarked  that  Fuller,  in  the  sai 
folio,  say s  th:it  the  river  Ivuuah  (Jo^b.  xvii.  9) 
'*«o  called  fmi\]  reeds,  Kanuh  [nap]  in  Elebi 
(whence  our  Kngitsh  word  CfiUf'?,  or  w;dkiug-staT< 
fetching  both  the  name,  tind  thing  from  the 
Conn trey»), growing  plentifully  thereabouts''  (bk. 
173).  The  writer  of  the  article  ou  weights  ai 
measures,  Didionarsf  of  the  Bihk,  p.  173<J,  cal 
attention  to  the  similarity  of  these  words,        B, 

To   me   evidently  derived  from  drawing    ai 
painting,  where  the  phmse  is  in  technical  use. 

AtheniKum  Club. 

Cb.\\vt,et  and  Burn'ell  Families  (5'**  S. 
42J).)  — Is  there  a  place  adled  Crawley  ia  H< 
ford  shire  ?     Ctuttcrbuck  does  not  mention  it, 
docs  Ad  am  a  in  his  Indcf:  VillariSf  nor  the  modi 
Ckrtjy  LiM. 

Thomas  Cmwley  of  Nether  Crawley,  in 
parish  of  Lnton  (Beds),  was  tbe  father  of 
Francis   Crawley  of  the  same  place,  one  of 



the  t-tii*^  of  Charles  I.      Th^re  was  no 
ty   ti  L    branch  of    the   fuiiiily, 

I  nov4v  %  represented  hy  Mr.  John 

dke  Cmrlrjr  of  Btockwood   Parkf  in  the 

tj,  HUSRY    H.    GlTtOS. 

*a,  Begmt'i  P&rk. 

ro  Book-Plate  (5**  S.  iv.  464.)— I 
le  of  Mr  Charles  Ciark'B  book-plntea, 
^lue  degree  from  the  one  quoted  by 
""    IK,  there  beinj^  in  my  copy  several 
the   te\t,  while   the   heading   nins 
leader  to  the  Needer  when  a  Reader," 
Mnder  to  the  deader  not  u  Heeder."    In 

foot  of  my  plute  is  the  date  1869, 

(t^ly  I  mjty  note   thnt  my   example  la 

a  copy  of  a  quaint   discoursi',  'Tiod 

lontf   the   Goda  ;  opened  in  a  Sermuu 

kble  House  of  Comiuons/'  &c., 

I'  :>y  John  Wurd,  Minister  of  the 

H^wicuj  and  a  Member  of  i)w  ABaenibly 


S  O'Meara  (5t«»  S.   ir.  467.)-This 

waa  physiciun  to  the  Butlers,  the  greiit 

e.     The  0'Meara$  were  heredi- 

iciiins  to    the   Butlers.      There   is    an 

Dcrmitius  O'Meara  in  the  LeariJi  fr&m 

Phyniciun   \n    the    Seradeenth 

1   by  the   writer  hereof  in   the 

k^M  .li   I  UK  Tloynl  Historicsil  and  Arcbtco- 

bciety  of  Irelftnd,  in   ilhiMtnUion  of  Dr. 

Arthur    Fit^wiJliams'a    Fee-Book    of   a 

)^A.U.  1619-1666. 

Maurice  Le:(iuan,  M.R.I.A. 

LlTKKATUBE  (5»*  S.  IV.  62,  153, 

f   belfry  rules   I  know  of  are 

I  mi  bluck  gothic  letters  on  the  wrdl 

e-door  in  the  tower  at   S cotter, 

••  Yow  ringcrt  All 
who  bus  re  doe  fitU 
AficI  doe  east  over 
tk  bell  doe  forfeit 
to  the  Cljirk*'  tbeirfore 
A  Groute  I  doe  yow 
c«ll  &  if  yow 
ihinck  it  be  to 
little  k  be&re 
A  railimDt  minde 
ymore  yow  giTO 
mto  him  then 
yow  prove  to  him 
mor«  kiude/* 

J.  T.  F. 
HaII,  Durhftm. 

T  version  of  the  lines  quoted  by  A.  R., 
irious  add  it  ton^  marked  below  in  italics, 
be  seen  on  a  tablet  on  the  walla  of  the 
Bowden  Magna,  Leicestershire  : — 

**  If  you  get  Drunk  tttid  hither  Eeel, 
Or  witli  your  Brftwl  Disturb  the  Fcftl ; 
Ot  leiUi  mumtuntfeoui*  horrid  SmoaJk, 
Ton  ctoiul  Ihe  /ioom,  and  Hmffera  C'hnal- ; 
Or  if  you  d»re  proylmne  this  Place 
By  Oiitb,  or  Curse,  or  LitD^irunj^e  Bate ; 
Or  if  you  »hal1  preBunio  in  Peal 
Widi  flfttt,  or  Cr.ftt,  or  armed  Heel ; 
Or  turn  jour  Bell  in  careless  way. 
For  I'Ach  Offence  aball  Two  Pence  pay  ; 
To  break  tliese  Lawi  if  any  hope 
May  leave  the  Bell,  and  take  the  Rope. 

Ei)WAHi»  EvoLiciiSftN,  Church  warden. 
X.B.— He  who  plucki  bia  Bell  over  when  turned  ih&ll 
pmjf  Six  Pence." 

Thomas  North. 
The  Bank,  Leicester. 

Fba^cts  DoutJLAR  (5*'^  S.  iv.  4S7.)— I  huie  no 
Dcnifrhis  pedigrees  to  examine,  but  offer  iVIr. 
CoTTELL  u  jotting  which  nuiy  interest  him.  I 
po3se.«ia  severjil  books  printed  by  Francia  Douglas 
between  1750  and  17G<)  in  Aberdeen,  where  he 
WA^  a  printer,  and  fetl  hia  press  partly  with  his 
own  productionH,  My  authority  also  enables  me 
to  »ay  that  he  had  a  son^  luost  likely  of  the  stitne 
Christian  nr^rne^  and,  residing  at  a  seaport,  the 
latter  may  have  donned  the  blue  jacket,  tiud  in 
process  of  time  have  beo^nie  Ciipttiin  Fninciii 
Dougtas.  Whatever  bin  name  v-vis,  the  printer's 
son  died  in  iwi>7,  at  the  age  of  eighty-one,  and  I 
think  Ijoth  fattier  and  son  would  lit  into  Mti. 
Cottell's  date**-  The  old  pri  nter  was  a  remarkable 
man  ;  he  threw  himself  into  the  celebnited  Douglaa 
Ciiuae  by  wTiting  n  pampblet  upholding  the  wiuuing 
8ide,  for  which  Lord  Archibald  Douglas  rewarded 
him  with  a  favourable  leaMe  of  Abbot  Inch  Farm, 
near  Paisley,  where  he  died  in  17B4  ;  and  although 
the  Fon  wan  then  living,  he  was  succeeded  in  tne 
farm  by  a  son-in-law,  which  raises  the  presumption 
that  the  young  Francifl,upon  my  theory,  was  plough- 
ing the  main,  and  not  dis^wsed  to  turn  fanner. 

J.  0, 

"Wilter"  (r>«h  S.  IV.  46a)-"  To  wih  or 
icHkr,  to  wither.  These  flowerH  are  ail  in' Hat, 
South  and  west."  This  is  what  Captain  Grose 
says  of  the  word  in  his  Frorhtcinl  iilostmrtf.  I 
never  heard  it  used  niyiielf,  and  I  think  It  may 
fairly  be  pronounced  a  "provincialiim.'^ 

J.  H.  L  Oakley. 

Wjverby,  Melton  Mowbray. 

It  is  sometimes  spelt  icdtir.  The  word  is 
commonly  used  in  Cambridgeshire,  and  ixho  in 
the  Isle  of  Wight.  It  is  tn  be  found  in  Webster* 
IHctionary,  and  an  example  is  there  given  from 
J.  Taylor :  — "  irelUrcd  hearts  and  blighted 
memories."  S.  N, 


**  inUj  to  Jose  freshness,  to  droop  ;  to  make 
rtaccid  as  a  green   plant,   hence  to  destroy  the 

*  MuMluHfjw,  i,  €.,  stinking  tobotico. 



WilUtf  to  fibdcy  witbeTf  u  Id  firaqnent  me  Sn 
BMbpflitfe  lo  Ibt  pUcea  oev  tfae  oooatf  town. 
It  ti  Mid  ofM  AM  vlitii  it  fiHi  tbat  ii  *^  wOli  " 

or  »  "  wtltiog.''  Tbomjlb  Rxtvum. 

la  tnj  boyhood  tlit  word  wu  in  ooxumon  ti%  in 
Berkaliire  ;  »nd  unoDg  boji  who  Inpi  laibbits  it 
WM  a  •tricl  rule  to  fire  none  but  tnluA  leares  to 
ih«  animALi  tut  their  hc»lth'«  Mke.       X.  P.  D. 

It  will  be  found  ia  HaIIiweir«  DiVfionary  as  a 
BnclrtnjdiaiiMhtre  ezpreMiiia.  W,  T.  31 

See  Stemb«rg'i  DiaUct  ami  FaOt^lmc  of  Xorth- 

PonTRAtr  or  11*5* ST  Clarke,  LLI>.  (q^  S. 
JU.  307,  :*v  ^'";  ir.  3180-1  am  indebted  to 
jour  cuti  fur  communloitlons  relatire 

lo  thtJi  If  *;-;,.^.      !►  ;>  ^^m.h  to  be 

wijihfHl  tl  He  wae 

in  hI'jL  1  ....:...:  „„^  ^.„.ufd.  Liver- 

poo]  ,1,  and  Sandhant,  where  suc- 

ceiM      ,  IJc  died  intestate,  at  I«Itnj^on^ 

in  J  818.  It  wujK  bin  fate,  when  proposed,  in  1734, 
a«  a  Mooib^T  of  the  Eojal  Society,  to  be  blackr 
bftJlcd  by  the  Prt»ri(lent,  Sir  Joseph  Baoks,  and 
the  tliUUanti  nioniberu  ;  and  in  the  course  of  the 
aoicry  drbutc  which  took  place  at  thjit  time,  the 
lettrnod  Horali'y,  aft^^rworoa  Bishop  of  Rochester, 
^mmt.tpv'rmil  the  **  low  '' ncbootmnster  aa  "a  gentle- 
jDMi  of  thn  moHt  unblemiNheiJ  cbiiracter  in  life,  a 
mathctnutician  of  the  ;^Teutet«t  euiicience." 

John  E.  Bailey. 

Ma».  Pritciiard  (.j»»»  S.  iii.  r>(«> ;  jy.  296,  431, 
•492.)— The  mjotation  of  "yulgap  idiot,"  dec,  ia  to 
be  found  in  IJoiweirw  Life  of  Johnton,  1791,  4to. 
ii.  p.  4(18.  Ho  givea  it  on  tlie  authority  of  KemUe^ 
a»  uied  by  Johuson  in  u  converii^ation  with  ]\Ira. 
8idilon«.  It  in  very  probable  that  Johnson  used 
th«!  woril  idiot,  but  it  ih  hardly  fiiir  to  quoto  the 
expreiinion  a^  a  deliljentte  criticism  or  opinion  of 
Johnnon'H.  It  must  be  remembered  that  the  con- 
verFwition  took  plnce  in  1783,  within  a  few  months 
of  hi*  ileatli,  wiit'ti  Ii«5  was  sufferinp;  from  rhe  cllects 
of  gout,  \tn.Uy,  &c.,  mid  ibat  his  recollections  of 
Mn.  Pritcluird*H  acting  and  actions  thirty  years 
bi*fore  were  probably  not  pleasant.  Is  it  not  fuirto 
coDcbule  that  what  he  Kaid  meant  rather,  "com- 
pared wiib  Mrs.  Siddons,  Pritcbard  was  a  vukar 
idi6i"1  Edward  Sollf. 

Brcauuo  Mn.  W.  WnrsTON  cannot  find  a  saying 
of  Dr.  Johnwon^H  in  bis  "  fire  references,"  lie  sonie- 
Vfhni  hastily  conchidea  it  i^  not  in  the  book,  and 

implies  a  chuge  of  '^namcunej  to  pcterifoiis  writen; 
the  number,  by  li^Il^eitiii^  tiwillie 

It  would  1^  eaaf  to  pnnne,  m  HsmT^  anT 
statetneDt  bj  tadi  mMLsa;  batttAden^^tf.iLi^ 
expect,  and  are  aocnstomed  to,  gtf  ter  cmclnegL 

I  caanot  gire  Mr,  WaIS1^all  a  lefagace 
Crokei's  edition  of  Boawell,  but  he  will  find 
fbUowing  under  date  1783  :—   . 

«*  Prtlchaid,  in  oomnoo  1if«,  was  a  nOgae 
weak]  talk  of  ber  jwW— but  when  she  a|it»eu«d 
the  atace  laeiutd  inspirad  bj  geDtUitjand  omSta 
iac/*— BoewelTf   JL«/<  «/  Dr.    JokntnUf   «oL  in 
edC  18381 

I  Teotared  to  object  to  tbese  wordi, 
coBTeraation,  being  brought  forward  now  as 
cifin  on  an  artre*?  who  for  some  eigbl-:^nd- 
years  held  a  leading  position  on  the  bonr*^«. 

Wbetber  ber  brother,  Mr.  Vaughan. 
not,  aaasstcd  by  Mrs.  Pritcbard  is  n 
oonaeqacnce  ;  bat  why  doea  Me,  Solly  rjiy  ti 
i«  *'  DO  doabt "  he  was  I    The  facts  point  to  • 
ferent  conclusion,  for  he  appears  to  have  "s 
bimaelf  by  claiming  as  coheir  in  some 
left  by  a  Sir.  Leonard,  the  expectation 
had  partly  decided  Mrs.  Pritcbard  to  re( 
her  profession.     See  Thespian  Dictiov^^- 
and    DarieSf    Life    of   (/arriei,    ii. 
Sollt    would    add    to    the  value   ot 
munication  by  criving  his  authority  for  the 
ment     that     AHcIa     Tindal    Palmer    was 
Pritcbard*!  grand-daughter.     Chakles  Wn 

An  omission  in  the  indei  to  the  fine  edition 
Boswellj  mentioned  at  5*  S.  iv.  492,  has  led 
into  asking  an  unnecensary  question.     I  £nd' 
Johnson   spoke  of  Mrs.  Prit\hai'd  aa  **  a 
idiot/'  &.:.,  in  a  conversation  with  Mrs.  Sid( 
17S3,  «o  the  resemblance  to  Walpole'*  *'iDS 
idiot "  is  accidental.     I  trusted  somewhat  too 
plicilJy  to  an  index  I  have  hitherto  found 
trustworthy.  W.  TVai8T0$.| 

John  of  Gaunt^s  Coat  (5*  S.  iv.  445,  494. 
Without  the  least   desire  to    disparage  John 
Gaunt's  cojit,  I  would  suggest  that  the  descripti* 
is  suspiciously  that  of  one  of  the  bripandine  jiicke 
u^ed  by  archers  and  foot  soldiers  in  the  tiftcei 
and  sixteenth  centuries.     The  quilting  of  cam 
and  string,  the  lacing  down  the  front,  the  comi 
no  lower  than  the  hips,  and    the  sleeves 
unattncbcd,  »ro  very  cbymeteristic  of  the  bnf^ 
dine  described  in  Skelton's  MtyridvA  Arms  ai 
ArniQur^  vol*  i.  plate  xxxiv.,  where  we  have 
bowman    ia    that     costume.       Sometiuies 
jackets  itre  mad^:  more  protective  by  small  pi 
of  iron  being  quilted  in, and  the  sleeves  have  tl 
small  plates  also.     My  improasion  is,  they 
worn   by   the   inferior    gwbdo  of    soldiers, 
c^ostume  is  now  so  well  understood  by  antiquj 
that  an  **  expert "  would  soon  decide  the  poii 

SPB.  V,Ja».  8,T«.J 



T  hnpc  I  am  wrong,  for  I  would  niiich  rattier  a 
reuHy  corioaa  nllo  of  "  tiuie-honourod  Lancaster" 
v'liou.ld  be  in  Imag  than  cot.  P.  P. 

T^  K  r*i  "-'*in  Park,  Oxon.,  tbere  isa  pond,  now 

.  called  "Johnny  Gaunt's  pond/' 

.nrs  ia\y  his  "  spirit  "  dwells.     A 

'  ']y  cut  down,  was  also  called 

«'/'    Plot  says,  in  his  Natural 

I  l!  (1G77),  that  the  manor  of 

>.  part  of  the  possessions  of  the 

kmjr^  o(  KngUntl,  *  and  by  descent  "  cnrue  to  John 

ofOutnt"    J^tirely  "Johnny  Gaunt"  must  hiwe 

i'  '   Kirtlington  for  hia  nsune  to  be 

}i  ese  fire  hundred  years. 

G.  J.  Dew. 
Lower  Htyford,  Oxon. 

PoiT9  riTB  Mastbbs  of   Lakouagb  :   Lord 
Btjio*  (4**  B,  %i.  110;  5*  S.  iv.  431,  41)1  ;  v.  14.) 
—  Aj    I    #»ntirely    disngr^e    with    MAKRocnEm 
':r.    'i?,V,  \>nth  in  his  estimate  of  Lord  Byron's 
.  and  as  to  his  or  any  piet's  right 
mar  for  the  sake  of  a  rhyme,  nnd 
Aitild  to  accept  it  as  ;?ood  Englisb,  I 
:\cr  of  your  reiwlew  wbiit  they  think  of 
'   he  word  **  sung  " : — 
the  idea  of  Oreeca  ! 
1     '-     .1  iiud  iung, 
J  po'tce, 
nis  sprung  r* 

WiUtof  ftcoit  uses  the  wordg  '*ahttU"and 

i  '  In  lii-f  no%*elfl  very  confusedly;    but  this 

them  h.ive  no  separate  nieitning, 

c  to  think  th.'it  Scott's  genius  Wiw 

»•  original  than  Byron's,     Surely* 

depth  and   more  achohirly  trc:it- 

ritivi,  Mattdy  and  Locktley  Hall 

^•  Harold^  The   CWaair,  and  Voti 

•  I  atu  sure  that  Tennyson  would  not 

to  follow  him  iniklae  grammar,  if  we 

i  it  ui  hts  writings. 

A.LPACD  Gattt,  D,D,. 
..    . .  „    1  Vicvnura,  SbelB«ld. 

Riiit.&rtir  OK  WtQToiTX  :  Gyll  and  Flemtng 

-.  iv.  511,)— H.  S.  G.  is  quite  right 

-  that  the  worda  quott'd  by  htm 

.  n  ---V:,   1:     '    ^        -,^  " 

'•.-  -1  of 

^'  i  111*  fiitry 

.  who  married 
.    *,..,  .......  ,-...   .....  . .;ve  form,  is  q« 

rut  Jftf«*v  only  •urriring  datii^Jttpr  of  Hamilton 
T  in  the  nrriiy.  He  cl»irmd  the  title 
>ri.  but  ivM  fouiiil  by  the  Liirdi'<*  Cotu- 

•1  i  .rnii>xc»  to  liATe  bu  right  to  tiia  p»me  " 

Oio.  iLuutiiioH,  Windjsor  Ucnild. 

hi  Koke,Oddin{Tton,  Lower  He}'ford,and,  I  believe, 
at  Souldern,  in  O.xfordshire.  The  woman  who 
oflBciated  at  Lower  Heyford  was  the  daughter  of 
a  pariah  clerk  who  was  deaf,  and  for  year*  had 
assisted  her  father  at  certain  periods  of  the  service 
by  a  friendly  jo^.  One  baplesB  Sunday  afternoon 
the  old  clerk  indulged  in  a  anore,  when  tb**  accus- 
tomed joj^  brought  out  a  sonorous  "  Amen  "  in  the 
middle  of  the  «enuon.  G.  J.  Dew. 

Lower  Hey  fori,  Oxon. 

Author  Wanted  (6«>  S.  iv.  467,  522.)— 
C.  H.  P.  poesesaes  what  appears  to  be  a  somewhat 
valuable  edition  of  Lord  Brooke\i  works.  Lord 
Brooke,  better  known,  perhaps,  as  Fulke  Greville, 
was  one  of  the  most  prominent  political  characters 
of  his  day,  and  the  power  which  he  acquired  under' 
James  L  excited  the  jealousy  of  Cecd  himself. 
Hia  most  important  poetical  work  j3  Coe/iw,  a 
collection  of  graceful  and  unullccteJ  lyrics.  Of 
bis  pby  of  MuM'tpJui^  Bvhk'f^L^  {Dram.  Art  and 
LiL}^  after  speaking  of  SuckviUe's  Qorhoiluc,  says ; 

"  Mftaiftpka,  another  URtucc>P89fu1  wort  of  a  kindreds 
dcscrijktiou,  antl  also  l«y  a  i^at  lorH,  U  n  tcdiou*  web  or 
all  Kirt»  of  jRtUticid  subtleties;  thochorucciiu  |)art)ctil&f 
are  true  treatites/' 

Perhaps  the  best  account  of  Lord  Br^wko  mskf^ 
be  found  pre6xe<i  to  his  works  in  Grosart's  edition|,' 
in  4  vok,  m  "  The  Fuller  Worthies'  Library." 
Geo.  W.  Nkwam« 

The  book  referred  to  by  C.  H.  P.  evidentlj 
wants  I  he  title- paj^e.     It  is  as  follows  : — 

''Ceitft'me  Lc»med  and  EIegai»t  ^VMrk*;i  of  the  Ri^bt  < 
HoTiuTiible  Fulke,  Lord  Brooke,  Written  i«  Uia  Yout}t|. 
Af*d  familiar  Exercise  with  Sir  Philip  Sidney/*    Loudon» 

kc,  -am. 

My  cop}',  which  was  formerly  Southey's,  baa  his 
auto;Trapb'  After  the  title-pnge  the  work  begins, 
as  your  correspondent  aays,  on  p,  2^. 

.Southey,  in  bis  notes  in  ray  copy,  snya  :  — 

**  Twenty  ' ■•  "^^  the  beRinninj:  of  the  volume  bore 

been  canct?'  il»W  they  cohtaiucd  fomethm^  to 

wliichth<'<  ted.      No  coi>y  coiitajnif4g  thtiia 

has  yet  beeu  fuuivd," 

Various  conjeclurea  have  been  hoxarded  as  to 
what  these  pages  contained,  but  no  thoroughly 
satinfactory  solution  has  been  Riven,  except  the 
one  in  the  Bioyrophia  BritanniAia^  quoted  by  Mr. 
Groftart,  viz.  :— 

"  That  'here  wa»  r' '  "*  '  itter,  cont^inini;  a  life 

of  the  author,  with  fu  i  hi<  oiurder  thun  hi« 

friends  cared  to  let  thcj  j.  ' 

a.  W.  KAriER. 
Atderley  Edge. 

WHirrxNQ  Doos  out  of  Chup-cu  (5»*  S.  iv.  3t)0, 

A    curious  illustration   of  the    custom   of 

ilojis  to  churches  n»ay  bo  found  in  the 

^.  n  out  of  ten  picture*  of  ijiteriora  of 

irite  subjects  with  Dutch  artiste  In 


panyiti^  their oWDeiB  in  tbeu  lacred  edifices.  Two 
aucb  pictures  are  now  in  tlie  Museum  at  Betlinal 
Clreen.  I  cannot  positively  lecoUect  a  picture 
showing  a  do^  in  church  during  "service  time.'* 
""*  Yolgrave  '*  (Youlgreave)  Church  iw  near  Bakewell 
— Dot  in  the  Peak,  aa  Mr.  Sleiuu  appears  to  tell 

UB.  F.    G.    STEniENS. 

Bean  Swift  (5*i»  S.  iv.  328,  397,  434,  497.)— 
In  Sir  Walter  Scott'a  Mtmoirs  of  Jonathan  Swift^ 
prefixed  to  his  worliSj  he  distinctly  etntea  thftt  *'a 
moat  intimate  friend  of  his  own"  (the  father  of 
Lord  Kinedder)  ^*  declined  to  .see  Swift  in  his 
♦lotage  hj  mean.^  of  privately  giving  money  to  his 
servants,  hut  that  he  did  see  him  through  the 
interest  of  a  clergymsm."  WOl  your  corrospoo- 
denta  give  their  rvusons  for  disbelieving  thia  clear 
statement  ?  Lindis. 

The  PaiwcEsa  Sobieski,  1719  (5^  S.  v,  9.) 
— The  cscnpe  of  t!iG  Princess  Sohieski  from  lun- 
BpiTick  in  April,  17  HI,  was  arranged  and  carried 
out  hy  Mr.  Charles*  Wogan,  with  the  aasistrtnce  of 
Major  !Mi«set  and  hia  wife,  together  with  Cliateau- 
deau,  who  was  gentleman  usher  to  the  Princess. 
A  full  account  was  published  in  1722  by  Wogan, 
under  the  title  Fcmah:  FortUvdt  cx^^npUtiai  in 
the  Nairativi  of  the  Stizure^  Escnpc^  and  Marriage 
of  the  PrinciJts  Chmmtina  Sobie^ki^  London,  8vo. 
A  good  general  account  of  the  matter  is  given  hy 
G.  H.  Jesse, in  The  Memoirs  of  tkc  Pretenders  a7id 
t!u^ir  Adhemils,  p.  54,  Bohn's  edit.,  1858,  Further 
interesting  details  are  to  be  met  with  in  The  Stuart 
Fapers^  edited  by  J.  H.  Glover,  8vo.,  1847.  A 
letter  from  Home,  in  the  Mernire  nifto7ique  et 
Poliiitnie  for  June,  1719,  gives  un  account  of  her 
reception  at  the  Quinnid  by  the  Pope^  to  whom 
she  wna  introduced  incognito  through  the  garden, 
and  who  received  her  "»vec  tie  grandes  marques 
de  tcndresse."  Edward  Sollt. 

Bee  reference  to  Sir  Oharle:s  Wogan's  work, 
"  N.  &  Q.,"  2^^  S.  V.  IL  K.  NuROATE. 

[Seo  ftko  "N.  &  Q.,"  4'"  8  ii.  104,  and  CCC  X.  !.'■ 
rrferenco  to  farther  particulars  to  be  found  in  Mr. 
'Ingiftirii'a  account  of  Jftcobttc  medftlB  in  the  Num., 
^Ckron.,  First  Series,  ISOl?.] 

Thb  CfULD  or  Halr  (S*!*  S.  iv.  44, 95.)— In  the 
Gurird  Chamber  fit  Hurapton  Court  there  is  a  por- 
tmit  by  F.  Zucchero,  which  is  described  in  the 
guide-book  as  follows  : — **  Queen  Elizabeth's  Por- 
ter, in  a  Spanish  dress.  He  wa5  seven  feet  six 
inches  in  height."  A  note  to  this  states  that  he 
wn&  "  the  Child  of  Hale,  born  Nov.  2,  — »  burte<I  at 
Hale,  Latic.'iahire  (the  property  of  Ireluud  Black- 
bume),  north  about  twelve  miles  from  Liverpool" 

Emily  Cole. 


Sir  Richard  Phillips  (5^  S.  iv.  95, 136, 180.) 
— I,  ai  well  «s  Olphau,  would  aak  why 

"  alias  Sir  Philip  Richards  "  I  There  mn  be  no 
doubt  as  to  his  ufuue;  if  not  a  native  of  Leie^sster, 
he  live*!  there  before  going  to  London.  I  knew 
him  hy  sight  myself,  and  was  well  acquainted 
with  people  who  had  been  intimate  with  him  in 
the  various  stagefl  of  his  life,  while  living  in  Lei- 
cester before  his  rise  in  the  world,  during  bis 
prosperity,  and  after  hia  fall.  1  remember  onej 
person,  who  knew  something  of  his  circum3lani.M 
being  present  when  his  knighthood  wtw  nventionedj 
and  he  said,  "You  will  soon  see  him  xvhrreasd^ 
This  expression  I  was  too  young  to  underistai 
but  I  found  it  referred  to  the  advertisement 
bankruptcy,  which  formerly  began  "  Whereas  * 
commission,"  &c,  Ellcek. 



The  Vicar  ot  Savot  (5«*  S.  iv.  149,  191.)- 
Dr.  Ltttlediile*3  article  on  "Church  Parties, 
the  Contemporanj  Rtimc  of  July,  1874,  he  refeis 
to  the  Jesuit  Lorinua  as  saying  that  the  '*  per- 
petual tigony  of  the  lost  is  to  be  one  of  the  chief 
delights  of  glorified  saints  in  heaven,"  Dr.  Little-, 
dale  adds  emphatically,  "  Ugh  I"  M.  V. 

"TnERE  WAS  AS  apk,"  kc.  (5th  S.  [y^  |4<^^  21  ^ 
275.)— I  think  Middlk  Templar  is  mi^t.ikeii 
when  he  says,  "  It  is  gre^'lt  toes  to  their  feet  that 
they  want."  **  Hinder  thumbs  '  they  certainly 
have,  iind  know  how  to  use  them  ;  and  it  seems 
to  me  that  these  may  well  be  called  "  great  toea," 
by  courtesy  at  least,  though  the  beasts  ;Lre  termed 
qutidrumana.  W.  J.  Bernhabd  S«itu. 


Walktno  on  toe  Water  (5^*^  S.  iii.  44G,  495 j 
iv.  17,  276.)— 

"To  do  tlii?,  take  two  Uttle  TimbrcU,  nnil  bind  tin 
under  the  soIcb  of  thj  feet,  and  ut  thy  stavL>'s  end  fasti 
iinother ;  unci  with  theso  you  m  ly  wRtk  on  the  w»terj 
unto  the  woii<icr  of  all  such  m  «lmU  see  the  fume  ;  if 
be  jou  riften  exercise  tbe  Ansae,  wilti  a  certiiin  boldnc 
and  UghtiicM  of  the  bodj." 

"Lightness  of  the  body"  would  doubtless  be 
veiy  important  proviso.    A  w<Khlcut  illustrates 
process.    The  above  occurs  in  a  curious  little  " 
entitled  ^ — 

"  Natural  and  Artificial  ConcloHions.  .  .  .  Enj^lisht 
and  BCt  forth  by  Thnmas  Hil}»  Londoner*  whuse  oi 
Experimeate;  in  tliin  kind  were  hetd  most  excellent 
to  recreate  Wits  withal  at  vacant  tituot.  bofidc 
Printedby  A.  M.  .  .  .  1070." 

Smallest  Svo.,  black  letter.    See  sig.  D  5. 

T.  D. 


M'Kekzie  Family  (5*^8.  iv.  248,377.)-Tl 
only  date  which  I  ciin   give  with  regurd   to  tl 
M*kenzie  query  is  that  of  the  death  af  the  Rei 
WiliitimGarnett,  which  occurred  at  Jersey  in  18^ 
His  age  was  eighty  four,  so  that  he  must  have  b< 
born  about  the  year  1760.        W.  G.  TAlTN'rON. 





•*  A  KOOK  A»D  HALF  YARD  OF  LAKD  "  (6"»  S. 

iii,  409,  453;  W.  fl6.)— A  "nook"  wna  a  quarter 
of  a  "  yard  knd"  Phillips  (Did.,  ed.  1706)  says 
that  «ome  reckoo  a  nooK  the  Btirae  an  a  furdel, 
"whilst  others  will  have  two  fardels  to  make  one 
noc»k.  Thij  difference  probably  jurose  from  the 
varying  aixe  of  a  yard  land.  Cowel  stateH  that  the 
yard  wms  aometimea  styled  a  verge  of  land  ;  it  is 
commoal J  derived  from  the  Saxon  Girdland,  In 
tlie  law  dietionarieg  of  Cowel  and  B!ount  the 
rooanipg  of  the  word  nook  is  not  given»  but  it  may 
be  found  »o  Phillips,  Bailey,  Keraey,  Ash,  and 
mofit  of  the  dictionaries  of  the  century. 

Edward  Sollt, 

A  "  node  "  of  land  ii  described  by  Bailey  as  the 
fr —"*  :  "Tt  of  a  "yardland,"  The  same  author 
hmd  "  is  a  quantity  of  hind  containing 
iti  --Ji.  ijountiea  twenty^  in  others  twenty-four, 
Uiirty,  and  forty  acre*?,  but  at  Wimbledon,  in 
Sarrcy,  no  more  than  Hfteen.  Dr.  Cowel's  Inttr- 
prttcr  sayR ; — 

**  TkU  yardlanJ.  Bracton,  lib  ii.  cap.  10  and  27»  culla 
Virsfttatn  terrm,  but  expreues  no  certainty  wlj&t  it 
cfitiUiu*.  Il  i«  culled  ft  rerii©  of  ItiniJ,  Anno  25  E.  I., 
8U(ate  of  Waidfl.     Soe  Belden'«  TUtcs  of  Honour,  ful. 

John  Parkin. 
Idrtdgthay^  oear  Derby. 

«  V^s^x  "  OR  «  PE^•T  "  (5»»  S.  iii.  148,  336  ;  iv. 

113,    £o>4.)— The    spelling   of    this  word    Ln   the 

/      '  1    Version   of    1611    is    by   no   mean* 

In    »S.   Matt.   XX.   2,    xxii.    18,   it   ia 

.  ;  1ft  versefr9,  10,  and  13  of  the  former  of 

•t    -V  :\i  .{)t»  r-,  and  in  Rev,  vi.  G,  '*penie"  is  used  ; 

n  S.  AUrk  xii.  15,  '*  penny."     "  Penni worth  " 

r-1  in  S,  Mark  vL  37,  and  "  penyworth  "  in 

:.    I    hn  ri.  7.     In  the  marginal  explanation  given 

nt  S.  ^tatL  xviii.  28,  and  S.  Mark  vi.  37,  xii.  15, 

we  hare  **  penie,"  and  in  that  at  S.  Matt.  xx.  2, 

**  Rsny.**  T.  Lewis  0.  Davies. 

«w  Tree  Vicamge,  Southkmpton. 

**  Ci?iltM  "  (6»*  288,  472.)— Civier  occurs 
as  a  tuntODM  in  the  seventeenth  century  in  the 
Daiiih  regtttefs  of  Oldswinford,  Worcestershire. 
I  alirayi  i^iippoaed  the  family  to  be  of  French 
iil>MPt>     It  is  tometioies  written  Sevier. 

H,  S.  G. 

MrrAL  Tobacco  Pifks  (5**'  S.  iv.  328,  496.)— 

lit*   AshAntee  ppoil*  exhibited  lately  at 

liHington  Museum  were  to  be  seen  one  or 

!  hanasotne  tobacco  pipes,  both  bowl  and 

ng  formed  out  of  pure  African  gold. 



Animal  Parantis  and  Meismale*,    By  P.J.  Van  Bene- 

den.    With  Tliirtythree  lllustratioiis.    (H-S.  Kingli 

Thk  abi^ve  i«  the  twentieth  volDme  of  the  Internatiorial 
ScienliGc  Series,  und  the  accom}iii&lied  pntfesaor  Mt  the 
UnirerBity  of  IrQUvain  tnay  r«Bt  weured  tniwt  he  will  have 
a  gratefut,  if  often  itftrtled,  public.  There  is  an  much 
amutteiDent  U*  be  deriTcd  from  Prof.  Bencdeti's  pagea  aa 
there  is  instruction.  The  hist  pace  recommend*  the 
prcierTfttion  of  the  3f&skcd  Reduvius  {Reduvinx  prrno- 
»atu«),  ag  it  is  the  IJerceat  enemy  of  "one  ipectcs,  the 
name  of  which  may  be  readily  guessed — Arunthiti  //da- 
ifdriVt  "';  but  V)  he  re  there  is  eorupiilouf  ctetinlineu  in  a 
houfchold  there  would  be  no  coign  of  vantage  for  these 
two  dirty  adrersuries. 

A  Jlutory  of  Eton  College,  1440— ]S75.  By  H,  C.  Max- 
well Lytc"  MA.  \\n\\  inuntrttiona  by  P.  L.  Delji- 
mntte,  ic.  (Mncmilliin  &,  Co.) 
TuiiS  book  m&y  be  be«t  drscribed  by  saying  that  it  ii 
splendid  citemally  and  internally.  It  would  be  difl5- 
cttlt  tr>  excel  Mr.  Ljte  in  bia  qualifications  for  the  au- 
thofiihtp  of  such  a  uork.  Hia  narrative,  nome  of  it 
ii.cludiiig  much  important  history,  is  attractive  from 
be|;inning  to  end.  The  typo  is  somelhing  "  comfortable  " 
for  uny  eye  to  contemplate  ;  the  paper  ai  stxixu  to  the 
touch;  the  illuitrations  of  the  best  artistic  qiutUty;  and 
the  binding  original,  nnd  in  the  rery  boat  tuste.  Muchi 
Kaa  been  written  about  Etonians,  and  rery  well  writtt-i 
too:  but  Eton  OoUfge  iCflelf  hai  never  had  «o  gmceful 
and  perfect  a  chronicler  as  now,  in  the  person  of  Mr. 
by  to. 

Qnttn  Mary.    Two  old  Plays,  by  Decker  andWebtter,| 
nnd  Thomas  Hcywood.      Newly  Edited   by  Willii 
John  Blew,  with  &  Pr^fntory  Lsfapr  on  the  Relational 
of  the  Old  and   Modern  Dranuu  m  thia  Chapter  ' 
History.     (Piok<rii>g) 
IT  ERK  are  two  ohl  play«,  Thie  Fumnus  History  of  Sir  TAoinc 
U'}/a(tt  fttid  that  very  singulnr  drama,  ff  i^nu  Know  a< 
Aff^fon  Know  y»fKtdy ;  or,  tht  TrouhUi  of  Qu^en  Ehu 
brth.    The  latter  bat  been  recently  reprinted  in  Oer»| 
many.      They  afford  opportunity  for  compariiou  wtLk 
Mr.  Tennyson's  ^w*<*a  J/ary^  and  the  two  book*  may  be 
botmd  together.     Mr.   Blew*!  essay  will   repay  perusal, 
and  it  should  be  read  «fter  the  two  old  plays  and  a  re> 
reading  of  the  Poet  Lnureute's. 

The  Ltrntathirt  Lihrary :  a  BibUographIca!   Account  of 

Books  <^n  Topography,  Btograpliy,   Uiitory,  Science, 

and  Mi«cellttneou.<i  Literature  relating  to  the  County 

Palatine.       Including    an     Account    of    Lancashire 

Tracts,  Pamphlets,  and  yermons  Printed  before  the 

Year    1720;    with    Collations,   and    Biblioeraphica(» 

Critical,  and   Biographical   N«.tte«  on  the  Rooks   ami 

Authors.     By    Lieut.  Col.    Henry    Fish  wick,    F.S.A. 

(Routledge  k  Sons.) 

All  that  the  above  copioui  title  page  promises  or  im* 

pHcB  is  perfectly  accomplt^lied  in  the  stjcceedtng  pagei. 

Col,  Fiebwick  ha*  remlered  most  valaable  and  trr\pof  tant 

service,  not  merely  to  the  County  Palatine^  hut  to  the 

literature  of  England  generally.     The  neoesaary  Irtboor 

must  hare  been  eiiorm«iuf,  and  none  eeemi  to  have  been 

rpnred  in  order  to  give  inqnirers  alt  the  information  that 

could  be  got  together  of  authors,  works,  and  the  selling 

price  of  th»  latter,  coitncc tod  with  tho  imporiant  ihire 

of  Lancaster. 

By  Edward  8.  Monc.  M.D. 

Firtl  Book  of  Zoology, 

|H.  S.  King  ft  Co.) 
*'Ca  n*Qit  <}ii«  le  pTcm\cT^«a 

VJuVftJ*  utAlwt  ^vsv 



[P*  8.  V.  JAsr.  S,  »7€. 

«rhelp  to  mnko  a  firat  ttop  Bftfely  in  the  »tudy  of  any 
Bcienco  the  student  ie  often  kept  from  niMkiiig  vrogrcsj. 
Di%  Morse,  under^tindiiig  youthful  folk  nthii^t  for 
knowlcdfe,  hu  girert  them  just  sucli  a  wark  at  young 
loologiitd  require  in  thia  Fit/t  limk. 
Wifii  ft/  Oku.  Curious*,  Eccentric,  and  B[;neTolcnt 
Collected  und  Armnged  by  William  Ta^g.    {Togg  k 

HrRE  ere  %  hundred  and  odd  pagct  of  niattera  grave 
and  pay,  and  all  full  of  character-  They  are  all  true 
i\Hi,  and  they  -^r<?  worth  a  «core  of  buoks  of  fiction  written 
only  fur  auiiiaemeut. 

«ADTHO]ts  aru  Qt70TATio»8  Waktei*  (6"'  S.  T.  19.)— 
•'  The  glowinj*  )K>rtrjvit«,  frerfi  from  life,  that  brjuj; 
Home  tr>  tho  hoort."  kc, 
From  Uyriiu'^*  Mitttotiy  ort  M^  2)<a/A  of  Sheridan. 
"  Deep  sighted  in  int(.dligcnce». 
Ideas,  atoBi!".  iuflaence^/' 

Undibra*,  part  i.  c.  L  1.  533. 

F.    BVLK. 

•'  Tlie  Spring  pctttms,"  kc. 

The  porm  imiuired  for  is  an  Ele^,  written  in  Sprinp, 
by  Michael  firucc  (born  1746),  ebortly  before  his  death, 
July,  1767,  and  bei^inning,  "  Tia  \'Mt :  tho  irtm  North 
htijt'dpent  bis  rii^e."    The  uixteen'h  vcrwe  is  thi»: — 
"Now,  Spring  retunia  :  but  not  to  mo  returns 
The  vernnl  joy  my  Vetteryearw  huve  known; 

Dim  in  my  breast  life'*  dyinp  taper  burn«, 

Ajid  all  til"  joys  of  life  with  health  are  fl /wn," 
BcTcn  veriea  fullow.  Sepnrftied  from  tho  e:irlier  veraof, 
"  Now  SpriDpr  returns  ''  i»»«  set  to  mufeic  by  *  A  Lady  " 
brtore  the  cloic  of  the  century.  A  pnntctJ  copy  h  in  tho 
British  Muccum  collection  of  En^iUah  sonj:?,  prtss  innrk 
G.  7'M.  The  po*m.  an  intereating  relic  of  poor  Bruce, 
U  iu  Sharpe'ii  liniM  Poets,  Iv.  91.  J.  W.  E. 

Molaah,  by  Aahford,  Kent 

Surely  .MiUon'a  tinea  {Paratlitt  Li»t,  bk.  iii.  40) 
bcgiiininjf,  "Thu*  with  the  yenr,"  mu»t  be  tho  DAP  of 
I».  A.  D/»  (5'*  8.  T.  19)  i  if  not,  the  rolationsiiip  is  a  very 
cIo6«  one.  F.  E.dl£. 

Ajj  Olp  Carol  (f)"*  S.  t.  P.)— This  carol  is  too  lonR  to 

JlUOte  in  fuU  ;  it  in  printed  in  The  Merric  f/eart ;  u  Vol- 
rctiun  of  flavour ite  Nuritn-if  Rhtfiticx  hy  M.  E.  Q. 
<London,  C.«Mell,  Tetter  &  tiaipin), '  HEirr  F. 

Scci  Halliwoira  xV«r*cry  Rkyvtet.  H. 

I  Ml 

I  Oil 

I>TATfr  OF  W.  DuRmA5T  CooFEE,  F.8.A-— It  ifl  with 
il>  :  that  we  haTe<to  record  the  death  of  one  of 

I  coiiiriUittjra  to  tliese  column*,  Ma.  W,  1>cp.- 

:  '         I  II,  \rhich  took  place  on  the  28th  ult.     M'R. 

CvuFiii  hud  for  many  year*  taken  an  nctive  ftTid  mieful 
j»art  in  the  inaiiajfeiitent  of  the  Camden  iind  other  lite- 
rary and  anti(juuii'in  societies  and  hi^d  etiited  various 
io^ks  for  then*.  He  was  one  of  the  proiaoter«  of  tho 
Sussex  Anjhajuhigical  Society,  in  the  wclfure  of  which  ho 
look  great  interest,  and  was  a  contributor  of  many  valu- 
able  &rtick>a  to  the  <Suracx  Arehttitl<»pcalJournnl—otie 
of  the  moBt  importiut  of  our  local  antiquarian  journals. 
Hia  tSiittfx  (Jhfmty  miid  hta  JJiUoiy  oj  Wmclithetf  fur- 
ninh  other  proi'fa  oC  the  tritereftt  he  took  in  the  literary 
ilhtblratinn  of  his  native  county,  where  hu  uarntr will  long 
bo  remembered  iwith  regard,  as  it  will  among  a  Urge 
circle  of  London  friends, 

**  CHtetTcxHAM  Christmas  Versks"  (5"  S.  iv.  5r>4.J— 
Thceo  veries,  fluid  by  our  correapondent  W,  B.  Stkco- 
^«Li.  to  be  sung  annually  at  the  door  of  every  houac  in 
CheUenbaoi,  have,  since  they  were  in  type,  recalled  to 
memory  some  of  the  literature  of  childhood,  and  we  find 

them  quoted  by  Mim  Ediceworth  (in  Hoiinmond[).  See 
Lucy  Aikin'i  f'otirv  for  Vhildrt'*.  Tho  original  Rf*h>nt 
Pttttitm.  baa  conHiderably  auffered  in  the  wordt  taken 
down  •*  from  ii  sturJy  country  boy."  Aa  to  another  fact, 
the  editor  of  tho  alile  local  paper.  The  Chdienham  Mtr- 
rwrv.  Bays :  "  Wo  venture  to  assert  that  tho  *  oldest  in- 
habitant.'ifhecould  ijc  a«ked  to  corn»boratc  th.^  amettiou 
that  the  '  caro!  U  aung  at  the  door  of  cvHry  houie  in  this 
t>>wn  at  Chrietmaa-tide."  woald  u&y  that  his  memory  tttiMt 
be  very  defective,  as  it  was  never  sung  within  bidr«mexD- 

Messrs.  Chatto  k  Wikpus  have  nocomplithed  a  note-, 
worthy  taak.  They  have  publi§hed  a  fac-aimile  of 
folio  edition  of  Shakspean;  of  1»J"2'3.  One  copy  of  tl 
original  was  ar>ld  for  TOO/.  The  fac-«imile  costs  but: 
few  BbilUiigs.  The  type  is  amritl.  but  le^j^iMc  ;  and 
whole  thin<  is  marvellous  as  a  curiusity,  and  very  mi 
to  be  desired  for  a  posseBsian. 

A  HKW  edition  of  Tttt   ingoid^hy    L*gi>%di,  in 
elegant»le  volumes,  has  been  iwued  by  Mr- 
ley,     tt  wHl  puKTilc  him,  next  year,  to  produce  another 
more  twiteful  and  gem-like  than  thii. 

Ilaticr^  to  Cnrrr^liciitUrriltf. 

Uk  all  communicationa  abouM  be  written  the  namaatid 
addrc»!<  of  the  aondorf  not  necesaarily  for  pubJioattoin, 
VL»  a  Liiiarantee  of  good  fnitb, 

Jaukz.— Charles  Edward,  tho  "YontJg  ProtBndaf,*_ 
creattrd  his  illcjcitinrntij  daii^hter,  by  I^liss  Wn  Ik  en  thaw/ 
DnchtMs  of  Albany.  The  I>ucho-H  died  unmarried  ia 
1789,  the  year  after  her  father's  death.  The  lirio^ 
Chcirlea  Edward  Stuart  ia  not  old  enough  to  claim  to  be 
her  eon ;  and  if  he  werej  it  would  not  help  him  ii 
c'aim  to  be  the  legitimate  representative  of  tiie 
prince,  Charles  Ednard. 

CiiiciiELE    Fa  MILT.— Some   correapondcn'"    ^"^v 
intoreated  in  th"  following;  extmct  from  i\. 
toKue  of  JWr.   Brougli  of  Hirniinjrham  :— *' <- 
Account  of  the  Familrea  derived  from  Thoma-  Uhichi! 
or'  Higham   Ferrt-rs,  in  tho  Co.  of  Northampton, 
plate*,  and  nearly  3Q0  Pedigreres  of  Families,  old 
IOj.  13</.     Privately  printed,  17t>5." 

W.  F.  (Bury  St.  Edmunds.) -All  that  U  wonted 
with  regard  lo  "  Not  lost,  but  gone  before,"  is  nn  ci 
in-tatrCt;  of  similar  word^  proviouB  to  that  afforded  in 
epiuph  on  Mary  Angell,  who  died  16^11  (**  N.  k  Q. 
8.  iv.  627;. 

Cahtab.— Strift'a  Meditation  upon  a  Broomi 
according  to  the  HhfU  and  Manner  of  the  Ho/i^  fh 
Boi/tt'a  McditatwHSf  is  to  be  found  in  all  editions 
Swift'a  works.  See  also  Mr,  Forstcr'a  Lif^  of  S^i 
vol.  i.  p.  -ilS. 

If  Beta  (S'^'S.  v.  9)  will  commnnicata  with  roe,  T 
perhaps  help  him  as  to  the  tatter  part  of  bin  qtierj.* 
K.  Bloxam,  County  Chambers,  Exeter. 

A.  L,  0.— Sec  "N.  k  Q,"  y"  S.  iv.  451. 
W.  U.  B.— Already  recorded. 
N.  B.  W.— Next  week. 

B.  E.  N, -^Accept  our  warmest  tbanki. 


Kditortal  Communicaiiona  should  be  addreised  to  **  Tl 
Editor  of  '  Notca  and  Queries'"— A dvcrtiaeiBeiiti 
BuMRcss  TiBttera  to  "  Tht  l'ubli»her  "— at  the  Offiot, 
Wellington  Street,  Strand,  London,  W.C. 

We  beg  leave  to  state  thut  w«  decline  to  return  com* 
munications  which,  fyr  any  reason,  we  do  not  print,- 
to  thia  rule  we  can  make  no  exception. 




L0jr90Jt,  idjr&nA  y,  jakvarv  ia,  ir*. 

CONTEXTS. -N*  107. 

IfCyTB3>«T\EBa7loa«ld8bcnef,  *1— The  Freoch  SUtc  Paper 
Ont^—JBttoa't  ltwrtiy>  4S — Mrt.  Blnckea,  a  DiiUEihtcr  of 
til*  PriBOM  CHivc— Tbv  M&Dtia,  or  HotU^ntot  Ood,  H— New 
TuiJmlll  IfytiUil  Atb«fMHtU,  45— The  Exticuti^ibcr  Ctf 
L — ••GeMBerty"  —  I^ijrzDolo^  of  "Goldea/*  co. 
:  Bavjrmn  «nd  MAaUlon,  40. 

QUZRi;^ :— "  Th»  Pt*ct!c*  of  Piety  "— Bfv,  —  Birch,  Eector 
C<  Hdo^bUM  CMvjnect.  Bedfonl.  47— Lkweljn  ap  Grimth 
•ad  lui  t>ac»Bd»nto— Heraldic— Sir  B.  Wrcjoch,  M.D.— 
FUls — PTt^fieformiktlQii  Church  Plate  — ThotnM 
Gnj't  Inn  GuinsR  "— N€e<l  Fira— Heraldic— 
D*»id— "The  Soaet7of  iJlui?  aud  Orange."  4S 
— **Tbe  Ukbop*!  had  his  fool  in  it"— Marjorlil  Conrts- 
Xke  Seavenffd^  (MBott  in  the  Seveoteeath  Lcutuiy— Swmtoo 

:— -ITie  Boffi,"4d-"Caldei"— PoeU  tli©  Muten 

:   'noUen— Knighta  Templars,   32- 

BMnsdaiD,"   &3— Leases   for   tJU   or  (nxt 

of  lABf 

GMMi  kaigbt"— Canon  Law— The  Humrolng-Top 
Ic^  ftl— lioutae  Latean— "  Ek>  nnto  othen,"  j:c— Tlui 
«f  Kxecaton— The  Pie-Sfnkert  ami  Artiita  to 
of  the  SeTcDteenth  and  Eighteenth  Centniiei  In 
GfMl  BMtabi.  &&-£.  8.  Per?',  M.F.-8kikelthorpo— WU^ 
Ham.  UHfd  Earl  of  Pembroke -A  rftbella  FltxJ4ine«— The 
I— Mrui-o'-the-WlBp- "  Nea»":  To  Lamm,  m 
I— The  Ori^n  and  J^yrnJ^Kiltfira  of  the  C*r- 
l«  Bad  fiat  — '*  Lunclieou  "— L<jr-1  Ljtton'j  ^*Kin|C 
;*  *7— llfracombe— Trcenwore— iloounicntiit  tnscrip- 
tlMM  ia  y^nnao-Frwich,  5S. 

Kebs  ea  Bodb^  4c. 

I*  Ibe  p«nille]iana  pointed  out  by  Mr.  BcLlex 
ly^  S.  W.  464)  more  tluui  one  of  msmy  indications 
ftt  ibe  tuppence  exercised  over  the  niind  of  our 
lMna»te,  ^*hen  joun^;,  by  Shelley  \  In  the  margin 
•rf  my  ropy  I  have  noted  many  such,  starting  from 
)iii  iir,t  tifi>>lished  work.  Tht  Chorus^  in  the 
y  re-echoes  Shelley's  poem  on  Deiitb : — 

_„  Ht\v  the  countleia  forma 

i'!  „'»,  the  won Jrous  tones 

i  beast,  are  fall  of  strange 
,\'C.  n-iiment  and  boundless  charge/' 

''  AU  that  U  great  and  all  that;  is  strange 
ta  t}je  boundless  realm  of  uneoding  chango." 

I(Bny«oo*s  Xo  Mort^—^ 
"Oh  ii«l  AQ  more  J  oh  sweet  no  more  f 
t»h  itrange  no  wort  / 
•  *  «  «  • 

Surelr  all  T>Ica«ant  thingi  had  gone  befor«« 
Low  buriea  fathomn-deop  beneath  with  thee. 


-forcibly  reminds  one  of  Shelley's  Lametitf  of 
'iuch  here  is  the  last  stanza  : — 

"  Oat  of  the  day  and  night 

A  joy  baa  t^en  flight : 
tttem  spring  and  aununcr  and  winter  hoar 
lloT«  my  faint  heart  irith  grief,  but  irith  delight 
JKo  more — ob,  neter  more  • " 

Tcunyton'*  Kraken, 

battezusg  oo  huge  sea- 

wonns  in  his  sleep,"  recuilld  the  Demogorgon*a 
words  in  Prometheus  Unbound — "  the  dull  weed 
some  Bea-worm  battens  on."  In  The  Poet,  1830, 
Tennyson  writes  :— 

^'  Wisdom  a  name  to  shake 
Roar  anarchies  h&  with  a  thunder-fit." 

This  reciills  the  *' tempeat-cleaving  swan"  of 
Shelley's  lines  in  the  Enganean  hilU,  who  drank 
the  ocean's  joy  till  it  became  hia — 

"And  sprung 
From  his  lips  like  muaic  flung 
O'er  a  mighty  thunder-fit, 
Cl!;a«t<iiing  terror.*' 

Hie  PocV*  Mind  atfordji  another  illiistr.ition — 
"  Clear  and  bright  it  should  b©  ever,"  says  Tenny- 
son ;  "  bright  m  light,  and  clear  as  wind."  Com- 
pare Shelley's  The  i:iunsci: — 

"  There  hUe  vim  one,  within  whose  subtle  being, 
As  light  and  VNJnd  within  some  delicate  cloud, 
«  «  •  «  • 

Genius  and  Death  contended." 

But  a  more  remnrktible  coincidence  occurs  between 
a  passage  of  the  same  poem  and  some  lines  in  the 
Fromdheut  Unbound: — 

"  In  the  heart  of  the  garden  the  merry  bird  chants^ 

•  •  •  •  »  , 

In  the  middle  leops  a  fountain. 
Like  iheet  lightning 
Ever  brightening, 
With  a  low  melodir>u<3  thunder. 
All  day  nnd  t  ight  it  is  evt-r  drawn 

rrorii  the  brnin  of  tho  ymrple  inountaiii 
Which  alands  in  the  di<<tance  yonder  ; 
It  spring?  on  a  level  of  bowery  lawil,"  &c. 

Shelley  thtia  sings  : — 

"  And  a  fountain 
LeAfs  in  the  midst  with  ftn  airakeuini;  sound. 
From  its  currod  ronf  the  mountain's  frozen  tears 

•  «  «  »  * 

Hang  dfjwnwarJ,  raining  forth  a  doubtful  light, 
And  there  is  heard  the  ever-movin^g  air 
Whispering  without  from  tree  to  tree,  and  birds 
And  bees;  and  all  around  are  mossy  seats, 
And  tho  rough  walla  arc  clothed  wiih  long  soft  graw." 
Prvmdkoit  Cnbonndj  iii,  3, 

F'iimiliar  passnge^'i  from  Tennyson's  Mennaid 
and  Mfrman  are  recalled  by  these  lines  from  the 
Promdhcus  Unbound:^ 

*'  Behold  the  Nereidt  under  the  green  sea, 

*  •  *  «  • 

TJieir  white  arn'iS  lifted  o'er  their  streaming  hair. 
With  garlanda  pied  and  stiirrj  seailower  crowns." 

The  ''crowns  of  sea-lrtSda  white"  are  alluded 
to  in  Shelley's  Rosalind  and  Hdtn.  Again,  in 
Tennyson's  EUdnor€f — 

**  My  heart  a  charmed  slumber  keeps» 

*  •  •  «  • 

And  a  Innguid  fire  creeps 

Through  my  veins  to  all  ray  frame, 

Diseolvingly  and  slowly, 

and  then,  as  in  a  swoon. 

With  dinning  sound  my  ears  fik.t«  t\t«| 



[S^-S.  V.jA|f.l5/71BL 

Jlly  tremulous  tongtie  faltereth, 

I  hjie  iny  colour,  I  lose  my  breath, 

I  ilriiik  the  ctip  of  a  costly  death 
Brtmm«d  mth  delirious  druu^btd  of  warmest  life, 
i  die  with  my  delight/'  kc, 

— we  have  something  very  like  an  echo  of  Shelley's 
poem  To  Connfantia: — 
"  My  bmin  is  wild,  my  breath  cornea  <}uic1tj 
'The  blood  is  listening  in  uiy  frarne, 
And  throtiging  ehudowj,  fast  und  thick, 

Full  on  mj  oTerf lowing  cyea ; 
My  heart  ta  quiyering  like  n  flftme, 
As  morning  dew  in  the  lunbeam  lies, 
I  am  dissolved  in  theao  consuming  ecitasioi." 

It  is  trae  that  such  passages  belong  very  uiucb 
to  that  section  of  iinaormiitive  composition  which 
the  "  iDgenioua  Mr.  Dousterswivel  ^*  thought  it 
would  he  possible  to  construct  by  m^ichinery,  und 
are  to  some  extent  the  property  of  all  poeta,  We 
hiive  the  sttine  thought  in  Keats  : — 

"Twasto  live 
To  take  in  draughts  of  life  from  the  gold  fount 
Of  kind  and  paaaionate  looki." — Entlpnion, 

The  siinilo  in  Ftdim'i  ("a3  sunlight  drioketh 
dew ")  is  identienl  with  thnt  in  Shelley's  Bdlas, 
"  Ab  the  sua  driukK  the  dew,"  "Widely  dissimilar 
as  the  poems  are,  some  curioms  points  of  resem- 
hlance  may  be  traced  in  the  Palace  nf  Art  and 
Pder  Bdh  Though  with  a  difterent  appUeation, 
Tennyson's  metaphor, 

"  A  star  that  with  the  ehoral  itarry  dance 
Joined  not,  but  stood," 

la  to  be  found  in  Shelley's  Einpsychidim : — 

*"  A  star 
Whi:oh  moToa  not  in  the  moving  heaftns,  alone." 

The  phrase  "  softer  than  sleep  "  of  the  Palace  of 
Art  also  occurs  in  f>hel!ey'a  Eosalind  and  Hthn, 
though,  of  course,  it  is  a  thought  as  old  as  the  hills  : 
•'  Mufcoai  fontesj  et  somno  motlior  hsrba/* 

Virgil,  Ed.  Tii.  45. 
The  quotations  would  stretch   too   fiir,   hat  a 
comparison  of  the  close  of  the  Lotoji-EaUrs  with 
Shelley's  Revolt  of  Ishw,  i.  2!1,   viii.  5,  h  in- 

The  epilogue  to  the  fragment,  Mori  d'Arthurj^-^ 
"  On  to  dawn,  when  dreami 
B^ginto  feel  the  truth  and  stir  of  day," 

— is  like  Shelley's  Hdlm: — 

*'The  truth  of  day  lightens  upon  my  dreami/' 
Compar<?  The  Gardejia's  Darf^/iifr,— 
"  And  in  her  bosom  bore  the  baby.  Sleep," 
— with  Shelley's  Quim  Mah:— 

«  On  their  lids 

The  baby  Sleep  is  pillowed." 
There  are  points  of  reaemhlance,  too,  which 
suggest  that  the  germ  of  the  noble  poem  Lochkif 
Bail  max  he  found  in  Shelley's  "fiit^inzas,  April, 
1814."  In  each  i>oein  we  have  the  hall,  the  moor- 
land, the  rapid  douda  flying  round  it,  the  abrupt 
and  eilective  transition  to  the  "serene  lights  of 

heaven,"  the  recurrence  to  bygone  love,  the  lov 
wronged  and  indignant ;  in  each  the  fair  one  aaci 
ficcs  love  to  duty ;  in  each  the  betrayed  lor 
propbesie.i  that  memory  shall  bo  her  curse,  tl 
phantom  of  happier  things  rememl>ered  shall  c©d 
and  go  like  dim  shades,  and  that  petvce  will  be  ii 
possible  for  the  memory  of 

*'  The  music  of  two  voices  and  the  light  of  one  Bwe«t  smili 

''  Our  spirits  niflhed  together  &t  the  touching  of  ti 


in  LochUy  H"M,  is  like 

*■  When  Boul  meets  soul  on  lovers*  lips," 
in  the  Promethmg  Unbound. 
The  nightingale  who  {Poet's  Song) 

'•  Thought,  I  hare  sung  many  songv, 
But  never  a  one  so  giy^— 
For  be  ainga  of  what  the  world  will  be 
When  the  years  have  died  away;'— 

might  have   been   suggested  again  by  the 
metfuus  Unhound,  ii.  2,  where  we  read  of 
♦'  Those  wse  and  lovely  aongs  . .  . 
Of  the  chained  Titan's  wofui  doom  ; 
And  how  he  shall  be  loosed.,  and  make  the  eart 
One  brotherhood  r  delightful  Btralns,  which,  cl 
To  silence  the  unenvying  nigbtingalea/' 

My  note  haa  already  grown  to  such  a  length  J 
I  am  iishamed  of  it,    I  will  only  add  yne  ori 
instances  from  the  \pem  from  which  Mr.  BitlI 
quotes,  the  PrinctsA  : — 

''Inland  the  smile,  that  like  a  wrinkling  wlad 
Oti  jjlassy  wattr  droTe  his  cheek  in  linea/* 

Princtftt  '}• 
"  O'er  the  visage  wan  ,  j 

Of  Athanase,  a  ruffling  atmosphere 
Of  dark  emotion,  a  swift  shaJow  ran, 
Like  wind  upon  some  forest-boaomed  lake 
Glassy  and  dark.*'— Shelley,  PHnce  Athanatt, 

"  They  were  atill  together,  grew 

iFor  so  they  said  themselves)  inosculated, 
Jonsonant  ciionia  that  ihiver  to  one  noto.*' 

Pi  i  nasty] 
"  We^-ure  we  not  formed,  as  notes  of  music  lire. 
For  one  another,  though  disairailar?  " 

Shelley,  Epiptychidit 

**  Since  to  look  on  noble  forms 
Makes  noble,  through  the  sensuous  organism, 
That  which  is  higher."— Pn'?i«M,  IL  72. 
•*  So  he, 
With  ioal-aufltttining  Bonga  and  sweet  debates 
Of  ancient  lore,  there  fed  his  lonely  being. 
The  mind  becomea  that  which  it  contemplates ; 
And  thus  Zonoraa,  by  for  ever  seeing 
Their  bright  creations,  grew  like  wisest  men/ 
Shelley,  Prina  A  ihaMiUt 

•'A  doubtful  smile  dwelt  like  a  clouded  moon 
In  a  still  water.'"— Prj'nfw*,  vi, 

"  His  wan  eyea 
Gaie  on  the  empty  scene  as  vacantly 
Ai  ocean's  moon  looks  on  the  moon  m  heaven. 

Shelley,  Ah»t<i>r, 

5»8.  V.Ju.  W.IIJ 



*'  If  she  be  mmSi,  ilig.lit^nft^tured.  miflembie, 

How-«haiI  BSD  grow  )  "-—Princfu,  tu. 
"  CftJi  w*a  bt  firM  if  fromftn  be  a  ilave  I " 

Bhellej,  Rtvott  o/  /</om,  ii. 

It  would  be  CM7  enough,  no  doubt^  to  extend 
thes»^  ,mr.f  umoa.  I  only  give  what  have  occurred 
to  ectiaional  reading  of  ihe  poets,  of 

bot  (  :u,  like  Mr.   BuLLEJf,  I  am  an  ad- 

^l£  can  scarcelj  be  needful  to  say  that  I  have  no 
^K«  to  suggest  a  charge  of  plaginrism.  No 
^^pt  the  some  parallelism  might  be  illustrated 
^Hi  the  works  of  any  one  who  haa  been  at  the 
mgb  taue  a  wide  and  appreciative  reader  and  a 
nimer.  Moth. 


ffuloirt  tit»  t^j"-'t  da  Archiva  du  Aifaxra  Etrdnglra 

u  FartM  «K  LoH^f  en  1710,  d  Veriniita  t)i  1763,  tt  de 

;fi««w»  ••  Paris  en  Divtrt  Btulroiu  tUpuit  1796.    Pur 

Anumd  BucheL    Bio.    Parif,  Plon. 

I  Third  Article.  I 

The  second  book  of  M.  Armand  Baschet's  vo- 

I  Itimc  tale4  m  to  Versailles,  where  the  Duke  de 

Cbomil    transferred   the   Foreign    Stiite    Paper 

'  Office.     Celebrated  by  hia  liberal  tendencies?,  und 

bj  his  constant  opposition  to  Maduine  Dubarry^ — 

tion  which  brought  about    hia    disgrace — 

al  wfw  in  every  respect  a  most  dietinj^uisbed 

and,  as  our  author  remarks,  he  well  deserves 

taken  as  the  subject  of  some  carefully  pre- 

btog^mphyj  for  which  materials  are  not  want* 

big.     Hia  e:irly  education  had  been  neglected,  and 

he  Vffis  not  naturally  of  a  Htudiou»  diKposition  ; 

n  circumstance*  placed  him  amidst  the 

es  of  political  life,  he  devoted  his  atten- 

tioa  Ui  hiatory,  and  ever  Jifterwardii  he  encouraged, 

ev«ry  means  in  his  power,  those  persons  who 

J  talent  for  historical  researches.     Fully 

g  the  importance  of  bringing  together 

umente  bearing  upon  the  foreign  rela- 

lioa«  of  France,  he  gave  the  necessary  orders  for 

th*  f.nij;^,,    furnishing,   and  decoration    of  an 

•  lilies,  iuid  the  works  were  completed 

"  'v  which  aeenis  perfectly  u^toniphing. 

^'        f        u-'V\  Pari3  in T763,  the  Archives  des 

Aii..ifr.  j  ,rr  :>;:'  f*^^  remabed  at  Veraailles  till  17!>6j 

a  Charles  I>eiacroix,  Minister  of  Foreign  Aftairs, 

tbem  to  be  moved  back  again   to   the 

of  the  most  important  events  connected 

portion  of  history  is  the  appointment  of 

de  Ditrofi'  aa  keeper  of  the  Foreign 

iper  Office  instead  of  M,  Le  Dran.     The 

ion  took  place  in  1762,  and  having  been 

kted  to  accompany  the  French  ambas&ador, 

ike  de  Nivemais,  to  London,  M.  Durand 

Pived   the   excellent   ideji  of   examining  the 

loa*  quantity  of  historical  documents*,  chiir- 

tiil^-deed?,  letters,  &c.,  reUtiag  to  France, 

iind  preserved  either  in  the  Tower  or  elsewhere. 
The  occupation  of  Normtmdy  and  Gtiienne  by  the 
English,  during  the  fifteenth  century,  hiid  natu- 
rally placed  in  the  possession  of  the  conqueror  a 
number  of  state  papers  very  valuable  in  their 
charticter,  and  which  were  equally  interesiinj,'  to 
France  and  to  England.  Would  it  not  be  possible 
to  obtain  leave  to  catalogue  tho^e  pupenf,  sort 
them,  copy  them,  and  perhaps  oht«in  the  gift  of  a 
few  of  the  originals  i  From  M.  Damnd's  letter, 
published  by  M.  Baschet,  it  appeiirs  thiit  the  Eng- 
lish Government,  whilst  refusing  to  part  with  any 
of  the  documonts  thetii?>elves,  were  disposed  to 
entertain  favourably  the  rest  of  the  demand  ;  and 
the  final  issue  was  a  mission  entrusted  to  M.  de 
Brt'tpiigny,  who,  under  the  direction  of  the  Duke 
de  Choiseul-Praslin,  visited  this  country  twice,  ivnd 
took  back  to  France  a  rich  harvest  of  historical 
documents,  filling  no  less  than  ninety  Isirge  port- 
folios. The  Ricueil  dcs  OrdonnanaSj  the  TahU 
iliTonohgiquc  ties  Chariu  cohurnani  tHUioirt  de 
FranctykQ.y  maybe  named  amongst  the  moat  note- 
worthy residts  of  M.  de  Brequigny's  scientific  tour, 
accounts  of  which  have  been  given  by  MM.  <  'haia- 

E>llion-Figeac,  Jules  Delpit,  L^'opold  Delialc,  and 
onis  Paris,  to  say  nothing  of  the  comjdc'rfndn 
which  the  explorer  contributed  to  the  Tran*fidiong 
of  the  Acadvmie  des  Inscriptions  et  Belles  Lettres 
(vol.  xxvii.). 

Anquetil  and  Lemontey  are  the  two  most  dis- 
tingutyhed  writers  whom  we  can  name  in  conne.vioE 
with  the  Revohitionary  period  of  the  Depot  de* 
Affaires  ttrangeres  ;  they  were  freely  admitted  to 
study  and  copy  the  documents  uccunuilated  at 
Versailles,  and  made  excellent  us©  of  their  oppor- 
tunities, GUSTAVE  MASBOtr^ 

The  Timts  of  Dec.  20,  1875,  in  a  review  of  a 
book  upon  forest  trees,*  has  given  prominence  to 
a  statement  of  some  errors  in  forestry  said  to  be 
committed  by  Milton.  With  your  permission,  I 
will  essay  a  reply  to  the  attack.  I  copy  from  the 
Timet.  "  Thus  "  (says  the  reviewer) 
"  MUton*B  PcnBeroso^  wandering  m 

*  Arched  walks  of  twilight  grotei 

And  ehadowB  brown  that  SyWiin  lovei 

Of  pine  or  monumental  oak,' 
hiB  hitherto  met  with  gcDertil  approvAl,  but  Mr.  Menzies 
wili  have  none  of  hiui.  *  No  reuaon  is  kqown  why  tho 
oak  ihoQlcJ  be  e&lleil  "  monuraont&l,"  and  the  whole  poft- 
Kige  IB  ratb«r  confused.  Pinea  and  ouks  seldom  grow 
together  naturally.  The  soil  which  producet  one  tree 
would  not  Buit  the  other,  and  neither  of  them  is  remark- 
iiblc  for  givinij  '* arched  walki"  or  **th<idowB  brown/'* 
Bat  wliat  Mr.  Men^ies  thinks  to  be^  perhaps,  the  poet'a 
two  we&keBt  lines, 

*  Fomt  Tna  ond  Woodland  Scimry,  tx*  dttcriUd  m 
Ancient  and  Madtrn  Poets.  By  W.  Menziea.  (Long- 
mans. ) 



[G^*  8.  V.  Jan.  15/76. 

•  Under  the  ehndy  roof 
Of  bundling  elm  starproof,' 
though  undeniably  open  to  the  accusation  he  ch»r^ei 
upon  them,  hu-vc  earoly  a  beauty  of  tbek  own,  which 
pleads  iM?»iin»t  g'Uch  condomnfttion.      '  The   elm/  inya 
Mr.  Slenzies,  '  ia  one  of  the  thumeit  f«lifige<i  trcea  of 
the  forest.    After  the  lirst  flush  of  sprinti  the  Jeayea 
begin  to  fade ;  many  drop,  and  long  before  the  autumn 
they  bei?in  to  shrivel,  and  present  anything  but  a  star- 
proof  canopy.'    This,  however,  i*  not  the  most  severe 
piece  of  criticism  iQ  the  volume*  Few  pftsaages  in  Pttradist 
Lotl  »re  better  known  than  the  faniouH  comparison  of 
the  fallen  Archangel  to  a  tree  blasted  by  lightning  :— 
*  Ai  when  Heaven's  fire 

Hath  scathed  the  forest  oaks  or  naountain  pines 

With  singed  top  their  stately  growth  thoui;h  bare 

Stands  on  the  blasted  heath.' 
It  \A  not  clear,  says  Mr.  Menasiea,  whether  the  poet 
means  that  the  lightning  singes  the  tops  of  both  oaks 
and  pines,  or  only  those  of  the  latter  trei? ;  but  in  either 
case  he  is  falae  to  Nature.  The  n«k.  Indeed^  is  liable  lo 
II  sort  of  baldness,  alluded  to  by  Sbakspeare,  but  the 
lightning  ncrer  singes  its  top.  It  cither  shiTers  the  tree 
to  aloQia,  or  cuts  one  long  deep  furrow  dovra  the  stems, 
or  diTides  into  three  or  four  groorea,  twisting  and  making 
the  trunk  like  a  corkicrew." 

Now  (t<y  take  the  points  in  order),  Keightley 
tells  UF5  the  oak  h  culled  "  jiionumental  "  because 
monumenta  in  churchea  arc  often  formed  of  carved 
oak.     fie  cites 

"  Smooth  aa  monumental  alabaster." 

Othdh,  T.  % 
and  I'ljvys  IMilton  probiibly  had  io  mind  **  the  builder 
oak "  of  Chaucer  and  Spenser,  and  wished  to  en- 
hance on  it  ;  and  that  nothing,  l>esideK,  was  more 
suitable  to  the  Penseroso  thi\n  to  think  of  the 
most  solemn  use  to  which  the  oak  was  put.  I  pass 
by  Mr,  Menzies's  opinion  that  **  the  whole  passage 
is  rather  confused,''  and  come  to  the  statement 
that  "  pinei  and  oaks  seldom  grow  together  natu- 
rally.*' Milton  does  not  my  they  do.  But  there 
is  authority  for  saying  that  the  pine  will  ^^tqvv  m 
every  de^jcription  of  soil  and  situation,  thoiigli  it 
thrives  best  in  ;^ood  timber  soil  It  might,  there- 
fore, well  grow  beside  the  oak,  which  will  also 
grow  in  every  variety  of  soil.  Possibly  Milton 
here  speaks  of  the  iJex  or  holm-oak — a  monumental 
tree  in  another  sense,  fur  Pliny  mentions  some  m 
existin<j  in  his  time  which  must  have  been  l,4tM> 
or  1,5(>0  years  old,  and  one  of  which  had  brazen 
letters  in  the  ancient  Etruscan  chanicter  fixed 
upon  ita  trunk.  The  ilex  may  have  been  known 
to  iNIilton  through  books,  for  he  was  a  ^eat  reader 
of  books  of  travel  ;  and  he  m.iy  have  ,seen  it,  for  it 
appears  to  hiive  been  introduce*!  into  Enftlnnd 
about  the  middle  of  the  Bixteenth  century.  Both 
the  pine  and  the  ilex  tend  to  form  "arched  walks" 
by  their  freedom  from  low  boughs  :ind  by  their 
dense  upper  foliagfe.  It  ia  noticeable  that  the 
poet  chooses  the  pme  and  the  oak,  and  never  men- 
tions the  yew,  though  every  time  he  entered  the 
church  nt  Horton  he  must  hav»  seen  two  fine  trees 
of  this  kind  ;  which  favours  Keightley'.s  explana- 
tion.    But  there  are,  or  were,  several   oaks  in 

"Windsor  Forest,  within  a  walk  of  Horton,  whiob 
are  "  monumental  ^  in  the  onlinary  senge  of  th* 
word.  Keigbtley  also  tells  us  the  word  "  browd* 
is  used  in  the  .sense  of  the  Itidian  hruno^  dark.  So 
far  upon  the  Feuneroso.  Now  for  the  Arcadu, 
The  weak  point  of  the  objection  here  i:*  that  tbo 
objector  faik  to  see  that  the  description  is  specific^ 
and  not  arbitrary.     The  meaning  is — 

Under  fhi*  shady  roof 

Of  branching  elm  starproof 

Follow  me, 

i.e.  (probably)  under  the  elm  avenue  at  Hurefiell 
called  •*  the  'Queen's  Widk^"  in  honour  of  Qu( 
Elizabeth's  visit  to  the  Lord  Keeper  and  Count 
of  Derby  at  the  end  of  July,  1602. 

In  the  simde  from  FaradiM  Lost,  and  elst 
Milton  very  justly  uaea  the  oak  and  pine  to  expnm 
majesty  and  strength.  He  isj  besides,  happy  hew 
in  his  choice  of  the  oak,  since  it  probably  is  mow 
often  scathed  by  lightning  than  any  other  tree. 
The  "  singed  top  "  is  perhaps  less  defensible,  I 
am  not,  however,  concerned  to  prove  Milton  ao 
infallible  writer  on  foiestry,  but  merely  to  sea 
justice  done  him,  if  ho  be  judged, — even  by  tl» 
Deputy  Keeper  of  the  Parka  and  Forests  of 
Wind.^or.  J.  L.  Walkke. 


Mrs.  Binckes,  a  Daughtek  of  the  PnTX'-ir«    i 
Olive. —  In    a    private    and    confidential 
which  m  now  before  me,  which  does  not  re] . 
the  remotest  degree  to  Mrs.  Serres  or  her  t-l. 
bnt  contains  reference.^  to  many  public  and  pol  i. 
personages,  mention  is  made  of  a  "  Mrs,  Binckes, 
who  was  a  daughter  of  the  Princess  Olive,  and 
thereby  related   to   the   Royal   Family."      From 
another  passage  in  the  same  letter,  wliich  is  dated 
in  1S71,  it  appears  that  Mrs,  Binckes  had,  aoin« 
time  previously,  retired  to  the  Continent.     As 
a  periijsal  of  the   letter  leaves   little  doubt   tl>»t 
Mrs.  Bincke-s  claimed    to  be  a  daughter  of  the 
Princess  Olive,  and  the  writer  believed  her  to  " 
so,  I  "make  a  note"  of  it  for  Mr.  Thoms's  info 
mat  ion,  M.  L. 

The  MANTts,  or  Hottentot  God, — The 
lamented  Dr.  BleeVs  notes  on  Buahman  Folk-1 
throw  a  great  deal  of  light  on  the  myt] 
and  traditions!  of  that  curious  but  almost 

ople,  especially  on   the  subject  of  the 
Mantis  pre(^aria  of  naturalists).    As  far 
tlie  time  of  Kolben,  the  veneration  of  the  Hot 
races  (with  whom  he  confounds  the  Bushmen) 
well  known,  and  they  were  auppoaed  to  worship 
It  ifj  an  insect  of  a  bright  green  colour,  belonj 
to  a  family  of  orthoptcroua  insects,  holda  up 
forelegj*  as  if  in  the  act  of  prayer,  and  can  hai 
be    drstinguished   firom    the    plant   on    which 
reats,     Dr.  Bleek,  in  his  kat  report  on  Bui 
Folk-lore  (Cape  Town,  1676),  aays  of  it :— 

6"8.  V.JiX.  liitGL) 



'^  Although  tbe  imtitis  i*  upparcntly  tl)Q  most  pro- 
minent ftTTJf*  in  Htrtltfiuftn  Rjvthijflogy,  and,  at  k11  ctents^ 
th«sut'  luher  of  mytlm,  yet  it  4oc9 

not  tec  t  of  any  worship  or  tUat 


The  1  san,  moon*  and  sUrs,  are, 

lio^^'  md  thus  the  BuHhmen  are 

cl  d   amoB;^;  the    nations   who 

1  real  AVorahip.     The  Bushmen 

<  is  a  man  from  whose  armpit 

In  ,  and  who  lived  formerly  on 

ih,  l>i»t  *»al  V  >fiive  light  for  a  space  around  his  own 

i3«.  Some  children  belonf^tng  to  the  first  Buah- 
tnen  were,  therefore,  sent  to  throw  up  the  sleeping 
nun  into  the  sky.  Since  thea  be  shines  all  over 
the  earlh.  In  Bushaum  mytholofrj  the  moon  is 
looked  uj>on  tLi  a  niitn  who  incurs  the  wrath  of  the 
sn  ■  -  I  tly  pierced  by  the  knife,  i.  "Cm 

tl  :\    T\iU  process  is  repeated 

ir  >.iiuJe  of  the  moon  is  cut  away 

sr  ttle  piece  K*ftj  which  the   moon 

pii-  — ..  ^.^  il.e  sun  to  isiKkre,  for  his  children's 
■like,  i-'roni  ihiji  little  piece  the  moon  {.'radnuJlv 
gTowa  ugain  till  it  becomes  u  full  moon,  when  the 
euD^  cutting  and  stabbing  procefisea  recommence. 

The  dax*e  or  tiyritx,  the  Bible  coney  of  the  rocks, 
is  csUle^^l  by  the  Bushmen  the  wife  of  the  mantis, 
and  the  pc*rcupine  their  adopted  daughter,  Avho 
has  A  SCO,  the  ichneumon^  who  plays  aa  important 
purt  ia  Bti^braan  mythology. 

Atio^  IS  myth  ia  that  the  moon  is  formed 

ctmn  •  I  the  manti.^,  which  he  threw  into 

tke  sky  w.LLi  an  order  that  it  should  become  the 
moon.  Tbui  the  m<Jon  ia  red  because  the  shoe 
of  tXi*'  ••  "•'  .:is  covered  with  the  red  dust  of 
Bnahii  fid  coM  because  it  ia  only  leather* 

Soai „„  -hut  the  mantis  misleads  BushmeOi 

hj  putting  evil  ideas  in  their  heads.  Boshmen 
women  aso  a  curious  charm,  made  from  the  foot  of 
tbft  htftbeett,  for  their  children,  aa  a  protection 
•^fott  the  mantis. 

Many  other  curious  traditions  are  found  in  Dr. 
Blcck  a  reiearches,  but  they  require  the  use  of  a 
peculiar  type  to  properly  illustrnte  them. 

H.  Hall. 

Lftrctider  Hill. 

Kr*"  ZEALA?fDER*— This  famoufl  allusion  of 
MftCftaby's  I  rcmeniber  to  have  seen  traced  to 
Shtnl/'v.  liii  it  w.n.  ir?!  to  have  belonged  no  nioro 
t  ly.     Happening  to  look 

ir  ,  ITSO,  Ixii,  129,  I  cjune 

fil  a  bouk  of  p4>ems  published  in 

IT  r  I  couple  of  extracts  of  verse  from 

i*  v  remarks,  amoDgst  which  occurs  the 

1'  '  ntence  : — 

-  itip|>rt(tctJ  to  ti»it  the  rains  of  London  ; 
*  !  Briton,  wLo  officiates  ai  Cicerone,  ia 

J.    .     ..:         ,        ...L, 

it  t  >:  of  the  book  In  given  in  full  as  follows, 
ftvbi  mlii'.h  it  AppefiTs  that  the  ruined  portico  of 

St.  Paur^s  is  the  site  of  meditation,  and  uot  tlie 
broken  arch  of  London  Bridge  :— 

*'  Poetns  by  a  young  noblcmati,  of  dlstiaguidhed 
abilitica,  lately  deccft»ed,  p^irlicularly  the  itato  of  Eng- 
land, and  the  one©  flounshinRr  city  of  Lomlon.  In  a 
letter  from  an  American  tmveHer,  d^tcd  from  the  ruinou* 
portico  of  St  Paul'i  in  the  yenr  21 99,  to  a  frieni  settloil 
in  Boaton,  the  motropor«i  of  the  Western  Empire.  Also 
Rundry  fugitive  pieces,  princtpatiy  wrote  whiiet  upon  his 
travels  on  the  Cootinont.    4to.  2i,  6d.    Kearsty,  1760." 

There  was  a  very  clever  book  published  in 
French,  styled  L'An  £/mix  Milte  Quairc  Cfni 
Quaranlc:  Btve  s'll  tn  fut  jainaig.  I  do  not  know 
in  what  year  it  first  appeared,  but  an  edition  was 
given  in  London,  1773.  It  is  evident  that  the 
above  vision  of  the  year  2199  was  suggested 
by  the  French  book.  The  vision  in  the  last 
chapter  of  the  French  book  treats  of  the  ruin  of 
VersaillcB,  '*  ce  palais  superbe,  d'ou  partoient  Ics 
deatinees  de  plusieura  nations";  the  seer  tr^ds 
amongst  its  mmed  basins  and  fallen  columns,  and, 
wandering,  meets  a  man  of  contrite  air  in  tears. 
*' Why  weep,"  he  cries,  *' when  aO  the  world  is  happy  ? 
This  wretched  relic  testifies  to  nothing  but  the 
public  misery  that  existed  when  these  ganlens  were 
flcurishinrr." — "  Miserable  man,"  replied  the  wan- 
derer, "it  wiiB  I,  LouiH  XIV.,  who  built  thia 
woe-stricken  piilace  :  *  Je  pleure  et  je  pleurera; 
toujours,' "  Our  Frenchman  was  about  to  reply  to 
the  kingly  shade  when  an  adder  irpriinj^  from  the 
stump  of  a  column  on  which  it  lay  coiled  ;  it  stung 
him  in  the  neck,  and  he  awoke. 

I  suppose  that  all  the  foregoing  must  be  known 
to  some  readers,  but  I  have  never  yet  seen  the 
facts  placed  in  connexion  with  the  celebrated 
wimilc  of  the  New  Zealander,  so  that  possibly  it 
may  be  worth  chronicling  in  "  N-  &>  Q"  This 
tuggests  a  work  worthy  of  the  labour  of  a  man 
of  wide  reading,  viz.  The  Growth  of  Fables,  lUua- 
trations,  and  Similes  in  Universal  Literature,  from 
the  Earliest  Times  to  the  Present  Century.  It  is 
manifest  that  some  similes  develope  according  to 
the  same  law  that  governs  the  growth  of  national 
melodies,  by  change  of  note,  by  fall  and  turn  of 
bar  or  key,  by  spontaneous  change  in  rccitiil  at  the 
advent  of  every  fresh  genius,  suggestion  being 
caught  from  suggestion.  C.  A*  Ward. 


Hetwood  :  Athes.:ecs.  —  It  has  not  been 
pointed  out,  so  far  as  I  know,  that  the  amuaing 
passage  in  Hey  wood's  English  Tmvelkr,  describing 
the  "shipwreck  by  drink,"  is  also  related  in  Athe- 
ntcus  (Deipnoioph,  lib.  ii.  sect,  v.),  where  it  ia 
ciuoteii  from  Timreus  of  Tauromenium.  Casau- 
boo's  edition  of  Athena^us  came  out  in  1597,  and 
again,  with  a  Latin  tninslation,  in  16CH\  The 
edition  of  16(>()  was  probably  in  Heywood's  hands 
when  writing  this  passage,  which,  according  to 
Charles  L.^mb,  **for  its  life  and  humour  might 
have  been  told  or  acted  by  Petruchio  himself.'* 



It  h  possible  that  I  may  have  been  anticipated  m 
my  remarks  by  the  Inte  ^Ir,  Dyce,  whose  un- 
fiDished  translation  of  Athena'us  is  now  among 
his  books  at  the  South  Kensington  Museum,  and, 
as  I  learn  from  Mr.  Forster's  bioj^pMcal  sketch 
of  Dyee  in  this  month's  Fortnighthu  in  a  Btate  not 
far  from  completion.  I  have  myself  not  yet  had 
an  opportunity  of  examining  this  translation. 

A.    H.   BULLES, 

Worcester  College,  Oxford. 

An  Old  London  Theatrical  Alphabet. — 

A  Witt  Archer,  who  pUyed  his  own  ghost ; 

B  wu  a  Baker,  aft  itijf  aa  a.  poit ; 

C  WM  ft  Conway,  'tis  known  he  can  rant  well ; 

D  wa*  a  Powton,  oh,  rare  Pr.  Caatwell  ! 

B  Unas  an  Egerton,  clever  in  Clvtus : 

P  wat  a  Fawcctt,  bng  tnnv  he  delipht  us; 

G  wa«  a  Oat  tic,  so  glorious  in  Ton  son  ; 

H  was  3Ii*9  Henry,  I  tliinlc  she  "11  get  on  Boon ; 

I    was  an  IsaACS.  (rreat  in  Wuff  Artabanei ; 

J  waB  a  Jones,  still  as  briak  aa  crhampogne  is ; 

K  was  A  Koniblo,.  a  Win  stone  as  bu»y  as ; 

L   was  a  Liston,  oh,  what  a  droll  phiz  he  has  ! 

M  was  a  Matliews,  show  his  equal  who  can; 

N  was  poor  Naldi,  killed  by  a  stewpan ; 

O  was  O'Neil,  wboie  ri«e  was  so  speedy; 

P  was  a  Power,  who  mimicked  Macrendy  [ 

Q  was  a  Quin,  once  at  iJrury  a  dancer ; 

R   was  J.  Russell,  I  hope  bo  nmy  aosiver ; 

8    was  a  Stephens,  may  she  yet  draw  a  high  lot; 

T  was  a  Terry,  superb  in  the  Pih^t ; 

U   was  an  XJiher,  not  a  clown  you  II  more  odd  see : 

V    was  a  Vestrii,  onco  31i?«  Bartolozii ; 

W   was  a  Ward,  whom  we  see  with  delight ; 

X   was  his  mark,  though  no  doubt  he  can  write  ; 

y   was  a  Ydune,  whom  'tis  fard  tliey  engape  dear ; 

Z    was  Zacbelli,  who  '11  soon  be  the  rage  here. 

Fakky  B . 

IQuin  was  the  married  name  of  Was  Trte,  the  coltim- 
bineat  Drury  Lsne] 

The  Executioner  of  Chahles  I.— The  fol- 
lowing '' Anecdote  concerning  the  Execntioncr  of 
Charles  I/'  appeared  in  the  L<td\/s  MagazinCf 
November,  1780: — 

"  Riclmrd  Brandon,  common  executioner  or  hangman 
ut  that  time,  died  upon  Wednesday,  June  2m,  1649  (with- 
in five  months  of  the  kings  martjrdomj*  The  Sundny 
before  Brandon  died,  a  young  man  of  hts  acquaintance^ 
being  to  visit  him,  ntkeil  him  bow  h«  did,  and  whether 
he  was  not  troubled  in  conscience  for  cuttlnjf  off  the 
king's  bead.  Brandon  replied,  '  Yes,  because  he  wat  at 
the  kinu's  trliii  nnd  heard  the  sentence  denounced 
against  him,*  which  caused  the  said  Brand oii  to  make 
this  nolemrn  tow  or  protestation,  r'lz.,  wi!«hing  God  to 
perish  his  Ijody  and  soul  if  ever  he  nppeaitid  on  the 
tcaffold  (to  do  that  wicked  act) ;  but  immcdiAtely  he  fell 
a-trembling,  and  hath  e?er  since  to  his  dt-ath  continued 
in  the  like  Rgony,  He  likewise  confessed  that  he  had 
thirty  pounds  for  his  pains,  all  paid  him  in  balTcrowns, 
within  an  hour  after  the  blow  was  struck :  and  that  he 
hud  an  orange  f tuck  full  of  cloves,  and  an  handkerchief 
©ut  of  the  king's  pocket  As  #iion  us  he  was  carried  off 
from  the  scaffold  be  was  pr^ifTered  twenty  shillinjrs  for 
tb»t  orange  by  a  gentleman  in  Whitdmll.  but  refused 
the  same;  tut  afterwards  sold  it  for  ten  cbilUngs  in 
Boseixiary  Lane. 

"  About  six  o'clock  that  night  ho  returned  home  to  ht» 
wiffli  living  in  Rosemary  Lane,  and  gave  her  the  i 
saying:, '  It  was  the  dearest  money  thi;t  over  he  e:. 
his  life*;  which  prophetical  words  were  sor.n 
manifest.  About  three  d.iys  before  be  died  fa*  above 
mentioned)  he  lay  ?peechKs»,  uttering  many  a  sigh  and 
jfToan,  and  in  n  most  depJurable  manner  depart<?d  froni 
his  bed  of  Forrow.  For  his  burihl  great  store  of  wiue  wtl 
sent  in  by  the  sherif  of  the  city  of  London,  and  a  great 
multitude  of  people  stood  waiting  to  see  bia  corpse 
carried  to  the  churchynrd,  Pome  crying  out,  *  Hang  bua^ 
bury  him  on  a  dunglnll  ! '  others  pressing  on  him.  sayinc 
they  would  quarter  bim  for  executing  the  king.  insomnBh 
that  the  churchwardens  and  mnstcrf  of  the  parish  wers 
fain  to  come  to  the  suppressing  of  them,  and  with  greit 
difficulty  he  was  at  last  carried  to  Whitechapel  church- 
yard, having  a  bunch  of  rosemary  at  each  end  tf  lbs 
coffin  »nd  on  the  top  thereof,  with  a  rope  tied  aeroMi 
from  one  end  to  the  other.'* 

I  should  like  to  know  if  this  story  is  anywhere 
authenticated,  and  also  if  any  exphi nation  «ni  b« 
ffiTen  of  the  "  orange  stuck  full  of  cloves  "  and  the 
"bunch  of  rosemary  at  each  end  of  the  coffin." 

J.  N.  BLTtfl;i 
[See  "  N.  k  Q./*  2"^  8.  xi.  446,] 

*'  Gramerct."— The  following  aDecdotc, 
Oxford  JtstSy  1G84,  shows  what  meaning  waa 
tached  to  the  word  nearly  two  hundred  yeni«  ogoi] 

•'  In  March  Inst,  an  elder  brother,  ond  unmarried, 
accidentally  kill'd  by  bia  home,  which  the  second  bi 
behritig,  immediately  came  and  embmc'd  the  bors^i 
the  ancient  motto   of  the  fjimily,  which  was  ^^  <Af 
veitK  UttU  ;  which  the  young  gentleman  bimng  a  w« 
experience  of  in  bis  elder  brother's  days,  Jie  pre 
changed  into  O'l^auwci/  Morse ;   and  after  that 
never  tufTer  the  horse  to  be  rid,  but  gave  him 

Boston,  Lincolnshire, 

Ettmologt  OF  "Golden,*'  co.  Tipperaiit.— 
A  writer  in  The  Guard ian  of  Oct.  C,  Jed  astrny  by 
the  seeming  meaning  of  the  natne  Golden,  snys  ;— 

*'0a  the  road  to  Cashel,  names  like  Golden,  Goltieu* 
bridg«j  Golden-bills,  give  an  exiiectation  of  richness 
which  a  closer  glance  at  the  Suir  valley  does  not  dirop* 
point.  The  Golden  vale  is  a  meet  setLiny^  for  this  jei  * 
of  the  nrcbajologiat,  C«i»el-nft-Rigb,  Cashel  of 

A  reference  to  Dr.  Joyce's  work,  Iri^h  Nat 
of  Flaci^f  first  series,'  shows  that  "gold< 
simply  means  a  little  fork,  from — 

'*  Oalhixl  youl,  ijoical,  and  pole},  a  fork ;   old  Ii 
^nhuly  from  the  verb  gaV,  to  *t»kc.     At  th«  village 
'Golden,  in  Ti[vpemry,  the  river  Suir  dividet  for  a 
distance^  and  forms  a  small  island ;  this  little  blfu 
tion  was,  and  is  etill,  called  in  Irish  G'afjfuxifin  [poul 
which  has  been  cf^rrupted  to  the  present  name 
village,  Golden."— Pp.  510-11. 

£.  M.  Barrt. 

Scothorne  Vicarage. 

Parallels  :   Buntan  and    ^Iasillon. — Oi 
day,  when  Bunyan  had  prejiched  "  with  pecul 
warmth   and   enlargement,-^  some  of  his  frii 
came  to  shake  hands  with  him  after  the  sein< 




and  olje«rv<J  io  him  what  a  "sweet  sermon  ''  he 
had  dcliTcr&d.  "Are!"  he  replied,  "you  need 
not  rem':nd  toe  of  liiat  ;  for  the  devil  told  nie  of 
5t  '  -r^M  out  of  the  pulpit." — Souibey's  Life 

A  na  "le  ft'Ucitait  sur  ses  »er- 

in«  D-  ;iOQdit-il, 'meVad^Jjadit  pins 

^1<  ','  e'  :   ;i*L  ^ae  vous."' — Eloge  cZ^ 3/a^i7/o«,  par 

E,  M.  Earrt. 

{We  mmft  requeit  correapondentu  dGBiringinrorm&tic^ii 
ttb  fiBulj  mfttten  of  only  private  intereat,  to  affix  their 
■ftMce  end  addrefees  to  their  queries,  in  order  that  the 
■mwew  ma  J  be  addreiaeJ  to  them  direct,] 

**  The  PfuiCTiCE  of  Piety." — The  Liblio^rniphj 
of  this  little  book  is  a  desideratnin.  I  think  the 
^^ition  hn»  Vteen  often  iaqnired  for,  but  not 
l?d  of.  We  frequently  see  the  work  noticed 
imendntion  by  old  writers  ;  and  nuineroos 
IS  ore  the  recorded  impressions,  I  doubt  not  tber 
gicstiy  exceeded  the  number  stated.  As  one  of 
the  fO^cadled  people's  books  of  an  orthodox  chiirac- 
lefy  we  do  uat  hear  iimch  of  TJte  Fractise  of  Fittie 
«ff«r  1734,  when  it  seems  to  have  run  ita  race, 
wad  been  'iniet It  put  to  rest  in  a  goodly  octavo, 
d^ignate'd  the  fifty-ninth  edition,  although  the 
Btxt  in  XDj  collection  wouhl  render  that  doubtful^ 
for  it  purports  to  be  the  seventieth  edition,  12mo., 
Edin.,  Eiiddiman,  1761.  The  high  episcopal  tone 
of  the  w.  »rk  certainly  would  be  no  recommendation 
to  it  in  the  Xorth,  and  yet  we  shall  see  that  it  did 
gH  Ml  t^irly  footing  there. 

That   rlie  book  wa^  printed  in  London  at  the 

v,'v  )-  M'  ning  of  the  seventeenth  centui*)*  there  is 

ut  the  earliest  inipree^iion  I  know,  or 

of.  is  this»  in  my  own  possession  :— 

**  The  Practite  of  Pietie,  directing  a  Christian  hn»r  to 

Vllke  thDt  hi  mav  pleaBO    God.      The    Sixt    Edition. 

tata^^  1  !»v  the  Author"   1 2mo.  rp*  1*8*,  and 

Miat:  Iji|;h  aril  Mightie  Prince  Cbarles, 

^Hnce  V .^..       Load.,  PrinteJ  for  John  Hodgets, 


T\\U  titk,  **ginuen  by  Eenold  Elstrack,"  is  in 

1  I  tnient?,  the  upper  representing'  a  fully 

on  hia  knee.s  olfering  up  his  heart, 

Jcted,  on  a  kindled  altar,  typical,  no 

.'-  good  Bishop  Bayly  himself  primarily^ 

'     -'iUj^  his  pious  manual  to  the  Deity;    the 

Lr.    fhp  title^  between  emblems  ;  and  the  lower, 

,  )und,  a  itiotmtain,  from  which  ih  seen, 

y  below*  the  battle  between  Joshua 

:.  during  which  Aaron  and  Hur  hold 

.  of  Moses  until  the  enemy  is  defeated, 

in  Exodus  xvii*  12,     Thia  engraved 

ion  to  moat  editions.     The  next  early 

i-r,     .  .^c   book  I  find  is  that  of  1619,  in  the 

Bniish  Museum,  called  the  eleventh  edition.   Mr. 

Chalmers  notes  a  remarkable  edition,  Eiin.,  1630, 
us  "the  only  copy  known."  I  have  not  seen  this, 
but  there  i*  before  me  the  twenty-ei;rbth  edition, 
"  Edin.,  Printed  by  John  Hart,  1630/'  which  is  my 
next  in  order  of  date.  But  a  small  edition,  with- 
out date,  and  that  which  has  prompted  this  note,  is 
the  one  bearing  a  pretty  copy  of  the  engraved  title, 
and  purj>orting  '*to  be  Amplified  by  the  Author,  the 
last  and  most  correct "  (called  in  the  dedication 
the  thirty-first  edition),  ''printed  at  Ed3'Tibur<? 
by  Jacob  Williams  for  the  good  of  Great  Britaine." 
Tills  imprint  is,  of  course,  fictitious,  and  corre- 
5|xinds  nearly  with  another  impression  of  similar 
fi^rm,  "  Printed  at  Delf  by  Abraham  Jacobs,"  for 
behoof  of  the  s^ame  benighted  nation.  A  third  of 
the  same  description  i.*?,  "  Printed  at  Amsterdam 
by  John  Handson  "  ;  all,  no  doubt,  supplied  from 
Holland  at  a  period  when  Great  Britain  might  be 
suppoHed  to  need  a  return  to  the  sound  episcopal 
teaching  of  the  Binhop  of  Bangor— for  I  assign 
all  these  diimpty  little  importations  to  the  time 
of  the  Commonwealth^— and  probably  originating 
in  the  filial  piety  and  great  zeal  for  the  Church  of 
his  son,  Thomas  Bayly,  then  an  exile  in  Holland 
for  over-demonstration  of  his  loyalty  to  King 
Charles  and  Hi^h  Church  tendencies  (see  his 
Motjal  ChiuUr).  In  the  introductory  address  to 
the  Prince  to  all  the  editions  of  the  Practice  of 
Ficty  here  cited,  the  author  says  : — "  This  is  the 
third  epistle  he  has  written  to  draw  his  Highness 
nearer  to  God,  and  that  he  here  once  again  offers 
his  old  miic  ntw  stampt."  And  this  is  the  last 
revise  of  the  author,  who  died  in  IG31.  The 
favourable  antecedents  of  the  old  orthodox  Frac- 
fke  of  Pidy  have  procured  it  a  modern  editor  in 
Miss  Grace  Webster,  whose  edition,  published  in 
1832,  like  most  old  books  so  edited,  adds  little  to 
the  object  of  ray  inquiry  beyond  a  neat  bio- 
jLjraphical  notice.  Among  the  many  readers  of 
''  N.  &  Q."  who  take  an  interest  in  the  origin  and 
progress  of  ft  popular  relijj:ious  manual,  which  hm 
found  favour  and  been  printed  in  the  original  as 
well  as  translated  in  foreign  lands,  I  hope  to  hear 
something  more  about  my  old  book.  J.  0, 

Rev.  —  BincH,  Eector  of  HocfonTON  Con- 
Qt'EST,  Bedford.— Can  you  give  me  information 
regarding  the  arms  or  family  of  the  Eev.  —  Birch, 
Bector  of  Houghton  Conquest,  co.  Be^iford  I  His 
daughter  Ann  married  Benedict  Conque-^t,  Esq.,  of 
Houghton  Conquesit,  A  metuoranduni  exists  to 
this  effect,  and  under  it,  in  pencil,  is  a  rough 
sketch  or  indication  of  their  arms.  The  date  of 
1733  is  also  given.  This  sketch  would  be  more 
comprehenj^iblo  had  Benedict  Conquest  had  two 
wives  ;  but  I  am  not  aware  that  he  was  twice 
married.  The  arms  are  Party  per  pale,  dexter  side 
clearly  those  of  Conquest ;  the  sinister  &idc  seems 
to  be  Party  per  fess,  and  if  so,  the  coat  on  the  chief 
part  might  be  Argent,  a  fess  counter  embattled 


i^ulea,  and  the  coat  below  would  iilmost  certainly 
be  Azure»  a  chevron  between  three  priffins,  argent. 
The  tinctures  and  the  three  griflin^  are  noted  in 
writing,  bitt  the  chevron  is  the  only  charge  clearly 
distiDguishuble.  The  son  of  Benedict  Con^juest 
and  this  Ann  was  Benedict  Conquest,  who  married 
JMxin*,  daughter  of  Thomas  Murkham,  Esq.,  of 
Ollerton,  co.  Notts.  He  sold  Hoiij|;hton,  and 
removed  to  Imham  Hall,  co.  Lincoln.  Their 
daughter  and  heiress,  Mary  Christina,  married  the 
eighth  Lord  Anmdell  of  Wardour,  jpreat-grand- 
iather  (materaally)  of  the  present  mierist, 

F.  A.  Weld, 

Lleweltn  ap  Griffith  and  nis  Descendaxts. 
— The  unntil  accounts  of  the  Tudor  family  inform 
iiq  that  Catherine,  daughter  of  the  last  Prince  of 
North  Wales,  married  Philip  np  Ivor,  and  that 
they  had  an  only  daughter  and  heiress  Eleanor. 
Xheae  Tudor  pcdicreea  make  no  mention  of  any 
other  marriage  of  Catherine's,  but  in  Burke's  ac- 
count of  Moaiyn  of  Talacre  (Peerage  and  Jifrrond- 
iige  for  1805),  lorwerth  Vychan  ap  lorwerth  Gam 
ia  said  to  have  married  ^^  Catherine,  diitii;hter  of 
Dewelyn  np  Griffith,  Prince  of  North  Wales  "  ; 
and  from  this  match  the  rest  of  the  descent  is  de- 
duced. Can  any  Welsh  genealogist  kindly  ex- 
plain this  r  Cl. 

HEBALorc— 1.  When  was  the  red  lily  first  u?ed 
as  the  device  of  the  Florentine  Commonwealth  I 
2.  When  was  the  red  cross  on  a  white  field  first 
Uiied  as  the  device  of  the  Florentine  people  ?  3. 
How  far  back  can  be  traced  (authentically)  the 
use  of  this  last  device — arg,,  a  cross  gu.— as  tlmt 
of  the  people  of  England  ?  K.  Nokgatk. 

Sir  Benjamin  Wrench,  M.D.,  of  Norwich, 
die<l  AujjTUst  15,  1747,  ii't.  eighty-two.  Can  any 
one  furnish  me  with  an  account  of  his  parentage, 
family  conne:xion8,  and  other  particular*  concern- 
ing him  ?  He  appears  to  have  been  tiirice  mar- 
ried, and  to  have  left  daughters  married  to  Pri- 
deaux,  Marcon,  Jenny,  and  Wharton.  Please 
comraiinicate  direct  with      Charles  Jackson. 


to  examine  the  Racramental  plate  at  Thoroage 
Church,  Norfolk,  I  made  some  notes  respecting  it^ 
which  may  perhaps  be  admitted  into  "N.  &  Q." 
Round  the  chalice  is  the  following  inscription  :— 
*'  ■»-  Thes  .is.j*.  grfte  .  of .  iohn  .  Butc«  .  and ,  M«- 
gret .  hvB  .  wjfo  .  1456  .  xrhych  .  died  .  1477.*' 

In  the  same  line  are  the  initials  L  B,  and  M»  B. 
Under  the  inscription  is  a  shield  bearin|j  three 
star:?,  and  on  a  clievron  three  lozenges,  being  the 
arms  of  the  Butes  or  Butts  family. 

On  the  pten,  which  is  very  small  and  pl]iio,i 
the  following  words  : — 

altred  by 
I.  Staloui 

a.  ft*  ises,** 

I  conclude  that  I.  Stalom  was  the  rector  at  thai 
time,  though  hia  name  does  not  occur  in  the  (in- 
complete) list  of  the  rectors  given  by  Bloomfield 
{Eutonj  of  Norfolk). 

Are  there  muny  instances  of  pre-Beformatiatt 
church  plate  remaining  in  Enghnd  I  This  chaJir^ 
is  in  excellent  preservation.  F.  J.  N.  IsD. 

Bitjfield  Hftll.  Norfolk. 

Thomas  Brewer.— lofonnation  f;iven,  Sept.  17, 
r{;2t),by  James  Martin,  "re?ipecting  Thaniaa  Bre«-er 
and  others,  Puritnna  and  Brownists  in  Kcnt,^  ii^ 
noted  in  the  Cakndnr  of  i^laU  Paj^crs,  I)oi 
Series,  162a-162fi,  p.  430  (No.  110).  Any  infol 
mation  concerning  this  Thomas  Brewer,  his  fami* 
and  descendants,  will  oblige. 

J.   H.    TRTTMBtTLL. 

Hartford,  Conn.,  U.S. 

"  Grat'b  Injt  Guinea."— In  Farquhar's  coi 
of  Sir  Harry  Wildair^  Act  L,  in  the  dh' 
between  Col.  Standard  and  Parly,  is  used 
term.     What  was  its  origin  I  F.  P.  B. 

Need  FiKE^^Have  any  of  yam  readers  ei 
heard  of  "  need  fire,"  and,  if  so,  can  they  give 
any  information  respecting  it  ? 

Reginald  V.  Le  Bas, 

SIL^^:R  Plate.— I  hare  in  my  possession  four 
silver  covers,  varying  in  aiie  frmn  two  inches  to 
four  inches  in  diameter,  intended  for  gallipot  or 
glass  receptacles,  each  cover  having  the  creat 
a  demi-lion  issuing  out  of  a  mural  coronet, 
bolding  in  its  paws  a  shield  or.  charged  with  a 
chevron  of  the  same.  The  covers  are  not  ancient, 
as  I  fancj  the  head  of  our  present  sovereign,  with 
the  other  usutil  stumps,  may  be  seen.  Should  a 
correspondent  recognize,  I  shrill  he  happy  to  offer 
more  information.  C  D.  Milj 


Cumberl&ad  Road,  Bristol. 

Pas-RBroRMATioK   Church  Plate.— Having 
been  allowed  by  the  Rev.  C.  Brereton,  the  rector, 

Heraldic. — Wlien  a  family  cfirry  two  luoti 
in  their  arms,  one  for  the  crest  and  tlie  other  unc 
the  shield,  is  it  correct  for  an  unmarried  daught 
to  place  the  latter  motto  under  her  lozenge  I 

W.  M.  M. 

Hiero?«ymu8    David. — Where   is    the    fu 
account  of  this  artist  to  be  found  I    la  there 
separate  biography  of  him,  or  any  published  liat 
bis  works  1  S.  D. 

**  The  Societt  of  tre  Blue  and  Orajjoe,"- 
liave  Been  in  the  possession  of  a  friend  an  engi 
ing,  under  which  the  following  inscription  nppeai 

"  In  Memnry  of  our  Itite  Glorious  D«lirerer  Ki 
William  the  lit.,  this  Plate  (of  tbe  City  and  Cnitle 
Namur,  talcon  lti95)  u  rooit  Humbly  Dedicated  to  th« 





£ap«ri<mr,  WAideiB^  and  the  Rest  of  the  Memhere  of  the 
lioynl  »ml  Friendly  Society  of  the  Hlue  niul  Orange,  hy 
^\.  ..,v--  --«  ►NfirniostbbUjfcd  HuniWo  Sorvaiit.  John 
F:  a   the  Origiual  Painting  now  in  the 

JS    i  ;.ip  of  KilUare  [Gcorpe  Stone,  D.D.]» 

1713.  Pinx'.    J,  Faber  Fecit,  1743." 

Kit  ,  A  b  the  princiiml   figure,  and  in 

r.  'lack   horse.      Can  any   reader  of 

*  ^  _ '  me  with  particukira  of  the  ahove- 

n  :    :y  f  AUHDA. 

Tec     USHOP'S    HAD    HIS    FOOT   IN    IT."— ThlS 

.h;q/,  which  I  have  never  heard  out  of  Derby- 
'hir».%  is  one  used  (so  far  as  I  have  been  able  to 
note)  chiefly  by  farmers'  wives  and  cooks,  who 
havt  pTcttx  frequently  ocaision  to  boil  milk  to 
fi  poiling.    Any  one  at  all  familiar 

y>i  .11-8  of  milk  will  know  that  it  i.s 

ftoiutjtiuieja  Very-  difhcnlt  to  boil  it  without  burning 
it.  Whate'ver  care  may  be  taken  it  will  burn,  and 
therefore  be  spoiled.  When  Buch  a  mishap  occur?, 
ihe  wife  iir  C4X)k  will  «at,  *'  The  bishop  's  had  his 
foot  in  it*"  The  milk  acquires  when  burnt  a 
liecidiAr  taJite  and  smell,  and  when  thus  is  known 

mrM  "  hiahopped  niUk.'^    Can  any  one  exphiin  why 
HBlinied  milk  in  associated  with  a  bishop  ) 

™^  Thomas  Ratcliffe, 


The  Manorial  Courts  of  former  times  had 

criminil  jurisdiction  over  those  slighter  offences 

which  are  now  dealt  with  by  justices  of  peace  in 

petty  sessions.     Ha&  this  power  been  taken  from 

ilic  maaor  courta  by  statute,  or  only  fallen  into 

4-jttie  I     It  is  a  common  rppinion  amonjj  Rolicitora 

u.A  "r  1,  .,1  been  aboli shea  by  Act  of  Parliament, 

mt  of  inquiry  or  research  has  enabled 

any  such  statute.  Axon. 

TuESrAvr.xGER's  OFFrcE  IS  THR  Seventeenth 

C^sTtJRr. — Thoroton,  writing  of  Nottingham  and 

Ui   trnremmpnt    in    1G75,    numbers    among   its 

I  "^  lie  scavenger,  who,  he  says,  "looks 

of  the  ptivement  and  streets  of 

'■1     nMi,  :inu  attends  utKin  the  mayor's  wife." 

Thw  ^cems  to  me  a  somewhat  curious  combination 

^  tluties.     Now-a-days,    T    think,  "the  mayor's 

tif* "  would  harvJly  dti'iu  it  "  gooti  enoi;gh  '*  to  be 

^  ;  iM  iinr.n  by,  and  otlicijilly  connected  with,  the 

iger  of  the  town.    Was  it  the  custom 

w-ns,  at  the  time  in  question^  for  the 

t^fficiai  scarenger  to  attend  upon  the  mayor's  wife  ? 

F.  D, 

SwnnTiN  Faxilv. — Is  there  any  English  famOy 
tf  Ufce  name  of  Swinton,  bearing  arms,  that  can 
vt99  given  their  name  and  their  arras  ns  an  inn 
■Jgn  to  Swinton  Stre^^t,  next  to  Acton  Street,  in 
^taT'i  Inn  Road  I  The  street^  judging  from  old 
pUas  of  London,  waa  made  about  1760. 

B.  R.  S, 

RALEinii'S  MSS.-— "The  famous  llr.  Hamden, 
a  little  before  the  civil  wars,  was  at  the  charge  of 
transcribing  3452  sheets  of  Bir  Walter  Raleigh's 
MSS.,  as  the  amanuensis  himself  told  me."  These 
words  are  quoted  in  that  tantalizing  book  of  Delia 
Bacon's  on  Shakapeure,  where  not  one  in  fifty  of 
the  citiitions  is  verltied  by  chapter  and  verse 
references.  Who  is  the  writer  who  mentions  this 
fact  of  Haraptlen,  and  where  are  these  MSS.  of 
Raleigh's?  C.  A,  Ward. 


(2*"»  S.  vi.  431.) 

HisTORicus  makes  one  or  two  queries,  at  the 
above  reference,  ns  to  this  ancient  corps,  in  which  I 
had  the  honour  of  serving  for  some  years.  First, 
"  Where  w,is  it  stationed  in  March,  176 17  It 
sailed  from  ^pithead  for  Eelleiale  on  Thursday^ 
Maif  14,  1701/'  &c.  Surely  HiSTORictis  is  quite 
wrong  here.  In  the  historical  records  of  the  regi- 
ment for  the  year  1760  it  if*  Kald  :— 

^*The  regltnejit  hftTing  ouffcred  considerable  loM  In 
kflled  and  wounded,  nnd  by  di»cft»o  oriijntr  from  the 
climHte"  (the  French  West  India  islands),  «  it  retorned 
to  Ennjtand  in  17t>0  to  recruit." 

1701.  •' In  the  sprinjc  of  17G1  it  vrm  ftg&in  prepw«d 
for  active  f^rvice,  tokd  formed  part  rtf  the  forc«  placed 
under  the  orderi  of  Major-Gen.  Hodgson  for  an  attack 
upon  Bcllf -Isle^  a  French  island  in  the  Buy  of  Biacfty,  off 
the  coMt  af  Brittany.  The  expedition  appeared  before 
this  place  ou  the  7tk  of  Ap^-it,  and  a  landing  WM 
ftttemjited  on  the  following  dny,"  &c. 

•'  Why  hos  this  corps  been  termed  the  Nut- 
crackers \  ^'  I  ftm  quite  unable  to  answer  this  querj^ 
and  shall  be  gUul  to  hear  of  the  reason  why.  "  Also 
the  Resurrectionists,  after  May  16,  1811  ? "  This  is 
answered  in  a  note  at  the  above  reference.  "  Also 
whet  her  tliis  regiment  is  entitled  to  the  motto, 
*  Veteri  frondescit  honore,'  and,  if  so,  why  I "  I 
suppose,  when  dilferent  articles  of  uniform  are 
served  out  to  troops  by  Government  with  a  motto 
on  them,  that  thei-e  can  be  little  doubt  but  that 
the  ti-oops  eo  nerved  have  a  right  to  such  a 
moUo.  If  IIisTORicus  means  to  ask  whether  the 
reghiient  has  a  ^igh^,  from  its  previous  history,  to 
such  a  motto,  I  answer  that  I  belfeve  no  regiment 
in  the  British  anny  hns  a  better  right  to  such  a 
one.  liCt  me,  in  jw  brief  a  manner  as  I  can,  give 
a  short  account  of  this  regiment  from  the  historical, 
recoinls  : — 

1572.  "Tn  the  month  of  March  of  this  vear  the 
citireus  nf  London  hsd,  in  ctbodience  to  her  Ma^iesty's 
commandi,  selected  from  the  several  companies  three 
thousand  '  rnen  at  nrrns '  and  'shot.'  in  the  u»ual  manner, 
and  iuRtructeJ  in  thi?  military  exercises  by  experienced 
officer*.  On  the  Ut  of  May  they  were  mustered  and 
exercised  in  the  prticnceof  her  Majesty  at  Greenwich,* 
and  among  them  were  inanyvetenui  officers  and  goidior«, 

♦  Holinihed's  Chroiiiclt,  Staw,  &e. 



[B-'S.  V.JlM.  15,TS. 


wlio  had  Berved  in  IrelanJ,  Scotland,  Rnd  France,  but 
were  lit  this  period  unemployed.  CaptAiii  Thom&s  MorgAC, 
an  officer  of  disting^aiitbed  merit,  being  })riTately  counte* 
nanced  by  seTernt  noblemen  and  other  persons  who  were 
favourable  to  the  Ftemisli  cause«  and  assisted  irith  money 
iy  the  deputation  from  Flushing,  raised  a  company  of 
three  hundred  men,  among  whom  vren  upwards  of  one 
Luudred  gentiemon  of  property,  who,  being  inspired  with 
a  noble  enthusiasm  for  the  cause  of  religion  and  liberty, 
enrolled  thcmselTea  under  the  veteran  Captain  Morgan.* 
TbtK  company  was  the  nucleuii  of  a  numerous  body  of 
British  troops,  which,  after  the  peace  of  Mnnster  in 
]648.  was  reduced  to  one  repruent,  and  having  been  re- 
called to  England  ia  1(3(35,  is  now  the  3rd  Regiment  of 
Foot,  or  the  Buffs," 

Froui  tills  date,  1572^  until  1653  the  regiment 
wus  iu  constant  iictive  service,  chiefly  against  the 
Spaniards  in  the  Low  Coimtries,  In  thelatteryear^ 

'*  The  States,  having  now  no  enemy  to  fear,  reduced 
the  strength  of  their  land  forces;  and  the  English 
Tetertms  were  incorporated  into  one  regimentj  which 
was  designatod  the    Holland    Regiment,  and    is  now 

the  3rd  Regiment  of  Foot  in  the  British  line, After 

the  reduction  of  tlie  four  regiments  into  one,  which  event 
is  said  to  have  taken  place  in  1655,  the  colonelcy  appears 
to  have  been  co&ferred  on  the  veteran  Colonel  John 
Cromwell,  who  had  for  many  years  commanded  one  of 
th«  jumor  English  regiments." 

Anil  now  comes  a  bit  of  history  that  is  very  in- 
teresting, antl,  I  think,  highly  to  the  credit  of  the 
regiment  :^ 

*' Although  England  had  become  a  CommonweaUh, 
and  the  royal  family  was  in  exile,  yet  the  Holland  Regi- 
ment preferred  its  loyalty,  and  it  appears  to  hnve  been 
composed  of  men  firmly  attached  to  the  royal  cause.  Tbe 
bnvve  Colonel  John  Cromwell,  who  ytm  a  near  kinsman 
of  the  Lord  Protector,  and  who  had  been  in  the  service 
of  the  State*  upwards  of  thirty  years,  was  particularly 
distintrui&hed  for  his  attachment  to  the  royal  family^  and 
he  litild  the  regicides  and  usurpers  of  the  kingly  authority 
ill  >j.'h  detestation  that  be  obtained  permission  of  King 
Charles  IT.  to  change  his  name  from  Cromwell  to 

l(>(]5.  The  regiment  was  recalled  to  Endand 
by  Charles  IL,  and  hh  Majesty  conferred  the 
colonelcy  of  the  regiment  on  Lieut.-Col.  Rohert 
Sidne3%  bj  commiasion  dated  May  31,  U!G3.  At 
the  srtme  tinje  its  appellation  of  the  Holland  Regi- 
ment continued  during  the  succeedinp;  twenty-four 
years.  It  obtained  rtink  in  the  English  army  from 
the  date  of  its  arriral  in  England  in  M:iy,  10^35,  and 
wa*  consequently  fourth  in  the  British  11  dp.  The 
first  was  Douglas'a  Rt";i;iinent,  now  the  1st  Royal, 
which  arrived  in  Englantl  from  France  in  'the 
summer  of  1*361,  and  obtained  rank  from  that 
date  ;  the  second  was  the  Tangier  Eeghnent,  now 
the  2nd  or  Queen's  Royal,  ndsetl  in  the  autumn 
of  IP*H\  ;  the  third  wtis  the  Admiral'»t  or  Duke  of 
York's  Regiment,  raised  in  1C64,  and  incorporated 
in   lOSi)   in   the   2nd  Foot    Guard*  ;    the  fourth 

•  Tfu  ActioM  tH.  the  Lo»  Conntriex,  by  Sir  Roger 
UTiUiam*,   who   wa«   a   soldier   of  Captain   Morgan*a 

regiment  was  probably  the  origin  of  the  Royal 
e  Corps  being  raised. 

CUV     I* 

)  time  Ji 


%va5  the  Holland  Regiment,  but  after  the  above 
incorporation  of  tlie  Duke  of  York  s  Regiment  it 
became  the  3rd  Foot^  and  obtained  at  that  time 
the  title  of  "  Prince  George  of  Denmark's 

1707.    In  this  year  "  Prince   George  of  Den- 
mark's  Regiment*"    was  permitted   to  dispby  a 
dragon  on  its  colours,  aa  a  regimental  badge, 
reward  for  its  gaUant  conduct  on  all   occasi 
The  dragon,  being  one  of  the  supporters  to  tl 
royal  arms  in  the  time  of  Queen  Elizabeth, 
indicated  the  origin  of  the  corps  in  her  Majest 
reip:n.     In  this  year  was  aho  St.  Andrew's  Ci 
added  to  St,  George's  Cross  on  the  colours  of 
Euglish   regiments  ;   and  a  colour  with  the  t^ 
crostsea  was  designated  the  Union, 

I7u8,  On  the  decease  of  H.R.H.  Prince  Geoi 
of  Deniu:irk,  Oct.  28,  1708,  the  regiment  waa 
longer  distinguisilied  by  his  title.  "'  In  official  reti 
and  orders  it  was  distinguished  by  the  name  of 
colonel  ;  in  newspapers  and  other  perioilical  nub- 
Ucations  it  was  sometimes  styled  the  HoUaSid 
Regiment ;  and  it  eventually  obtained  a  title 
the  colour  of  the  clothing.  The  men  s  coata 
lined  and  faced  with  buff;  they  also  wore 
waistcoats^  bufi?  breeches,  and  buff  stockingAj 
were  emphatically  culled  'The  Buffs.'"  May^ 
not  also  pnrtly  have  arisen  from  the  Yorkshire 
word  "  To  at.nnd  buff "  ?  i.  c,  "  tinn,''  rids 
^'K.  iS:  Q.,"  2«^»  S.  X.  21».  "Steady,  *  The  Buffi/" 
a  not  unfamiliar  caution  to  many  anEnglisih  soMier. 

1751.  Ua  J\ily  1,  1751^  a  njyal  \uv? 
issued  respecting  the  clothing  and  colours  of  ev^  rv 
regiment.     In  this  warrant  the  regiment  is  *]■    . 
nated  the  3id  or  Bufl's,  and  it   is  anthorizt  .  t  - 
bear  in  the  centre  of  it5  colours — 

*'  The  dragon,  being  the  ancient  badge,  and  the  rose 
and  crown  in  the  three  comers  of  the  secoad  colour.  Op 
the  grenadier  caps  the  dragon  :  white  horse  and  kin^» 
motto  on  the  flaca.  The  same  badge  of  the  dragon  to  be 
Iiainted  on  the  ilrums  and  bells  of  arms,  with  the  raak 
of  the  regimeat  underueath." 

175G.  In  this  year  it  was  increased  to  twenty 
companies,  and  divided  into  two  battalions, 

1758.  In  this  year  the  second  battidion  was 
constituted  the  CUst  Regiment, 

1752.  In  this  year  it  was  styled  the  3rd  East 
Kfnt  Regiment,  or  the  Buffs,  by  the  commands  of 
his  Jbjejjty  by  a  letter  ilated  London,  August  31, 
17.Si2,  from*  Field-Marshal  Conway,  Commander-in- 

1803.  In  this  year  it  was  augmented  to  two 

IH15.  In  this  year  the  second  batttdion  waa 
ilislmnded.  The  early  commanders  of  the  regimeat 
before  16t;5  were  Thomas  Morgan,  Sir  John  Norria, 
Robert,  Earl  of  Leicester ;  Sir  Francis  Yere ;  Horace 
L(»Tii  Yere,  Baron  of  Tilbury  ;  Sir  John  Ogle  ;  Sir 
Charles  Morgan  ;  Henry,  Earl  of  Oxford  ;  Robert^ 
Earl  of  Oxford  ;  Aubrey,  Earl  of  Oxford  ;  John 




Cromwell.  Aft4Er  that  date,  perhaps  the  most 
noted  men  were  Sir  Walter  Vane,  1668  ;  Charles 
Churclkil],  1666 ;  John,  Bute  of  Argyll,  1707  ; 
Imt  amoMt  mch  a  distiuguished  list  of  nAmos 
Aft  thftl  of  tlie  oomxoanders  conaista  of,  it  b  In- 
^ndimiv'to  piek  one  oat  before  another. 

**Wiw  il  n--       '  to  Lord  Clare's  Eegiment  at 
the  battle  '  i,  May  23,  17(>G,  und  with 

wlist  moU.         «   ■.>   not  quite    understand  the 
Jt  certainly  was  present  ut  Eainillies  on 
and  very  much  distinguished  itself 
— '»  RegimeDt^  under  the  command 
rfes  Churchill,  who  was  the  son  of 
Cliaiies  Churchill,  the   colonel  of  the 

qne«tion,  as  to  the  Coldstream  Guards, 

aniible  in  any  way  to  answer.    The  Buffi? 

!nt  at  Fontenoy  with  Lord  John  Murray's 

mdera   (now  the '  42nd)^   and  covered   the 

it   of    the    army   conjointly  with   that  regi- 

In  1 87-  the  ofticers  of  the  regiment,  toge» 

'*'  many  who  had  formerly  served  in  it,  met 

rs  Rooiii5  for  their  first  regimental  dinner 

'"•rate  the  tercentenary  anniversary  of 

,  which  is,  I  believe,  what  no  other 

-  fhe  Bemce  has  the  power  of  doing  ; 

f    think  the    motto,  "  Veteri    frondescit 

}rt/*  a  not  undeserved  one.  J),  Cv  E. 

Crescent^  Bedford. 

'It  has  the  privilege  of  marching  through 
•trrets  of  London  with  hayoneta  fixed,  band 
playing,  and  colours  flving,  vide  *'N.  &  Q.,"  4«»»  S. 

•^Calcihs"  (o»»>  S.  iv.  405,471  ;  v.  16.)— About 

the  in^onin;^'  of   the  Mid.  Lat.  cakeata,  cakda, 

taktia^  axli4n^    Fr.   chanck,   ckaussde,   E.    cakie, 

mufy,  or  eorrapily  amntway^  there  is  no  dispute. 

Ii<\g&iJies  a  made  roiid,  including  often  the  notion 

^  i  taifC'd  bunk,  with  a  surface  solidified  by  any 

mr  vn^     -  r f  I  n  ^^^^  r.i  1 1 1 1  ^  :i  /^^er  "* — ilarcellinua  in  Due.  ; 

rustatna  " — Sidonius  ;  "  Be 

I  m  solidum  viatoribus  fieri 

twv  — Ingulphus.      The  essential   feature  is  the 

1*''^i*Trtn   of  a  hard  surface,  xrhich  can  l)est  l>e 

lid  paving,  as  in  the  great  highways 

^      There  could  not,  then,  be  a  more 

i.  ^'on  than  one  which  made  the  word 

i    V .  i  way,  equivalent  to  the  It.  strathi^ 

I!    Lnt.  via  strata  lupidibus,  a  wa^' laid 

<)r  the  Fr.  joaiY,  familiarly  used  in  the 

' '       Now  the  Portuguese  cal^'or 

!,  primarily  to  shoe,  is  secon- 
>ense  of  arming  with  a  harder 
jLt  is  subjected  to  wear  and  tear, 
.  „:i  implement  shod  with  iron  or 
i  ally  it  is  used  in  the  sense  of  paving 
Thus  m/frtcia,  the  Ptg.  equivalent 
!{•  oar  anury,  is  literally  a  shod  or  a  paved  way, 
'     *  ir  is  80  obvious  and  the  explanation  so , 

natural,  that  it  is  surpri.sing  it  did  not  meet  with 
general  acceptance  when  it  was  so  clearly  pro- 
pounded by  Spelman,  who  saya,  "  Non  a  calcando 
dicta,  sed  k  calceando,  quod  vel  lapidibus  ve!  dunV 
alia  materia  quasi  calceo  raunitur  contra  injuriam 
plaustTomm  vel  itinerantium."  This  explanation 
&eemi5  to  me  no  complete  aa  to  leave  no  opening  for 
Diez's  derivation  (fwlopted  by  Mtl,  Skeat)  of  eal- 
centa,  in  the  sense  of  made  of  lime,  even  if  he  could 
show  such  a  use  of  that  terra.  The  same  may  be 
said  of  Littru's  explanation  (after Cliarpentier)  from 
Mid.  Lnt.  calriatust^  "  chausse,  puis  foule,"*  shod, 
then  trod  or  beaten  down,  \rhich  fails,  moreover, 
to  give  any  account  of  the  connexion  between  these 
meanings.  If.  indeed,  the  word  can  be  found,  as 
he  asserts,  in  Mid,  Lat.  in  the  hitter  sense,  it  is  no 
doubt  a  mis-apelling  for  cakatus^  and  never  could 
have  given  rise  to  our  M*opd.  H.  Wedgwood. 
31,  Queen  Anne  Street,  W. 

The  " George -the-Third  schoolboy"  used  to 
connect  this  word,  through  the  French,  with  calx 
or  coieewj,  aa  being  a  trodden  or  foot  imth.  The 
raised  tide  path — often  a  church  path— is  mostly 
distinguished  from  the  roadway  by  this  M*ord 
cauitimy.  It  has  nothing  whatever  to  do  with 
lime,  nor  even  limegtoae  nor  chalk,  which  are  not 
used  in  preference  to  other  materials. 

TnoiiAS  Kerslake. 

This  word  is  the  translation,  in  the  statute 
of  the  23  Hen.  VIII.  c.  6,  of  cakcta  in  the 
statute  of  the  6  Hen.  VI.  c.  5,  and  no  doubt  it  is 
derived  from  ml'\,  chalk.  The  old,  and,  according 
to  Johnson,  the  correct,  form  of  raiisetrmf  wfts 
Cftitsctj^  which  is  still  in  use  in  the  IMidland 
Cotmties,  iind  is  commonty  applied  to  jyavetl  foot- 
ways. Minsheu  gives  us,  "chaussee  ou  chaulcee, 
a  ealce,  qua  in  pavimentis  plernraque  utuntur/' 
Clinmbnud's  Fr.  ef  Antj.  Diet,  lias  "  ehausste,  levee 
de  terre  pour  retener  I'eau  d'un  ctang,  «!fcc.,  ou  pour 
wervir  de  passage  daoa  les  lieux  marecageux." 
Bailey,  Dki.  gives  "  a  Ijank  raised  in  marshy 
ground  for  a  foot  passage."  Spelman  (Gkisary) 
gives  three  meaningg  to  cakeatc,^  cakdnm :  (1)  a 
paved  way  ;  (2)  a  bank  to  restrain  the  flow-  of 
water  ("  agger  ad  coercendas  aquas  ") ;  (3)  a  pool 
the  waters  of  which  are  kept  in  by  a  bank  I'as  I 
infer  from  the  grant  cited  by  him).  The  question, 
therefore,  what  mkU^  means  in  the  stjitute  of 
Hen.  VIII.  must  be  determined  by  the  object  of 
that  statute,  which  was  to  cause  the  construction 
of  works  to  prevent  "  the  outrageous  tlowing, 
surges,  and  course  of  the  sea"  and  rivers  upon 
low  grounds.  It  is  clear  that  a  bank  to  restrain 
the  flow  of  water  would  aptly  fall  within  the  scope 
of  that  statute,  whilst  a  paved  footway  would  not. 
The  inference,  therefore,  is  that  cnkk.*  means  a 
bank  ;  and  the  term  may  have  been  applied  to  a 
bank  pavetl  on  its  ton  with  chalk,  or  guarded  or 
floitered  (as  we  should  say  on  the  banks  of  the 





DoTc)  ifllh  chtflk,  to  prerent  its  being  washed 
amy  tij  the  action  of  water.  C  S.  6. 

PoETB  THB  Masters  or  Lahguage  :  Lord 
Btbosi  (4**  S,  xi,  110  ;  b^  B,  IV.  431»  491  ;  r. 
I4j— Dr,  Gattt  uk»  yo«r  readem  what  they 
think  of  the  following  oae  of  the  word  "  sung  "  :— 
"  T>ie  UIm  of  Gi««ee,  itw  tflet  of  Gre«cer 
Where  Iramiog S^plto  Lored  und  fvn^/* 
I  am  otie  of  jotir  pe^en  from  the  coninicncement, 
and  I  reply  tjut  it  is  good  sonnd  English— Anglo- 
Saxon  if  you  will 

The  verb  nn^n^  A--S.,  or  «t7i^«n,  High  Ger., 
iiggran,  Gothic,  is  common  to  all  the  Teutonic 
dialects.  The  original  preterite  wm  aing.  tatig^ 
plur.  jn(ngon,,h[xt  very  early  $ang  became  corrupted 
into  tiong.  Thus  in  King  Alfred's  translation  of 
Bede,  speaking  of  Ciediuon  be  says,  "tong  he  arest 
ltd  ujiddan^^cardes  geaceape"  (He  first  aang  of  the 
creation  of  the  world).  Chaucer,  Miller's  Tak; — 
♦*  Thcrlo  he  tong  Bomtime  a  loud  qainibk." 

By  the  time  of  our  authorized  veraion  of  the 
8cripttirea  mitg  and  ^ung  had  become  confounded, 
and  u^jed  indiflerently.  Thus  Ex.  x\%  1  we  have, 
"  then  Mo&es  and  Aaron  tang  thits  song,"  whiUt  in 
Rev.  V,  9  we  read,  "  they  fung  a  new  song."  Biy- 
den  {AUxrnidcr^  Fcatt)  gives  us  : — 

*'  War,  he  tung,  h  toil  and  trouble, 
Honour  but  an  empty  bubble." 

Shakspeare  uses  sun{f  excluaively  both  in  the 
singular  and  plural  : — 

"To  whom  lie  ntng  in  rude  bareh-ionnding  rljjmei." 

Kinff  Jithn,  iv,  2, 

and  in  many  other  pAaaages.  With  Shiikepeare 
and  I>ry<leii  to  full  l>ack  upon,  Byron  can  hardly 
be  censured  for  using  the  ordinary  current  lan- 
guage of  his  time,  but  nothing  can  excuse  the 
cockneyisin  of  "  there  let  him  lay;'  which  ia  ab- 
horrent both  to  taste  and  sense. 

J«    A.    PlCTON. 

Sondjrknowe,  Wavertrcc. 

GirsiES  :  Ti>'KLEBi}  (r/**  S.  ii.  421  ;  iii.  4O0,)— 
Having  rt'ud  lately  the  Extracts  from  the  Coundl 
JiegUkr^  of  Om  Burgh  of  Aberdeen^  I  hrive  bad 
tny  attention  drawn  to  mimes  of  Gipsies  which  do 
not  Beem  to  have  beeu  noted  by  your  corre^pan- 
dents.  "8th  Mtiy,  1527"  (vob  i/p.  IH),  ^'  Ekin 
Jaks,  maister  of  the  Egiptiang,"  ia  accuaetl  of  st eat- 
ing **  twa  silver  spounis."  Again  (p.  16T),  **  22nd 
Jan.,  154M,  Barbara  Dya  Baptista  and  Helen 
Audree,  ser\'unds  of  Erie  George,  callit  of  Egipt," 
are  iwjcu»ed  of  stealing  twenty-four  marks.  Is 
Erie  to  be  considered  a  title,  and  did  it  confer  any 
recognized  authority  on  George  ?  Htis  this  question 
been  examined?  It  may  interest  Mr*  Kilgoitr 
to  know  that  we  can  trace  the  word  Tinkkr  at  least 
7<iO  years  back,  to  the  reign  of  William  the  Lion 
(116ri-lLM4}.  He  will  find  it  in  a  chitrter  (No.  4f\) 
in  the  Lxbcv  Eccksic  {U  Scon,  Edinb.,  1843.  It 
ift  the  gift  of  a  piece  of  ground  in  the  town  of 

Perth  by  King  William  to  his  armourer  (galnton\ 
and  the  ground  is  there  specified  *'  ilUm  scilicit 

3ue  iacet  ioter  terram  senon  incisoris  et  terram 
acobi  tinkler^  Tenend,"  &c.     Now  these   wen 
evidently  shop-keepers  of  Perth,  Serlon  ht^n^  a 
publican,  for  Du  Cange  defines  inruor— 
**  Htatutum  Communis  Bonooiensij,  a.  1 1 
the  expression,  "  etiam  ciui  ca.«enm  Incidi 
found — to  be,  **  C&npone^  hie  interpretor,  a] 
caseua  in  escam  pot&toribus  datur."    This 
law  of  Bologna  was  contemporary'  with  this 
of  William.    James,  tinkler,  I  take  here  to 
smith,  and,  if  not,  I  would  ask  what  is  it  7 
had  been  tme  that  the  Gipsies  did  not  make 
appearance  in  Western  Europe  till  the  fii 
century,  here  we   have  at  all  events    the 
Tinkler  in  the  end  of  the  twelfth  or  beginni 
the    thirteenth    century,      I    have  great   doi 
whether  TinkUr  was  ever  &  special  name  of 
Gipsies.    Perhaps  Mr.  Pictos,  with  his  1 
ledge  of  Northern  and  Eastern  languncrfs,  m 
able  to  throw  some  light  on  the  origin  »f  this 
I  xuppose  itannvvi,  which  in  the  fourth  cent 
came  to  signify  tin,  is  of  the  same  root.    Can 
traced  to  the  Ea.«it,  as  I  believe  Kacra-iTtpo^  a 
to  some  Sanscrit  root,  for  in  that  ca^  it  i 
lead  us  to  suppose  that    there  must   have 
mines  of  tin  known  to  Eastern  nations  before  < 
wall  was  visited  by  the  Phwnicians  ?    Where 
the?e  mines,  if  such  existed  in  early  times  ? 

The  name  of  Tinkler  continues  to  be  funnd 
old  charters  to  a  comparatively  late  period, 
it  appears  in  an  old  charter,  of  which  I  bai 
extnict  before  me^  referring  to  lands  not  far 
Hightae,  where  the  Gipsies— the  Foas,  the  Ken-? 
nedys,  &c,,  "  the  King's  kindly  tenants,"  as  they 
were  called — long  lived,  and  where  some  of  their 
descendants;,  I  believe,  are  still  living.    The  eh  r  •  ^ 
iR  dated  May  31,  143J>,the  third  year  of  Jaun     I] 
It  is  by  John  Halliday  of  Hodholm  (now  Hoddoni), 
by  which  he  wadsetts  his  lands  cnlled  Holcmft, » 
coteland,  which  was  sometime  belonging:  to  Wil 
Uam  de  Johnstone,  and  two  oxgangs  of  land,  v,  h  .  h 
are  cjdled  the  Tynkler's  Inndf*^  in  the  tenetn*        t 
Hodholm  and  lordship  of  Annandail,  to  Jo! 
f*jimitheTiB,  Laird  of  Mousewald,  for  in/,,  u;.  i,  y 
lent  him  ""in  hisgrete  myserie" dated  Mouse^^.iM- 
The  name  also  Tirukdlarix  dialing,  near  Inchiunan, 
ftppears  in  an  old  document  dated  April  23»  1530, 
in  a  dispute  between  the  Countess  Dovr.oger  of 
Lennox  and  John  Sympill  of  FuUvod,  ijuoted  by 
Mr.    Eraser   in   Ms   work    entitled    The    Lcnnoi 
(vol.  ii.  p.  235).  C.  T.  Ramaoe. 

Knk.hts  Templars  (5**»  S.  iv.  266.)— In  i 
HUtortj  of  Friewiisonnj^  Mr,  J,  G.  Findel  (of 
whom  Mr.  B.  Murray  Lyon,  one  of  the  Grand 
Stewards  of  the  Grand  Lodge  of  Scotland,  wrote 
in  1860 :  "  So  faithfully  has  the  author  perfonued 
Ms  task  03  the  historian  of  Freemasonrv,  tlmt  his 




naino  will,  I  belirre,  go  dowD  to  posterity  as  the 
A\]  '  he  bect^  tbe  fullest,  und  most  itiipartuil 

ir.  -^  daf  on  the  subject  of  which  it  treats") 

say  a  ; — 

**  Whan  fnmauoarj  erroQeoafly  Btippoaed  herself  to 
be  *  daio^tatt  of  Tezzrplarinxi,  ^e«t  pains  were  taken  to 
reitreaeoft  llw  old  Templ&n  u  a  ronch  ill  u»cd  body,  and 
the  tnA  vu  repressed.  The  Freemasons,  in  ilicir 
e«(p«s»ett  lo  obtain  hhtoric&l  facts,  permitted  false 
stsitztDCBtf  t»  be  palmed  upon  them.  The  iMeiBonic  nd- 
mifcnoftbe  Kniehts  TempUra  boii;:ht  u|>  the  whole  of 
Ik*  donoDMfils  of  the  lawsuit,  ]  ubliichea  by  Moldeii- 
J>fc«rr,  beano*  th^y  proreJ  tbe  culjabilityof  the  Order. 
XoltfeohAver  and  jlUnter  wUhed  to  follow  up  'their  one 
\«k  by  A  MMod  Tolome,  but  their  connexion  with  the 
fnumaoia  prerented  them  from  doing  so.  In  liie 
■illffli  of  tli*ci2;hteentb  century  «oine  branches  of  Froe- 
Bftnvy  sHslied  to  rcTire  tbe  Order  of  Knights  Tem- 
plbn»  mjWig;  iba.t  it  had  never  been  ouite  extinct.  In 
I751aFtwmmiOfi  Knight  Templar,  an  obscure  indtvidimU 
t)ablUb«d  in  Bnuaels  the  previous  work  of  Duprei 
{Psria,  IdSOlf,  with  leveral  notes,  additions,  and  ilocu- 
SMn»ts ;  but  so  mutilated,  that  it  doei  not  repret ent  the 
onldr ttciultj,  bat  innocent.  The  rcprebensiblo  policy 
ef  the  ^snplars^  and  their  licentiousnes*.  is  a  lets  dis- 
p«tt4  qisatiop  than  their  mjiteriet,  because  theie  latter 
do  ftM  a|if»ea,r  in  the  Iiistury  of  the  order ;  but  certaia 
tncBSoftaese  secret  teachings  are  not  altogether  want- 
lagf.  The  rcol  creed  of  tbe  order  was  Dcifm,  tbe  eceptl- 
caai«#th«  fftJtrictan  world,  nriixcd  up  with  tbe  cabalistic, 
4ltrr»>c>c  fupervtition  of  the  Middle  Ages. 

uldle  of  tbe  eij^bteenth  century,  the  report 

1  that  tbe  Order  of  Knights  Templars  con- 

vu  .   i  cu  tiist,  although  the  order  was  destroyed  in  the 

<*rlf  jaii  of  the  fourteenth  century." 

Ti ,,  ^.♦t-,  >  „  ,j-  ...,p  Qf  fgyj.  centuries  requires 

^ome  sort  of  evidence  before 

..-  .— -■.  ....  .  V  .ibh  Order  of  the  Temple  cnn 

W  %iaiitled.  Mit.  Haig  believes  in  it  because 
W  %doB|9  to  it,  and  becau.^ie,  oa  he  Ra]rs,  the  pre- 
■ttS  8ootti«]i  order  derires  an  income  of  Dn^.  per 
maam  fxom  property  formerly  belonftiDg  to  the 
Order  of  the  Temple.  Can  he  give  chanter  find 
rene  for  the  deeeent  of  this  as  reul  Templar  pro- 
grtT  ftlirayii   in   the   hands   of  real  Templars? 

!  «  order  was  abolished,  the  power  of  tbe 

*  annihilated,  and  it  war  impoMiblo  to  wake 

?  ^  ■  sfome  of  tbe  knights,  escaping  the  fate 

^randered  about  in  an  abject  state  of 

they  not  go  and  live  on  thi.^  property 
'     Again  ; — 

ive  knights  cotild  not,  of  thomselres,  re- 

nnlcr.      If  tbe  order  had  continued  to 

«^«*  1  would  most  surely  have  incorporoted 

|Mf  ^  -.v  order  of  chivftlry  which  the  Pope 

wsm  «iii„, . ^1  to  establifb  on  tbe  iabind  of  Lemnns. 

TO  the  gniTe  cannot  deliT»?r  up  its  dead.  If  it  bad 
*nllttiseed  tti  the  fourteenth  ana  fifteenth  eenturiesi,  it 
'^■U  hare  been  dbcovcred  and  betrayed  by  tbe  Jesuits. 
^  coold  not  bare  remained  even  a  score  of  years  con* 
<<al«d,  ttSIl  toM  centuries.'^ 

^  concIudiDfj  a  chapter  on  Tempi  aria  m,  in 
^Ibth  Findel  disfKxses  of  tbe  French  and  Scotch 
^'nDpIjus,  he  expresses  hiB  opinion  that  modem 

Templarism  is  "  child's  ph\y  sind  animt  nonsense/* 
an  opinion  which  I  beg  to  recommend  to  the  con- 
sideration of  Sir  Patriclc  Colquhouu  and  hia 
"knighta."  A  Student. 

"SAUUAor>*A"  :  "BERSAXDUii  -"  (n*  S.  ir.  389.) 

"  Sanvaglna.— Fera  silveitrii :  bete  sauvaa:«#  qai  hablte 
lea  fortis;  oh  sauva^n,  saiivagfine  (an,  1412). 

*'  Dcrsare.— Venari<  intra  bcrw!!  forcstso  venationem 
exercere  ;  cha^ser;  ol.  beroer" — Maigne  d*Amis,  Ltx* 
Man,  Med.  ei  luf.  LaL,  Pur.,  1S66. 

Blount's  Law  DicLf  Lond.,  1601,  has  :~ 
'*  Bersa   (Fr,  hers),  a    limit,  compass,    or  bound;— 
poaturam  duorum  taurorum  per  totam  bcrsam  in  foresta 
nostra   de   Cbipenham,  Alc—Moa.  Ami,,  2  par.  foL 
210  a. 

••  Bcrsare  {or  Germ,  bersen,  to  shoot).  Beraare  in 
foresta  mea  ad  tres  arcus  (carta  Bnnulphi  Coxnitii 
L'eitrM,  anno  1218)»  that  is,  to  hunt  or  shoot  with  three 
arrows  in  my  forest." 

Ed.  Marshall. 

Hauvagiimj  or  munaqina^  is  wild  fowl,  and  more 
especially  thonc  birds  whose  usual  places  of  abode 
are  raarphea  or  the  sea^coast.  Tbe  French  nauva^ 
(fine,  has  the  same  signification.  There  is  an  old 
French  verb,  bet-Fcr^  meaning  to  shoot,  to  hunt  with 
a  bo  ST,  with  which  hermnffum  maj"  be  compared. 
Du  Cange  gives  also  the  Low  Latin  hirsuj  a  kind 
of  hurdle  or  osier-work  used  as  a  fence  around 
hunting  forests.  B^rmre  wouhl  very  naturally 
derive  from  herm.  See  Littre,  Bercmu  and 
Sauva^ine.  HEyRi  Oausserox. 

Ajrr  Academy. 

Dufresne, under  "Sauvaginti/' refers  to  sylmticuSf 
which  he  renders  "  agrestis,  inctdtus,  a«pero  ingenio, 
sanvfuji,  lUlhgrUcatiro" ;  and  under  "  Salvaticus," 
7jro  Silvaticus^  he  says; — '*In  Churta  Edw.  IIL, 
Regis  Atigl.,  torn.  ii.  Morttutic.f  p.  768,  Sauvagijw^f 
dicontur  fonn  silvestre.s  :  De  tota  saurogitui^  et 
omnibus  hesiiis  iilveitribits  Cf'juscHnmie  gentrU 
forcnt .  .  .  quao  invent^t  in  clauso  iU  KiU^  ad  ber- 
sandujn^  vcnamhim^  iapirmlumf  &c.  Itali  Balvaff- 
gifit  dicunt.  Philippus  Mousliu  in  Menrico  I,: — 
'  Ciera  i  mit.  et  bisset  et  dains, 
Puis  counins,  lievrcs,  et  ferains, 
Et  manierc  de  Bftuvejjine.' " 
And  he  renders  BcrmrCy  hirsart^  'Wenari,  intra 
bcrmi^  foresta^  venationem  exercere.'*  Lc  Iloman 
dc  iiariny  MS. : — 

"  Et  en  riviere  r\  les  faucons  aler, 
Et  en  forest  por  cliacier  el  Jltritr," 

Lt  Roman  de  (rirard  dc  Vuiine^  MS. : — 
"  Et  la  forest  ou  li  Kois  dut  Birier" 
And  be  renders  Bersa;^  "  crates  viminifB,  seu  sepes 
ex  palis  vel  r.imis  gmndioribus  contexta?,  quibua 
silvte,  vel  parci  undi<|ue  incinguntur,  ut  millus 
cervis,  ctieterisqae  feris  ud  egressum  patent  aditug. 
Chart  a  laudata  a  Spelmanno  :  Intra  Bersns  /a- 
rahrj'  &c.  B.   S.   CllARNOCK. 



[5**  S.  V.  Jah.  15,  '76, 

Leases  for  99  OE  9!)9  Year?  (b^  S.  iv.  ^89, 
472.)^  venture  on  a  conjecture  that  these  have 
originated  in  lenses  fjranted  under  the  ])owers  of 
lamilj^  settlements.  Such  powers,  if  intended  to 
apply  to  mere  agriculturjd  leaaeii,  would  be  limited 
to  the  usual  term  of  21  year:?.  If  intended  for 
building  purposes,  on  terms  which  would  give  the 
builder  security  for  the  possession  by  himself  «vnd 
his  children,  with  a  prospect  of  reversion  to  the  | 
lei*3ors  family  at  a  period  not  too  remote  to  he 
contenjplated  aa  a  reality,  100  years  would  be  the 
natural  limit.  And  if  the  leasing  power  was  in- 
tended to  be  practically  unlimited,  it  would  be 
simpler  to  substitute  KMKJfor  1(M»  in  the  "common 
form,"  than  to  express  the  intention  in  other  wonis. 
When  the  conveyancer  came  to  act  on  these  powers, 
nice  questions  might  occur  to  lawyers,  such  as 
whether  a  leJvae  to  commence  from  a  future  day, 
fixed  upon  as  the  usual  rent-daj',  would  or  would 
not  be  a  lease  for  a  longer  period  than  was  au- 
thorized by  the  power,  and  might  induce  him,  ex 
ahumlante  cantcldj  to  reduce  the  term  to  990  years, 
rigbtlj'  considering  thnt  in  a  looo  years'  term  a 
year  more  or  less  was  of  no  practical  importance. 
The  same  considerations  in  a  less  degree  would 
account  for  the  substitution  of  a  99  years'  term 
for  1()«> ;  but  in  preparing  the  agricuTtuml  lease 
the  termination  of  it  would  be  too  much  in  the 
immediate  contemplation  of  the  parties  to  admit  of 
the  term  l)eing  curtailed  by  a  single  year.  Terms 
are  created  for  all  aorta  of  purposes  in  settlements ; 
and  when  they  are  for  the  purpose  of  securing]: 
jointures  or  life  annuities,  they  are  usually  for  lUO 
years,  and  if  for  securincj  sums  of  money  in  gross 
they  are  for  terms  of  500  or  hMK  2tHH>  or  30u0 
years,  arbitmrdy  chosen  for  no  other  purpose  than 
to  distinguish  them  from  one  another  xvhen  several 
teciDJl  are  created  by  the  same  deed  or  aubsist  in 
the  aame  family  title.  They  are  never  for  99  or 
999  years,  such  terms  being  invariably  confined  to 
buUding  leases.  J.  F.  M- 

"  Carpet  knight  "  (5"'  S.  iv.  428  ;  v.  15,)— 
The  distinction  is  (ptite  clear,  knighthood  of  the 
better  »ort  being  bestowed  on  the  field  of  battle, 
but  civic  knighthood— an  empty  compliment  to 
wealth,  fussiness,  or  political  servility— being  <:fiven 
with  tap  of  pointless  sword  on  the  courtier's 
shoulder  as  he  kneeled  on  the  carpet.  W.  3L 
Praed  devotes  one  of  his  sparkling  charades  or 
enigmas  to  Knighthood,  and  preserves  the  contrast, 
ending  thus  :— 

"  Such  things  hare  T&niahcd  like  n  drefttn ; 
The  monjErel  mob  gTow4  prouder  ; 
And  everythinK:  is  dore  by  iteam, 
And  men  are  kill'd  hv  powder  : 
lU.t,  KuiclitbooJ]  feel,  alaa  !  my  fame  decay  ; 

I  ifiTt"  unheeded  orders, 
And  rot  in  piUry  stute  away 
With  SLeritfs  and  Recorders." 

{Pomi,  ISei,  iL  395.) 

A   clever    satire,   "  Verses  upon  the  order  for 
making  Knights  of  such  persons  who  hud  46/,  /ht 
nnnvm  in  King  James  I.'s  time/'  from  Addit.  MS. 
No.  5,S32,  fol.  2j».\  Brit.  Museum,  will  be  found 
complete   in  the  Appendix  of  Notes  to   Oioyu 
Dfiilkryf  p.  SO't,  now  printed  and  almo.^t  ready  for 
publication.     Here  is  one  verse,  the  third  :~^ 
'*  Kniifhthood  in  old  time  was  counted  an  honotir, 
Which  the  be^t  ipiritta  did  not  diidftyne  ; 
But  now  it  is  u*'d  in  so  ba^e  a  manner, 

That  it  'a  noe  creditt,  hut  rather  a  etaine  : 
Tuih  it's  no<j  matter  what  people  doe  say. 
The  name  of  a  knight  a  whole  village  will  away." 

In  the  Laihj  of  iJu:  Lake  Roderick  taunts  Fi 
James  as  being  perhaps  a  **  carpet  knight,"  canto 
stanzn  14.  J.  W.  E. 

Molaah,  by  Ashford,  Kent. 

CAyoN  Law  (5"^  S.  iv.  51 2.) -Me,  Rcst  wiD 
find  an  answer  to  most  of  his  cjueries  in  part  i  of 
Fasting  Communionj  by  the  Rev.  H.  T.  Kingdon, 
JI,A.,  Lonj^joans,  1876,  and  also  reference*  to 
canonists,  which  will  enable  him  to  get  an  nn«tr*r 
to  the  remainder.  Mr,  Kin^^^don  heads  the  in 
thus,  How  Canon  Lav:  Bind^,  and  proeeoi 
show,  first  that  there  is  a  difference  between  ctin  a- : 
next,  how  canons  arc  binding;  and,  lastly,  ihyi 
disuaer  abrogates  canon  law, 

William  Cooke,  F.SLA. 

The  Hill  House,  Wimbledon. 

The  HuMMiNr,-Tor  (o^  S.  iv,  209,  254,  45' 
4f>«*.}^Thoiigh  the  reason  of  the  top  sheping  is» 
some  extent,  understood,  yet  that  piienomenon  \m 
never  been  accounted  for  by  strict  mathematical 
processes.  The  equations  of  motion  applicable  to 
the  case  have  not  been  found  to  yield  that  liiuir^: 
case  in  which  the  oscillation  of  the  axis  is  appi  : 
mately  juf.  It  surely  deserves  to  be  recorded, 
while  this  subject  is  on  the  tapiSf  that  the  probieiB 
of  the  sleeping  top  was  set  in  the  examination  for 
the  Smith  s  prize*  at  Cambridge  in  1845.  On  this 
occasion  it  is  said  Sir  William  Thomson  (who 
olitnined  the  first  prize)  did  not  attempt  the  ^Vh 
blem,  but  jwinted  out  to  one  of  the  examin* 
the  thing  could  not  be  done  in  the  manner 
by  them.  It  is  believed  that  Sir  Willi 
obtained  marks  for  lea\'infr  the  problem  alonfii' 
fMbat  amounts  to  the  same  thing)  his  oppon< 
Dr.  Parkinson,  lost  all  he  had  obtained  for  a 
tion,  which  thus  proved  to  be  delusive.    JaeI2. 

Athenajura  Club. 

Heraldic   (5*^  S.  v.  Q.)— Tlie  arms  inquii 
after  by  A.  E.  L,  L.  are  those  of  Ayahi ;  but  it 
strange  that  they  should  be  quarterly  1  and  4, 
Blount  2  and  3,    Sancha,   or  Sancia  de  Aj 
d.iugliter  of  Don  Biego  Goraei,  of  the  houM 
Toledo,  often  de.Hcrit)ed  a.-?   "Duke"  of  Tob 
married   Sir  John  Blount,  K.G,      CrQke*a 
work  on   the   Blount    family,  and   the   Sj 
pedigree  in   the  Heralds'  College,  give  ditter 




rtCCOnoU  of  tb«  Toledo  familv.  1  have  failed  my- 
self to   discorer    the    ^Tounds   upon   which    the 

I  ijtjmerc»Ti^  nnJ^ai!shed  descendants  of  Sir 

,  John    I  the  arms  of  C^astile.      Is 

A-  E.  L  ia  that  "Mountjoy"  ought 

not  to  I     -    i     Dste^vd  of  "  Mountfort "  in  the 

I  iKCouat  t  r  .i.t  -ijiiis  in  Middleton  Church  ? 

^L  C.  O.  H. 

^^Bbe  vnts  ia  rjneslion,  viz,^  Or,  a  tower  azure, 
^^ttfoe  of  tbe  quarteringB  of  the  ancient  .Spanish 
WtSlr  ot  Avahk,  :ind  were  brought  into  the  Bloimt 
I  c«t  DT  the*  marriiige  of  Sir  Walter  Elount  with 
DonA  S&Dcha  de  Ayida  (see  Crt^ke's  Ilisti^y  of  the 
I  Blounti,  n,  jk  173).  The  shield  in  ColcsMll 
I  Church  iniist  he  turned  the  wrong  way,  :is  the 
i  Blonnt  arms,  Barry  nebul«5e  of  six,  or  and  &ahle, 
i  should  no  donbt  be  in  the  1st  and  4th  quarters, 
^m  C.  J.  £. 

PRocisc  Lateatt  (5»  S.  iv.  513.)— Whether 
rLooiM  LAteau  (not  Latour)  niiU  continues  to  exhibit 
the  nine  ijinptoma  I  cannot  say^  but  until  October 
of  laat  year  (1875)  her  state  remained  uuiUtered. 
Tbe  taat  account  I  hare  seen  of  lier  in  Engknd 
▼liinthe  Brititk  Mfdical  Journal  for  Oct,  1875 
fqtiotediD  the  Timcs^  t!ict.  22),  in  which  extracts 
are  giren  from  a  letter  of  Dr.  H.  Boeos  of  Char- 
leroi,  which  inform  ua  that — 

•*  Duing  an  inir>c*a  which  litited  about  a  tnonth,  the 
'ttjfisatic'  bleediitg  stopped,  and  the  'ecstasies'  were 
replACcd  by  hj6tenc»]l  fainting*.  Afterwards,  the  former 
state  of  things  recurred.  M.  Boens.  who  bui  set  a  WAtch 
on  the  family,  declares  that  he  ii  ia  a  pDsition  to  affirca 
and  prove  that  Irouiee  Lateau  eats  and  dritike  copioustj, 
tad  perfomit  all  the  ordinary  fnnctians  of  Tiature.  He 
aiMli  tliat  *  ^be  frequently  rtibs  and  scratches  with  her 
m^ft.  lod  with  a  rough  cloth,  eq>ociatly  duringthe  ni^ht, 
ibc  piacei  where  the  blood.  (low» ;  and  keeps  up  on  these 
tp0l9,  CTCii  Biechaiiically  during  aleej].  prefture  with  her 
fitfera,  to  as  to  maintain  a  conottion  of  local  congestion. " 

She  is  n  Belgian,  Boi^  d'Haine  being  in  the 
diocese  of  Fournaia,  a  Walloon  district  of  Belgium, 
anoary,  1S75,  )*he  wa«  c>!Tercd  (see  the  Thncg, 
7)  30,n<KJ  fr.  **on  condition  of  subject- 
lielf  to  BUpervision  for  eipht  days,"  but  no 
was  tftk^n  of  the  offer.     Whether  now  she 
been  provtd  an  impostor  or  not  h  a  matter,  I 
it,  which  mU5t  be  left  to  the  estimation  of 
individuaL     Her  ciise  is  not,  however,  devoid 
terest,  inasmuch  ns  it  has  already  produced  a 
tore  of  its  own.     Here  are  tho  books  about 
which  hiiTe  so  far  appeared  ;— 
I  "I^ni^e  l/ateau.  fa  vie,  set  extases,  wf  itigmatet."' 
'    "  're.     LoaTain.  1>70.    Second  edit,  1S73. 
ijie  de  Louise  Lateau."    By  M,  Van  Looy. 

LatcAU,  la  ftiginatiice  de  Bois  d'Hftinet 
source*  authentiques,  mtdicales  et  tht'olo- 
Par  Ic  professeur  l>r.  A.  Rohltoig.    Bnixellea 

Lateau,  die  Stigmatisirte  von  Bois  d'Haine, 

Bondern  Ta^iichunj;-     I*ie  Berichte  des 

febrre,    Prof.    Rohling^   Paul  Majunke'«  uad 

Anderer  in    ihrer  HaltlosigVcit  dargelegt  ton  Dr.  B. 
Johnen. "    Ciiln  und  Leipzig.  1874. 

5.  "  Louise  Lateau. "  Eapport  Medical  sur  la  sti^iiia- 
ti»t'e  de  Boi*  d'Haine,  fait  a  I'acadetuie  royale  de  medecine 
de  Belgique,  kc,  pur  le  D'Kleur  Karlomont.  Bruxellea, 

6.  "  Louise  Lateau."  Discours  prononc^s  h  racademie 
royale  de  medecine  de  Belgique  dans  lea  s^ancei  du  'J9 
Mai  et  du  29  Juin,  1S75,  par  M.  le  t'octeur  Lefebrre,  ic., 
en  i^ponge  au  Rapport  3itdicaJ,  ic,     Bruxelles.  1S75. 

7.  "  Louise  Lateau  devout  la  phjaiologie  et  la  patbo- 
logic."    Par  le  Docteur  X  Crocq,  kc.    Bruxelles^  1875. 

8.  **  Maladies  et  faculteBdiversesdea  Mystiques.''  Par 
Ht.  le  Docteur  Charboonier,  kc.    Bruxelles,  1S75. 

9.  "  Science  et  Miracle.  Louise  Lateau,  ou  la  stijnna- 
tisce  beige."  Par  le  Doctenr  Bournerille,  kc.  Paris,  1875. 
With  a  portrait  of  the  heroine. 

10.  "  Louise  Lateau,  ou  lei  myett-rcs  de  Boii  tl'Haine 
dcvoilea"    Par  Hubert  Boina,  &c.     Brnxdie*,  1875. 

11.  ''Fin  de  la  com^die  de  Bois  d'Haine."  Par 
Hubert  Botfiu.     Bruxellcc,  1376. 

This  list  brings  the  publicationa  concerning 
Louise  Lateau  down  to  the  present  moment.  I 
doubt,  however,  whether  it  is  complete.  Some 
other  contributor  to  "  N.  &  Q.'^  may  perhaps  be 
able  to  make  it  perfect.  Arts. 

"  Do  UNTO  OTHERS,"  &e.  (5"^  S.  iv.  34a)— The 
"sneer"  and  iiuotation  from  leocmtes  will  be 
found  in  a  note  at  the  end  of  the  fifty-fourth  chapter 
of  the  Ikdine  and  Fall.  H.  B.  c\ 

[The  passage  runs  thus  :— "  A  Catholic  inquiMtor yields 
the  same  obedience  which  he  require?,  but  Calvin  vio- 
lated the  golden  rule  of  doing  aa  be  would  be  done  by ;  a 
rule  which  I  read  in  a  moral  treatise  of  Isocratea  (in 
XicoU,  torn.  i.  p.  y3,  edit.  Battle),  four  hundred  years 
before  ihe  publication  of  tlie  Go*peI,  *A  Tratrxoi'ttq  v^' 
*rfpwv  opyt^tff9i,  ravra  toiq  aWot^  pt]  Troinff."] 

The  Obugatioss  op  Executors  (5^  S.  iv. 
34£>.) — I  do  not  think  "it  is  Walker,  the  author  of 
The  Orif/inal^  who  raises  the  odd  question  whether 
a  man's  executors  are  not  bound  to  give  a  dinner- 
party for  him  if  he  dies  between  the  invitation  and 
date  of  the  bamiuet," 

If  Walker  did  raise  the  question,  it  was  only  at 
second-hand.  I  took  in  The  Oriijinal  as  it  c^me 
€utj  now  more  than  forty  years  ago,  and  ray  re- 
membnmce  of  the  idea  dates  from  before  that  time. 
I  feel  sure,  but  have  not  the  means  of  verifying  my 
strong  imcresaion,  that  Dr.  Kitchener  was  the 
author  of  tiie  remark,  not  as  raising  a  question,  but 
a5  laying  down  a  principle  which  ought  to  become 
a  law.  Ellcee. 


The  Die-sis  kerb  and  Artists  in  Medals 
OF  THE  Seventeenth  and  Eighteenth  Cen- 
turies IN  Grkat  Britain  (o'*"  S.  iv.  44B.) — All 
printed  accounts  of  these  medallists  are  very 
scjinty,  and  are  scattered  among  several  ditferent 
publications.  George  Vertue's  Life  and  Works  of 
Thomas  Simon^  the  greatest  of  these  artists,  is  very 
incomplete.  Much  new  information  has  been  dis- 
covered since  Vertue's  time^  1753.     Horace  Wal- 

pole's  Ajucdoks  of  Painting  and  Pinkerton's 
MeJaUie  Hutory  of  England  contain  several 
brief  notices  of  medallists.  The  Numismatic  Chro- 
nicle contains  some  vulnable  articles  on  Thomas 
Simon,  the  Eoettiers,  find  Croker  (see  the  general 
index  to  the  old  faeries;.  Consuit  aliso  the  Hev.  H. 
Rudin^a  Annals  of  the  Coinagt,  3rd  edit.,  3  vols. 
4to.,  1840.  Henry  W.  Henfret. 

Edmusd  S.  Pert  (kot  Perry),  M.P.  <5"^  S. 
iv.  450),  was  Speaker  of  the  Irish  House  of  Com- 
Eions  from  1771  to  1785,  when  he  was  niised  to 
the  Peerage  as  Viscount  Pery  of  Newtown  Pery, 
cow  Llnienck.  Thougb  twice  married,  ho  left  no 
male  i»ue,  and  the  title  became  extinct,  His 
yoanger  brother,  wlio  became  Bishop  of  Limerick 
in  I7ft4,  was  created  Btiron  Glentworth  of  Mallow 
in  17fM),  and  was  preat-great*gmndfather  of  the 
present  Earl  of  Limerick.  Abuba, 

EdiEond  Sexton  Pery  was  descended  from 
Edmund  Pery  of  Stackpole  Court,  co»  Clare,  by 
the  daughter  and  heircMS  of  Edmond  Sexton  of 
St.  Mary's  Abbey^  who  died  in  167L 

Edmund  S.  Pery  wji»  Iwm  in  1719,  Spesiker  in 
Ireland  from  1771  to  1785,  elevated  to  the  Peerage 
Dec.  30,  17S3,  as  Vi&count.  Pery  of  Newtown,  co. 
Limerick.  He  married  twice,  but,  leaving  only  two 
daughters,  his  honours  expired  at  his  death  in 
1806  (Lodge 'ft  Fctragc  of  Ireland;  Burke's  Pierage}. 

H.  M.  Vane. 

74,  Eaton  Place,  SAV, 

Skikelthorpb  (6*^  S.  iv.  450.)— W.  N.  had 
better  consult  (he  will  find  it  in  the  Unirersity 
Libmriea  at  Oxford  and  Cambridge,  nnd  at  the 
British  Museum)  a  work  on  geneaJogy,  with  a 
history  of  British  faniilv  names,  by  the  learned 
Eev.  W.  R.  Flett,  D.IX,  of  Sidney  Sussex  College, 
Cambridge.  He  Avill  almost  certainly  there  find 
infonualJOD  relative  to  the  above-mentioned  family 

A  friend  of  mine,  who  says  he  haa  heard  of  the 
name  of  Skikehhorpe  once,  many  years  ago,  thinks 
that  it  is  of  Saxon  and  German  origin  combined, 
and  that  at  some  former  time  it  was  spelt  and 
pronounced  Sknttle-thorpe.  Cousiss. 



Herbert  Family  (.'i'h  g.  iv.  487  ;  v.  18.)^May  I 
ask  permission  to  append  a  correction  to  ray  former 
paper  on  this  subject  ?  Colonel  Chester  haa  been 
ao  Kind  as  to  inform  me  that  Anne  Ttilbot,  Countess 
of  Pembroke,  was  buried  at  Erith,  Aug.  8,  158H. 
My  authority  was  Harl  MS.  597,  and  I  did  not 
know  that  there  was  reason  to  suspect  any  error  ; 
but  I  hope  Tyro  will  pardon  me  for  having  unwit- 
tmgly  misled  him.  Hbrhestrode. 

Atubilla  FiTZJAMEs  (5»*  S.  iv.  488  ;  v.  14.)— 
In  reply  to  Thui?,  who  deaires  to  know  how  the 

pfiper  bearing  this  signature  came  into  njy  pos- 
session^ I  have  to  inform  him  that  it  was  one  of  a 
large  and  TaJuable    series  of  papers  (principidly 
cheij^ues  upon  Sir  Francis  Child,  the  well-knowy 
banker,  which  were  stored  in  the  upper  room  o\ 
Temple  Bar),  which  I  have  had  the  plejisure 
looking  through  and  sorting.     I  shall  be  happy 
ahow  them  to  Thus.         F.  G.  Hilton  Price. 
Temple  Bar. 

The  Charterhouse  (5*  S.  v.  27.) — Beavor 
obviously  a  variant  spelling  of  Btver^  drink,  wl 
is  still  in  use  at  Eton  .is  the  name  of  an  afterD( 
provision  of  bread  and  beer,  set  out  in  Hall  daril 
the  greater  part  of  the  suamier  half.  The  djiir  i 
which  this  begins  ia  called  Bever  D:iy.       F.  F. 

WiLL-o'-TnE-Wisp  (5'*'  S.  iv.  209,  235.)  — 
the  night  befobe  the  day  on  which  I   read 
Peacock's  communication  on  this  subject  I 
at  Kiyoto,  the  ancient  capital  of  Japan,  six 
seven  *' coipae  lights"  over  an  old  cemetery  on  I 
hill.    They  flickered,  but  did  not  change  plaoe. 

'^Nrss"   (5^  S.   iv.    265):    to    Lamm 
Beat  (S***  S.  iii.  384,  416  ;  iv.  276.)— These 
are  Irish,  t.f.,  jV^m,  Laimn.    Nesjf  signifies  deat 
and  the  word  J.?  signifies  a  waterfall  or 
and  is  met  in  many  combinations  of  Irish  namea 
plnces.  For  instance,  Askeaton  (a  town  in  the  cpui 
of  Limerick,  formerly  of  some  importanee  as  hai 
returned  a  member  to  the  Irish  House  of  Conmi< 
and  as  having  been  in  more  remote  times  one 
the  principal  seats  and  castles  of  tJie  Geroldine^^ 
in  the  province  of  Munster)  represents  three  words : 
At,  a  waterfall  or  cascade  ;  cacd,  a  hundred  ;  idni^, 
fire=lbe   waterfall  of  the   hundred   fires.      The 
river  Deel  here  falls   over  a   series  of  lim< 
rocks  ;  and  there  is  a  very  fine  salmon  leap, 
tradition  as  to  the  hundred  llirea  is  lost  in  remc 
obscurity.     Lamm-  b  no  other  than  the  Irish  wc 
La'mhf  a  hand.     Luchd  Lfimhaigh  were  the  boi 
men  and  slingera  of  ancient  and  media-val  tim< 
and   the  phrsise   ia  now  applied   to   shootei 
fowlers,  &c.    La'mhach  is  a  casting  with  the 
and,  according  to  O'Brien  {DicL^  fo.,  Paris 
p.  316),  •*  it  is  now  the  word  used  by  the  Irish 
shooting."    LamTti-jiife  is.  simply  a  rough  haut 
sometimes  called  La7nm-hastijfg  or  hand-beatii 
Lamm-pye  iscomposc*!  of  two  IriHb  words  :  La'mh 
the  hand,  and  pighe=^o.  pie.    **  He  haa  got  lamb  ai 
salad  "  is  a  phrase  that  is  sometimes  heard  amoi 
persons  who  describe  an  individual  that  has 
severe    chastisement.      The    word    La'mh=hi 
gives  force  and  meaning  to   these  phrases, 
act  indicated  is  done  by  or  with  the  hand, 
Lamm,     The  English   word   lavish   comes 
La'mh^  the  hand,  as  does  dutch  from  the 
word  Cluthughadh^  to  grasp.     In  the  last  line 
the  following  passage  from  Shakspearo  we  hav© 



Iiiah  word,  wtidi  is  common  to  tbw  day  in  the 
moutk^  of  the  people  of  this  countn^  :— 
*'  The  elements 

Of  wbcm  jtm  tirord  is  tcnj]>«red  m»y  as  well 

Woand  the  lood  vindj,  or  with  bemocked-a.t  ataba 

Kill  tbt!  tttll  docnig  Wfttcrs,  as  dimioiflU 

One  dowt<  ttel'i  in  my  plurae/* 

"Bowte*^  »  none  other  than  dita^,  a  "strike"  of 
flax,  or  ftith  portion  of  Hux  as  may  be  taken  be- 
tweto  t^e  fingers.  It  may  hare  been  applied  to 
ti»  bsmd  or  tie  of  the  plume,  or  to  a  portion  of  the 
plttnM  jtodi 

Witb  regsurd  to  the  word  A&^  I  may  add 
thai  l>ttiMiit,  or.  in  English^  the  waterfall  by  the 
fort,  \SL  on«  of  the  most  remiirkablo  and  beainiful 
of  the  ca>-nrlir«.  or  falls  on  the  river  Shannon.  The 
luuius  i«  ftom  i>un=a  fort  ;  as  a  waterfall 

it  haft  H  rated  in  several  works  on  Ireliind 

(»ee  Hali\s  Ireland,  Brewer's  Bcautia  of  Irdand^ 
Bftrtktt's  Fictortal  Ireland,  &c.).  There  is  the 
ruin  of  a  majs&ive  fort  or  dnn  towering  high  above 
the  fiill*,  »8  the  waters  tumble  and  roar,  in  mimic 
Kiag:u'a*Ca&hion,  over  rocks,  &c.,  at  this  place.  I 
ooDmstaLite  Dr.  Charles  Mackay  on  hb  labours 
is  the  Atfutiffum  in  the  yood  work  in  which  he  is 
capgdd — ^of  pointing  out  the  many  EritiBh  and 
Inali  word^  in  the  English  hmguage  as  they  were 
writUn  by  Shaksi)eare  and  some  of  bis  contem- 
porvtes,  and  of  which  even  Dr.  Johnson  was 
igooTftnt.  A  knowledge  of  international  etymology 
wm\d  prove  of  use  in  ereiy  way. 

Maurice  Lentha^,  M.R.I.A. 

Hott!?GABTe  (5»^  S.  iv.  207,  378.)— I  think  thiji 
word  iSL  quite  distinct  from  Hom-gddt,  As  the 
Utt«  ojetins  iKTini  vtoneyj  and  is  an  abbreviation 
of  Ux  or  money  payable  on  homed  animale,  so 
HoTH-gitTth  means  horn  atclottife,  a  guarded  or 
wiicIosM  plac^  in  which  homed  animals  are  kept. 
(hrtJL  is  a-n  old  North-con ntrj'  word,  which  in  law 
dittiuaaries,  such  aa  those  of  Blount  and  Cowel,  is 
deftDod  :i5  a  fenced  yard,  backside,  or  close.  The 
w«fd  ^(irth  was  abo  used  to  describe  a  water  fence 
nr  enclasure  which  retaineii  fish  ;  thus  a  weir  was 
kruicd  a  water-garth,  and  the  man  in  charge  of  a 
t«r  is  called  in  statutes  of  Eic.  11.  a  Garths-man, 
Edward  Sollt. 

The  Objgik^  and  Stwbolism  or  the  Caiidi- 
m'8  Red  Hat  (5«»  S,  iii.  64,  233,  278,  456  ;  iv. 
337,)— I  can  hardly  hope  to  alter  the  present  ntti- 
tede  (p.  337)  of  Mr,  Tew  towards  the  work  of 
Pietto  GUnnone,  but  I  shall  venture  to  offer  the 
naden  of  **N,  &  Q,"  both  some  means  of  testing 
lutralueas  nn  histormn,  and  some  independent 
IcitiiDostes  to  the  accuracy  of  his  statement  re- 
fftt^g  the  origin  and  Bymbolism  of  the  colour 
<i  tbe  Cardinars  bat.  First,  as  to  Giannone'a 
•ntkftrily  ;  it  may  be  suflficient  to  refer  Mr.  Tew 
lo  Hallam's  Middk  AqcJj  where  he  will  find  the 

litOTvi  CirlU  dl  Napoli  nuoted  along  with  Sb- 
mondi'a  HuiQirc  dea  liipubiiqucs  Italicnnes.  Mr. 
Stubbs  also  <iuote9  Giannone  in  the  now  volume 
of  hi.-*  Constitutional  History,  Secondly,  as  to 
the  attribution  of  the  red  hat  to  Pop«  Innocent  IV., 
and  the  precise  date  and  significance  of  the  gift, 
I  will  offer  Mr.  Tew  concurrent  lines  of  testimony 
from  English  and  foreign  writers  of  the  present 
day,  based  upon  mediaeval  authority. 

Mr.  T,  L.  Kington  (now  Oliphant),  in  his  IJu- 
tory  of  FredericI:  11.^  Emperor  of  the  Romans, 
vol  ii.  p.  3^8  (Macmillan,  1862),  in  describing  the 
firat  Council  of  Lyons  (1245),  suiy.s:  •'  At  thia  council 
it  wai^  first  decreed  that  the  members  of  tbe  college 
should  wear  red  hats^  in  token  of  their  willingness 
to  fihed  their  blood  for  the  Church."  For  tho 
authority  on  which  this  atatement  ia  b;ised  Mr. 
Kington-Oliphant  refers  to  **  De  Curbio,"  i,  e, 
Nicholas  of  Corby,  an  English  friar,  chaplain  and 
biographer  of  Innocent  IV.  This  is  absolutely 
contemporary  evidence,  and  upon  it,  nn  doubt,  is 
based  the  similar  account  given  by  if.  De  Cherrier, 
the  learned  French  historian  of  the  struirgle  be- 
tween the  Pope.^  and  the  Emnerors  of  the  House  of 
Hohenstaufen  {Histoire  di  la  Lutte  dcs  Papes  tt 
diA  Empercurs  de  la  Mais&n  de  SmiabCj  par  0.  Be 
Cherrier,  Paris,  4  voIs.»  1841),  vol.  iii.  pp.  13S-9  : 

"  A  droits,  dans  la  net,  les  c»rdinaux-6Tt'ques  occu- 
pftient  lo  premier  rang  ;  puis  Tenatent  les  prttres  et  le« 
diacres :  touA  yortaient  Ja  barrette  roupre,  qu'on  leur 
aTAit  dotin^e  tout  receiutmeDt  comme  un  attribut  de  Icur 
dignitc  cminente.  On  avnit  fait  choix  dc  cette  coulftur, 
afin  d©  timoigner  que  cliQcun  d'eux  t'tait  pret  Hl  Terser 
ion  sang  pour  la  dtfenie  de  rj*;gli8e/' 

It  will  be  observed  that  while  Mr.  Kiogton-OH- 
phant's  words  imply  that  the  red  hat  was  decreed 
i>j  the  Council,  of  which  Mr,  Tew  cannot  find  any 
trace  in  Harduin,  the  language  of  M.  De  Cherrier 
only  asserts  that  a  hat  or  cap  (Barretle,  Blretta)  of 
that  colour  was  then  first  publicly  worn,  while  the 
symbolism  is  explained  in  the  same  manner  by 
both  writera.  C  H.  E,  Cabmichael. 

"  LuKCHEOX^'  (5«»  S,  IT.  366,  398,  43^4,  524.)— 
Very  often  have  I  taken  **  las  once "  (5*^  S.  iv. 
3!>8)  in  Spain,  and  heard  it  spoken  of  there  and 
elsewhere  ;  but  never  did  I  hear  the  second  word 
pronounced  on-che.  One/,  whether  it  means  the 
number  eleven,  or,  as  las  onct\  eleven  o'clock,  and 
the  luncheon  taken  at  that  hour,  is  pronounced 
Hn^tM  in  Uastilian,  or  im-sc  in  Southern  and 
Amorican  Spanish. 

Sometimes,  by  way  of  jest,  las  once  h  said  to 
take  its  name  from  tbe  eleven  letters  of  aguardiente 
(=  brandy),  and  to  mean  a  draiti, 

Henry  H.  Gibbs. 

St.  DunstanV,  Regent's  Park. 

Lord  Lytton's  "King  Arthttr"  (5^  S.  iv. 
148,  192,)— Mr.  Chas.  Kent  has  alluded  to  some 
of  the  clever  sketches  of  contemporaries  contained 




in  thia  work  flu  *'  not  unwisely  eliruinated  from  the 
later  editions.''    I  oianot  see  the  wisdom  of  such 
eli  mi  nation.     The    portraits    are    in    themselves 
strikiD^'ly  clever  ;  and  in  mv  poor  judj^meut  are 
C[nite  defensible.     It  i»  true*  tlint  the  satire  con- 
tained in  some  of  them  m  pungent  enough  ;  but 
then   it  is  polished,  and  refers   not   to  private 
cbanicier,  but  to  the  characters  of  the  personage® 
aa  thev  appeared  to  the  public,  and^  in  most  aiBes, 
may  be  taken  to  imply  a  justifiable  moral  rebuke. 
I  tn;jst,  therefore,  that  they  will  be  presen-ed.     It 
may  not  be  an  interesting,  lookiop  at  this  same 
process  of  elimination,  if  a  list  of  the  portraita 
contained  in  the  early  edition  which  I  read  be 
giFen  in  "  N.  &  Q."     Those  which  I  e^isily  recog- 
nized were  I^ui^  Philippe,  Guizot^  th^  late  £arl 
of  Durham,  Earl  Kuseell  (then  Lord  John),  the 
Bishop  of  Exeter  (Philpotts),  Duke  of  Wellington^ 
Lord  P^lmerston,  Macaulay,  and  Disraeli.      One 
other  rather  puzzled  me  at  the  time,  ^ind  I  nifty 
l>e  wrong  now  in  fancying  it  to  be  the  "  Rupert  of 
debate,"  the  late  Earl  of  Berby.     But  perhaj)9 
Mr.  Kekt  will  give  his  valuable  opinion  on  this 
{I  have  not  seen  the  eliminated  etlitioas)  :^ 
*'  £ut,  like  the  rigour  of  &  Celtic  Ktream, 
C{)m«3  LrQbd^i  rush  of  manly  fen*e  alonp, 
Freil)  iKith  tbe  ipurklei  of  a  Le&Itbful  beaiD, 
And  quick  with  im|»ulso  like  a  poet's  sonif. 
How  liit  ning  croirdi  tUat  knigbtlj  Toice  dclightv, 
If  from  the  crowd  are  bfttiiali'd  all  but  knighti ! " 

M,  H.  E. 

iLFRACOMnE  (5^  S.  iii-  449  ;  iv^  31,  213,  256.) 
— Perhaps  the  epitaph  of  the  wife  of  Eev.  Leonard 
Prince  would  be  acceptable  in  connexion  with  this 
place.  The  tablet  from  which  I  copied  it  is  bow 
in  the  north  chimcel  aideof  Tombe  Church:— 

•*  In  memoriflm    Elfzabetlicii!  filiae  Jiilmnnis  Gougli  € 
eomltatu    SoineKettftisia    Aniiigeri    cnnju^ia    Lcoiinrdi 
Frincfl  huius  eeelesiio  p».BtiDris  qiire  oliiit  -5*  ~^'*  Ai\o 
Doiaaim  1655^    ^Etatii  Etife  37. 
tiuftlij  emt  quaoruB  ?    Kptruv  eognoicito  Lector^ 

yioo^tii*  uix  citpiint,  marmora,  talis  emt 
E  m«ljore  luto  pea*  lianc  SaturafjuQ  firixit, 

Quippe  Dei  Veri  yera  ei  ammitii  aiuang; 
Corpora  sic  fiierAt,  «ic  tiiente  bic  uiidinue  pukhra, 

Eifulgens  doiiii  (ut  puto)  nemo  inngia. 
Corpui,  terra  tegit,  Ca*li  mc-ns  sede  i|uieseit, 

Quod  tity  mani?s  erat,  Vfc  uiihi  funug  ent, 
Quse  Ecribo  niJ  eunt  luctum  t^etjuitia  ;  non  eit 

Est  quoaiam  did  non  licet  augit  ernt. 

Parce  miki  Lictor^  camemque  redargue  multum, 
C  um  Icuit  loquitur  qux  j^uia  ilia  t tupet     L.  P. 
Nome&>  El  chart 
Anag.  /  puatibeei." 

T,  F.  R. 

TftsiSWARE  (o'^  S.  iv.  308,  33L)— The  folbw- 
itig  quotation  clearly  ^bows  the  mejimng  in  the 
sixteenth  century  :^ 

"Wban  lid  touclieth  an  ertben  «He1I,  it  ihtdl  bt 
broken;  but  tbe  trtoi  TenieU  »ha]l  be  reused  with 
water. '— Coverdftle'a  translation  of  LeTiticua  it.  12. 

Coverdide  alao  ii?ea  tre  where  onr  Authoriiied 
Version  u^e^  *'wood";  in  Gen.  vi  14,  **>faki 
the  an  Arke  of  Pyne  trc.'*  So,  in  Exod.  xxx.  10, 
26,  **  Make  an  Arke  of  Fyrre  Ire  " ;  '*  foare  pilers  ol 
Fyrre  trc^ ;  and  in  eh-  xxvii.  1,  "  an  Altare  of  Fine 
fr<.''  But  the  word  krratc  was  used  for  terrestiial, 
earthly,  as  in  Hooker's  Ecclesiastical  Pcliiy^  bk.  t. 
cb.  xxxiv,,  "  Urratc  powers.'  Thia  might  have  heen 
pronounced  trfetK  PutieDhata,  in  his  J.r*e  of  En§liA 
Fomtt  hho  speaks  of  "  ttrrau  and  base  goda," 
i.  3tii.,  and  *^  terrene  justice,"  ii.  xi.  (Arber's  ed.). 
In  the  HoiiiUy  on,  the  i^^-ramml  we  vead  of 
"  terrene  and  earthly  creatures/*  W.  P. 

Foftflt  Hill. 

Monumental  lyscRirnoNS  itr  Noejia5- 
Frew'ch  (5«»»  S.  iv.  449.)— Mb.  Boask  will  find 
many  instances  of  Norman-French  iQicriptions  in 
Haines's  Manual  of  Momimtniat  BrasMes,  Catti'i 
Incised  Slahs^  and  BoutelFs  {l\Tisfian  Monu- 
ments, It  is  surely  very  exceptional  to  find,  not 
only  Norman-French,  but  any  ingcnptiDns  oo 
monuments,  earlier  than  the  thirteenth  oentozy. 
A  considerable  nutuber  of  the  thirteenth  ce^nt^i 
bvit  still  more  I  fancy  of  the  fourteenth  centaif, 
inscriptions  were  in  Korman- French,  which  wm 
the  language  of  the  Court,  This  toDgae  «ii 
chiefly  atlected  by  knights  and  ladtes^  whilat  priiiti 
were,  for  the  most  part,  heid  in  memory  in  cancoi- 
cal  Latin. 

I  have  looked  throitgh  the  pages  of  Weerfrt 
Funereal  Monuments^  and  find  trie  following  niUB- 
ber  of  inscriptions  in  Kon nan- French  :  diocese  of 
Canterbury,  two  without  date,  and  four  of  the 
years  1»75,  13T6,  14iXt,  1407,  refipectively ;  dio- 
cese of  Rochester,  four  without  datt,  and  one  of 
each  of  the  years  1354,  1300,  1S67,  1309,  13A 
1385,  1392,  14f>7  ;  diocese  of  London,  ei^t  wilt 
out  date,  two  of  137^%  two  of  14W,  ana  one  d 
each  of  the  years  1221,  1350,  1362,  1371, 1380, 
139C,  1309,  1414  ;  diocese  of  Norwich,  foux  with- 
out date,  and  one  of  the  yenr  1373. 

There  is  onlv  one  monument,  to  my  knowledge 
in  the  hundred  of  Scars<!ale,  in  this  county,  having 
ft  Xoinmn -French  inscription,  and  that  i»  in  d» 
church  of  Barlow.  It  is  to  the  nienjory  of  Julii, 
the  wife  of  Adam  Fmunceis,  but  the  inscription  vi 
imperfect  and  without  a  date.  I  take  it,  howerir, 
to  be  of  the  third  cpzRrter  of  the  thirteenth  cen- 
tury, J,  CaARL£3  Cos. 

CkeTin  House,  Belper. 

The  Rev.  Samuel  Ha j man,  in  his  pnblithed  to- 
count  of  the  antiquities  of  YoughaU  oo,  Cork,  giftf 
three  of  these  iascriptions  from  ancient  monntBentt 
there.  They  are  all  rather  incomplete,  owing  » 
the  monuments  being  defacsed.  One,  which  coui- 
niences  *'  Alathev  ;  le  :  >nercer  :  git  :  yci  : "  coof 
meiuoTates  Matthew  Le  Meioer,  who  wa»  coUeder 
of  customs  at  Youghal,  and  appeus  to  hiw  died 
there  about  the  clos«  of  the  thirteenth  orhegiiuiiof 




<jf  the  fcmrtAenth  e*»nttirT.     Mr.  Hayman  i^uotes 
tbe  mr  ^      '    Exchequer  of  the  31st 

to  iht  rJ  I.»  in  which  there  ia 

»ti  cn«  lo  :>ianiniis  de  Coumbe,  the  suc- 

ceftj^oi  er  in  the  office  of  collector, 

\V,  H.  Patterson* 


JTOTES  0^'  BOOKS,  kc. 

Cktidimm  PgyeJL^r^^:    tk^  S'>ut  ond  0*';  Bt>*Jy  in  ihtir 

Cvmiatiom  and  t'onirajt.    Being  a  New  Trunvlatinn  of 

8w«d<oborg'i  Trttotate,  *'  I>a  Commercio  Animate  et 

Corpori*.  *c..    LondijiU  17t3U.**     With    Preface   and 

liruiiratife  Xutev  bj  T.  M-  Gonutn,  .M.A.,  Hertford 

C')lWffv»  Oxford,  flonif?  timo  Curate  of  i^t.  Mary  Abbotts, 

K  cuiiti  t^t'^  u  -     I  Longmai  j  *  A:  Co  J 

H^.    r.  .  1   .    --..iv.a  bound  to  confcgi  that  rtc  have  but 

■c  e,  in  prouoruoii  to  tJieir  dimensiontp 

w..  philoiophtcal  pe«earcb€8  of  Sweden* 

bf'r^       I  r:  Lfefore,  the  Tractate,  of  irhicb  the 

t^ftI-•^'l  11  t  '■    -   f  -'    t  .  tlu«  boak,  i-s  to  us— we  hope 

wc  I.  It  vUti  ut  ahante— by  no  means  easy  of 

u  ion.     The  Apnetidix.  whicb  fomif  the  bulk 

i^'.  \  i«  filled  witli  eitracta  from  physical  and 

v«vj]i  "     V   are  designed  to  illuatiTite 

ABd  fU;  y^'i  positions,  or  to  exhibit 

ihetbn  rial  science  aa  tnnsoended 

hy  hit  •wfing  mtr«i]Ucc. 

A  jperoMil  of  this  Appeodix  »boald  be  rafficieni.  we 
l^^i-.t. -;„.,„  .  „..  ^  j,g  ,,|j^^  jjnj  j,(j|.  already  attained 

CO  il  acquaintance  with  the  litem- 

tu  lo  inicrutable  nature  of  the  ever- 

I.-  -  iiil  and  body  and  of  the  unseen  world. 

iVBoeer  at  the  shadows  and  fallacies 
V  human  reasonings,  but  on  this,  n«  on 

»!  vliereare  we  to  select  our  guides  if  not 

f  T  who  employ  thc>e  despised  wraponal 

R      :  M  above  rcAson,  and  affords  im  litchts 

whi.  .1  c  1  nitellect*  could  never  attain.  Sweden* 
h"T .  isim  to  privileges  of  insight  which  are 

l<  few  whom  Dirine  Providence 

i^  '-■i  b^  meana  of  which  we  obtain 

|t^  'I  that  IB  beyond  our  senses^     It  ia 

f  to  reject  hia  and  similar  c la imj* ;  but 

t:  tiont  of  those  who  make  the  claims  in 

c  .iL  the  theoriea  of  thoee  who  build  upon 

XI  -an  buman  observation  xs  unfair  to  tbe  one, 

^i,^  -A T>-    ry  to  the  claims  of  the  other  class  of  in- 

fonoante.  I  r  we  believe  that  to  Swedenborg  was  accorded 
%  Ti«w  of  heaven  and  hell,  his  revelations  supersede  and 
ItaderttnntOftiaryaU  mere  human  conjectures  rcgardint; 
iW  qilHtoat  world.  If.  on  tbe  other  hand,  we  place  his 
tm'Tiiutx*  (ti  the  subject  of  this  Tractate  to  the  account 
f^'  ling  long  over  tbe  qucfitions  that  enchained 

ii-  "*  can  Mt  bim  in  no  higher  rank  than  that 

^*iut  e  reiuft  of  whose  Ubours, 

fal  tfcf  '  1  by  him,  the  Appendix  to 


]|r«  *  <'  opifiiou  that  Swedcnborg'a  philo- 

•eeliicui  vras  brought  out  by  a  special  Pivino 

CI?'      ^  !>  be  correct .  diatritiei  against  unAided 

c  -  and  theories  are  sit  eopei^uoas  as 


7  ttion    Of    Gttat  i'tum^w/A*  itith  Oorlafou 

'i*n      Bv  Ohurle*  Jnbn  Pntmer,  F.S.A.,  He. 

[m^  ".in 

Vr  11  to  speak  in  terui« 

m  ".Timer's  well-directed 

IlKouns  la  imi  tuUr  m  lorut  wurih^  «f  tbe  aocteut  «o4 

interesting  town  of  which  he  is  a  native,  the  result  of 
the  many  years  which  he  has  devoted  to  tbe  study  of  ita 
records  and  htatorv.  On  the  appearance  of  the  first 
volume,  in  May.  Ii572,  we  spoke  of  it  {i'^  S.  \x  437)  ae  a 
luciil  history  of  which  the  author's  fellow  townsmen 
might  well  b<^  and  ought  to  he  proud.  The  second 
volume  fully  justified  that  eulogium;  and  now  tlrnt 
Mr.  Palmer  hta  brought  his  labour  of  love  to  a  close  hy 
the  publication  of  a  third  volume,  as  rich  in  literary 
interest  and  os  profusely  illustrated,  and  made  especially 
availnble  by  very  complete  Indices,  we  offer  him  our 
hearty  congratulutions  on  the  success  of  hh  hibouri,  and 
our  teat  wishes  that  he  m»y  long  be  spired  to  enjoy 
the  reputation  which  must  ever  attach  t )  (h«  tiuthorohip 
of  Thf  PfrlmtrtUion  of  Great  VarniOMth, 

The  DitcTipaneiti   of  Fretnwson^Ti/  txaninrH  durina  a 

Witt't  Un4*ip  mih  thf  latt  <fltf>raUd  Lfxtfktr  GUkti^ 

find  other   emin<nf    Mosom,  on  fttndr*/   ttfucure  and 

Dfj^tiiU    Pastaga    i«    the    ordinary   tftdfte  Lectnrtt, 

nrhick,  althouffkopen,  Qvettionj  in  Orand  Lodfje,  ronsti- 

tuU  n  Source  of  Ihutt  and  PerpitxUi/  ta  tlt«  Cfajt. 

By  the  Rev.  O.  6Uver»  l*D.  With  numerous  Diagraiua. 

(Uo>rp  k  Co.) 

This  title-pa^e  so  fully  explains  the  nature  and  object  of 

this  valuable  work,  we  need  only  add  that  a  good  deal  of 

ftmu^enicnt  it  mixed  up  with  the  instructioD,  and  much 

ptayfulnesj  with  profound  learning. 

Thi  AriHcAaUd  BooH'  of  Common.  Prauer,  furming  a  Con- 
cite  Commentary  on  the  Devotwfujj  SvBtemof  tht  Church 
0/  Enffl<tnd.  By  the  Rev.  J.  H.  filunt,  M.A.,  F.S.A, 
Compendious  Edition.  (Rivingtons.) 
So  much  has  already  been  said  in  commendiition  of  this 
most  useful  work  of  Mr.  Blunt's  that  it  only  remains  for 
us  to  thank  him  for  having  now  placed  it  within  reach 
of  the  many.  We  command  to  our  readers'  attention 
Mr.  Blunt's  note  on  the  Tt  Diwm,  as  *'  thm  most  vene- 
rable hymn  *  haa  lately  been  a  subject  of  discuasion  in 
these  column^.  How  many  church-goers  are  aware  of 
the  fact  that  the  Jubilate  was  interted  originally  as  a 
substitute  for  the  Ber^cdictuSf  when  the  latter  occurred 
in  the  Lesson  or  Oospel?  Mr.  Blunt  writes;— "The 
days  on  which  it  (the  Jubitatf)  should  be  us^-d  are  there- 
fore the  fr)llowirii; — Fah,  \^^  June  17,  June  -4  <3L  John 
Baptist's  Day),  Oct  15.  The  general  e.ubstitution  of  the 
Jubilate  for  the  Btnedictus  ia  Very  much  to  be  depre- 

Tfi€  y^fic  Qtfartxjli/ Miig<uine,    Januarv,  1S76.    (Ward* 

Lock  i£  Tyler) 
Tbe  only  chanize  made  in  this  popular  periodical  con> 
siste  in  an  increase  of  matter,  and,  as  a  new  and  special 
featiire,  a  review  of  the  literature  of  the  precedini; 
quarter  This  is  rather  alashingly  done  ;  bnt  if  tbe  new 
censor  i^  severe,  be  also  haa  the  sense  of  faimen  which 
leads  him  to  quote  the  various  judgments  of  other  critics 
on  the  same  work.  This  is  both  novel  and  good.  The 
whole  number  i«i  fuU  of  interest  tr>  the  scholar  as  well  aa 
to  th.   .  '       nler.     Miss  Cobbe  and  Miss  Constitnce 

Rotli-  nish  themMlves  amon^  the  ladies ;  and 

Mr.  M  ilir.s  haa  a  eamtfil  goeaipin^  article  on 

almanac>,  A  paper  on  .^uchylus  and  Victor  Hugo, 
signed  R.  B.,  should  be  read  in  conjunction  with  as 
eaaay  on  the  former  poet  in  the  Comhitl  Ma*fatiht, 

ly  Time  and  Time-Tejlert  (Hardwicke)  Mr.  Ben«oo 
has  ^ven  a  very  interesting  account  of  that  manafacturi3 
with  which  his  name  is  so  intimately  aesoeiated  ;  but,  as 
modem  wc>rkman*hip  is  included  in  hi«  general  survey, 
we  mr>y  be  jmrdoned  for  remarking  on  the  absence  of  all 
nicntiifii  of  tbo  great  clock  at  W^e^tminster.  Mr,  Ben*on 
tell*  us  that  it  is  rumouTed  that  St.  James's  Palace  cbick. 
is  shortly  to  be  remored  to  i^x^  ^cl^^\^x  '!&A^!.!i&&.iy3>^ 



Jan.  15,  7G, 

>rmeura.  May  ire  tentarc  t^*  exprcsfl  »  hope  Ibmt,  for 
the  »ake  of  venerable  Bfl»ociationi,  the  fomiltar  o)4  dlala 
and  chimes  nifty  remain  untouched  1 

AUIUOKS  A«I»  QCOTATIONS  Waated  (5^''  S.  ▼.  19.)— 

**  Sitting  by  Ihfr  poisoned/'  kc. 
In  reply  to  T.  W,  C,  the  auihor  ii»ked  for  i*,I  belierc, 
Siegfried  Mahloiann.     Tlic  foJluwing  Is  »  tnuuktion,  by 
«t  ><»ung  lady,  of  the  «tanzii  of  which  the  lines  quoted 
form  part  :— 

*•  When  the  gloom  i*  deepest  round  thee, 
When  the  bond«  of  grief  harq  bound  thee. 
And  in  lotielinew  and  sorrow 

By  the  poisoned  *pringt  of  Ufe 
Thou  sittc5t»  yeurning  for  a  morrow 
That  will  free  thee  from  tlic  atrife/' 
If  flic  remaining  ^tanzaj  arc  desired,  they  will  he  found 
in  Mr*,  Oore'a  novel,  Pars  and  Parvenu*. 
"  If  HeaTcn  bo  pleased,"  SiO. 
The  Unea  quoted  by  A»  C.  O.  have  hoen  applied  to 
other  pertatie  besides  Bonner.     It  is  recorded  that  on  x 
ivindow  at  the  inn  at  Aust  Passage,  near  Bristol,  \tas 
written  the  fullowinff:— 

"On  John  StokcB,  Altomey-at-Law^in  New  Inn,  London, 
If  Heaven  he  plca^i'd  when  Sinners  cease  to  Sin, 
If  Hell  be  pleai'd  when  all  the  Damn'd  are  in, 
If  Earth  bo  plens'd  when  ridden  of  a  Knare, 
All  must  be  plees'd  when  Stokes  U  in  his  OraTc." 

W.    DlLKE. 


'*  So  Doar,  BO  yery  near  to  God,"  &c. 
Thit  i«  one  Tcrae  of  a  hymn  by  C,  Paget,  which  com- 
mencei,  '*  A  mitid  at  perfect  peace  with  God.'  Lat- 
CAiTMA  will  find  itaa  No.  7  in  tlie  London  Ilvmn  Bool\ 
cr  No.  2l7  in  the  Presbyterian  CoMcction.  I  fail  to 
discover  it  in  other  hymn  books  of  which  I  have  copies, 
Aud  they  ftre  not  few.  Hfaa e.^tbcde. 

**TflB  LATK  ET>MFjr»  LlHTHALl.  SWTFTB,  EsQ."  (I.  L.  S. 
wriUs),  *•  wasthoyounffer  eon  tf  Theophilus  Swifte.  E^q., 
«f  Goodrich,  Herefordshire, and  grandson  of  DcfiaeSttifte, 
Esq.,  of  Worcester,  and  Ca^tte  Kickard,  county  Meatli. 
The  latter  ffctitletiian  wa»  the  nephew  of  the  great  Dean. 
Although  descended  from  the  two  great  regicides.  Mr. 
Bwifte  waa  a  royalist  of  the  highest  order.  With  him 
loyalty  was  a  principle,  without  which  no  man  could  be 
n  gentleman*  ilia  attachment  to  the  reigning  dynasty 
inada  it  ft  proud  distinction  for  him  to  hare  borne  arms 
in  170d<  He  was  the  eldest  rolurtteer.  An  accomplijhed 
tcholar  and  authority  on  the  English  laugu^ge,  Mr. 
Bwifte  had  few  equnh.  He  has  loft  a  large  and  com- 
parotiTcly  younff  family  to  lament  his  loM.  He  lived  to 
see  hii  deficendants  of  the  ftftU  generation.  Boru  on 
Julie  20,  1777,  dying  on  I>ec.  28,  1875,  he  w&i  conje* 
■^^nently  in  the  ninctj-ninth  year  of  bis  oge,  and  in  pot- 
eessiou  of  hi«  great  facultiea/' 

The  l>ub!iti  irarif^r  has  the  following  additional 
factt : — "  lie  was  the  last  of  &  generation  of  the  same 
blood  of  eittniordinary  longevity,  four  of  whom  have  died 
lit,  or  very  near,  the  fttme  ago,  within  Iho  last  twelve 
months.  Ho  wa?  closely  slUi'd  in  kindred  to  the  fumiiy 
of  Swifte,  of  8wifte'«  Htath,  Kilkenny.  He  occupied  for 
ihe  greater  part  of  half  a  century  a  post  of  high  trust 
under  (iovernmcnt  as  Keeper  cf  the  Crown  Jewels  in  the 
Tower  of  Londom  At  an  advatiwd  age  he  retired  on  a 
handsome  iicn^ion,  with  the  view  of  Pjn'mling  the  rest  of 
his  diiys  in  the  more  genial  climate  of  France.  Mr. 
Swifte  married  four  wives,  by  each  of  whom  be  had  a 
family,  amounting  in  the  aggregate,  it  is  said,  to  thirty. 
He  waa  the  second  son  of  Theophilus  Swtfte,  a  prrgoa^ 

cious  subject,  who,  besiics  having  come  to  blows, literarr 
a4  well  a«  physical,  with  the  principals  of  Trinity  Cot 
lege,  WM8  wounded  in  a  duel  by  —  Lennox,  afterwudt 
Duke  of  Richmond  and  Lord  Lieutenant  of  Ireland." 

•'Not  Lost,  but  goxk  before."— On  ihi^  qi)Ot«t2«a 
a  correspondent  sends  us  the  foUowini;  :^'"  .V*  to  tha 
referring  of  this  phrase  to  l^eneca,  i§  it  generally  know 
that  what  he  says  in  his  Sixty-third  Epistle,  wincT 
with  the  espres<iion,  'Fortasse.  quem  put»ris  p<| 
pra?misjiis  est,'  is  an  am|«UfiC4tion  of  what  Antiph 
one  of  the  Gnomic  pocti,  wrote  four  centuries  before '. 
His  words &r«:— 

6v  yap  TiB^aviv,  aXX«  rtjv  avrriv  vt'ov,  i/v  wt 
i\Qnv  tar   avaynaiut^  ^X'^*'*  wponXTjXv^airiv. 
Or,  in  the  lran«lation.  *  Nee  cnim   pericrunt,  ted 
<\Mxn\    iiecesjitaa   indixit    cunctis,  antevorterunt 
Possibly  Antiplianes  was  not  the  fyni  to  expi 
idea.  Jobs  3lACPnBt80A.* 

Text  por  Issqribivo  ovir  a  Dixing-Rooji 
"Whoso  ii  liberal  of  hl«  meat,  men  shall  fpeak  well 
him ;  and  the  report  of  his  good  hoiuekeepiog  wdl  le 
believed,"— Ecclesiasticus  xxxt  23. 

J.  L.  Clutoed  Sj 

C.  M.  ToRLESSK  (Stoke   by  Nayland.)— Our 
correspondent,  Mr,  F.  O,  SxKruE.vs,  writr-- 
is  ft  copy  of  this  broadside  in  the  British  ^ 
lection  of  Satirical  Printa,  No.  14^55.   When  ' 
the  famo  I  made  considerable  search  into  al 
and  other  local  histories,  wherever  it  ayn 
was  a  chance  of  getting  information.     I  had  i,  . 
and  was  forced  to  leave  the  thing  as  it  ia. 
there  la  nothing  to  explain  beyond  what  ws  XDKfl 
from  the  text,  which  is  plain  enough." 

A.  M.  D.— Gibbon,  in  the  fifty-fourth  chapter 
Biilmy  of  Oit  Btdint  and  Fail  of  tkt  Keviatk 
sayi,  '*  Luther  maintained  a  corportat^  and  Calvin 
presence  of  Christ  in  the  Eucharist ;  and  the  oyai 
Zuiogliu^,  that  it  is  no  more  than  a«pirttua1  comi 
ft  simple  memorial,  has  slowly  prevailed  in  the  ""' 

F.  J.  v.— Mb,  Skeat  writes  :— "  I  had  not 
the  correction  in  the  Tvo  ICobU  Kintm^ii  sn^jreftedl^ 
F,  J.  v.,  or  I  would  gladly  hava  ucknowlcJ 
emendation  occurred  to  mo  indt^peudently  : 
not  difficult,  I  rather  wonder  that  Mr.  Djec 

O-  P.— In  1793  the  French  revolutionary  gorenw 
prohibited  the  performance  of  Vohoire's  .1/ 
ground  that  there  was  in  it  a  queen  in,  ii; 
lamented  her  dead  hubband,  and  de*ired  tl 
two  absent  brothers. 

W.  WixTERs— The  term  quoted  must  have  been' 
wh  at  you  Puggett. 

E,  K. — You  had  better  write  to  the  papers  of 
you  complain. 

C,  A.  W.— See  Tocttui  for  the  origin  of  th^ 
quoted  by  Earl  Kttn«ll. 
T,  AKD  J.  Tat  LOR.— Forwarded  to  H.  S.  A. 

F.  R.— We  should  be  glad  to  see  the  lines. 

Editorial  Communications  should  be  addressed  to  ** 
Editor  of  'Notes  and  Queries '"—Advertiacmenta 
Business  Letters  to  "  The  Publisher  "—at  the  Offiot. 
Wellington  Street,  Strand,  London,  W.C. 

We  beg  leave  to  state  th<\t  we  decline  to  return 
mitnications  which,  for  any  reanon,  we  do  not  prifli ; 
to  this  rule  wo  ci*n  make  no  exception. 




L03tpOA\  HMfCMiA  T,  JASi'A&r  f».  Wt. 

COITTBJfTS.— S«  108. 

inimot*f  PotiBh  Princen.  01— Who  Shot  Kel- 

TloMM  Hill  jAmleaon  -  Tbfl  Ooun*  of  Thoaghl 

'i<n  CbofM  of  Action— LtoM  on  the  Letter  U, 

^.mliw»— Special     I'r»yer— J?*vcre     Winter* - 

..chwd  flanrej'a  AUaamna  to  the  Dnaitt,  65^ 

NaiaflB:    Albeit— The  A»pen  in  Ulster— luacrip- 

OB    dock    Fmm— FoolbAll—Boy  ;  BiAbotii— Tavern 

QirSUXB  >^SLr  n«iry  Wottao— Lady  Gre«nvlIJ— Pagfsmo,  or 
Bmwm.  r»'  N»i»lw»-M»]or  Fnwjclj  Ilerwro,  C7— WUrfonl 
WmmXfy  <-*  •■  ■'  '^M  School  Hook— "LJber  VcriUtii"— 
SoJbto  5«  >  >nlcr  of  the  QinialdoUtes— *' Saturdaf 

JIlKhl'i  -Lord  ChjiBocUor  KlIestnerB-Tho  Um 

off  ika  *w- ..».  o*^i-"Uinnli  saltu*,"  &c.— G.  Butter  of 
Ikiikmxaiy  —  Portntil  —  Cookersiuid    Abbe/  — 

KEf  ait  of  Prwice  and  Spain,  65)— *•  Brand- 

I,  Jind  Span  New,"  70— *H(?/j— K*^»»>i»* 

>i-«.. «-—....-    — ,    Mast/T^  (,r    ijimcrtiigB,   72— BegUtram 
iscrvB   linl*vt*rtittm,  7'i—-  -\Vatch  SoaLs— Arch- 

dMCOMT  SmIo— filMlapeiir.  ' '  \V  IUq  ISegnilo  "— 

IDod  four  rt  ftod  Q«>  ix  .r.e   Leaved  oo  Ducal 

Ooroaeto— Dr.    Boaer'a   "  iiiblc>UievtA   Univeraaliii   Auieri- 
omb"  —  FhUadfllpbia     Aathora  —  L'hrijitmaa    Mammeis  — 

WlMttod   FAmi 
-Tlie  Tmmx 

'"'-  KpistoJ*  ad  PolMoncm'" — 
—Irish  Pronnncifttlon  of 
[.re— NuraliHjaLic— *'  Finn- 

uner— **St.  Irvjnu  ;  or^   the 

tv-liefonnalion    Omrch    l*lale  — 

tie    of    "m«ht    Hnnoorablo  "— 

-.-ir.nry    Clarke,    LLD.-- 

Latean— The    Ute 

ll«taf  «ft  Bo':J£j^  4-c. 


Amon-j  tJie  Rjany  interest  in  nr  topics  diecwssed 
IC  '  inrcstigat^d  by  the  learned  author 

of  ifmiiti   of  Literature,  Calamities  of 

Auikon^  4q.,  I  do  not  recollect  any  inquiry  as  to 
wh(f  many  Vvrtk?  cnnie  to  be  written  :  I  allude 
mort  p^  '  ^ < •  bookii  on  subjects  quit«  foreign 

Pa  tlw  I  I   the  writers,  and  which  may  be 

ii^  to  owe  I  to  accident.     Yet  the  sub- 

jfct  18  onr  v  rensire  reading  would  have 

«littU«d  him  tu  trc  u  amusingly  and  instructively. 

I  b^eT«    literary  men   may  often  say  with 

*  Tljere '»  «  difinity  doth  «hape  our  eodi, 
Bough-bew  them  how  we  may  *" ; 

ajid  thut  circumstances  often  lead  men  to  write 
rhnt  th/  V  never  contPnir>l  itp.L  nnd  to  leave  un- 
w:  ':n  on  tbi^  Q  of  which  they 

h-  1^  much  th  ;ae,  and  labour. 

Krir  *:^ntury  «^,  when  I    began  to 

rr.  ?nme  chaitnitig  papers  by  Sir 
^  ive,  and  others,  on  the 

ular  fictions,"  attracted 
ftUcDLjtj.  Tht  iiiljcct  90  fascinated  me  that 
1  {funriiHt  11  with  earnestnesa,  and  was  eventually 
r»«a7d«d  bv  the  dijcover)- of  what  I  then  believed, 
Btni  bcliere,  to  be  an  important  ekuient  in  the 

history  of  the  dissemination  of  popular  tradition^ 
which  had  been  orerlooked  by  those  accomplished 
schoLirs,  as  it  has  been  since' by  Keightley,  Prio^ 
and  other  subaequcnt  writers. 

Having  given  the  subject  much  consideratitm, 
and  collected  what  I  thought  strong  evidenoa  of 
the  .soundness  of  my  viewa,  I  ventured  to  consult 
my  kind  and  learaed  friend^  the  late  Mr,  Doao^ 
and  I  was  warmly  encouraged  by  him  to  pursue  mj 
inquiries  ;  some  years  afterwards  I  received  siim- 
lar  advice  from  Dean  Miluian  ;  yet,  though  I  hav9 
many  "  priefs  of  it  in  ray  note-book," — formed  « 
collection  of  books  on  the  popular  songs,  legendi^ 
and  auperatitions  of  different  natious  perhaps  ua- 
rivftllcd, — written  a  few  papers  on  ^bakspeare** 
Folklore,— coined  that  aame  word  folk-lore,  and 

fmbliBhed  a  long  and  perhaps  deservedly  fnrjiottea 
ittle  book.  Lays  and  Z4^entU  of  P'arioas  Nationu;, 
—all  the  time,  thought,  and  labour  bestowed  bj 
mo  on  this  subject  hm  envied  in  nothing. 

But,  though  not  a  line  has  ever  appeared  of 
what  I  once  ho|>ed  would  win  me  some  reputation, 
I  have  been  led,  partly  by  force  of  circurastiJioea, 
purtly  by  what  1  felt  to  be  an  act  of  duty,  to  pub- 
lish two  books  which  I  certainly  never  conteoi- 

How,  being  neither  physiologist  nor  statist,  I 
was  led  to  publish  a  volume,  The  Longevity  of 
MaUf  developing,  for  the  first  time  in  a  book 
devoted  to  the  subject,  those  views  which  a  me- 
dical dissentient  from  them  hi\3  designated  the 
**Thomsiftn  theory,"  I  pa-«s  by  at  the  present 
moment.  How,  being  neither  lawyer  nor  politician, 
I  have  been  led,  I  believe  1  may  truly  Bay,  oe  an 
act  of  duty  to  undertake  the  exposure  of  the  in- 
numerable falsehoods  of  Mrs,  Serres,  ia  more  ger- 
mane to  the  present  commumcatiom 

Two  great  lawyers,  one  a  great  politician,  wero 
accessories  before'  the  fact.  When  on  a  vutit  to 
Lord  Brougham,  in  1858,  he  gave  me  a  copy  of 
Mrs.  Ryves's  Appeal  for  Royalty ^  which  htwl  ju5t 
been  sent  to  him  by  poaU  I  read  it,  and  told 
him,  when  he  asked  my  opinion  of  it,  thnt  I 
thought  it  just  as  fibsnid  and  untnuhful  as  her 
mother's  attempt  to  prove  that  Dr.  Wilmot  wn 
"Junius,"  which  I  had  read  some  twenty  year*  be- 
fore. A  long  and  curious  conversation  with  Lord 
Brougham  led  me  to  feel  an  interest  in  the  stib- 
ject  which  I  had  never  felt  before  ;  and  when  th« 
Ryres  trial  took  place  in  18(16,  I  watched  its  pro- 
gress with  great  curiosity.  A  day  or  two  after  ite 
conclusioD  the  Lord  Chief  Baron  (Pollock)  askt^ 
me  if  I  had  any  copious  history  of  Poland,  and  em- 
plained  that  his  object  was  to  ascertain  some  wtg^ 
ticulars  of  Poniatownki,  whose  ai.stcr  or  dtutgitter 
Dr.  WUmot  was  said  to  have  married.  No  suoh 
history  exists  to  my  knowledge  ;  hut  u  reference  to 
the  Annual  Ktgidrr  and  Oetttltmnn'g  Magazint 
gave  me  a  few  dates,  nnd  I  \)tom\3>c4  VV^  \avwa«A- 
judge  that  I  wou\d  endeavour  \/o  wtt*'w«t^»^6>oj*''*V5 



[S*"  S.  V.  Jak,  22, 751 

Happily  1 1 ucceeded.  In  "  N.  &  Q."  of  July  7, 
1866  (3^  8,  X.  1-3),  the  reader  will  find,  on  the 
best  Polish  authority,  kindly  furnished  to  me  by 
Mr.  RttlatoD*  the  eminent  Sckvonic  scholar,  that 
Poniat«waki  had  do  sister  whom  Dr.  Wilraot  could 
have  married  ;  and  I  went  further,  and  showed 
that  Poniutowski,  having  been  only  seventeen 
years  of  age  in  1749,  the  date  of  the  alleged  mar- 
ria^e,  could  not  have  had  a  marriageable  daughter. 

My  interest  in  Mre.  Serres^s  falsehoods  beinf; 
thus  stimuLited,  I  next  investigated  her  wicked 
scandals  about  George  II L  and  i\\Q  Fair  Quaker 
The  result  was  that,  in  *'N.  &  Q."  of  February, 
1867,  I  proved  the  whole  story  of  Hannah  Light- 
foot  to  be  a  myth  as  far  as  concerned  George  III., 
and,  in  the  interest  of  truth,  felt  it  my  duty  to 
reprint  my  discovery  in  the  Httle  volume  which 
appeared  in  18G7,  under  the  title  of  Hannfih 
Lightfoot ;  Queen  Charlotte  and  th€  Chevalier 
If  Eon;  I}r.  Wilmof»  Folish  Princesg.  And  this 
is  the  second  book  published  by  me  under  the 
force  of  circumstances,  and  the  publication  of 
mrhich  I  certainly  never  contemplated. 

The  result  of  these  investigations  was  to  inteuRify 
my  intejest  in  the  story  of  Prince&s  Olive,  which 
was  increased  by  my  purchase,  at  the  sale  of  filr. 
Robert  Cole's  MSS.,  of  a  large  mass  of  original 
letters  and  documents  connected  with  Mrs.  Serres 
and  the  knaves  and  dupes  who  were  her  associ- 
ates. Among  these  are  papers  and  letters  of 
Serres,  Including  his  will  and  the  deed  of  separa- 
tion ;  some  ^W  letters  of  Mrs.  Serres  to  Lady  Anne 
Hamilton,  and  MSS.  in  that  lady's  handwriting  ; 
a  sort  of  autobiography  of  the  Eev.  William 
Groves,  who  pretended  he  was  the  Prince  of 
Monaco,  and  copies  of  his  numerous  letters  to 
ministers,  advocating  the  claim  of  the  Princeas  ; 
curious  letters  by  Mr.  Strango  Petre,  wlio  some- 
times called  himself  Fitz-Stratheorn,  sometimes 
Fitz-Olarence,  and  thirty-two  printed  pages  of 
letters  addressed  by  him  to  a  lady  of  title,  and  so 
printed  no  doubt  for  the  purpose  of  extorting 
money  from  her  or  from  her  family  j  also  various 
other  pai>ers  connected  with  the  Princess  too 
numerous  to  mention. 

I  have  since  from  time  to  time  exposed  the 
utter  falsity  of  many  of  Mrs.  Serres's  statements. 
I  do  not  believe  there  is  one  which  I  cannot 
equally  demolish ^  and  I  hope  to  be  permitted  to 
perform  a  duty  which  I  feci  I  owe  to  the  Crown 
and  the  nation,  even  though  by  so  doing  I  offend 
those  enlightened  patriots  who  compound  for  their 
abuse  of  royalty  by  their  patronage  of  those  who 
are  oniy  pretenders  to  it.- 

Aft^r  replying  to  the  shake  of  the  head  which 
this  statement  may  evoke  from  some  grave 

"*  .My  pulie  as  youra  doos  temperately  keep  time. 
And  beata  as  heultbful  inu>ic," 

I  will  give  him  an  account  of  a  curious  fact  which 

I  have  just  discorered,  and  which  deserres  a  place 
in  a  future  history  of  imposture. 

It  is  a  stnjng  proof  of  Mrs.    Ryves's  justifia* 
tion   in    believing   the   public  had   for^t*'^'*'   -" 
about  Mrs,  Serres's  absurd  claim,  that,  wi 
revived  it    nearly  half  a   centurj'  later, 
the  audacity  to  start,  as  her   mother    hi 
before  her,  with  the  marriage  of  Dr.  Wli 
the  Polish  Princess  j  and  Mrs.  Kyves  must  liatv 
known,  though  nobody  else  in  court,  includtTi-  thf 
learned  counsel,  knew  it,  that  the  Polish  1 ' 
had  been  proved  to  be  a  nonentity  as  long 
1825  t 

Those  who,  like  myself,  are  unfortunately  oil 
enough  to    remember  the    Princess    Olive'  wfll  i 
remember  that  one  of  her  rivals  in  notoriety  wif 
Mr.  ex-Sherilf  Parkins,      This  gentleman  ^  ^ 
reputation  for  gallantry,  recorded  in  a   } 
epitaph  which  some  of  your  readers  may  r. 
while  on   the  other  liand   he  was  cliar<j:i 
having  given  to  her  husband  an  ainator\ 
which  he  had  received  from  Sirs.  Serres. 
letter,  a  very  characteristic  one,  has  been  pi 
in  other  places  besides  the  Memoir  of  Serrf 
and  as  there  is  no  reason  to  believe  that  th- 
wi^is  guilty  of  the  conduct  imputed  to  hiiu,  thcf^i*  ■ 
no  necessity  for  its  reproduction  here.  ■ 

That  the  sheriff  was  at  one  time  a  bel>' 
Mrs.  Serres  there  is  little  doubt  ;  but  the  u 
did  not  last  long^  and  bis  love  must  hf>\ 
violent,  to  judge  from  the  violent  hate  to  v. 
turned.  I  have  now  before  me  a  cutting,' 
newspaper  (name  unknown),  which  contsiiu 
vituperative  letter  from  the  ex-sherifi*,  da 
cember  i'9,  1824,  in  which  he  sjieaks  of 
*'  some  years  ago,  in  a  letter  written  to 
paper,  denounced  as  forgeries  "  the  document! 
duced  by  her,  and  having  since  '^  produced 
vincing  proofs  that  the  Duke  of  Cumber^ 
not  be  her  father,"  But  the  intexest  of 
turns  upon  the  contradiction,  complete 
factory,  which  it  furnishes  to  the  absurd 
Dr.  Wilmot  having  married  a  sister  of  Pouia 

The  object  of  the  letter  is  to  publish  the 
sheriff's  correspondence  with  the  CounteiM 
kiewiez,   a   niece    of   Poniatowskij   who 
Engknd  in  the  autumn  of  ly24.      Mr. 
took  advantage  of  her  being  in  London  to 
an   inquir)"^  respecting  her   uncle's   visit   to 
country,  which  concludes  with  the  folloi^nng 
sage : — 

"Was  Stnnialaui,  the  late  King  of  Poland,  era 
England  t  If  so,  in  wiiat  yc«r  did  bo  cotnr  >  ■»  r 
year  did  bo  rottira  to  Poland  i  H«d  Krii. 
aiflter  atvUd  PrinceBs  I'oniatowBka  ]  If  «o. 
to  England  with  hnr  brother  the  king  f  uivd  if 
returned  ta  Poland?  and  if  fio,  did  she  ever  acknowli 
to  hiLTo  been  married  wLile  in  Englmad  1 " 

To  these  categorical   questions    the    follow 
reply  from  the  Princeas  is  short  and  complete 




From  t\*  PrmeeM  fi^tatoi^^ta  to  J.  W.  Parlim,  £t>/. 
"  Lojidres,  le  2'2  Oct. 
•'  J'lii  recti,  mansirar.  In  lettre  que  tous  ru'&vez  fait 
Ihontieur  <ic  nrrtjrire.  nvcc  les  pftpiefi  et  Jcs  questions 
•  i  OS.    Le  feu  Eoi  de  Pologne,  StaniakuA 

'^itirement  Gt£>  en  ilngleterre  dana  aa 
.1  '    r.ncuoe  de  sei  ao&ure  n'est  T«nuo  en 

<:t)ue.     Yoilk  ce  quo  jo  puia  oer- 
t  ar,  avoir  satiflfiiit  pur  cc»  repoiise« 

u  Tutrc  dt4ir  J  4:t  «uk  &vec  la  pluR  p&rfaito  eslime  tout  a 
▼oa««  La  Comtesa^  Tyszkicwiez. 

Pri|jice9ie  Poniatowiikn." 

Kxieoara^p^d  by  the  courtesy  of  the  countess,  tbo 
'^•— -ff  o|*iim  irrote  to  her;    but,  owin},'    to    her 
)  to  Paris  the  letter  did  not  reach  her  for  name 
T.I  t}  letter,  in  which  he  requested  her 
•'with  your  signature  in  full,  and 
tn  certify  the  same,   ua  also  the 
number,  ages,  nud  titles  of  the  ktt*  Kin]:i;  Stanis- 
laus's sistera,"  the  following  is  the  lady'd  reply  : — 
*'  Puria,  NoveinbTts  15.  1824. 
**  J«  ▼Ati«  demftiiile  purdoo,  monaiear^  da  la  distraction 
q  '      '    "    '  prapcirtcr,  sans  le  bat  tor  lo  pnquet  que  youh 
1  ihunneur  d*  m'adreaacr  la  vtillo  de  mon 

•i  .  tjdre«.     Quant  an  dcux  lettres  du  2ft  et  'Jtf 

OcU>br«,  Juot  je  revAtfl  a  I'lngtaut  Ic  duplicate,  en  date 
dv  12  Ngfwnbre^  je  ne  Ich  ai  point  revuei,  Je  m'enipresae 
Am  *.-.,.-  r^riTojer  1m  kttrea  de  la  aoi-dlsante  PrinceBW 
.ooa  reclaxnez,  et  j'y  joins  ici  raasertiun  lu 
qno  jtirDaifi  aucune  de  mei  tantea,  anDutA  du 
feu    K  i^  Aaguste,  n'a  <:t^  on    Angleterre  id 

ATtc  ii:  "eat  la,  je  pense,  monsieur,  I'liffirma- 

tiQo  Que -^uez,  et  it  laquellc  jt  joins  I'aseurance  da 

nua  pltu  porfaitfl  eatime. 

(Sigae)  Ia  ComtesM  Tyszltiewiez, 

Prin  cease  Poniatowaka." 

The  alleged  ranrrlage  of  Dr.  Wilmot  to  a  kina- 
womanofP  !  I  is  the  foundation  on  which 

the  whole  ^  i  ire  of  Mrs,  Serrea's  chnm  to 

be  OliTe,  rnic .  ^s  VI  Oumberhind,  was  founded, 

I  hare  now  shown,  so  long  since  as  1824, 
it  was  proved  on  the  highest  authority  thnt  Ponia- 
toimki  bad  DO  such  kin;*  woman,  therefore  the  whole 
^niwTstructure  fulls  to  the  grouod. 

I    yet,   in   1566,  Mrs.   Ryves   couM   bring 

'   this  absurd  claim  in  a  court  of  justice, 

t   her  counsel  learned  in   the  law  to 

i^e  with  the  marriage  of  Dr.  WUmot  to 

i  I .  .<  t  ^  P*>niatowskL 

lirtly  the  force  of  impudenoe  could  no  further 
William  J.  Tuoms. 
m.  09^Tf^*9  Square,  8.W. 

"A^rtnlnr^  of  tbe  *  French  Sergeant'  who  elaimed 
lo  lia?«  Shot  Nelson  and  to  hurc  all  but  Witncaaed  the 
iiwfnaflon  of  Admiral  VUIeneure.*' 

A    ihort   article    in    the    DaUi^   Telegraph   of 
IWe;  5?'  iky^ested  by  the  defith,  at  Hamp- 

ton f*^'  of  Misis  Hardy,  the  daughter  of 

'^  JMHt  come  before  rae.     In 
arc  alluded  to,  and  the  ball 
-^  i-iul:  killed  huu  (now  with  iti  setting  in  tbe  pos- 

session of  her  Mttjesty,  the  gift  of  the  niece  of  Sir 
Wm.  Beatty,  M.D,)  is  noticed  as  one  "likely  to 
reawaken   the  carious  controversy  regardinj;!  the 
hand   by  which  Nelson  fell."     The  article  thus 
refera  to  the  Alt^moirs  of  a  French  Serffeant,  "  an 
English  tran.slation  of  which  was  published  by  Mr. 
Golburn  some  forty  years  flin*e,"  in  which  **  the 
wTiter    distinctly    and    impudently  claimed   the 
honour  of  having  slain  the  scourge  of  the  French 
nary.      He   was   armed,  he    said,  with   a   ship's 
muHket,  and  fired  at  random,  but  was  much  over- 
joyed when  he  saw  the  lord  '  drop.* "    I 
possess  a  rather  rare  collection  of  nava!  memora- 
bilia^   Imvinoj    had    relatives    who    dis^tinguiiihed 
themselves  in  the  service,  and  among  my  books 
have  the  work  alluded  to,  the  correct  title  of  which 
18,  Adrentnres  of  a  French  Sergeant   during  hii 
Campaigns  in   Itabj,   i^pain^   Germany^   RutaicLf 
^Cyfrom  \mb  to  1823,  with  the  English  editor'a 
preface.      It  was  published  in  1827  (fifty  years 
ago)  by  Henry  Colbum,  of  New  Burlington  Street. 
The  writer  of  the  article  doubtless  wrote  of  this 
work    from    memory,   and    therefore    his    alight 
exaggeration  of  Robert  GuUlcmard'a  (for  such  ia 
the  name  ho  j^ives)  self-^loritication  at  his  shot 
— fired   from  the   tops  of  the  Redoubtable^  **  at 
hazard,"  among  the  officers  near  Nelson,  on  the 
poop  of  the   Victory— havin^f   hit   the   admiral, 
whom  he  rcco^tiized  by  his  orders  and  loss  of  one 
arm,  is  pardonable.    The  tlaimant  of  tbe  invidious 
honour,  if  one  reads  the  account  published  by  Col- 
burn,  rather  excites  surprise  at  hiy  abstinence  from 
crying,  "  Ha  !  ha  ! "  over  an  enemy,  and  says  that 
"  though   the  shot  that  had  brought  down  this 
admiral  had  rendered  a  service  to  my  countr)^  I 
wsw  far  from  considering;  it  an  action  of  which  I 
had  a  right  to  boast.     Besides,  in  the  general  con- 
fusion every  one  could  ckim  the  honour  ;  I  might 
not  be  believed  ;  so  that  1  was  afraid  of  furnish- 
ing my  companions  with  a  subject  of  ridicule,  and 
did  not  think  proper  to  mention  it  to  them,  nor 
to  the  French  olhcers  I  saw  on  board  the  Victory." 
1  do  not  wish  to  aill  special  attention  to  the 
above,  for  the  subject  may  have  been  exhausted, 
but  to  make  it  prefatory  to  a&kinc  if  another  state- 
ment made  by   the    "  French   Sergeant "   in  hia 
AdventuTt*  ever  gained   any  worthy  belief.     He  ' 
states  that  he  was  amanuensis  to  Villeneuve  on 
board  the  Victory,  after  his  capture,  and  that,  on 
his  having  obtained  liberty  to  return  to  France,  he 
travelled  to  Morlaix  with  the  admiral,  thence  to 
Rennes,  where  Villeneuve  was  ajBsas.Hi Dated,  and 
that  be  wa;^  all  hut  a  witness  to  the  act,  heard 
the  iifisassLns  departing  from  the  bedchamber,  tr>o 
late  to  give  assistance  to  Villeneuve,  whom  he 
found  with  "  five  deep  wounds  piercing  hia  breiist." 
He  then  tells  of  his  arrival  at  Paris,  and  hJs  being 
sent  for  and  examined  by  Napoleon  as  to  the  cir- 
cumstances of  the  death.     Would  any  contributor 
to  *'  N.  &  Q."'  be  able  to  gi\'e  any  idea  if  thA«  "^^a 




9ftT  ground  stated  on  reliable  evidence  of  an 
act  of  murder  having  ended  Villencuve's  days, 
ntber  than  the  general  belief  that  he  died  by 
filicide  ?  I  may  add  that  the  "  French  Sergeant " 
itates  that  he  was  a  conscript  soldier,  and  that  his 
service  on  the  Redoubtable  was  his  first  ta»te  of 
¥attle. A.  L.  G. 


It  was  with  a  feeling  of  the  deepest  regret  that 
I  learned,  from  an  appreciative  obituary  notice  in 
ibe  ikntsman  of  the  l()th  instant,  of  the  death,  on 
tiie  9th,  of  my  lamented  friend  T.  Hill  Jamieson, 
tlic  keeper  of  the  Advocates'  Library.  His  loss 
kks  aifected  me  more  than  I  can  express,  and 
leaves  a  scar  that  even  time  will  not  efface.  Mu- 
tiial  sympathy  in  study  made  us  acquainted,  and 
a  few  hours'  conversation  was  sufficient  to  show 
m  that  however  little  we  knew  upon  the  subject  of 
our  esjwciid  study,  as  compared  to  what  we  de- 
nred  to  know,  at  let«t  we  had  devoted  tlie  atten- 
tion of  love  to  the  object  we  had  pursued.  Plea- 
sant, indecil,  were  the  first  hours  passed  in  liteniry 
retrospect,  and  reciprocal  the  delight  to  find  that 
each  had  been  over  the  same  ground,  the  sounding 
«f  one  another's  knowledge  of  books  and  authors, 
till  we  separated,  like  two  fencers,  each  of  whom 
liad  obtained  advantages  sufficient  to  convince  the 
other  of  his  opponent's  devotedness  to  his  art. 
This  is  the  simple  truth,  though  it  may  appear 
•gotisticil,  and  the  result  was  an  acquaintance 
which  was  kept  alive  by  correspondence  from  time 
k>  time.  I  little  thought  how  serious  was  his  ill- 
ness when  he  wrote  to  me  a  few  months  ago  that  he 
had  been  on  the  Continent  for  the  benefit  of  his 
health,  but  had  returned  rather  wors^e  than  better. 

He  was  most  careful  and  conscientious  in  his 
work.  When  editing  the  i<hip  of  Fools  I  obtained 
Jbr  him,  that  he  might  be  accurate,  an  office  copy 
of  Alexander  Barclay's  will  from  Doctors'  Com- 
mons. In  1872  he  issued  a  prosjwctus  of  Halkett's 
great — and,  so  many  deaths  has  it  seen,  I  might 
almost  say  fatal — work  on  the  Auonymoutt  and 
Faeiuhnyinoiis  Authors  of  Great  Jiritain,  noticed 
tj  me  in  your  number  for  May  18,  1872.  The 
task  of  editing  the  MS.  proved  far  greater 
than  had  been  anticipated,  and,  in  spite  of  the 
»ost  arduous  work  which  Jamieson's  co-editor, 
Mr.  Laing,  has  devoted  to  it,  no  further  announce- 
ment as  to  its  progress  has  been  made  during  the 
last  three  years. 

Jamieson  was  always  engaged  upon  some 
laborious  undertaking,  the  editing  of  the  new 
ptinted  Catalog^ie  of  the  Advocates'  lAbrary  (as 
to  which  I  published  a  note  in  your  number  for 
Kay  8  of  last  year)  alone  being  sufficient  to  occupy 
tlie  time  and  energies  of  a  large  staff.  Having 
icad  nearly  every  line  of  this,  so  fur  as  printed,  I 
am  testify  to  the  great  care  of  the  joint  editors, 
Halkett  and  Jamieson ;  at  the  same  time  being 

aware  that  it  is  far  from  realizing  tlie  ideal  cata- 
logue which  lK>th  would  have  desired. 

The  iicotnnan  informs  us  that  he  was  bom  in 
"August,  1843."  The  same  paper  on  June  12, 
1872,  announced  his  marriage,  on  the  daypreviooa, 
to  Jane  Alison  Kilgour,  who,  with  two  sons,  sos- 
vives  him,  to  mourn  his  premature  loss  at  tbe 
early  age  of  thirty-two.  Should  I  be  spared, 
Jamieson's  sons,  in  future  years,  may  rely  on  one 
friend  at  least  for  their  father's  sake. 

llALpn  TDoaiA& 

88,  Doughty  Street,  W.C. 

TiiK  Course  of  THomJiiT  contrary  to  the 
Course  of  Action.— I  have  met  with  twocariooi 
translations  in  our  A.  V.  which  are  not  altogetha 
indefensible  if  taken  as  illustrations  of  this  strange 

1.  Acts  V.  30: — '()  B€o9  tu>i'  Trarepoiv  ^jfiar 
7/yctp€v  'hurovv,  ov  vfui'i  6u\€Lpi(ratTt^€  Kpefia- 
o-ai'T«  cTTi  ^I'Aor. — "The  Go«l  of  our  fathen 
raised  iip  Jesus,  whom  ye  slew  and  hanged  <m  a 
tree.''  The  tninsLitors  idmost  invariably  torn  is 
aorist  participle  into  a  co-ordinate  verb,  pretUiMf 
the  main  verb  of  the  Greek.  But  here  it  ia  taiki 
amusing  to  notice  that  the  comparatively  unnsml 
position  of  the  participle  after  the  principal  T«b 
has  caused  translators  to  bring  out  a  vartpof 
TTporepav  in  their  version.  I  think  that,  to  nj 
the  least,  this  might  lead  to  some  misconcepdon  a 
the  truth  in  the  case  of  a  misinformed  reac^r. 

2.  Eph.  v.  2G  :  -  iva  avrijv  uyiao-^^  KaOapitni 
TO)  Aoi'T^Mo  TO?  v6nT0'S  Iv  pyj/iaTt. — '^  That  he 
might  sanctify  and  cleanse  it  with  the  waahing  of 
water  by  the  worrl."  Here  the  action  of  cleaosinc 
is  exactly  coterminnna  and  simultaneous  with  that 
of  washing.  But  tlie  mistake,  if  such  it  may  be 
calletl,  is  exactly  parallel  with  the  former.  I  mn 
heard  this  called  a  serious  mistranslation,  whidi  it 
certainly  is  not,  although  it  would  hoLve  h«i 
better  rendered  ditierently. 

The  well-known  passage  from  the  jSneii, 
"  Moriamur  et  in  me<iia  anna  ruamus,"  is  abort 
the  best  instance  of  this  figure  of  speech  that  I 
know  of.  The  other  (|uotations  cit«d  above  oie 
perfect  instances  in  the  Greek,  albeit  that  the 
language  used  in  ordinary  enough.  It  is  when  co- 
ordinate verbs  are  employed  that  the  trope  becoiMf 
striking,  as  a  conjunction  nearly  always  iniplia 
an  order  in  action  which  corresponds  to  the  oidtf 
of  the  words. 

Deduction  and  induction  may  be  well  explained 
by  this  means,  the  former  being  the  scientific  O- 
pression  of  the  course  of  thought,  the  latter  of  the 
course  of  action.  DnxELMKXsn. 

Lines  on  the  Letter  H.— The  following  liaei 
on  *'poor  letter  H"  have  been  given  me<bja 
lady  who  is  not  actually  a  native  of  the  eoaaij  n 
question,  but  of  an  adjoining  one.    I  do  not  le- 




member  orrer  to  bwro  £eea  them  before,  undas  they 
Are  perba|»  tiao  new  to  many  of  your  reiidoi^,  I 
«end  tll«tE  to  **N.  &  Q."  for  their  amuBement  :— 

MtmanHnmet  Jrom  the  Lettrr  H  to  the  JiJutlitantt  of 

**  WberBM  by  yoa  we  hare  been  driTon 
^H^  FrotB  bctrth  ftod  home,  from  hope  and  heaven, 
^^h  And  pLiced  by  your  roost  leam'd  aocictf 
^^y  In  exile,  uniruisb,  and  anxiety, 
P         Wc  boreby  otaim  full  restitution, 
I         And  beg  ycMi  11  mend  your  elocation." 
^Hf       A  fuwr  /rvm.  Uie  IfihabiUtnU  of  Skroptkin. 
^V'Whereai  we  >e  rescued  jou«  ingrate, 
^^B  FfiiUi  bell,  from  horror,  and  from  hate, 
^^BFri>ir>  bedgebill,  horsepond,  and  from  halter, 
^^Bylnd  comc>crat«d  you  in  altar, 
^^^ITc  Uiiftk  yuur  ctaun  is  an  iDtruBion, 
r      Aiid  will  not  meud  our  docution.'* 

I  Jonathan  BotrcniER. 

I     LiRRRi   HoifixES.— la  the  History   of  Land- 

iQiit  pablished  by  one  of  ynur  correspon- 

1  r,  Fisher,  there  olvufs  rather  an  impor- 

n  as  to  the  character  of  the  alle^iince 

*  'onqiieror  by  the  lihcri  hominu^  at 

^*  tisbury  in  lOSG. 

i  are  nmged  the  names  of  Sir 
.,  :-ni  Williiim  BlackstODe^  Hidlatn, 
;  and  on  the  other  are  those  of  Mr. 
iie  author  of  the  History  of  Land- 
liich  I  may  add  that  of  Finlitson,  in 
>ry  of  £nglish  Load, 
involved  lb  best  conveyed    in    the 
lira  on  the  one  side,  and  Finltvson  on 
tbo  othter.   ilallam  {Etir&pe^  p,  527,  Murray)  sayn : 
J*V>aiam  ree*ived  at  Salialmry  in  10S5  (nV)  the  fealty 
>blers  in  England,  both  those  who  held  in 
iroanU,  thus  breaking  in  upon  the  feudal 
IfeB  molt  eacentlal  uttrihuie,  the  oxcluaive 
of  a  vaaial  upon  his  lord/' 

JMiwoa,  in  a  note  to  Reevers  History  of  Eng- 
^Ltiw  (vol.  i.  p.  54,  note  b\  WTit/es  : — 

lo  midlrn  or  sweeping  change  in  oar  inniitaticns 

'pet  tenure  of  Jnad.  except  oo  far  aa  re- 

t)<  Id  under  military  tenure,  was  left 

;d.     .  ..^      ...irtcr  of  the  Conqueror,  indeed,  inj- 

oath  »f  aliejpanoe  upon  all  Crcemon ;  but  alle- 

DpliM  protection."' 

r.  Stttbhs  doe«  not  eeera  to  attach  much  im- 

ice  to  »hf"«  pf>tnt,  for  he  does  not  speak  at  all 

Ivfl*  '    Mr.   Fishet   chums   this   au- 

*  t  of  view  :  and,  as  the  position 

^  "^^Is  intimately  connected  with 

cjiie^v  influente  of  feudpiisra  in  Enp- 

and  nai  r^i^en  so  much  {llscussed  by  consti- 

kifttorians,  it  i^  important  to  know  what 

ItcliC  enn  be  thrown  upon  the  tranft&ctions 

took  pluce  at  the  meeting  at  Holisbury  above 

to.      Feudalism  was  distinctly  an  effect 

collision  of  Iloman  law  with  barbaric  cuh- 

therefore  w^ould  be  legs  predominant  in 

[than  on  the  Continent.     The  wor^Ja  of 

to  imply  that   Williara   destroyed 

feudalism,  while  the  usual  inference  is  that  he 
introduced  or  rather  intensified  it,  which  is  quite 
compatible  with  Finlaaon'a  remark  as  above. 

G.  Laurence  Gommb,  F.R.H.S. 

Special  Pratbr,— The  following,  from  tlie 
Exeter  WtMtem  TimeSy  of  December  31,  1876, 
ou^ht  to  be  recorded  for  the  benefit  of  posterity, 
Pynes  b  a  few  miles  from  Exeter  : — 

*'  The  itate  of  the  Revenue,  as  rerealed  ia  an  antioi' 
nUory  artiele  on  it  in  the  Time*,  give*  joy  to  our  lligbt 
Hon.  Neighbour,  the  Chancellor  uf  the  Excbequar,  and 
will  be  Uiken  rh  an  answer  tt*  the  Special  Prayer  i>ut  up 
\t\  Pynes  Church,  to  the  effect  *  that  DiTino  Providence 
would  bo  pleased  to  give  prosperity  to  the  financial 
nffaireof  thJB  ^reat  Country,  in  order  that  an  IJluatrioua 
Pariahioner  might  enjoy  the  blemings  of  tbit  hallowed 
seaion  undUturbcd  by  apprehensions  of  an  adrercro 
reckoning  at  the  end  of  the  Financial  Year/  The  Ttm€t 
sayi  that  the  latest  reckoniitg  of  the  sereral  returns 
■howi  that  the  state  of  the  ReTenue  i»  more  favourable 
than  was  expected.  There  is  an  addition  of  half  a  million 
to  the  total  increase  for  the  year,  and  the  Budget  eeti- 
niate  ia  substantially  excecdocl,  which  augurs  well  for  the 
conclujion  of  the  teaf." 

A.  E.  B. 

Sbvere  Winters. — It  may  interest  some  of 
your  readers  to  mention  that,  about  the  Christmas 
of  1645,  the  cold  was  so  int^'nse  that  three  men  out 
of  the  forces  of  Colonels  Birch  and  Morgmn 
perished  in  the  snow,  during  the  niRht  march  which 
led  to  the  surprise  and  capture  of  Hereford  (Lords* 
JoumaUf  Dec.  22) ;  the  river  Wve  being  then  so 
hard  frozen  at  that  plac^*  as  to  admit  of  the  escape 
of  seveml  persons  across  it,  amonpf  whom  was  the 
Rovalist  governor,  Col.  BarnabuJi  Scudiuuore. 

T.  W.  Webb, 

"  Tatter." — Dtirin^  the  course  of  a  trial  at  the 
recent  Winter  Gaol  Delivery  at  Leeds,  a  witness 
said  that  the  prisoner  described  himself  to  her  as 
a  "  tatter/'  and  as  having  been  out  "  tatting.'*  On 
Ijeing  aaked  for  an  explanation,  she  described  a 
"tatter"  as  "a  man  who  went  about  picking  up 
old  rags  and  Ruch-like."  This  curious  word,  which 
appearsexiwtlyeiiuivalent  to  the  French  chiffonnicr^ 
teems  worthy  a  note  in  "  N.  &  Q/' 

Middle  Templar, 

Richard  Harvet's  Allusions  to  the  Drama. 
—In  Richard  Harvey's  Limht  of  Ood^  Lond,, 
l5J>fJ,  there  are  several  allusions  to  contemporary 
literature  which  I  have  never  seen  quoted. 

In  one  of  his  long-winded  sentences  this  VBty 
affected  writer  has  the  following  string  of  com- 
parisons : — 

''  Ab  far  mundcr  as  the  tale«  of  mort  Arthur  and  the 
bookei  of  Moses,  aa  the  iroldon  legend  of  Iron  mints  and 
the  Actes  of  the  Apostles,  as  the  fcenes  of  Davus  and 
the  Ptalmes  of  David,  as  the  writings  of  Martiii  and  the 
works  of  an  honest  man."— P.  55. 

It  is  probable,  I  think,  that  in  Davus  Han'ey 
had  some  particuhur  person  in  view.  Remembering 




the  nature  of  the  reference  made,  or  reputed  to 
have  been  made,  by  Greene  to  Shalupeare,  one  is 
almost  tempted  to  believe  that  the  dispamging  epi- 
thet may  have  been  intended  for  him.  On  the 
other  hand,  the  antithetical  point  of  the  compa- 
rison seems  to  require  that  Marlow  should  be 
inferred.  Or  was  it  Lilly,  the  old  antagonist  of 
Gabriel,  a  supposition  which  is  perhara  favoured 
by  the  introduction  of  Martin  as  climax)  In 
another  place  Harvey,  who  seems  to  luive  inherited 
all  the  family  talent  for  scolding,  calls  Martin  "a 
bloody  massacrcr  and  cut-throat  in  jester's  apparel." 
Many  passages  of  the  book  seem  to  be  indirectly 
levelled  at  Marlow  and  his  school.  Writing  of 
the  irreligious  tendency  of  the  ix)pular  literature 
and  stage,  Har^'ey  says  : — 

''The  heathen  writers  thcmseWes  never  set  any  men 
but  the  vayuRst  and  raadde8t  of  all  the  rest  againit  their 
Priestes,  which  men  either  liTed  in  reproach  or  came  to 
shame,  or  for  the  time  were  generally  reputed  reproach- 
full  and  shamefull  men,  as  may  appear  in  their  gigan- 
toraachies  and  theomachies,  commonly  made  oven  of 
poets,  in  reverence  of  religion,  the  causes  of  greatest 
mischiefs  and  eorowcs.  t  >  which  end  and  purpose  all 
the  most  ancient  tragedies  hare  been  written  even  every 
one  of  them,  as  R.  Harceii  hath  proved  in  his  Logical 
and  Enthymematicall  Analysis  dedicated  to  the  valiant 
and  vertumis  nolle  Lord,  the  JSarle  of  JSssex.^'—F.  147. 
The  italics  are  Uarrcy's. 

This  refers,  I  suppose,  to  his  Ephnneron,  pub- 
lished in  1 583.  Some  one  who  is  fortunate  enough 
to  have  access  to  this  very  rare  book  should  care- 
fully examine  it  for  any  incidental  allusions  to  our 
early  drama. 

Nashe  calls  Harvey  a  "  theologicall  gimpanado," 
and  his  "sheepish  discourse"  of  the  I^mbc  of 
Oady  "a  dish  of  divinitie  brcwesse  which  the  dogs 
would  not  eato"  (Apohgie  of  Pierre  FennihsmCy 
Lond.,  1593).  The  same  writer  tells  us  that  "  Kit 
Marloe  wjis  wont  to  say  that  Jlichard  Harvey  was 
an  asse,  good  for  nothing  but  to  preach  of  the  Iron 
A^e."'  Most  of  Harvey's  readers  will  be  of  the 
same  opinion.  C.  Elliot  Browne. 

Christian  Names  :  Albert.— It  is  a  common 
opinion  that  this  name  was  not  used  in  England 
before  the  marriage  of  the  Queen  with  her  late 
consort.  It  is  not  so,  however.  In  (Dring's)  Cata- 
logue of  the  Lordiy  Knighti^,  and  GenUemen  that 
have  Compounded  for  their  Entate^y  8vo.,  1655, 
p.  51,  occurs  the  name  of  Albert  Hodsham,  a  recu- 
sant. His  fine  was  53/.  6«.  ^d.  Halbert  was  in 
Scotland  in  the  sixteenth  and  seventeenth  centuries 
by  no  means  an  uncommon  Christian  name. 

K.  P.  D.  E. 

The  Aspen  in  Ulster.— It  is  remarkable  how 
few  nurserymen  in  Ireland  know  the  right  names 
of  the  trees  and  shnibs  which  they  cultivate  and 
sell.  This  is  especially  the  case  with  the  different 
species  of  poplars.  The  aspen  in  particular,  though 
far  from  uncommon,  is  quite   unknown  by  that 

name,  so  far  as  I  have  observed,  in  Ulster.  At 
last  one  man  puzzled  me  by  speaking  of  4  *'  qnig- 
genespy,"  by  which  I  found  that  he  meant  "qoiudiig 
aspen.**  S.  T.  P. 

Inscriptions  on  Clock  Faces. — It  has  occuired 
to  me  that,  following  the  "  Inscriptions  on  Bells,* 
some  on  clock  faces  would  be  found  both  coriou 
and  interesting  to  the  readers  of  *'  N.  Si  Q."  I 
append,  as  a  beginning,  the  following  that  h&T? 
come  under  my  notice : — 

"  I  servo  thee  here  with  all  my  might ; 
I  tell  the  hour  both  day  and  mght. 
If  thou  wilt  example  take  by  me. 
Serve  tby  God  as  I  serve  thee." 
"  Here  my  master  bids  me  stand 
And  mark  the  time  Vritli  faithful  hand. 
What  ill  hU  will  is  my  delight. 
To  serve  him  well  by  day  and  night. 
Master,  be  wise,  and  learn  of  me 
To  serve  thy  God  as  I  serve  thee." 

G.  H.  A 

Football. — As  this  game  is  now  so  popular  at 
most  of  our  public  schools,  it  may  interest  maoy 
to  know  what  a  thoughtful  and  intelligent  ma 
wrote  about  it  in  the  reign  of  Henry  VIIL,  before 
Stubbes  denounced  it  so  vehemently  in  Queen 
Elizabeth^s  time  : — 

"  Some  men  woldo  say  that  in  the  mcdiocrttic,  irlu^ 
I  have  800  moche  praysed  in  shootynge,  why  riiold  aot 
bouling,  claishe  pynnes,  and  koytynge,  be  ai  moche  com* 
mended  ]  Veryly  ai  for  the  two  laste,  be  to  be  Ttterly 
abiected  of  all  noble  men,  in  Ivke  wyte  foote  baUb 
wherein  is  nothynge  but  beaatefy  fury,  and  extrew 
violence,  whereof  procedeth  hurte,  and  coiueqiuiitfy 
rancour  and  malice  do  rcmayn  with  them  that  I* 
wounded,  wherefore  it  is  to  be  put  in  perpetual  sriciieei' 
—Sir  T.  Elyofs  Guwmor  (1537  ed.),  f.  98. 

B.  R. 

Boston,  Lincolnshire. 

Boy  Bisiiors.— In  the  Boole  of  the  HomAM 
of  A  Igenion  Percy,  Earl  of  Nokhumherlandf  in 
the  year  1512,  are  the  following  entries  : — 

"  Item.— My  lord  usith  and  accnatomy  th  yerely  when  Ul 
lordship  is  at  home,  to  yef  unto  the  bame  bishop  (Aonra 
bishop)  of  Beverley  when  he  comith  to  my  lord  {n  Christ- 
mas hally-dayes,  when  my  lord  keepeUi  his  houas  it 
Lukynfield.  xxs. 

**  Item.— .My  lord  usith  and  accostomyth  to  gif  Tsnlf. 
when  his  lordship  is  at  home,  to  the  t»ame  bishop  of 
York  when  he  comes  over  to  my  lord  in  CbrystTnnuii 
hallydayes,  as  he  is  accustomed  yerely,  zz«." 

J.  N.  B. 

Tavern  Signs.—"  Appii  Forum,"  at  Gribyn,  in 
Cardiganshire  ,-  "  Cow  and  Scissors,"  in  the  ulebe- 
land,  Merthyr  TydviL  T.  C.  U. 





[We  muai  rw}aeii  Mrrcspondenta  denring  information 
I  family  nuUam  of  ontj  privato  interest,  to  affix  their 

Eiamcs  kikl  fti<UratMt  to  their  queries,  in  order  that  the 

l&nwen  WMj  te  addrMMd  to  thom  direct,] 

StR  Hjopbt  Wottok. — The  admirable  pastoral 
letter^  which  the  Bishop  of  WincheBter  hi\s  just 
addrpjsed  to   his  cltr^yy,  recalls   to  niind  "  that 
oiefal  apotbegm/'  as  Izaak  Walton  terms  it,  whicli 
I  >;?-  Tf. -,^.-  Wotton  caujied  to  be  inscribed  on  hi^ 
.  rtpel  of  Eton  College  : — 
_  ._  ,  ^  __ t  hMJaa  sentcntinD  primuB  author, 
I  i/if|n}twdi  pmritus,  Kcclefliarum  icabies." 

If  Ihia  xriis  applicable  to  the  religious  controversies 
K  the  seventeenth  century^  it  is  scarcely  lesa  bo  to 
|h^'^  r»f  the  nineteenth.  We  can  but  hope  that 
i  I'sia^  scabies  "will  not,  as  it  did  in  the 

r^  ih,  e^it  up  the  substance  of  the  Church, 

i&Aiie  in  the  entire  dissolution  of  it.     Ixaak 
adniu  that  the  ckim  of  Sir  H.  Wofton  to 
ip  of  thia  pregnant  Bcntence  ciinnot 
,  "as  it  wa*  known  long  before  his 
inaat  hjive  been  met  with  by  Sir  H. 
in  the  course  of  his  extensive  reading* 
m^ges  an  ingenious  and  charitable  apology 
the  mlsULke  by  my\ng  that  "  his  mind  (/.  c.  at 
tloac  of  his  life)  wan  then  so  fixed  upon  that 
i  of  the  communion  of  saint?  which  la  above, 
t  an  holy  lethargy  did  surprise  hirf  memory." 
U  alio  SQggests  that  possibly — 
^Ibalgb^  God  wa«  then  plensed   to  mnke  him  a 
t,  to  U\\  the  Ohurch  miliUmtj  and  particularly 
)«n  of  it  ia  this  nation,  where  the  weed*  of  con- 
grow   to  be  diuly  more  nameroug,  and  where 
tmn  oozueicnoes  that  boggle  at  ccretnoniei,  and 
wtaora^^te  not  to  gpeak  and  act  such  mhs  aa  the  antient 
^^^'*"'' —  WlicTed  it  to  be  a  am  to  think  ;  and  where, 
nrnd  Hooker  SAtth,  '  Former  timpUcity  and 
«ff  icplrit  ii  not  now  to  be  found,  becaujo  zeal 
drowned  charitTi  and  skill  meekaeK.'    It  will  be 
to  think  that  tbe<e  Mid  clianget  have  proved  thia 
ItAaoh  to  be  a  useful  caution  unto  U8  of  tbia  nation, 
lal  tM  aad  effrcLi  thereof  in  Germany  hare  proved  it  to 
uniful  truth-'* 

ive  ventured  to  give  these  valuable  sentencea 

(Vi   r\<  Kf-^ring  so  forcibly  upon  the  present 

religious  world  ;  but  my  ooject  ia 

rti,  from  some  of  you p  learned  corre- 

(t4,  the  real  history  of  "  this  prudent  and 

ientence,  which  discovers    the  dispoHition 

the  memory  of  its  author,"  and  to 

who  was  the  author  of  it,  and  what  is  the 

to  which  it  can  be  traced, 

G.  B,  B. 

Us  Maxwell  Lyte'a  recently  puhliihed  Uiiioiy  of 
\Cilitye,  USO'l^S  (Mftctnillan).  the  epitaph  ie  thua 

lie  jacot  htijuB  ^ntentiie  primus  author, 
Biaputandi  pruritm  lit  Eccle&iaruiu  fcabiet, 
Nomen  aliaa  ipiacre/* 
l^.l^teadd*  that  the  above  "was the  simple  inscrip- 

tion which  Sir  Henry  Wotton  composed  for  hid  own 

tombstone The  Btone  has  aince  been  moved,  and 

now  forms  part  of  one  of  the  steps  leading  Into  the 

IvADT  Green  viLt,-^Io  the  college  chest  there  are 
more  than  a  dozen  letters,  feome  merely  fragments, 
signed  Mary  Howartl,  addressed  between  lfl3l)- 
1€42  to  Mr.  George  Cutteford  of  Walrwdden, 
Devon,  her  agent.  My  predecessor,  Dr.  J.  M. 
Neale,  in  his  Ilitfory  of  i^arJcrilk  ('oUcjc,  ascribes 
these  letters  to  Lady  Grcenvill,  the  wife  of  Sir 
Richard  Grcenvill,  the  Roynlist  leader,  who,  ac- 
cording to  Clarcndofl,  "  prevailed  with  a  rich  widow 
to  marry  him,  wlu)  had  be  a  a  lady  of  extraordinary 
beauty,  which  she  had  not  yet  outlived  ;  and 
though  she  had  no  great  dower  by  her  husband,  a 
younger  brother  of  the  E:u*l  of  Suffolk,  yet  she 
inherited  a  fair  fortune  of  her  own,  near  Plymouth; 
and  was  besides  very  rich  in  a  personal  estate,  and 
was  looked  upon  as  the  richest  match  of  the  West." 
Any^  infommtion  respecting  this  lady  will  greatly 
oblige  ^  The  Wardex. 

Sftclcvllle  College,  East  Grinstcad. 

Paoano,  or  Pagana,  of  Naples.— Can  any  of 
your  readers,  learned  in  the  genealugia  of  the  two 
Sicilicii,  inform  nic  whether  there  be  living  de- 
Hcendants  of  this  ancient  Neapolitan  family? 
Part  of  its  history,  down  to  the  middle  of  the 
seventeenth  century,  is  given  by  »Signor  FOiberto 
Campanile  in  hia  Armi  ovtro  Itiscffnc  dd  Xohili 
dd  NapoH^  i(j8l.  From  this  work,  and  from  the 
archives  of  the  church  of  8.  Giovanni  di  Sala 
sopra  Forenza  in  Basilicata,  it  appears  that  the 
founder  of  this  family  (to  which  belonged  the 
famous  Hugo  de  P:iganu.s,  the  founder  of  the  Order 
of  the  KnightH  Templars)  was  a  member  of  the 
house  of  PstganuB  de  S>ancto  Karilefo,  and  was  a 
companion  of  Tancred  the  Norman,  in  his  Sicilian 
expedition  in  the  eleventh  century.  By  the  Adti.^ 
I'oniijicvm  Vamtfrnamienttum  we  learn  that  the 
family  of  Pagamia  was  in  existence  at  St.  Carilef 
(the  modern  i^i.  Calais,  department  of  Sarthe,  on 
the  river  Anille)  so  early  as  the  second  century  of 
the  Christian  era,  when  tbe  representative  of  that 
house  gave  to  St.  Turribiua,  the  second  Bishop  of 
Mans,  Lind  whereon  t<>  fouDd  a  monastery  (see 
also  La  Didionnairc  (Uogrnphi<iHC  de  3f.  La- 
mardnure^  suh  t*orc  Saint  Calais).  But  ia  the 
Neapolitan  bmnch  of  the  famUy  atill  in  existence; 
and,  if  ao,  where  are  its  reprCf^entatives  to  be 
found?  Hamon  Laffoley,  B.A. 

Major  Fiiancis  Fierson  fell  gloriously  on 
January  6, 1781,  at  Jersey,  whilst  defending  the 
island  against  the  enemy,  led  by  Baron  de  Rulle- 
court,  or  the  French  army.  PieT5W)n''a  father  renided 
at  the  time  at  York.  Can  any  person  inform  me 
whether  any  members  of  thia  fsimily  are  living  ? 

Jcity  Sullivan, 

Homeadale,  Jersey. 


WiLSFoRD  Family  of  Kkkt.— In  the?  Britiab 
Museum  is  to  be  found  '*  A  Copie  of  the  ViaiUition 
Book  of  the  County  of  Kent,  us  taken  by  John 
PJhiJpot,  Rouge  Umgon,  Marshal  and  Deputy  to 

'  I 

Wm.  Camden,  Clarencieux,  Annis  1G19,  162i»,  and 
1621/'  with  additioQs  and  an  index  by  Edwafd 
Hasted,  author  of  The  Hiitory  of  Kent.  Heretn 
appears  the  pedigree  of  Wilaford,  ending  ihns  : — 

Junei  liVlUford,  (]ied=Elizaboth,  d.  «nd  co- 
in Ui»  father's  life- [  heir  of  —  Munwaring, 
time.  I  of  CUesbire. 

Anne  Touohet^^Edmard  Wil8-=BliMbeth,  d,  of 
duu     of    Lord  |  lord.  —  Bargnve. 

CustlcbaveQ.      I 

Sir  James  Wilft-^Elizftbeth,  d.  of 
ford,  Knt  of  1  Sir  Edw.  Fifth, 
lledcn.  of  B<idford,Kiit. 

ThomRfl  Wiliford, 

Mary,  lit  wife,  bur.^Hobert  Wil«-_...  dan.  of  Sir  Robert 
in    liochtfiter    Ca-    ford.  |  Fnunce«    Ent,    2nd 

tbedraL  %rife. 

Roljcrt  Wllsford,  d.  in=:»-, 
hie  father's  lifetime.     I 

Particulars  reJipectiufi;  the  family,  subsequent  to 
the  last  dates,  are  requested.  C.  C.  G. 

Old  Sciioot  Book. — When  my  father'  first 
went  to  achoolj  in  the  early  part  of  the  present 
century,  he  used  a  book  which  he  has  atill,  and  he 
is  Ycry  desirous  to  know  who  was  the  author  of  it. 
At  p*  1  is  "  A  Compendious  EnRlish  Grammar, 
divided  into  abort  lessons/*  ThiR  extends  to 
p,  S8,  and  forms  Part  I. 

P.  39,  Part  II.  History  of  the  kinjjfs  of  England, 
and  the  most  remarkable  events  of  each  reign. 
Kuch  soTereign  from  Willi/im  the  Conqueror  to 
Geoi|;e  II.  has  a  quatrain,— cj^,, 

"  WiUitttn,  A  spurious  branch  of  Rollo^s  mce, 

From  Normftn'i  duke  to  England'i  kingwc  trtioe; 

He  conquer'd  Saxon  U«rold,  scii'd  the  throne. 

Wae  brikTD,  bub  proud,  And  purtml  to  hia  own," 

— a  character  of  the  soverei^,  and  "  Remnrkable 
Eventa."  Under  George  III,  there  are  only  the 
style  and  titles. 

P.  81,  Part  III.  Geography.  This  includes  a 
deecription  of  each  county,  with  ita  rtiriosities. 

P.  148,  Part  IV.  A  chrr)no]o|?ical  tiible.  Ex- 
tends from  tlie  creation  of  the  world  to  1776, 

P.  167,  Part  V.     Tables  in  arithmetic. 

P.  17B,  Part  VL  An  alphabetical  list  of  foreign 
coinfl,  with  their  English  value. 

P.  185-     Finis. 

The  size  of  the  printed  part  of  a  page  ia  six 
inches  by  three.  As  the  title  is  lost,  and  there  is 
no  colophon,  I  ah  on  Id  be  f(lad  to  know  the  place 
and  date  of  publication,  aa  well  us  the  author's 
name.  J,  T.  F. 

Wiiitcrlonjf  Brigg. 

"LiKER  V'eritatis." — Can  any  of  your  corre- 
spondents ^ive  me  some  idea  of  the  money  value 
of  a  folioj  in  three  volumes,  bearincj  the  above 
name  I    It  i»  a  collection  of  two  hundred  prints 

of  pi«tOTe<!»  by  Claude  de  Lomiine,  executed  by 
JJJdiard  Earlom,  and  published  in  1777  by  John 

Roh«H  Wil«ford,  im 
infant,  1764. 

BoydcU  of  London.  They  have  been  eatimfited 
at  a  very  high  Talue,  and  I  am  de-iirous  to  tmn' 
the  real  vnlne.  They  are  in  fine  condition,  bound 
in  whole  calf,  Y.  S.  J»L 

SoHO  Square.^ — As  the  word  Soho  has  b«en  of 
difficult  etymology,  I  he^  to  refer  the  readers  of 
"  N.  &  Q,"  to  the  MS.,  No.  392,  voL  xiv.,  of  thd 
Lambeth  Palace  Library,  seen  by  me  to-day 
{Jan,  7),  containinjs:  a  letter,  anno  lCt)5,  from 
Rose  Street,  St.  Hoe'9  Square.  Was  this  a  cor- 
TOption  of  Hugh,  Huon,  Hoel,  Hubert,  &c.,  btt>D{^ 
by  the  recent  French  immigrant*  after  tlierevocit^ 
tionof  the  Edict  of  Nantes  in  1685  to  that  vicinit 

S.  M.  Brac^ 

Thb  Okxikr  of  the  Camaldolites.— To" 
book  must  I  refer  for  a  detailed  history  of 
reli^ous  order]     It  was  founded,  I  believe,  in  tht 
eleventh  century,  by  St.  Ronnialdo.     Any  inffl 
mation  respecting  it  will  greatly  oblige. 

F.  C  V. 

"Satitiiday  Night's  Club,"  1743.— Was 
an  actora*  society  ?    Who  was  interested  in  it  ? 

F,  G.  S, 

Lord  Chancellor  Ellssmkrs. — 

"Certain  Obftcnmtiona  concerning  the  Office 

Lord  Chancellor/'    Composed  by  the  Right  Honoui 

and  Moat  Leanied   Thoumt  Lord  EUtumtr^i  late 

ChMicflllor  of  £ngliind.    London,  1651.    8to.  pp.  1 

Was  this  little  book  really  written  by  Lord 
cellor  EOesnicre  or  not  ?     I  have  been  under 
impreaaion  that  the  Speech  touching  the  Post  3?  ^ 
was  the  only  work  that  he  ever  published,  andi 
believe  it  is  eommonly  so  stated  in  the  mcmoin 
his  life.    In  the  preface  to  the  little  book  refe 
to  above  it  is  stated :  *'  The  copy  of  this  t 
was  delivered  unto  me  by  John  Harding,  Ute 
Gmyea  In  no,  Esquire,  deceased,  and  one  of 
Readers  of  that  Honourable  Society,  and  by 
affirmed  to  be  composed  by  the  Right  Honou 

6»  8L  T.  Sxv.  2i,  T«.) 



And  most  1 
of  the  boo^ 

yihua  Lord  Ellesniere,  Lord 
:/'  I  shall  be  gl:id  of  imy 
inject  of  the  rral  authorship 
ri.  J.  P.  Earwaker. 

*«-*  -"-'"'•* 

TrrE  Vrs  or  mm  Pastoral  Staff, — Hm  a 
*'  iiil*'  bishop,  or  a  bishop  who  has 

r  the  right  to  iise  ft  postowl  stJitT? 

?\  i^  that   he  has  not,  the  pastoral 

h*.  ymbc»l  of  jurisdiction,  which  juris- 

ditnon  hi'  n -^  reii^ed.     Doea  a  coadjutor  bishop 
in  the  Roman  C'athoUc  Church  use  one  / 


**  Oinris  flALTiTs  IK  cnonzA  est  saltus  in  fro- 
WVTTOTJU  CLOAC-fL" — Whence  13  the  above?  Stubbes, 
in  hia  Anatomu  of  Abtue*,  cites  it  as  the  saying 
of  ft  "certain  godlie  doctor."  Prynne,  in  hia 
JliMirio  MnstLr^  quotes  from  Perrin\«j  HUtwy  of 
similar  expression,  which  he 
:ie,  but  a  very  cnreful  search 
\i.u'Mi-u  jif  luuixLs.)  has  not  enabled  me  to 
corroborate  Prmne,  or  rather  Perrin. 

H.  H.  S,  C. 

George  BrTi.ER  or  Ballyragcett,  KrunrKxr. 
— Oan  Any  of  your  readers  gire  me  any  informa- 
tion relative  to  him  1 — as  to  when  he  died,  who  he 
'•nuBOTTied  to,  and  hi??  descent  from  the  Mount- 
particularly  the  latter,  which  I  am  very 

(UkoOWiog.  P*  J,   COGAN. 

A  Portrait. — A  friend  of  mine  has  a  portrait 
p^itited  in  oils  on  wood.  On  the  right-hand  side 
©f  the  picture  are  these  words  :  "Castelkn  (or 
CUmbfillaD  ?)  de  Philip  2  et  duo  Albert  d'Au> 
Iricbe  et  fenime^  Prince  et  Princessej  Ambasaudeur 
«iir  Henry  4,  Gouverneur  de  Mnltne,  mort  le  7 
Ferrier,  l«12."  On  the  left-hand  side,  "Boxtel  et 
.  ,  .  **  with  some  other  words  I  cannot  make 
preceiling  the  word  *'Boxter'  there  have 
tome  wor^ls  which  have  evidently  been  out 
oft     Wliote  is  thifl  portrait  ? 

Arthur  Schombero, 


OOCKKRSAXD     AbBET     IX      LAlfCASniBE,— The 

Airtiiliry^  or  at  lea<;t  the  register,  of  this  luonaa- 
toy  it  beliered  to  be  still' in  existence,  and  in 
ftHval^  bonds.  Information  on  thi.s  point  is  de- 
•bwL  H.  FisHwicK,  RS.A- 

Gbrr  Hill,  Bocbdale* 

ALTHOTA8.— Can  nnv  one  inform  me  who  this 
akbiSEibt  wa^  :i  .!«  his  previons  career 

Miorr  he  met  wi'  fro?    There  is  a  slight 

SDcntioo  of  hi ro  in  Mr,  Mftckay^s  Hutory  ofPopw 
Isr  iMimofur,  in  connexion  with  Cagliostro. 

O.  B.  M. 

(5«J»  S.  ui.  407  ;  iv.  130.) 

AccoTflinff  to  Petrus  (5"»  S,  iv.  130),  (k» 
O'Neills  of  Frainoe  "  would  be  the  lineal  letritimiftB 
posterity  of  Hu|zh  the  Great,  the  hist  O'Neill, 
through  Terence,  hia  son,  and  could  alone  preteni 
to  the  title  of  Prince,  Connt  (or  Earl)  of  Tyrone*^ 
whilst  those  of  Spain  "  would  represent  the  bninrfc 
of  Claudeboy  ('Clan'  Aodh  Buidhc'),  and  the 
proofs  of  both  assertions  have  been  thoroughlj 

Ah  to  what  concernB  the  O'Neills  of  Portmgtd  T 
shall  c:Lrefully  abstain  from  any  discussion.  No 
document  have  I  seen  establlshinjr  whether  or  aot 
they  belons^ed  to  the  yoiinger  and  collateml  braack 
of  the  royal  and  sovereign  house  of  O'Neill. 

My  intention  is  only  to  occupy  myself  with  that 
of  8  pain, 

I  am  as  well  acquainted  as  Petrus  could  preteM. 
to  be  himself  with  the  documents  on  which  aodi 
pretensions  are  based.     They  consist  of — 

1.  A  copy  of  tlie  Rifil  Dt*paclw  dt.  Hidatguia^ 
Blawnfs^  relating  the  letters  of  nobility  incorporit- 
injT  into  the  ninks  of  the  Spaninh  iwhlc&ie  <tt 
hufiilfjnia  these  members  of  the  O'Neill  family, 
and  duly  eertilled  by  Don  Antonio  Ru^la  y 
Busueta,'then  king-At-arms  of  her  Majesty  I>ouft 
laabella  II. 

2.  A  fjenealogical  document  drawn  out  in  17311 
by  Hn^di  MacMahon,  Archbishop  of  Arraa^^ 
(Gatholic)»  in  favour  of  Phelim  or  Felix  O'N^. 
born  in  Ulster,  1720,  who  entered  into  the  SpaniA 
service  in  1730,  where  he  died  Captain-General  of 
Arragon,  a  jxi^l  of  elevated  military  rank  ;  and 

3.  A  pane^ric  in  Spanish  of  the  above-nifia- 
tioned  Don  Felix,  printed  ut  Madrid,  1796. 

The  first  of  these  documents  regards  exclusifeb' 
John  (Shane)  O'Neill,  third  son  of  Hugh  O'NeOt 
Earl  of  Tyrone,  who  was  held  in  consider»hfe 
favour  at  the  Court  of  Spain.  Thia  aJfirmatioa 
responds  to  the  question  put  forward  by  the  autbar 
of  the  article  in  these  terms,  "  WTio  was  this  John?* 
The  epoch  at  which  the  letters  of  **  HididguLi  y 
Blasoncs "  had  been  confirmed  clearly  poinU  o«L 
that  there  could  not  be  question  of  any  other  fper- 
aonage,  I  take  the  liberty  ahio  of  remindiiiK 
Petrds  that  all  the  sons  of  Hu>ih  the  Great  dad 
not  die  in  Kome.  Hugh,  the  eldest,  Rurnaniei 
"  the  Biiron,"  did  so  in  l(KH?,  and  was  buried,  by 
order  of  his  Holiness  Pope  Paul  V,,  in  the  cbu«dk 
of  S.  Pietro  in  Montorio,  on  the  Mount  Janin>ila«^ 
as  is  generally  known. 

As  to  the  second  document,  which  tmfiea  fto 
pedigree  of  Don  Felix,  it  is  perhaps  well  to  tcmwi' 
her  that  the  illustrious  Hu^h  MacMahon  mi|r^ 
have  been  an  eminent  theologian,  and,  aa  his  imowT' 
tal  printed  work,  Jus  primaiiak  Ard-wuvthawM^^ 
proves  hmi  to  be»  a  canoisAsl  ol  TCtBM^saNAft 


jAJf.  22,  76. 

ority ;  but  it  by  no  means  follows  that  this  vener- 
able prelate  was  a  akilful  henild,  or,  even  wbat 
is  more  essential,  a  corrtct  genealogist.  The 
Archbishop  of  Anrui^'h  effectively  mnkes  out  the 
said  Don  Felix  aa  deaccnding  from  Terence  (Tur- 
logh),  brother,  on  both  father's  and  mothers  side^ 
of  John,  the  son  of  Hugh,  whom  he  qualifies  as 
**most  serene  Prince  of  Ulster,  Earl  of  Tyrone, 
Vi^cfumt  Mountjoy,  Biuon  of  Fews,  DuncuDnon, 
and  Strabanc,  Sovereifrn  L«:*rd  of  the  two  Princi- 
palities of  Upper  and  Lower  Clandeboy." 

In  the  first  place,  I  should  be  anxious  to  know 
▼here  his  Gni^e  Arehbiohop  JLicMahon  could 
have  discovered  thiit  John  waa  '*  Viscount  Mount- 
joy,  Earnn  of  Few*,  and  Sovereign  Lord  of  Upper 
and  Lower  Clnadeboy."  There  exists,  in  this  some- 
what whimsical  and  contradictory  profusion  of 
titles  uiwn  the  sjune  head,  an  historical  and  genea- 
logical chaos  manifest  to  the  most  inex|)enenced 
student  of  Iri^h  hintory,  or  any  odc  who  could  have 
paid  the  least  attention  toour  national!  annal«,orwho 
could  have  been  in  the  Blijjjhteat  degree  acquainted 
with  the  several  brauche«  forming  part  of  the 
illustrious  bouse  of  O'NeilL  And,  finally,  I  shall 
nsk,  where  did  his  Gmce  find  out  that  Terence 
was  brother,  by  both  paternal  and  raateroril 
descent,  of  John  ? 

Histoiy  teaches,  and  the  Aunah  of  the  Fotn- 
MoiUri  confirms  it,  that  Hu^'h  the  Great  had  only 
four  lej^Ttimato  i^onis,  to  wit,  Hugh  the  Baron, 
everywliere  desiffnated  as  "primogenituis,"  or  tJie 
eldest,  Henry,  John,  and  Brian.  The  same  annalK* 
inform  us  that,  in  the  year  l{it»0,Turlot|h  (Brasikigh) 
and  Conn,  sons  of  Hu;:;h,  commanded  troops  in  his 
army.  Now,  at  the  same  time,  Brian,  the  youngest 
of  the  lawful  male  issue  of  the  Prince  of  Tyrone, 
was  only  two  years  old,  and  Hugh,  his  eldest 
brother,  fifteen  yeai-s  of  nge.  Wherefore  it  stands 
to  reason  that  Turlogh,  uumamed  Brasilaj^h,  uud 
Conn,  of  sufficient  age  to  hiive  commands  in  the 
army,  must  necessarily  have  been  illegitimate. 
'  If  it  is  to  Turlojjjh  Brasiknrh  that  the  archbishop 
attachea  the  O'Neills  of  Sptiin,  how  am  he  certify 
that  he  w^'Ls  brother  frcjni  lx>th  fiither'a  and 
mother's  side,  when  it  was  shown  that  Jolin  was 
legitimate  and  Turlogh  illegitimate  f  How  attri- 
bute to  Turlonh,  a  natural  son,  titles  belonging 
solely  to  the  lawful  issue  of  Huj^h  ? 

There  exists,  therefore,  in  the  certificate  of  his 
Gmce,  an  evident  error.  This  could  easily  have 
been  avoided  did  he  but  attach  Don  Felix  to  his 
true  origin  ;  that  is  to  Bay,  in  giving  him  for 
ancestor  Art  (Arthur),  second  son  of  Turlogh,  son 
of  Henr}%  This  Henry,  of  the  bmnch  of  Fews, 
was  the  second  husband  of  the  motlior  of  Hugh 
(Judith  Maguire,  of  the  Princes  of  Fermanagh), 
and  widow  of  Ferdorcha,  his  father.     Hence  it 

foOows    that   Turlogh    (Terence)    waa    only    th<»     J 
ukrinc  brother  of  Hugh  the  Great,  and  de^^if n-U 
not  from  him,  but  from  his  relative,  Henry  OX'  il 
of  Fews, 

This  opinion  is  corroborated  by  the  Bipertorii 
Eohdorum  Canc^llan^  Ardmachanof^p.  1G4C>, 
by  the   Annah  of  the  Four    MtutirSf    p,    II 
col.  2,  Owen  Cnnnelhui. 

A  few  wonls  now  upon  the  O'Neills  of  Franc 
quoted  in  the  title,  but  without  being  otherwi 
mentioned  in  the  body  of  the  article  itself. 

This  hmnch  has  very  serious  grounds  to 
itH  deiJcent  from  Hngh,  Earl  of  Tyrone.     Tl 
title-deeds,  which  I  have  seen,  and  of  whicli  1 
fully  attest  the  importance,  have  been  carefully  exa- 
mined,  controlled,  and  certified  in  1784  by  the 
body  of  officers  (of  whom  one  was  a  member  of  ray 
own  family)  of   the  regiments  of  Walsh  and  of 
Dillon,   in   the   French   sen'ice.      Their  armorial 
bearings  are  exactly  identical  with  those  borne  by 
Hugh  O'NcOl.     Not  ho  with   the  Spanish  and 
CJandeboy  bninchea. 

In  conclusion  to  this  note,  allow  me  to  add  oi 
simple  obsen'ation  on  the  subject  of  Celtic-Irii 
families  :  What  does  it  i-eally  Fjignify  whether  ' 
descend  from  Pat  rick,  Hugh,  or  John  / 

The  essential  point  for  each  and  every  one 
them  is  to  establish  that  all  the  members  are 
scions  of  the  true,  recogni/.cd,  and  tiuthentic  st 
and  not  to  be  confounded  amongst  the  multitn* 
whether  by  caprice,  accident,  choice,  or  othefwi 
bearing  the  common  name  of  the  ckn. 

This,  with  respect  to  the  dift'erent  branches 
France,   Spoin,   and  Portugal,  as  also    with 
Chich esters,  now  O'Neill  in  the  female  line,  cam 
be  contcMted.      Napol^ox  Bonaparte-Wtse. 


"  Brakd-skw  "  AND  "Spick  and  Span- N 
(5*^  S,  iv.   24,  72,  255.)— W.  M.  is  indubitaU; 
wrong,  and  Archbishop  Trench  right.     The  coi 
monest   cju-e  in  investigating   the  matter  w 
have  shown  W.    M.   that   it   is   not  beca 
wholly    because,   of  the  ftrchbi shop's    boo! 
writers  of  the  present  day  use    brand 
of  bran.      If    hmnd-new  were  a  cormption 
the  Scotch  hra'  new,  the  very  last  place  where 
should  expect  to  find  brand-nevj  would  be  in  Ji 
son's  ticottish  Dictionanj.*    Yet  there  W.  M.  v 
find  it,  with  two  quotations  to  support  it,  one 
them  from  Burns,  who  speUs  it  (irent-new,  a  foi 
which  cannot  possibly  be  a  corruption  of  hra\  ai 
which  oio.«it  ulearly  proclaims   the   connexion 
brand-ntw  with  to  ffum. 

Jamieson,  who  gives  essentially  tbe  same 
pknation  of  the  term  that  Dr.  Ti'ench  docs, 
says,  "  This  is  certiiinly  the  same  with  Teut,  bra 


*  The  Four  Miuieri,  tranilated  by  Ovren  ConDclIan, 

*  My  edition  ia  the  second,  and  is  dfttcd  IS40.  or  foi 
teen  years  before  Br.  Tr«nch  delivered  the  lectures  < 
which  hia  boat  quoted  by  W.  M.  k  bfticd« 




member  trf^r  tr  Kaca  seen  them  before^  and  aa  they 
;in?  perhaj.  to  man}"  of  your  reiwlers,  I 

send  them  '^."  for  their  anmsemcnt  :— 

Mtmmt&tmti  fnm  tht  LtUrr  Htotke  InkabitanU  qf 

«  WliogreM  6y  jvn.  w«  h»Te  been  driven 
From  bcBfftii  tod  home,  from  hope  tuid  heaven, 
JLnd  alifri  bf  rour  most  ]ea,m'd  aockty 
Jn  aaal«,  mg^ui^  and  anxiety, 
We  twtly  ebon  full  restitution, 
ibid  Uf  fOQ  11  neDd  fwtr  elocution/' 
J  ntwifrfram  th€  InAabilanis  of  Sfiroiuhirt. 
**  VbcTMf  w«  'v*  rescued  jm.  mgnMf 
fmn  hdH,  from  horror,  and  from  b»be, 
Ptram  hcd^bO).  bortepond,  and  ttcm  halter. 
And  «aiBaecnkted  you  in  altar^ 
1T«  Ihtnk  joor  claim  is  an  intrunoii. 
And  will  not  mend  our  slocutioo.*' 

Jonathan  Bouciiier. 

LfBeni   I:  -In  the  History  of  Land- 

ketdim^,  jti  "  'i  by  one  of  your  correspon- 

4tllt]|.  ^  ! .  there  occurs  rrtther  nn  impor- 

tMil  di  .^  to  the  character  of  the  allegiunce 

svom  tu  ib^  Conqueror  by  the  Uberi  hominetf  at 
tht  iB»«aii^  at  SaltEsbniy  id  1086, 

'  ne  hand  are  ranged  the  names  of  Sir 

3!  i^rht.  Sir  William  BL%ckatone,  Hnllamj 

aou  X  rwiaiAD  ;  and  on  the  other  are  those  of  Mr. 
fitabbft  and  the  author  of  the  History  of  Land- 
AftUkfif,  to  which  I  mny  add  that  of  FtaksoD^  in 
BetrBB^s  tiistory  of  Knfjli-ih  Law. 

IW  point  involved  ia  best  conveyed  ic  the 
«wds  Of  Hullam  on  the  one  side,  and  Finlsison  on 
the  oilier,  flallam  {Europe^  p.  527,  Murray)  says : 

•  WatUm  rewred  at  Salidtury  in  10H/>  {*ic)  tic  fealty 
«l  aU  budliolelera  in  England,  both  those  who  held  in 
^ '  *      ■  their  tenant*,  thus  Lreakiog  in  upon  the  feud&l 
la  its  most  efoentini  nttribute,  the  excluiivo 
of  a  Ta,S6aI  upcu  Lie  lord." 

FiakkOfl,  in  a  note  to  Reeve«*a  HUtory  of  Eng- 
Iu4  Lit  IP  (toJ,  [.  p.  54,  note  6),  writes  : — 

'■  5u  fudden  or  BweepiDg  change  in  our  inRtitationt 
»a«  e^«ct?d,  and  the  tenure  of  luad,  except  bo  far  ub  re- 
Jirded  tbo»e  who  held  under  military  tenure,  wa>i  loft 
viafeetcd.  The  charter  of  the  Comjueror^  indeed,  im- 
pimd  »o  (k»t|i  of  allc;iiance  upon  &11  freemen  ;  but  aJle- 
tlnae  isnpllea  protection. "* 

Mr,  Stubbn  does  not  seem  to  attach  much  im- 

prtance  to  thiji  point,  for  he  does  not  upeitk  at  all 

|p^t»irplr,    though  Mr,   Fisher    ctatm!i   this    au- 

I'.is  point  of  view  ;  and,  a.?  the  position 

homin<x  la  intimately  connected  with 

f  ''be  inftiience  of  feudalism  in  Eoij- 

i'^'f-n  so  much  discussed  by  consti- 

"S  it  ia  important  t^  know  what 

■  thrown  upon  the  transactiotia 

oiv  pj  I'-e  lit  the  meeting  at  Salisbury  above 

•  to.      Feudalism  was  distinctly  an  effect 

'1    ion  of  Eonian  law  with  barbaric  cua- 

rcfore  would  be  le^s  predominant  in 

.  i;x^o  on  the  Continent,     The  words  of 

to  imply  that    William    destroyed 

feudalism,  while  the  ustial  inference  is  that  he 
introduced  or  rather  intensified  it,  which  ia  quite 
compatible  with  Finlason's  remark  as  above. 

G.  LAtrneitcE  Qoione,  F.R,H.8. 

Special  Prayer.— The  following',  from  the 
Exeter  Wettern  Timu^  of  December  31,  1875, 
oujirbt  to  be  recorded  for  the  benefit  of  posterity, 
Pynt5«  is  a  few  miles  from  Exeter  : — 

"  The  etate  of  the  ReTenue,  aa  revealed  in  an  antiei> 
patory  artiole  on  it  in  the  Timetf  girea  joy  io  our  Right 
Htm.  fJeie;hb<mr,  the  Chancelhiir  of  the  Exchequer,  and 
will  bo  taKoo  M  an  answer  to  tlie  Special  Prayer  put  up 
in  Pynos  Church,  to  the  effect  *  that  Divine  Iprovidence 
wrmfd  bo  plepsed  to  give  prosperity  to  the  financial 
nffttint  af  this  ereat  Conntry,  in  order  that  an  niuitriout 
Parishioner  might  enjoy  the  bleBainga  of  tbia  hallowed 
ioaaon  undisturbed  by  apprehensions  of  an  adverse 
reckoninj^  at  the  end  of  the  Financial  Year.'  The  Timet 
Bays  that  the  latest  rockoninig;  of  the  Heveral  retamt 
ihows  that  Che  state  of  the  Revenue  is  more  favonrablo 
than  waa  ex^>ected.  There  is  an  addition  of  half  a  million 
to  the  total  increaoe  for  the  year,  and  the  Bud^i^t  oeti-' 
mate  is  aubstaniiftlly  exceeded,  which  augurs  well  for  the 
conclusion  of  the  year." 

A.  R.  B. 

Severe  Winters. — It  may  interest  aomo  of 
your  rcatlers  to  mention  that,  about  the  Chriatmas 
of  1^45,  the  cold  waa  so  intense  that  three  men  out 
of  the  forces  of  Colonek  Birch  and  Morgan 
perifehed  in  the  snow,  daring  the  night  march  which 
led  to  the  surpriae  and  capture  of  Hereford  (Lctrd** 
JounujUj  Dec.  22) ;  the  river  Wye  bein^  then  so 
hard  frozen  at  that  place  jw  to  admit  of  the  eacape 
of  several  persons  across  it,  among  whom  was  the 
Royaliat  governor,  Col,  Barnabas  Scudamore, 

T.  W.  Webb, 

"  Tatter."— DurincT  the  course  of  a  trial  at  the 
recent  Winter  Gaol  Delivery  «it  Leeds,  a  witness 
said  that  the  prisoner  described  himself  to  her  as 
a  "  tatter/'  ana  as  havin^^  been  out  '*  tatting."  On 
being  asked  for  an  expUmation,  she  described  a 
"  tatter  **  as  ''  a  man  who  went  about  picking  up 
old  riigs  and  such-like.'*  This  curious  worH,  which 
ap  pears  exactly  et^uivalent  to  the  French  c^iy<?7ini>r, 
seems  worthy  a  note  in  "  N.  &  Q." 

Middle  Templar. 

HicnAHD  Hauvkt^s  Allusions  to  the  Drama* 
— In  Richard  Harvey's  Ltmhe  of  irod^  Lond., 
159n,  there  are  severaJ  allusions  to  contemporary 
literature  which  I  have  never  seen  quoted. 

In  one  of  his  lonp- winded  sentences  this  very 
affected  writer  has  the  following  utring  of  com- 
parisons :■ — 

"  A«  far  naundor  aa  tlie  tales  of  mort  Arthur  and  the 
bookei  of  Moees,  ai  the  golden  legend  of  Iron  Fftlnt»  and 
tbe  Actes  of  the  Apoatlei,  as  the  scenes  of  Davuit  and 
the  Psalme«  of  David,  a*  the  writings  of  Martin  and  the 
viotkB  of  an  honest  man."^P.  55. 

It  is  probable,  I  think,  tbit  in  Daviis  Hxurey 
had  some  particular  person  in  view.   Remembering 




nearer  conformity  with  the  English,  The  first 
time  I  notice  the  alteration  to  hrann-n€W  is  in  an 
edition,  Aberdeen,  179b' ;  followed  by  tbut  of  Dun- 
dee, 1812,  edited  by  the  author's  ji^randson,  the  Rev. 
Alex.  Thomson  ;  and  now  that  by  Dr.  Longmuir, 
A  few  years  ago.  J.  0. 

•HSi?  (5»  S,  iy.  443, 494  ;  v.  17.)— If  in  addition 
to  Jelfa  Grammnr and  Liddell  and  Scott's  Lfcicojij 
which  I  still  hold  to  be  mxfBcient,  your  correspon- 
dent will  look  into  Suidas,  Scapula,  Hedrick,  and 
especittlly  Eustathiiis  upon  Houier,  I  fancy  he  will 
find  that  he  has  made  no  diiicovery.  I  am  appealed 
to  to  explidn  why  the  passage  from  Thucydides 
"was  80  wronj;ly  translated  by  the  famous  Cam- 
bridge Bchohir/'  I  know  not  who  this  "famous 
Cambridge  i«cholar"  may  be»hnt  I  certainly  prefer 
his  rendering  to  that  of  DuirELMENSia.  It  »i,  to  my 
minil»  closer  to  the  orifinnal,  and  le«s  paniphraaiic. 
^1/  Tf.ason  of  the  haired  is  tbc  literal  aenae  of  nar* 
€xOos,  and  surely  "  from  a  feeling  akin  to  hate"  is 
a  more  litend  translation  than  "nrojrinj/  the  enmity 
they  felt  against  the  Lacedit'monians,"  where^  as  I 
reipectfally  submit,  the  word  in  italics  is  an  inter- 
polation quit«  uncalled  for.  Besides,  this  render- 
ing leaves  the  sense  obscure,  and  naturally  suggeists 
the  question— H'Tw  ayowed  their  fnmity^  the 
Ithomite^  or  the  Athenians  ?  Whereas  the  Gr reek 
seems  nnmiatakable — koI  mVois  WO}}yaiot 
Se^cutc^oi  KUT  i\$oi  ty^Tji  To  AaKiSaifxoviun'j  i'i 
NanraK'Toi'  KaTt^Kiaav,  which  I  think  should  be 
rendered,  "  And  oy  reason  of  their  ancient  grad|;e 
acainst  the  Lacedaemonians,  the  Athenians  took 
them  under  their  protection,  and  placed  them  in 
the  city  of  Nuup.ictus/*  But  I  must  ask  your 
oorrespondent  to  look  attain  at  Lvddell  and  IScott, 
and  candidly  to  my  whether  he  does  not  think 
that  his  definition,  or  doctrine,  is  really  covered  by 
what  these  lexicographers  soy  of  tJ5>j  in  its  force  of 
*'the  immediate  past."  They  fjive  as  examples— 
vi'^  TJ^q  T€\€0€t^  'tis  already  nij^ht — //,  7,  282, 
293 ;  y&t/  yap  rptroy  icrrU'  SETo<5—0d,  2,  69  ; 
and  his  oxvn  quotation  from  the  PhihcMts—€To% 
T«6  >]h}  ^ixarov.  A  reperusul  of  Jelfs  article 
confirms  me  in  my  opinion  that  he  pntctically  says 
all  that  Dltjtelmensis  contends  fur^  with  nuich  in 
addition  that  he  does  not  touch  n\>Qn. 

Edmund  Tetv,  M.A. 

IlAnAiftja  Mactrus  (5*^  S.  iv.  268,  315,  389, 
434.)— As  the  passages  from  Deuterouomy  cited 
for  compuriflon  are  at  variance  with  the  Vulgate 
MS.,  and  as  the  initial  and  final  lines  of  the  two 
prolojfues  (no  kindly  copied  by  your  correspondent 
K.  K.)  do  not^  contmry  to  ajl  cxj>ectution,  assist 
in  discovering:  the  date  of  the  version  miopted 
by  the  Iranscriber,  the  humble  biographer  of 
Babanus  Maunis  tinds  himself  at  sea  and  out  of 
ito  depth. 

The  **  Venerabilis  Abbas  Hildivinus  *'  named  in 

the  second  prologue  is  HUduin,  Abbot  of  8L 
Denys,  St.  Germain  des  Prls,  and  BL  M^dord.  ut 
Soissons,  the  iirch-chaplain  of  the  king's  palace,  and 
CJ.  ojficio  the  supreme  head  of  the  clergy  in  the 
kingdom  of  France  (a.d.  814).  HaTittg  aided  and 
abetted  the  rebellion  of  Lotbaire  and  Pepin,  ths 
sons  of  Louis  le  Debonnaire,  Hildnin  was  depri?fd 
in  S20  of  these  preferments  in  the  Chnrch,  aad 
banished  to  Courbey,  in  Saxony.  Aft-er  a  brief 
interval,  he  was  restored  to  favour  and  all  hi* 
ecclesiastical  titles  and  dignities,  thrmii 
iluential  intercession  of  his  former  pupil, 
tingui.shed  prelate  and  ornament  of  the  ULurdi, 
Hincmar,  the  Archbishop  of  Eheims. 

In  his  famous  work,  entitled  Areopa^iiMt 
Hilduin  wrote,  at  the  command  of  the  king,  filtf 
history  of  St,  Dionyaius,  the  founder  of  llli 
monastery,  and  reputed  first  Archbishop  of  Paiii^ 
whom  heidentitied  with  Dionysius  the  Areopogiti 
mentioned  in  Acta  xvii.  34.  This  work,  a  far 
of  fables  and  idle  tales,  obtained  credit  even  to 
seventeenth  centur\',  when  its  follies  were  ejL\ 
by  the  writinjrs  of  Sismond,  the  cfinfesaor 
Louis  XIII.  ;  of  Launoi,  the  learned  critic  ;  awl 
by  other  intelligent  theologians  of  the  period^ 
Hildutn  was  born  towards  the  close  of  the 
century,  and  died  a<d.  642. 

The  question  of  the  birthplace  and  natioi 
of  Ha,banus  Maurus  may  be  set  at  rest  by  qnot 
his  own  words  : — 

"  Audi  E&banum  ipsuin,"  writ^i  Mabillon,  **in  Al 
person^  libros  de  Cruce  Sacro  olTtfrentem  pupie^  et 
60  loquentem. 
"  Ipse  quidem  Frmncua*  gonere  ofit^  atque  incoU  ailTiO 

BochoDise,  hie  inJMus  dtacere  verba  Dei, 
Fuldie  quippej,  quod  oiipidum  in  BttcbrtniA  sitmn 
mon»chufl    erat,  nan  iumen  to  l^i  nutiu,  ttd  *« 
Moguntidf  ut  ip»*  canit  in,    Epitapkio  xwy. — 1 
tif^pulturam  suam  designaverftt  M^^ntict  in 
Sancti  Alt»mi. 
*'  Urhe  qui^m  hAc  ff^nUuMtum,  ac  mcro  fonta  reaatas; 

In  Pulda  post  Iuk  dosma  lacrunn  didici  *' 
(Mtgne,  Patrvloffice  CUTtUM  Complttutt  torn.  107,  p. 
ttuctorc  Hnbilloaio). 

It  luay  be  tus  well  to  mention  that  Ak 
revision  gradually  became  corrupted,  and  in  It 
corrections  were  made  by  Lanfranc  of  Cant 
hury  ;  by  Cardinal  Nicolaus  in  1150  ;  and  by 
Cistercian  Abbot  Stephanas  about  the  same  dal 
Moreover,  in  the  thirteenth  century  (in  Fi 
especially),  ^'C^orrectoria"  were  drawn  up, 
ducing  into  the  text  a  Tariety  of  readings 
sevenu  mistakes,  of  which  Roger  Bacon  jni 
complains,  and  quotes  aglariu':;  error  in  Mark  vi 
3S,  where  "confessus"  bad  been  substitnted 
"confusus."  William  Platt. 

115,  Piccadilly. 

Poets  the  Masters  of  Lawquaok  (4"»  S. 
110  ;  5">  S.  iv.  431,  491  ;  v.  14,  37,  52.)— Asj 

*  Frnncoi  Orientallt. 




iii;jstioii  more  carefully,  I  see  its 

1  must  confess  that,  when  I 

:.ocii£iR,  I  did  not  understand 

n  is  only  an  additional  instance  of 

itdd,  although  I  think  that  I  view 

This  expluini*  my  involuntary 



consider  t 
L'Atreuiie  > 

first  rtnili* 
its  d- 
the  1 
the  K 
pdiiw  i^i  I. 

My  thesi«  w,  however,  still  the  same — that  man 
is  <aij  the  fonniil  cause  of  variations  in  language  : 
tbeidW  he  cannot,  theoretically  speaking,  be 
s  the  tnie  cause  of  a  cbmj^e,  any  more 
a  can  be  said  to  cause  the  deviation  of 
''^''  himself.  For,  on  a  careful  con- 
<»bvious  that  the  tree's  principle  of 
licient  eatise  of  the  divergence,  the 
1  lie  formal  cause  of  it, 
rcfoTt*,  for  the  objective^  indepen- 
dent existence  of  language,  on  which  man  leavea 
hta  impress  without  altering  the  materials  with 
'^^  supplied.    And  it  ia  just  because  no 

i  can  effect  a  change,  that  language  may 

be  s^d  to  Lave  a  apontaneous  growth,  |;overned 
by  fi.xed  laws  juat  as  much  as  any  other  of  nature's 
pTOcesa^ii.  How  else  would  Makhochetr  explain 
the  tict  that  Grimm's  law  is  so  generally  tnie  ? 

rurding  the  question  siibjectively,  masses 

^1  ^  sway  language^  but  only  so  far  as  the 

^  of  any  change  may  be  spoken  of  as 

sun  \' 

the  origin  of  it.  And  yet  they  can  only  do  this 
when  they  act  in  accordance  with  the  laws  of  lan- 
guage. For  let  Makhoctieir  attempt  to  reintro- 
duce an  obsolete  inflection,  let  him  gather  round 
him  others  for  the  same  pnrpoiie,  and  still  failure 
must  enaue.  On  the  other  hjind,  an  MAKRocuKiu 
remarks,  great  men  havii  changed  the  meaning  of 
words,  or  even  obtained  the  rejection  of  an  inflec- 
tion, but  only  when  they  are  followed  by  many 
others,  and  after  a  long  lapse  of  time. 

To  recapitulate,  in  order  to  secure  any  change 
whatsoever  in  language,  it  must — 1.  Be  sanctioned 
by  a  large  tiuniber  of  competent  authorities  ;  2. 
Be  in  accordance  with  the  laws  of  language. 

If  wo  bring  Lord  Byron*«  attempt  before  this 
tribunal,  I  think  that  it  faiLi  in  the  first  requirement 
entirely,  although  it  does  not  violate  the  second. 

Dr.  Gatty  alludes  to  the  misuse  of  will  and 
shall,  and  I  certainl}'  think  that  this  ia  a  case  in 
hand.  Fixiui  Sluikfipeare  downwards  these  words 
have  received  continual  maltreatment,  and  yet  I 
venture  to  say  that  the  beautiful  distinction  in 
meaning  between  the  two  ia  clearer  than  ever. 

Lord  BjTon  was  not  much  given  to  the  use  of 
the  file,  and  I  should  think  that  he  made  a  slip 
when  he  used  hy  intransitively,  W,  H. 

Registrum      Sacroi 
1674-75  (5"^  S.  L  182)  :— 

BaTAVIANUJT,        A.D, 

f          KAiuMofMilioiw. 




of  Con- 



AMlstiDg  PnUtea. 

28   Jolutiuiia  Ueijkamp. 
21    Con»U«DJ«peQdaaI. 




April  28 



TJtreclit,  in 
cbafch  of  8. 
in  church  of 

K.  J,  Binkel.  Bp. 
of  Haarlem,  22. 

J,  Heijkarap,  Abp. 
of  Utrecht,  23. 

K,  J.  Rinkd.  Bp.  of 
Haarlfttn,  2!i ;    J.  H. 
Rcinkeiw,  Bp,  In  Oer- 
muny  (for  the  »'01d 
Catholica  "). 

"  of  my  former  list  of  the  Dutch 
•^  ("!,  I  now  send  the  above  two  8tic- 

oocduig  Lon -4. c rations,  and  may  note  that  Her- 
auius  Hcijkamp,  late  Bishop  of  Deventer,  died 
Oetobf  71,  .aged  70,  at  Rotterdam,  where  j 

Iw  ]!»'  'pal  seat ;  idso  that  his  sQCoesiior 

xa  thai  >. .-.  i.i^hop  Dief>enda,al,  had  been  elected  I 
Abp.  of  FtT^H-ht  by  the  MetropoliUin  Chapter 
Ott^«l».5i,  1J»73,  but  then  declined  the  episcopate, 
CQllUDuing  oi  pastor  of  his  i>arish  at  the  Heliler. 
Thm  Iktitr  pneLata  now  also  succeeds  Arch- 
bUiop  Heijkoiiip  as  pastor  of  Schiedam,  as  hia 
4ioowp  do«fl  Bon^  conUim  any  members  of  the  Jan- 
'rt  rommunioo,  thus  continuing  the  anomal- 
amsgemeot  of  performing  the  duties  of  a 
"^^  pritvt  in  another  diocese,  as  has  been  the 
1  #v#f  ffince  the  revi%'al  of  the  old  see  of 
J^wwi;  he  year   1757,  owing  to  political 

-u  nmdered  it  liaedfuL 

The  bishopric  of  Deventer  was  originally  founded 
May  12,  1559,  its  first  occupant  having  been  Fr. 
Johannes  Mabeuse,  0.  S.  Fr.,  who  was  nominated 
in  1501,  resigned  in  1570,  and  died  May  10, 
1577,  after  which  the  succession  Wfui  as  foDowa  :— 
Fr.  Gillis  de  Monte,  O.  S.  Fr.,  consecrated  Oct.  29, 
1570,  reaigned  May  2C,  1577,  when  Bernard  us 
Heyrinck  sat  there  from  1577  tiU  1579,  and  on  his 
resignation  Mgr.  de  Monte  woa  again  elected, 
Aug.  6,  1587— after  a  vacancy  of  ten  years,  owing" 
to  the  wars  between  the  Dutch  and  Sjxiniards— but 
he  was  finally  removed  from  the  see  Sept.  2,  1588. 
The  next  two  bishops,  Albertus  van  Thill  (elected 
Sept  2, 1588)  and  Gijsbertus  Coeverinx  (elected 
in  November,  1589),  were  not  consecmted,  nor  in 
possession  ;  and  the  episcopal  see  of  Deventer 
ceased  to  exist  in  1590,  on  the  establishment  of 
Calvinism  in  Holland  (cf  BaJtavixi.  8Qcta,  ^^\V,  '^- 
F.  Heiisaeii,  Lejden,  Vi\%  *^  ^^*  ^^  "a\A<i«vi- 



IS"  S.  V.  Jut.  22, 7«. 




Episcopatih  DaraiiTunsU,  Cologne,  1G70).  Since 
tlif*  restoration  of  the  bishopric  by  the  JimKenist 
Church  there  have  been  six  occupants  of  the  titular 
dignity,  including  the  lost  consecrated  ;  and  the 
p;»storsil  staff  presented  to  the  Dew  bishop,  during 
the  ceremony  of  hia  conwcnition,  on  Nov.  17, 
ijossessed  a  epecial  interest  as  having  belotitfed  to 
Mgr.  de  Monte,  T*'ho  waa  of  Deventer 
thiec  centuries  ago  (as  notifd  above),  and  who  may 
be  con.^idercd  the  hiat  regularly  consecrated 
pojiseasor  of  the  dignity.  The  chief  point  of  in- 
terest in  the  consecration  of  Bp,  Diependaal  is 
that  it  is  the  first  instance  of  three  bishops  having 
taken  part  in  the  consecration  of  a  prelate  of  the 
Jansenist  succession  iince  the  schism  of  1723, 
when  the  Church  of  Holland  sepamted  from  the 
Koman  obedience  (cf.  Guardian,  Kov.  24,  1875). 

A.  S.  A. 

St.  JoHKPn  (rj*"^  S.  iv.  15n,)— The  statement  to 
which  EccLESiASTicus  refers  h  in  Epiphtiniiis^ 
HfTr,  78j  cap.  vii,,  ami  is  to  the  effect  that  Jacob, 
father  of  St.  Joseph,  was  called  Pan th era,  and 
that  St,  Joseph  himself,  and  hia  brother  Cleopaa, 
bore  the  Parae  title.  But  St,  John  Damascene 
(Ik  Fide  OrihotJorjj^  iv.  15}  gives  the  name  Pan- 
tbera  to  a  (\  uite  differen  t  man.  Ho  makes  Pantheni 
to  be  a  brother  of  Mclrht  (St,  Luke  iii,  24),  and 
rrrandfather  to  Joacbim,  the  B.  V.  M.'s  father. 
EccLKSiASTrcus  will  lind  both  theae  statements 
f]Uoted  bv  Dr  Mill  ((hi  FanUieutic  PrincipliAj 
ii.  \m,  1S9).  C.  F.  S.  Warrex,  M.A. 


Morja^an  Kavanapjb,  in  hia  Origin  of  Lauffvafff 
and  Mtjflu!^  atntes  *'  that  the  Jew.q,  in  their  Talmud, 
5ay  thiit  the  name  of  Je^us  was  Bar-Panther."  Ho 
also  stales  that  the  learned  antitpiary,  Dr.  Stukeley, 
*'  inforuia  us  thiit  the  ftimily  name  of  Chriat'a  foater- 
fttthcr  WAS  Panther,"  Morgan  Kavanngh  argues 
from  I  his  the  truth  of  hh  etyniolog}',  Viz.,  that 
*'  Bur- Panther  ia  equal  to  Car-TPanther,  hence  car- 
penter." See  Origin  of  Langutigc  and  Mtffh^, 
vol  il  pp.  186,  187,  181>.  Wm.  Heank. 

Watch  Seals  (5"*  S.  iv.  450.)— I  am  afraid 
that  devices  on  watch  seals  are  but  broken  reeds 
on  which  to  lean  as  authorities  for  henddic  pre- 
tensions, and  that  "  a  dove  volant,  with  an  olive 
brancli  in  its  mouth,"  or  any  other  bird,  e.<*peci:illy 
if  not  berddiaiUy  treated,  can  in  itself  have  no 
value  in  thia  way,  though  doubtless  it  may  suggest 
interciitinj!  inquiry.  J.  T.  F. 

Hatfield  Hall,  DuVliam. 

The  devices  upon  Mr.  Bkale's  seala  are  amongst 
the  nio^st  common  of  the  time  when  wax  had  not 
been  superseded  by  the  use  of  adhesive  envelopes. 
Probability  points,  therefore,  to  their  being  neither 
heraldic  nor  lOMonic,  but  merely  seals  which  have 
^eeit  pttivhased  re&dy  engraved.     I  am  informed 

that  »t  was  very  general  to  buy  seak  with  tlgurw 
already  upon  them,  and,  as  any  collector  can  tell, 
cornucopiiP,  doves  volant,  forget-me-nots,  and  such 
like  abound.  There  is»  however^  one  wny  of  det«r^| 
mininjS  whether  the  devices  are  or  are  not  heraldic,,! 
which  is  by  the  ab&ence  or  presence  of  the  wreath^ 
which  accompaniea  a  crest.  Of  course  there  an\ 
plenty  of  instances  where  the  engraver  has  omitt 
the  wreath,  but  the  above  is  a  pretty  safe  rule  la| 
go  by.  James  Yuuno,  Jun. 


Archdeacons'  Seals  (5^^  S.  iv.  327,  352,  378,] 
301 J  v.  16.)— In  answer  to  Lord  Alwtxe  ComptoK|| 
I  can  yfcate  that  Bishop  Bateraan  of  Korwich  impaled 
Iiis  own  anus  with  those  of  his  see  at  a  very  mncli 
earlier  date  than  that  at  which  he  supi>oses  the 
custom  be^in.  This  bishop  founded  Trinity  Hdl,] 
Cambrid|;e,  and  I  believe  that  documents  of  ' 
fifteenth  century  exist  there  with  the  imj 

The  Palace,  Buitenzorg,  Java. 

SnAKSPEARE's  Seal  Bixg  (5*^  S.  iv.  224, 
— I  am  obliged  to  admit  that  I  have  been 
misled  with  regard  to  what  is  c;dled  Sbakiii 
sea!  rin|T  Isy  the  woodcut  in  F:;irholt's  Ktimf 
an  Arch(vologistf  p.  135.      Supiwaing  it  to  rej 
sent  the  ring  itself,  as  it  appears  to  do,  and  not 
impression  from  it,  I  wa.s  at  a  hm  to  iindei 
how  a  rinitjj  on  whicli  letters  were  cut  as  if  1 
were  to  bo  read  on  the  ring  and  not  on  the 
pression,  could  be  a  true  aignct-ring.     Now  that! 
liod  Fairholt^s  cut  represents  the  impression  onlyij 
my  initial  difficulty  is  removed.     It  is,  therefore, 
not   imponnbh  that   W.    S.  may  mean   WUlin"'^ 
Shakspeare.     To  moke  it  probable  requires  mc 
evidence  than  we  possess  at  present, 

W.  Aldis  Wright. 

Trtnily  College,  Ciunbridge. 

'*WiLiB  BEGUILE"  {&^  S.  iv.  144.)— Ifl  add 
tion  to  the  proof  I  formerly  gave  of  this  bebg^l 
proverbial  phrase,  used  by  Dr.  John  Harvey  ixoal 
Njiah,  and  therefore  not  referring  to  the  later  pl*fj 
of  Wily  Jkguikd  (from  which  Shakspeare  wit*] 
once  supposed  to  have  pilfered),  I  now  ;idd 
quotation  from  R.  Bernard's  Terence  in  Englit 
p.  Ill,  ed.  1G07,  of  which  the  first  edition  was 
1698  :— 

"  FntMratur  ipsftU*i,  he  deceiaes  Wiraaelfe,  he  pkjet 
%pUie  ht§v.iie  hiniflelfe,*' 

The  phrase  arose  doubtless  as  "Master  Wi 
(the  wily  man)  beguile  himself." 


"  Mind  your  Ps  and  Qs  "  (l"^  S.  iii.  iv.  x 
passim).  In  addition  to  the  several  suggestion* 
the  origin  of  the  above  phrase,  I  have  just  " 
another  one  sent  me,  by  a  lady  who 
resident  for  many  years  in  France',  as  follows 

5»a.V.  Ja)|.2?,7«.3 



**  Tnokch  yw  for  so  long  the  Iceal  latif^uAge,  entirely 
or  in  liftrt,  tTint  tLecftUtioii  luight  haTebeen  niven  in  stftt- 
i  I  cause,  '  Mind  you  are  ready  with  tbo 

/  ,*?  powryMo*'  i»  lisked'— be  ready  with 

}  i  .jdo  '  for  the  '  *vliy?'     I  think  the 

I  cd  but  a3  regards   conTerE4i.iioii, 

random^  we  must  rotnember  our 
Fft  uui  (.^A.     *  T*ke  core  what  jou  taj,  mind  your  Fa 

D.  C.  H 

Strawbsert  Leaves  on  Ducal  Coronets 
^'i"*  8.  ii.  129.) — Whenever  there  is  any  BAtis- 
fiictory  autboritj  for  helievjng  that  the  trefoil 
tfonU  oroaments  of  dueal  coronets  ore  Mraicberry 
leave*,  it  mar  he  worth  while  to  ask  why  they 
were  Et?Jected  for  that  purpoKe.  At  present  I 
know  of  none.  They  have  been  popularly  con- 
sidered :i8  fitriiW berry  leaves  ever  since  the  sLx- 
teeoth    century,    but    their    first    appearance    is 

rbttbly  on  the  crown  of  Henr>'  IV.,  on  his  effigy 
Ciinterbury  Cathedrnb  The  renlly  interesting 
fj'v  •'  ••  ■«!  why  and  on  whose  authority  they  were 
•  I    JtlratiUrrtt   leave^j.      Can   a   botanist 

p..>..  ,[  no  other  leaf  which  nii«;bt  eqtialfy 
ncsemhle  the  tlorat  ornament  so  dcsij^^nated  by  the 
henUda,  eircrt  15CKj— certainly  not  earlier,  and  it 
Biay  be  ffome  fifty  years  kt«r  ?       Fred.  Rule. 

DiL  Hosier's  **Bibliotiikca  Uniyeiisalib 
AMtBlCANA^  (5*^  S.  iv.  288.)— This  library  pos- 
■aaiia  a  neat  and  exact  transcript,  in  ei^bt  qmirto 
Tohimei,  of  this  unpublished  work.  Dr.  Hoinery 
cr  ■  '  "TS.  is,  or  ought  to  Ije,  in  the  libnirj'  of 
I'  iir  Thomas  Phillips.     Another  unpub- 

1  k  of  the  same  character  is — 

'ca  Americana  :  Catalogo  do  los  autorea  que 

^  de  la  America  en  direrentcs  idionoiai  y  no- 

t  vida  J  patria,  afioa  en  niue  ti v  tenon  y  obiaa 

I  on ;  compuo^ta  por  el  Mariscal  de  Cauipo 

1  de  Alcodo,  Gobcrnadgr  de  la  Phiza  do  Aa 

<  dc  iwrr 

iiiiujs  a  closely  written  folio  of  1300  pages. 

'  h  well  known  as  the  author  of  a  Diccion- 

'^^nji^ro-  Hiitorico  de  las  Indian  Occideiitaies 

(English  by  G.  A.  Thompson,  Lond., 

.     ._     .      .  WlLLARD    FlSKE* 

labrvrj  of  the  Cornell  UniTeraity,  Ithucji,  U.S. 

Pi!  1 1 


MO    k 

.ADELrniA  Authors  (5**^  S.  iv.  467,)— Mr. 

Ke*?«,  if  I  miittake  not,  is  now  alive.     He 

K  written  a  Life  o/Edtcin  Forrest,  pub- 

I'etersen  &  Co.,  and  a  volume  on  ^7(x*fc- 

iii'i  the  Biik,  published  by  Claxton,  Rem- 

JHatfelfin^er,      Through  either  of    these 

I  suppose  Mr,  Eees  could  be  communiokted 

He  would  probably  be  glad  to  give  Mb. 

:iOj  Information  in  his  possession. 

J.  Braider  Matthews, 
Cliibv  y.Y. 

CttiumcAB  Mummers   (5**   S,   iv,  5i>6.)— If 
'  K  will  nifer  lo  b^^  S.  iii.  37ftftHriMii(i  that 

Taie^  and  TTnditions  of  Tetkhy  (whicii  he  quotes  at 
second  hand  from  the  Booh  of  Dai/^)  in  ftot  an 
**  old  work/'  and  that  an  account  of  the  Christmaj* 
phiy  at  Tenby  hai?  already  been  ^jiven  by  nie  in 
*'K.  &  i^."  May  I  again  miery  whether  this 
ancient  sport,  alive  in  1857,  still  survive  I 

MiD&Lfi  Templar. 

WiuTTON  Family  (5*^  S.  iv.  60,  457.)— In 
Potter's  Hint,  of  Cfmriwood  Forest^  1842,  p,  93, 
it  some  information  regarding  Geoffry  Whatton. 

A,  H.  B. 

"  MiLToxis  EnsTOLA  ad  Pollionem  "  (O'**  S. 
iv.  511.)- Dr.  William  King,  of  Ch.  Ch.  Oxford, 
whose  works  were  published  in  three  vols,,  1774, 
was  born  in  London,  16U3,  aijd  died  in  1712.  Dr. 
William  Kinrft  Princiml  of  St,  Mary  Hali,  Oxford, 
author  of  MiltonU  Episiula  nd  Pollionem y  was 
born  at  Stepney,  16S5,and  died  in  17tJ3.  Lowndes 
confuses  the  two  authors,  so  also  does  a  corresi>on- 
dent  of  "  N.  &  Q.,"  5'^  S.  iii.  275.  I  have  no  copy 
of  Watt's  BiUiotheca  by  me,  but  I  think  the  works 
of  the  two  authors  are  there  properly  sepamtcd. 
W.  H.  Allxutt. 


"  TuE  Present  State  of  London  "  (5">  S,  v. 
9,) — This  is  probably  an  edition  of  a  book  by 
Robert  Burton,  who,  under  that  nauke,  and  us 
liichard  Burton  and  Nathaniel  Crouch,  issued  so 
many  amusing  booki?,  of  the  Thintp  vot  iten&fally 
Knotnt  stamp.  The  first  edition  is  entered  in 
the  Bodleian  Catalogue  us  Hi^iorical  Itnnarqnes 
and  Observations  of  the  Ancient  and  Pruent  »Stnte 
of  London  and  Wtidminjiterf  8vo.,  Lond.,  1081. 
Another  edition  now  before  me,  "  Printed  for  A. 
Betterworth  and  Charles  Hitch,  173f>/*  is  called 
A  Nciv  Vicu\  and  Observations  on  the  An^iciit 
tijid  Modern  Stuie  of  London  and  ^i'l^Mmin^tcTf 
itc.  It  contains  the  woodcuts  described  by  Mr. 
Patterson.  C.  W.  Sutton, 

^loas  GroTC  Terrace,  Manchester. 

[See&'^S.iv,  106.1 

Irish  Pronunciation  of  Esolisii  Words  {o^ 
S,  v.  25.) — I  have  long  held  the  same  opinion  as 
Mr,  Cooak  puts  forward  on  this  point.  **  The 
uneducated  Irish,"  especially  those  who  conversed 
in  their  native  lanrruagje,  remained  uninfluenced 
by  the  capricious  chumies  of  fashion,  which  are 
constantly  altering:;  the  Kni'libh  tongue.  This  baa 
led  me  to  agree  with  Dr.  Johnf«on's  opinion,  quoted 
by  Walker,  aa  to  the  more  frequent  quiescence  of 
the  letter  k  in  former  time*?.  Some  words  (eg, 
hospital,  humble)  used  never,  till  btely,  to  be 
sounded  with  the  aspirate  h.  I  can  hardly  believe 
that  all  the  words  beginning  with  h  in  the  au- 
thorized version  of  the  Bible,  which  have  the 
article  an  prefixed,  were  aspirdted  when_lhe  tiaBS* 
lation  was  ma<' 



[j's.  v.jAii.a;T«, 


L09D0ir  Brtoob  (5*  S,  t,  0.)— The  tithes  of 
the  houses  on  old  London  Bridge  were  paid  to  the 
Bector  of  St.  Mikgnua'.  J.  Charles  Cox. 

KusftSJf  ATic  (5«>»  S.  ir.  449.)— The  1797  hroad- 
rini  penniei  and  twopenny  pieces  of  George  III. 
are  well-known  and  coDimoa  coins.  Tbey  are  of 
exactly  iiniilar  design,  and  weigh  1  oz.  and  2  oz. 
respectively.  The  twopence  was  in  common  circu- 
lation, but  occara  only  with  the  date  of  1797.  It 
waJi  made  current  by  proclamation  of  July  26, 
1797,  and  the  word  "  soao  "  (in  minute  letters  on 
the  rocks  on  the  reverse)  shows  thj^t  the  coin  was 
struck  at  Boul ton's  celebrated  Soho  Mint,  near 
Birrainghara,  The  initial  '*  k"  on  the  hunt  is  that 
of  Kughler,  a  German  die-sinker,  in  Boulton's 
employ.  The  twopenny  pieces,  nkhoiigh  not  often 
met  with,  were  actimlly  In  ctrcnUilton  until  about 
18C1-62,  when  all  the  old  copper  coins  were  called 
in,  Henry  W.  Hbsfbet. 

"  FrRsnwG  ''  (S*^  S.  ir.  428.)— "After  firmiji^ 
ap  to  lo^d."  "Firming"  in  this  sense  is  not  an 
Americaniflm.  J,  Brander  Matthews. 

LotM  Club,  N.Y. 

R,    BrASBOK,  THK   EXECTUTHINER   (5'*^  S.  V.  46.) 

— I  direct  your  correspondent  to  77te  Con/fiMion 
of  n,  Branflon,  Brit.  Mm.  LiK,  K  561/14  ;  An 
Exact  and  Impart  (a!  Arcompt,  &c.,  E.  1047/3  j 
The  Lant  Will  and  Testament  of  R.  Braiuloti,  &c., 
E.  rjfU/12  :  A  Diahijue,  &c.,*66D,  f.  14/51;  A 
LdtcT  Hint  out  of  Hoilaml,  &c.,  E.  121/42  ;  The 
HantjmaTC*  Jo »/,*&€:,  E.  1842  2  ;  also,  E.  1046/10, 
p.  12  ;  nnd  in  the  Catalogue  of  Satirical  Prints  in 
the  British  Museum,  Nos.  760,  761,  762.  There 
is  a  curious  reference  to  this  Brandon,  t.<*.  Richard^ 
the  son  of  Gregory,  the  still  more  famous  "aonl- 
sender,"  m  they  called  him,  in  Amity's  Eeguier  of 
the  Oarttr,  1724,  ii.  399,  a  case  no't  without  its 
fellow  in  a  recently  related  tale  of  the  ambition  of 
one  of  iha  family  of  Sanson,  those  hereditary 
princes  of  the  axe.  F.  G.  Stephens. 


"  St.  iRvrNE  \  OR,  tbb  Rosicuuciak  "  (5*^  S.  v, 
2D),  i^  a  juvenile  production  of  Shelley's,  which 
critics  are  a^eed  upon  regarding  as  rubbiah,  but 
which  has  been  preserved  by  what  Mr.  Swinburne 
<»lLs  the  "evil  fideh'ty  "  of  scjim?  of  the  pwet's  early 
frienda.  *Sf.  Irvyne  was  reprinte<l,  with  Shelley's 
name,  by  Hazlitt  in  vol,  iii.  of  Tkt  Noveliat^  and 
it  hiLs  been  more  lately  included  in  a  very  incorrect 
edition  of  some  of  81ielley*8  works  iiuued  by  the 
late  John  Camden  Hotten,  H.  B,  F. 

«  Nes?  "  (5^*  S.  17.  2G5  ;  v.  56.1— It  ta  astound- 
ing to  learn  that  this  wor»l  is  Irish,  and  signiEea 
d«ith  !  There  are  in  Yorkshire  at  legist  a  dozen 
promontories  (and  inland  villages  on  promontories) 
called  Kess,  and  the  Na/e  of  Norway,  and  the 

Naze  in  Essex  ;  Dungenesa,  Sheenie5»,  &c. 
means  "  nose  "  (Dunnose),  W.  G, 

Pre-Reeormation  Church  Plate  (5**  S.  t. 
48.)— Mr.  Ind  will  find  some  old  church  plat^  ai 
Stonyhurst,  at  Ush.iw,  and,  I  think,  in  tne  poir 
session  of  Cardinal  Miinning.  There  ought  to  ba 
Bome  at  Durham  Cathedral.  If  he  writes  to 
presidents  of  the  above-named  colleges  they 
give  him  every  infornmtion.  W.  G.  ToDD, 

"  Fxtrmett"  (ft"*  S.  iv.  46, 95, 130,  238,  296. 
"Fromety"  or  "fTumety"  (fnimentum)  is,  or 
lately  was,   eaten    on    the  village    feast-day 
Chideock  (or  Chidiock)  in  Dorsetshire,     It 
made  of  boiled  wheat,  milk,  and  raisins, 

F.  A.  WS.IX 

Government  Hoa»e,  Hobut  Town,  Tumanta. 

Hamoaxe  (5**  S.  iv.  349,  396.)— The  1 
ing  is  quoted  from  the  curious  work  of  the 
trie  G*oj^  Dyer  of  Exeter,  bookseller  and 
quarian,  A  EcstoTaiion  af  the  Aneit^nl  Modi$ 
B^stotcing  jV(itn«  .  .  .  Exeter,  1805,  p,  75  :- 

*' Ilamoie^  the  harbor  of  this  rirer,  is  tmnsUtod 
*Oozy  Hobitatjoo.'    As  we  proceed  we  iiuprov*.— 1 
Plym  was  the  '  rolling  water.      The  water  ht?r©  la  c 
dered  the  '  Ooty  Habitution  ! '    But  the  lUrivation 
thii}  ^ao  hurbor  ta  the  same  as  the  Oute  in  Yorl 
and  comes  from  ad  changed  to  ojt,  aus,  and  oia  wateKn 
IIa»if  which  has  been  uhown  to  mean  border,  hat 
derived  from  A  mm  on  ;  and  Tillagefl  having  been  hxdVti 
hamn,  and  the  word  faund  in  their  naiues^  it  hath 
rendered  villapfe,  town,  &c.      llamos^  and   the 
however,  mean  the  border  water.    The  first  xu 
perhaps  adopted  by  Athelitan.  when  thia  river  w 
the  boundary  between  the  ComiBb  and  the  Saxom 
it  ieems  to  bo  a  Saxon  tranalation  of  Ttimer,^' 

Tamer  he  had  already  shown  to  be  derived 
ianif  Gaelic  for  stream,  and  ar,  great,  or  tir, 



Title  of  "  Right  Honourable  "  (5**  S^ 
328,  496  ;  iv.  274.)— This  title  (as  I  was  once 
formed  by  one  well  instnicted  in  the  matter) 
always  applied  to  a  **  lord  "  ;  anj'  one  by  right 
courtesy  addressed  as  "  lord  "  (this  or  that)  shon 
be  addressed,  if  a  layman,  as  "  Right  Honourab' 
if  a  bishop  "  Right  Reverend."     Members  of 
Privy  Council  are  all  "  Right  Honourables," 
cause,  whether  peers  or  civilians,  the  title  ia  ** " 
of  H.M.  Privy  Council."  C. 

Rev,  Dr.  George  Walker  {5^^  S.  ii.  247  ; 
56,    193  I    iv.    275.)— Looking    over    the    thi 
volume  of  the  present  series,  I  find  I  have, 
some    means,    omitted    hitherto    noticing    M 
Pioott's  query  relative  to  Mrs-  5Iaxwell  of  Fa 
land.     My  authority  for  the  statements  at 
of  that  volume  was  the  memorial  of  the  deed 
conveyance   to  Mr.  Conyngliam,  which  I  fc 
long  ago  in  the  othce  for  the  Registry  of 




^,,  in  DiiliUn,  The  deed  was  registered  in  the 
year  1"  '   ok  61,  p.  24-1. 

To  \ub  sUtemenLs  there  may  be  one  of 

ttro  exyinuniioiisiif  either  tkit  Sir  Bernard  Burke 
vnA  milled  by  the  account  received  froui  the  Max- 
well family,  «r  else  that  the  faxher  of  the  fuioous 
QOTemor  of  Derry  w:us  himself  9,  doctor  of 
^vinitT.  I  should  s&y  the  Litter  is  very  probably 
the  rood  one.  T.  S.  M. 

HsvsLT  Clarfk,  LL,1>.  (5«»  S,  ill  307,  414, 
517  :  i?.  318  ^  v.  36.)— Many  years  ago  I  knew  a 
Miss  Clftrke,  who  was  the  daughter  of  Dr,  Henry 
Clarke ;  she  used  to  visit  one  of  my  friends.  I 
veil  remember  her  talking  about  the  wonderful 
at4ainmeDt>>  of  her  father  ;  amongst  other  things 
she  said  he  knew  no  lesR  than  twenty  langiiages, 
Bud  often  allowed  himself  only  two  hours'  sleep 
«0kch  night  for  months  together.  Dr.  Clarke  must 
lUkTe  died  very  poor,  for  she  hsid  to  keep  a  day- 
school  for  her  maintenance.  I  have  some  recollec- 
t  mentioning  a  brother  or  brothers.     I 

L I  were  in  the  army,  and  lived  in  Canada, 

MLis  CUrke  died  some  time  aince  unmarried. 

Tlija  1  idy  hnd  a  *«ter^  who  married  a  Mr.  Jo- 
nath  t  Dissenting  minister,  who  kept  a 

Ijo.-ir  for  boys  in  a  town  in  the  West 

1'  '     •   ;  bat  eventually  he  became 

t  I y  at  Harf^urheys,  near  Man- 

cia  -u  r,  aii'i   i   (»«iieve  died  there.     Mrs.  Wood 
ba<i   a  son  and  daughter  ;   the  son'H   name    was 
•     ' '  *'       \f  they  are  living^,  they  might  be  able  to 
information  respecting  their  maternal 

f   -ifitera,  like  many  other  chUdren  of 
!  ri,  h;id  not  had  the  privilege  of  receiving 

I  an  ordinary  education.  What  Dr. 
iiy«ique  may  have  been  1  do  not  remem- 
V  c  heard  his  daiij^hters  say,  but  both 
-  were  remarkiibly  short,  jiiat  something 
I.  ;i   Iw^rf*.  H.  E.  Wilkinson. 

BuAStsti  Hakds  (5«*  S.  iv.  487  ;  v.  15.)— I 
ksow  not  how  it  nuiv  have  been  in  France,  but  in 
Germany  >  m  certainly  prevailed  before 

ibe  lime   i  i    by  Ellcee.      In  Schiller'-s 

Jlauber  and  KaintU  vnd  Licbt^  for  instance,  thia 
■uodc  of  greeting  is  used  by  the  dramatu  ptnoius^ 
not  aa  anylhixig  new,  but  as  a  fjiuuiliar  custom. 

F.  McP. 

Giiai:t»  (5»*  8.  iv.  405,  45C.)— I  became  ac- 
{^uaiiiled  with  this  word  at  Whitby,  some  years 
Mnor,  fuid,  doubting  whether  it  could  be  cor- 
ncUy  dencTibed  as  "  a  common  name  for  a  narrow 
ftieti,"  1  applied  to  Mr.  RobinBon,  of  Whitby— by 
tAi  the  hat  anthority  for  the  meaning  of  words 
tiled  r  ice — and  he  informs  me  that  it  is 

**  A  Cu  r  *np,  opening  at  the  aide  of  a  long 

V  Bsaifi  J^U«^&,  and  going  down  to  the  sea  or  har- 

bour beach.'*    The  word  is  only  applied  to  those 

rBsoges  which  lead  to  the  harbour  ;  and,  as  Cir  as 
can  discover,  it  is  used  in  no  other  place  in 
England.  But  in  India  it  is  applied  in  a  &i»uhtr 
manner  to  the  approachea  to  the  Ganges. 

As  Whitby  has  long  been  famed  for  its  sciunen 
(of  whom  Captain  Cook  was  one),  I  at  first  thought ' 
that  the  word  might  have  been  introduced  from 
India  ;  and  possibly  that  may  have  been  the  case. 
But  aa  the  word  has  long  been  used  at  Whitby,  I 
doubted  whether  that  was  so  ;    and  as  Aiabi 
words  are   used  in  India,  and  **  there  arc  man] 
Arabic  words  in  EngliBh'^  {Quart,  .Ret*.,  Oct.,  1&7J 
p.  4.'i2),  I  searched  Golius's  Arab.  Xcr.,  and  thei 
I  found  an  Anibic  word,  the  English  pronunciation 
of  which  may  be  "ghaut"  or  "gaut,"  and  the 
meaning  of  which  may  be  a  low  or  hollow  placet 
into  which  a  person  may  descend  out  of  sight ;  ana*i 
as  every  one   descending  a  ^haut  to   a   harbour 
would  go  down  out  of  the  sight  of  those  above,  it 
struck  me  that  this  might  cause  the  n.ame  to  be 
given  to  such  places.    Since  this  occurred  to  me,  I 
have  discovered  that  the  word  is  prop?rly  appli- 
cable to  the  passes  which  lead  from  the  summita 
of  the  mountains   in   India  down   to  the  plains 
beneath.     This  application  of  the  word  is  quite 
consistent  with   the  supposition  that  it  may  be 
derived  from  the  Arabic  word. 

GoU,  with  its  various  spellings  of  goyit,  goiU^  &&, 
is  weJl  known  ;  it  means  a  ditch,  sluice,  gutter,  op , 
channel,  made  for  the  purpos«j  of  conveying  water  1 
silong  it,  and  for  no  other  purpose  (Jacob,  L,  IK; 
Kelham,  JVorni.  D. ;  Ash,  McL,  &c.).  W.  (J.  cpiite 
correctly  gives  one  instmce  of  its  application  to 
**  the  channel  which  takes  the  water  from  the  mdl- 
wheel  back  to  the  main  stream."  It  is  commonly 
found  among  the  general  words  in  conveyances  of  j 
water-mills,  in  company  with  words  of  similar 
meaning  ;  such  as  m-ce  or  leat^  "  a  trench  for  con* 
veying  water  to  or  from  a  mill"  (Bailey,  Diet), 
InDngdale's  Imbunhing^  p.  243,  cited  by  Halli- 
well,  **  two  new  gotes  for  drayning  the  waters  out 
of  South  Holand  and  the  fens  "  are  mentioned. 
The  clear  distinction  between  ijoU  and  ghaut  is, 
that  got€  is  always  used  to  denote  some  i^assage  for 
water,  and  never  a  passage  for  persons  ;  and  fjhant 
is  always  used  to  denote  a  p;wsage  for  jiersons,  and 
never  a  passage  for  water.  It  c4innot,  therefore,  be 
that  gkaut  is  another  form  of  goU.         C.  8.  G. 

Compare  "GowtB,"a  term  applied  at  Saltfleetby 
in  Lincolnshire  to  a  set  of  trap^doors,  raiseii  by, 
chains  on  rollers,  for  letting  the  water  out  of  the* 
higher  level  in  a  large  drain  into  a  lower  ;  the 
name  of  a  church  in  Lincoln,  near  the  river — "*  St. 
Peter's  at  Gowts "  ;  and  **  St.  Cuthbert'a  Gut,"  a 
nanow  rocky  channel  in  Fame  Iskad. 

J.  T.  F. 

Hatfield  Ball.  Durham. 

The  Aryan  or  Sanskrit  verb  gd,  to  go,  is  written 


[5**  S,  V.  Ja».  22,  '7$, 

without  an  A,  and  ghdtf  a  nioimtaiu  or  river  pxsiSj 
with  one  ;  therefore  if  gh^iuty  us  us<?d  in  Whitby, 
is  a  mis-spelling'  of  the  Saxon  r/caf,  it  was  probahly 
carried  from  Europe  iiit<>  India  suhspquent  to  the 
Crusades  but  prior  to  the  MMhabhiimtsi,  towards 
the  end  of  the  fifteenth  and  beginninfr  of  the  six- 
teenth oenturies.  E.  R.  VV.  Ellis. 
StarcroBf,  near  Exeter. 

About  half  a  mile  from  Cockermouth,  and  con- 
tiguous to  Papeastle,  is  sltuatfjd  a  large  mill,  koown 
na  the  Goat  Mill.  This'waa,  no  doubt,  the  baro- 
ninl  mill  when  Piparcfa  Castle,  of  which  the  present 
name  of  tlio  villa<;e  is  a  corruptioEj  existed  on  the 
siteof  the  ancient  Roman  fortress.  Pipards  *.*iistle 
was  dbniivntlcd  and  aV>;mdoned  in  favour  of  Cocker- 
mouth  Castle  not  later  than  the  fourteenth  century, 
This  gives  considerable  antiquity  to  the  mill,  but 
other  circumstances  lead  nie  to  believe  that  it  in  ay 
be  contemporary  with  tlie  Roman  occupation. 
Beckman  proves  the  pre-media;val  origin  of  water 
corn-mdls,  ami  I  should  be  glad  to  learn  whether 
any  exint  which  may,  with  some  degree  of  proba- 
bility, be  ascribed  to  the  Koraan  em. 

Wm.  jACKsoy. 

Possibly  EnonAcUM  may  not  havo  frot  at  the 
origin  of  the  word  tjhmd  in  his  quotation  from 
Young.  The  woni  ghat  means,  in  Hindi'u^tilni,  a 
piece  of  water  enclosed  and  built  round.  Thu.^  we 
should  say  in  India  '' Dhobee-Ghaut,"  literally 
th€  WiUihcrman's  washing- place.  I  have  seen  a 
place  thua  named,  and  the  word  I  think  has  a 
wider  acceptation.  In  Youngs  quotation  I  see 
the  word  tjote  is  used  in  the  sense  of  an  enclosure 
of,  or  defence  againat,  water  ;  possibly,  therefore, 
the  root  may  be  the  .^ame.  Or  the  natna  may  have 
been  got  accidentally  hiter,  and  per^'erted  in  its 
application  to  a  utreet.  Sonic  time  agO;^  in  Devon- 
smre,  I  heard  a  fiirmcr  use  the  word  "  catamanm  " 
contemptuously  of  something  very  rickety  and 
unsafe,  and  found  out  afterwards  that  he  hacl  used 
the  name  of  the  most  rickety  and  perilous  of  boata, 
A  raft  used  by  the  natives  in  which  to  take  out  fruit 
to  ships  at  Bombay.  Hopklkss, 

Louise  Latf.\u  (r»">  S.  iv.  513  ;  v.  55,)— I  can 
add  one  more  item  to  the  bibliography  of  '*  the 
rayatic  of  Bois  dHaine "  which  appeared  at  the 
last  reference,  namelr,  the  opening  article,  entitled 
*'  La  Maladie  des  Myitiquca— Louise  Late^u/'  of 
No.  41  (10  Avril),  2*  Serie,  4'  Annee,  of  the  R(vne 
i^ckniifiqiitf  published  by  G.  Baillitre.  The  ar- 
ticle extends  over  eleTen  pages,  etich  of  two 
columns,  of  the  above  periodical, 

J.  C.  Galtoit,  F.L,S. 

The  late  Joseph  Clark  of  Hfll  (5**"  S.  iv, 
44D,  495.) — This  querj*  nppears  to  have  been 
answered  under  a  mistake  aa  to  the  individual  in 
question.     I  haw  collected  the  following  parti> 

culars!,  which  are  authentic,     Jlr.  Joseph  C^lurk 
(not  Jarae.^)  was  one  of  the  orijjinal  proprietors  of 
the  Hull  Theatre,     He  was  born  about  a  century 
ajjo.     He  enjoyed  the  friendship  and  acquainf m  ■ 
of    the    celebrated    Tate    Wilkinj«on,    the    tlder 
Mathew.-*,  and  rar^ny  other  notabilities  of  the  time. 
His  collection  of  playbills  and  theatrical  memo-^ 
randa  wag  the  most  extensive  and  curious  in  tl 
North  of  EngLind.     Ainonfrst  them  u-as  said  to 
the  correspondence  between  Tate  Wilkinson 
his  actor.s,  and  other  matters  connected  with 
engiigement,     Mr,  Joseph  Cbrk  also  prepai 
extensive    catalogue    of    the    Hull    Subsci 
Librory,  a  work  of  great  labour.      He 
mathematical  editor  of  the  Jhdl  Hocking) 
f^reat   Libornl   newspiiper  in   ita   day,  but 
years  defuuct.     He  died  about  twenty  years 
upwards  of  eighty  years  of  age.   He  wtis  a  gentle 
of  independent  mean.-i  and  a  bachelor.      He 
his  collection  of  playbiJls  and  memoranda  to 
late   Mr.    Robert    Bowf?er,  trea.<surer  of   the 
Hull  Theatre,   after  whoi^e  deafh,  in  1873, 
were  eoM  by  auction  in  Hull.     The  greater  port 
the  playbills   was    purchivsedj    I    believe, 
gentleman  of  Burton,  Lincolnshire,  and    I 
that  some  of  them  hnve  stnc4?  come  into  the 
«ion  of  Mr.  Gnnnell  Leonard  Street,  Hull, 
a  great  collector  of  playbills  and   local   '. 
The  Mr.  Clark  of  Anlaby  is  a  totally  dil 
person.      As  thi^*  gentleman  happens   to 
present  librarian  of  the  Hull  Subscription  Lil 
your  correspondent  has  been  led  into  the  it 
that  suggested  his  reply. 

Dkrmid  O'Meaba   (5^  S.  iv.  407  ;    v.  35. 
There  is  a  short  account  of  Deniiitius  Meara,  i 
do  >Ieani»  in  AVood's  Alhnt.   Oronim.    He 
born  at  Ormond*  in  Ireland,  stutlied  for  si] 
years  in  the    universities  of  Oxford,  P;iri&, 
Cambridge,  and  subsequently  "  practised  phpic 
Ireland,  and  gained  great    repute  for  his  ha( 
success  therein."     He  was  **  esteemed  a  good 
during  his   conversation   among    the   Oxoniima." 
The  poems  on  the  Earl  of  Ormonde  were  print«4j 
at  I/mdou  in  ICID,  under  the  title  of  On)ifli»i«*| 
sire  illuitrm.  herois  ac  domini^  D.  Tl^mtr  Dutlff] 
Onnoni(v  ci  iMsoritv  comiiisj  &c.     Lowndes 
that   there   are   copies   of  them  in    the   Briti 
Museum  and    in   the   Bodleian.      He  also 
several  medical  treatise.?,  one  of  which »  entit 
Ik  Morhu  Hf^cditariu^  was  printed  at  Dublin 
16in.     His  son  Edmund  Meara  was  uUo  educati 
at  Oxforti,  and  practised  for  some  years  as  a  pi 
sicjan  at   Bristol.      His    medical  writings   w< 
published  at  London  in  1C65,  and  at  Arasterdi 
in    166G,  and  include   a   reprint  of  his  falhf 
treatise.  Edward  Sollt. 




50TB3  ON  BOOKS.  &o. 
Ra^^fffku  dt  Ceffvakalt  Chronk^n  Anfflicanum;  De 
F.  j<ugnntio^  Trmx  Sancttr  Libelous;  TftomoJi  A^- 
.f'l'ttj  d*  Morti  ft  SfpwHurtt  Hinrici  fUais  Anglia 
Junimiii  &tfta  Fultonit  Pifti  Wnrini;  kxctrpta  tr 
OfM  Jm^^mrud^tmt  QtTKLfii  Tiiaburientis,  Kx  Coiliei- 
bui  MMkoivriptii  odidit  Josephus  StevensoQ.     (Loiig- 


Tots  title-Mge  ihowa  the  7anetj  to  be  found  In  tina 
lutDt  c>f  Bnicilfh  chrobiclca  iind  memoriali  published 
gofentta^nt  ftutbority.  Perhaps  the  moat  interei^tini;; 
j.ii!*  nre  tSu-^  concerning  tb 6  death  tmd  burial  (with 
■s)  of  Prince  Henry.  There  is  alw  a 
it  p.  i:  •'jicn.  Anselmus  ArchitpU- 

c-  L   L...«-iliura  cam  omnibut  Ant^llae  pptflcopia  ; 

ct  t    1.!   -   'il>b*tci  tarn  Frandgenos  quaui  Aoghj«,  quern 

iii}i  tr  •  —  liibuerimt^degrtn^Iimt ;  cuhctipqueprobibuit 
jbjt«nia  diutiui  uxorei  baberi.'' 

'  fF.A'nri  of  Ahtrdeenshire.     Edited  by  Alexander 
.  Tolt,     (Aberdeen,  Lewis  8raith  ;  Lon- 
irghj  Blackwood  &  Sons.) 
..  i.iiSUXihei  for  the  excellence  of  many  of 

-  of  the  Scottish  comitiei.and  Mr.  Smith  has 
I  having  placed  a  new  history  of  Aberd(?eii* 

-  the  foremoflt  in  merit  and'  interest  among 
08,  The  T'»lamc't  or  parta  brittle  with  et»- 
li  must  have  cost  much  labour;  but  inter- 
riccl  and    »ociaJ    details  are  not  WHntin/. 

nc*    form    part   of  the  cbmnicles  of  Great 

I  I  doim  to  be  perused  «vnd  studied  not  mcp-ly 

...     I     1  r  ^^encrally.     Mr.  itlmith  statea  that  in  point  of 

!  A.        I     '  trlt-cn-lrre   corner  fourth,  namely,  after  Ar- 

r  '      I-  •  rth  ubirei;  but  in  point  of  popu- 

'  foilowiog  Lanarkshire  and  Mid- 

Ij    '  V  ^'^   Edinburgh.     An  excellent  m*p 

T,  f'ntci  the  progress  of  the  reader  a3  he 

r  ,>  uiie  buok. 

TV  </9*trUrlv  Il^inp^     No,  '2S\,  Januarj.     (Murray.) 
T' r  Oin'^f Itrtif  begins  the  year  full  of  life,  vigour,  anJ 
The  first  article,  *'  Hatfield  Hoase,'*  deals 
;oil»  and  the  pttst ;  the  concluding  article, 
t  «^hipping."  treats  of  a  burning  quefltion  of 
>t  liuic     Between  thcM  two,  Tariuus  paper* 
'  rn  l}Tpnno  cbarBcter*— Swift,  Wirdaw^irth 
and    the   French   critic,  Sainte 
li^rs  than  protiti  by  close  cxamina- 
Bubjccia  are  ably  di-cue^ed  under 
<i  Peace  of  Europe."  '*  Parliament 
oys,"  and  "Modern    Method^    in 
I  al  Astronomy  "  ;  and  "  The  Nor- 
ily"   takes  the  reader  from  the 
)iour  to  one  which  was  productive 
luid  excitement  agej  ago.     In  a  note, 
'.  article,  there  i«  this  reference  to  Shak- 
'■''''      ':  the  poet  bequeathed 
I  not  the  only  one— of 
This  may  help  to 
r  humiliation  betrayed 
an  actor  and  tragedian, 
^   ..i  „...  li   '>'  -^'■■•"'r>.f«i  bin  diTv- 
1  the  Jooli  a  the  hour- 

I  .yshows.  i»ii  1  indiscrinu- 

iiit:  'ou=  t."-i  apt  to  coiifguu'i  tlicm.'* 

-Y  ^filfitl',^tnn,    Lord*   of  CUnnont   and   of 
/.  '  diiltton'Fomiltf.     By  A,  t. 

M%.   >'       '    "  ■•  ■■■■'■'■  taiteand  juditment,  t1>«  in- 

tcMftiog  Mory  of  Uae  two  Earls  of  Middleton.    The  first 

was  the  celeVi rated  aoldier  who  fonght  agninst  Charles 
and  for  Chjirles  TL,  and  who  was  more  drunk  than  ac 
durinfT  that  timc^and  tbroughoitt  the  period  he  hmuii 
the  affairs  of  Scotland  for  tbo  latter  king.  The  iec( 
cArl  was  the  faithful  servant  of  James  IL  and  liis  queen^ 
alike  in  their  prosperity  and  their  adverse  days.  The 
atory  of  both  carls  i«  narrated  with  hanpy  brevity;  the 
reader  is  interested  in  e? ery  detail,  and  he  closet  a  plfeiu 
sant  book  with  a  grateful  regret. 

Amokg  books  received  are  a  well- compiled  and  welK] 
annotated  Cato/opu^  ofikt  Library  and  J^uunm  of  \ 
Clcchiialeis'  Company  of  London,  by  Mr.  Overalls- 
facetious  volume  by  John  W.  Jarvj*,  Tfnj  Gtf/fjfte, 
Millie  Phnsif  Giyptte,  a  chapter  of  Jottiiigd  from  Strai 
ford-on-Avon  and  elsewhere  {J.  Rii«8ell  Smith)*  whic' 
will  amnsingly  fill  a  spare  hour, —  Wui/g  and  Strat/s^  \ 
Captain  Hugh  Kennedy  (Morgan),  mfiy  be  recommended 
to  chess-players  as  well  as  to  the  general  ruuder,— T/u! 
J)wtUer$  tti.  Otir  Gardeus:  their  Lives  and  U'orh,  by 
Sara  Wood  fOroombridge  &  Sons),  is  an  elegitnt  little 
volume  on  birds,  infects,  kc,  very  attractive  to  young 
natttralists,— and,  not  too  late  for  the  reason,  Chrittm^tt 
Chiina  and  If€«  Ymr  Rhymn  (Pickering),  which  is 
original,  and  sometimes  agreeably  perplexing. 

AurnoRS  ako  Quota tiohs  Wastkp  {C>^^  S.  v.  Ifli.) — 
**  Iltso,  Jupiter,  and  snuiTthe  moon."  The  story  goes — 
on  what  authority  I  know  not— that  Ibis  was'taid  by 
Nat  Lee,  the  author  of  Ahxniider  On:  Orent  and  other 
ranting  tragedies,  when  he  wos  confined  in  Bedlam,  nnd 
Wrts  trying  to  write  in  hi^  cell  by  moonlii^ht.  A  cloud 
darkened  the  moon,  and  he  cried  out,  *'  Rise,"  &c> ;  but 
the  diirkness  increaMd,  and  he  exclaimed,  "  Ye  envious 
goda  !  he  has  snuff'd  it  out/'  S,  T.  P. 

''  ^'EAIt,  so  TEHY  KKAR  TO  OoD,"  Itc,  it  attributed  to 
Citpt,  Catesby  Paget,  a  well-known,  uncompromising 
Cbrigtian.  It  was  written  iti  or  about  the  yearl8S5  by 
birn.  J.  F.  E. 


A  BaisToi,  ASH  GwucfisTifRFmiir  ARcn^iotoflicAL 
Society  is  at  last  about  to  be  estubliiUied.  The  orijsrina- 
tors  truly  remark  that  "  Glouceatersbire,  thou^jh  wunting 
neither  in  nrchreologists  nor  in  the  materials  of  archae* 
ology,  hae  long  been  wanting  in  archteological  organixa^ 
tioiL  Nature  itaolf,  indet-d,  may  be  said  to  have  prepared 
her  both  by  structure  and  by  po^^ition  for  the  theatre  of 
those  historic  energies  and  events  of  which  a  rich  anti- 
qaity  is  the  vtstigc.  Occupying  the  lower  courses  of  the 
larg'  ht  river  system  and  river  valley  in  Great  Britain, 
she  has  alviaya  commanded^  whether  for  war  or  com- 
merce, the  ports  and  maritim<*  passes  of  the  west. 
Occupying,  too,  the  considerable  heights  that  furtify  the 
opposite  sides  of  this  river  valley,  she  commands  what  is 
perhaps  at  once  both  nhysically  and  hi»toiical!y  tlj«  chief 
border  land  of  the  island— a  border  laud  wbicb^  having 
thfl  WcNh  mountain  fastnesses  on  the  one  side,  and  the 
Midland  hills  on  the  other,  has  fomird  a  natural  battle 
ground  for  all  the  competing  races  jwad  most  of  the  con- 
teuding  parties  in  the  development  of  our  country." 

TnE  LATK  Mn.  Swiftk.— For  the  honour  of  my  prr^fcs- 
fiion  and  of  my  Inn  of  Court,  I  may  add  to  tho  information 
re.spectin;;  >ir.  fc^wifte  fumiahed  by  I.  L*  S.  nnd  by  tlie 
Dublin  Wardtr^  that  ho  wa»  called  to  the  Bur  ni  the 
Middle  Temple  in  iS15  (having  prcvious'ly  been  called  to 
the  Irifth  Bar).  See  an  obituary  notice  in  the  Law 
Timts  for  Jan,  15,  IS'G*  Middle  TEaiiiaJU 


fi&tuti  to  €oTTfipomtim, 

Ok  a]]  communicAliona  should  b«  irrUtea  the  n&me  vrnl 
•ddroBS  of  th«  sender,  not  neceas&rily  for  publicatian*  bal 
M  %  guanuitee  of  good  faith. 

S   P. — Confusjoo  of  two  tenni.  befcween  CaloUn  and 
Carahin.     Cabotin  means  a  atroUirig  player.     Il^nnr  de 
Kock,  in  hii  Memoira  dun  CaLoUM,  did  for  th«  life  of 
■Dch  a  humble  French  ptaycr  what  S.  W.  Rjley  did 
•ome  sixty  year*  ago,  in  his  litneraitt,  to  illu«trat<3  the 
We  of  an  Engliih  dtroller.     Cara^»=in«diciLl  jtudsQt, 
ocean  in  Alfred  do  MuaswsVt  pretty  ballad,  Mimi  Pinttm: 
"  Ellc  a  IfB  yeux  et  lea  matng  pr«fiMj 
Lcs  Caiabins,  tnattn  ei  ftoir. 
Uaent  Its  ro.anchc»  de  leurs  Teitea, 
Landirerette  f 
A  ion  comptoir. 
Quoiqoe  eani  maltr»iter  peraonne, 
Mimi  lour  fait  nuieux  la  Icron 
QuM  U  Sorbonwe, 
II  nc  faut  paa  uu'oa  la  ch)QV>Qae 
La  robe  de  Miml  Piosoti." 
We  observe  th»t  in  the  current  number  of  the  Quariirty 
<p.  182>  Caraii a,  quoted  from  l?ainte  Beure,  is  tranrialed 
**  nawbonea."    Boiate  y;'\Ycs  among  the  nieauinga  of  Vara- 
hin  •*  ^lOiro  en  chirur^io  (,A'</-  famit,)." 

K.  8.— To  Hcywood,  8liakitp«»rfl,  Cervantes,  Donnej 
Beri>ert,  Burton,  who  uso  the  terra  •" com parijons  nre 
odioua/'  or  "offensiTe,*'  or  (in  Dogberry'a  phrase) 
"odorous,"  you  may  add  Congre^e,  whose  Cuptain  Bluffe 
{Old  Baekehr,  Act  ii.  ic.  *J)  saya,  *'  Hannibal  jkm  a  vpry 

£retty  follow ;  but,  Sir  Juscpb,  comparisons  are  odiou»- 
iaituibal  wits  a  rery  pretty  fellow  in  those  days*,  it  mu-t 
be  (panted  ;  but,  ala«  !  air,  were  he  alive  now.  he  would 
be  nothing— not bini;  in  tlie  earth  !  "  This  aample  is  not 
given  in  tho  book  of  quotations  to  which  you  refer. 

Vf,  M.  M.  will  find,  in  Dante's  Inftmo,  canto  t.  121  :— 
"  NtaBun  macgior  dolore 
Cho  ricordarsi  deltenipo  felice 
Nellft  miteria." 
Wo  further  refer  him  to  Caraphcll'a  PUamris  of  Ilopt 
(part  ii.  4;>)  for  eomcthing  like  a  parallel  in  aetttinient, 
if  ocit  in  cxprewion  :— 

"  While  memory  watchea  o'er  the  ead  reriew 
Of  joya  that  faded  like  the  morning  dew." 
Well-read  correapondent«  can  doubtleaa    furniflh    him 
Krith  other  parallel*. 

C,  M.  A.— Tho  PrinccTO  Maria  Charlotte  Sobieskn 
(grand-daughter  of  Sobicaki,  King  of  Poland,  and  sister 
to  the  wife  of  the  "  Old  Pretender")  married  two  brothcrfl, 
■ona  of  the  Duke  de  Bouillon.  Uer  first  huBbancl  was 
tbe  duke'a  eldest  son,  the  Prince  de  Turenne,  who  died  a 
veek  after  the  marriage,  17:!3,  oged  twenty-four  years 
In  tbe  following  year  tho  lady,  baring  obtained  a  dis- 
pmaation  from  Rome,  at  great  co»t.  married  the  younger 
brother,  the  Prince  de  Bouillon,  who  waa  only  eighteen 
yean  of  age. 

CLAiiRr.— Perhapi  tho  author  could,  and  more  pro- 
bably he  could  not,  tell  what  be  mcana  in  the  verses  he 
lias  written.  On  application  to  him,  he  might  deign  to 
explain  the  mbliuic  unintclHglbility. 

(L  0.  n.,  referring  t*>  "  Herjildlc*'  (6'^  8,  v.  54),  wishes 
to  •ubatiluto  "  Sir  WofUr  Blount "  instead  of  "  Sir  John 
Blount."    The  latter  was  tho  father  of  8ir  Walter. 

Palmer'.s  ♦'  PKnttBTHATioM  OF  Yarkoutu." — The  pub- 
lisher is  Mr  George  Nail.  182,  King  Street,  Market 
Place,  Great  Yarmouth. 

H«nrooi> :  AraEir^rB  (oa/e,  p.  45.)— Mr.  P.  J.  P. 
OAKttLLDir  refers  to  a  communication  by  himself  in 
"N.&QV'!?"*8. 1311. 

BRic-A-BRAC.-See  "  K  k  Q ."  4*^  S.  K-  228. 
Matthxw  Ooch.— See  ante,  p.  8. 
Eriutux. — P.  41,  coL  ii.»  "crowns  of  sca-birde  white" 
ahould  be  **  crowns  of  sea-buds  white." 


Editorial  (Communications  should  be  addresaed  to  "The 
Editor  of  'Notes  and  Queries"*— Adverti«einente  tnd 
Bwi^inefls  Letters  to  "  The  Publisher  "—at  the  Office,  Sl^ 
Wellington  Street,  i^trand,  London,  W.C. 

Wc  beg  leare  to  >t»te  that  we  decline  to  return  com- 
mu&icatioos  which,  for  uiy  reason,  we  do  not  print ;  avl 
to  this  role  we  can  make  no  exception. 


OTTCE.  —  The    Indetc    to   Vol.    IF.,    Ywn 

BERIES,  U  Fubllahed  wiUi  tMlWUBt  irtuiib«t. 

NOTICE.— The  FooBTH  VoLumE  of  KoTfs  jj 
QTTRRIK4.  riFTTI  ftXfll  E^.  price  lOf.  Si,  1«  Kow  Ut»Aj. 
Ctt»  for  Biadlas,  swi«c  la  Jkf.  port  ma 

NOTES  AND  QUERIES.— Wanted  to  PntcHaflv, 
tWCiieMtHAL  INDEX  to  th<<  THIRD  HKlilSSL    VW.  ai.  10 
htxirto  hf  JOHN  FHANCIS.  t\  Wdllnfitoa  Strw*.  T 

WANTED  to  PURCHASE,  Notes  lam 
Q1713R.iaB,  Noa  a»,  ir«.  IW.  aa4  ladkx  U>  Vi4-  Tt, 
Tit  lap  BfRtJiL  Oaa  «1inUBr  CMh  wUl  IM  etv«a  tor  jom 
P  RAN  CIS.  ao,  WiUli^itoa  RtfMfe,  Sfeiaad. 

^IDDONS,    KEMBLE.— Wanted   to 

A4<ir«M>«ith  Ml  particuUra,  i»  Uax,  onre  of  It,   ¥.  AVtiitc  * 
11.  Fleet  street 

NOTICE.— R    J,    FRANCIS   &    CO., 
C«otneU>rt.  WlD«ji{De«  Citurt,  £.0«,  hud  ToaL'^*  Coorl 


pmpftrtd  Ui  »u>rnil(  KHTIMATKS  And  enier  ipto  f'Ot^Tt 


ORKS    on  TOBACCO.   SNUFF,  &c.- 

•eU«n  liBTlnf  Booki  on  Totncoa,  f^off,  ke..  or  t 
Jflnni«U,or  Nc«i|«p«nooulaintDe  Arti<3l«»oo  ibe  »a\ijc«t,  »x»lB 
u,  r«i»rt  muh  to  Ow  Offlce  of  COPY'S  ToBACOO  f  LA^T,  iS. 


V       do  well    to  Visit  WM     MAMoS^ji   Lftwa    COLl.ECTIOS 
AN'TlQtJ£  FURNITOKE.  Oil  rmnSinsm  Slrdals,  Drc^ut*^  flat^ 

QUE  1  .  „_ 

(^hlna.^  Hu'»Bo6k«.  Cokn*.  curinu^  Watches.  A at(i(imi«hi,  Hurv 

tiTIlEBT.ST.  CLEMENTS.  ll'3\Vl<Jll 

Que  Eg 

kviBK*.  Cjftintxnirf  uo  iTorv^t'xrTed  Framr^  A«  .  »tJS,| 
EiUbliabed  UMO. 


THE  Ground  Leaae  of  Premises,  92,  Gi 
^(troft,  tjuTJopt  ripjred,   Mr   L.    HKRHWAX  hj 
»i,  (JTltAT  klSfiKUL  HTflEKT.  llLuOMSBC«Y.  tipi 
Stiuvum.    The  PremiAMhaTe  been  ap«clAllr  SLrTkos^  n*1 
tioD  of  U*idrk«  of  Art ;  and  Mr.  L.  U«rnnaa,  in  tbanl 
Art  rullecttin  and  I>Mlen  vbo  have  boDciurv<l  bim  «nih  tli 
a<te,  tdTJtM  iaf|>«cHi>D  of  hU  Cti  ikM  mod  verr  Bxt^ntiT*  iVit 
i'AlNllNCW.  rmhrtclon  *ark*  df  the  MIJ  *,  weM  ua  (bt 
r<abi>4li  of  Art,  and  c^mtAJDing  many  Fta»  KaMBSlM  of  Iha 
lullanaQd  fiennau   Ma*lcr«.  •  f'w  produtftioaa  Of  tli« 
tinrriLal   Hcboola.  and  a  lane  t^rlcctioQ  of  PtirftCBlta   of  IIU 
Fcrvoiih    F'   ri  liTiii   nnd  tuflijh.  the  whole  a4apltd  fVT  th« 
^rn-'i-  -  nd  moii  advaDtafetmaty 

lot]'  <  oADolaaatu  and  DnUr. 

titn< .  .\dTantatw  of : 

LtULim.  Ivcitorine,  «nd  G«atn1  Arr&n«ereent  of  Artlitio: 
Tliiii  Eata<iUiahni<?ut  Will  bo  fouuU  to  p«uvta  toperior  adTaot 
fkilful  and  tfhctc<nt  work- 

).  It.  rKommvnda  hm  mode  of  Olsaninir  wad  RMtnrina  t*lflti 
particularly  AilaptikliLi*  f^r  tbe  R«iLoratu>a  of  An  WorrLs  frj 
f«,r!jr  ('tTinan  and  ItAlmn  ptriod. 

I'K-tur<r4  and  I )rawtfiRii  Framed  after  the  m^.sT  t>*iiutlful  mod* 
I talUu.  Frcbcli,  and  iCii4{Uah  Carved  ^v .  ;  to  The  Art 

Lector  Fmrae*  and  (illdlDg  iuiied  to  tb*  hmuL 

CaUlocuM  Arranffvd  and  CoUcetioiu  i'at«  Dt 

Coin ralwiionit  moat  ^ffKloallr  and  iiu>dcf.ii;^,>  i^.--.^^>i. 

>lr.  Ilrmntu  can  <>nicruki  tbe  FarabaM  of  i'Mtuna  In 
Flrillfli  Artiefa.matty  infcrMtinir  AToiiciortliftMiaot '    ' 
w>th  the  Larav  CwlleeUuD  Q«w  on  Vt«w  at  ss.  Onat 

anrbobUr.    IMiOlM.  firon  I 
jadfraaat  aad  tztiB^a  Oaat 

rwt  ItMalll 



005TB  XT  8, -N»  109. 

XMai  WmgWiU  Wonh  um.I  hr  FrentTj  Wrlt«n. 

I'll  the 

HfCL  ^Tbf 

ti^UviMtj  .,,  ■■u-nto 

HlMt JK-JtaM^  *S— The  iSchootUoy  to  the  Foro— Brldf- m'» 
'— £e»rlizii;  the  HiiotM  t^eod— Swifts 

vaa  BvlniMjT*' — '^Comlnir  through  the 
;  af  l>a,wvm  of  Scdbei^jb— H  Pront,  S7— 
"PvedloUoa  of  the  Crime*n  \V*r— "  Cora- 
ill|)|«tl«  to  the  (rdALlai)ji"^I'rt4:hit-pirh, 
— "  Con«miDg  8ii»k<w  in  IccUnd,  *  &c, 
of     PriDCi*"'— •' WcAther-hoka/'     HH  — 
'SereQ  iJotliejr  Hermoni  " — "The  Ancketit 
'--Pile  FaihUj  of    Bray,    li«rk»— Pwtorfti  BUff  nt 
M— ''flw  Cunt  or   Klrk*tAU   Abbey, '  Ac. -"C#nnon  to 
|^t,''4c-~KT«iitAiiUs  BecetUy— The  Court  of  Ulgh  (Jom- 

Pim :-  ^T.  S»— Pliilolot:lc*l  -  MLltf.n'i  FoTMtrr. 

|-^ilt*-  liioD,  02— Alftjor    Fn&uli    E'tlrsou  — 

i/^bel  fjUhedTal—*' Nod  ett  vile  corpUJi,"  A-c, 
BobleikAr— "Old  Klof  Cole  — Handel'i 
iyioii :  "TU*  Frincctt " -^  "^  As  ookna  aa 
►"MtUl  Tuhuco  Hpea-Tbe  Tnide  ©f  TsnalAg— 
•*«!  Lijii'lou  riiurchca,  M — "The  2>iorth«rn  Sliguliie'' — 
tm»i  tti  Xrm*—'  A  Tott^tUme  for  Gold/'&o.— A  Follower 
ain»fti,  &6-"TiMi  P««a  Eat"— "Iriplc*"  or 
MKte  Wom  m  Me&b—"  Acker"— U«welyn  ap 
-^  Di»-«ijikin  —  **  AttorDey,"  96  —  B«laUoDiblp  — 
ilhillliif— Lord  ManiOeld— "There  irae  ui  ape," 
—  The  CttftTterhouM  :  Boatot*  —  UlpsVwi  ; 
•7— rrc-Befomuikon  Church  f"J*t©— Ivy:  Ivvy: 
c— B«U -Fkogi  In  Eofluid—Medftlllc,  \ti. 

IIK&S,   AND   31I8:JlN<i  IN   tlTTBli'a  Z^/C^ 

{Condniud fnm,  p.  24,) 
Ttie  Englbh  niewiinjg  of  (ap),—**En  le 
lC  m«  TvtemonU   nouvert*  ^e  houe,  m 

wng-a<!t,et5  ctiCTeui  ou  iirA:"»rdre,        ;  *     ;  paiont 

nooimmitro/' — Eui;.  !^ue,  JJ  port., 

ii.  t£17.    l*ftrii,  A.  Lii«roix,  V«rLa>ckuvea  el 

French  word  cap*  means  a  kind  of  hooded 

'  Prcntz  la  car  qtii  court  Bur  1c  tram«ajf"— 
in,  ,Vrw- }'f>rA  et  in  Soctfte   Atkiricainc;  /Icvut 
^f.rndeJl,  V  Dec.  1S74,  €TB. 
^j^/vr'.— **  Lee  di'«a«treu9es  Boitei  de  U  guerre 
ii:   uit   rmt  mint'  le  fud  et  I'ont  livrc   eu  |jroie 
"—I J,,  \hut.*',^H. 
I  3  6e  tai'aient,.  .tee  eveque* 
,,  sauf  (lourlftnt  oeiui  do  Win- 
ifft  OQ  nifttidement  contre  lea 
#,  Oxford,  iMlu]."— Alb.  He* 
:^jr«  j^L.;  Jitvut  dfj  Jbivx  Montkh 
— "J*  dontie  mon  eatier  Ji«sentinaent  i 
dtt  lurd  MiV/'i«<jti>e  d'Augleterre,  qui  dit 
i(i  »urtiit  du  •:  tre  retrnu  pendant  le«  q^uatro 
leequeld    j'attii'ndftui    Invii    dea    otlicien 
<li  Ku69cl1.  quoted  bj  A.  Lftugeljt  licvvt  du 
» 6  Anil,  lsT5,  Ulti. 
'  la*  hghlaPidfrt  Not divii^i  cd  tribm ott 

clftTU  lous  del  cLefe  on  chUfiaim^  et  cliAqiie  clan  se  lub' 
divise  en  soucbea  <:galoi]ieQt  loua  doi  chitf taint," — Skene, 
qonted  hj  E.  de  Laveleje,  La  Lois  de$  Brthon*  ;  Rev.  da 
Devx  MontUt,  15  Avril,  \m%  792. 

Chrutmaf. — *'  Lo  Christrana  est,  ct  stirtonfc  ctalt,  ponr 
LondreK,  comme  le  ciimaval  pour  Veniw,  utj  t«nips  de 
mucamdeSr  de  rejouiisance^et  de  fmirie." — Th.GMutier, 
Let  Beitu-r  Artt  en  Europtf  ^oL  L  ii.  15.  Paria,  Miicliel 
htty,  1857. 

Cferffyman. — "  Lft  oil  Iob  eltrgymtit  ont  ^cbouc,  lea 
maltre^et  lea  maltrevaea  d'ccole  permit  tTDpuiaaaiita."— 
Odysae-Barrot.  Ilutoire  de  la  LUtirature  AntfluiMt  Cnn- 
teinftftraim,  Tiii.  382.  Pnrii,  Charpentier,  1S74. — "  Un 
grnve  dcrfji/Tnan  venait  d'offfir  k  un  raalade  K-a  con- 
Bolatiofi-i  de  lit  rolij^ion."— U  Boucher,  CV*.  Diettut  H 
Mon  demter  Bioorapkt;  R*v.  da  Deux  Mondes,  1'  Mara, 
1875, 100. 

Ciovd-t-iftg.—*^  Aux  enrirona  d«  rdqtmt«ixr  le  aoloil 
puiiio  dart«  la  roer  dea  quantitOfl  dean  oonoid^rmbles  qui 
forment  cette  zone  naafjceac^e  quo  !•<«  Aitglua  appelleut 
c/ouc/nn/y."— J.  Clav<5,  Elude  de  Alfteoraioffieforattcre/ 
Rev.  des  Deux  Mondtt,  V  Jmn,  1675,  633. 

Club.-—**  Po(ic«fneu  en  untforme  ariu6a  du  loard  dnb 
do  boi?,  lo  ca«M-t43te  redouto."— L,  Simonin,  La  Enfant 
de*  Rues  ri  iVeMi-Yort  /  Riv.  da  Dtux  Monda,  V  Atril, 
l&7f.,  p.  72. 

Littro  baa  the  word  only  with  the  meanisg  of 
society,  association. 

CofX-  (corraptod  spelling  of  eook;  the  cw)lr  of  »  ahip), 
— "  Aprcji  la  comvdie  le  rrpaa  eut  lieu,  glgaiitetqoe 
agape,  prodii^ieuE  fettin  de  G&rgantua,  coloM«ilefl  nocee 
do  Ganinclie,  produit  combing  du  cbef  do  latnbiiaaitde  et 
du  cocic  du  Cbarletnaji^e," — Th.  Gautier^  CoA4tantittopUf 
xatx.  3fiJ*.    I'aria,  Michal  Ltry.  1857- 

C'o<;i^r.—** Cockers  du  Suffolk.  Fdnnt/  et  Ftora^  1* 
prix,  ^  M.  neatb.  Exposition  de  1863."— Dr.  J.  C. 
Cbenu,  Le*  Trms  RigneM  de  la  Naturi,  18G4,  p.  53,- 
t'am,  L.  HachetteetC". 

Cfictnev,—**  Lf*  fameux  Pichvick  Pnpira,  aTsntuoes 
dun  cockney  mtjtropolitain."— Odyaae^Uarrot,  iv.  339- — 
'*  Lci  nonibroux  Anglaia  qui  partat;ent  lea  auxi^tSa  d« 
air  Henrr  RawrmiQn,,  oraignent  paa  comme  lei 
coctnevt  de  Londrea  que  la  Rutsie  mette  la  isain  aitr  les 
lt\dei."—Rev.  da  Devx  Mmuta,  V  Aout,  1875,  p.  079. 

CortUttl. — "  Voici  maintenant  les  buvettcs,  Ice  hars 
sftcntniontelfl,  oil  ha  /?rr^ji  ct  les  juleps  detoutf  caKgoHe, 
lc8  rori'tiiiU,  le«  tauffrirs,  lei  whiert  ct  leapuncbado  com- 
position varieo  Bont  incefsameut  Terncs  jmrd'infatig&bles 
6obttn*oii«  a  desbnvettra  toujoura  altt-rea."— 1».  Simoain, 
Revue  da  Diux  Afonda,  V  Janvier,  1875,  p.  72. 

Criinnoge.—'^'LtB  eranitcga  ou  habitationn  lacuatrea 
de  rirlande."— E.  Gonbcrt,  in  Dr.  Chenu^  La  TtQH 
R'fftitf  de  (a  yalure^  1875,  p,  73. 

CrotTA. — "  I/Obeervatoire  de  Paris  poaak^de  dopnl»1855 
un  disque  do  tlint  et  uu  diflque  de  crown,  dont  lefi  dlnicn- 
aions  eont  suffiwktitcs  pour  faire  un  objuctif  do  75  centU 
metres  (pnls  do  30  poucea)  do  diaractre." — R.  Hadat),  Let 
Of)$ermtinrex  dt  h  Grande  -  Br  eta  gne;  RtwM  du  Deux 
Monda,  15  Scptenibre,  1675j,  p.  45S. 

DaiittHien.—"  L'bjpothi.-40  darwintenne  du  tnns^ 
fonuiame  et  de  la  paneen^ao." — J.  Soury,  Rev.  du  Deux 
Mitudis,  15  Janv.,  Db75,  437. 

Darvinute.—'*  C't*i  la  loi  d«  la  rature.  et  de  la 
'  i6Ioctir>n/  dtmnt  lea  darnlniBtea.*' — Em.  de  LaTclejOj, 
itei'wc  def  Dtvx  Mondei,  15  Juillet,  1875,  p.  4t!4. 

/hnomination. — "11  cii  eft  du  rmhit  [in  Ru.^ia] 
comiiie  du  protoBtantiime,  toutes  oea  sectea,  toutea  cea 
dfnomthntif'njt^  ielon  I'heureuae  expression  dcs  AntrUif, 
nc  constituent  point  toujonra  dea  confeaiuna.  dea  cultea 
dlff^.^rt;n*.'"— Anat,  Lcroy-B«auliett,  L'fiiwpwt  dt*  Ttati 



[6"  e.  V.  Jan.  2d,  'T€. 

tt  ha  Hytst€»,  ii.  2;  JUvut  dii  Deux  MoncUi,  V  Mid, 

This  meaning  of  the  word  is  not  given  hj 

DebatffT. — "Voilittout  ce  qas  le  dtlater  dei  ancienB 
jfjurs  [Lord  Ruasell]  trouvnit  i  dire."— A.  Liiugel,  Btv. 
tits  Dtux  Mondei.  15  Avril,  Ibju,  p,  1»21. 

OiM'latlir.  —  "  Lea  partie  tiui  s'y  entrechoqucnt  [dana 
TEglbe  a»tionaIe  d'AngloterreJ  a'b&bituent  it.  ridt^«  do  In 
dcaetablir." — J.  Mil^andj,  Rev.  dei  Dtvx  JUondes,  15  Sep* 
lenibre,  1874,  p.  37&. 

DeutahliuetHenL—"Lo  sacerdotal isme  s'hitbifcue  a 
I'idt-e  du  dcteiattuseiiiftU,  qui  le  dKlivremit  de  Toppo^i- 
tion  del  UtitudJn&Lrefl  €t  des  CTaiig61iiiues/'^Id.  ibid. 

Detedivt. — ^'Koui  icaiatAmes  et  fintnieB  ptr  obtenir 
ileax  dftectiva,  dcui  de  ces  hommcs  nux  fotmee 
HtlilctLques,  dc  vraLa  tjiiee  d«  Aoraf-.^ttart/f,  comnie  In 
police  inimicipalo  de  New-York  tn  atanf '— L.  Sinjouin, 
Ittv.  det  Deux  Mondts,  V  ATril.  1875,  p.  74. 

//(Vfcioi-y,— "S'armant  den  donnees  dc  ion  dirtctm^t 
cc  guide  de  corntnerce  que  toute  eitu  attiericaine  pubhe 
chaqiie  snuive  &rec  uu  boid  T]gilaiit,.„CbiL-Hgo  prttend 
nToii'  aujourd'liui  £k)t),WO  hnbitams."— L.  Siuioriin,  Ittv. 
da  Dtux  Monday  V  Avril,  1675,  p.  Wk 

DUteiit, — '*  1!  faut  dcscendre  dana  I'etage  mferieur  du 
dittent  RuBse." — Anat.  Lcroy-Beaulieu,  ix,  iii ,  litv.  du 
fJevx  Mondfs,  V  Mai,  1875,  p.  79*— "  L'6vang^Hame 
purltain  baisse,  du  mojtia  comuio  pubsance  ix  rint^rieur 
f'e  r^gliie  6tAbl]e;  TDaia  11  se  refait  dans  le  dinent,  11  bo 
rctrempedans  l«i  r«t»*a&."— A.  Rdrille,  VAngUcanitmt 
Lihfral ;  B^,  da  Deux  Monda,  15  Aoik,  1876,  p.  891. 

Diiunter^-^'*  On  bataillait  depute  lonuteinpa  entre 
nnglie&iia  et  dixttnttrtt  pusiistes  et  6Tangeli(|aeB.*'^Id. 
rUd.  884. 

Dislrat. — "  Dona  rancicn  droit  anglaii,  nous  IrouTona 
a  procedure  du  dutms,,.L9  plus  6tendu  dea  traii^a  dea 
Jiithoit  Laics,  le  Stnchm  Mor,  ee  rappopte  presque 
fntieremtut  aui  formalitea  du  duirem."  —  Em.  do 
LaTcleye,  Retue  dti  Diux  Mondes,  li>  Avril,  1S75^ 
p.  790. 

Dri/L — "  Le  lerram  ulaciaire  qui  couvre  rEcoaso,  tea 
doux  tiers  ■eptf'ntrionaux  dc  TAuglcterrc  vi  llrlande 
lout  entiere ;  ila  [ie*  gcologues  «iiiKMais]  le  designent  aoiia 
lenoni  de  drift.'—Vh.  Martina,  JUv.  des  I/tux  Monda, 
15  AxTiK  1875,  p.  S.". 

DrinL^"  Le  plut  ricbe  rcBtauratcur  do  Kofr-York, 
DclrDonico,  dix  foia  miilioimaire,  cbca  le>jue]  toua  leagena 
de  Wall-atfeet  et  dea  rue»  clrcunvoisinea  vont  vera  une 
bcure  prendre  a  la  hate,  dcbmit,  un  luvck  et  un  dnnkt 
c'eaiadire  aiar]>?er  un  uiorcN-au  et  se  dcBaUerer."--L, 
SimoniiD,  J?fw.  dts  Deux  MondtM,  Y  Docombre,  1875, 
p.  664-— ^' On  awalo  dea  drinks  tout  le  long  du  trajet." 
-Id.  ibid.  V  Afril,  1875,  p.  563. 

StUahithitn, — "  Co  n'est  m  dana  la  pocaie  IjriqaOr  i^i 
danji  «es  uombreuaea  yavMiii^,  ni  dans  la  iiitire,  que 
resident  roriginnlite  et  la  puiaaance  de  Tage  Elisa- 
butbieu/'^ — Odyjsac-Rarrot,  /wfr.  23. 

Eric, — "  Votre  sbcrif  sera  le  bicRTcnu,  mais  faites-tnoi 
aavoir  quel  e»t  )e  prix  de  »a  t^tc,  afin  que,  ti  mes  bommes 
la  lui  coupent,  je  puisae  lerer  i'mc  (^ic,  compoaition)  sur 
le  pajs."— TAe  Irith  Chifftairt  Mttffttirf  to  the  Lard  Di- 
putif  air  W.  FiUmllmm,  quoted  by  E.  de  Larelejc ; 
litw  dt»  DtJix  Mondts,  15  Ayrib  1875»  p.  78t». 

EitabtUkmetiL — "  Le  disicnt  prit,  grace  a  lui  [gr5ce  au 
tni'thoditmt],  dea  prcportioni  iuqui^tantea  pour  I*,  conaer- 
ratifin  de  l,'<ttabbthme>iL" — A.  Kevillc,  Rev,  de*  Dtux 
JKondti,  15  AoiJi,  1S75.  p.  ^VJ, 

EUtUiisemtnt  (t!io  Frencb  form  of  uiaUithment). — 
"  11  [Lord  EuiselJJ  coaiidi^re  Vtiahlisuoient  comme  une 
partio  easentielle  de  cet  admirablft  enaemble  de  conYen- 

tiona,  de  oon tints,  de  devoira  at  droUa  qui  eat  le  pl^deitd 
de  la  statue  anKtaiae.'*— A,  La.uge],  Rtv.  da  Deux  Mondtt, 
IS  Avril,  ]875»p.  894. 

Everglade.—"  lis  |les  Indiens]  ataient  cbercbe  una 
ratraite  inaccesBible  dana  lea  everffiada^  vaatci  rnnniii 
bois<!fl,  ot,  le  cypri-a,  le  magnolia  et  le  palmier  utm 
eutretienncut  une  ttcmelle  verdure." — Comte  dc  I'a-u, 
La  (Juare  civile  ert  AmerUiue;  Rev.  da  Deux  Jdot^dei, 
I'  Juillet,  1S74,  p.  18. 

F<iir-phiy.'—"Je  renverrali  volcntiera  certame  mati- 
rialtfltes  de  iiotra  continent  A.  cet  exeniple  de  fttir-ptetf, 
dorine  p^r  un  savant  anglaia  [Prof.  TvndaU]/' — A.  "^ 
ville.  liev.  de*  Dcux  Mondtt,  15  Mars,  1875.  p  315. 

Fait ;  f'lltintf.—'^  Cc  n'eat  plus  [le  p6cb»5  oriiirintl,  i 
RowUnd  Williaiiis]  une  cbute,  un  fa U  accompli  uue  fil 
pour  tuutea,  c'cat  ua /aUintf,  une  chute  permaiienle^l 
confondant  avec  notre  inclination  au  ni&l  moral."— f 
i*fiV</.,  15  Aoftt,  1S75,  n.mi. 

Far-west. — "  Tout  le  /ar-tcat  juaqu'nu  Pacifiqae 
a'alimenter  la  [k  Chicago]."*— L.  Simonin,  1'  Avrii, 
p.  5m. 

Fettoic. — "  D'ftUtrea  out  dit  qu'tl  y  avait  en  lu!  [en  Mr» 
Gladstone]  deux  bommci.  un  clief  de  p:irti  et  nnjethm 
d^Oxfordr  et  que  Ic  chef  de  parti,  loraqu'il  ^tait  de  toii^, 
emprtintait  lu  plume  du  fettow  pour  ccrire  Jea  du»eiti> 
tions  sur  Horn  ere  on  aur  la  th^ologie.'* — R^r.  df4  Dev 
Mfmdejt,  V  Juillet,  1675^1*.  *JOT, 

Ferry ; /ctri/lH}<t(.~** Dei  centainea  de  bati^sur  tctfll 
et  viennent,  au  milieu  (3csqu«lB.,.lta  b;ics  a  rapeur  u 
ferriei  qui  relitnt  tea  deux  rives  de  I  Hudson  et  <!•;:  U 
rifiere  de  TEat." — L,  SimoHiii,  1'  Dt'ceinbre,  1S< 
— "  Un  en  avait  vu  [de^  street  l>o^t\  chercbeurai 
ae  RlisPer  ia  nuit  dans  la  cabine'  d  un  ferrtf-hont 
port, — c*^iatt  l!!i  un  lugement  de  premiere  clasfte.**- 
1'  Jaar.,  1875,  p.  6.^. 

Ftirtntion.—**  htkjlirtatwn  devient  entre  lea  maiAl 
cette  tille  avia^^e  un  puiB^ant  auxiliuire  de  In  piiljtiquai.'^ 
Th.  Bciitzon,  Rtc.  d^s  Deux  Monde*,  15  iMar#,  If 
p.  337. 

/V»Hfr.— "Ellea  [lea  muief  de  Neir-York]  vont 
del  nmieaj  ou  accompagniL'ea  de  celui  qui  a  Ibanaeiiri 
les  courtieer  et  d*  j^jVtf r  uuvartcment  arec  eltea,* 
cadcr    au   Pare  Central"— L.  Sinionin,   1'    D< 
1S75,  p.  ^^b.—"'  Les  plusarenantes,  lea  aeules  promt 
souvcnt  dea  grandea  villea  [en  Syria]  aout  leura  ct 
des  morts.     On  y  cause,  on  y  mnnge,  on  y  fume, 
/I'Hf."— E.  Melchior  de  Vogii^\  Jowr«^«  df    V 
Sytie;  Rev.  da  Dtux  Monde$^  V  Fuvrier,  1875.  p. 

Foreifffi  Oijlce,—  '*  Lea  rapports  publi^a  en  1871 
Foreign  O^ce  de  Londres  rcnfermcnt  des  details  pi 
notamment  sur  la  condition   pen  enviablea  dea 
ourri^rea  dans  lea  paja  du  Levant"— i^rvwa  da 
Mondis,  15  Janv.,  1875,  p.  48(1. 

FwidAiV.- Iriab, — '*  II  y  avait  deui  clasaea  de/ai 
lea  joCT-  et  lea  darr  futdhirt.     Lea  uns   cuUivaieat 
terrea  vaguea  que  lo  seigneur  Icur  cooccdait     Lea  Mti 
*e   tnmvaicnt   dana  un  itat  de  domeBticit^   aerrila 
d'eiclftva^e." — E.   de  Lavelejc,   La  Lni»  drs  BrekMi 
Rev.  des  Deux  Monies,  15  Airil,  1875,  p.  893. 

HfiKEI  GacsskkoKi 

Ayr  Academy. 




I  Bend  Bome  extmcta  from  the  old  parish 
tcra  of  Choflton  Kiogs,  near  Cheltenham,  wl 
unless  I  am  miitaken,  will  be  looked  upon 
many  readers  as  i  uteres  ting  and  cuhoua. 




books  dftt«  frail  KoTember  14,  l/iSft.  They  are 
o^Qtiniicyiia  to  thit  preaeot  time,  and  are  alinoAt 
perfect,  one  leaf  only  (which  apparently  contained 
eotnes  tnaa  Mi.rck,  1557,  to  December,  1558) 
Jftai  bom  out,  and  they  are  io  an  udusuilIIj 
ftf  pwjtxvation.  The  extracts,  in  which 
the  spelling  aa  in  the  originals, 

The   Z<^  day   wm   baptized  Anre,  the 
11  Gmlle'g  daughter, begotten  in  Waller 

ut.     The  16  d»y  wa«  Edward  Waprfr  rair- 
•rife  3U.rgret.      [She    froa   buried   12th 


Tb«  13  dAj  vr&i  Williftm  Ballanger 
:iii\itr.    Th«  21  dftj  wore  niarricd  Edward 

,:         -mber.    The  twenty  day  was  bsptize  J  John, 

the  wtie  at  m  trmwiler, 
1^4.      AptiK     B&pti2«d  y*  i  d»r  txAb«1)»  tupposed 
Co  WiHUro  Kinge,  it  buried  y*  7  dny. 
^(oTember.     Married  y*  15  day  John  Rogcn  k 

ber.     The  16  day  married  TUomaj  \thit- 

rne]i  Fran'. 

rh.    The  «>  AtLj  bapti«ed  y"  daughter  of  a 

tan,  nfvmeri  Mfifgret. 
'i>cr.     Hapti?.c'i  y  20  day  Fruncei,  daTig' 
tvii  L»»tiffjrd,  ba<e  Ijorn. 

FebTTjary.      Buried   j*  20  day  a   trariUinge 

>laT.     Buried  y'  8  day  a  poor©  man's  childe. 
August.     Buried  y*  19  day  a  travilinge  woman. 
I'^i6.     SoTember.     Bom^  the  6  dny  Rrjbcrt  and  Dori- 
lUbr  ii"^  ^wl  dauj(hter  of  John  Whithorn.     [There  are 
wmr^%htr  «ntriei  nf  />»V'A.  1 

iVd    AuKUit.    Buried  Widdow  Werreti,  an  Atmai- 
IQM*  of  Cheltenham . 
HtCL    Mar  14.    fffancM.  ftritrn  of  a  trnTiclinir  woman, 
l^ll    December  y  seventh.    Buried  M"  Ann  Jordan, 
»:4'  f  rm.  riy  the  wife  of  ililes  Grovile,  gent 

mbcr  the  1*'.    Buried   Hen,  UaelJ,  aged 

•  ■•  -     c-i'tetnhtf  7-     Buried  Mary,  the  daughter  of 
JIarf  Clacrly,  widow,     .Small  Pox. 
1^?.    M^rl.     Baptized  Mary^  the  daughter  of  Wil- 
,     ztr, 

t.     Buried  Mary  Youiinf,  iniflwife. 

v  .  1  ,,  .,  Jftughter  of  Walter  k.  Marv  Buckle. 

Borne  y  *>7"'  of  Ap".  1>^8S.     Baptx^'  y'  IS""  Any  of  May 

Wlowrnp  in  y*  Puri^h  of  S*  Leonard's  Shored itch^  Lon- 

-ht  wu  also  bom  :  she  desired  to  bavo  it  re« 


•her  3.     Buried  Thomas  Clarke,  y'  came 


April  7.     Buried  the  bafi«  daught'  of  Elinor 
e-'-iOt  and    reputed    daogbf  of   James  Welsh,  Bine 

!'^r^.    October  29.     Baptised  Emaniiell  and  Joseph, 
Ilnb'  Slilei  and  Huaafia,  hi<<  wife  (at  one  birth). 
Nofember  26,    Buried  Nicholas  Powdawell,  al' 

'4,    March  12.     Buried  8am'  Clark  (y-  Clark). 
i;H..'  Ill     January  10.    Buried   Mary  Harding,  wid. 
(Itr«i  one  bubdrcd  k  on«). 
<rt5.    ^'oTfmber  3.    Buried  James  Booker,  a  Tra- 

"    '     May  31.    Buried  Jn*  Wilkp,  an  infmt  i*trainEer. 
:.j.    March 31.   Baptized  Richard Humi>hria( Adult). 

1730,  October  4.  Baptized  Charlton,  ion  of  a  Travel- 
ling Woman  of  the  Pariahjialao  of  B&dnum,  Ucrcford8hir<} 
{hi  she  a"). 

I  might  eaaily  add  to  the  number  of  extmcta  of 
the  same  kind,  but  the  foregoing  will,  I  think, 
suffice,  at  leaflt  for  the  present.  There  are  verj- 
many  entries  in  the  books  hijtjhly  nseful,  as  I  have 
fmind  them  to  be,  in  a  genealogical  point  of  view. 

Allow  nie,  while  writing  about  Clmrlton  Kings, 
to  append  a  short  paragniph  from  Sir  Robert 
Atkyns's  *sVafc  of  Glonccsicnhiret  p.  173  (second 
edit,,  London,  17C8)  :— 

"Jesmi  College  in  Oicford  has  the  nomination  of  tlie 
parson  [of  Cheltenham]  from  aiuonj^st  their  fellows;  and 
the  Earl  of  Gainabonjugh  baa  the  approbttion  of  him. 
The  p&raon  is  only  a  fltipendiary  ;  and  by  the  a^reemertt 
which  Sir  Baptist  Hicks  (ancestor  of  the  same  E.arl) 
ma*le  with  the  Collepe.  who  derive  iht-ir  title  under  him, 
ho  cannot  continue  longer  than  six  years;  and  thcliko 
agreement  ia  made  fur  the  parish  of  Churieton  Kirji^j." 

Tbe  patronage  of  the  parish  of  Cheltenham  ha-s 
passed  into  other  handa,  but  that  of  Charlton 
Ktnga  18  fetill' vested  in  the  principal  and  fellows 
of  ,7(01.115  College,  Oxford.  I  shall  be  glad  to  know 
more  res|jecting  the  aforesaid  limitation,  which  I 
do  not  at  pre^ient  understand,  the  late  Incumbent 
of  Charlton  Kings  having  held  the  post  for  up- 
wards of  forty  years.  Abhba. 

In  penising  the  pnges  of  Afanii  and  Manners  at 
iht  Cinirt  r>/i'7r>ri?n re— reviving,  in  a  most  agreeablt? 
manner,  the  pleasant  memories  derivtrl  from  innu- 
mentble  standard  works  of  that  very  pleasant,  and, 
perlmps,  most,  interesting  of  all  the  centuries,  the 
eighteenth— it  was,  it  must  be  tonfesscd,  rather 
surprising  to  find  the  word  "humbugging"  oc- 
curring at  so  <?nr]y  a  period  m  1760,  in  one  of  the 
letters  from  Mann  to  Walpole.  Referring  to 
Tri&trajn  Shnrnhj^  then  in  course  of  publication, 
Mann  writes  (vol*  ii.  p.  71):— 

'*  You  will  laugh  at  nie,  I  suppose,  when  I  soy  that 
I  don't  understand  it.  It  was  prubnbly  the  intention  of 
the  author  that  nobody  sfionld.  It  seems  to  me  hum- 
bugging,  if  I  have  a  ri^jht  notion  of  aa  art  of  talking 
and  writini^  that  lio-s  been  invented  since  I  left  Enghind. 
It  diverted  m**^  briwever,  eiti  eniely  ;  and  I  bog  to  huve, 
as  soon  as  possible,  the  two  other  volumes,  which  I  see 
ndvertbed  io  the  papers  for  next  Chriatmas," 

I  once  saw  a  statement  in  which  the  origin  of 
the  word  "humbug"  was  attempted  to  be  tie- 
counted  for.  Various  origins  were  assigned  to  it  ; 
but  it  seemed  to  be  tiiken  for  grunted  that  the 
word  was  the  coinage  of  thi&  century.  Among 
these  origins  it  was  stated  that,  when  Britain  wa;* 
declared  by  Napoleon  L  to  be  in  a  state  of  blockade, 
Hamburg  became,  in  consequence,  a  citj'  of  the 
greatest  impartance  ;  and  one  of  the  result's  was 
that  a  great  deal  of  false  news  can^e  from  Ham- 
burg for  the  purpose  of  atfecting  the  stock  and 
cotanaercial   maikatSj   and  that  these  and   such 


[S**  S,  V.  JAir. 

like  fftlae  reports  came  to  be  called  "  Hamburg," 
which  was  softened  into  **"  humbug";  uod  heuce, 
it  was  aaid,  the  origin  of  the  term.  TJie  preceding 
extract  puta  nn  end  to  any  such  idea. 

The  word  "humbug"  is  not  given  in  the  sixth 
edition  of  Dr.  Johnson's  Didionary,  published  in 
1785,  nor,  it  ig  believed,  in  the  prior  editions  ;  nor 
in  Ktchf»rdson's  Jjictionnnj,  published  in  1S4<5  ; 
nor  in  The  Student's  English  Dktionary,  by  OgU- 
vie,  published  in  186G  ;  but  it  occurs  in  Noah 
Webster's  Dictionary ^  published  in  or  about  1833, 
as  follows :  "Humbug,  an  imposition  [a  low 

It  eeemsj  howcTer,  to  be  perfectly  evident  that 
Mann  used  the  word  as  one  of  settled  use  und 
meaning  when  he  wrote  in  1760,  I  am  not  aware 
if  any  prior  instance  of  its  use  can  be  found.  It 
i»  more  than  probable  that  it  had  been  one  of 
those  words  whieh  have  floated  about  in  popular 
parlance  for  many  years,  perhaps  for  many  ages, 
tefore  being  reilueed  to  writing,  I  woiJil  now 
fiuhmit  that  "  humbug  "  13  very  closely  rehited  to 
the  Latin  word  "ambage"  (gr  hard),  both  in  sound 
and  in  meaning,  rtnd  consequently  in  ongin.  As 
showing  the  exact  resemblance  in  meaning  between 
these  two  wonln,  allow  me  to  extract  from  Little- 
ton's Latin  Diciionai-y  {4X\i  edition,  1703)  the 
meanings  of  *'«mbage."    Tiiese  are  :^ 

'*  A  long  circumstance  of  words,  a  t^dioug  etory  to  no 
parptiae,  &  tnio  of  Robin  Hood;  a  cotripaas  or  f«'tcii 
ivbout ;  prettmblca.  impertineticies,  intricate  pasetapes. 
tumiD^i  and  windings;  beaming  about  thebaflUj  dark, 
tnysfcenooi  sayinj^i." 

Meanings  more  thoroughly  descriptive  of  "  hum- 
bug '■  than  these  cannot  be  conceived,  with  one 
exception,  that  of  "a  tale  of  Robin  Hood'';  the 
value  of "  tales  of  Robin  Hood  "  having  risen  very 
greatly  in  the  market  of  literature  since  the  year 
1703.  But  all  the  other  meaning*  seem  mast 
fully  to  justify  the  couckision  that  *'ambngc  "  and 
"humbug"  are  very  slightly  differing  modifica- 
tions of  the  same  word^  unlesa  proof  of  a  very 
clear  anil  most  positive  nature  can  be  adduced  to 
show  the  contrary.  Hewry  Kiluouh. 

[Tlie  title  pB go  of  th«  Vniverml  Jester  (published  be- 
tween 1735  40)  state*  thmt  *'  the  book  ia  a  choice  «oUbc- 
tjoTi  fif  .  .  .  ck'richorSf  cloi^ers,  lorn  matj,  and  humbug,*' 
In  Ttit  OmmnMiur^  1754  56,  i.  108,  •^' hmubuK  "  i»  de- 
fintfl  m  "  tk  new-cnined  expression  which  is  only  to  be 
found  in  tlie  nonBerisical  vocnbulary."  In  ISCO  the 
Uoohftfcr  en):;r«'¥«te«l  the  derirution  of  the  word  from 
"ainbage,"  which  word  fimplying  tedir>ug  deceptive 
circunilwctitii'U)  waa  cruployed  as  nn  Englii^h  word  by 
Puttenbam,  in  hii  Art  of  Poftie,  1580,  '' Withont  any 
Inng  Btudy  or  trdinua  ambai:;© " ;  by  Dckkor,  in  Lis 
Whore  of  /J*»ftj^foK.1607,  "  Yare  fuH  of  aniboge  ";  and  io 
Vicar'i  Kirtft^,  1(j32:- 

•*  The  Ctimae&n  Sibyl  linga 
Ambigui^ua  ambages" ; 
the  rendering  of— 

*•  Cain«?ft  Sibylla 
Iforrtndax  ciinit  ambages." 
For  farther  lalornuition  see  *'  N.  k  Q.,"  !•♦  S.  viL  550^ 

m  ;  Tiii.  fit,  161,  232.  422,  49*,  575;  3-*  S.  v,  470; 
a.  X.  3ai,  5U9.J 


Amonrrst  the  Stretton  MSS.  in  the  Xottingl 
Free  Public  Reference   Library  ia  the  folloiri 
series  of  orders  for  the  proper  manafjement  of 
parrison  in  Nottin^duuu  in  1(!44,  sijrned 
"  Maior,^  William  Nix,  and  Cob  Hutchin 

"  ^Ir.  Mainr  and  the  Governor  doe  require 
iif  hntsooTcr  within  tbi«  GarriBon  (for  the  better  ord«' 
and  goyeraini;!!  of  the  aame)   to  take   notice   nf 
orderftbere  followinj?,  a»  tboy  will  answer  the  contrary 

'*1.  If    anyone  sluili   bee   found   idley  standinse 
walkinge   in  tbe  j<trcctc  in  sermon  tyme,  or  playing 
any  giini««  upon  the  aaUath  or  fast  day.  Itee  ahall 
halfe  a  ciowne,  or  suflcr   impnaonin*  tilt  bee  pay 

**2.  If  anyone    shall   bee    found    drinkintjc    in 
Taveme,  Inne,  or  AlehouBO  on  the  faL^ith   or  fs^t  dni 
heo  elmll  pay  l%nr  KuflFer  impriaonm'  till   1. 
eame  ;  Ami  tbe  m'  of  that  bouse  shall  pay  f  : 
8<>e  taken  in  it  1',  and  if  hea  oQend  tho  6ecui4K^  „ ,  .,,„ 
shall  be  disenabled  for  tellinge  winej,  olej  or  heart 

"  3.  If  any  Taverne,  Tnne,  or  Alehouse  max 
any  wine,  ale,  or  t-eare  out  of  their  bouj- 
Fabatb  or  fast  day  (except  to  any  one  who  _,,, 

the  first  ofl«nce  ho  fhalt  pay  10'  (t),  fur  the  sccoodl 
aad  for  tbe  third  disenobled  for  lellinj^e  any  wine, 
bi?ftre  any  more. 

**  4.  If  any  Tmtlesman  Bhall  carry  home  any 
any  of  tbeir  Customers  nn  tha  wibath  day,  they  a 
feit  tb^ir  work  mid  euB^ar  A  weeka  impriaonm'. 

"  5.  If  anyone  shall  kcepc  open  iiny  shuppe,  or 
sell  any  c  >mo.ditic«  whataoaver,  on   the  sabath  or 
dayei,  the  buyer  Bhnll  pay  1*,  and  tbe  seller  1*,  and 
iiupriBonm*  till  hee  pay  the  ^ame  (unfe«a  it  hea  upon 
extraordinary  occasion  for  one  that  ia  sick). 

'*d.  I i  anyone  Bhall  nvyenre,  iit'e  shall  pay  iij'*  fore 
oatho,  or  ^Uiffo^  impriaonm'  till  heo  pay  tlje  ^ame. 

"  7.  If  anyone  aball  be  drunke,  hee  Hlinll  pay  fire 
lingB,  or  suffer  Imprisonm*  till  bee  puy  the  fiimn  ;  am 
m'  of  tho  IwJUBe  where  bee  was  nrndcTdruakf  »hall  p*y 
and  likewise  fiuffer  impris'.nim*  till  bee  pay  tbe  sama. 

*'  8.  If  anyi»ne  ubidl  bee  found  tipltnge  or  drinkingfl 
any  taYeme,  Intie.  or  Alcbouisr  after  the  boure  of  nyn* 
the  clock  Atnifjht^  when  the  Tjip  too  beate!»,  bee  «h»ll 
2' 6*;  And  the  liouge  for  the  first  tyme  shcdl  puy  S 
fnr  every  man  m  found,  and  the  »eoi>nd  tynro  5%  and 
the  third  tynic  be  disenabled  for  MlUng«  wine,  «le, 
bei*re  nuy  more. 

**  0.  If  any  soldier  ilinll  hee  found  drinkinge  in 
Quarters  nfter  nyne  of  thr  clock  at  night  wljpn  the 
too  hatli  beaten,  they  «ba1l  pay  2%  or  Kuflfer  24  hours 
priionm'  w*^  bread  and  water. 

"  10.  If  any  Tnverno.  Inne,  or  Alehouse  foerer  ahi 
Bell  auy  wine,  ale.  or  boa  re  (eicepl  upon  an  extraoriUi 
occasion  to  one  that  is  pick)  after  the  houre  of  nj 
the  clock  at  nijiht,  after  the  taptoo  hatb  beaten, 
the  RcTclly  bath  beaten  the  next  mornini;;?,  hee 
pay  1*.  or  suffer  impriaonm'  till  hce  pay  the  same  ; 
hce  who  fetcheH  tb*  drinke  after  the  afnrcfaid   h 
shall  paj  2"  6',  or  suffer  impriioam*  till  hee  pay  (he 

"  Whosnerer  shall  give  Information  cf  any  pson 
ahall  comitt  any  of  these  offences,  he  shall  hitvc  halfe 
penalties  sett  upon  them  for  his  reward, 

"Will,  Nix,  Maior 
"JoHK  HeTeniKsojr." 




On  ^hr:  lt«ok  ti  ^  abeet  of  foolscap  folio  paper 
«t  ^hft  •Uoo  IS  TrrilUri  there  is  A  note, 

j;i  ntctitm  $c*T  a  corj^oml  to  **  See  to  y* 

b«#  arAem  to-dAv/'  and  dMed  *'  Stib- 

Kt  chiefly  of  leiiJtl  docu- 

tlie  neigh Ixmrhood  of 

le-la-Zoach,    including 

from  and  to  Riebjird 

"  '■'tinder,  nnd  Daine 

nder  nf  the  Not- 

«  iii^Fi   .  .  iL'.tl,     The  collection 

rt  of  ftdniinistration  of  Sir  Isaac 

IT.-:    r   TTER  BRisroR,  F.R.H.S.,  &c„ 
Principal  Libnirian. 

'TV  r 


Es,— I  little  thf)iii:;ht  that  the 

shich,  lUH  a  child,  I  used  to 

<«,'  could  boast,  as  a  jfjvme, 

iritiquitj  lu  I  had  hitely  an 

;r,,-,,,     l-tvine   occasion    to 

i  FdicU  (ktnrins. 

in-,  ho  S!iuntered 

at  Ostia,  re* 

i  on  the  beach 

I  |;;entie  trend,    Atter  describing 

rt  presented  on  that  occasion,  fw 

id  yemty  waves  on  the  shore* 

of  a  marine  piiinter,  they 

"Uirj'e  the  ships  were  dmwn  up 

a  the  shore,  and  here   they  are 

d  by  witneft'-ing  the  boys  playint; 

'>e  culled  ducks  and  drakes.     The 

natural  that  its  beauty 

?pt  at  a  transliition  :— 

<iO  litu  dii^Uii 

nilem,  quantum 

jjjiiiiijroL'tMu ;  ux  lii  li  jflrculmii  re)  dirimm 

T*1  enataret,  dum  Icni  imtictu  Tahittir ; 

^  ■'-''"(bus   iuiiils.  enijcaret.  irm^rjiteret^  durri 

auf      Ti  *e  in  pu^-rw  victflrem  fere- 

^   p^^>currelet  lonjijiua  et   frcqueniiuj 

Tlii*  flinduih  game   w-ai  culled   by  the  Greeks 

r^io?,  and  18  thjis  described  by  Jnliiis 

i«.  cjip,   vif.   119  (edit.   Henag.^  foL, 

rTfiaKitr)ti^,  uarrptLKOv  tmv  $a  Xarritav 

ar^s  e-jriroXiyif  a<^i.ufrii',  api^jUoviTc? 

-pi  Tor   KaraCivvai   Tny^yJ/iaTa   iv   t^ 

"yp  €rrtJjpofxi) :  Ik  yap  tqv  TrXT/^ofs 

in  t  11  ,r,   on   tlw»  abw  ,  in  this  edition, 

ii:he  frtll.*winif  frv)tn  I  arf  27.  ^,  :— 

K»  »    •  ■ '       f  *     »  p  ^ 

fli  t*  «s^»frTpa»fiiT/iu»    ettjoi;  (?€   oiTo?  Trairmx^^ 

*i^'  j]»'.  (AatTti',  oirrpnHia  srA<iT«a  «KTerpi/i/J.«ra 

*<Xa*x*n7?  xynorfvTflit    uraTOi  t^?  eirtdifweiai 

ttToiTytraiTa     Ai'uifrt     Kara    ^aAacro-jJ'S,    yfOLtrTrjIf 

In  the  edirJon  of  Minucinii  Felix  from  whicli  T 
have  niioted  (Oiizelins,  Lu;j,  Bat,,  U.I72,  Svo.)  ihere 
h  an  interestinj^  en{,Tavin^  before  the  title,  repre- 
senttng  the  three  pernons  who  carry  on  tJie  db- 
lajrue.  The  figure  in  the  Centre  is  Minucius  Felix, 
who  Slit*  a.**  the  judi^e  ;  the  cawse  of  the  controversy 
is  Ciccilius,a  heathen,  who  is  rebuked  byOctavins, 
a  Chriatian,  becnnse,  lueetinfj  with  nn  efti^ry  of 
Serapis  (who  is  represented  in  the  back^rrouml  of 
the  pu^tnre),  he  seemed  io  pjiy  respect  to  it— **ut 
vul;.'t'..s  MiperstitioiHJ)*  solet,  itiarvniii  ori  ndmovens, 
ojtcnluiu  bbiia  presait."  At  the  left-hand  si4o  of 
the  entiraving  may  be  seen  ^muo  boy  playing 
at  ducks  and  dndtes,  and  the  smooth  pebbles 
gliincinjLj  over  the  surface  of  the  water,        K.  C 


Sit,EN*T  H.^A  funny  story  was  told  nie  of  a 
chimney-sweep  who  had  to  letter  sotne  flues  in  a 
lat^c  hot^sc,  in  order  tbiit  they  iniijht  be  easily 
d{»tifj^uii«hed  froui  each  other.  When  bis  work 
W.I**  fjnne,  he  called  hi-*  uiaat^T  and  said,  '*  Now, 
sir,  I've  put  1>  for  the  dmintr-room,  N  for  tho 
nursery,  and  A  for  the  'all/'  But  this  mim  was 
only  consistent  in  hut  error.  He  never  pronounced 
his  /**«,  uad  so  be  rcfraincii  from  writing  them. 
The  lilcmry  Mrislocnwy  of  the  courUry  are  not  «o. 
Tbi'V  atknowlcdj,'!'  A  in  the  orthogKiphy  of  several 
words,  whilst  tliey  i;_'nore  it  in  their  pronuneiatioa. 
[  have  never  anywhere  seen  n  satisfactory  expLi* 
nation  of  this  phenomenon  ;  but  perbups  the  fol- 
lowing solution  may  bi«  sufficient.  It  juny  be  laid 
down  as  a  Kencnd  rule  that,  whiUt  j^uttunvla  aljound 
in  Northern  dialects,  they  wither  away  and  vanish 
in  the  South  :  and  therefore  it  is,  r'  priori,  probable 
that  if  a  won!  were  «-oinod  in  Northern  regions, 
and  imi>orted  into  some  Southern  ton^^ue,  it  would 
lose  aliooAt  entirely  any  pitturals  tliat  it  mights 
possess.  It  would,  indeed,  be  very  interesting  if 
some  who  have  more  time  and  ability  than  myself 
would  discover  what  proportion  of  words  in  Eng- 
lish with  initial  h  silent  come  orvjinaUif  from 
Northern  languaj^'es ;  because  if  this  be  not  a  satis- 
factory answer  to  my  ijuestion,  I  do  not  vqq  what 
reply  can  be  piven.  I  know  that  in  Enjfland,  at 
any  rate,  the  aspirate  is  recogni/.eti  incre:iaingly  u4 
one  proceeds  north  ;  and  I  should  think  we  might 
argue  from  our  own  country  to  Europe  as  a  whole, 
generallv  speaking.  W.  H» 

Untfieid  Udl,  Durb&m. 

Bebr,  the  eervitia  of  former  days,  is  no  longer 
the  drink  of  Northern  nations  only.  It  ia  con- 
sumed all  over  the  South  as  well.  Italy  has  her 
hirtnrit\,  and  Spain  ber  cfrre«ruTJ,  and  Egypt 
brews  her  own  beer  now  as  in  the  dfiys  of  Hero- 
dotus. But  this  was  not  the  case  in  the  seven- 
teenth centui7  ;   and  an  idea  may  be  formed  of 




tbe  n  vers  ion  with  which  Northern  drinks  wpre 
regarded  i)y  the  Italiuna  of  that  day  fron;  I  be 
following  lines  of  Francesco  Eedi  i — 

"  Cbi  )ii  squftllidft  ccrf  ogia 
Alle  UbrjL  pile  cnngiugnv 
Frct^to  nmore,  o  rado  giapie 
Air  etJ^  Tcccbia  q  bHrttogia. 
Bevft  U  fidro  d'fnglultemh 
Clii  vuol  gir  presto  soiUini : 
Chi  tudI  ifir  prestto  a  I  In  morte, 
Le  bevande  titi  dd  Not  to/' 

ykcw  m  rtrfogjiiEi,  di'tiravd'O. 

That  beer  wn.i  hel*l  in  no  higher  bonout  in  Fninee 
in  the  fifteenth  centuiy  we  find  in  a  fionq,  written 
ngttinst  Ihe  English  during;  the  ^ie^^e  of  Pontoise 
(1441),  nntl  given  by  the  chronicler  Jean  C-bartier. 
I  subjoin  the  firwt  couplet  :^ 

"  En  Ire  vauft,  AnglDia  ct  XoriiiBn!«^f 

Fuyez  Timi  en,  prenez  ]e«  chanifi^s, 

Oiiblie^  1«  riTi^re  dXiiw^ 

Et  retounitz  a  la  cerrc^iae 

lie  quoy  toqi  esiei  toui  uijurrii,'* 

Afl  for  the  Komi  ana,  they  tboti^ht  very  ditterently 
in  the  tbiriceuth  century,  nnd  the  BritUh  Miiseiiui 
po?Fep-^ta  a  nismn script  of  i*  s^ong  dntin^  from  that 
period,  nnd  culled  LttabinuhiRf 'wh.e^cln^\G  find  : — 
''  Or  hi  parm 
La  ccrreysu  vk^b  chantera: 
Qui  que  aukea  en  beji. 
Si  tol  Njyt  CMniine  eatre  doit : 
lies  tniruuda." 


The  SrtrooLiiOT  to  tiik  Fore,— One  winter  in 
xiiy  pchool  days,  during  the  Christmas  holidays,  I 
rend  ti*i  ii^\u\[  the  prolofrnc  jind  epilogue  t*>  the 
"WcM minuter   pky"^the  Andria  tb:*t  ymr,  if 

I  w^meiuber  ri^btly,  A  line  in  the  epilogue 
pleaded  me  ^L'ru.itly,  rnnninfc  '*  cam  posit  o  pede»'^ 
and  having  th<>  true  poetic  rini;;,     I  therefore  com- 

II  lit  ted  it  to  ijiemory,  for  use  upon  occasbn.  The 
line  KTrts— 

Tile  ^yracoaiua  |irotulit  arte  Etiicx/' 

In  the  next  a  Ihcsls*  ;;iivc  me  the  desired 
opportunity,  irnd  I  prodmied  my  treasure  a«t  a 
gem  in  my  copy  of  verges.  I  showed  them  up  to 
Arthnr  ileyrick,  He  hiid  a  habit  of  nodding  his 
hertd  and  comntesslnf;  his  Vms^  like  the  Duke  of 
\VclliD;Tton,  when  RnythiniJ  pleased  or  tickled  him. 
He  ftiivc  three  noda  :ib  he  rend  the  line  ;  read  it 
sdoud  twice  over  T^itli  the  giisto  of  an  alderman 
over  his  inrtle,  ami  gave  me  the  *ci  oo*  which  I 
expected  and  the  verse  dcBent'cd.  Many  years  after- 
wards I  found  the  line  in  nn  old  claaait;— I  think 
Chmdiiin.  Westminster  had  "  cribbed  "  it  from 
the  old  clasaic,  and  I  had  "cribbed^'  it  from  Weat- 
jninster.     **  Crib  for  ever  1 "' 


BniDOES'a       "  NoUTHAMrrONSHlEE." — ^On     1 

blank  leaf  of  the  first  volume  of  a  copy  of  diu 
work  now  before  me  i»  the  foUowing  note, 
written.,  apparently,  at  the  close  of  the  last  oeotiuy, 
by  the  then  owner  of  the  book  ; — 

"Mr.  Bridge!  waa  of  Barton  S^p^r^f  w&n  of  Jobs 
Bridget,  Esq.,  of  the  lanie  i>tae«,  who  wa*  son  of  Colcad 
John  Bridji^ea,  of  Alceiter,  in  Warwickshire.     The  tnti- 

guary  wan  Lorti  at  Bi  afield,  CO.  Berk  a,  about  1666.  \mt^ 
fiy-eigbt  veura  of  a$re  at  hia  death  in  1724.  He  wn 
bred  lo  the  law,  which,  howerer,  he  n«ver  much  fnt]owi4 
Ofl  a  profeasion,  beinif  tfoHcitoF^  and  after irftrdi  eto- 
R^i&iioTifr  of  tlifi  cuatonii  nhd  euhier  of  exciic.  Bf 
began  hii  coliectioDa  for  thia  work  m  1T1!)>  and  trpfoid 
sererat  tliDUftaiid  pounds  in  tranicripti  from  pttbRck 
office^  kc  He  left  th^m  as  an  belt-bom  to  hi*  brotlw 
Wllliani  of  tbf!  SUmp  tiflice,  who  coiiaigned  tbvmtocw 
(•ibboni,  R  LoniJoii  bookiellcn  This  person  CfifipA 
Sam.  Jebh,  M,D,,  of  Stamfuriii,  to  conipile  a  biatorrfiw 
them;  rnirl  H  *riti  bef^n  to  b«  publishefl  in  numben^of 
whicb  tix  or  K^en  appealed  ;  ^flcr  which,  on  tb«  bank* 
ruptcjaf  Uibboni,  the  vtwk  wna  d]icQatmti0d,  but  ik 
colkctiuna  remain I'd  with  Dr.  Jobb,  At  Uagtb  tk 
([entry  of  Knrthnmptonfihire  took  up  th«  builnfl«^  tk 
cinims  of  Vr.  Jebb  were  liciuldated  by  Wtlllam  Cm*- 
writfht,  Esq.,  M.P,,  and  the  MSB,  put  into  the  lundi  d 
a  comnuttef,  who  emplo^ved  Mr.  Whallej.*  Ha  anla^ 
th«  plnn  by  the  intrmlustion  of  bii>|^phlca1  anetdow^ 
but  after  the  rompilntion  was  completed,  and  mujchofit 
primed,  it  slill  Uy  donnant  fov  many  years.  Tki*  4* 
vol,  bowf'Ter,  appeared  in  IT^^'I.  pui't  of  the  tecDnd  ii 
ITiil^  and  in  17Tl^  th«  remainder  wu  Announwd  fo 
publicmtion-    But  it  did  not  come  out  till  17Sd." 

Thomas  Nobth. 
The  llank^  Leiec«ter. 

Rradikq  the  NicENE  Grkrd. — A  very  commw 
mistake  is  ninde  by  clerg>"uien,  who  read,  "Hw 
LfmJ-!Uid-M;iver  nf  life,"  infilead  of ''The  Lord|U)d 
Giver-of-Hfe,"  which  is  the  tranRharon  of  theGre^ 
ori^'inal — to  Kvptov  Kal  frh*otro£or.  A  popobr 
hymn  has,  **Thon,  of  life  the  Lortl  and  giwr.' 
Another  reading  Jiduiita  of  doubt,  hut  I  eoniider 
it  erroneoujt.  I  have  heard  a  very  hij^fa  drgnituy 
say  cm  phut  i  cully  f  "  God  of  God,  light  ojt  li<rhr,  "way 
Gad  of  very  God  ,  .  .  ."  I  should  prefer  '^Godflf 
God  ;  ,  .  ,  ,  begotten  ;  not  made,"  connecting  6«of 
iK  r^to?  ....  with  y^rnj^nTa.  S,  T.  P, 

P.S,^I  think,  too,  the  words  "with  glory' 
ought  to  he  reiuJ  parenthetically,  ao  as  to  M 
separated  from  ''  ujjjiin." 

SvriFT's  Rf  ETAT^uoua— Mr.  FoTster,  in  his  Lift 
of  Sitift,  I  p,  :»7,  quotes  Johnson  as  sayiDg  « 
Swift,  "  The  «ly  dog  never  ventures  at  Ji  luetaphoi.' 
When  nnd  where  is  this  saying  of  Johnson  re- 
corded 1  In  his  life  of  Swift,  Johoaon  says  of 
him  (Muq>hy*s  ed.^  1TD2^  li.  p.  38),  "  That  he  li» 
in  hia  workH  no  metaphor,  [i@  has  been  said,  ia  n^t 
triie,"  Johnson  had  always  a  atrong  prejadic* 
against  Swift,  but  the  term  "  sly  dog  "  as  applied 
to  the  Dean  is  hardly  "  Johnaoniau.^* 

Edwaed  Sollt. 

*  ''  Tlie  Rot.  Ptter  WhaUey,  kte  Pellow  itt  BU  J<*a* 
College,  OifurJ."' 




r«|M«  Mmtpondentfl  deiirin^  informfttloD 
on  faiBilj  wmUtn  9t  onlj  private  interest,  to  aiSix  their 
KiUBM  aM  adtaHt  to  tliolr  querieii,  in  oiMer  that  the 
mmf  te  iddr(i>Bd  (o  them  direct.] 

■li^...  ;.i. 

vrKNRy?"  (See  Di Ike's   Pajicrs 
..  p,  60.) — A  correspondent  from 
ffia  arnl*^  to  me : — 
VfecB  I  wgiJ<d  in  PonUfract,  tertral  y«*rs  aifo,  I 
«i  £t,  GiJci«'t  Cburcb  in  that  town  a  Urge 
waBiOOtMt  tntcrib«d  aa  follows: — 
•  f\...  ij^^nr^ttd  to  trMlK  MitoricaL 

■■,  the  TJrtuoui,  and  the  juat, 
.'iiei  ^ith  tTiPir  nntive  dust. 
«ud*a  iiouors  -i  •  hU  face, 

'd  llift  anna  ttgn  1  lidh  rae«. 

hope,  Mord:.^,..,   .„.^^ater,  DftkeU, 
•nd  rapturOf  if  alive,  could  tell 
be  fotixlit,  whilst  fighting  aught  avail'd^ 
T  * '  i  when  our  numbers  faiTJ. 

li  !  'scapes  and  Moody  toils  relicv'd, 

\f  l  '  „       .  '     '  ne'er  a  wound  rcceir'd. 
Vporticd  at  cowards  with  becctininjL?  pride, 
mh  hiM  aim,  and  providence  his  guide, 
neglected  and  rcduc'd,  be  sped 
one  niurinnr  to  Uin  horiiely  ihed. 
forth,  at  lait,  by  warlike  GtoTtjt  to  view, 
bis  broad  sword,  acd  he  used  it  too ; 
heart  at  htliintjen  was  try*d. 

low'd  with  Wflfiarn  at  his  «id<!>, 
rou9,  in  his  country's  cause, 
^  n  hjm  with  a  lotid  apptause; 

ajtors  sought  his  mooter's  right,, 

for  once  for;^'ot  to  fluht; 
edfng  son  was  prisoner  rnade» 
Were  sheltered  by  their  white  cockade, 
ill  vine,  his  fig-tree,  and  his  wife, 
"  impetuous  to  the  doubtful  strife, 
and  target  grac'd  his  joyous  huj], 
I'd  by  hia  iword,  cuiruM,  and  iron  cawl. 
A«ik)  busy  mortals  a«k,  "  How  much  he  gave 
^blafiTe  children  "  ere  he  sought  the  grave  : 
he  gate.  nrhiUt  liTJng,  to  his  boii« 
is  dm(?ht*r4,  blt-i^Btd  portions — 
!  the  best  thfit  children  cun  receive, 
I  the  best  that  best  of  meti  can  give. 
d  their  roinds  to  every  gospel  grace 
t"'  '^^ir'  ■— iutant  in  her  plact;). 

■:  demanded  other  cares, 
for  learned  c;uidcs  he  aparci* 
let,  blc«3  viii\\  thy  reluctiuit  teari^i 
itiaq  foldier  in  the  vale  of  years. 
Ilia oomndes,  by  his  triDOp  reverd ; 
men  courted,  by  the  wicked  feor'd ; 
Lonour^  trttth.  and  justice  can  ensure 
his  •oul,  in  bltM  he  lives  fecure/ 
lUubew  Swinney  woa  horn  in  the  kingdom 
to  the  year  of  our  Lord  1*!184.     He  married 
eldett  daughter  of  Rob.  Kitchintnan,  Esq.,  by 
he  had  r^ii"  three  wtip  wnd  two  daughters,  all  hij 
'■      '     '  ^'       '    "  "    ^         I  eighty-two yeani, 
•>ld  church.    The 
■  \na  meant  to  con- 
•ak'U  Uj  tlte  unlearned  reader, 
1  tongue,  and  the  monument 
«»3-«  r:iivc-,i  ui.  till-  I  itit  nicvtion  of  tbe  deceaaed'fl 
ir*t«— George,  fitulprt/,  and  Poladen." 

as  this  the  Sydney  Swinney  referred  to  by 

Waodfall  i  It  certiiinly  seems  consistent  tliat  a 
Btout  old  warrior  like  the  Major  should  huve  a  son 
an  army  chaplnln.  Further  information  could 
doubtless  be  obtained  ut  Pontefract.  The  Kit- 
chinmans  were  mayors  of  that  place  in  the  reigns 
of  Geo.  I.,  II,  (ind  III,,  ^nd  the  name  of  George 
Swinney  occurs  as  mayor  in  1760.  C,  V. 

"Coming  through  tiik  rtie,"— Tn  both  the 
English  and  American  editions  of  the  |)oem3  of 
Burns,  there  is  a  note  preceding  the  siony  "Comiog 
through  tlie  rye,"  which  seems  to  indicate  that  ifc 
is  not  an  original  work  of  the  poet,  but  an  amended 
version  of  an  old  song.  I  hnve  ulso  hejird  it  said, 
nnd  from  the  hiuguage  of  the  song  imi  disjiosed  to 
believe  the  report  to  be  true,  that  by  *'  rj^e  "  is 
meant,  not,  as  is  generally  supposed  in  America, 
a  gmin  field,  but  a  rivulet  in  Ayrshire  niiiued  Rye* 
Cannot  some  one  of  your  corrp^pondents  tlirow 
light  on  these  points  ?  Scoto-Amkricus. 

Old  Esgravino  of  Bauson  or  Sedberoh. — A 
friemJ  of  mine  showed  me  recently  a  large  mezzo- 
tint engraving  of  this  celebrity,  who  was,  I  believe, 
an  eminent  schoolmaster  and  matbematician  at 
the  end  of  the  hst  and  at  the  beginning  of  the 
present  centurj',  at  Sedberghj  in  Yorkshire.  The 
enfrmvingf,  which  bad  been  purchased  at  ibe  sale 
of  Professor  Sedgfwick,  who  had  been  an  old  pupil 
of  Dawson's  at  Sedbergh,  represents  him  as  stand- 
ing, and  pointing  with  bis  finger  to  an  open  book^, 
over  which  a  grey-headed  man  in  a  sitting  [wsture 
ift  bencJinif,  the  back  of  whose  head  h  depicted. 
The  countenance  of  Dawson  exhibits  both  intellect 
and  benevolence  of  the  highest  order  •„  and  in  the 
chancel  of  the  church  ht  Sedbergh,  of  which  place 
he  w!i.*ii  a  native,  is  a  bust  of  him.  Gunning,  in  his 
liemininfencdg  of  Vainbridge^  speaks  of  Dawson  us 
^"Ttne  whose  chamcter  at  that  time  (/.<;,  ctrca 
1786}  stood  very  bi^fh  aa  a  teacher  of  tnathematic?, 
a.nii  many  North -countrymen  were  amongst  liis 
pupiis"  (jfeoond  edition,  vol.  ii.  p.  SIM,  He  was 
presumably  educated  at  St.  John's  College,  Cs\iu- 
bridge,  as  the  Mastership  of  Sedbergb  School  is  in 
the  gift  of  that  College  ;  but  a  search  for  hit*  name 
amongst  the  Mathematical  Triposes  in  the  Cam- 
brt*l'jc  University  Cakndar  has  proved  fruitless. 

1.  Is  there  any  memoir  in  exiitenc*  of  Dawi'on? 

2.  Is  the  name  of  the  engraver  of  the  mezzo- 
tint known  1 

3.  Is  it  known  who  is  represented  by  the  seated 
figure  in  the  engraving  f 

Jon?!  PlCKFOED,  M.A. 
Newboume  Rfctory,  Woodbridge. 

S.  Prout.— In  the  year  1821  was  published,  by 
Akerman,  a  book  of  Htbograph  views,  principally 
of  buildings.  I  cannot  give  the  title.  The  views 
were  drawn  on  the  atone  by  Prout  ;  they  are  sub- 
scribed "  S.  Prout  delV'  with  the  name  of  the 
place,  and  some,  but  not  aU>  ha^G  ui^tl  U\ft  dxvK- 



(f/'s.  v.jiN.  aC' 

ing  htf?  iijonogmm.  I  hnTo  ulwnys  nndcrstootJ 
that  tlie  lithogmphR  were  fmui  ori^jioal  dniwingrs 
by  Proat,  hut  have  now  some  rejison  to  <U*nhi 
this ;  for,  urwn  an  evidently  cooteiiiporanroiis 
Wftter-colour  amwin^^'^,  in  nay  possession,  of  Mickle- 
gntc  Bar  at  York,  the  subject  of  one  of  the  litho- 
}^niplij»,  with  which  it  nf^nreeH  in  every  stroke,  I 
have  hit*iy  Jiscovered  the  tiinrnjiture  "J.  M.  W. 
Turner/'  I  have  hiiJ  the  dmwing  Nome  venr^, 
and  have  always  shown  it  as  a  Proiit,  hut  ]t  hua 
l>een  rcuiBrfced  by  muny  that  it  is  in  parts  very 
like  Turner's  work.  The  lithoirniph  has  DPither 
the  signature  of  Tamer  nor  the  monotTrfim  of 
Proiit,  I  conckidfj  wilb  the  query,  Were  the 
iithographfj  from  the  dniwin;^'<»  of  various  artists  ? 
The  title-page  of  the  boolc,  which  I  have  been 
unable  to  meet  with,  might  throw  some  light  oij 
this.  A;  R  B, 

Edoar  Allan  Poe.— 

•*  Tlie  Utica  Olmyr^r  merit'icn*,  as  a  fiurt  which  h»9 
eicaped  the  notice  of  ail  h«  biogrnpliert.  tliat  Edpnr 
Allan  Poe  waa  the  (rnmdfon  of  Benedict  ArnoUl.  Hi» 
mf»t.h*r,  who  im*  known  brfore  h^r  iiiarri(i|;:e  *«  Elizn- 
I'cth  Arnold,  an  Eneli§h  actress,  was  the  natuml  tlnugh- 
ter  of  the  traitor.  This  staten»cnt  restfl  on  the  concurrent 
teitmiony  of  a  number  of  old  actors  who  knew  l^Iixubctli 
Arnold  well.  l*oe  himwlf  alluded  to  the  matter  occa- 
sionallT  in  the  company  of  those  who  knew  thi«  ch»i»t«r 
in  his  famtlj  hbtory." 

Can  any  of  the  reuders  of  "N.  &  Q.*"  verify  thi«  ? 


J^toi  Club,  New  York. 

PriFDICTIOy  OF  THE  C'RlMnAX  WAn,  — I  should 
be  glad  to  aacertriin  the  origin  of  the  folio win^^ 
lines,  which  passed  current  as  a  prediction  of  the 
Crimean  wnr,  and  whiL^h  I  copied  front  the  newa- 
papor.^  of  thnt  tin^e,  but  unfortunately  without 
milking  any  further  note  thereof  : — 
"  Trln  miranfla  .' 
Onines  Cbri»tii\in  bttoh  Mumpnt  contra  Turcam, 

PrtiRter  ChriKtianiMuntim. 
Otnne*  filii  ecclflsia*  bcUum  contra  Ttircato  parant, 

rr?ct#r  PriiiJO(!:enHun(i. 
Omnia  animalia  laudtnt  Deum  ob  partitC]  d«  Turcii 
Prajter  Oallum." 

James  T.  Presley, 

"CoMltKNTARIE     r?ON    THE    EpISTLK     TO     THE 

Galatiaks."— <  !an  you  pive  ine  any  information 
as  to  the  author  i»f  this  book,  in  my  posses.sion  ? 
It  haw  lost  its  title-pa^e.  h  purports  to  have 
been  written  about  forty  years  after  the  introtluc- 
tioti  of  Proteataotisin  into  thL?  country,  Ps.  xci.  i:j 
hi  tran^latt'd.  **  They  that  trust  in  iUkX  shall  wdke 
upon  the  L)on  andBasiliske."      L.  A,  Simon, 

PniCTlIT-nniiH»  12tl  xMtLRS  X.  FROM  GOA,  AND 

"  nf>ltitiHif»  do  Voypp-'B  rlani  rKiUMy.o  clirttiennc,"  pnr 

Mil. '  Perichetti ;  (en  Ital  *r.)  -  M«rrnrie  -le  Vt«i;«i  per 

IJi'jropa    Christiana/'  dell*  Abbute  G.   B.    Perichetto 

Nnplesp  V^y%:>.    5  vol  in42.  Bibliotbcqae  tJniTenellei 
VoyjigcB,  vol.  1.  p.  2s*5. 

Wi».s  the  family  of  the  Abbe  Perichotti  conix 
in  any  way  with  India  ;  or  c^in  the  identity 
two  tionies  be  otherwise  accounted  fori 

Starcross,  near  Eicter, 

KonKHT  Brow  jr.— I  have  a  pamphlet 
pnfies,  Vfnf.%  to  the  Mcmwy  of  a  Brotkrr, 
author's  name,  place  or  name  of  printer,  or 
but  a  note  on  p>  1  indicfites  the  deceased  to 
been  "Mr,  E.  Brown,  who  died  Jan,  22,   17i 
the  ajje  of  twenty-five."     It  is  nither  a  wide 
tion  asking  for  a  Brown  of  our  own  day, 
more  so  for  one  of  the  laet  century,  with  onl 
additional  key  to  bid  identity  that  ''ho  ei] 
soon   to  aci^ouipany  a   yonn^   prentleuian  o 
travels."     The  poem  h  nn  affecting  one,  sa 
brothers!  niay,   perhaps,  be  recognized    by 
lines  :— 

"  Where  now  that  sweet  communion  of  Jcsigtji, 
Hu  pcncU'i  figures  and  wy  muse's  linca/* 


"  CoNCERNiNo  Snakes  tn  Iceland.    The 
no  snjikes  in  Iceland," — Will  some  learn et 
give  the  correct  form  and  orifrin  of  this  ci 
brief  chapter  of  Icelandic  njitural  histoi 
form  in  which  it  is  commonly  quoted  is 
like  the  above.     In  a  leader  in  the  Sta 
writer  gave  it  to  Erie  Pontoppidwn  ;  but 
in  the  Letters  to  Buth-r  (p.  57),  s peaks j 
chapter  concerning  €wh  in  Neil  Horrel 
tftrftl  Bisionj ;  and   lastly,  in  the  now  tpL-ii 
Mind  (just  published),  the  Rector  of  Lincoln 
Je^e  informs  us  that,  in  the  words  of  the  fai 
i^hapter  of  Glaus  Mrirjnus,  there  is  no  phil 
at  Oxford,  a  F.  S,  WARREfr,  MX" 


'*  The  Ptlgrimaoe  ov  Princks."— T  hftv«  »■ 
copy  of  tbiit  work,  printed  in  black  letter  «ni 
dedicated  to  *' the  right  worshipful  and  bisainpnUr 
);iood  M,  Mrtifter  Christofor  Hatton,  Esquier,"  by 
Ludnwick*.*  Lloide.  Can  any  one  infonu  me  aa  t» 
the  author,  and  whether  the  book  is  of  anv  value  f 

N.  P. 

"  WiuTOKR' ROLES."  —  AmoDg  tlio  variotl* 
weatbcr-3ipn!«  occurrinff  in  the  first  scene  of 
Schiller's  IVUhdm  Tell  we  iind  mentioned,  »*  * 
pTognoetic  of  the  impending  change  of  the  weatbeft 
the  circumstance,  Und  lait  htr  blmt  es  arns  dtm 
H'fiterloi'hj  which  omen  is  based  on  the  foUowlag 
passage  in  Scheuchzcr's  Satur^jeschichte  (vol,  if, 
p.  12-J,  &c.) :- 

"  There  are  certain  weather-holei  or  W!nd-bole«,i* 
cavenii  and  clefts  which  Atnnd  to  the  inhahitanti  of  tiM 
Alps  instead  of  taroineter*.  When  Ibo  wind  blowg  cold 
from  thurn  the  weather  Euiy  bo  expected  fine/  &;c. 

Kow,  I  hare  Wen  told  by  a  literary  friend  0 
mine  that  he  believed  he  had  heard  of  a  simib 




id'bolc  •  nr   **  we^-aluT-hole "    existing    near 

gap  in  Um  Mil  o(  Malvern  called  the  **  Wytche." 

Jouid  ABj  oi  jonr  Isamed  corre^pondentj  ^ive  me 

soisM  exact  asd  ^fimtc  information  on  the  subject 

In  qoeatiiittf   I  dioald  certain  It  consider  it  n  great 

f«Tonr,  C.  A.  hucjiUElu, 

CSolI^a^  London. 

Bzmor  Jewel's  **  Seven  Gouley  Sermons," 
16117. — ^In  th«  irorht  of  Bishop  Jewel,  piibliahed 
by  ibe  Parker  .Society,  vol  ii.  p.  h  46,  is  a  state- 
auot.  to  tli«  efifect  that  the  editor  hud  never  been 
ih}e  to  njt«t  with  the  stiiall  Svo.  16<)7  original 
edition  cf  Sfv^n  Godly  and  Learned  Sermom 
prmehtd  h*/  John  Jufl^  Buhop  of  SaJuhnntf  never 
\^ort  Imyrintulf  but  had  rcpuldished  them  from 
t£etvo  foIioA  of  1609  and  1611.  As  I  huve  un 
itn|i(Tfeet  copy  of  tliis  mre  little  volume,  I  slmll  be 
ttttds  oUigea  if  any  one  can  inform  me  where 
i(iioik«r  copy  is  preserved,  so  that  I  am  collate  my 
own  with  it.  The  title-piige  and  first  five  or  six 
\am  of  the  epistte  are  missing,  but  the  seven 
■re  complete.  The  epi&tle  ia  signed, 
GfnicFs]  most  bound  en  at  com.  I.  K." 
1.  K.  ?  There  ia  in  this  epistle  the  use 
iTASOj  "Gathered  up  in  hugger  muyger^  or 
obliuioo,''  which  ia  worth  making  *  cote 
presume  there  is  no  copy  of  this  volunie 
*»jTnnri4  in  the  British  Museum,  Bodleian  or 
Libnmw,  other^-ise  the  editor  of 
'a  works  would  have  made  use  of  it. 
J.  P.  Eabwaker. 
iiUmky  Edge,  Cheihire. 

•Tre  AscTENT  MAHiyER."— Will  any  render  of 

[lf.fcQ,**  kindly  furnish  me  with  u  copy  of  the 

(the  eleventh  of  the  third  part)  excluded 

C&lerid^e  firom  the  Ancitnt  Mariner f      The 

^  mp  Mr.  Swinhume,  in  his  essay  on  f  .ole' 

^1^  describeB  the  Death-mate  of  the  .Spectre- 

*'lii«  bones  foul  with  leprous  ecurf  and 

iption  of  the  ^rave,  in  coDtrast  to  the 

and  yellow  locka  of  the  fcArfulIer  night- 

fe-iiiAieath.''  Alfred  Jewell. 

Pile  Faiult  or  Bhat,  B^ri9, — Where  did 

thk  (\m\]^  romp  from?    The  nnme  first  occurs  in 

r  books  in  1735,  but  I  urn  of 

-ettled  there  some  time  previou?^ 

There  were  also  at  thnt  time  others 

ndsor  and  Eton,  but  they  do  not  ap- 

4  J  iuk\ti  been  connected.     I  find  no  pedi^Tee 

this  particular  family.     Any  information  re- 

t|i8etiiig  their  history  previous  to  the  date  nien- 

tion«l,  or  hintij  for  searching,  will  be  valued. 

L.  J.  A.  Pile. 

PAamRAr.   Sris-r    at  T)nj,^   inr    BrTTTANT. — In 

vUttiig  I  at  I>ol  last  summer, 

I  O&im'  ,  ,.  gilded  pastoral  stat!' 

1M  placed  erect  behind  the  high  altar  of  this  most 



interesting  church.  On  inquiry  I  found  that  ray 
^apposition,  that  this  was  so  placed  ns  a  memoriul 
of  the  time  when  Dol  was  a  bishopric,  and  th« 
church  a  cathedrjil,  was  correct.  Can  any  of  the 
readers  of  "  N.  &  Q."  say  if  they  have  obser^'ed 
instunce^  of  a  similar  custom  elsewhere  ?  In  the 
couri:=:e  of  ray  wanderings  I  have  been  in  churcheH 
which  have  lost  the  cathedral  dignity,  but  have 
never  noticed  sucii  an  indication  that  they  once 
possessed  it,  J,  Woodward. 

"  The  CtJTisE  or  Kfrkstall  Abbey." — Con 
yon  f.nve  m^  an  abstnict  of  the  legend  of  the 
''Curse  of  Kirkatall  Abbey,**  or  tell  me  where  J 
can  find  it  ?  Can  you  also  explain  the  meaning  of 
the  words,  "  Sire,  si  come  ce  fufc,  voir  ayez  pitic 
de  nous  "  1  They  occur  at  the  end  of  every  peti- 
tion in  a  MS.  Prayer  Book  of  the  thirteenth 
centuiy.  Wilfrid  or  Galwat. 

*'CANX05r     TO    RIonT     OF     THEM,    CA51N0K     TO 

LEFT    OF    them/'    &c. — W.ts    this  the    position 
of  the  Russian  artiller)'  ?    If  so,  each  aide  must 
have   been  in  danger  from    its    own   comrades. 
Faulconbridge  speaks  of  such  a  blunder  :— 
"O  prudent  difctpUne  !     From  north  to  (touth  : 
Austria  and  France  Bhoot  in  each  ather's  mouth."^ 

George  Ellis. 
St.  John'i  Wood. 

+  Ryecharde  Bknetley,  Bell-fotn'dder. — 
On  the  third  bell  of  Sealon  Church,  Rutland,  is 
this  name,  in  large  Gothic  capitivl  letters,  placed 
backw.nrds.  When  and  where  did  he  live  ?  Is  his 
name  known  to  any  bell-hunting  corresjiondent  ? 

Thomas  North. 
The  Bank,  LeioeBt«r. 

The  Court  or  Hroti  CoMMrsgioir  for  Caitssb 
Ecclesiastical. ^Where  are  the  Court  records 
preserved  1  Axoir. 

I.  O.  U. — When  did  this  phonetic  mode  of 
writing  oneself  down  a  debtor  first  become  general  t 

St.  Swithin. 


(5°^  S.  iv,  449,  513.) 
The  replies  of  Prof.  Attwell  nnd  Mr.,  Fknton 
to  the  inquiry  of  T.  C.  U.  on  this  subject  are  in 
the  main  correct,  but  they  require  a  little  farther 
explanation  to  make  thera  complete.  The  table 
given  by  Prof.  Attwell — principany  from  Max 
MiiHer— is  unneoessarily  complicated,  Grimm 'g 
original  form^  as  given  in  vol.  i.  p.  584  of  his 
Deutsche  GramTnatikf  la  much  simpler,  and  em- 
braces all  which  it  is  really  necessary  to  know. 
It  is  M  follows  :— 


f5»*S,  V.  Jaf.2$/7«, 

Orcfk.  tioMi.  l»ld  (:«r.    Gj-#elc.  G4tb.  Old  fier.     Cnak.  0<>(lt.  I'UlGer. 

P       P      I1(V)        T     TH       D  K      H       O 

B       P        F  r>      T         Z  G       K      CU 

F      B        P  Ttl     D        T         Ce    O        K 

Til©  Greek  diviaion  includes  the  Sanskrit,  Latin, 
ftud  tbeir  derivAtives.  The  Gothic  tncliides  the 
Low  German,  Enirlish^  and  Norao.  The  High 
German  includes  none  but  its  own  dialecta. 

If  we  further  note  that  the  Celtic  and  Slavonic 
Iftn^uafjes  getieraily  ftdlow  thii  Greek  division  in 
their  consonantal  permutfttions,  wn  shall  have  a 
tolenibly  coniprthensive  view  of  the  relatii>iia  of 
the  Arytvn  ton^iiej*  m  this  single  aspect. 

It  is  possiMe,  however,  to  siDiplify  the  matter 
still  more.  The  division,  it  will  be  aeen,  is  r  tri- 
partite one,  and  the  chanf^ea  always  follow  in  the 
fiame  order — tenuis,  aipirate^  medial — if  we  take 
them  in  the  sequence  of  Greek,  G<^jthic,  Old  Ger- 
man. If  we  then  dtHW  two  triangles  tlma^ — 
T6nui«.  Greek. 

Mcdiid.  ABpirate.        O.Il.G.  Gotliie. 

and  fix  the  one  over  the  other,  ao  that  it  cah  turn 
by  a  pin  in  the  centre,  if  the  Greek  point,  which 
now  corresponds  with  the  tenuis,  be  turned  to  the 
uspimte,  the  Gothic  will  stand  at  the  medial,  and 
the  Old  High  German  at  Ibe  ten^uis,  imd  fto  with 
the  otherc. 

I  have  a  further  word  to  say  in  reference  to  the 
eight  colutans  of  illustrations  given  by  Prof.  Att- 
WELL.  Some  of  the  instances  are  incorrect,  and 
others  are  understated  in  consequence  of  not 
giving  the  enrliegt  forma  of  the  worda. 

In  col  1  kinha  is  given  a»  Simakrit  for  honi. 
It  may  be  tny  miHtortune,  but  I  have  oot  met  with 
the  word.  It  is  not  to  be  found  in  the  dictionaries 
of  Bopp,  Benfej,  Wilson,  or  Williams.  The  uiual 
word  for  horn  is  "sVitigam."  This  column  of  words 
Bhow.*!  that  Grinini'*  law  is  not  without  exceptions. 
Iq  the  guttiinil  permutations  the  Gothic  A  usually 
replaces  the  classical  tennis  k,  flnd  this  is  common 
both  to  the  High  and  Low  German  dialects. 

In  col.  2  Sanskrit  jdti  is  given  as  the  equivalent 
for  Latin  gen-nSj  SiC.     As  it  stands  without  ex- 

f>!anation,  this  would  seem  an  exception  to  Grimm's 
aw,  as  j  is  not  a  guttural  but  a  palatal  Iptter, 
Properly  understood,  however,  it  aHbrds  strong 
confirmation  to  the  principle.  Jtiti  is  a  derivative 
from  j<t«,  to  beget,  which  is  only  a  degraded  form 
of  the  original  Aryan  root  <jan  (see  Fick,  sub  ro<-,). 
This  re«tcr©8  the  illustration  to  its  proper  place  in 
the  series.  Kum,  I  presume,  is  a  mist:ike  for 
Gothic  kuni.  Kind  is  given  as  the  High  German 
equivalent,  which,  unexplained,  would  appear  to 

mditate  against  the  law  it  is  intended  to  illn 

The  fact  is,  in  this  case  the  modern  Hi^'h  i> 

k  is  a  corruption  of  the  original  aspirate  ch.     JM  ^ 

very  word  wiH  be  found  in  the  form  of  ehunni  h 

the  High  Germnn  or  Theotisc  of  the  eighth  oetk* 


In  col.  3  High  German  gestem  seems  to  c( 
vene  Grimm's  law,  which  would  require  a 
instead  of  a  medial  for  the  initial.      TurningJ 
our  Old  High  German  authorities,  we   find 
original  form  of  gestent  to  be  kesteni^  in 
shape  it  will  be  found  in  MSS.  both  of  the 
and  eleventh  centuriea.t     Our  yattrday  ia 
cormption  of  A.-S.  getlran-dccg^  correapont 
Gothic  gisira. 

Col.  4  provides  no  Greek  equivalent  for  Sai 
ian-u.     This  will  he  found  m  Ttn'w,  tci'os, 
veyinjf  the  idea  of  thinness    by   stretching 
There  must  be  some  mistake  about  Gothic  di 
There  is  no  such  word  in  Gabelenz  and  Lcebe, 
in  Mr.  Skeat's  useful  glossary.     If  there  wi 
would  contradict  entirely  the  uau&l  appli( 
Grimm's  law.     Tho  corresponding  word  in 
ia  thinnait^  exactly  correlative  with  our  wot 
which  precisely  fulfils  the  conditions  require* 

Col.  6  is  quite  correct  in  the  instances  addm 

Col.   6  may  lead  to  error.      Greek  thura 
High  German  Ihur  aro«o  much  alike  in  ap 
that  it  might  naturaLly  be  supposed  the 
initial  ih  was  common  to  both.     It  ia  not 
ever.     How  it  came  about  I  will  not  stop  i 
quire,  but  the  fact  ia,  such  High  German  woi 
thia\  ihuTy  tkalf  are  quite  modern  in  their  pi 
form.     They   were  originally  spelt  for,   tura^ 
thus  taking  their  place  with  the  initial  tenuisi 
required  by  Grimm's  law.     In  the  case  of  SanA) 
dwar^  Gothic  t^j'f,  English  door,  there  is  an 
maly,  which  is  cleared  up  when  we  find  that 
original  Aryy^n  form  was  dhvar-a  (see  Fick),  wl 
restores  the  aspirate  initial,  and  places  the  ' 
side  by  side  with  its  trreek  and  Latin  sisttrs. 

CoL  7  iH  correct,  with  this  remark,  that  in 
early  Aryan  dialects  the  dilference  between 
sound  of  r  and  I  appears  to  have  been   slij 
Sanskrit  pur-Na^pul-oa,  and   by  metatbw*i« 
easily  connected  with  ple-oi  and  pL-nus, 

Col  8  ia  liable  to  the  same  observation  as 
fore,  that,  for  want  of  adopting  the  early  form 
the  High  German   equivalent,  the    influence 
Grimm's  law  appears  much  weaker  than  it  rt 
is.     The  mntJero   High  German  bruder  was 
ginally  prodtir^  pruodar^  as  is  proved  from  Mi 
of  the  eighth  and  tenth  centuries,  thus  rcstori 
the  consisteDcy  and  historical  valae  of  the  princi 
laid  down. 

Prof.  Attwell  will,  I  am  sure,  be  glad  to 
that  the  evidence  for  the  uniformity  of  Griuii 

*  S«e  Graff,  AUhorhiitHifchfr  Sjimchtchtitt,  and  Scl 
t©r*s  Coftecitons  of  Old  Hiyh  Cfeiinan  DpcumtHtt,  pa$»l 
f  iwc  Gr»jff,  Ht  iMpra. 

!»». »,  7t] 



reftlitj  nQch  stronger  tlian  is  net  out  ia 

L  J.   A.    PlCTON* 

VDt0crrLi.  (5«*  S.  IT,  489  ;  v,  la)— Of  the 

r  dialects  enumerated  in  the  A  Has 

by  Balbi,    viz.,    the    Oui^hour 

♦ii  (2)'  the  Kabjak  or  Ktpchak  (3), 

(4),  the  Turkoman  (5),  the  Ciiucaao- 

(0i»    the  AustrO'Siberian  (7),  the  Ya- 

Tchiiwach  (9),  the  OsDiinli  (10),  the  last 

:  kable  for  it«  regularity,  precision, 

■^  considered  to  be  the  richest  and 

.  a  ad  a  compound  of  the  ancient 

Jaj^tai,  the  latter  bearing  the  same 

former  na  English  t^  Saxon.     '*  La 

Ittgures/'  according   to   William   de 

le    envoy  of  St»  Louis  (IX.),  '^est 

gue«  turkes." 

nth  century,  during  a  period  of  fifty 

Ki^i,  a  hnLDcli  of  the  Turkan  Chagtai 

tiiHe,  established  a  camp  of  400  tents  or 

j>l  •►«ininli  dialect,  at  Sargut,  on 

of  '  .  ^  r,  situate  near  the  frontier  of 

Em p lit',    1  Heir  chieftain,  Athnion  (whose 

n&tne  baa  been  softened  into  0th man  or 

tnscnted  to  engage  in  a  holy  war 

k;  in  auxiliary  to  Ala-Rddeen,  the 

l«  f  Iconiuni  (Coniidi)^  in  Natalia, 

»  soldiers  of  the  true  faith  (Muj- 

,  ..  .    ,.Lm  through  the  unguarded  paasea 

t  OlytnpUA    into    the   fertile  plains  of 

A.D-    128S,  A.H.   G87.      Signal   success 

hta  onward  march,  and  Ala-addeen,  in 

n  of  the  decwive  victories  achieved  over 

a»  conferred  on  Othnian  the  rank  of  Beg 

of  the  Turku,  and  the  surname  of  Ghazi 

and,  as  s<ion  as  he  had  gained  a  firm 

tn  the  tt^rritory  of  Nicometlia  (July  27, 

;  A.H.  6I>9),  ennobled  him  further  by  the 

iitle  of  sultan  of  a  province  which  to  this 

the  name  of  Othmanjik  Vilaieti.    Like 

ftcearurs,    Othiuan    encouraged  litefature 

ef  leArr)in^%  and  his  last  words  to  hia  son 

H>.  1320,  A.n.  727),  '*  Bo  thou  a  defender 

,  and  a  protector  of  the  liberal  arts  and 

were   religiously  observed   by  his  auc-< 

the  conquest  of  Bruaa  (a.D.  1326»  a.h. 

ch  eoon  a^ume<l  the  aspect  of  a  Moham> 

pital,  by  the  royal  foundation  and  endow- 

Ea  moaque,  a  college,  and  schools.    The 
t\\]  pr'»fe**ors  of  human  and  divine  know- 
)»f  cd   thither,  and  students  even 

f^  \rftbiA  congregated  to  cultivate 

and    literature,   and  the 
tntinued   to   be   zealously 
I   H    niiiiTig  interruption)    through 
reigna  of   Moar^d   (Amurath   I.), 
j^«tX  Mohammed  L,  Amurath  II,,  to 

the  time  of  Mohammed  IL,  the  conqueror  of  the 
Byzantine  Empire  (a.d»  1453,  A.H.  658), 

"Avantet  depuii  cette  cpoque"  (i.D.  14 ^i-l).  observes 
Ainedee  Jaubcrtj,  tLo  celebrated  Oripiitalist,  my  friend 
and  master,  "la  langiie  turke,  qui  est  un  dialecta  du 
tartare,  a'cit  accrue  d'un  ^nind  nombro  d'expressiona 
tiroes  de  Vara-be  et  du  p«r8aii,  quo  la  religion  musulmano, 
las  bcioioi  du  commerce  ct  lea  gucrres  frtquentes  des 
Turka  en  Asie  j  ont  introduites ;    et  a  re^u,  Bans  lea 
dennturer,  toui  lea  mots  Strangers  desttnvs  k  repr^enter 
del  iilccM  nouvcHes  ......  d'ou  il  soit  que,  pour  parlor  et 

Burttiut  fhocir  4^cr'tre  correetement  le  turk,  il  ett  k  pott 
prH  indifpenaabto  d'avoir  d'abord  pria  qnetqno  teiuturo 
du  penan,  et  particttlicremerit  de  I'arabe.  En  efTet,  c'eat 
des  Arabes  que  let  Turki  ont  emprunte  leurd  coracteres 
d  ccriture,  leur  8j«t^m«  de  Dumera(it)ii,  toun  les  mots  qui 
expriment  dea  idees  abslraites,  tooralea  ou  religietifes,  et 
ioua  ceux  qui  Bont  relatifa  aux  iciences,  aux  lettres,  et 
aux  aria;  nomenclature  trei  etenduc." 

According  to  Sir  William  Jones,  the  Turkish 
consists  of  ten  Arabic  or  Persian  words  for  one 
originally  Scythian  (Tatar),  but  the  Arabic  greatly 
preponderates,  c.^.,  of  thirteen  words,  seven  are 
Anibic  and  two  Persian  ;  of  fourteen  words,  nine 
Ariibic  and  two  Persian.  In  recapitulating  the 
distinctive  character  of  these  languages,  this  ac- 
complished  scholar  states  that — 

'*  The  Persian  is  remarkable  for  iweetncM,  the  Arabic 
ia  distintniiahed  for  coploitanesa  and  strenji^th,  and  tbe 
Turkiah  has  an  admirable  gravity  (niiriim  hitbet  j^ravita- 
tero)— the  firat  allures  nnd  driig'litft,  the  second  is  ener- 
luetic,  and  formed  far  eublimitj,  whi!e  the  third  poaieaMS 
elevation  combined  wiib  a  certain  gracefulness  and 
beauty:  tbe  Paraiao,  therefore,  is  tit  for  jojoua  and, 
amatory  subject*,  the  Arabic  for  poetry  nnd  eloquence, 
and  tbe  Turkieb  for  moral  writings.  '* 

If  you  ask  a  Persian  the  nature  of  his  language, 
be  will  say  it  is  sweet  and  melodious  ;  Arabic^no 
would  add,  u  tht  rooi,  Turkiih  sciaicf,  Pernan 
su^av;  and  a  native  of  the  upper  provinces  of  India 
would  tell  you  Hindxtittbii  is  salt, 

"  Arabiy  asl  ast,  Turki  hunar  aat, 
Pan!  ahakar  ast,  Hindi  namnk  ast." 

William  Pl,\tt. 
115,  Piccadilly. 

Milton's  Forestry  (5***  S.  v.  43,)  — Mr.  Wal- 
ker might  have  carried  a  little  fiirther  hb  remark* 
in  defence  of  Milton.     In  the  tpiotation, — 
"  Arched  walks  of  twilight  RroteSi 

And  sbadowa  brown  that  Silvan  loves 

Of  pine  or  monumental  oak," 
— Mr.  Menzies  creates  what  confusion  there  may  be 
by  omitting  the  comma  after  *'  groves."  Milton 
does  not  connect  the  '*  arched  walks,"  but  only 
the  "shadows  brown,"  with  the  oak  and  pine. 
The  objection  to  "  brown  "  ia^poor  hypercTitieism  : 

•  "SnaTitatcm  Persica,  ubertatem  ac  vim  Arabica, 
mirificam  babet  Turcica  dignitatem  :  prima  allieit  atqua 
delectatp  altera  aublimiCiSTehitur.  et  fertiar  quodammodo 
incilatii'is,  tertta  elata  est  sane,  »ed  iioo  sine  aliquu 
ele^atitia  et  pulcbritudine.  Ad  lusua  igitur  et  amores 
cermo  Ferticua,  ad  pocmata  et  eloquent! qui  Ambicus,  ad 
moralia  acripta  Turcicus  vidotur  id.tncus.' — Vol.  ii. 
p.  36(1 



[S"*  s, 

compare  "  lianileU  brown  "  in  Collins  s  Evening. 
Brown  is  a  prevnlent  twilight  ct>Ioui%  Pinps  and 
oaks  will  <:rovv  together  :  but  Milton's  words  do 
not  imply  Uiiit  they  do.  He  mys  tlint  Silvan 
loves  the  l.irowu  sUudovrd  of  pine  or  oak.  If  1  nm 
asked  by  a  t^ivern  waiter  wluit  I  M-unt  for  tlmntr, 
and  reply,  '*Beef  or  nmtton/*  mm  I  loexptct  both  i 
Not,  siirdy,  unless  he  ts  n  Miltonic  critic^"  No 
vaittTy  but,  a  Kni;;^lit  Tem|)l:ir." 

I  have  not  read  ^Ir.  Kcightley  on  Milton,  for  T 
prefer  poetry  to  coranientary  thereon  j  and  I 
think  his  in^renioua  explanation  of"  monumental" 
does  not  befit  Milton's  simplicity,  though  in  cer- 
tain  in^idcrn  ports  the  idea  avollM  be  natural 
enougrh.  Long  duration,  which  is  the  design  of  a 
monument,  is  the  hubit  of  the  oak  ;  hence  monu- 
mental fith  the  tree  perfectly. 

"  Excgi  monumentam  cere  perenniui/* 
says  Horat-e.  It-  seems  unnecessary  to  suggest 
that  Milton  meant  the  holm-oak  (which  doohtlesa 
he  saw  in  Italy),  since  our  English  oak,  a  far 
nobler  tice,  attains  on  immense  age.  I  believe 
Glendower's  oak,  near  Slirewsbury,  stOl  puts  out 
freah  foliage  in  the  spring— a  monument  of  a 
battle  fouj,'ht  near  fire  centuries  ago. 

If  "L'lm  starproof "  be  not  tme  to  nature,  then 
am  I  gro'slj  ignorant  of  trcea,  Mr,  Menzies 
seems  unaware  that  the  elm  h  a  heavy  foliaged 
tree  ;  in  many  a  twilight  stroll  beneath  elms  I 
have  noted  the  accurarj'  of  Milton':*  epithet,  which 
has  a  special  beauty  becauf-o  it  iiuirky  the  hour. 
Indeed,  in  the  radiance  of  a  summer  noon,  I  have 
found  the  elm  sunproof,  There  are  elma  and 
eliiiK.  Botanists  catalogue  above  sixty  varieties  ; 
doubtless  there  is  a  difference  between  the  shadows 
of  ulmiis  parrifoUa  ami  ultnuR  lati/aUa, 

Forked  lightning  will  Gtrike  a  tree  as  Mr.  Jlen- 
zie3  describes  ;  but  treejs  growing  on  a  hitjh  level 
are  frequently  stnick  at  the  summit  by  the  hbeet 
lightning,  which  paiises  from  cloud  to  clouds  Mil- 
ton's '*  ssinged  top  "  is  quite  defensible.  To  assert 
that  lightning  never  singea  the  top  of  the  oak  U 
rather  daring.  So  wide  a  negative  is  difficult 
to  prove.  I  have  seen  trees  of  several  kinils 
singed  by  lightning  in  most  capricious  ways.  It 
mny  perhaps  bo  found  that  a  great  poet  sometimes 
observes  more  widely  than  a  professional  forester. 
Mortimer  Oolliks, 

Knowl  Hill,  Berks. 

In  the  passage  quoted  from  Mt.  Menziieis's  work 
on  Fornt  Trees,  <S:c.,  it  ia  said,  '"  The  elm  is  one  of 
the  ^  inn  est  foliaged  trees  of  the  forest."  Is  this 
so  ?  It  would  ill  beooine  one  who  waij  born,  and 
has  chielly  lived,  almost  within  the  sound  of  Bow 
bell:*,  to  set  hia  ofiinion  against  thot  of  a  person  of 
such  great  tree  knowledge  as  Mr.  Menziea  ;  but  I 
have  freqi^ently  heard  that  the  elm  h  the  best 
tree  to  nfford  shelter  during  a  shower,  owing  to 
the  circunistu.nce  that  the  leaves,  thounh  suitdL 

are    numerous   and    remarkably  cot 
would  (piite  justify  Milton  in  speakii 

"  The  shftdj  root 
Of  bnuichlDg  elm  stairproafi 

Audatial  Ordination  (5*^  S!  1 
the  second  Council  of  Nice  (Actio  viii 
belli  in  the  year  787,  the  power  w 
abbots  of  conferring  minor  order* 
own  monasteries,  on  the  conditionJ 
they  themselves  were  presbyters.  1$ 
mentions  readers,  but  Martene  {D§i 
Kit.,  vol  ii.  p.  12,  fob,  1798,  VeneLJ 
upon  it,  says  ; —  ^ 

"Hano  potcstntem  hactenna  conflefil 
plurimi,  non  solum  rigora  hujiu  canoiif 
insupcr  a  aedo  apostolica  privileRiis,  qt 
mitioreititie  ordinea  oonferondi  facultitf 
Qun?  qaldom  privilegiA  ititegm  et  iuviol 
tanxit  synoJuii  Tridantina,'* 

To  tliis  power,  many  abbots  Btilli 
only  on  the  authority  of  the  canoi 
idleged  grants  from  the  Apostolic  I 
they  were  empowered  to  give  the  t( 
confer  minor  orders  ;  all  which  pi 
secured  to  them,  whole  and  invic 
Council  of  Trent,  He  tells  us,  in 
an  abbot  «if  the  Cistercian  Order  had  s 
who,  with  four  other  abbots  of  the  Sfl 
of  the  first  nmk,  could  ordain  d^ 
deacons  ;  which  privilege,  he  oq 
granted  them  by  Pope  lunocent 
year  149!+,  ia  order  that  they  who 
conic  de:icons  or  subdeacons  might 
to  Reek  ordination  outside  their  mon 

Nothing  ie  said  of  mitred  abfio 
appear  that,  in  matters  of  this  ki 
''powem  8U|jerior  to  thcii*  less  exal 
Their  superiority  was  rather  of  a 
ecclesiastical  kind.  They  were  pri 
in  the  House  of  Peers,  Acrordin; 
their  origin  was  later  than  the  cot 
abbots  were  euipowered  to  ordain,  ff 
no  mention  is  made  of  this  in  the  ol 
(vol.  ii.  p.  14G).  Edmcnd 

"  I  have  done  with  thii  aubjcct  of  mitr 
wc  linve  obuerved  tliat  they  were  callfd  ' 
ottai  *  nbbota  lOTcrei^n/  ai  acknowled] 
auperinr,  becaiwe  exempted  from  the  jar 
dlnc^aan^  t) living^  epigccrpal  pnwer  in  thi 
let's  L'tixtrch  Ilitiori(,  Tol,  ii.  bic,  vi.  «cct. 
nian  in  OioMtnrto,  verlo  **  Altbaa." 

Abbots  can  only  confer  minor 
deacons,   deacons,  and   priests  m« 
by  a  bishop.    (See  Bissus,  Hurui*gi 

G.  E.  L.  was  rightly  informed 
above.     Abhotsi  have   the    i>oweF 




IrfHiftor, D(4iigi^fi^g^  on  their  own  subjects  by 
LtmaorwlBitleBdifpeiiscd  by  Rome. 

c.  a  p. 

^^  ^ns  Peirsox  (b^  S,  t.  67.)~A 

^^'^jj™"*  ^"  Jersey  inquires  whether  any 

^*^^^^^ihe(um[j  of  Major  Pelrson  (whom  he 

•*»"'**BJj|iBhriDi,'.     He  was  very  young  and 

oiwa»T»j»iifn  i,e  w^is  killed.     He  left  si^ttr^, 

».*'  *»t>il!#T^     One  of  these  sistera  was  the 

of  m  late  wife.  Lady  Chelmsford,  and  of 

*J*J«r,    file  only  members  of  the   Petrson 

"  bo»D  to  me  to  ]>e  liyin^  are  my  children, 

n,  and  fjireat-gmndchildrcrn,  and  the 

iwigRmdchildren  of  my  late  sister-in-law. 


u  the  eldest  son  of  Francis  Peirson,  Esq., 

jwthorp^  CO.  York,  by  Sarah,  daurjhter  and 

of  John  Cojrdell  of  Beverley.    They  had 

'  ttone  of  whom  left  issue,  and  (ivc  sur- 

tbters.      1.  Sarahj   married   Timothy 

2.  Frances,    married  Wm.    Tinlingj 

eldest  daiirrhtcr,  Anna  Maria,  married, 

Frederic  Thesiger,  Esq.,  ereiited  Baron 

d,    l!^58;     two    other    datirrhtera,      :i 

married  Rev.  George  Marwo^>d  ;    liatl 

Mary,  maiTied  Rev.  C.  Webber,  after- 

Archdeacon  of  Chichester ;  hud  issue.     5, 

married  Arthur  Anstey,  E«q.  Thus. 

e  speciiil  loan  exhibition  of  portrait  minia- 

ield  at  the  South  Kensin^oti  Museum  in 

tion  of  miniatures  of  M.ajor  Peirson, 

members  of  his  family,  was  lent  by 

iMjTy  (s^e  catdogiie,  p.  43;.      M.  M. 

Taph  r»  Cash  EL  Cathbdbal  f5i»»  S.  v.  27.) 

»,  in  hia  edition  of  Ware's  Buhopjt^  p.  483, 

>me  interesting  details  about    Miler  Ma- 

[alitu  MucCmgh.  He  was  a  special  favourite 

Q  Eli»beth,  who  heaped  ijromotiona  upon 

^    Ifl  addition  to  C'?whel,  he  neld  by  commen- 

II  Ihe  aee.!  of  Lismore   aud  Wuterff^rd,  which 

"d    in    1607  for  those  of    Killala  and 

;tnd,  besides  the  biahoprica,  there  were 

>  hiiu  in  the  same  man  tier  the  vicamge 

dlan,  and  the  rectory  Infra  dn on  pontes 

U1.I  eae  of  Elphin  ;  the  rectories  of  Ciwllo 

and  Skrine,  in  the  diocese  of  Ktlhda  -,  and 

bend  of  Dougheme,  with  the    rectory  of 

in  the  diocese  of  Achonry.      He  died  in 

622,  in  the  one  hundrelh  year  of  hi*  aj,'e. 

nt  which  he  erected  for  himself  in  the 

opposite  that  of  £dmund  Butler,  ia  thus 


ri  I*  pT^!»cf:rl  nn  •  high  basil  on  the  fouth  fide  of  the 

he  cpiicapnl  throne  and  the  nitar  ;  on 

J  cue  in  Rtone  in  hi^fb  relief;  hit  mitre 

iw,  HM'i  Uij  pMtorAl  itafT  lu  hta  hft^nd  :  on  one 

Hide  of  th«  h«»d  is  CArred  the  linage  of  an  angel ;  as  tho 
like  waa  once  on  the  other  ildc,  k«ut  if  now  (1739)  de- 
faced. Above  bit  head  arc  hh  arm? ;  and  at  his  feet 
the  image  of  Christ  on  the  Crojj^,  <»n  tbe  top  whereof  tf 
inscribed  1. N.K.I.  At  UU  rijibt  elbow  i9  the  iraa^  of  St. 
Patrick  slightly  engrared.  with  ht«  panorsl  utafT  and 
mitre,  on  the  one  aide  S.  on  the  other  P.  UDdemoRth, 
on  the  verge  of  the  monument,  19  cut  the  name  of  tho 
architect,  *  i'atriciua  Kcjirin  fecerat  illud  opus.'  " 

Then  follows  the  Latin  epitaph  composed  by 
hmiself,  witli  the  readinjx  sed  instead  of  ncc,  in  the 
ninth  line,  as  already  noticed,  and  is  rendered  into 
English  thus  : — 
"  Patrick,  tho  glory  of  our  isle  and  gown, 

Firat  sat  a  bishop  in  the  «ee  of  Down  ; 

I  wish  that  I,  Rucceeding:  htm  in  placa 

As  bishop,  had  an  equal  share  of  grace. 

I  served  thee,  England,  fifty  years  in  jan, 

And  p!en.*ed  thy  princes  in  the  mSJut  of  wars  ; 

Here  where  1  'ni  placed  1  'm  not ;  and  thus  the  case  ia 

I'm  not  in  both,  yet  am  in  both  the  places. 

"  The  Romaniati  of  that  country  have  a  tradition  that 
he  diad  a  Papist  and  that  though  in  appearance  he  waa 
buried  in  the  cathedral,  yet  that  he  bad  given  private 
orders  for  depositing  his  body  elsewhere  :  to  which  ihay 
say  the  two  last  lines  of  the  epitaph  allude.  But,  al- 
though he  was  no  good  man.  and  bad  impoverished  bii 
see  by  stripping  it  of  much  of  its  ancient  ostete,  yet  I 
do  not  fiu'l  ojiy  room  to  ca>ll  his  sincorifcy,  as  |o  his  re- 
ligious professtion,  in  question,  living  or  dying*  These 
lines  rather  seem  to  hint  at  tho*;  existeooeof  the 
soul  and  body/' 

B.  E.  N. 

**  NoN  EST  VILE  coRprs,''  &c.  (n**^  S.  iv.  :j13.)— 
The  anecdote  is  trdd  of  the  learned  Mark  Anthony 
Muretus,  and  is  thus  related  by  Dr.  Famir  {The 
Wiinrsx  0/  Uistory  ta  CJirist^  p.  153): — 

"When  travelling  in  the  disgtiise  of  a  bojrsar,  tha 
scholar  Mwr^tus  had  fallen  sick  in  the  hands  of  Birange 
physicians;  they  said  jesttnirly  to  one  another,  'Fiat 
experimentum  m  cor^ore  vili '  '  Vilcinno  aniniam 
appellas,'  he  indignnnUy  rxcloiraed  to  his  astoniRhed 
audit^ir* ;  *  Viloinne  aniiiL-im  appelks  pro  qui  Chrietus 
non  dcdignatus  eit  mori  1  '  " 

In  the  Life  of  Afnrdm,  by  Benci  and  Lazen, 
the  accuracy  of*  this  nnccdote  has  been  called  in 
question.  The  fact*  will  probably  be  found  iitated 
in  the  Life  prefixed  to  Rulmkenius's  edition  of  the 
Opera  Ontnm,  I'KD,  a  copy  of  which,  together 
with  Muietus's  Epistoltt^f  la  in  the  Chethana 

Your  corregfKindent  is  no  doubt  fsimihar  with 
an  aoectlote  of  Archbishop  Whateiy  turning  on 
the  siinie  word  "  v«k\"  which,  in  our  Bibles, 
Rt,  James  ii.  '2  an.i  Phil  iii.  21,  ia  the  .synonym  of 
lowly.  I  quote  the  anecdote  from  the  Rev.  T.  L. 
(K  Uavies'fl  recent  adinimble  book,  entitled  BihU 
EnglUh  :  Chnphr^i  mt  (Hd  and  Disused  Exprusiont 
in  the  Anthariznl  Vtrsion,  &c,,  1875  (p.  178)  :— 

"■Oor  'file  body'  (Phil.  iii.  21)  should  bo  rondored 
'  the  body  of  i»ur  humiUation '  1  rti  ffi^fta  tj)c  Tairnvutautt^ 
Tl^Mi''].  When  Archbishop  Whatcly  wits  dying,  one  of 
his  chaplains  was  reiidin^  thi*  chapter  to  him  in  the 
EugUab  veitiiim.  When  lie  came  to  this  pfc«*^age  tho 
Archbiah'-p  stopped    him,   faying,  'GiTe  inc  UU   ««* 




wordi.'  The  cliftplftin  ihen  lubitltutcd  the  ahovfi  more 
literal  traxiBlatian,  uid  the  tljing  prelate  observed,  'Tbbt 
ii  right;  nothing  that  Ht  made  is  rile/  Xo  doubt 
'  Tile '  ii  not  ID  this  place  a  prood  representation  of  the 
original.  J*t,  m  we  have  Bhnwn,  it  did  not  once  implj 
of  necesaitj  auch  utt<r  worthlewneis  za  it  does  now." 

John  E.  Bailet. 

The  pRiNCEaa  Sobieska  (5*  S.  v.  9,  38.)— Mr. 
Ewdd,  in  the  first  voL  of  his  Life  and  Tim^s  of 
Frince  Charts  Stnnrt  (Chapumn  &  fhdU  IBTS), 
giveji  an  account  q(  the  escjipe  of  the  rnocess,  the 
details  of  which  vary  considerably  froHj  those  men- 
tioned by  Mr,  Hoggjird,  who  states  that  ahe  was 
disguired  in  ''a  male  hiibit."  Mr.  Ewald's  account 
is  probably  the  more  correct  ooe,  as  he  refers  to 

Being  on  the  Bubject  of  the  Stimrt  family,  I 
would  wish  to  call  attention  to  the  concluding 
passage  of  Mr.  Ewald'a  work  : — 

"  Thirty-one  yeart  after  the  death  of  th&  Prince, 
George  the  Fourth,  then  Trince  Ae^ent^  caused  a  atatelj 
Dionument,  from  the  chisel  of  CanoTa,  to  ho  erected 
und«T  tbe  dome  of  St,  Peter's  at  Home.  On  a  bas-relief, 
in  white  marble,  are  reprcnented  tlie  likeneaaea  of  Jamea, 
CharleSf  and  Ileury,  witli  this  inacription  ;— 

jACoao  III.,  JAroor  tl^  kaon.  brit.  %vmu  pilio, 




A5M0  str»ctx:xix. 


The  inscription  must,  of  course,  be  well  known. 
But  ha^  it  ever  occurred  to  any  one  to  inquire 
how  it  WiiB  that  JarneUj  the  Old  Pretender,  or  the 
Chevalier  St.  George,  is  t^vico  mentioned  therein 
as  James  III,  ?  He  could  have  h:id  that  title  only 
as  Kingof  (ireat  Britntn  ;  and  if  he  pos.^e&5ed  that 
title  rightfully,  the  Prince  Regent  would  never 
JiATe  been  George  IV.    T.  J.  A.,  olim  CCC.X J. 

[Mr.  Ewald'a  account  of  the  Princeaa  Sobieeka'* 
esciLpe  19  biued  upon  the  n:irrntiy{'  which  is  attributed  to 
Wogan,  %vho  was  one  of  the  chief  agenta.  Accordinjj  to 
the  latter,  the  Priuccn*  used  only  a  cloak  and  hood. 
Zedlcr  n73l»)  unys  ahe  fled  in  di^guiae,  but  does  not  stiitc 
of  what  it  consisted—*'  Jedoch,  da  man  Termeynie  sic  am 
gewisacBtcn  in haben.entflohe sie in TerfttelUerKleidunir." 
With  regnrd  to  Cano»a'a  ilatcly  monument  bearing  th? 
Above  inscription,  Lord  iMahi.n  (Eurl  Stttnhope),  quuied 
in  Morriiy'H  JIundtooi  of  Jtomf,  "believfii"  it  vrna 
erected  diieifly  at  the  expense  of  the  House  of  Hanover, 
The  author  of  the  Uatitilwtk  slatca  that  the  cost  wa-i 
paid  ironn  the  privy  purse  nf  George  IV.,  who  certainly 
waa  not  consulted  as  to  the  inscriptinn.  In  the  crypt, 
where  "  James  111.'*  and  his  sons,  Chftrles  Edward  and 
Henry.  Ii**  buried,  all  three  are  etylcd  kingi— Juiuca  11 L, 
Cbarlea  III,,  and  Henry  IX.] 

«  Old  Kino  Colr"  (5i«»  S.  iv.  67,  234.)-Albfln 
Butler  writes,  Life  of  St.  Udm,  Empran  (Aug. 

•'  Leiand,  the  most  diligent  aertrcher  of  our  antiquities, 
•ays  Helen  w»s  the  only  diiugbterof  King  Coilus,  who 
liied  in  constant  amity  witb  the  Kninans.  and  li»^M  of 
them  his  so»erei|fnty ;  the  Giaatonbury  hiat'»ri>in  ears 
the  aame.     Henry  of  Huntingdon  tells  ui  that  this  rr\% 

the  King  Cocl  who  fint  built  the  walls  round  the  city 
of  Colchester,  and  beautified  it  »o  much  that  it  derifti 
from  him  ifg  name.  Tbat  town  has  for  aereral  afi* 
boft.«ted  that  it  gare  birth  to  the  great  empreas,  and  Uti 
inhabitantai.  to  testify  their  reneration  for  her  mamoryi 
take  for  the  arms  of  tha  town,  in  remembrance  of  tot 
crosa  which  the  diicorered,  a  knotty  cross  betwe«ii  fov 
crowns,  aa  Caradeu  takes  notice." 

Fred.  A.  Wkld. 
Goremment  IIouMj  Hobart  Town^  Taamania. 

Handel's  Organs  (5"*  S.  iv.  4G7.)— The  organ  ' 
presented  by  Handel  to  the  Foundling  hfts  be«xi 
handled  aa  ft  fondling.  About  four  years  since 
TtXi/.  or  BtX)/.  were  expended  in  order  to  enlazfd 
and  improve  the  instruruent,  so  that  the  originaliQr 
is,  perhapg,  nearly  improved  out  of  it,  and  Handel 
gift  nmy  be  likened  to  the  patched  coat  of  tht 
Irishman.  Frbdic  Bl7t& 

Tennyson:   "The  Prikcess":   "Her 
TALKED  down;*  &a  {^^  S.  iv.  464.)— Tenn^ 
prol>;tl»ly  refers  to   St,  Catherine  of  Alcxi 
when  be  speaka  of  "Her  that  talked   down 
fifty  wisest    men."      We  are    fold  tbat  al 
argued   iLiid   converted    fifty   philosophers 
Miixentiu3  pitted  against  her.        St.  Swn 

"As  coarse  as  Garashe"  (6**  S.  it. 
Can  the  EuKliah  proverb,  "  As  coarse  as 
come  from  this  French  fonn  ?     It  is  eomi 
.several  parts  of  England,  and  about   Notti 
I  have  often   heard  it   'VAa  coarse    as  Hi 
gorae."  ElL( 


Mktal  Tobacco  Pipes  (S***  S.  i 

39.)— Kingsley  was  not  guilty. of  a„  ;_j,   'Oi; 

in    representing    men  of   the    time  of   Elizal 
smoking  tobacco  in  silvtr  pipea.     Aubrey  says: 

"He  (Raleigh)  was  the  first  that  brought  tobacco 
EngJiind  and  into  fashion.  In  one  p»rt  of  North  " 
(Malmesbury  hundred)  it  came  first  into  fa^himi  t 
Wnlter  Long,  They  hud  first  tifftr  p>pis.  Tlic  ondii 
sort  rtm  ie  u*a  of  a  walnut  shell  and  a  straw.  I 
heard  my  gntmlfnther  Lyte  say  thait  one  pipe  was  hat 
from  man  to  man  round  the  tnble." 

Walter  Kiriclako, 


The  Trade  of  Tanning  (5«»  S.  iv.  428  ;  v,  M.) 
"There  may  be  added  to  the  Hat  of  tnunera  Joni 
than  Martin,  who  burned  York  Minster, 

Eo.  Marshali* 

Old  London  CiiURcnES  {5"»  S.  iv.  449. >—l 
hapH  the  best  book  on  the  churche-S  before  the 
is  iiitow's,  and  the   best  edition  of  Stow  is 
edited  by  Strype.     There  are  several  chaptei 
the  London  churches  in  Knight's  London.     ' 
there   arc   a  great   luany  monographs  on  cet 
churches,  such  as  Deuluim  on  St.  Dunstan's  W 
Wilson  on  St.  Laurence  Pountney,  &c.     Brayh 
Hiitory  of  London  la  good  for  family  readii 




But   fi.r   •li 

toy.  -I' 
ft.     -  . 






iiLiii.-ir    thill 


in-oKo  perhaps  Walter 

''on  is  M  good  as 

I  lied  with  Rood  re- 

-  r'  .  \>oU,  rendering  what  is 
'                                      c.     Taken  for  all  in  all, 

ici  to  rend  up^tlie  ftntitiuitiea 

hrdf'OHH.hutyet  wonderfully 

(ii's  Handbook  ia  a 

[  I  sable,  and  almost 

u  ilM  WiiJiir  i  In iTuhxiry-^  Haunted 

1    Canningbam,  I  thiuk    Mr.   Has- 

1   find  hia  ptirpo»e  ittUiined  ;  if  not, 

Ije  added,   who   baa  written   whole 

■'*'    the  C'urio*iiiM  of  London^  The 

rio7S  the  city  and  suburbs  tibout 

-  .,  '-^tminater,  by  Walks  and   Talks, 

i4  by  ttil  manner  of  devices. 

T^!,  with  mil   the  literature  that  exists  on  the 

ViA^bo  is  so  fruitful  a  theme  that  there  is 

f  room  still  for  another  book  that  should 

'      '  iuni»»  alt  the  existing  booka,  with 

,      iecl  indej^  and  afterwards  there 

■ifjti  another  volume  or  two  of  facts  of 

:  are  vet  unchronicled- 

C.  A.  Ward. 

^        :.         TERN  Magazine''  (5**  S.  it.  467.) 

I iH  was  a  monthly  of  thirty  pages, 

r  ptiblbhed  by  Henry  Grier,  Beliaat, 

,  Iboii,  till  February,  1853,  thus  com* 

ear*    It  was  almost  entirely  a  litemry 

:id  during  its  short  career  attractCfl 

on.    Tlie  amateur  authors,  who  chiefly 

to  iti  pages,  gave  it  up  after  a  year's 

I  ,,,.-„  ,>  their  professional  and  busi- 

thcni  from  devoting  to  it 

,..x  .u  which  a  montlily  serial  re- 

I  Pi  were  Mr.  Robert  Taylor,  Mr. 

1         r,  and  Mr.  Joseph  John  Murphy. 

rued  gentleman  died  in  India  luany 

The  other  two  are  gentleiuen  well 

^  <  eniry  and  scientific  circles  in   BelAtst, 

!   ictive  and  interested  in  btUu  httrts. 

Taylor  was  the  practical  editor.     Be- 

or»,  sonie  of  the  principal  eontributors 

,    bte  -Karl  of  Belfast,  Mr.  F.  D,  Finlay, 

lae  J.  Murphv,  Mr.   Thomas  0'C4ormAD, 

L.  Godkin,  Mr.  Alfred  McFarlond, 

:aine  contained  a  novel  entitled  "The 

J-  of  Oakwood/'  which  was  written   by 

i'-ert  Taylor.      The  poetry  was  considered 

'    '  •  the  average,  and  on  the  whole  the 

liteniry  point  of  view,  remains  one  of 

.....I  may  feel  rather  proud. 

W.  H.  Patterson. 

Coat  or  Abms  (&^  S.  ir.  468.}— Gules,  three 
»«tIetA  or,  a  chief  vaire,  is  the  coat  of  Bay  ley,  of  j 
Oxfonbliire,  as  engmved  in  the  margin  of  the  map  ] 

in  Dr.  Plot's  Nahiral  Histonj  of  that  cotinty.  Dr. 
Giiidott,  in  hia  Ducmiru  of  Bathe,  kc,  167C,  gives 
the  same  cout  to  Balph  Bayly,  ftLD.,  of  Bath, 
who,  he  informs  us,  was  a  n[itiYe  of  Eerkshire. 
The  dexter  coat  ia  probably  Aylworth,  the  mullet 
being  a  difference,  H.  S.  G. 

"A  TorcnsTojJE  for  Gold  asd  Silver 
Wares;  or*  a  Mantal  for  GoLDf^MiTHS*'  (.5*'* 
S.  V.  9.)— Upon  looking  through  the  list  of  gold- 
smiths for  the  year  1G77,  published  in  the  Little 
London  JHnctorif,  and  reprinted  by  J.  C,  Hotten 
in  18fJ3,  are  the  following,  under  the  head  of  B., 
uiuoEgst  those  goldsmiths  who  kept  "running 
caHhes  "  :— 

Jobn  Bolitho,  at  tlie  Golden  Lion,  in  Lumbard  Street; 
John  BAlloird,  at  tbo  Unicorn,  m  Lumbcird  Street;  Job 
Hr>lton,  ftt  the  I^ott  and  Tun,  iii  Lijmhhrd  Street; 
*  RiclmdJ  HInncbardj  nt  ibe  MarygtjM,  in  Fleet  btreet. 

Although  none  of  the  above  have  the  initial  W,, 
still  1  tbtiught  Mr,  W,  J.  Green  might  like  to 
know  of  them,  as  probably  W.  B.  was  connected 
with  one  of  them. 

In  addition  to  the  above  there  w«s  a  William 
Baittnlie,  of  Mark  L:(ne,  who  kept  his  cash  with 
Alderman  Edward  Backwell,  up  to  the  time  the 
latter  failed  in  ltj72.  Bnttalie's  transactions  with 
Buckwell  would  lead  one  to  jiuppose  he  might 
hin-e  been  a  goldsmith.  F.  G.  Hiltok  Price. 
Temple  Bar. 

A  Follower  of  the  Stuarts  (5"»  S.  v.  21.) — 
la  the  mime  known  of  the  person,  nttttched  to  the 
exiled  Htuarts,  who  was  buried  at  Floicnre,  and 
upon  wh»mi   the   beautiful  epitaph,  quoted  nt  the 
above  reference,  was  written  by  Lord  ISIacaiUay  ? 
Seargill,  whose  "  whispering  trees  "  are  alluded  to 
in  it,  is  on  the  river  Greta,  in  Yorkshire,  not  far 
from  *'  BrigTjall  banks,"  and  is  mentioned  by  Sir 
Walter  Scott,  in  Rohbtj^  m  the  place  where  Ber- 
tram hud  the  interview  with, Guy  Benzil : — 
"  Jle  BtAinls  in  Scftrgill  wood  eilone, 
2f  or  bears  lie  now  a  liarsher  tone 
Than  the  hoarse  cuBbat's  plaintive  cry. 
Or  Oreta*8  fonnd  that  murmurs  by  j 
Ani)  on  the  dale,  ho  lone  acd  wild, 
The  lummer  eun  iu  quiet  amilcd." 

Canto  Hi.  stanza  3. 

Perhaps  the  epit^iph  might  have  been  written 
on  an  expatriated  scion  of  the  ancient  Boman 
Catholic  family  of  Witham  of  Llitfe,  long  resident 
in  that  northern  part  of  Yorkshire,  winch  a*  di- 
vided from  Burhiim  by  the  "  lovelier  Tees,"  for 
which  the  exile  pined  on  the  banks  of  the  Arno. 
The  present  and  last  representative  of  the  line, 
the  Eev.  Thomas  Witham,  now  resides  ut  Lart- 
ington  Hall,  near  Barnard  Castle  ;  and  amongst 
his  vj^hmble  collection  of  jwntiiigs  is  a  very  curious 
one,  in  oil",  of  old  Lord  Lovat,  who  was  executed 
for  the  ^bare  he  took  in  the  rebellion  of  1745. 

*  TLift  flhuuld  have  been  Hubert. 



[5*8.  V.Jjut^ai," 

Tb'       "'  '     '^Uf  And  tho  picture  was  found 

BO)  a  irnrrel  at  Cliffe  Hiill»  and  re- 

tnOVt-ii    ti'PJU    i  rn.ij'jr    to    Lfirtitl^OO.       LiftingtOIl  IS 

aUo  in  the  county  of  York. 

J«iH!C    PlCJCFORD,   M.A. 

H««rlKmrtie  Rectory,  WoodbrHlge, 

•'Thk  PKAt'K  Eoa  "  (ft"*  S.  ir,  511.)— In  Lan- 
cafthire  the  oUi  tnunitrier»'  pl»y  at  SI.  Go^tjt^  «j5 
dmcribeil  l»y  Mr,  Cox,  in     '  i  .  rforijie<i  ut 

EoAtcr^  ftriii   U  known  .'M  "  ,''  und  the 

pcrfaT»j<»rji  are  aiUed  "  fwicf'f^;:'  i-. 

H.  FiBHiritK,  F.S.A. 

The  confiwlnn  ncenis  to  be  due  to  t!ie  fact  that 
in  Miil-Ltincrinhiro  thr  Triutiiiuerft  tlo  not  t'O  ubout 
at  <  I  hut  in  PiiH«i.ju  week,  unJertbe  natiic 

of  *'  .  r*,"  t.  (»,  l*ju^<|[ij€  epgere.     Our  people 

\\im\  tu   patronize  ihcm  wlien  we  were  children. 
They  genorally  »\\n\f  n  aong,  and  htvd  some  aword- 
pluy,  iind  luid   the  doctor,  rhe   old    v. 
Th*y  twe  not  niucli  pntroiii/i'fl  roiiv-,   l'^  r 

to  that  »ort  of  thiii^*  in  Piti^iun  week,  vet  ^  ^..  p^-. .  iy. 

P.  P. 

"InincA"  on  "Hilkptca"  (S^i*  S.  v,  nO-In 
th«  iirticlc  on  "  The  Wi»c  Wonmn  of  Winjf "  {anU, 
p»  4),  "iripica*'  in  naid  to  hiive  bt*en  brought  from 
•JaiiMiicH,  and  thut  its  coui position  w{i>j  kept  a  pro- 
found  Hocrvt.  The  "  niysterious  dnix"  Ls  the  old 
nnd  Well-known  prepaj*ution  called  "hiem  piem/' 
the  wicred  bitter,  whiel)  wjia  a  fx>wder  consit^tinipf 
of  one  part  of  nioes  nnd  tlirep  piirtni  of  cunpllii 
bark,  two  dnig«  which  ure  imported  from  the  West 

**  inprjv  ]Hcrii"  \^  vulgarly  pranonncod  "hickry- 
pickry,"  and  it  i.^  ul?io  known  by  the  vid^^ar  naine 
"pilbcnHby,"  which Kretu't  Ui  mcfiu  "  Jiiliiln?  nocci;!'," 
of  wbiob  one  of  the  inijrc^rlipnts  was  '*  htem  picra." 
See  Fharmacnpaia  dylUgii  Tx^galU  Mfihcomm 
Lotidinen$if^  folio,  1721,  p.  95.  A.  8. 

**  Irapica"  wiis  doubtless  conip-  extract  of  colo- 
cynlhj  wi'll  known  iinwn^  the  poorer  rlass  (in 
Kent  at  Icunt)  .-m  '*  hicrapi.-ni."  P.  W.  J. 

Hats  Woax  at  Mkals  (r>'»'  S.  v.  27.)  — D.  G.  E. 
irWci  im  instanco  of  this  cnstoin  nt  the  Clmrtor- 
honne  in  H52L',  and  inquires  whttber  it  wtis  u'^ijul 
to  Bit  ilown  to  nu^als  covered.  Mn  .Samuol  IVpvs's 
dinry  far  Hept.  Si2,  ICfM,  is  as  toMowr  :  *'  Floiue  to 
l>cd  ;  bavin;;  («^ut  a  Kt range  cold  in  my  bead,  liy 
Hinj^in^  off  my  bat  nt  a  dinner,  sittinrr  with  the 
Mvlnd  in  my  neck.'^  And  Lord  llraybrooke,  in  hi^ 
note  on  ibifi  passage,  refers  to  a  statotueut  in:ole 
by  Jjnrd  djirmdcin,  in  lu.^  cwsny  on  thff  Thonf  nf 
He^ttd  }>^i\d  to  A(jf,  in  the  I'UVot  that  when  ynuni,' 
he  never  kept  \m  hat  on  befor«s  his  seniors,  except 
ftt  dinner.  A«  J.  M. 

**ArKKn"  (f.»h  S.  V.  03,  note,)— Dr.  CiTAwrE 
niika  for  infornitUion  respecting  the  use   of  this 

worr],  in  the  sense  of  h  ineajttire  of  laxxtL 
iniraediftteiy  after  reading  his  query  I  came  ttj 
the  wor<l  in  a  German  horticulturul  jourojil, 
it  is  explained  that  the  English  ac!re  h 
aix>ut  stven-tenths  of  a  Saxon  acktr.     But 
pect  the  use  of  the  word  to  desijniate  a  fixed 
of  land  is  quite  local,  for  1  do  not  remember] 
met  with  it  before,  Morqtn  being  the  U 
rally  emphiyed.  W.  B,  Hi 


LlEWELTM'  at  GntPTtTH  AKD  HIS  Dj 

(.^*^  aS.  V.  48.)-The  statement  cited  by 
the  pe<iijrree  of  Mostyn  of  Talacre,  Burked 
ntta^e^  1^55.  which  has  sug^^'ested  his  iiiqi 
mi.^print.     Yorwerth  Vychan  ap  Yorw 
ancestor  of  the  Mostyn  line,  married 
daughter  of  Griffith  ap  Llewelyn,  Prince 
Wales,  and  sister,  not  dau^jhter,  of  Llei 
Griffith,  hist  Prince  of  North  Wales.   By 
to  the  fa,mily  of  Trevor  of  Trevallyn  (whi« 
<'oujn)on  orifjin  with  that  of  Mi>9tyn\  uoder^ 
of  Penpomprcn,  Burke's  Lnndtd  (rentrff^   1( 
will  be  seen  that  the  wife  of  Yorwerth  Vycl 
Yorwerth  (Jam  was  Catht^rine^  daughter  of  Gi 
ap  Llewelyn,  Prince  of  North  Wales. 

t^atbejine,  daoj^hter  of  the  kst  Prince  of  N< 
Wales,  Llewelyn  ap  GrifiRtb,  ia  stated  by  W| 
^eneaIor,d8t3  to  have  married  Philip  ap  Ivor,  ^ 
of  Cardigan,  and  to  have  been  by  him  mother l 
dauj^hter  and  heirtss,  Eleonore,  who,  nun 
Thomaij  ap  Dewelyn,  last  Lcird  of  South 
hail  an  elder  daujihtcr  and  co-heir,  EJeoi 
mother,  by  her  huKband  Griffith  Vyciian, 
Glyndwrdwy,  of  Onpn  (jlyndwr,  repre&eai 
paternally,  of  the  Powysfnn  s^vercigne. 

Sfon  ap  Gwyllim  ap  Si 


TnE  DiK-siNKKns  and  Artists  in  Mf.dalS' 

TnK  SevENTEF.KTH  and    ElOHTKE^TH   CwiTt 

IN  Grkat  Britain  (n"*  8,  iv.  449  :  v.  65.)— 1 
are   some   scattered    notices    on    this   subject 
Bolzenthars     i<kiszin     zur     KunstrfrachirJitt 
modemm  MedailUn- Arbeit  (1429-1840). 
184t».  T,  J. 

"  Attornky  "  (6»»^  S,  V.  8.)— I  take  the 
which  Hic  ET  Ubique  asks  for  to  be  this,  whi< 
extract  from  Abp.  Trench's  Sdtct  (Jlmmry : 
everlasting  ntid  only  Hipb  BLshop  ;  our  onlyi 
tornoy,  only  mediator,  only  peacenuiker  betwi 
God  and  man."— i4  *s7iort  Ctihrhi.nn,  \lf^i2. 
publication  of  this  l»  rebted  in  Collier's  HUU 
v.  4;>7  ;  but  the  author  does  not  seem  to  be 
t,iinly  known.  I  may  add  that  this  short  catechii 
undt'r  the  title  of  Kinji^  Edward  VL's,  ia  the  firttl 
tide  in  Bishop  Randolph's  EfuJtiridioti  Th(f*lt 
CTtm,  where  Hic  et  UniQUK'a  passage  will  be  fot 
on  p.  16.  The  cjit^chism  is  nlso  printed,  botl 
Ku^jlish  and    L.ttin,  in   The  Two  Liturgiis 




•dit^d,  for  the  PuTker  Society, 
Rpr.  Jmtfti  Ketle>%  where  the  ptuiiMi^re 
o  «D  pk  di>4,  and  in  Latin— the  word 
** ^ToeaXva^—on  p.  5r).X 

C.  F.  S.  Wahrex,  ma, 

iKLATVoirami*  (5»»  S.  iv.  321),  415,  47fi,  &22.)— 
atjnmhfp  hf  sfflnity  id  noL  extended  to  co]- 
nl  nJauoQs  of  tltu  '*  propositits,"  Thw?,  tny 
idiliotr?  ttr  ^rrm^an^uinity  are  my  relations 
iTc  DO  rdatiourt  jit  all  to  my 
Lral  relatioDS,  or  (a  /(frtiori) 

th^  case  in  question.    My  wife's 

n         ^    -  nephews  and  nieccB  by 

I  ,  and  are  finit  couainn  to 

;  lnj;  .uv>  ...e  no  relations  at  all  to 

and,  a  fortiori^  no  rehitiona  to  Lis 

C.  S. 

jjquMKXT  Siiit.i.i!fo  (5»**  S.  iv.  5()R,)— A  ring 
HBbt  of  ti  shilling  from  the  offertory  13  ocea- 
^B  naed  in  Herefordshire  as  a  remedy  for 
V  T.  W.  Webb. 

m-  ^'  -•      (J"'  S.  iv.  4*>8,  5<^r».)— It  is 

vt:  Mannfield'i*  rea'^on  for  u!ioo»- 

'^  '  -i.^  title,  and  if  he  had  any  con- 

town.     When  William  Murray, 

]»irr.    uTirl  a  TOUn^rer  flOU  of   \h' 

T'»6  to  be  made  n  l>!»rf>ii, 
)   for  his  title  because 
i^^   was   c  ii  I    that    part  of   the 

■».    She  T,  Ht  r  .»f  the  E;irl  of  Win- 

mi.  He  married  in  173S. 
le  Eiirl  of  Mansfield,  with 
^iBiitx  to  Uls  nephew.  He  ought  to  have 
PUS  ftf  htit  title  the  name  of  some  place  in 
Kiboif :  for  family  and  local  rea&on»  Scone 
IdJ  hare  been  suitable,  f>>r  local  reasons  Gowrie 
IqM  bare  I  welt     On  this  occaRJun  he 

Wttd  a  «:  Ic  abgenee  of  proper  national 

'''■••      ^  ,  LftriiiT  the  mistake  in  IV.'iG,  he 

ityof  correcting  it  in  I77G,  and 
..,.-.,„,  ....  r.rror.  There  is  another  instance 
tht  §ame  fault  ;  in  178(),  Alexander  Wedder- 
D,  m  native  of  East  Lothian,  wels  made  a  baron, 
eho«e  to  \ie  named  Baron  LoughborongU,  of 
;rbboroa2^,  in  the  county  of  Leicester.  His 
'  hat  he  had  been  member  of  Parlia- 
frtf  that  phvce  or  for  fomo  town  near 
H|  ]  I'Jo  he  kid  a  new  patent  gntnted  to  liim 
^Pome  aitenition  as  to  the  eucce^^ion),  as 
ill  I>3iighborough,  of  L4^»ii|;,d» borough,  in  the 
liijr  of  Surrey.  In  1801  he  waa  to  be  mjide  an 
"  OQ  t/iM  occiision  he  hud  the  good  tjuite 
proper  amount  of  nationulity  to  take  a 
f)  hh  own  country  :  lie  waa  made 

o:  TnOJLAS  SxiiAlTOJf. 

"Thkbk  was  as  ape,"  &c.  (5*"  S.  W.  149,  21% 
275  ;  V.  3ft.)— Siin^ly  Kiy  learned  friend  Mn. 
Berniiard  Smith  is  a  little  unkind.  I  n»sert 
that  apes  have  no  toei?.  Mr.  Smith  taken  iho 
trriable  to  write  to  "  N,  <fc  Q."  to  hold  me  up  to 
your  readers  as  piilty  of  a  "mistak**,"  f't'c^mstA 
(says  Mil.  Smith)  "  these  bcaats  "  fidthoutTh  called 
quudruniana)  huve  *' hinder  thumbs/' whith  *•  by 
courtesy  "  may  be  teriued  toes.  This  may  be  very 
courteous  to  **  these  beasts,"  l)ut  it  h  very  hard 
upon  Middle  Tuiii'LAn. 

"Ctvibm"  (h^  a  iv.  288,  472;  v.  39,)-As 
rrcently  fta  \S^t7  there  waa  a  Rev.  James  Sevier, 
Rector  of  Hfistield,  neor  Gloueester.  A  gentleman 
with  the  name  of  Sevier  ia  now  Hvintj  at  Maise- 
more,  near  Gloucester.       P.  J.  F.  GASTiLL03f, 

The  Charterhouse  t  Bravors  (fj***  S,  v,  27, 
rj«j.)— The  word  htavor  or  hcvtr  did  no?,  juijunify 
ft  drink,  but  a  meal.  Phillips  (1 7^0)  drir.nes  it  fta 
"u  small  coll:;tion  betwixt  dinner  and  supper," 
and  Bailey  (1737)  adds  to  this  defiuJrton,  '*an 
afternoon  luncheon,"  The  12th  of  I>ccember 
WIL9  kept  «3  the  founder's  commeinonition  day. 
The  founder,  Sutton,  died  December  12, 
IGU,  and  it  wjia  ordered  that  henceforth  on  that 
day  there  should  be  a  special  5ervii*e,  and  that  the 
inmates  of  the  hospital  should  have  extra <*ommons, 
as  on  all  other  fetjtival  days.      Edward  Solly. 

The  word  htver^  m  the  sense  of  refreshment, 
would  feera  to  have  been  in  use  until  compant- 
tively  recent  date.  It  is  i?o  applicil  hy  John 
Thomas  Smith  in  the  following  jnwsaye  from 
Xolltki^ns  and  hi*  Timf^:  — 

'*  lie  (Tcncriiilr  contriired  to  g«i  throuj^h  ilie  tnudl 
•luiiititv  ho  nllowcd  himsolf,  ner«r  thinking  t*i  kecpinu 
in>y  portion  of  a  ntlt  or  a  pat  of  butter  Nt  ai»y  one  who 
iij'P^ht  |>np  in  »t  Ilia  lii'fakfnflini;  hour,  or  iw  vk  rp'crve  for 
A  fricnJ  »i  ft  bever  before  diuasr."— VpI.  i.  \\.  75). 

The  book  was  published  in  1S28,  and  it  must  be 
inferred  that  the  expreBsion,  if  not  then  comtnoni 
was  not  supposed  to  rcfpiire  explanalion. 


In  close  accordance  with  the  expression  *'Dyeta 
and  BeavoTs,"  a  labouriufr  man  in  Betifordshiro 
always  usei^  the  word  hf/tKt  or  haver.  It  means 
*'«!;omeibinrr  to  eat  and  HlriDk"ahfivit  eleven  o'clock, 
Kimilar  to  our  liincheow.  If  you  inquire  uh  to 
wages,  your  man  will  reply  that  he  h:u«  *f>  much 
a  day  and  his  }Mia\  T.  W.  K. 

See  Thf  PxtUic  Schooh'  Cakndar  for  1866, 
p.  206,  under  "  (IJharterhouac  "  :— 

"  If  ft  boy  wnnlf  an  Additionitl  pit-ce  of  brem^b  he  ukf 
for  n  '  bearor'  (hwero),  ft  bit  taken  with  drink  ;  a  term 
also  in  use  at  WinchcaUr.** 

P.  J.  l\  Gaktillox. 

GrpsiER  :  TiNKLKUH  (fy^  S.  ii.  421  ;  iil  401) ; 
r.  52.)— The  name  **  Tinkler  "  as  applied  to  Gipsiet, 




in  fr^quenllv  mentioned  in  A  Ilittorff  &f  the 
ftilttiti,  by  fr^ilter  Bimson,  edited  by  Jflnies  Sim- 
son,  published  in  WG5  by  SaJiipaon  Loyr  &  Co,, 
London  J  and  Men/.ies,  Edinbur^fh.  Thi:?  work, 
575  puges,  containit  a  most  interesting  collection 
of  fiicta  relating  to  the  Scotch  Gipsies.  There  is 
much  evidence  of  patient  reaenreh  and  truthful 
jnvc.^tipation,  hut  little  practioal  knowledge  of 
Gi]jsy  inner  life  and  every- day  poenes  of  their 
ttnted  wanderings.  The  Scotch  Giiiaica  are  often 
niedtioaed  by  the  author  ns  TioklcM  and  Horners, 
fmni  thoir  occupation,  just  as  niany  En*,dish  Gipaica 
are  en  lied  Tinkers.  Tbe  word  only  means  a  par- 
ticulEir  craft,  not  a  race  of  people.  There  ia  no 
Knmany  word  that  I  ever  heard  from  which  Tinliler 
could  be  derived.  The  intcreatinp  proof  of  the 
early  mention  of  the  naiuc  seven  huivlred  years 
back  sliowB  that  the  occupM ion  of  tinkler  or  tin- 
smith wus  an  Jincicnt  craft,  bnt  nf fords  no  nroof 
that  Cipfliea  were  then  to  be  found  in  Siotland. 
Tt  Wfjuhl  i*eciu  thnt  <iipsie&,  after  their  arrival  in 
Ericniland,  about  luUfi,  followed,  nuionfT<;t  other  oc- 
cu]):tlion3  best  suited  to  a  wandering  life,  the  tin- 
amitira  crsift,  which  has  in  many  other  conn  trios 
been  with  Gij^iic?  ft  favourite  nieana  of  Kaininj;T  a 
^ubjii^tence.  In  1S74  I  visited  bouic  Hun^Mrian 
Cii]i*.icK  !it  their  camp  in  Norway^  and  they  were 
following'  the  occupation  of  tinklers. 

HuitERT  Smith. 

PRK-llEFOniIATIO!r    CHrBCTi    PLATE   (5*^   S.  Y. 

48,  7f'.)— See  p.  U.'i  of  Vuriaiitics  ofLtynthiij  185r>, 
by  the  hi  to  John  Tirnha,  for  n  deffmption  of  the 
purisb  church  of  ^t.  Mary  3Iaydalcne,  liennond- 

*' A^mna  thi}  commtmian  plate  ii  an  ancient  eilrer 
iiilver,  aupiiD>4eii1  to  1i«to  belfiHt'^d  to  tbe  Alibey  of  Jler- 
mofiilflty:  in  th&  centra,  &  kniRht  in  plftte  arnioiir  ii 
Iinncliii^  to  H  fctnnle  about  tn  p1ic«  a.  helmet  on  h\>*  bead, 
at  this  i^le  or  &  ciutl<*  or  rortilifid  t&wn  ;  fi^om  the  fuhion 
of  tbe^  iirmonr  ntid  tb^  form  of  I.tie  helmet  tbii  r^lic  is 
referred  to  the  u^  t^f  Edward  II." 

In  thi^  alum  dish  »tiU  used  3 

C.  WoTiiERaroo». 

Ivr  :  IvvT  :  TvfiRT  (5**  S.  iv.  488-}— A  farm 
labourer,  native  of  Kottingbamflhire,  long^  resident 
in  Lincolnshire,  generally  speaka  of  it  a.*  'Mhe 
green  l-vo-ry"  J,  BsiLE. 

HKRALnic  (5*^  S.  V,  9,  54,)— In  the  Onthiringt 
of  Ojr/onMir*',  collected  by  Bi chard  Lee  in  1574, 
contained  in  the  fifth  volume  of  the  pu hi i cations 
of  the  Harleian  Society,  At  p.  0,  the  am; a  A,  E,  L,  L. 
inquire!.'*  about  are  attributed  to  the  family  of  San- 
chet  :~ 

"  In  Samlerte  Home. 

"  Quarter  J  J  of  ijii.  1 .  Burry  nabuk^  of  six  or  End  a. 
[Blount].  'L  Or,  a  oaatte  «.  [Sanehell.  3.  Valree  arg. 
and  ax.  [Beauchmmp  of  Hachel.  4.  Two  woItm  piiaant 
wUhia  a  treiaure  fleurle  (imtiDcturcdj  [Jah,  d§  Ajltde 

Ili9|>aniaJ.  5.  Sa.  ft  pal*  mrg.  [Jo,  de  Js  Fordt^  $,  Ckp 
a  erejboiind  Baliftnt^  parted  pn  p^«  n.  uid  kqp.  [Jo.  ii 
]a  Ford  in  com.  Bucki^  inipaluig,  Quarter] j  1  ukd  i 
At.  on  a  cmts  between  fonr  do^ei  arg;.  Atc  tortauii  ft^ 
eacli  chaTf^d  with  a  atu*  arg.  [Liatarji.  S  »Dd  3.  Gi. 
temC'fl  of  crciirentB  or,  a  lion  raajpant  mrg.  [Lialer]. 

"  Over  it  wntlan  R.  Bloimt  k  K.  LUter.'* 

The  editor  adds  a  note  i — 

**  Tbe  names  Attached  to  the  ooAta  mv  princrpiilf 
tall  en  from  Wood's  nntei,  nude  wbcm  h«  Tijitcd  Sarrifl 
Home,  Feb,  2S,  18T5." 

WlLLIAlf    C    HEA5I, 

Belt^-Frogs  in  England  {6"»  S.  it.  486.>- 
No  doubt  the  clear  bet  I -like  nooB  heard  by  De 
GoRnoN  proceeded  from  theNiitteij&cIc  Toad  {B^ 
cnlnmita).  I  know  from  perAOQid  Qb«enrati<m  tv 
this  species  abounds  ao  near  to  Olapham  m  Ikam 
Common.  It  h  a  for  hundaomer  and  more  attZB' 
tlve-looking  nnintal  than  the  common  toad,  udii^ 
croaking  is  just  as  described  by  Dr,  Goudoit. 

W.  fi.  TAfi 

Blandford  Bt  ^lary,  Doivei 

Mkdallic  (C*  S.  it.  487.)— Although  the  ms&i 
to  which  I  alluded  appeared  to  answer  bo  veHto 
the  description  of  that  mentioned  bj  O'Bnditi 
iio&i  authority  has  since  pronounced  it  Ui  l>e  tf 
tho  pixteenth  century,  and  stated  that  &  Mdi- 
scriptinn  of  it  IB  giFen  in  Kohler'e  Mum  Bdi^ 
puis  J  Nurembeii^^  L734,  voL  vL  p.  a&3. 

Ralph  N.  Jamu 

Aihford,  Kent. 

NOTEa  DN  BOOKS,  &a 
CixHrva  Ch&skorvm.—ThMcydida^  I II. -IV.    K- 
ited,  with  English  Notes,  by  G.  A.  Simcoi,MJ< 
Taciii  Ilisl&rur,  I.-IL     Edited,  with  EasB 
Notes  and  Introduction,  by  W,  H.  Simcox,  MJ- 
T£T€ufii  A  ndria.  Edited  by  T,  L.  PftpiUon,  MX 
New  Edition,  with  an  Introduction  on  Ptm^ 
We  have  here  several  vftluable  inatflluient- 
upeful  Borics  of  the  ClassJCT  coiomeQced  ur..% :  -^ 
jrtint  supervision  of  Mr.  Holmes und  Mr.  Big^M^ 
which  baa    from    tbe   first    cotnnmnded   gtKol 
Approval  by  the  judicious  selection  of  editon,  td 
the  conHcientions  m.\nQer  in  which  the  ohjfcti  d 
tbe  series  have  been  carried  out.     In  the  selDfl" 
before  ua,  we  note  with  pleasure  th^t  Mr.  &  i- 
Simcox  bring?  to  bear  on  the  eluctdntioo  of  & 
text  not  only  the  results  of  bis  well-known  clsttkil 
scbolamhip,  but  also,  and  very  much  to  tbe 
a  knowletlge  of  the  idioms  of  modern  Eniujtfi 
htn^ages.     We  may  hope  that  boys  will  be  ii- 
duced  to  tre4it  their  modern-Iongiiage  master  wdfc 
greater  respect,  when  they  observe  thftt  Mr.  Sto- 
cox  Bomelinies  Ands  the  best  renderiDg  of*  QttA 
passage  in  a  French  rather  th&a  in  an  ~ 

construction  («.f.  bk.  iv.  chap.  4^    EigbUy  viemd,  ] 
there  Is  not  only  no  oppoutuui  bet^sea  tiM  ti* 




todies,  but  rather  much  assistance  to  be  derived 
from  their  8iir'tjT^'n«''iiis  pursuit*    Mr,  W.  H.  Sim- 
cox  ixivti  \in  A  0  books  of  the  HiHU)ry  of 
Tacitus,  wltli  >               1  mif  Introduction,  in  which 
te  inves'i.          '            t  the  questions,  historical, 
philo*oplj  L-.;,  ,  id  1-1  ^oal,  that  have  from  time 
to  time  he^n  mwjted  respecting  bi«  author,  with  a 
loafoiiig  and   an    occuiooal    quaintly  humorous 
expression  tbut  render  it  very  pleasant 
^^     The  note3,  soraetimea  perhiips  too  dog- 
!^on  matters   of  textual  criticisnij  have  the 
t  value  of  containinj?,  in  many  cases,  food  for 
im  well  aa  help  for  the  difficulty  of  the 
Mr.   Papillon's    new    edition    of    the 
as  for  it*  very.sufficient  raisou  d\'tr€  an 
f  ion,  now  first  prefixed,  on  Latin  Prosody, 
I   he  discusser  the  knotty  questions  con- 
}                >t  merely  with  Terentian  metre,  but  with 
u               lie  comic  poets  generally.    To  the  plido- 
iogist  the  interest  of  thi»  discusBion  i§  hcii^htened 
^T  the  fact,  justly  insisted  upon  by  Mr.  Papillon, 
fe  **  the  languas;e  of  Cicero  and  Caeusjar,  of 
id  Ovid,  waa  a  tixed  literary  dialect,  stereo- 
)d  polished  to  uo  artilicial  precision  and 
y  impossible  for  the  lanyptiage  of  every- 
Terence  and  Plautus  wrote  much  as  the 
of  their  time  spoke." 

Mil.  MmitAT  hu  completed  the  life  of  Mr.  Groto,  by 
Ting  further  mmples  of  the  great  thinker's  rucntal 
in  a  work  entillecl  F/tijjiifnts  on  Ethical  iS^tb- 
,  by  thft  Ute  George  Grote,  F.K.S.,  being  a  selection 
bil  ffOiihumoua  papers.  In  six  es$Aj«  Mr.  Groto 
tL(»  nftture  and  growth  of  ethicui  sentimeut, 
Ik*  pililkMspby  of  moraU,  the  ancient  lystems  of  moi-nl 
pihiloMfUij.  the  idea  of  ethical  philoaophT,  the  rouralfl 
§md  the  pollticv  nf  Aristotle.  The  book  is  by  a  thougbU 
fkiJ  IBMl  for  thoughtful  readcrt.  With  regard  to  one 
ttr  it  miubt,  pi^rhapH,  be  iJmplv  laia  that  every 
ipring*  from  (ielf^ehneM,  and  that  every  selfish 
h««  in  him  the  germ  of  every  crime.  Hia  aafeguard 
lo  wmich  and  pmy  agaiiiEt  hia  selliahnesa. 
3Ir-    F'  K,  niotred,  perhaps,  by  Im  success 

jpriUi  tb-j  I'm^p-itM,  has  publialicd  a  lacBimilo 

|^^«  Cisi.  <u  .i.t  ii  uf  Izaak  Waltun'ii  CompUU  Angler, 
^^^rik  orij^nal  edition  came  out  in  1053.  This  reprint 
^^pJKad  farour  inith  all  who  "  love  quietnease,  and  ver- 

I    Ga*:AMBRibGK'i}  Handy  Concordance  to  th«  iVVtc  Tula- 

P        -     -  *'^    ---.--^,    contains  nearly  thirty   thounund 
'  erfectwork  for  iho  object  kept  in 


tQ  books  received  we  have  to  note  a  reprint  of 

'n  Sermon  on  tht  Reformation  (Fiokering),  l>eing  a 

.(  iri  which  Fuller's  collect^  eermons 

c  I  .T.  E.  Bailey,  F.S.A.,— an  ititorestinf^ 

..-j/  Famjiif  of  Mdrwiiim,  htt'^ttn  ike 

rjti  a/id  Ike  Ctost  of  Ou  TkirUenlh  Ctn- 

F.  R.  Palmer  (Tarn worth,  Thompson),— 

U'lmffr  (£.  W.  Alien),  in  which  the  author. 

Vatt,  thinks  the  earth  is  increasing  in  weight,  from 

maUcr  depofited  on  the  surface,  and  is  perilled 

wutthmrgtf^MfnicHaU  of  the  Reo,  John  Dod, 

#^  FAWMlMMt  NoTthamptoTukire,  IQIA-Au  (North- 

i^TlijIor  tt  con) :  in  addition  to  biographical  details, 

we  have  here  various  Tcifions  of  I'od's  sermon  on  raslt, 
with  a  collection  of  the  worthy  sayings  of  old  Mr.  Dod, 
and  a  bibliojirnphtcal  liet  of  [his  writin^^,— last,  but  not 
least,  on&  of  our  esteemed  correspondents.  Mr.  Wni. 
Wing,  has  reprinted,  from  the  Oxford  VhroKiekt  hia 
AnnaU  of  Steeple  Atton  and  Middle  A  Hon,  in  the 
CoMHiif  !>/  Oxford.  Mr.  Wittg  is  au  admit aljle  local 
hiHtoHan.  In  seven  dozen  of  neatly  printed  pagos  he 
btts  cotidenecd  mutter  which  some  conipilers  would  have 
fipread  over  a  quarto  or  two. 

TnB  TrxLK  up  *'  UKVKnK^n/*— The  Judicial  Committee 
of  the  Privy  Conncil  have  declared  that  "reverend  "  is  not 
a  pecmlifir  title  of  oflicc  or  dignity,  but  one  of  courtesy, 
applicable  to  those  wbo  are  worthy  of  revcniuce-  Wbere* 
upon  tbe  Rev.  G.  W.  Manning  has  taken  t)te  step  thtti 
announced  in  tlie  Dailxf  Ntvs  of  Tuesday,  'iotii  inst. : — 
''The  Vicar  of  Uttle  Petberick,  8.  I?sey,  Cornwall, 
has,  in  an  advertisement  in  a  Plymouth  newspaper,  re- 
que'ited  correspondents  to  address  him  in  future  as 
G.  W.  Manning.  He  adds, '  correspondents  who  prefix 
to  his  name  ths  now  desecrated  epithet  of  "  reverend  " 
will  please  not  to  be  offended  if  he  rejects  their  lettors, 
&c.'"  The  Guardian  states  that  severnl  of  its  clerical 
subfcribers  liav<f  requested  tliat  tho  pnper  uliould  not  be 
sent  to  them  with  the  prefix  of  "Itev."  to  their  namos« 

The  February  number  of  the  Law  Mapazine  and 
Htpiev  will  cofiiain  an  exhaustive  article  on  the  ♦'  Ex- 
territoriality of  Public  Ships  of  War  in  Foreign  Waters," 
by  Sir  Travers  Twiss,  throwing  new  light  on  the  legal 
aspects  of  tlic  Adnjiralty  Slave  Circular. 

ExoMENsts  denies  the  fact  recorde<l  ante,  p.  65#  and 
quoted  from  the  Exeter  Wtsf(m  Times. 

fiotitti  to  CarrctfponOciitif. 

On  all  ccmmanlcationt  sbotild  be  written  the  name  and 
address  of  the  sender,  not  neeesaarity  for  pubiieatioo,  but 
as  a  guarantee  of  good  faith. 

S.  YorKt!.— b'ee  Geneml  Index,  *'  N.  k  Q.,"  Second 
Beries,  for  the  subject  of  ''Midwife  nnd  Jklan-Midwife." 
The  origin  and  history  ar  i there  pretty  fully  shown.  The 
recent  i-esolution  cf  the  Council  of  the  Itoyal  College  of 
Surgeons  to  admit  lady  students  in  midwitcry  to  cxsmi- 
nations  in  that  branch  of  the  medical  pr^fcpsion  is  no 
novel tv  at  all.  To  the  information  contained  on  this 
point  m  the  b'econd  Series,  we  add  tho  following  extract 
from  the  autobiography  of  the  well-known  Mia.  Lictitia 
Pilkington  <171i-1750),  whose  father.  Dr.  Tan  Leweu, 
was  a  medical  man  practising  in  Dublin  :  *'  And  there 
being  then,"  sava  the  lady,  "but  one  Man-Midwife  in 
tbc  Kingdom,  my  Father  made  himself  Master  of  that 
useful  Art.  and  practised  it  with  great  Succcst,  Keputa- 
tjon.  and  tlumanity." 

W.  C.  IJ.  fG'^  S.  iv.  439.)-M.  W.  writes  r-"T  find  in 
Tkf  Poetical  Album,  edited  by  Alaric  A.  Watts,  second 
seriei,  published  by  Hunt,  Chance  k  Co.,  8t.  Paul's 
Churchyard,  18*29,  the  little  poem  inquired  for  by 
W,  C.  Jl,;  it  is  there  called  *The  Scarf  of  Ootd  and 
Blue,  a  ballad,  by  U.  G.  Bell,  Esq..'  and  appears  to  be 
taken  from  T/te  Literarjf  Smtvehir," 

0,  Steel— In  the  Ust  century  Mr.  Horne  {oh.  173&), 
the  banker,  held  the  office  of  lamplighter  to  his  Msjet ty, 
for  which  he  received  (XXW.  a  year.  The  nost  wot  in  the 
gift  of  the  Lord  ijteward  of  the  Houiehola. 

laaoRAST. — Any  intelligent  child  could  answer  such 
a  qoeiy.  The  same  may  bo  said  aa  to  the  query  of 
G.  M.  W. 

PHitoL,— "SkittingDealerf  *•  was  a  slang  phraw,  w 
George  Il.'e  time,  tor  beggan  who  profeated  to  b« 



A-  K.  (Taunton,)— We  wilH  forward  the  itsiprcMion  to 
Lo8i«  AlWype  Co«PTt>v.  It  will  pirc  via  great  pleasure 
to  bcjir  fram  you  on  any  future  occasion. 

DrKSLWKSSlB,— The  «ubject  «ug;;osteJ  !■  quite  saitnblc. 

Mk.  FuRSJVALL'fl  minti  11  acltuowlcJged  witli  best 

A  YouTTiFUl  AtTTiion,— Tnio  ist-nitw  can  geuerallj 
do}.>en<]  on  H«elf  to  be  tlutj  appreciated. 

J.  B.  H.— In  EngUnd,  at  all  eTonU,  the  k  u  uatuvUy 

G.  E.  C— ^■ext  week. 

Quotations  Waktfj?  next  wetk. 

Kkbatum.— Bj  t*u  oveTi^i^ht  lautf,  p,  2i'A,  ihe  word 
CM^potrtrvfj  wa«  printed  with  u  lu  pLu^e  uf  the  o. 


Editorial  Communiefttirms  should  be  addreised  to  '*  Tbr 
Etlittir  of  'Notes  and  l^ucrifs'"— Advertjeement*  im*i 
Bwineaa  I^ctt^-rs  to  -Tht  PubliHiop"— at  the  Office,  'iO, 
WHUngton  Street.  Strand,  London,  W.C. 

We  be^  loavp  to  stale  thtit  w«  docline  to  return  com- 
munvcatioiu  which,  for  nn;  reason,  we  do  not  print ;  and 
to  this  rule  wo  can  make  no  excej^tioo. 

AliLIlIlISilOf*  lltltKEI'.  MARTYR  AXIJ  SAIXT. 

■^.^ATMRtALS   far  *i"    UT-T-i}'V    -•  fllOMAS 

.                          r.  ,*rcbViUL.  i.D.  lira  by 

III      V<.j.    :  'OS,  »l  A., 

•                              rljt^rx,  iu>iJ   !  •■(  The  l.oruif 

'                           i..f  H.M.  Tie*3uij.  uLCci  ilit  lurt-  ijiji  of  tbe  Ui.*ur 


Oxford:  ^^,tknAV^'.     OBlnbridrr  r    iMn  > 
A.  A  C.  Et»ck.    fJubUu  ,  /. 

Kdlubiu-glii ; 




In  iinpciial  tvo.  pp-  0r9,priea  i:>*.  cloth, 

T  ETTERS      and      PAPEK8,      FOREIGN 

Ibe  TutliC  lie^ijril  t  fhee,  ltd.  .     t-'.ng 

laudl       Armugctl  fciiU  Ceiin  lu^ler 

tb«!    l»irrijti<n  *'f  ilie   lilii»i    .  ,,   th*- 

t-Lf'i'ii"ii  of  B.  JI.  ^tcrT:t;lllL.  ,.  .i.^.i i.,  juvm  uuttivu  ftniJ 

A.  I  -tvlix. 

'  ^vt  lawltich  IhU  Tulum«  It  i  relikt1r«  ia  ttit  relirioui.  |ioIitisal« 

i-  ■•.    ..(  .i;..i,tiiui*  ^iJirll^<1■^n••   <.r  1  »'nT-liiiii.u,iui\.  Mt  M,.L-i,i- (jinriiryof 

•I  II.,  '      .       ,  ,        .  .       !     '         i  -  I  IfQ    Gf 

'^  tche. 

^'  -j.Jiuf 

.  urd- 

>'  i^n  li.  md-ifixa,  viih 
oompIcUnc  tbt  MS,  It  id 

Li"...,— ■!    .. 

htklf     Hl'\-K%ti-il      ill      i 

gSntU  maUrt&l  ex  lit 

LmiJon:  L< 

Cxfcrd:  l-»jkef  A    ' 

A.  &  I .  <■>...».     i  uUtJU  :  A.TIiuB). 

>.  «iid  TnttBNER  &  CO. 
Macmillan  A  Co.    I^diatnlrfli : 


Xow  TBnIy,  Sew  EdJUon  for  li!7«.  with  aU  the  B*w  Kaijrtili, 

or       t     "!>AGE,  BARONETAGE,  KNIGHT- 

-    irCii    iThlrtT.Mjul;    V«»rt,   O'DtainiDt    Peere, 
.iiijlhts  of  th»  lifttL,  JCo, ,  tiirnated  tbr«tviii;buut  ou 


WlirrTAK£R  A  CO^  Arc  M^rlk   Luui; 
And  ait  AiMkKtltn  io  Vuwa  ar  Coamty. 

litWKr.T  FCMinATIOX. 

PI  ESSE  &  LUBIN'8  RlliliON  of  BRUGES.— 
LiRht  II,  l\ow  out  tlti>  riamr.  »nd  si  It  uiould«ri  s  PriMmnL 
Vapour  will  rU«  Ibto  th»  Ait.  i«,  per  '^mnl.  (told  \ty  L'i)«uiidt*  rvtrj- 
*LeT¥.— L«b<ir»l«Ji/,  3.  New  IJoud  otrcct.  J.otiduu. 









Uu  been  |iatd  u 

coursjiaATioK  ron  DKAta  akd  tsj 



BT  Tnjc 


Il-m.  A.  KINNA1RI>,  M.t*-,  CbMrinan, 

PalriMip   Cubital    nnd    Kt«erv»    Kim.l,   £1BO,01 

Annunl  Introui*,  JCfiOOtOOOi 

r^nuv  iLl|av«d  tv  Iriinurflr*  uf  FHe  Ve&rs'  •tanttimct 

Appir  ta  tbe  Clvrfit  kt  tti«  Kailwm:^  SUti'ti,!.,.  the  L«ra«l  A| 

H.  COHMlllLL,  wnd  1C«  RKOENT  t«TUKKT.  UlNl» 

^VtLLIAM  J.  VlAK, 



192,  Fleet  Street  (Corner  of  Chancery 

CAHRIAOE   PAID   TO    TilR    COtJNTIlV    ON    OlUI 

NOTE  rAPER,  Crnm  or  CUar,  U,.  **.,  t*.,  and  M,  per  rM^ 
KKVI'ILX'KS,  Cream  or  iJltio.  4<.  rrii..ftA  «4.aad««.M.  p«rl, 
THK  TLMPLK  KNVtJLcl'Ji:,  wula  Uigb  Inu.r  FJ*p,  Jt. 
STRAW  PaPKJ?— ItnrrijTed  quality,  5*  td.  p«r  rMm. 
I'Oul,-'    *  ■"  '  uliid«fa*.  eki  iKrwaio. 

BLAi  IE,  4*  and**,  fct  pernam, 

BLA-  t:l.i>l"K.i,l*.  per  lou- Super  iKldl 

TIM  - 1 1.,  for  Uome  or  Fortiign  Cvrtvpoad 

c>i:  ■    I'ur  i».  tt*I. 

COJ-«  l?rMJ   (KdloD.  Tedncfld  Io4r.  (M  pM> 

Hi  '       I'oliitied  .'iteBl   Cr«t  I»iei  nigr»v«tf 

IHouujruins.  l^o  l^tten,  ffoni  fti. ;  three  l«tten.  Ituiu  7a 

or  Addraaa  iHes,  from  a*. 
SERUtiN  PAPiai.  rl»lii.  *»  p*t  TfKm  :  RijJrd  dlH».  4*.  adt 
HUIIUOL  HTATinNKRY  ■upT<li«d  OM  the  moil  UWt%\  UrnO. 
lUiutratcd  Prim   L(it  of  liikatauda,  Dvapatih   D.^>t««.  p|i 
Cftblntto,  Poatage  Soal«s,  Wrltiug  Caiw,  I'arttmit  Albtima,  i 

(ESTAHI.Utilrp   [847.) 

The  Vellum  Wove  OIub-Honse  Pi^p 

llHiiirarturr<I  cspreaaly  ttt  in«H«anjrerMtty  rTprrl'omd 
pkptr  whtoti  thail  in  lladf  eombiue  ft  p^rfcctlj  laisvth  » 
UmI  frwdoBi  fr**m  i(r«a«e. 

The  Neur  V«llnm  IXTotc  Club-Hottse  Pi 

will  hm  foimd  to  piua«aalb«a«pMulJarittrf  pMnn^lftt-lv  l<f  tft« 

thobnt  tmra  rafBualy,  po«w«*«nr  t-— •  •  ■ i  .t'lrahl 

preMuaUag  o  lurfaoe  ei]UiftUy  Wrll  i  -^t  pi 

Tbe  NKW    VELLUM    WOVE    >  l;R 

kll  ollkcrarorfmootbnevacirturflii;  ^  ikti 

tare,  «otir«  •b«<nc«  of  aav  n^vaniu;  mdtKr  « - 
t«ad)u«  to  ItnpAlr  it*  durablUtr  or  in  mar  ^fj  •>' 
pcrtita.— A  >4«jnple  Packet.  eootaiulBc  an  Awkji. 
aiKca,  poflt  fTM  fur  S<t  (Stamps. 

PAKtRlDOS  k  COOPER.  llaDOJkotiirenMd  ^oli  Vol 
Flaet  Btrcet.  E.C. 




C0ITB5T8.~N»  110. 

.  loJ— Tbe  '•  Flnt  NobUUr"  Roll 

liukB  — lUrthworkii  in  Epping  Forest. 

JX^,  WouKes  of  Limerick— Celtic  tuid 

of  BromAeld  ftxid  Yale— Oamctt 

,  107—"  Ptwonft,"  Derivation 

1T£6— FamilieB  of  WoodwKtl  mkI 

J  *_WUU*m  Att«  Mawe- J.  S.  MUI-Latlf 
i  Gtaal  Moullne»u— "  The  ConTenlon  of  the 
i  —  ,,.'Bogue,  Bookieilor,   lOS— 
___  Ptaailf— ATi»Ua=Evelyn— Oair 
1  Bundled  Goilder  Print"— The  Pro- 
of   HoOiitid^CbArle*   Lamb— Fool,  in 

•— H«»ldic— Tho  D«TiT»tIoii  of  StUton, 

i  C^eaSaffton— PtiTilosM  of  BesimeitU,  100. 

IW— *«  Lait  of  the  attwaii,"  110— 

XU—Bof  BUbopt— CleopatTm— 8.  Co- 


BaiaTianum— 'H 

IiueripUoaa  in  Norman  Frendi— 

»'— L*  ZouclMs  FamUj— T1j8  De 

r^Brbtol   dubed^    Library,   Iis-John 

^C3laavell«r   EHMinero— "Ct^mln?   througfai 

■ftd  51  Lake.  IK^Tlie  ClmmerLatii  &&d 

\''^Ltmim  iMSsma,  U7. 


of  eij^t  iKJeruK'W  •"»  been  recently 

thoDgh  "  N-  &  Q*"  does  not  gcnemlly 

cublmmry  mftttera,  yet  there  are  some 

mt  these    creations  —  not    about 

lObleit  (who  ;ire  ;ill  fmic  tinti  an<l 

about    the   titles  selected  and 

;h  may  be  worthy  of  notice. 

IT  were  already  in  the  House 

one  (ofi  a  representative  peer  of 

Til- V  nre  as  follows  : — 

\1:  in  England  (and  of 

1 1  **Earl  of  Ivinnira, 

and  I>nke  of  Gordon,  of  Gordon 

of  the  United  Kingdom  called 

being  alreiuiy»  as  one  of 

Hdf  '*  a  double-barrelled  duke  " 

'   two  hundred  years'  standing), 

guiding  a  third  dtikedom  (of  the 

j!i  If  to  become  *'  a  revolver.''    Aa 

ire  of  his  grandmother,  the  senior 

of  Gordon,  he  poaaessea  Gor- 

estates  of  that  family^  which 

in  1836  (who  thcreuptm  to«k 

fen  before  that  of  Lennox)^  by  the 

eternal  uncle)  George,  fifth  Duke  of 

It  issut*,  in  that  year,  when  that 

Scotch  peemge)i  which  hud  hsted 

about  150  years,  became  extinct.  The  Marquess 
of  Huntly,  the  heir  male  of  the  house  of  Gordon, 
deBC«ndB  only  from  tbe  grandfather  of  the  first 
Duke  of  Gflffdon.  Tbe  earldom  of  Kinrara  is  a 
title  hitherto  unknown,  and  does  as  well  aji  any 
other  to  he  conpled  with  that  of  March,  the  cour- 
tesy title  of  the  duke's  eldest  son.  If  it  amusetd 
his  Grace  to  have  it,  it  certainly  hurts  no  one,  and 
doubtless  is  "  good  for  trade," 

2.  The  Earl  of  Abergavenny,  created  "  Rorl  of 
Lewes,  co.  Sussex,  and  Marquess  of  Al>ergavenny, 
CO.  Monmouth."  It  is  strange  that  the  town  of 
Lewes  has  never  before  been  selected  for  a  peerage 
deBigoation.  It  18  an  appropriate  title  for  one 
who  has  large  estates  in  *Sussei,  though,  in  this 
case,  that  of  Tunbridge  wotdd  have  been  still  more 
appropriate.  Aa  to  the  ruarquessate,  which  the 
Tirtus  thought  it  beneath  the  dignity  of  the  earl 
to  accept,  it  i»  hard  to  see  why  a  famUy,  which 
obtained  an  earldom  from  George  IIL,  Hhuuld  not 
take  a  marqueasate  from  his  gmndtiaughter.  With 
respect  to  the  barony  of  Abergavenny,  which  his 
ancestor,  Edward  Neville^  obtained  by  writ  of 
auinmons  in  \&}4  (though  he  was  not  the  heir 
geri€rnl  of  that  barony),  it  seems  douVitful  whether 
such  writ  (although  the  newly  summoned  baron 
was  placed  in  tbe  precedency  due  to  the  old  lords, 
i.  (i,  that  of  1392)  does  not  conatituto  an  entirely 
ntw  barony  of  that  dfite.  One  can  hardly  see  how 
it  deprived  Lswly  Fane,  the  heir  general,  of  her 
right  of  inheriting  the  ancient  barony,  which  (be 
it  remembered)  came  to  the  Nevilks  "with  a 
lass"  (in  1450),  and  ought  appurently  to  have  left 
them  "  with  a  lass,"  in  1587.  However  this  may 
be,  the  barony  which  Edward  Neville  possessed  in 
in04,  though  one  hif  wTtf,  was  aUoivcd  in  1695  to 
the  heir  mak^  instead  of  the  heir  general  (female), 
of  his  body,  and  as  the  present  marquess  is,  and 
his  great-grandfather,  the  first  earl,  was,  such  an  heir 
pi:de (though  they  wcrenot  heirs  general),  these  new 
titles  of  Abergavenny  are  removed  from  the  ob- 
jection of  giving  to  a  man  possciistng  a  barony  i» 
fee  an  earldom  of  the  same  pkce,  with  a  different 

3.  Lord  WhamcliflTe,  created  "Viscount  Carlton 
of  Carlton,  and  Earl  of  Wliarnclitfe,  both  in  the 
west  riding  of  co.  York  "  ;  with  a  ppeciid  remain- 
der, in  default  of  male  issue,  to  his  brother,  the 
Hon.  Francis  Dudley  Stuart- Wort  ley.  The  Earl 
of  Shannon  in  the  Irish  peerage  aita  in  the  House 
of  Lords  as  Lord  Carlcton  of  Carleton,  co.  York, 
a  barony  created  in  llS(p.  This,  however,  is  not 
the  same  place,  nor  spelt  in  the  same  way.  Be- 
sides, as  Lord  Shannon's  second  title,  by  which 
his  eldest  son  is  known,  is  Viscount  Buy lo— while, 
on  the  other  hand,  Lord  Wharnclitfe  will  not  sit 
in  the  House  of  Lords  as  Lord  Carlton — no  con- 
fusion can  arise,  The  special  remainder,  though 
UDUsual,  and,  of  course,  a  very  great  favour,  is  not 
without  precedent  in  the  case  of  a  peerage  con- 



[6^8.  V.  Fn.5«1 

ferred  on  »  person  already  a  peer,  as  in  the  case  of 
the  late  LoTd  Brougham,  the  first  Earl  of  Rossljn, 
Sic,  ;  and  in  this  case  it  is  only  the  extension  of 
the  btgber  titles  to  one  already  in  renminder  to  the 
barony.  The  title  of  Whamcliffe  appears  to  be 
taken  from  Wlmmcliife  Lodge,  in  the  parish  of 
Tankeraley,  the  only  mention  of  the  name  of 
Whamcliffe  in  Langdale's  Dictionary  of  Yorkshire, 
1809.  This,  for  an  earldom,  seems  a.  somewhAt 
humble  origin.  No  such  reproach,  however,  of 
over-hum ility  can  attach  to  the  next  person  en- 
nobled, riz- — 

4,  The  Earl  of  Erne,  a  representative  pew  of 
Ireland  t  created  **  Baron  Fermanagh  of  Lisna.skea, 
in  the  county  of  Fermanagh.'^  The  title  of  Fer- 
mmuigh  was  enjoyed,  as  a  viscounty  and  barony 
in  Uie  peerage  of  Ireland,  by  the  family  of  Vcraey 
of  BucKiagbamsbire,  from  17u3  to  18 in.  Why 
the  Earl  of  Erne,  who  li  known  both  in  and  oat 
of  the  House  of  Lords  as  svth  (sitting  there  as  a 
representiitive  peer  cu  Ejtrl  of  Erne),  should 
be  ashamed  of  the  title  he  derives  from  his  ances- 
tow  is  hard  to  teD.  His  second  title,  by  which 
his  son  and  heir  apparent  is  known,  in  Viscount 
Crichton ;  so  the  name  of  Lord  Fennanagh  will 
be  utterly  unknown^  excepting  so  far  only  as  his 
successors  nmy  be  known  in  the  House  (only)  under 
that  title.  He  should  not  anyhow  have  been  al- 
lowed to  select  a  cmmiy  as  the  title  for  his  barony. 
His  lordship  is  now  Baron  of  a  County  of  a  town  in 
that  county.  There  axe  not  too  many  counties,  for 
earls  prpJicnt  and  future,  to  admit  of  one  being 
"  pottMl "  in  this  manner,  and  condemned  to  per- 
petual obscnrity.  Probably  his  lordship's  view 
was  the  same  as  that  of  the  late  Marquess  of 
Hertford,  who,  towards  the  end  of  his  life,  when 
asked  (iifter  having  Htated  that  he  did  nut  now 
care  for  any  enjoyment)  why  he  had  just  purchased 
a  picture  of  immense  value,  replied  that,  though 
he  did  not  care  about  it  for  himself,  it  prevented 
"  another  fellow  "  from  having  it.  It  is  a  curiouH 
fiict  that,  when  Scotch  or  Irish  peers  receive  a 
peerage  of  tbc  United  Kingdom,  they  generally 
prefer  any  title  (often  one  unknown,  and  most  un- 
couth) to  their  own  ancient  one.  For  instance, 
instead  of  there  being  in  the  House  (as  such)  a 
Lord  Courtown,  Ahoyne,  GUagow,  Kinnaird, 
Enniskillen,  Limerick,  Conynghara,  Clanricjirdc, 
Cnvwford,  Head  fort,  ^leath,  Gosford^  Stair,  Fife, 
Seafield,  Dunmven,  Kolln,  *Southesk,  and  Caith- 
ness, tlie  peerages  selected  by  the  Scotch  and 
Irish  peers  ho  named  (as  if  on  purpose  to  puz/.le 
the  uninitiated,  and  to  lof^e  their  own  identity) 
are  Sjdtcraford,  Meldrum,  Eoss,  Rossie,  Grinsteiui, 
Foxford,  Minster,  Somerbill,  Wigan,  Kenlia,  Cha- 
worth,  Worlingham,  (Xxenfoord,  Skene,  Stratspey, 
Kenr>%  Dunning,  ;ind  (speak  softly!)  Balinhard 
and  Barrogfll 

6.  John  Ralph  Ormsby-Gore,  Esq.,  created 
*' Baron  Harkch  of  Harlech,  co.  Merioneth";  with 

a  special  remainder,  in  default  of  mule  lsd«,{ 
brother,    William    Kichard    Ormsby-Gorc, 
Harlech  has  never  yet  given  a  title  of 
and,   according  to   the  rarliamtr^tary 
has  been  "  long  since  reduced  to  a  small  viili 
indeed  it,  and  the  more  famous  "Men  of  Hdtdi' 
m  well,  were  so  much  ignored,  that  ihi 
and  most  of  the  papers,  announced  this 
as  "  Ban>n  Hurlock,"    The  title  is,  ho^ 
tach4^ ;   not  so,  however,   the   special 
which  is  most  objectionable,  and  appi 
almost  without    precedent    (unless  in 
peerage)  in  the  case  of  one  not  alr^yj 
any  of  the  three  kingdoms,  other  thtn 
cases  as  Nelson,  &c.,  to  whose  servioeij 
the  family  of  Ormsby-Gore  can  hardly' 
pared.     To  make  the  matter   more  st 
brother  is  not  even  the  heir  presumptive 
Harlech,  who  has  both  a  daughter  and 
who,  it  is  to  be  presumed,  wiU  inherit 
perty  as  he  is  able  to  leave  them« 

6.  Henry  Gerard  Sturt,  Esq,,  created 
Alington  of  Crichel,  co.  Dorset,"     His 
a  descendant,  through  the  family  of  Naj 
nets),  of  one  of  the  two  (in  their  issue) 
the  fatnilv  of  Alington,  Lords  Alinjjton  m 
Mi  12  to  ^722;  in  En^dand  16sj 
Gurz^ns,  Earls  Howe,  through  tht  i 
represent  the  other  co-heir. 

7*  John     Tolleraache,    Esq.,    created 
ToUemaclie  of  Helniingham  Hall,  co.  Suffo 
is  paternally  of  a  family  named  Ha 
grandfather,  John  Delap  H  alii  day,  Es*]., 
the  youngest  daughter  and  co-heir  of  Lioi 
mnche,  tbixd  Esirl  of  Dysart,  in  Scotlj 
Louisa  (sim  jura)  Countess  of  DjTsart^ 
tress  of  the  present  earl.      Their  son, 
licence,    dated   July  4,  1821,  took  the 
Tolleumche  in  lieu  of  that  of  Halliday, 
father  of  the  present  peer. 

8.  Sir   Robert    Tolver  Gerard,    Rirt., 
"  Baron  Gerard   of  Bryn,   in  the  co. 
Laocaster.-'     Why  this  gentleman,  whose 
tary  rank,  now  above  two  centuries  and  a 
giFcs  hini  at  present  such  infinite  precede 
the  last  three-named  persons,  has  been, 
after,  placed  beneath  them,  and  made  the 
of  the  whdle  batch,  is  hard  to  say.     The 
of  tlie  House  of  C"!ommons"  gives  M< 
and  Sturt  no  such   precedence ;  and 
Tollemache,  he  is  but  an  t/- member  of 
assembly — only,  in  fact,  a  dead  lion  (ev< 
the  M.P.  in  esse  to  be  a  lion),  and,  as 
compare  to  a  live  dog,  granting  that 
ranked  as  high  as  a  dog.     The  late  Lord 
reported  to  have  said  that  he  did  not  ll 
Gerard,  the  third  baronet  of  the  rea^im,  w< 
cept  of  a  nineteenth  century  barony, 
his  position    as   such   and   his    illusti 
gree  far  overshadow  the  houses    of  Gore,i 



' ;   Aad,  in    being   placed   beneath 
wt^  wm  for  his  futuii?  motto  Lluit 
Mf  imSj,  **  Vh'\  l«p«u8,  quid  feci  t " 
G.  E.  C, 


k  r*fnij7«  saya  (p.  195,  et  seq.)  that 
JatL  26,  ftimo  25  Edw.  I.,  six*  earls 
re  barons,  besides  the  judges,  but 
«U»bct«,  be  it  obwrved,  were  eonii- 
eoible  at  Salinbury  on  8ept.  21  fol- 
•  munmoDSj  aa  j^riuted  m  Parlia- 
,  I  cAn  count  but  seventy-four 
e^  however,  the  ".  .  .  ."  printed 
r  them  ima  been  conaidered  to  be 
>ther  now  obliterated)  ;  and  this  is 
lAlftiDed  (when  corrected)  in  the 
of  solli  of  aruiB,  copies  of  which,  in 
w&rd  Dering  (the  eminent  Kentish 
.  Charles  I.)  are  at  the  present  time 
on  of  Robert  Hovenden,  Esq.,  to 
^I  aiu  indebted  for  liberty  to  pub- 
r  purposes  of  dbtinction  I  have 
tJiem  "Nobility"  rolls. 
tbe  Historic  Pitra^c  snys,  further, 
IS  to  whether  the  writ  in  question 
1  a  regular  writ  of  summons  to 
I  been  created  in  hia  mind  by  a 
I  in  a  copy  of  Dugdale'a  Summonses 
a  which  tbe  late  Francis  Townseudj 
lUtfka  :— "  Vincpnt,t  No.  35,  p.  45, 
I  note  in  the  margin,  of  the  hund- 
fak,  of  John  Viiicent,t  says,  '  This 
lODS,  bccttuse  it  is  only  directed  to 
t,*"  It  would  be  superfluouB,  I 
pend  notea  tending  to  the  identifi- 
•r  indeed  any,  of  the  petnuns  in- 
e  the  Historie  Peerage  is  acceasiblle 
ers,  and,  read  by  the  light  of  the 
ffords,  a  pretty  clear  idea  can  be 
authentic  nature  of  tbe  record  now 
re,  for  the  first  time.  The  tricktngs 
•e  but  slightly  (or  hurriedly  ?)  exe- 
endcavoured,  however,  to  ciye  a 
t  of  what  is  to  be  gathered  from 
[obabHity  the  originals,  from  which 
referred  to  were  taken,  are  now  lost, 
bteoce  an  ancient  copy  on  vellum 
n,  IV.  1)  of  a  nobility  roll  of  unns, 
Edward  III,  (Eritiah  Muaeum  Ad- 
fo.  295<:i5),  which  I  hope  to  print 

Tomwall,  to  whom  the  writ  in  ftddr{:8»Gd, 
the  li«t  of  c&rii  in  tbnt  document*  but 
[ing  the  number  of  e&rls  in  it  aeven 


n$  in   th*  College  of  Arm*. 
to  have  b«eii  written  la  another 

Angustifit  Vincent,  Windsor 

as   an    appropriate  conclusion    to   these  rolls,  of 
ainiilar  cluimcter,  tem'p,  Edwards  I.  and  IL  : — 

Barons  ma&k  att  thk  Pauuam'  holdbh  att  Salis- 
bury 25  Euw»  J. 
1-  '*EJin.  PUntagenetj  Erie  of  Cornwiill."     Arg.  a 
lion  ramp.  ^n.  crowned  or,  tad  a  bordure  sti.  bezantee. 

2.  "  Rog'  Bigod,  Erie  of  Norf.  Ac  Marflhall  of  En^." 
Per  pale  or  and  Tert,  a  lion  ramp.  gu. 

3.  "  Will.  Ueauchamp,  Earle  of  Warw."  Quarterly, 
1  anil  4,  ffu.  a  feM  int^r  biz  cross  crossleta  or;  2  ami  3, 
chequj  ur  and  az,  a  chevron  erm. 

4.  "Rich,  fitz  Allen,  Erie  of  Aruudd/'  Gil  m  lion 
ramp.  or. 

&.  "Rob.  Vere,  Erie  of  Oiford."  Quarterly  pi.  and 
or^  tn  first  quarter  a  mullet  arg. 

6.  "  Gilb't  Vmfreuile,  Erie  of  Angwiah."  Ou.  a 
ctnquefoil  within  an  orle  of  oroas  crosflleia  or. 

7.  "  Aimer  da  Valence,  Erie  of  Ponbroke."  Barry  of 
ten  arg.  and  sz.  an  orlo  of  ten  martlete  gu. 

8.  '*  Rob.  de  Bruia  *  Baron  of  Brecknok."*  Barry  of 
■ix  vair  (potent  counter  potent)  ertn.  and  gu.  and  az. 

&.  *'  Jo.  Wake,  Bk.  of  Udell."  Or»  two  bira  and  in 
chief  three  roundlea  gu. 

10.  "  Rog' Mowbray,  Ban  of  Axholme."  Ou,  a  Hon 
ramp.  arg. 

11.  "  Brian  fitz  Allen,  Bar.  of  Bed&lL"  Barry  of  ten 
or  and  gu. 

12.  "  Raff  fitjs  Will'mi,  Bar.  of  grimthorp/'  Barry  of 
■IX  arg.  and  az.  tliree  chapleti  gn. 

VL  "  Gilb't  do  Gaunt,  Bai*.  of  Lindaey/'  Barry  of  lix 
or  and  ax  a  bond  gu. 

14.  "Tho.  furneuall,  Bar.  of  Sheffeld."  Arg.  a  bend 
inter  six  martlets  ku. 

15.  "  Raff  Neuill,  Bar.  of  Raby."    Gti.  a  aaltire  arg. 

16.  *' Jo.  Segrauo,  Bar.  of  Segraue."  Sa.  a  lion  ramp, 
arg.  crowned  gn.  (.''  but  should  be  or). 

17.  "Hob.  fitx  Roger,  Ba.  of  Clauering."  Quarterly 
or  and  gu.  a  bfistou  u. 

18.  "  Walt'  fauconbrtdge.  Bar.  of  — .."  Arg,  a  lion 
ramp.  az.  and  b&gton  gobony  or  and  gu. 

19.  *'Ingra'  do  Oynes.t  Baron."  Ou,  a  chief  vair 
(potent  counter  potent). 

20.  "  Jo.  do  Graistock,  Ba.  of  Morpith."  Gu.  three 
cushions  or. 

21.  *•  Rclgnold  Gray,  Bar.  of  Ruthin."  Barry  of  six 
arg.  and  az.  a  label  of  three  pendants  gu. 

22.  ^' Jo.  de  Giffordj,  Bar."  Gu.  tbree  [ions  paasant  in 
pale  arg. 

23.  "  Allen  Plackenet,  Bar.*'  Erm.  a  bendengraikd  gu. 
*24.  *"  Oltucr  Dmaat,  Bar."     Gu.  a  fesa  dancettOe  erm. 
25.  '*  GilesJ  Dcvwbneyj  Bar.'"    Ou.  four  lozenges  con- 
joined in  fcsJ!  arg. 

2t).  "  Edra.  Mortimer,  Bar.  of  Wigmor."'  Barry  of  aix 
or  and  az.  an  ioescutcbeon  arg.  and  on  a  chief  of  the 
fint,  three  pale«  inter  two  gyrona  of  the  second. 

27.  *' foulk  fit!  Warren,  Bar.  of  Whittingtun,"  Quar- 
terly per  fe»a  indented  arg.  and  gu. 

25.  "  Pet'  Corbett,  Bar.  of  Cuur."    Or,  a  raven  sa. 

29,  "  Geffrey  Cftnaile,5  Bar,'*  Az.  three  lioni  paaaant 
in  pale  arg. 

30.  "  Bog'  le  Strange,  Bar.  of  Ellesmere,'*  Gu.  two 
lioD«  panani  arg>  and  a  bordure  engrailed  or, 

•  "  Brui"  in  the  writ  (printed  ioParJiaT«*n<ori/  irn'tf, 
fol.  i.  p.  51).  Jenynt'a  Orc<»»ttry,  p.  73,  arms  ot  **  Regi- 
natd  de  Brevya,"— Barry  of  six,  three  ban  az.  and  the 
other  three  rair  gu.  and  crai.  {%,  e.  same  ai  aboTe). 

+  •'  Idgelram  de  Ghiraei  "  in  Hutoric  Peera^i. 

I  "  Eliot  de  Albiniaco"  in  the  writ,  from  which  correct 

I  /.  I.  Camvile. 




31,  "Bob.  Tat«diAll,  Bar.  of  Buckenhln."    Chwjuy 
•r  and  gn.  %  chief  erm. 

32.  •*Tho.  Barkley,  Bar.  of  Barkley."     Oa,  cniailly 

pftUa  ftod  a  chorron  arg. 

''slnti,  Bat*  of 
tigbt  gii.  and  or. 

83.  "  Hagh  Point!, 

CoTOeualect"    Barry  of 

34.  "  >ich.  Bograue,  Bar.  of  Stoder."  ^  a  lion  ramp, 
arg.  crowned  or,  and  »  label  of  three  pendants  gu. 

y5.  "  Andrew  Eatley,*  B."  Arg.  a  lion  ramp.  gu.  ;  in 
margin  "on  y*  ahouldera  (cmquefuil  tricked)  or." 

36.  •*  Hugh  le  Spencer,  B.*'  Quarterly  arg.  and  gu. 
in  the  second  and  third  a  fret  or,  and  over  all  a  baaton 

37.  "Jo.  LoTell,  Bar.  of  Tichmarch."  Barry  nebulae 
of  six  or  and  gu. 

38.  "Jo.  de  Engaine,  B,  of  Colum,"  Gu,  cruflilly  and 
a  fesg  danccttec  or. 

39.  •'  Kaffe  Pipard.  Ba,  of  limford."  Arg.  two  ban 
az.  and  on  a  canton  of  tbe  second  a  dnquefoilor. 

40.  "Kob.  fit!  Paine,  B,  of  Lannier.'  Gu.  two  lioni 
passant  arg.  and  a  bend  az. 

41.  "Jo.  de  Moelifl,  B.  of  Caudebcry."  Arg,  two  bari 
aad  in  chief  three  rouudle«  gu. 

42.  *•  Hugh  Mortimer,  B.  of  Cbilmanh."  Barry  of 
tix  or  and  ux.  an  tncfcutcheon  voided  (?jt  crm.  and  on  a 
chief  of  the  first  thrc«  pales  inter  two  gjrona  of  the 

43.  "Jo.  Beauchamp,  B.  of  Hach."  Yair  (ancient 

44.  '*  Jo-  fi*  John,  B,  of  Lageham.**  Arg.  on  a  chief 
gu.  two  aiulletfl,  pierced,  or. 

45.  "Hen,  do  V^rtiaco^i  Bar."     Vert,  a  pale  or, 

it}.  "  Will  Bruie,  B.  of  Gowor."  Ax,  cnisilly  fitehy 
and  a  lion  ramp,  or, 

47.  •'  Hugb  de  Placetig,  B."    Arg.  bIz  aanuleta  gu. 

48.  "  Rich.  Basset,  B.  of  Weldon.'*  Or,  three  palea 
gu,  and  a  b ordure  oz. 

49.  "  Kftuf  Pcrnjt,  B."  Quarterly  per  pale  and  feei 
bath  indented  or  and  az. 

60.  "  Jo.  Gray,  Ear.  of  Codnor."  Barry  of  fijc  arg,  and 

fil,  '*  Tho,  MouUon,  Bar.  of  Egremond;'  Arg.  three 
burs  gu. 

52.  •*  Pluhp  de  Darcy,  Ba."    Arg.  three  cinquefoili 


53.  "  Will.  Mortimer,  B.  of  Attelburgb."  Or,  Bcm£e 
of  fleurg-deliB  (some  cut  by  shield)  sa. 

64.  "  Tho,  do  Chft worth,  B.  of  Norton."  Barry  of  ten 
arg.  and  gti,  an  orle  of  ten  martlets  sa. 

55.  "  Raff  de  frecliuilc,  B.  of  Staly."  Ax.  a  bend  inter 
tax  efloallop9  arg. 

B6.  "  Rich,  de  Draicott,  B,"  Paly  of  sii  arg.  and  gu. 
a  bend  erm. 

67.  "  Tho.  de  Wahull.  B."    Or,  three  creftccnti  gu. 

68.  "i>«bert  de  Oifford,  B."  .,.,  three  liona  paaaant 
in  pale  .,.,  and  a  label  of  three  pendanta  ... 

59.  "^  GylcB  de  Plttb,  Bar."  Per  pale  or  and  gu.  a  tion 
pa  Man  t  arg. 

60.  **  Geffrey  de  Lucy,  B  of  Cokermoutb."  Gu.  three 
kcies  hauriant  arg.  two  and  one. 

61.  "Will,  dc  Creaay,  B."  Arg,  a  liom  ramp,  tail 
forked  sa. 

62.  "  Mc.  dc  Menin,  B.  of  W&rletoa."  Az.  two  ban 
gemellej!  aod  a  chief  or. 

63.  "Jo.  de  Lunca^tcrj  B,  of  Griiedftle/*  Arg.  two 
bara  gu.  and  on  a  canton  of  the  lecond  a  cinquefoil  or. 

($4.  "  Math,  fits  [John.* 

*  Printed "Eleja" (in error?) in Par/mirt<»7Uary  Writs. 
f  The  upper  portion  of  the  orle  wanting,  aa  though 
corered  by  the  chief, 
X  The  reatoration  of  iiaue  of  Matthew  Pitz-John  ia 

65.  John  fits]  Renold,  B.  of  Blenleoj^"* 
Uons  ramp.  or. 

66.  '*  Wiir  de  Neirford,  B."    Ga. 

67.  "Will,    de   ferrera,    B,   of 
maaotea  conjoined  3,  3,  and  1,  or. 

6^,  "Hen.  de  Pinokney,  B.  of  Wcdon.**^ 
conjoined  in  fen  gu. 

69.  "  Jo.  de  MArtnion,  Bar."     Vi 

70.  "Theobadd  de  Veidon,  Bar.  of 

71.  "Jo,  de  Wigton,*  B."    Sa. 
a  bordure  engrailed  or. 

72.  "Rog'  de  Ilontingfeld,  B.  of 
on  a  feaa  gu.  three  nmnJiefl  tir^. 

73.  '^Rob.  fitz  Walter,  B.  of  Woot 
inter  two  chevrfina  gu. 

74.  "  Regnold  dc  Argentine,  Bar.* 
and  three  cohered  cupa  arg. 

75.  ■■  Bob,  da  Hilton,  B,  of  HUton.'*   Arg.\ 

76.  "Jordan  folliot,  B."     Gu.  abend  arg. j 

77.  "Will,  de  Bottelor,  B,  of  Warringttsj 
bend  inter  aix  covered  cups  or.  J 

78-  "  Nich.  de  Criell,  B."    Gu.  a  chief  arJ 

79.  "Nich.  de  Audley.  B.  of  Hchgh."     G4 

80.  "  Jo.  ab  Adam,  it.  of  Beuerbton.'* 
,  .  five  niulleta  ... 

81.  "Jo,  Tregola,  B.    of  Garingeai'* 
gemellea  and  in  chief  a  lion  paaaaut  or^ 

K"'  OlLlep  as 

ASfltlfTAltTS    TO    Y*  «4 
BEINU   NO   BiuEOffS, 

a2.  *'  S'  Rog'  de  Brubazon."    Gu.  on  a 
martleta  aa. 

83.  "  8^  Will,  de  Bereford.*'  Arg.  criuiUl 
three  fiennMde-lia  sa. 

84.  "  S'  Peter  Malorey."  Or,  a  lion  romp, 

86.  "S'  John  do  Licheger.l    Arg.  on 
cherronfl  sa,  five  round  lea  or. 

86,  "S"^  Jo,  de  Cobh*ra,"    Gu.  on  a  oh< 
lions  ramp.  ea. 

87.  "  S'  Adam  d©  Crokedayke,"  Erm.  three  1 

85.  "S"^  Henr.  de  Enefeld."  ...,  an  oeciI 
within  an  orle  of  mnrtleta  ... 

m,  "  H'  John  de  Boeco."  Sa*  craaUly  andj 
pards*  faces  or.  i 

90.  "8;  Hogerfl  de  KnoviJl."  Arg.  thraem^ 
points,  pi  arced,  gu. 

made  from  the  writ,  in  which  it  immediatel 
that  of  John  Fitz-Beginald.  Sir  Edward  | 
onljp  the  name  and  arms  of  MaiOwtt  Fitx-Regl| 
is  cl«arly  an  error  of  transcription,  and  no  dot 
hid  having  mixed  up  the  two  entriea.  Owin^ 
currencG  we  are  minus  the  arma  gi?en  to  M*l4 
John  in  the  original  Roll. 

*  '*  Whityngton"  in  writ,  but "  Johan  de  W 
Baron,  in  "  Parliamentary*'  Roll ;  aame  armi* 

+  "  de  Da^entre  "  in  writ,  | 

1  Read  '*  Goring"  (co.  Sumox). 

§  "Lythogr*'  (i.  e.  Lythegraynea)  in  writ,  4 
it  i«  evident  th^t  either  Sir  Edward,  or  the  ori| 
piler  of  the  Eotl.  took  the  old  f  for  c.  The  ^ 
seem,  however,  to  be  those  of  TErcedekne 
doacon  ;  Jeoyng'a  Ordinary,  p,  76.  givee  »o 
I'Erchcdiacro "  (Erchediacne,  blundered) 
armi,  t.  &  arg.  three  chevrona  aa.  betant^  i 
to  the  aame  authority  (p.  86)  the  nruu  of  *'  3t 
graynea  "  were,  rather,  Gu,  mn  orle  arg.  mi4 
all)  a  bend  or. 

J  "  Bogo  "  in  the  writ,  from  which  co 




VViirm  Isfe'    XJt,  a  ohctrron  vert, 
*$'  John  da  iMnfa.**    Or,  a  f«9«  inter  two  cher- 

Ca.  &  b«nd  inter  aix  cron 

OuL  two  b&n  gem«llei 



Ow«L  (5»«»   S.  iv.  284,  446.)-SuMly 

m  is  right.     Miss  Sileac«  was  a 

'tt€,  and  the  old  justice  did  sot 

ber  llatl^rtNi  too  much.    Mr,  Guy's 

iliuit  "tlw?  bLickbird  h  known  to  be  a  soli- 

,*  I  msttt  rental  re  to  question.     There  arc 

of   theui,  male  and  feaude,  on  my 

i^I  utiiie.  Uy^ng  away  at  the  worms  where 

ht»  thawed  a  little.     You  scarceiy  ever 

iwnj-billed  cock  without  hisbeiuiti- 

hma  following  him.    They  are  most  taroc 

blfds  when  their  acquaintance  is  ctil- 

--  ^'  naitke  nests  in  the  !«ame  place 

r.      One  pair   broufjht  up  two 

x^  ,u  Lhe  fork  of  a  laurel  last  summer, 

there  were  two  other  pain*  in  other 

gikrdeo  ;  at  any  rate,  whoever  had  seen 

merles  all  a-flutter  on  the  gr»«9,  while 

itled  them  to  he  fed,  would  never 

lilackbird  solitary.    The  word  wi«~w?a  is 

A  diniLnutivc  of  mt^ra;  bat  Varro  gives 

'by  it  the  blackbird  was  diBtin^ished 

flible  rival  the  jackdaw — "  Sola  volitat, 

^jT^cTttim."    Some  binh  fly  in  flocks, 

lirs  ;  bat  there  ig  nothing  about  the 

tn  give  him  the  special  attribute  of 

It  would  apply  just  aa  well  to  the 

t*T  the  robin. 

W.  K-*«  explHoation  is  simple  nnd  clenr. 

1  hare  never  supposed  that  Silence  meant 

el»e.    Of  course  the  black  howlet  is  a 

Mortimer  Collins. 

Hill.  Berki. 

»re  white,  and  oozels  b1ackeb:rds  bef.'* 
The  Afotioiuifi  Sh'j>h«ard,  U)9i. 
tbe  c<f  ntnil  and  northern  dixt rifts  of  York- 
z*  or  "uz/lc/'  nnd  **  black  oozle,"  or 
*/*  are  common  names  for  tlie  black- 

kit  black  oozle,  or  black  nzzle,  is  aho,  or  waB^ 
e  thirty  yean  ago,  often  heard,  at  lea.Ht  about 
k,  a«  a  vnlgnr  epithet  for  a  dark-visaged 
IB^  partirtilarly  a  female,  precisely  in  the 
Mr  in  whi<  h  it  is  used  by  SnAkspeare  in  the 
■^  in  r^neation  :  thus  we  hear  of  '*A  black 
"      She'*    a    bkck    uzzle/  "Thou    black 


iQ  fmt.  *•  Parliamfntarjr "  Roll ;  arms  of 
n»ixward  '*  (Howard)  of  co.  Norfolk,  Go.  oni- 
a  b«&d  tag.  (i.  e,  same  as  aboro  J). 

The  allusion  in  Shakspeare  is  nafc  Uk  the  habits 
or  character  of  the  blackbird  us  solitary,  Buspicious, 
and  shy,  as  iwme  of  your  correspondents  have  eitp- 
posed,  but  simply  to  its  colour,  Shallow^s  de- 
scription of  Ellen  as  "  Your  fairest  daughter  and 
mine  "  is  taken  up  by  Silence  ironically  :  "  Alaa,  a 
black  ouzel,  Master  Shallow."  H.  W.  O. 

'*  BtJSTLEas,*  Tempetty  Hi  I  (5**>  S,  iv.  181, 365.) 
=-Mr.  J.  Beale  writes  on  this  word  as  if  it  were 
in  the  text  of  Shakspe-are,  which  it  is  not.  It 
will  be  time  enough  to  consider  his  suggestion  that 
"Ferdinand's  'busy-leas'  matches  Mir^mda'a 
*  skilldesa,'  **  when  we  know  that  such  a  word  as 
"  busy-le-ss  "  ever  existed.  For  myself,  I  do  not 
believe  in  its  possibOity.  "  Skilldess  "  is  naturally 
formed  from  a  substantive ;  so  is  "  kinille^s," 
'*  matchlcHs,"  &c.  When  and  where  did  privatlves 
(in  hssi)  formed  from  adjectives  appear  in  English 
literature  ?  All  we  know  about  this  monster, 
**  buBv-iess,'^  is  that  Theobald  was  its  progenitor^ 
and  that  it  fi^rst  appeared  in  Theobald's  duodecimo 
edition  of  Shakspeare. 

Somewhere  in  "  N.  &  Q."  (if  I  remember  right) 
Eden  Warwick  defends  **  busy-less,"  on  the 
OTOund  that  *'  busy  "  is  there  a  verb.  But  that 
doe?  not  mend  the  matter  a  jot.  Such  privatives 
were,  indeed,  made  from  verhi  iraitsUiw^  which 
"busy"  is  not. 

I  really  think  we  ought,  by  this  time,  to  have 
heard  the  List  of  Theobald's  illegitimate  issue, 
which  is  "  neither  flesh,  nor  fowl,  nor  good  red- 
herring."  Jabez. 

Athenaeum  Club. 

Earthworks  in  Eppino  Forebt,— In"N,&Q.," 
4*^  S.  X.  295,  under  the  above  title,  you  pub- 
lished a  communication  of  mine,  intimating  that  I 
had  met  with  truces  of  ancient  earthworks  in  the 
neighhourhoiid  of  Louahlon,  and  requestinginforma- 
tion.  The  replies  (p.  :i95)  confounded  my  discovery 
with  Ambr^fihury  Banks,  a  mile  and  a  half  further 
north.  Will  you  now  allow  me  to  chronicle  the 
fact  that  I  have  recently  repeatedly  investigated 
these  relics  of  antiquity,  and  that  Mr.  W.  D'Oyley 
of  Tjoughton  has,  in  the  exercise  of  a  most  pnilse- 
worthy  zeal,  surveyed  the  place,  and  made  a  phm 
of  it  to  scale  1  Essex  archwolo gists  will  be  glad 
to  hear  of  this  addition  to  their  list  of  ancient  re- 
mains, and  will,  1  hope,  give  to  it  the  attention 
which  it  deserves.  The  Trinobantcs,  if  thej^  con- 
structed it>  were  born  engineers,  m  the  site  is  ad- 
mirable. The  camp  occupies  a  sort  of  promontory, 
overlooking  a  deep  valley,  running  from  the  foot 
of  High  Beech  to  near  Loughton.  From  Loughton 
it  is  easily  accessible  to  pedestrians,  but  it  is 
nearer  to  the  Epping  rond,  east  of  a  point  half  a 
mile  beyond  the  Robin  Hood.  The  camp  con«isted 
of  a  ditch  and  embankment,  enclosing  a  space 
which  is  nearly  circular,  but  modiiled  by  the  con- 




tour  of  the  suTface.  The  outer  circurufereDce  is 
aljout  750  yards.  The  whole  is  now  over^wn 
with  forest,  but  at  this  aeason  is  easily  pepamhu- 
hited.  The  ground  outsitle  the  northern  division 
haa  been  a  good  ileiil  dug  into  pita,  and  the  outer 
slope  OQ  the  south  shows  traces  of  aDcieDt  work. 
Mr,  D'Oyley  tells  me  that,  at  some  distance  to  the 
eoat,  there  are  sundry  mounds  ;  but  my  own  re- 
aenrches  in  that  quarter  hare  not  been  quite  so 
sucoeMfal.  Allow  me  to  tidd  thsit  the  gentleman 
I  hare  named  ha«  executed  for  the  Corporation  of 
London  a  map  of  the  forest,  in  which,  for  the  first 
time,  the  aite  of  this  camp  is  indicated.  The 
ground  foroifl  p:irt  of  the  manor  of  Loughton,  and 
13  included  in  the  enclosure  made  by  the  lord  of 
that  manor.  Happily  there  is  rea^ton  to  belt  eve 
that  it  is  no\F  .safe,  and  will  escape  the  fate  which 
threatened  it.  From  a  map  in  my  possession  I 
gather  that  a  Ronum  road,  running  north  from 
Stratford,  passed  very  near  the  camp. 

B.  H.  CowrER. 

Mrs.  DixoLiY. — ^In  moat  lives  of  Swift,  and  in 
most  accounts  of  Esther  Johai3on,  or  Stella,  it  is 
usual  to  speak  of  her  ffreat  friend  Rebecca  Dingley 
as  a  distant  rehuion  of  the  Temple  family.  I  am 
not  rtwarcj  however,  that  any  one  has  taken  the 
trouble  to  try  aod  find  out  what  that  relationship 
was.  In  the  hope  of  settling  this  point,  I  desire 
to  make  the  following  suggestions*  Sir  John 
Temple,  the  father  of  Sir  William,  married  Mnrj-, 
daughter  of  Dr.  Hammond  of  Chertsey,  and, 
therefore,  sister  of  the  celebrated  Henry  Hammond, 
D.D.  Accord  in  J?  to  A.  A  Wood,  Atk.  O.r.^  another 
daughter  of  this  Dr.  John  Hammond  of  Chertaey 
married  Sir  John  Binfjley,  Knii,'ht,  of  London. 
From  this  it  would  appear  that  Sir  John  iJingley 
was  the  uncle  of  Sir  William  Temple. 

In  some  deeds  relating  to  the  Ormonde  family, 
in  my  jwHsession,  there  are  records  of  a  mortgage 
of  lands  in  Ireland,  from  the  Duke  (then  Earl)  to  Sir 
John  Temple,  in  lH:i9.  The  money  thus  advanced 
h  statedj  in  1G55,  to  belong  to  John  Dinj^Iey,  Esq., 
of  Wolverton,  in  the  Isle  of  Wight,  and  his  son, 
John  Diagley  ;  and  in  1677  to  be  the  property  of 
8ir  John  Dingley  and  his  aon,  John  Dingley,  Esq., 
then  of  Kin^i  Streer,  Westminster.  Other  deeds 
show  that  tlii.H  John  Dingley,  Esq.,  had  a  son 
described  as  John  Dingley,  Gent.,  to  whom  the 
mortgage  money  was  remid  prior  to  168(1  Here, 
then,  there  are  three  John  Dingleys,  the  knight, 
the  esquire,  and  the  gent.  ;  and  the  t[Ucstion  is, 
which  of  these  wivs  the  father  of  Rebecca  Dingley? 
Sir  John  Dingley  imd  a  second  son,  Robert 
Dingley,  Rector  of  Brightestone,  aHa*  Brixton,  in 
the  Isle  of  Wight,  the  Jiving  of  which  he  obtained 
through  the  interest  of  his  kinsman,  Colonel  Robert 
Hammond,  governor  of  the  island.  He  died  in 
1  (J 59,  and  is  buried  in  the  church  at  Brixton,  hut 
Wood  does  not  luention  that  he  had  any  children. 

Sir  John  Ding  ley's  two  sons  apjjear  to 
born  about  1615-20,  whilst    Rebecca 
said  to  have  been  born  about    IGG^. 
might  have  been  either  a  daughter  of  hill 
Dingley,  Esq.,  or  of  his  grandson  Joha 
Gent.  Edwabd^ 

Sutton,  Surrey. 

TnE  WouLFKS  OF  LiMKRicK. — In  Fe 
toiy   of  Limfrich   may  be   i^een   the 
October  27,  1651,  entered  into  "bet 
Ireton,  the  Deputy  General,"  and  *'  C< 
on  behalf  of  the  mayor  and  inhabitant*,"*' 
the  city  capitulated  to  the  Parliament 
monwealth  of  En<rland.     I.   The  first  si 
vided  for  delivering   up  the  city,  cast 
places  of  strength,  leaving  hostages  for 

"  11.  In  consideration  of  wliicli  idl  perK>nii 
citj  ahall  havu  tbeir  lives  and  propertiei,  ex( 
lowing,  who  oppoMd  *ad  rcstruiaed  the 
from  accepting  th«  tcnns  io  often  offered  to  I 

Auiongst    those  excepted  appear  the 
names  :^-"  Captain  George   Woulfe  and 
Woulfe^  a  friar."    It  further  appears  thai 
afterwarda  suffered  by  the  hands  of  the  ei« 
We  are  also  informed  by  the  author,  *' 1.1 
Citizen  of  Limerick,"  that — 

"  Captftin  George  Woulfe,  of  the  city  of '. 

Sroscriberd  by  General  Ireton  for  bis  attacl 
Loyal  onise.     He  fled  to  the  North  of  Enf 
he  settled,  nnd  hia  (^randAon,  (ieiier&l  Edwtf4^ 
WM  appointed  Colonel  of  th«  8tU  Kegimentiifj 
the  year  17-1 5.     He  tr»ttftintt<»d  bis  HT,iitrtM 
tionul   lustre  to  bin  son,  Major- (ioneral  J*iiuij 
whose  memory  wlil  be  ever  dear  to  his 
whose  name  will  be  immortalized  in  history. '*J 

As  there  is  not  in  our  military  history, at] 
the  last  century,  a  name  so  deservedly 
as  that  of  General  James  Woulfe,  to  wl 
and  enteii'priae  the  British  Empire  is  iad* 
the  conquest  and  annexation  of  the  Proni 
the  Dominion)  of  Canada,  perhaps  some 
numerous  correspondents  may  furnish  raoftj 
details  of  his  ancestry. 

During  the  present  century'^  Stephen 
a  Konian  Catholic  barrister,  with  whom  ibi 
was  intimately  acquainted,  was  rai.«ed 
rank  of  Lord  Chief  Baron  of  the  Irish] 
of  Exchequer,  Endowed  with  splendid 
and  possessing  great  eloquence,  il  he  had 
would  have  proved  tin  eminent  ornament 
judicial  Bench  ;  but  he  was  in  delicate  health, 
did  not  long  survive  his  elevation.  The  € 
Baron,  who  wm  said  to  have  descended  from 
same  family,  left  sisters  and  i^ue.  B.  V 

Celtic  and  Sanscrit,— Mr.  Walter  Si 
and  some  other  correspondents  have  done  rt 
good  service  to  literature  and  eommoii 



X,  &  Q/*  and  the  Athenamm 

to  trace  many  Englinh  wordjj 

When  once  Vallanoey 

ilo]oj^rs  Tied  with  each 

into  syllables  all   sorts  of 

itiary  interchanges  of  vowels 

forced    so-called     etyniolo|xiei<. 

nU  imnning  reached   the 

in  Bethaui's  Efraria  C^^ltica^ 

infttetl  in  the  Lo$t  Bmutief  of 

and  the  ingenious  interpre- 

*  and  **  Gratiiercy.-'    Now, 

of   pseudo- philological 

to  cry  out^  **  Quoiisque 

t  the  frecjuent   refereoces  of 

to  Sanscrit  be  open  to  siraiLar 

id  may  not  all  the  theories  of 

tracing   our    descent  from 

oocestry,  be  c<iually  ba-^eless  f 

S,  T.  P. 


KUTBipondenti  dcfliring  information 
omlj  private  interest,  to  &£5x  their 
to  their  queries.  In  order,  Uiat  the 
^  to  fehemdire«ij 

P^BROlTFrELD    AKH    YaLE.— 

lo  put  a  query  relative  to  a 
IToles  of  BOme  historical  interest, 
ip  of  Brom6eld  and  Yule,  inen- 
Ighan's  Sistory  of  the  Irish 

A  minnt^  detail  of  the  almost 
connected  with  the  confiscation 
Mtfttes  in  Irehnd  in  fnvoiir  of 
^  tkflerwiLrda  created  Baron  of 
lOunt  Woml stock,  and  Earl  of 
extent  of  135,82(t  acres,  subsc- 
by  Parliament,  he  mentions  this 
field  and  Yale  as  havin)^  been 
Bentinck,  though  in  the  actual 
i  Grosvenor  family;  or  rather 
ituT  more  vahiablo  part,  whidi 
s  obliged  to  withdraw,  NV>w  it 
rn  from  Pennftnt,  that  the  lord* 
ranted  in  1281  to  John,  Ejirl 
icd  to  his  descendants  till  thp 
II,,  by  whom  it  was  granted  to 
nley,  after  whose  ex  ecu  ti  on  it 
»Dry  VIIL  bestowed  it  on  Henry 
Kirhtnond,  his  natural  son,  in 
\l<y'.slng  reign  it  came  into  poa- 
i  Seymour,  brother  to  the  Prfj- 
whose  execution  "again  flung 
e  possession  of  the  Crown."  In 
•etb  Pennant  supposes  it  to  have 
I  of  the  great  Earl  of  Leicester ; 
^13  again  in  the  hands  of  the 
PS,  however,  by  an  ancient  deed 

in  the  posses^rion  of  qneri«t,  bearing  date  1627, 
that  certain  lands  coniprised  therein  were  con- 
veyed to  Hugh  Jones,  of  Eyton,  in  the  county  of 
Denbigh,  by  Sir  Jwhn  Wrdter  and  Sir  Thomas 
Trevor,  Barons  of  the  Kxcheqner,  and  Sir  James 
Fullerton,  Gentleman  of  the  Bedchamber  to 
James  I.,  as  joint  patentees,  deriving  under  his 
moat  Sacred  Majesty  ;  and  the  question  arises  how 
it  became  alienated  from  them  or  their  heiis  be- 
tween 1627  and  1643,  at  which  time  it  was  again 
vested  in  the  Crown, 

Also,  is  there  any  record  of  the  grant  made  to 
the  aforesaid  parties— vi/..,  Sir  John  Walter,  Sir 
Thnnuvs  Trevor,  and  8ir  Jtimea  FuUerton — as 
rfc{tt*d  in  the  deed  of  Kyil  I     Hr<io  N.  Jones, 

BallrcaawAj  Bouse,  Kilkenny  County. 

Garnktt  Family*— Can  any  of  your  correspon- 
dents give  me  information  concerning  this  family  ? 
The  Rev.  William  Gamett  was  bom  about  the 
year  176<>,  near  Rtchmourl,  in  Yorkshire,  though 
I  have  not  found  the  certiticate  of  his  birth.  He 
bore  amis,  Az.,  three  griffins'  bends,  erased,  or, 
f|uartering  Grey.  In  the  Harleian  MSS.  there  is 
a  short  pedigree  of  four  descents,  beginning  with 
James  Gamett  of  Blasterfield,  in  AVestmoreland, 
who  had  a  son  Lorance  Garnett  of  Egglescliffe, 
whose  son  Anthony  Garnett  of  EgglesclifVe  had  a 
son  John  Garnett,  a  captain  of  horse  in  the  Koyal 
array,  temp.  Charles  I.  Now  Egglesclitfe  is  close 
to  Richmond,  and  the  Rev,  William  Gamett  being 
born  there,  and  bearing  the  same  arms  ns  these 
Garnetts,  shows,  I  think,  thnt  he  must  have  eonie 
of  the  same  fiiraily.  I  think  the  ^>edigrce  is  to  be 
traced  to  a  very  remote  period,  for  Burke's  Ar- 
mory spells  the  name  in  four  ditierent  ways, 
giving  the  same  arms  to  each  :  Givrnett,  Garnet^ 
Garnatt,  Gumut^  az.,  three  griflins'  heads,  eraaed, 
or.     This  is  proof  of  antiquity. 

Geoffery  (ramett,  of  Garnetts  and  Merks,  in 
Essex,  was  living  in  the  year  1166,  and  Garnetts 
and  Merks  remained  in  his  family  till  about  1350, 
\Vliat  .nmis  he  bore  I  do  not  know  ;  but  I  wish  to 
connect  hira,  if  possible,  with  the  Egglescliffe 
Garnets,,  and  the  Egglesclilfe  Garnetts  with  the 
Rev.  William  Garnett.  I  read  in  some  county 
history  that  the  chancel  of  Pentlow  Church,  Essex, 
was  called  GiirnetLs  chancel  because  it  contaiiied 
luonumcnts  of  that  family.       W.  G,  TAtTSTOlt. 

The  Rkv.  William  BLAXToif,  of  Emanuel 
College,  Cambridge,  in  1B17,  came  to  New  Eng- 
hmd  about  l*J23,and  fixed  his  habitation  inShaw- 
mut,  now  Boston,  being  the  first  European  dweller 
on  the  site  of  the  future  metropolis  of  New  Eng- 
land. In  Ifi35  he  removed  further  into  the 
wilderness,  tiiking  up  his  abode  within  the  present 
limits  of  Rhode  Island,  and  lhcrc)>y  becjirae  the 
first  European  inhabitant  of  that  State,  He  waa  a 
minister  of  the  Church  of  England,  but  did  not 

WIBWfnJ^of^m  tLc  derivation  of  the  lAt. 
rgona  from  tlie  Gr.  prosdpon : — 
*'  It  it  ftcknowledged  that  there  are  Mirorat  otiier 
^tin  words  which  have  suffcrod  the  Bftuie  fnte  :  and  Lhd 
|tcfe  (Sache)  of  this  transition  of  letters  [t.  t,  p  to  »] 
■HiifouUftr  that  it  ought  at  somo  time  to  be  speciAlly 
Nitipintcil.  A9  for  penona^  bjthii  pronunciation  they 
liJci  •  1   tJtB  duiiMc  ;»  of  M  ptrsopa  ;  and  the 

Ml-  cn.^ily  ei]ilaitietl  if  the  word  in  tho  first 

lici:  .      -    o  an  artistic  object  (Saohc),  i.  ^.  a  ma^ki 

me  iTith  tUi«  object  iteelf  to  the  Komaus  from  the 
rtekii,  |>orhi«i<B  through  the  EtruscatiA.** 

As  the  professor's  nrgiiinent  depends  reiy  mucTi 
I  the  mode  of  thought  of  which  thia  deriTation  is 
ftred  lis  a  proof,  I  am  tempted  to  ask  irhether 
le  matter  lias  been  "  Bpecklly  investij^rjtted,"  and, 
80|  with  what  result.  John  Fkston',  Jud. 
Elm  Tree  Hou^e,  Ilampitead  Green,  N.W. 

S.  Johnson,  M.A.,  1786.— I  ehiU!  he  tdih^Ii 
pliged  for  nny  infonnution  regarding  the  autiior 
'  the  following  poem  : — 

A  Toctical  Epistle  to  Thomaa  Ince^  Esq^  of  Cris- 
jton*  near  Chester,  By  S.  JohtiBon,  A.M.  Shrt'ws- 
Tj :  Printed  and  Sola  by  P.  Sandford,  Bookecller. 
>ocixXivi/'    4t«.     Preface,  it  fip. ;  Epistle,  20  pp. 

In  the  Preface  the  author  writes  as  follows  : — 

Tlie  unfortunate  loes  of  a  very  yalua!»Io  friond,  nt  a 
ry  critical  juncture,  having  of  necessity  aliut  up  hi* 
ly  avenue  to  prtferment  in  tbo  Church,  Ujs  devotion 
hia  icAool  will,  if  possible ,^  be  mure  earnest  and  unifona 
ever.  He  i«  happy  in  doclaring  that  his  employment, 
wever  irksomo  it  inti^  appear  to  many,  is  hy  long  habit 
•  from  being  bo  to  limiscif/*  kc. 

At  the  end  of  tho  Preface  is  an  advertisement 
the  following  effect  : — 

'Mr.  Johnson  t&koa  this  opportnoity  of  giving  public 
brmfttion  that  he  shall  again  offer  his  boys  to  a  strict 
u&inat&oo  at  tUe  dose  «f  the  year,^'  kc. 

and  Suffolk,  as  th 
lagea  which  ^iill 

William  attk 
in  the  fourteenth 
it  tho  imme  of  a 
name  for  some  nat 

J.  S.  Mill,-! 

Mill  prepared  for 
plea  agaiDst  their 
to  bo  the  best  tvU 
for  a  generation) 
cesuible  foi'Jti  ? 

Lady  Fenhoul' 
Ardell,  of  this  lad 
uolds.    Who  was 

The  Giant  Moc 
"Tlie  Gianfa  app 
Ram  may  well  ho 
ami»  si  tu  voulois  (vc 
menccmeut,  tu  me 
Di^ivr,  chap.  iL  p.  1, 
Whf  re  is  the  sto 
he  found  ? 


the  yeara  1770  ai 
Hudwon,  obtained  ' 
for  the  Eticoumge 
picture  of  the  *' 
Where  is  that  picta 

*' Spider  "Tabi 



as  ha  Ting  carried  on  busi- 

dairebyard  at  the  sign  of  the 

Any  other  references  or  infor- 

Jita  publicaliona  will  be  very 

Datid  Boous. 

-^^ . — Can  any  of  your  reoden 

is  ihe  origin  of  this  custom  T 

*T.— "^VTience  came  the  Sairage 

West  of  England  1     The  nunie   is 

Is  the  name  found  in  the  list 

ge<*«  I    Where  umy  such  a  list 

H.  Bower. 

*TS,^ln  the  latter  half  uf  the 
Evelyn  mftmed  a  >(r.,  or  Cap- 

uoBt  the  wiahea  of  her  rektiona, 
killed  at  Quebec.     Is  anything 

To  what  branch  of  the  Evelyns 
t  F.  D,  K. 

*^  ,y. — When  the  tumulna 

was  opened,  wa«  a  frag- 

le  01  [Df  ruj-ved  stonei*  of  the  passage 

m  oif,  and  was  this  iiugment  carved 

I  C.  E.  P. 

mOKED  GriLDETR  PRHfT,"— I  pOSgess, 

in  good  condition,  a  print  with  the 
icription  on  the  back  : — 

is  called  ^The  Hundred  Guilder  Print/ 
nrcamitance  of  all  the  impreBsions  pub* 
ajn  Farrj.  of  nrhich  this  la  esteecaed  one 
▼ioft;  heeja  lold  for  no  leaa  than  that  sum 
ual  to  SZ.  lift.  English  money.— 3rJ  ^Juyem* 

a  p." 

:  haa  been  from  that  date  in  the 
tlie  same  family.  I  shall  be  glad  to 
Doount  of  the  history  of  this  rurity, 
ft  of  iU  value.  M.  E.  F. 


gi?e  roe  a  complete  list  of  these  1 
M,  D.  D, 

Lamb  once  jocosely  said  that  he  could 
\  three  bald  women  of  hia  day.  Who 
I  caD  remember  only  Mrs.  Incbbaid 
rbanld.  Corio. 

*  OOOSEBERRT-FOOL." — Florio,  in  his 
OfTdrn,  1598,  has  '*  Mantiglia^a.  kiodeof 
i&called  a  foaU  or  a  trifle  in  English." 
Kiiimiah  an  earlier  instance  of  foot 
■knse?     '  P.  J.  F. 

— I  shonld  be  glad  if  I  could  obtain 
ion  respecting  the  following  arms  : — 
ietly  of  six — 1st,  Argent,  a  chevron 

A  crott  croBalets  htchee,  also  argent  ; 

i2ttd,  Or,  a  lion  rampant  or ;  3rd,  Arg.,  a  chevron 
between  three  lozenges  argent ;  4th,  Arg,,  a  lion 
ramp.ant  or  ;  5th  as  3rd  ;  6th  as  lat.  Crests^lst, 
A  demi-lion  rampant  or^  grasping  a  cross  crosalet 
tltchde  arg.  in  its  dexter  paw  ;  2nd»  A  demi-lion 
rampant  or,  grasping  an  annulet  arg.  in  \U  dexter 
paw.    Motto—"  Pax  qmeritur  hello." 

E.  F.  M.  Walkeb. 

The  Derivation  of  STiLToir,  Glattojt,  ahd 
CoNNiNOTON.— In  an  account  of  an  entertainment 
of  readings  with  music,  given  at  StOton,  Hunting- 
donshire, and  reported  in  the  PcUrhorough  Advtr- 
User,  January  15,  is  the  following  jjussoige  :— 

"  The  Her.  G.  Gibbon,  Rector  of  Lutton,  explained  to 
th«  audience  what  he  beliercd  to  be  the  origin  of  the 
Domefl  StiltoD,  Otatton.  and  Connington.  Tb«  first  he 
regarded  sea  contnu;tion  from  Steep-hilKiovrri,  at)d^/a4 
in  Glatton  he  thoneht  bore  the  same  relation  to  glatm^ 
glow  topm,  and  that  it  denoted  a  more  rapid  motioa  of 
the  wnter  down  the  hilli  than  throitj;h  the  tlat  lAnds  of 
the  fens ;  and  con  in  Connington  came  from  the  meeting 
together  of  two  strcftmJets  on  their  way  to  the  fens." 

Perhaps  the  Bector  of  Lutton  was  merely  per- 
petrating an  elaborate  joke  at  the  expense  of 
his  audience  ;  but,  if  not,  will  some  reader  of 
**  N»  k  Q.-'  kindly  put  him  right  as  to  the  deriva- 
tion of  the  three  words  and  their  several 

Roots  ? 

PRiviLEaKS  OP  RBfiiinnrrs. — My  tailor  tells 
me  that  there  is  only  one  regiment  that  is  per- 
mitted to  wear  shirt  collars,  but  he  cnnnot  recollect 
the  number,  or  the  reason  for  this  privilege.  Can 
any  military  reader  supply  this  information  ? 


(5«*'  a  ir.  366,  472.) 

I  am  Tery  dad  this  subject  has  found  its  way  into 
"  N.  &  Q."  Binding  is  a  very  interesting  question 
for  the  man  with  an  ornamental  Library,  for  in  it  he 
can  display  alike  money  and  taste,  I  think  books 
should  be  bound  with  a  regard  to  their  subjects- 
Anyhow,  there  is  a  delightful  aensation  in  handling 
a  beautifully  liound  book  ;  and  a  hirge  library  in 
rich  and  appropriate  bindings  is  a  noble  sight. 

But  I  suspect  the  question  Ls  one  of  much 
greater  practical  importance  to  the  owners  of  large 
working  libraries  ;  to  the  literary  man,  who  has  to 
make  constant  tise  of  his  books,  and  has  to  keep 
pace  with  periodical  literature,  the  pubUcationa  of 
the  learned  societies,  and  the  so-called  blue-books 
issued  by  the  different  departments  of  the  Govern- 
ment, and,  lastly,  |>amphlctB.  Here  he  has  a  large 
mass  of  unbound  material,  which,  if  it  be  essential 
to  his  plans  to  preser^'e,  will  land  him  in  a  con- 
siderable periodical  expenditure.  To  such  a  man 
the  ordinary  methods  of  binding  uttfi  of  iw> ' 



[p*  fl> 

He  requires  at  ooce  an  economic,  an  effective,  aad 
a  rapid  mode  of  getting  his  stores  put  into  form 
for  preBervation  and  reference. 

Our  working  libraries  are  formed  by  degrees  ; 
firat  hundreds,  then  thooaands,  and  finally,,  a-s  in 
my  own  case,  tens  of  thousands.  When  ray  library 
was  yet  in  its  infancy,  I  begjin  a  Bystem  which 
answered  very  well  up  to  a  certain  point  I  had 
my  booka  bound  cheaply,  but  stronf^ly,  in  cloth  of 
certain  colours,  in  relation  to  the  subject-matter  of 
the  book.  Thus,  general  statistics,  brown  ;  vital 
Btatiatics,  red  ;  periodical  literature,  green ;  his- 
tory, roan  ;  currency,  amber ;  chronology,  buff ; 
pftrlismentary  papers,  blue  ;  pamphlets,  black. 

In  course  of  time  I  adopted,  almost  from  neces- 
aity,  the  method  of  classifying  my  library  into 
subjects,  and  then,  behold,  the  colour>eleraent, 
which  had  tMJcn  so  useful  for  distinction  previously, 
became  inconvenient  from  its  very  sameness. 
Larse  raiisses  of  binding  of  the  same  shade  present 
no  landmarks,  I  then  introduced  changes  of 
colour  into  each  division,  iis  follows  : — vital  sta- 
tiatica— works  wjlating  to  England  and  Wales, 
red  (crimson) ;  to  Scotland,  blue  (dark) ;  to  Ire- 
land, green  (emerald) ;  to  the  continent  of  Europcj 
bull' ;  to  the  United  States,  brown  ;  to  India, 
yellow  (bright).  This  la  answering  very  well, 
excepting  idwaya  some  confu.%ion  from  the  pre- 
ceding plan.  Books  in  publishers'  boards  of  course 
intcrftre  with  the  general  plan.  I  suppose  it  h 
hopeless  that  publishers  should  ever  agree  to  any 
genend  cla-ssiJication  of  subjects  by  colour. 

The  t^uestion  of  the  materials  for  binding  a 
working  library  is  important.  Cloth  is  the 
cheapest,  but  cloth  binding  for  books  much  used 
gets  nhabhy  ;  and  since  I  moved  my  library 
from  the  country  to  London,  another  difficulty  has 
com©  about.  One  of  the  rooms  devoted  to  my 
books  is  over  the  kitchen  ;  the  cockchafers  have 
come  through  the  chmka  of  the  floor  or  the  fire- 
place, and  they  have  attacked  all  my  books  newly 
DOund  in  re^l  cloth,  and  some  of  those  in  green, 
ftud  (piite  disfigured  them,  even  eating,  or  rather 
Bucking,  through  the  gold  lettering.  I>o  they  get 
attnicted  by  the  past*  used,  or  what  is  it  ?  And 
what  is  the  remedy  ?  I  have  used  powdered  bomxj 
placing  it  on  the  shelves  at  the  back  of  the  books. 
The  damage  has  been  less  since. 

Leather  half-binding  looks  the  neatest,  and  cer- 
tainly brings  out  the  lettering  more  distinctly  than 
cloth  ;  but  then  it  is  liable  to  two  evils — gaa  and 
mice»  Regarding  the  destruction  by  gas  in  libm- 
ries,  reference  may  be  made  to  the  Report  of  the 
Select  Parliamentary  Committee  on  Public  Li- 
"bniries,  1&50,  or  practical  demonstnvtion  obtained 
by  going  to  the  libmry  of  the  London  Institution, 
Finsbury  Circus.  Mice  m^iy  be  kept  down  by 
cats  ;  but  then  which  of  the  two  is  the  greater 
evil  in  a  working  library,  where  the  floor,  as  well 
us  the  shelves,  has  to  be  const^intly  occupied  1    I 

intend  to  try  veDum  backs  and  c^ 
correspondent,  J.  T.  R.,  suggests,  -^ 
of  Roxburgh©  binding  I  have  been  tn^- 

BegTirding  the  Jettering  of  the  hi* 
there  is  a  good  deal  to  be  said.  W 
saw  it  can  forget  that  quaint  pampE 
<f  T^pUng,  "  at  420  on  the  Strand,"  Fch 
anees  :  a  Consideration  of  our  Waif$ 
Boobf,  18541  Poor  John  TJpUngtt 
Pacific  went  down  in  the  Atlantic  afei 
there  was  extinguished  a  shining  hj 
booksellers  of  the  literary  type,  "W 
lisherB  pereist  in  putting  the  titles  i 
where  they  are  no  use,  and  leave  t 
l>ooks,  which  are  alone  seen  in  lib 
Every  lK>ok  should  have  its  short  title 
name,  and  its  date,  in  plain  letters,  oa 
there  be  not  suflicient  room  acroasg  tl 
and  down,  beginning  at  the  bottom 
towards  the  top.  If  more  thau  one 
which  edition  should  be  also  stated, 
chronological  arrangement  in  regard  1 
at  present  compamtively  little  unden 

Finally,  a  word  ns  to  pamphleti 
mode  of  dealing  with  these  is  alwi 
I  have  found  cla.ssification  of  anbj^ 
available  remedy  in  my  own  case.  ' 
"  Currency  No.  1,  1B44  to  1846,"  and 
if  you  miss  any — and  many  are  privi 
and  cannot  be  got  by  purchase— thei 
is  misleading.  Of  this  I  am  cert 
greater  mistake  can  be  pursued  than 
ing  up  pamphlets  on  mixed  subjects 
I  shall  be  glad  to  learn  how  your 
Hpondents  manage.  Vellum  backs,  o 
can  write  the  short  titles,  do  very  w 

I  should  like  to  add  "  a  parting  i 
bookbinders  who  ruin  books  and  patn 
by  cutting  them  down  to  w^ithin  an 
lives.  This,  where  not  an  inherent 
to  save  boards  and  leather  or  dot 
material  suggests  a  remedy  as  again 
motive.  Cokkelius 

S&,  B«Ifl]z«  Park  (hardens. 

Much  very  curious  and  valuable  in 
the  subject  of  ornamental  hookbini 
found  in  M.  Libri*9  letter  to  Messrs.  Le 
&  Wilkinson,  prefixed  to  the  Cata! 
choice  portion  of  his  magnificent  lil 
them  August  1^  1859,  and  twelve  foil 

"  Last  of  the  Stuabts  *' :  L. 
Stuaut  {5^  S.  iv.  484,  524.)— An  art 
at  the  former  reference  from  a  correa 
called  attention  to  the  fact  that  the  fi 
ing  Citizen^  in  recor<ling  the  death  of 
Stuart,  sister  of  the  last  Earl  of  Traqi 




Uit  Hescendant  **  of  the  Stuarts  j  and 


of  December  9,  1875,  spoke   of 

"^^  ^  Albttnj  as  the  "  last  of  the  Stuarts." 

f  I'Wfti  to  the  communication  explained 

jj^fftloioat  centenarian  honour,  put  for- 

«  khilf  of  the  venerable  lady,  by  saying 

fL^  Beppeiented  as  huving  been  born  on 

f  *  J77B ;  wherena^  according  to  Kearsley's 

l'j7W),6hc  was  born  on  Atigust  16,  1784, 

f  m  only  ninety-one  at  the  time  of  her 

1^'ti  ctilled  forth  a  comtounicjition  from 

f ,  »i:o  ^eeks  to  show,  from  the  Bnok  of 

h  is  a  hlatory  of  the  Maxwell 

iijcuraents  of  a  similar  chanicter, 

jj  iMikuok  was  really  born  on  Jf  arch  20, 

ein  ft  few  worda  introducing  this  com- 
ft  is  said  that  Kearsley  "  is  an  authority 
relied  upon/'  I  am  not  yet  sure  that 
!]»'■  ^se  will  convict  Kearsley  of  in- 
I  shall  be  sorry  if  it  should  not,  for  I 
^^^  found  in  Lady  Louisa  that  rara 
^brian  member  of  the  anstocracy. 
Bsopy  of  Kearsley,  which  its  former 
rimd  interleaved,  and  which  contains 
■dditions,  unfortunately  but  few  in 
tid  none  relating  to  the  subject  of  this 
ii  KeoTsky  seems  to  hare  been  very 
irepared  ;  and  I  began  to  dotilit  whether 
ttcnt,  published  when  the  huiy  wits  ho 
most  twenty,  but  more  possibly  only 
mid  be  wrong.  I  thought  I  would  turn 
mual  RtgisUTf  and  see  what  light  it 
►w  upon  the  date  of  Lady  Louisa's  birtb^ 
Douglafl's  Peerage  of  f^eothiid,  a  ^reat 
and  in  all  modem  peerages,  is  ^riyen  as 
,  1776.  All  these  authorities  agree, 
that  there  were  only  two  chUdren,  viz,, 
%  daughter. 

ring  to  the  index  to  the  Annual  liegu- 
i  that  the  marriage  of  Lord  Linton  to 
jnscToft  was.  duly  recorded  in  vol.  xvi., 
the  year  1773,  1  eould  find  no  record 
h  of  any  child  of  that  marriage  in  1770, 
flertbe  lady  became,  by  the  death  of  her 
(ihther,Coante8sof  Traquair.  The  index 
birth  of  a  80Q  is  recorded  in  vol.  xxiiL 
be  ixiv.),  for  the  year  1781,  which  son 
te  earl  ;  and  in  vol.  xxvii.j  nuuiely,  for 
►irth  of  another  child,  but  does  not,  as  in 
ing  case,  describe  the  chihi  as  a  son,  *So 
d  that  Kearsley  was  right'  nfter  all,  and 
■a  waa  born  in  1784,  and  not  in  177f>. 
Btural  conclusion,  as  the  reader  will 
\  which  I  am  hound  to  say  was  not 
bf  subsequent  inciuiries. 
fcped  to  the  A  nnual  Rc^ufer  for  1784, 
JBlO,  I  read,  under  the  date  of  July  15, 
Km  of  Trat^[uair,  of  a  sojiJ^  This  wa.s 
■  misprint,  because  all  the  peerages, 
Kearvley,  tell  us  that  the  earl  had  but 

two  children,  one  son  and  one  daughter,  for  which, 
also,  there  is  the  high  aathority  of  Douglas. 

But,  before  seeding  you  this  correction,  I 
thought  it  right  to  refer  to  the  Gentleman's  Maga- 
zinty  and,  to  my  great  surprise,  I  found  it  agreeing 
in  every  respect  with  the  Annv^tl  Regiat^  in  re- 
cording Lord  Linton's  marriage,  in  its  silence  as 
to  the&irth  of  any  issue  of  such  marriage  till  1781, 
and  then  the  birth  of  a  son,  followed  by  that  of  a 
second  son  in  1784. 

I  then  turned  to  the  ScoU  Magaiiiiu^  and  in  the 
volume  for  1784  found  it  stated  that  the  Oounteaa 
of  Traquair  had  given  birth  to  a  son  in  Ijondon  on 
the  2iith  (not  15th)  of  July.  But  I  found  more; 
for,  on  referring  to  that  magazine  for  1776,  I  found 
(what  is  not  recorded  either  in  the  (icnikumn^s 
Mngazint  or  A  miuai  EeguUr)  that  on  March  20, 
1776 J  Lady  Linton  gave  birth  to  a  daughter  at 

It  would  be  a  waste  of  time  on  roy  pari  to  en- 
deavour to  clear  up  this  discrepancy  in  the  Tra- 
quair  pedigree,  since  it  is  clear  your  well-informed 
correspondent  C.  G.  H.  has  the  means  of  doing  so 
without  much  difticuUy. 

I  have  nothing  to  say  as  to  the  question  of  the 
**  Last  of  the  Stuarts,"  as  I  agree  with  the  writer 
of  the  exhaustive  article  on  "  The  Heirs  of  the 
Stuarts,"  in  the  Quartrrhj  Rcritw  for  June,  1847, 
that  *'the  death  of  Cardinal  York  extinguished 
the  descendants  of  James  IL" 

William  J.  Thoms. 

40,  St.  Georgij's  Square,  8.W. 

"Fiat  justitu,  ruat  cneldm*'  (4**  S.  i.  04 ; 
ix.  433  ;  5"^  S.  iv.  339.)— No  answer  has  yet 
appeared  to  the  query  aa  to  the  earliest  use  of  the 
phrase.  Possibly  this  has  not  been  discovered, 
aad  some  notice  of  the  pkces  where  it  occurs  may 
be  admitted.  The  latter  part  of  the  sentence  is  of 
early  date.  Theognia  (v.  &j%  p.  72,  Bergk,  Anth, 
Lyr,,  Lips.,  1668)  has  :— 
El'  ^oi  cTTttra  irtrrot  fityai  ovpavoi  €vpos  V7rip6e\' 

\aA.K€o?,  ar&piiiTTtov  Stifia  TraXaiytvtioVf 

Terence  has  {IJenut.  iv.  iii.  41) : — 
"  Quid  ei  coclum  rimt.'* 
And  Varro  (ap,  Nonn,,  c,  ix.  n.  7)  has  : — 

"  Tanto  inmBtt  cupiditai  hononim  plerUque,  ut,  t<jI 
ewlum  Tuere,  dummodo  magistrfttus  adipiflcautur,  exop* 

It  is  mentioned,  as  a  proverb,  by  Erasmus,  The 
union  of  the  Itvo  clauses  in  another  form  is  implied 
in  the  lines  of  Horace  {Od.  iiL  iii.  1-8)  :— 

'*  Jftatum  et  tenacem  propoeiti  virum 

«  ♦  ♦  • 

Si  fmctim  ilhbfttur  orbit 
ImpRvidum  ferient  rumaa.*' 

The  form  '*  Fiat  justitiw,  mat  mundua,"  was 
noticed  some  time  since  in  the  Guardian  tm  occur- 
ring ID  a  pap«r  sent,  to  itve  Bnv^  C^iviiiK\\;'^tit,'WA , 





1552,  if  I  hare  noticed  the  diite  correctl}'.  A 
stmikr  form  wm  wted  about  that  time  by  the 
fiBferor  Ferdmand,  1558-1564,  who  adopted  as 
hk  nsotlo,  "  Fiat  justitift  et  pereat  mundus  "  (Pri- 
dMitx,  Jiilrod,  to  Hist,  p.  224,  Oxf.,  1662).  Calvin 
fi  reported  to  h^rc  said  at  a  trial  in  Geneva,  ^  Fiat 
jufltitia,  mat  oalum  "  (T.  B.  [Thoi,  Bayly^^  Bayal 
ChiiTitr,  ch,  X,  6,  pp.  127-13(J,  Lond.,  1649).  But 
1  do  not  know  where  it  is  to  be  traced  to  him.  It 
has  tdwo  been  found  in  J.  Downame'a  Four  Trea- 
ttB^f  p.  67,  1609.  Bat  I  have  not  seen  a  copj  to 
Tpri fy  the  statement.  These  last  instances  are 
I-  ^  1  in  "N.  &  Q.:'4^  S,  i,  94;  ix.  433. 
1  ice  in  inBcrted  in  the  lijst  of  English  legal 

»i,ixiin.i  in  S.  Warren's  Introd.  lo  Legal  Studies^ 
W.  ii.  p.  1272,  Lond.,  1845,  but  it  la  not  inBcrted 
in  H.  Broom'i  Lif/al  Maximiy  2nd  ed. 

£d.  Marshall. 

BoT  Biauors  (5'*»  S.  iv.  501 ;  v.  C6.)— Athanaaius, 
the  famous  Biflhop  of  Alexandria,  might  be  said 
to  have  been  the  first  boy  bifiho]h  He  has  been 
deHcribed  u8  a  man  of  very  small  stature,  a  dwarf 
rather  than  a  man,  with  the  face  of  an  un^eh 
There  is  a  pleasing  aneedote  rehited  of  him  which 
finds  a  piinillel  in  our  Saviours  parable  of  the 
little  children  mimicking  the  marriage  and  funfind 
processions  which  they  saw  crossing  the  market- 

"Sec,  nt  hia  feet,  mme  little  plan  or  chart, 
i^ouo  fni;^meiit  from  h\n  drchm  of  liuman  life, 
JSbapid  liy  liimni-lf  with  newlyle&rncd  art; 
A  wcddiitg  or  %  fefltivalt 
A  iiinuruinK  nr  a  funertiit ; 

And  tbiM  hath  now  Ins  heart, 
And  unlD  tliii  he  fmrnea  his  song : 
Then  will  (it  hi«  ton^uo 
To  diiUngnea  of  buBiuess,  love,  or  itrifB ; 
But  it  will  not  be  long 
Era  thii  bo  thriiwn  ixshle^ 
And  with  new  joy  antl  ptido 
The  littl©  Actor  com  anotbcr  pnrt." 

1  tninscribethe  following  from  the  attractive  pages 
of  Dean  Stanley  (The  Eaitltm  Oinrehf  Lect.  vii, 
p,  224),  whose  authorities  are  Rufinns,  Socrates, 
and  Sozomen : — 

"  ll'iM  llrflt  nppparanco  in  in  a  wellknown  story,  which, 
thoii|,;h  doubtifd  in  btcr  timoi  from  its  stippoBed  incon- 
gruity with  the  diiaiity  of  a  great  taint,  has  crery  mdi> 
cation  of  truth.  Aleiander,  Binhop  of  Alcxundrm,  w«* 
sntvrtatning  his  clerin^  in  a  tower  or  lofty  house  over' 
looking  the  oiponMs  of  sea  beside  the  Alexandrian  har^ 
hour.  Ho  obnerfed  a  gfroupe  of  children  plajing  on  the 
•dgo  cf  the  flboro,  and  wns  stnicic  by  the  gruvc  appear- 
ance  of  their  eamo,  His  attendant  clergy  went,  at  Ids 
ordsra,  to  catch  the  boys  and  bring  them  before  the 
Bl»bop,  who  taxed  them  with  horin^  plnyed  at  religioue 
€tr«nionit>s.  At  first,  like  boya  cnujjht  at  a  nii^chitTCmii 
lanie,  thry  denied  ;  but  nt  last  conft-satd  thut  they  had 
weu  imttii,ting  the  sncram^nt  of  baptiRm  ;  that  one  of 
them  hnti  been  selected  to  perform  the  part  of  Dirthop* 
and  thht  be  bad  duly  dipped  them  in  the  sea,  with  nil 
tbt  pmpcr  questions  and  nddresses.  Whea  Alexander 
found  that  these  forms  had  been  ob»erTed»  bo  deter- 
mined that  the  baptism  was  valid ;  be  himiolf  added  the 

oil   of  confirmation  ;   and  was 
fliruek  with  the  knowUdge  and  gravity  of  the  bo^r*) 
that  he  took  hiia  under  his  charge.     This  little  ' 
Atbananoe ;  already  showing  the  onion  of  lei 
and  vport  whieh  we  fthall  see  in  his  alter  Kfe» 
ebildith  game  is  an  epitome  of  the  eocleslailieal  f« 
of  hts  Lime  and  of  hi«  country.     The  cbildrvn  plaj 
the  shore,  the  old  man  looking  at  them   with 
these,  indeed,  are  incidents  which  belong  to  ei 
of  the  world.    But  only  in  the  early  centuries 
been  found  the  immewion  of  the  baptited,  the 
of  ^  Bishop  to  perform  the  ceremony,  the 
freedom  and  superstition,  which  could  regard  as 
a  sacrament  so  lightly  performed.    In  the  Coptic  Chi 
is  there  the  best  likenesa  of  this  Eaatem  revi 
the  fiacred  act*  of  childrctL     A  child  still  draws 
in  the  patriarchal  olectioni.     By  children  is 
formed  the  greater  part  of  thstr  innocent  childlik*( 

JoHK  E.  Bailst. 

Cleofatra    (6^   S.   iv.   468.)  — The   Pi 
Libniry  of  the  city  of  Boston  (Mass.,  U.S.A.), 
of  the  best  niantiged  and  most  progreaaiTe  " 
tiona  in  this  country,  published  January,  18' 
second  edition  of  a  Chronological  Indtx  to 
t&rical  Fiction.     In  this  an  attempt,  of 
imomplete,  was  made,  for  the  first  time  tO,J 
knowledge,  to  collect  and  classify  in  chrom 
sequence  the  imniem»e  moss  of  historical 
including  prose  fiction,  phiy?i,  and  poema. 
tion  X,  is  devoted  to  ancient  Roman  history, 
in  it,  under   the  cluxjnologiciii    subdivision, 
century  n.c.,  wc  come  to  : — 

"  Ctioptitra.    Tra^^edieji  by  Shakespeare,  At 
Cleopatra  ;  Henry  Brooke ;  Sir  Charles  Sedley, 
ths  Conquerm- /   Iiryden,  All  for  Love  (Antony^ 
ActiumU  A\^er\ ,  Cltopntra  ;  Cforneille,  Pompet, 
by  C  Cibber  ««  Cttmr  in  EqmyK  Rnd  translated 
Catherine  Phillips  and  Edmund  Waller :  Marmont 
pdin ;   Soden  t  Kleopatra  /   Thomas  May;    Dnuiel 
dolla,  Cleopdtne  Capttve;   J.  C.   Lanaoy ;    Lubenrtel8| 
Eoxas;    La  CalpTene^de ;    Horn:  Eotzebue;    Ayrenl 
Sonmet;  Mme.  Emile  de  Gemrdin.   Hcmnns,  LiXtt  Bai 
^utt  of  Antony  and  Cleopatra^  poem." 


Lotos  Club,  N.y. 

Mr.  Matthkwb  will  find,  on  p.  31  of  Poem* 
Tico   Brothers^  a  poem  of  four  ten-line  st 
"  Antony  to  Cleopatra."  Moth. 

Mr.  ^fATTHEwa  is  referred  to  Tennyson*s , 
of  Fair  WoTmn,  W.  T. 


the  choruses  in  Daniers  tragedy  of 
Also  Thomas  May's  drama,      C.  K  E 

S.  Castlda  (5"*  S.  iv,  4G8,>— I  find  the  foUol 
infT  reference  in  August  Potthastj  Bibliothi 
Ilisioricd  Medii  .^ri,  IR625  p.  647  :— 

"  De  S.  Gasilda  Tirgino  Burgis  in  Hlspania  (fsec 
Papelrockii    dissertat.    in    AA,    SS.    BoU.    0  April, 
pp.  847-850." 

Edward  Pf acock- 

Botteaford  Manor,  Brigg. 




RmaisTRxm  SdcarM  Eataviauuh  (5»*>  S.  L  182 ; 
T.  73.)— A*  ^  '^  V  baa  sent  an  appendix  to  hia 
original  li  h  Old  ifatliolic  Bishops,  it 

ttcems  a  gi'  i  niiy  to  offer  a  few  corrections 

&nd  iiddlt  list.    At  the  time  the  list 

nppeafed  (:•  i  :  i)  I  sent  a  copy  of  "  N.  &  g.'' 

cootamLog  it  u*  my  iricml,  Pfistor  Rol  of  Utrecht, 
in  Cbo  bo^  that  he  would  be  able  to  complete  it 
bf  mibg  m  «oin«  of  the  minor  detaik  of  the  con- 
•iUMiUill  which  A.  S,  A.  hiwi  been  unable  to 
■apply.  pMtor  Rol  was  not  able  to  do  this  in  ail 
CBSM,  but  returned  the  ''  N.  &  Q./'  having  made 
iiu)  foUowii: .    '         iijns  in  A.  S.  A/a  list^  viz,; — 

4,  P.  J.  -■,  elected  July  2,  1739. 

6.  J.  vnn  -^i  ipuuiii,  elected  Mjiy  5  (not  15),  and 
ooiisecmt^^d  June  4  (not  11),  1745. 

8.  W,  M.  van  Nieuwen-Huijsen,  consecrated 
Feh.  7  (not  6),  at  Utrecht, 

12.  J.  Nieuwenhuij.-?,  elected  July  39,  IflOl. 

14.  W.  van  0*,  com^ecmted  at  Amersfoort. 

15.  J.  Bon,  elected  Dec.  2,  1818,  and  con- 
Mcmted  April  22,  1819,  abo  at  Amerefoort. 

1*».  H.  J.  van  Buul,  elected  Nov.  2,  1841  (not 
1  cmt«d  (on  the  date  given  by  A,  S.  A.) 

u  lUl. 

leijkarap,  elected  April  IS,  and  oon- 
s^  ty  17,  1854,  at  Rotterdam. 

•  Jong,  elected  Oct.  20,  1863  (not  1&62), 
Nov,   30,  1865   (not   1862),  at  Am- 

22.  K.  J.  RinkeL  The  two  priests  who  assisted 
Br  1 1  rr .  ■  T. .. ,,, p  in  ^jj^  consecration  of  Bp.  Rinkel 
T,  V>rheij,  Canon  and  Vicar-General 

{*^  -       ;     1  Utrecht,  and  Johannes  Harder- 

wijlc,  the  *»enif»r  prle^jt  of  the  diocese  of  Haarlem. 

...  J.  H.  Reinken.^.  The  two  German  ecclesi- 
&  supplied  the   places  of  the   wan  tin  «t 

h^  e  in  this  c&ae  Professors  Knoodt  and 

_:;.  John  Heijkamp.     The  two  asaiBtant  coa- 
sccmtora  were  in  thia  case  J.  H.  Reinkens,  Bishop 
in  Germany,  and  C.  J.  Mulder,  Dean  of  Utrecht. 
The    '      '  tors,  or  priests  supplying  the 

place  •  op,  were,  in  the  cxiae  of — 

15.  ^ "» I*  C.  tie  Jong,  Dean  of  Utrecht. 

18.  1   (Haarlem),  Amoldus  Stanislaus 

m "  ^''  ' » vii,  Archpriest  of  Utrecht. 

ijkauip  (Dc? venter),  Gerard  Spet,  Dean 


Loo«    (ITfcrccht),    Gerard    Spet,   Dean    of 
i. ' : 

Haarlem),  J,  Hardcrwijk,  Vicar- 
C-  om. 

mention  that  in  the  account  of 
jf  Bishop  Keinkens,  published  in 
il  iig.  2o,  1873),  it  wa8  stated  that 

IK  who   supplied   tlie  place  of  the 

w  '   laid  their  hands  on  the  head 

of  junced  the  words,  "Accipe 

Spin ;  wu I  r.MU'i  u  rj  i .     Aj  thla  seemed  rather  curious, 

I  asked  Pastor  Rol  about  it,  and  hia  answer  yn 
aa  follows  : — 

"  The  priiiJt  assittimt  hi  the  ootLMcratioti  of  n  bishctp 
does  not,  with  as,  pUcc  his  hand  on  the  lieatl  of  the  elect 
If  he  doea  so,  it  is  an  error.  I  have  my«elf  twice  seen  a 
priest  assistant  do  it;  but  it  is  not  a  nutter  of  ^cat 
iDonient.  It  ia  the  biahop  alone  who  can  give  '  la  per- 
fection de  la  prt'triM.' " 

I  had,  in  asking  the  question,  alluded  to  the 
Swedish  Lutheran  Church,  where  the  bishops  are 
always  consecrated  by  one  bishop  assisted  by  two 

There  is  one  other  point  of  interoHt  to  which  I 
may  perhaps  allude.  Dr.  Neale,  in  his  BUiory  of 
tin  nO'CnlUii  Jan^cnid  Church  of  Holland^  men- 
tiooH  that  Bishop  Bon  of  Haarlem  is  the  only 
bishop  uf  that  Church  who  has  escaped  excom- 
munication from  Rome,  and  that  he  was  afterwards 
Bominateil  to  the  see  of  Bruges,  in  Belgium  ;  but 
from  causes  quit©  distinct  From  ^*  Janaenist '' con* 
troversiea,  the  nomination  fell  through  \yid4  Neale, 
p,  350)«  Dr.  Neale,  however,  does  not  state  what 
these  reasons  were  which  prevented  Bishop  Bon 
from  becomin^j  Bishop  of  Bniges.  My  friend  has 
kindly  explained  the  matter  to  me  as  follows  : — 

"The  Dutch  Govemment  wished  to  reunite  us  with 
Rome.  Our  bishops  wore,  according  to  aconcordnt,  lo 
rMtjtn  tljeir  sees,  and  there  wfu»  to  be  then  a  Uinhop  of 
Amsterdam  for  the  Nortbom  ProrinccM.  Mngr.  Bon, 
the  one  bishop  who  ws^  not  excoromunicatod,  was  to 
become  Biahop'of  Brages  so  soon  aa  be  had  resigned  for 
himself  the  »eo*of  Haarlem.*' 

Political  changes  prevented  the  concordat  from 
being  carried  out,  and  thus  Bishop  Bon  did  not 
succeed  to  the  see  of  Bruges,  and  the  "  Jansenists" 
remain  separate  from  Rome, 

Those  readers  of  "  N.  &  Q."  who  are  interested 
in  the  affairsi  of  the  Dutch  **  Jansenists "  will  find 
some  information  in  the  Report  of  the  Anglo- 
Continental  Society  for  1875,  published  by  Messrs. 
Rivingtoas.  T.  M.  Faixow, 

"HSt,  (5"»  S.  iv.  443,  494  ;  v.  17,  72.)-Suida8, 
Scapula,  Hedrick,  Eustathius — are  th&sc  the  heroes 
that  I  have  unwittingly  attacked  I  NevertheleSB, 
I  must  tlefend  myself,  for  I  have  gone  too  far  to 
draw  buck. 

I  will  first  take  our  rendering  of  the  passM© 
from  Thucydides.  The  charges  against  it  may  oe 
chi.ssed  under  two  heads  : — 

1.  It  i«i  paraphrastic  and  obscure.  The  first  I 
admit.  V,  e  were  tttmskting  the  passage  simply 
with  a  view  to  bringing  out  the  meaning  of  >jiO»ji. 
Under  any  other  circumstances,  such  a  rendering 
would  have  been  reprehensible,  although  I  believe 
even  an  acute  scholai*  would  be  at  a  loss  to  express 
the  sense  of  the  Greek  Iprirjly.  The  obscurity  is 
not  quite  so  great  as  Mr.  Tew  imagines,  for  after 
the  verb  "avow"  the  personal  pronoun  naturally 
refers  to  the  subject  of  that  verb.  But  even  sup- 
posing that  I  fully  admitted  these  defects^  IheY 



[5'*S.  V.  Feb,  S/id. 

would  not  affect  the  meaning  of  yC'}}.  A  transla- 
tion nitty  be  parnphrastic  aod  yet  correct ;  whilst, 
the  obscurity,  Mr.  Tew  bimseff  asserts,  does  not 
bear  upon  the  adverb  at  aO. 

2.  lanccaracy.  To  refute  this  chai'ge  would  be 
simply  to  repeat  our  first  arguments.  Let  us  see, 
then,  whether  Mr.  Tew's  translation  is  iinimpeiich- 
ttble  on  this  point  :  "  And  by  reiison  of  their 
ancient  gmdge  againbt  the  Lacedicioonians,  the 
Athenians  tooi  them  under  their  protection,  and 
pliiced  them  in  the  city  of  NaupiictMs/'  Kow,  I 
am  ratber  curious  to  know  which  of  these  worda  is 
the  rcpreseutatxTe  of  >Joi/.  Is  it  "ancient"?  If 
so,  Mr.  Tew's  translutioii  certainly  implies  that 
the  Athenians  may  or  may  not  have  acted 
prctioudjf  on  the  score  of  hatred  ;  whereas  I  am 
willing  to  prove  that  ijoij  points  to  thia  being  the 
first  time  they  dared  om^Uy  to  do  so.  And  this 
is  what  we  loexint  by  culmination^  or  consunimfition. 
The  hatred  had  long  been  smoiiklerinfj  in  the 
breasts  of  tlie  Athenians,  but  the  coi^stone  waa 
not  put  on  until  the  enemies  of  the  Spartans  had 
been  bou&ed  at  Naupactus.  This  coincides  with 
the  context,  and  gives  great  force  to  it,  and  this  is 
just  what  Mr.  Tkv.'s  tranaktioo  fails  to  embody. 
The  word  "  iivowing/'  so  far  from  being  "  an  inter- 
polation (juite  unc;dled  for,"  is  the  keystone  of  the 

As  I  have  asserted  that  Liddell  and  Scott's 
Lexicon  does  not  satisfactorily  e^jplain  this  word,  I 
will  try  to  show  how  it  is  so.  Few  articles  in  this 
Look  evince  such  a  lack  of  that  humility  of  induc- 
tion, which  causes  the  seeker  after  truth  to  await 
patiently  the  residt  of  his  laborious  investigations. 
At  the  outset,  there  is  no  one  meaning  of  the 
word  olfercd  sufficiently  abstract  to  embrace  all  its 
usa«:es.  This  is  a  fault  sufficient  in  my  opinion 
to  vitiate  the  whole  paissuge.  For  bow  c^n  the 
student  in  the  present  case  expect  an}-  unity  of 
thought  to  pers'ade  the  exphmations  f  I  have 
sometimes  been  pu/^led  almost  to  desp:mtion  (I 
know  not  whether  this  is  to  my  shame),  after 
patiently  wanderinjj  throoj^h  a  muze  of  tortuous 
divisions  and  subdivisions,  nnd  I  have  tried  in 
vain,  on  reaching  the  end^  to  connect  all  the 
meanings  or  discover  the  root  wbtcb  threw  off  all 
these  bnincbes.  Take,  for  instance,  the  article  on 
the  word  SoK€ii>.  Can  Mr,  Tew  explain  how  the 
K^coud  class  of  meanings  springs  from  the  first  ? 
The  mind  is  left  with  little  or  no  help  to  remember 
all  these  disconnected  meanings  as  best  it  can,  and 
he  who  baa  the  most  capacious  memory  wins. 

I  wQl  conclude  with  asking  only  one  more 
f|uestion.  What  is  meant  by  the  phrase,  "  the 
immediate  past,"  in  explanation  (I)  of  vj^ij  1  Does 
it  mean — but  I  can  suggest  no  meaning  for  it 
whatsoever,  in  its  present  iiitnation. 

We  did  not  arrive  at  our  conclusion  hastily  as 
regards  this  word,  and  so  it  is  hardly  likely  \hat 
<ither  my  friend  or  I  should  now  throw  it  aside, 

having  tmticipiited  and  carefully  considered  all  the 
objections  that  Mn^  Tew  raises, 


GuAL'TS  (5tb  S.  iv.  4LK),  456  ;  v.  77.)— C  S.  G. 
confidently  aifiruis  that  ffhmtt  cannot  be  another 
form  of  gate  or  gitt^  because  the  latter  form  *■»'    • 
means  a  canal  or  drtiin  for  water,  and  has  no  ...... 

signification.     I  commend  to  his  considerati 
following  instance,  which  I  found  in  alm< 
first  book  I  consulted,  viz.,  Richardson's 
(iry  ;— 

•'  You  pafs  a  nirrow  ^jut  lietween  two  »tone  temi 
thdt  ro^p  ahoTe  your  heftd,  and  which  were  croirn«dl 
a  line  of  pjmmidBJ  yewB." — Wnlpok,  "On  Gardeniiif.'' 

Will  C.  S.  O.  seriously  contend  that  gut  in 
pttssage  means  a  channel  for  water  I 

When  we  find  in  Icehindic  the  word  qjitoii 
narrow  lane,  tjvking  the  same  form  as  gj^ 
pour;  when  we  find  in  Danish  gyde^  a  narrow f 
Bgain  taking  the  same  fonu  as  gydtf  to  pour, 
is  the  use  of  going  to  India  for  an  expl 
that  can  be  had  from  Denmark  t 

I  suppose  that  the  Kpelling  ghaut  (of  coiiif*] 
should  be  gfi^ii)  originated  with  some  one  whobaj 
learnt  a  little  geography  itt  school,  and  cAo« 
spell  it  so.     It  looks  as  if  it  originated  with 
one    ignorant    of   Anglo-Saxon,    Icelajidic, 
Danish.     What  is  the  authority  for  it  I 

Walter  W.  Sksat. 

Just  one  more  instance  of  this  curious 
One  of  the  small  streams  which  trickle  throifl 
the  old  town  of  Hexham  into  the  adjacent 
is  called  the  Haligut,  the  mea.ning  of  which  i»< 
vious.     May  not  also  the  objectionftble  word  \ 
be  derived  fi"om  the  same  sources,  because 
serve  as  a  thoroughfare  for  the  digesting  food! 

A  channel  formed  long  ago  on  the  river 
below  Carlisle,  conducting  at  first  a  portion 
of  the  water  by  a  shorter  channel,  but  which 
now  become  iteelf  the  main  channel,  has,  for 
century  or  more,  been  famous  in  litigation 
tween  the  Lowthers  and  the  Corporation  of  f 
Usle  as  ''the  Goat."  R.  S.  FebousoS, 

Gowts  is  commented  upon  by  Mr.  W.  BrooW 
in   Tracts  and  MUceUanits  rdativg  to    Lint 
Caiiudralf  the  City<,  fa^He^   Falace^  Rniiu^  (t^rl 
vith  aoittt  Orifinni  Letters  and  Curions  Documtn^j 
hitherto  Unpuhlulud ; — 

"  Gowl,  Ik  filuice.  from  fjoovt^  as  it  ir  luppoffcdbjri  ^ 
but  in  Mr.  Alb.  IVey'i  Dotes  to  the  Pr.  Parv.  B|i.  K« 
net  is  quoted  as  deriving  it  from  the  Old  Dm.  f) 
»crob(i.  ^\T.  Way,  in  n  copious  note,  quotes  a  sUtaU 
Ucnry  VIIL  in  which  tbe  *  clowet,  g«ttic<i,  tfuUtP 
fjnattes,*  &c.,  of  Hsil!  Imven^  ore  mentioned  ;  iiJ«o  h  li* 
tnetttion  <iftpttUs  in  the  ch&anel  near  Rye  {temp.  Edw.  V* 
t^ome^T'cUhirc  inflances  wre  also  iriven  ;  and  he  twl 
'  111  the  Crarea  dinlect,  (/ait  d^noiifB  n  chaonet  of  «»t 
from  a  mill  dam,  aa  does  goift  in  Hallnmsbire.'    Ji 

9*av.  r»D.Sk"6. 



ton  ($ie)  givct  yoal  nvd  »pt,  %  tiuidl  trenob  or  dram,  A 
■inaltij'  »urd  occurs  tn  old  FreucU,  '  goute,  gouttkre, 
egout.'  " 

St.  S  with  in. 

Til-  .\m   word  j/ni^  cnuic  into  the  Ian- 

he  Miirathi  j/nir,  which  is  directly 
the  Sanscrit  ghoUa^  to  move,  to  gi>. 
in  Hmdilstaui  does  not  iiietin  '*  a 
irnter  enclosed  and  built  round,"  as  er- 
Ij-  supposed  by  HorKLESS.  It  mean  a  a 
\%  pUce,  quay,  or  wharf  ;  a  pass  through  the 
inotintaina,  or  the  uiounLiiBS  theuiselvfis  ;  also, 
steps  down  to  the  vater.  11.  A.  U. 


French  {b^  S.  iv.  449  j  v.  58,)— Many  intere^^t- 
io^  exumples  of  these  inscnptions  yet  reiuain  upon 
oamiweujomtive  sepulchral  slabs,  which  have  been 
despoiled  of  their  the  indents  on  the  fuce 
of  each  Sitone  still  showini,'  the  forms  of  the  brasa 
1«ller«  that  once  occupied  them.  Several  snch 
fthib«  iifte«i  to  lie  in — I  am  uncertain  whether  they 
kive  been  '* restored"  out  of— the  pavement  in  the 
li  r  of  the  abbey  church  of  St.  Albun,  at  8L 
lis,  I  may  abo  specify  one  other  skb  of  this 
oaj»T,  uilaid  originally  with  a  brass  emsB  of  sin- 
gula beauty  of  outline  {m  the  indent  still  showa), 
the  inarpnai  in»criptioD  upon  which,  cut  in  finely 
foruietl  Lorabardic  letters,  may  be  read  as  followa; 

•h  ICI  «  OI»T  .  DAMK  .  EVUA  .  IHi  .  SOVKAVT  .  mXR  . 
1»S   .    X^KtX  .  BAHONS  .  DIKV  .   PAlt  .  iiA  ,   I'lTlS  «  AV£Z    . 

Emma,  wife  of  Etchard  FitJijohn,  and  afterwartla 
aC  Boger  de  Montault,  died  a,d.  IZ'M^  atid  wixs, 
Imried  ID  the  church  at  Stmdsett,  in  Norfolk, 
wliera  thia  slab  to  her  memory,  apparently  in  situ^ 
lies  in  the  {mrement 

At  Wootton- under- Edge,  in  Gloucestershire,  in 
A  ctufom  »l«b,  despoiled  of  its  brasses,  whicli,  in 
addition  to  a  lengthy  marirfnal  iuscripti&n  in 
rbvTiim'  T^itin,  has  a  prec^aton-  sentence  so  placed 
xi  uito  the  shaft  of  a  boldly  outlined  croas. 

'  ^lera  are  Lonibardic,      In   the   second 
of  the   shaft-sentence  a  supeili'uoua  letter 
unintentiomdly  to   have    been   inserted  ; 
I,  consequently,  th«  allotted  space  on  the  stone 
Id  not  udout  one  letter  (A)  in  the  Jaat  word, 
^vhicii  letter  has  been  cut  on  the  stone  beneath  the 
place  it  ought  to  have  occupied. 

I  have  not  observed  in  "  N.  &  Q."  any  notices  of 
ftUbd  deepoiled  of  their  brasses.  Such  slabs,  how- 
erer,  exiit  in  considerable  nuinbei*^,  and  still 
ibow  the  distinct  outlines  of  comjw«;itionH,  many 
of  them  unlike  any  tluit  are  known  to  remain 
p<»rfect»  or  (ompamtively  perfect,  not  a  few  being 
Doth  beautiful  and  intcrtsting. 


Tlie  Temple, 

DoMiKCa  iLLtrutJcATio  MSA  "  (5"*  S,  iv.  487.) 
^▲s  Ml  Uliisiniioa  of  thla  first  being  used  na  th« 

motto  of  the  University  of  Oxford,  allow  me  to 
Quote  the  following  evtract  from  the  Dedication  to 
Lt:durc»  on  the  I>iat€^saron,  Oxford,  184S,  by  Dr. 
Mucbride,  who  waa  then  Principal  of  Magdalene 
Hall  :— 

"  When  oar  reformed  UniYerfity  fubstiiuted  at  th« 
Aubjecta  of  the  L^'ctures  of  Bojohelon  in  Divinity  the 
Epinties  of  8t.  Patjl  for  the  Sentences  of  Peter  Lombard^ 
HTid Hs^umed  for  her  arms  the  Bible  opened  at  P«idn)  xxvii., 
Tkt  Lortt  is  »M.v  Lif/fih  »l*e  declared  with  our  Church 
that  tlio  Word  of  God  was  her  s^olc  rule  of  faith."— P.  rii. 
John  PicKfORD,  M.A. 

Newbonmo  Rectory,  Woodbridge. 

La  Zouche  Family  (5*^  S,  iv,  48a)— Kot 
having  Courthope's  HuioTxc  Fctragt.  I  cannot  tell 
whether  the  mistake  in  this  pedi^jree  is  his  or 
D.  C.  £,'8  ;  but  in  Burke's  Extinct  Peerage,  p.  94, 
it  is  plainly  enough  stated  that  Edward  Burnell 
vi'as  not  the  son  of  Joyce  Botetourt  at  all,  but  of 
her  huRband's  first  wife,  Philippa  de  la  Pole,  and 
that  Joyce  Botetourt  died  .?.j*.  Her  aunts  there- 
fore were  her  next  heirs. 

Charles  F.  S.  WARREy,  M.A. 


Banks,  in  his  Baronia  Anglica  Conccntratay 
aays,  at  vol  i.  p.  144  :— 

"  In  the  clftini  <if  Mr.  Norbome  Berkelfly  to  the  baronj 
of  Botetourt,  it  aeenvB  to  have  been  there  considered  that 
this  Juice  Botetourt  died  *.  ;p.,  bo  that  EiiwarJ  must  hove 
been  a  son  of  Hu;§!;h  Lord  Burnell  by  Bome  other  wife,  for 
otherwise  he  (qy.  his  deacendunts)  would  hnve  hud  a  pre- 
leifible  clniin  to  that  of  Mr.  JSorbornc  Berkeley/' 

The  quefstion  arises,  Who  was  the  other  wife  ? 

W.  E.  B. 

The  De  CANTiLurE  Family  (5*^  S.  iv.  487) 
came  from  Chanteloup,  near  Coutances*.  Name 
synonymous  with  Cantelowe.  In  Battle  Abbey 
Roll,  Clmuttlmty  appears  in  Holhngshead's,  Chanti- 
htre  in  Duchesne  a,  and  Caunitiow  in  Lelund's  list. 
William  de  Cantilupe  occurs  in  Normandy,  1124 
(Gall.  Christ.,  xi.  IGti)  ;  Walter  de  Cuntilupe  in 
Lincoln,  113V)  (Rot.  Pip.).  In  llOt;,  Wulter,. 
Roo:er,  Ralph,  nnd  Simon  de  CiintOupe  held  liefH 
in  England  (Lib.  Ki|f.).  The  period  cf  Glover's 
Roll  being  l!24()-5,  the  William  de  Cantdupe  in- 
cluded therein  wil-s  the  second  barcm  by  tenure, 
8on  and  heir  of  William  de  Cantilupe,  the  first 
baron,  living  tanp.  John,  and  who  died  in  1238. 

W^  E.  B. 

Mr.  Weston  wiJl  posaibly  find  Cantilupe 
{fhamjj-i^t-lonp)  as  the  nnme  of  some  barony  or 
place  iu  France,  See  the  dictionaries  of  Lamar- 
tinii-rc  and  Joanne,  K.  S.  CnARyoCK. 


Bristol  Cathedral  Library  (5**"  S.  v.  8.) — 
Your  correspondent  will  find  the  information  be 
seeks  in  the  following  extract  from  a  valuable 
work,  entitled  Notu  on  the  Catfudral  Lihrarics  of. 
England,  by  Beriah  Botfield  (London,  l-Wii) :~ 




[5**  S.  V.  Feb,  5,  71 

**  The  cbftpior-bouie,  no  much  admired  for  the  beauty 
•of  its  Sikxon  architectupe,  was  at  tb&t  time^**  ue,,  tha 
time  of  the  Bristol  Riota,  October  31,  1831,  '*  the  reccp- 
ioclo  f\f  ftbout  six  or  aevcn  thousand  volumeSrC^oaatitutiiQj^ 
the  Jtbmry  of  the  Deun  and  Chnptcr. 

"  The  lawless  ruffianj?,  who  fired  the  tidjoimng  pftlace, 
threw  the  greater  number  of  these  volumes  into  tbe 
flifflei;  und  the  catalognJe,  of  which,  unfortunately,  no 
duplicate  wom  kept,  tharcd  the  same  fate/'—P.  1. 

Mr.  Botfield  adds  that  about  eleven  himdred 
Tohinies  were  subsequently  recovered  from  the 
shops  of  marine-store  dealers  and  other  places, 
which  are  now  in  a  building  connecttHl  with  the 
eathe^lral.  He  gives  the  titles  of  a  few  of  tbesc" 
vorks.  H.  BowElL 

JoriM  Holland  (6"»  S.  v,  29.)— If  St.  Swrrmy 

will  COHHult^ — 

*'  The  Life  of  John  Holland,  of  ShelBeld  VttrV,  from 
Numeroaa  Letters  and  other  Documenta  furnished  by 
his  Nephew  and  Eiecotor,  John  Holland  Hmmmall. 
By  WiUiam  Hudson.  With  Portrait  and  Illustrations. 
London  :  Loogmana,  Orcca  Ic  Co.,  1874, — 

which  "  N.  &  Q."  has  pronoimced  to  be  "  as  fuU 
of  interest  im  a  novels"  und  *'  whole^ionie  English 
reading,  every  leaf  of  it,"  he  will  find  an  exhaustive 
iiccount  of  the  amiable  author  of  Cruciana,  The 
Criipin  Aiucdotes^  named  by  Jf  r.  Potter  (v,  33), 
was  also  one  of  the  muny  books  from  Mr.  Holland's 
I  prolific  pen.  Geoboe  Markham  Tweddell. 
Rote  (Jottttgo,  Stokcfiley. 

Cruciana  is  one  of  the  numerous  works  of  John 
Holland^  of  Sheffield  Park,  the  friend  and  bio- 
grapher of  James  Montgomeryj  who  died  at 
Sheffield  on  Bee.  2B,  1872.  The  title  Cruciafta 
might  suggest  a  belief  that  Mr  Holland  was 
thereby  supplementing?  the  High  Church  movement 
4it  the  period  of  its  pnblicjition  ;  but  the  sjuthar  was 
neither  "  Papist  nor  Puritan,"  and  ndvocated,  in 
this  volume  of  prose  and  poetry  upon  the  subject, 
**  CO  idolatrous  reverence  for  the  cross  under  jvny 
modifications  whatever,"  although  it  seems  that 
this  suspicion  operated  against  the  sale  of  a  valu- 
able and  handsomely  got  up  book,  What  Mr. 
Holland  did  so  well  for  his  friend,  the  better  kcown 
Sheffield  poet,  the  Rev.  W.  Hudson  has  done  for 
hirii,  in  his  interestin;^  fA/c  of  John  HoUanff,  of 
Hheffidd  Parkf  published  hj  Longmans  in  1874. 

J.  0. 

Lord  CnANCELLOR  Ellesmere  (5"»  S.  v.  68.) 
— The  work  here  mentioned,  Certain  Oheri^imis 
<ojucniinfj  fhe  O/AV/;  of  the  Lord  Chancdlor^ 
althoutrli  admitted  a  a  authentic  bj  Lownde."?!,  is 
one  of  two  attributed  to  Lord  Ellesmere,  which  are 
questioned  by  Watts  on  the  ground  of  "  inaccumcv 
and  composition,"  the  other  being  the  Spr.ech  imich- 
ing  tht  Pod  Nati^  which  h  also  mentioned  by  your 
correspondent.  It  ©ppears  that  Lord  Ellesmere,  n 
«hort  time  before  his  death,  gave  certain  ''  hooks 
of  his  own,  written  by  his  own  hand,"  to  his  chap- 

hitn,  John  Williams,  afterwards  Archbishop  of 
York  and  Lord  Keeper.  Tliis  is  stated  by  Am- 
brose Philips  in  his  LiU  of  Williams.  And  he 
adds  that  these  manuscripts  were  '*  collections  for 
the  well  ordering  of  the  High  Court  of  Parliament, 
tlie  Court  of  Chancery,  the  Stir  Chamber,  and  tha 
Council  Board,"  in  which  were  comprised  the  main 
duties  of  the  office  of  the  Lord  Chancellor.  When 
WiDiame  fell  into  disgrace,  hiB  library  and  all 
effects  were  seixed  and  dispersed.  It  would  apj 
that  &orae  of  these  manuscripts  may  have 
into  the  hands  of  unskilful  editors,  and  been  pul 
iished.  In  a  volume  of  manuscripts  whick 
belonpfed  to  Archbishop  Williams,  1  find  a 
on  the  "  Privileges  and  Special  Rights  bel< 
to  the  Baronafre  of  England.''  This  is  a 
subject  with  the  collections  speciMed  by 
Philips,  and  the  treatise  may  possibly  have 
among  them.  NiORATiENsra. 

"Coming  through  the  rte"  (6«>  S.  v.  87.5 
The  original  version  of  this  song,  for  which 
Americus  inquires,  is — 

"  If  a  body  meet  a  body  goinK  la  the  fair. 
If  a  body  kiss  a  body  need  a  bo<ly  mre  f  '* 
The  original  entry  at  Stationers'  Hidl  was 
by  Broderip  &  Wilkinson,  music   publiaheri 
London,  on  tlie  2rnh  of  June,  179G,  in  the  fol' 
inpr  words  v — **  *  If  a  body  meet  a  body,'  sung 
Mrs.  Henley,  at  the  Royal  Circus,  in  the  favourit 
now  Pantomime  called  HarUfptin  Mariner^  '^ 
music  adapted  by  J.  Sanderson,  the  words  by 
Cross."    A  copy  of  this  edition  will  be  found 
the  library  of  the  British  Museum  {G  367).    M 
Henley  acted  the  part  of  Market  Goody  in 
pantomime.    Cross  was  the  author  of  several  ol 
pantomimes,   of  a   book   called   Ctre«*iami, 
Harkquin  Mnrincr  was  produced  for  the  CI 
ma^s  of  1795-96.  Wm.  Chappell, 

There  are  three  versions  of  the  air.     The 
accord  in  {J  to  Mr.  Stenhouse,  is  taken  from 
third  and  fourth  strains  of  The  MUhn-'s  Dauqht^i 
a  strathspey.     The  second  set  was  idtered 
from  the   first    by   John  Watlen,  musician 
music-seller,  first  in  Edinburjjh,  then  in  I>ondf 
This  Ls  the  best  known  ah".     The  third  version 
adapted  to  a  totally  different  set  of  words. 
G.  F.  Graham's  Sonff*  of  Scotland,  ii.  11. 

William  George  Black. 

Mirs.«us  AND  St.  Luke  (5"^  S.  iii  44G.)— ! 
parallel  between  the  passa;^'es,  Luke  LL  27  and  tl 
Hero  and  Lmndir  of  Musoeus,  i.  138-9,  to  whit 
attention  was  first  dmwn  by  Mr.  E.  Tvffi 
is  of  much  interest.  One's  feeling  is  perhaps 
little  shocked  by  finding  the  same  terms  appUc 
to  widely  differing  personages  under  widely  ditfe 
ing  circumstances.  But  I  would  ask  your  leanK 
correspondent,  or  any  other  well-read  contribnt 
to  "  N.  &  Q.,"  if  there  be  not  a  passage  Tery  simil 

8.  T.FZB.  £,?«.] 



I   to  the  ftbo?«  in  the  poetiy  of  Imlk^  referring  to 
L^ke  gods,   I  ltaf»  an  impre.^sion  I  have  come  acrosa 
^Bfeh  TMoagp,  but  caianot  remember  where. 
^^  V.  E.  T. 

{We  cKo  Mrbrnpf  make  one  step  in  the  direction  re- 
itre«l  hf  v.  E.  T.  by  the  help  of  Mra.  Manmng'a  Anrxent 
'  India,  ii.  119.     When  tbo  dirine  JJmii, 
Lhe  mountain   ninialava  and  the  nymph 
was  twm  a^&in,  tbe  destined  bride  of  heii.7en'i 
A  king,  Sim,  the  t>ccurrcnce  wwt  celebnted  hj 
grstal»Cioti,  thus  done  iutu  Eogliali  : — 
Hi  limt  hoar,  and  all  the  world  was  piy^ 
Wliea  JfcaA'*  aaughtcr  taw  the  light  of  day  : 
A  TM  glotr  fiU'd  all  the  brigbt'uing  sky, 
Aa  Motvoi  bnexe  camo  sweeping  softly  by. 
Af«»lli*d  mmd  the  bill  a  sweet  uu»rthly  itrain. 
And  the  glad  hoarens  poor'd  down  their  flowery  rain."] 

IB    ClMMKRIASlS   XKB    CatacoMBS    (5**"   S,    V. 

One  of  the  latest,  and  also  earliest,  accounts 

e  Cimnierians  ib  to  be  found  m  Smith's  In- 

MW*  of  Assurb^tnipalj  col.   3,   pp.   332,  333, 

Gygea,  King  of  Lydiu,  Is  repreaented  us 

two  Cimmerian  chiefs,  Trhom  he  had  taken, 

d  "in  strong  fetters  of  iron  and  bonds  of 

■  to  Asaurbanipal,  and  afterwards  the  Cim- 

come  and  Aweep  the  whole  of  his  country. 

me  sugjjeat  that  Cwmr}'  or  Kyniri    nic&ua 

1 J  nieiL  of  the  acms  or  comfjes^  a.s  spelt  in  the 

th — Anylidj  glensnien  or  daiesmen. 

X  1^.  Haiq, 

"Skid"  (5«»  S.  iv.  120,  335, 371.)— The  Swedish 
▼Ofd  tkid  never  sfgDifies  a  skate,  hat  may,  per- 
Inps^  be  tmnslattd  "snow-shoe."     In  Sweden  a 
Jstd  ii  A  h>ng,  thin,  light,  and  smooth  Btrip  of 
wood,  wbich  is  bound  under  the  foot,  the  wearers 
adwiji  reQiiiring,  unlike  skaters,  the  oftsistance  of 
A  pole  to  aelp  themselves  alonjr  over  fields  of  ice 
r.     The  phrases  *'att  h>pa  pA  8kid,"**att 
pi  tkidor,**  mean  *^  to  run  upon  snow-shoea." 
Swedish  word  for  ideate  is  Mkridsko  (skrid  from 
Tcrb   slrida  =  IceL   skrHSOj   A.-S.   icriiSan^ 
tchreitai,    EngL    Dial,   xkridt  or  scridt; 
,1 — r   j,,„y     »^,.^  p^  pj^  skridskor"  means  to 
Skkat's  remarks  are  lulminible,  a!i 
^     tire.     I  especially  desire  to  join  in  the 
rit  remonstrances,  to  which  he  has  bo  fre- 
Uivtri  uttrrimc, against  ignorant  dabbling 
nH?  no  surprises  Americans 
iJimiry  attempts  at  "deri- 
««&ia& "     which     thvy    so    constantly    hear    ol. 
I    su^ggest    to    all     persons    afflicted    with    the 
**  derivAliom "    mania  a   careful    study  of    Wei- 
gaud's  VtuUfht4  WoTiethtuhy  the  new  edition  of 
wbidi  is    appro; I  '  upletion.      Just    such 

m  wwk  to  mir  o»  i  would  be  the  greatest 

possible  boon  to  ituuL m .  ot  Kngliiih. 


e  Cornell  Unirtrwtf ,  IUuma,  U.S. 

^  >ctsjc  Latbau  {^  g,  iv.  513  ;  ▼.  56,  78.)— 
"■ddilion  to  the  works  on  this  taUitica  already 

fjiTcn  in  yonr  columns  there  have  been  the  follow- 
ing^ and  there  baa  also  been  an  Knglisb  edition  of 
Dr.  Lefebvre's  book  by  myself,  published  by 
Richardson  &  Son,  London,  1B72  : — 

1.  "  Les  Stigmatiseeii :  LoQiBe  Late^u  do  Boii  d'Haime 
et  Paltna  d'Oria/*  Par  Docteur  Imbert  Goorbeyra, 
2  vola.     Paris,  1S73. 

2.  •*  LaStigomtisfiedeBoisd'Hftine."  Par  Miyr.  ••♦♦. 
Parii.  16TI.  "  Rcctt  d'une  vigito  foitc  i  la  Stigmaiis^e." 
Par  M.  TAbbt:  de  MconevaL 

3.  "Louise  I^teau  van  Bois  d'Haine,  een  ittudiebetid 
Toor  do  positiere  wet«nBThap.**  I>oor  A.  J.  Hiko,  Amiter- 
dam,  1872- 

4.  "  Excursion  k  Bob  d'Hahae."  Par  M.  X,  LUle, 

In  answer  to  Apis,  Louise  Lateau  still  continues 
to  exhibit  the  same  phenomonii,  the  ecstasy  occur- 
ring every  Friday,  with  bfemorrbage  from  the  feet, 
hands,  side,  and  he^d.  Within  the  last  few  weeks, 
however,  she  has  been  growing;  gradually  weaker, 
and  when  I  last  heard  was  at  the  point  of  death. 

As  regards  the  letter  of  Dr.  Boens^  of  Charleroi, 
in  the  Mtdicul  JouTnal^  I  am  not  in  a  position  to 
give  a  categorical  denial  to  bis  assertion  thjit  she 
is  an  impostor.  I  must,  however,  record  my  iirra 
conviction  in  the  truth  of  Louise  Lateau 's  case,  for 
I  can  never  believe  that  such  a  heroine  of  charity 
as  she  ha.s  proved  herself  to  be  in  so  many  circum- 
Btances  of  her  life  could  ever  have  lent  herself  to 
such  a  miserable  fraud  as  Dr.  Botns  would  have 
us  believe. 

Dr.  Lefebvre,  who  is  one  of  the  most  able  men 
in  Belgium,  has  had  every  opportunity  of  making 
a  full  and  complete  study  of  her  case,  and  some  of 
the  te^ts  he  made  use  of  were  such  as  to  inllict  the 
mast  excruciating  pain.  At  first  distrustful — for 
he  acknowledges  that  at  the  outset  he  looked  upon 
her  as  an  impostor — he  finidly  tUclarcd  that  the 
bypoliesis  of  firaud  must  be  absolutely  discarded. 

Alore  than  a  hundred  medieid  men  from  all 
parts  of  Europe  have  examined  Louise  Lateau,  and 
all,  with  scarcely  an  exception,  accept  her  case  as 
genuine.  J.  S.  SHErABD. 


Apis  may  like  to  add  two  English  works  to  hin 
list  :— 

"  liouiic  Latean.  the  Ecstatica  of  Bols  d'Hainc-Trani- 
lated  from  tbo  French  by  J.  8,  8hepard ;  with  m  brief 
iketch  of  se?eraJ  fonntr  oaau  of  tb«  tUM  Ofttore.  Lon- 
don, 1872." 

This  contains  only  a  portion  of  Dr.  Lefebvre's 
work.  Dr.  Korthcote,  of  Osctitt,  has  published  a 
fall  translation,  which  was  brought  out  by  Burns 
&;  Gates  in  1873. 

Dr.  Imbert  Gonrbeyre  announced,  in  the  Vni- 
rcn  for  December,  1871,  his  inteotion  of  publish- 
ing a  work  entitled  L'Hisloire,  de^i  StujnuitiiffJt  d€ 
Bou  d^IIainc  tt  d'fhioy  but  1  do  not  know  whether 
this  was  ever  carried  out.         James  Britten. 

British  Museum. 

An  article  entitled  "  Louise  Lutean,  a  Biolo^caL 



[5*''  S.  V.  F£ 

Study,"  by  George  E.  Day,  M.D.^  F.R.S.,  late  Pro- 
fessor of  Medicine  nt  the  University  of  St.  Andrews, 
appeared  in  Macmillan's  Maijazine  for  April,  1871  i 
and  htm  been  recently  reprinted,  "  with  a  short 
record  of  additional  fiicts,"  by  W.  Parke,  High 
Street,  Wolverhampton^  pp.  24. 

Wm.  Pbngellt. 

[LouiM  Lateftti  hm  died  ainct  the  above  lines  were 
written.  8o  we  learn  from  our  worthy  French  contem- 
pomry,  L'Intetinediairf.  Jean  Wejer  (Piscinuriua),  in 
that  journal,  believes  that  Louise  Latcau  suffered  from  a 
malady  which  wms  aUowed  to  make  progreu,  and  that 
she  was  not  consciously  an  impostor.  The  Iniepntdiairt 
recommends  two  works  to  the  peniml  of  all  interested 
in  Buch  incidenla  aa  the  above  :— '*  Louiee  Lateau,  ou  la 
Stiismatisi-e  Be'ge,"  par  1e  Dncteur  Boumeville  (Pari*, 
DeJahaye},  and  **  Le  Christian iatne  au  XIX.  Biecle" 
(Parit,  Grasaart),  which  cootaina  two  or  three  articles 
on  Ibis  case.]       ^ 

Letters  and  Papers,  Forngn  and  Domutict  of  the 
Jieign  of  tfcnrtf  VIII.  Preserved  in  the 
Public  Record  Office,  the  British  Museuni,  and 
elsewhere  in  England.  Arranged  and  Catalogued 
by  J.  B.  Brewer,  M.  A.  Under  the  direction  of 
the  Mnstcr  of  the  Rolls,  and  with  the  snnctioD 
of  Her  Majesty's  Secretaries  of  Stjite.  Vol.  IV. 
In t  ro<l ti ct io n  and  A i>pen di x .  (Lo n gmana  &  Co. ) 
In  nearly  eeiren  hundred  pages  Mr.  Brewer  reviews 
the  momentoua  incidents  of  the  years  1524-30. 
These  pages  will  he  read  with  the  utmost  interest, 
both  for  the  importance  of  the  .subject  iiud  the 
ability  with  which  it  ia  treated.  We  feed,  however, 
that  Mr.  Brewer  has  gone  aomewhat  beyood  the 
limitji  ^^ithin  which  the  editors  of  this  ^eat  na- 
tional series  are  bound  to  keep.  The  nation  psvys 
for  the  urrnnglng  and  printing;  of  the  C4i]endars 
which  are  intended  lo  facilitate  the  researches  of 
historians  ;  but  it  never  intended  to  atford  oppor- 
tonitiefj  to  the  several  editors  to  pnt  forth  their 
own  views  on  fwlitics  or  religion.  Mr.  Brewer 
would  be  justified  in  maintaining  the  opinions  to 
which  he  givea  brilliant  expresfiion  in  this  Intro- 
duction, in  any  volume  which  he  choae  to  publish 
on  his  own  account  ;  but  we  think  he  lisis  over- 
leapt  his  right  in  a  work  which  ia  directed  by  the 
Master  of  the  RoDa,  and  is  sanctioned  by  Her  Ma- 
jesty's Secretaries  of  State.  On  these  officials 
weighs  a  responsibility  which  should  be  borne  in 
mind  by  the  editors  in  whom  they  place  confidence. 
We  aay  nothing  of  political  questions,  but  refer  to 
n  religiouH  one.  Mr.  BrewePa  pages^  illustrating 
his  own  view  of  "the  tme  origin  of  the  Reforma- 
tion," will  be  contested  by  ten  out  of  every  twelve 
readers  ;  and  all  their  chanu  of  style,  or  honest 
earnestness  of  expression,  C4»naot  pei^uade  us  that 
they  here  have  a  fitting  ptace.  We  notice  this 
mistake  with  profound  regret,  for  it  is  painful  to 
evea  hijit  censure  f^inet  an  editor  to  whom  the 

public  on  30  many  o<:casioQ3  bos  been  i 

The  (/era  Linda  BooJi.    From  a  Man  user 

Thirteenth  Century,  with  the  Permiss 

Proprietor,  C.  Over  De  Linden,  of  ih 

The  Original  Frisian  Text,  as  Verified 

0.  Ottenia,  accompanied  by  an  EngUal 

of  l>r.  Ottenm's  Dutdi  Translation. 

R.  Sandbach.     (Triibner  &  Co.) 

FsTo  English,  through  the  Dutch,  from  tb 

we  have  here  a&  wonderfid.  a  narrative  i 

Triiboer  &  Co.  have   ever  given   to  tl 

The  translator  allows   that  it  is  not  ea 

whether  the  Frisian  MS.  is  genuine  (no  o 

that  it  is  old)  or  a  forgGr5%    The  deta 

simple  and  trutii-Uke  as  those  ia  Itohimc 

but  nobody  can  go  further  than  allowir 

i»emhhioce.      The  Book  is   better  wort! 

thtm  Le  Voyage  dx  Jeune  Anacharsidf  1 

is  not  dry  or  pedantic,  and  it  is  as  miu 

anything  Peter  Wilkins    tells   about   t 

women.     We  can  only  add  that  PaOa 

will  have  to  look  to  her  pedigree,  for  Ih 

Minerva,  we  are  told,  was  a  maiden  from 

But  let  readers  hasten  to  open  this  volt 

endorse  the  words  in  the  Introduction  y 

that  **  there  is  nothing  in  the  Booh  tha 

ftcquainted  with  before." 

AuTUons  AMj  QcoTiTroNS  Waittkd,— 
'*  Forgrivc,  blest  Rhade,  the  tributary  tear 

Thut.  motirni  thiuo  exit  from  a  world  like 
**  They  dreamt  not  of  n  perishable  home, 

Who  tliu«  could  build." 
"If  tliou  would'st  learn  to  lore,  1 

Thou  first  must  tearti  to  hate."  I 


Athwart  the  darkness,  shaping  man." 

•'Angela  ever  bright  and  fair, 

Take^  oh,  take  me  to  your  care !  *' 
"If  the  ioul  immortal  be. 

Is  not  its  love  immoral  tool" 
"  I  cftnnot.  Lord,  Thy  purpose  see, 
Yet  all  is  well  since  ruled  by  Thee 
"  I  heard  a  little  bird  sing 
That  the  Parliament  captain  was  going  to  1 
"  When  the  news  came  from  NottitiKham, 
Tho  standard  was  unfurfti ; 
lien's  hearts  were  in  their  mouths,  I  wis, 
^Men's  braiuB  in  tumult  whirrd.'*         A- 

"  A  ti 
Sucks  kindlier  nurture  from  the  soil  cnri 
By  its  own  fallen  lenves,  and  man  Is  mad< 
In  heart  and  spirit  from  deciduous  hopes. 
And  things  that  seem  to  perish." 
Shortly  after  the  Duke  of  Wellington's  fi 
Dtijf  t>ftht  Funeral  was  publiahed.   Who  was  1 

'•  Be  good,  and  let  who  will  be  clever; 
l>o  noble  thing*,  not  dream  lliem,  all  daj 
Thus  raakirij^  life  and  the  great  vast  for  i 
One  graud  sweet  song." 

ft.  V.FcB.  5^,711 



tti  Lord  8«)dwicli.— 
■  MM  mrenied  U&lf  a  coat, 
Thrnber  liair  %  dinner" 

writtea  on  the  abore  noblemen  1 
8.  £.  J. 

t«»  Bam  pftccdad  fchoiv  qaoted  ? 
*'  Wlnt  tboof;^  my  eaten  be  poor, 
Tkke  ihem  \n  good  p«rt : 
BeCler  cheer  may  you  haTe, 
But  noC  ^tth  better  be&rt"         J.  J.  J. 
Ipv  ftfl  world  would  ope  itt  balf-elo«d  ejet, 
MCit  and  actors  cridcize  !  '* 

A.  G.  D. 
Soft  baltn J  aleep, 
TiMfomh  emblem  of  the  d^ui/*  kc, 

E.  P. 
Th«  frost  looked  forth  one  itiU  clear  ni^ht" 

Cbables  Elkiji  Matuews, 

Wei  of  til 

WHO  DA VI  PArLBH*"— C.  B.  T,  »endt  us 

tbo  following    extract  from  a    letter  from 

iloMiio  Mitford,  1823  {Corretpondence,  ja$i  pub- 

bf  bu  ton) :— "  All  the  critic*  in  the  patMsn  arc 

■al  pocii^  pmtoUT9,  and  tragedy  writers  who  bare 

fiMl4^    A  Meeesafui  tragedy,  and  by  a  lady,  rouaee  their 

I,  and  dAfnnfttion  ij  their  only  bulrn.    Be 

iw'*     What  we  really  want  now  are  earlier 

than  thoae  already  produced  io  "  N.  k  Q."—  pa«aages  from  Dryden  and  Joe  Haynet,  in  the 

^IhMttnQi  centiiry. 

&in.ETK   WORXS  OP   E&OIR    ALL4K    PoB.— In   *'  N 

<i..-  5»*  S.  ii.  105.  O.  L.  H.,  OreenTiIle.  Ala.,  after 

vnttf  attention  to  the  fact  that  the  book  adtrertiaed 

Mr.  Hottea  as  the  complete  works  of  I'oe  does  not 

itkki  wmc  of  the  poet's  lise^t  prodactionf,  remarks 

"w  complete  colleotion  of  Poe'a  writinp  ha*  yet 

pablbheci,  eren  in  America,'^  and  points  out  thai 

tlitect  native  edition  doej  not  include  the  papers  on 

'««gi»phy'*   and    "cryptography."      The  papers  ho 

kotiooa,  together  with  several  others  not  in  the  Ameri- 

^a«  eJicionj,  are  contained  in  the  complete  edition  uf 

'*•  vorki  publi*hed  by   Messrf.  A.  k  Q,   Black,  of 

Ifa^nrgb,  and  edited  by  Mr.  John  H.  Ingnm. 

ii  iAteresiin^  addition  has  just  been  made  to  the 

■fcetifflft  of  poTtraiti  in  the  rooms  of  the  Society  of 

|^qB*xies.     Mr.   OaTry,  the  new  President,  baa  Just 

PnwiUed  to  the  Society  a  capital  portrait,  by  Dahl,  of 

"Mliiai  Oldys^    It  is  the  picture  mentioned  in  the  Uttte 

^mt,  Solei  cm  and  6y  Oldtfif  reprinted  from  *'  N.  &  Q." 

*<Be  few  yean  since;  and  our  readers  will  agree  with 

«f  tkt  it  could  not  have  found  a  more  appropriate 

I  '*%-place.       ^ ___^ 

^tttitti  ta  CarxeipQnistnii, 

OliUcoQununications  should  be  written  the  name  end 
^^nm  of  tbo  sender,  not  neeessarily  for  publication^  but 
'**i|unuQ(M  of  good  faith. 

Tiu^u  G.— Perhaps  this  reply  will  be  of  more  use 

^i  tiie  insertion  of  so  long  a  query,  which  would  lend 

1^  Bi*lefs  controversy.    In  Father  Newman's  Ldtcr  to 

\^'  Gladstone,  published  a  year  ago,  the  writer,  at  [>.  *-j3. 

tjjwjiesthft  infallibility  of  Pope  CJregory  XI IL  when  he 

[^  a  medal    struck  in   honour   of   the   Bnrtholomi?w 

of  Paul  IV.  in  his  conduct  towards  Elizabeth  ; 

t*f  Sjitas    V-  when  ho   blessed  the  Armada  :  and  of 

Trban  VIII.  in  persecating  Galileo.     See  also  p.  IW, 

fof  iKe  case  of  Pope   HonoriuB.     This  pontiff  had  snp- 

r'  :  >  in  two  formal  letters  the    opinions  of  Sergiu<9^ 

'  1-    rrh  *'f  Conftiantinople,  who  had  been  declared  by 

'^-il.  caih  Council  ijuilty  uf  heresy  for  holding?  a  certaiTi 

HiKCHae  ub  the  personality  of  Jeaus  Christ.    Uonorius, 

above  forty  yeais  afUr  his  death,  was  condemned  bv 
anathema  a*  a  heretic  for  his  entire  concurrence  with 
Serginii's  opinioo.  Father  Newman  allows  that  thi«  is  a 
strong  ffrimdfactt  argument  against  the  Pope^s  doctrinal 
infallibility ;  but  he  sets  aside  the  argument  by  f>tatin^ 
that  Hooorius  wrote  the  two  letters,  not  as  pope,  but  as 
a  private  bishop, 

J.  U.  R.  wishes  us  to  make  a  note  of  tbe  **  novel  fact " 
that  a  performance  took  place  last  week  at  the  Durham 
Theatre  for  the  benefit  of  Tbomley  Church.  Tbe  pro- 
ceeding was  under  the  patronage  of  the  Re?.  Wm.  Mayor 
(the  vicar)  and  tbe  church  wardens,  and  appears  to  hare 
been  very  successful.  The  "fact,"  however,  is  not 
"novel."  When  OUo  was  played  at  Ox:ford  in  1713,  the 
sum  of  5^.  was  given  otjit  or  the  receipts  "  for  the  repain 
of  St.  Marr's  Church,"  Throughout  the  century  we  find 
records  of  benefita  for  the  building  or  repsiring  of 
churches  and  chapels,  for  opening  vsirds  in  hospitiUs,  for 
sufferers  from  fire,  for  redeeming  men  out  of  slavery,  and 
for  Lying-in  Hospitals  in  vrant  of  funds. 

llEiTBT  B.— "  Lord  Mayor."  The  prefix  of  «  lorxl "  Is 
commonly  said  to  have  been  granted  by  Edward  HI,  to 
tbe  mayor  of  London  in  13f>4.  In  that  year,  Thomas 
Leg^e.  ancestor  of  the  Earl  of  Dartmouth,  was  chief 
maf^istrate.  The  late  Mr.  B.  B.  Orridge  {Som«  A<xovm 
nf  ikt  Citi^fTLt  qf  London  and  iktir  RuUrg,  Tegg  k  Co., 
1867)  says, "  Lejzge  lent  money  to  Edward  IIL  end  married 
the  daughter  of  Thomas  Beauchamp,  Earl  of  Warvtick. 
He  was  behesdedin  2381  by  the  partisans  of  Wat  Tyler.'* 
The  title  "  lord  mayor  "  is  now  home  by  the  chief  civic 
ofGcor  of  London,  of  York,  and  of  Dubliu— only. 

F.  B.  D.— At  the  time  alluded  to,  "pardons  "  of  con- 
victed prisoners  were  granted  to  maids  of  honour  and 
other  r^rsons  about  Court  If  the  prisoners  could  buy 
their  pardons  of  those  who  held  the  power  to  j^rant  them, 
they  obtained  their  freedom ;  otherwise,  they  were  eold 
to  the  TraosatUntio  plantera 

C.  A.  W.— The  Eev,  Hamilton  Paul's  book  was  entitled 
Paul'g  Firtl  and  Second  EpisUu  to  tkt  dearly  litloTed  tkt 
Ffm*il<!  DiiripUs  or  Ftmalt  StudtnU  qf  Natural  PkUoio- 
fj/ti/  in  Anderson  i  Imtituiion,  Oltugovti.  It  i»  scarce;  so 
ij  his  edition  uf  Bums,  1819. 

"  Clostirf."— Our  correspondent,  writing  from  this 
classic  ground,  will  And  the  best  iiccount  of  the  wreck  of 
tlic  troop*sbip  Birkenhead,  off  Simon's  Ray,  Africa,  in 
the  TiewiipHpers  and  other  periodicals  of  the  periud,  1SG2. 

H.  T.  TiLLET,— Please  forward  us  the  instance  of  the 
bell  with  roynl  head  on  It,  referred  to  by  Mn.  ELLicojdtix, 
in  time  for  our  next  number. 

GeKEALOrilsT  is  requested  to  send  his  name  and  address. 
These  should  always  be  written  on  communicjitidnB, 

F.  B.  D.— The  story  in  question  is  the  result  of  a 
novelist's  imaginatioii. 

T-  T.  T.— The  foolish  prophecy  is  well  known,  snd 
is  modem. 

<ji.— ■"  For  fools  rush  in/'  Pope,  Euoy  on  Critiamf 
iiu  «i6* 

C— In  the  description  of  the  »hipwreck  in  Doit  Juan. 

C.  C. — "Curious  Hookn  "  ii  merely  ati  udvertisement. 

W.  S.  J.— The  cpituph  is  by  Heu  Juikoii. 

C.  S.  K.,  G.  E.  C  .  una  W.  G.  B.-NoleJ. 

A.  G.  D.  (Melbourne) -See  i'*'"  S.  iv.  'M(K 


Editorial  Commnnications  should  be  addressed  to  ^'  The 
Editor  of  'Notes  and  Queries*"— Advertisements  and 
Buiinesa  Lettem  to  "  The  Publisher  "—at  tbe  Office,  20. 
Wellington  Street,  Strand,  London,  W.C. 

We  beg  leave  to  state  that  t^e  deelirie  to  return  com- 
munications which,  for  any  reason,  we  do  not  print ;  and 
to  this  role  we  can  make  no  exception. 




JiMt  pubUtliAtl.  la  «ruwQ  ^^o.  price  iQw.  <5d 

to  Corr«l»t*oii  Kod  <Jostr*«t  A  N^w  TnoflatiuD  of  Swcdenboii^ 
Ttaetatfl,  '*I>e  Comintrcio  Animas  ct  CorporlB,"  vitb  Pnrliw*  and 
»«!«»    By  T.  H.  GORMjLN,  U.A..  Htrtford  C*I1b««.  OxfonL 

Bjr  Ui«  ume  Aathon 


TUgVrOBT.    3«.«dL 


DOCTAUrca   AK«wEiUfclatupHa«3«.6d: 

i:  lonomahs  ft  eo. 

By  tiifl  Rot.  A,  CLISSOLD^  M,A.,  Eielar  rollege,  Oatford. 

I'llETATIOK.    S  Toli.  -«. 

ILLUSTRATIONS  of  the  END  of  the  CHtlRCH, 

the    APOCA- 



LYPSE.    «Tt>li.SM. 

LETTER     to     the      VICE  •  CHANCELLOR 

OXFORD.    «.fld. 

THEOLOGICAL  WBiTipma.   a*. 


TnwUt    U.  «wli. 

If.  ed. 




TEACBING.    <ui, 

TURE.   II  Ocl. 

TRANSITION:  an  Illaatration  of  the  Doctrine  of 
The  CENTRE  of  UNITY  i  is  it  Charity  or  Autho- 

rUy?    sj. 

The  PROPHETIC  SPIRIT.     7«.  6 J. 


SJ  OrJ. 


8WEl>£NBOIlG.     U. 

SANCTA  COENA  -.  the  Holy  Supper  Ejq>huaBd.    2s. 

LoDdou:  LOJTOMASa  4  CO. 


Now  r«d J.  New  Edition  Ibr  IBM.  wHb  »ll  toe  new  Knlffbti. 

AtiK,  ka..  f-r  l»7«  (TbirtyBiith  Year),  dPOtilnlDsr  Ptan, 
Huoucti.  IvDljrht*.  Kclgbtii  of  Kht  BaUi,  da,  correctetl  thiiiugliuulou 
t4ie  hi^Mt  author]  ty. 

WHITTAKER   ft  CO,  Ire  Maria  LaDt; 
And  aki  BcKtkHllcri  in  Tdwq  or  Countrj. 


1-       r(FdlitTec«  ctf  urwanl*  uf  is.iWia   F»miU«.  »bowin*  Ib  mah  a 
"  Descent  frgm  Wiiiiwrn  the  Connurror.    «ieiiealiJ«fo  '  " 
A.  MILL,  s,  \\9llM  iitmt.  armj^i  Inn  Hoad.  W.O. 

do  «t!l  to  VUit  WM.  MASUN'ii  Lana  OOLLEOTlON  of 
ANTiQde  rullNlTURE.  Oil  PftintiiiM.  Htdklt,  Unnata,  fin«  Old 
t  hlna.  Kare  llooli*.,  lolnti.curioui  Walchei.  A alotRraph*,  ftare  KeaU^ 
fiae  Emcrarktij;!.  I'atDUajta  ob  Ivon,€anrcd  Ftamea.  dec.  at  Sffl,  rOKE 
UTfiEEr. (*T.  tiLKMEjira.  IPSWkJl.    KiUbllihed  1SI«. 


MENT8  in  alt  Newipap«rt.  M««wini»,  and  Period  jcaU. 
y  TtoM  fcrtraniartinf  bii»Ui<w.and  Liat  «f  lM>iid«ii  Pa|?«»,  to 

ADAMa  ft  nujfcjs. »».  nm  wtnt.  e.^ 


Hal  l^>(>«rn  r«l<)  b» 




lit  rttt 


lion.  A.  KLSHAIRD,  MP..  Chairman, 

Patd-up  Capital   and   Be«erv«  Fund.  461 80^000. 

Annual  laoome,  £flOO,000. 

Bn^Du  allowed  t«  Innireci  of  Five  Tean'  ■tandlafc 

ApplT  to  th«  Cletkt  at  tb«  Ballwmj  Statlona,  iha  Lwml  Agents,  t 




lAfht  it,  blow  out  thf  Ftamr.  and  at  it  moalder*  a  .  .« 
\apotir  will  rrM  Into  tlje  A|r.  U  p*r  Yard.  Sold  bj  Cbemiita^ 
Wbert.— Lal^ioratonr.  3^  New  Biond  tltrvet^  Loadaa. 

th«  greatctt  •cntritj  TronT,  th»  alttrki?  of  hurglart.  and 
ar«  rnlitlDK.     Patent  Latcttu and  I>«r«cUir  Lncks.     Ilioatrw 
Likta  a«tit  l'««t  Free. —C 11 13  KB  A  SON,  6?,  .♦^t  PaiU'i  Chi_ 
H,(: .  and  «S,  ^  Jain«*i  Strtet,  ^^  W. ;  59.  Lord  Stnei,  Lit 
M.  rroM  ^tre«t«  ManebHtcr ;  and  WolTerhampUin. 

GENTLEMEN    deairoua   of  having  their 
■Irturd  to  perfection  thould  supply  their  Laundrea*cai 


whfch  jni parts  a  trlllianey  andolaatiolty  sratifjiDR  alike  to  tb«  i 
offiebt  acd  touch. 


RNISH    your   BOUSE   or   APARTMEUM 


^j«At.and  tnoit  liberal.    OaahpriM*:  wt  utra  oharge  for  tlm« 
Lam  iiMful  Ht'L^ck  toielect  rroao.    lUuatratfd  Price  Calalocua.* 
Tornij,  post  fret.  —tU  aads&o.  Tottenham  Cunrt  Road.  Eatabtiibedl 



1^2,  Fkcfc  Street  {Comer  of  Chancery  L«De). 

NOTE  PAPER,  rr(«in  or  Blue,  li.,<U.,fi«..RDdf*.  ii«rrt*a. 
RNVEL:>PKK,f'rrau)  or  B]ut.^it.  04L.  Aj.  StL.andtfa.  «d.  pw  l/ML 
TUE  TEMPLE  ENVELOPE,  with  Hitch  Imjcr  Flar« :••  l«r »«lk 
8TRAW  PAPKR_tmrroT6d  quality.  U.  <dL  per  ream. 
Put  iL^^A  P.  Hand-m«dt-  Outild««,  B«.  ad.  per  mm. 
PLAiK-GoKivEKKD  NOT?:,  U-  at»d«attf.  ptf  ream. 
tlLA^K-rsORDERHI)  ENVELOPRA,  It.  per  lO^-Huper  thick qad 
TINTE1>  LINED  NoTE.  for  Homo  or  Fortign  C^^nmpfmdmmi 

eolours),  0  'luirtii  f  >r  it.  Ud. 
CULUURBD  HTA5IPIN0   (R*liefl.  reduced  to  4*.  ed  per  nan 

B§.  Bd  Her  1,000,      Poliahed  sUe\   Crest  Die*  cnBXurti  ttum 

MoDorraDit.  two  iettrri,  from  Ot. ;  thrco  lett«ri,  frum  74.    BotUi 

or  Addna  Dies,  from  3«. 
SER  Mi>N  PAPER,  plain.  U.  ptT  ream  :  Bul#d  ditto.  4«.  Qd. 
SCHOOL  STATIONKHV  «iiprlled  on  (b«  ma«t  liberal  ttnat- 

MHatTmieil  Price   List  of  lukttandi,  lle«pAtcb   Il'tica,  ^t*lipa 
CablnetJi,  Poatac*  Ckale««  WriUOg  CaMCi  Portxalt 

(EsTABUiavD  )64L| 

The  VeUum  Wove  CIub-House  Paper, 

Ifanufactared  evpre»ly  to  meti  miulvfrwDjr  fxprriennMl  waut.  l 
paprr  which  •hall  in  Utelt  cijmbiu*  a  perfectly  uiuwlh  turfaM  \ 
total  frBwluiiJ  from  j?reaic. 

The  New  Vellum  VTowe  Clnb>B<mse  Pap« 

will  bv  found  to  ponautbcaepeculiarit^i""— '^ ">'•'' i-  >-'- "Tn^Mi^f 
thebeat  linen  ran  oolriPmwuiDK  trrc^"'  'ttr 

praeattoff  a  lurnct  aQtudly  well  adapl<  1  . 

all  oiben  tor  amoothDeM  of  enrfkoe.  dellca -v  of  r .r.l  lor.  Iinnneia 
luTf.  entire  ab«eDC«  of  an;  twlounng  roatur  or  Iniutitiua  ehai 
t4rnding  to  impair  Ita  durability  or  in  any  way  afTeetTne  1r»  writiaa 

£ertieB  -A  tsamplft  Packet,  ooutaiiUnff  au  AMortmeDt  of  tha 
li«a,  poft  free  for  S4  Staxopa. 

PAKTRIDQE  ft  COOPER,  MuulkAtnmi  and  Self 
FlMt  Strati,  E.U. 




r,  rsBRUARru,  isri. 

C05TKNT8,— N*  111. 

tmtMMBni.Ai-iVLTt'£  Ln  tlu>  Lact  Centtuy^  121— 
t^Mk  %'->'■'  vriteni,   «!<! 

1B#^  IN  Souther  ou 

mam  IV'     ,  The  French 

ftn^  l24'-r«»li«:L  l'.ka4^«d^"  iiupplemenl  to 
^^  * CfentrehTurd '  (frDin  an  Amerioia  paper!," 
~    ~  '  >rpe  Park :  a,  laa^  BcaRh  from 

to  WftnvlQluailrs  —  *' Bonnla  Anni© 

•♦Toot  In  BooUmnd "  —  PenuMit** 
11k  Loiidlti«iitl«  "^Etj'mo- 
Cftbiii«t,  16:S,  127— 
I  —  Cockoo=Cuckolil  —  "  Two 
BUtoir«  d«a  Troubla 
I— Pipe's  Ground— WcUlngtOQ 
"  jnli,'  123— Whv  is  E**ter  on 
-FUacf*  **B\Mtorj  ot  Retford  "= 
fffcw  ritiiiM  at  OutU— Navy  Enirnjfvineni- 
llin»— Vtttoiu— "Tbo  MfttcriooB  (leattomAtt" 
aflftoodOlftoy"  120. 

i»  Gipriaa,  tS9— ilQiot]'«  For««tr7— Aicertcan- 
Mfelttf  Hmatl^— "  L*fly  Helps "—Un  PritcbArd • 
\  t3S— Waterloo  Bridge -OirislmiLi  9iliiM)iiieni 
1131— >o,nh  Attornef  — John  Adolphu*— G. 
ttjfx:-  )[ors«ft— linea  on  the  Letter  II, 

fclJ/-  .viU- J.  Dawson— B,  Brandon 

aint  ^    Ltella    Filijame*— Henick   aad 

6— lUnkili:— HkathiK  Literatan-Bofftl  HcwU 
Ihi  Saeictx  of  Friends— Wbipptar  Dog*  out  of 
m  thm  MMtara  of  Lancna^rc.  lit<l  -Doublo  Chna' 
^•Ff'tUfintiimli'jti  i'ljtiroli  Plutt' —  Major  P. 
|»  OUIfmUani  nf  Flxf^jcutor;)  —  "  Intoxicating  "— 
on  Ilallft— The  "(iianU'  (;rave»**»t  Pen- 
137— Woiiion'a  Klgbu-Leaaes  for  DU  or 
i"— PUOolopc*!,  1J9. 

id  by  the  SiH^ioty  inttitatod  in  Lon- 
racetjjeot  of  Arta,  Manafacturet,  aad 
m,  1761." 

[>blK  of  which  the  above  iai  the  title  b 
6  oi  showings  by  the  present  attite  of 
,  arts,  and  maQtifacturcs,  how  useless  it 
reruiuTTiH  for  the  production  of  tilings. 
the  DAttirc  of  the  soil  or  tho  genina  of 
Tbua  we  find  a  gold  rnedjil  olFered 
log  out  in  the  year  1763  the  greatest 
white  pine,  commonly  cidle<i  lyj^rd 
|MiMrW|he  New  Eaghmd  piiic  — 
HHHI^Mbr  masts  "  :  tlmt  '^  hees- 
IRHnT^Rclet  a  gold  merhil  will  be 
It  pcnon  who  shall  erect  un  apiary  for 
g^  thut  "aeren  hundred  pounds  will 
^bcoumge  the  rabing  of  hemp  in  all 
Ka  and  Wales/' 

^Be  olf o  offered  for  strange  objects : 
■pounds  for  inrenting  the  best  mc- 
TCctly  purifying  cloude*!  cornelians  or 
'fifljr  pounds  for  the  diacovm' of  any 
f>o«itioa  of  a  very  stront;;  and  lasting 
Umj  laarkijig  of  sheep,  which  will  benr 
, proper  time,  and  not  damnge  the 

wool,  as  pitch,  tar,  &c.,  do  ;  to  be  produced  oa  or 
bit  fore  the  last  Tuesday  in  February,  1762." 

Some  of  the  "premiums  for  promoting  polite 
arts"  are,  it  must  be  confessed,  hurgCt  wlien  we 
recall  the  prices  for  which  Hojfarlh  sold  his  pic- 
ture*. Thu?,  for  the  best  drawing  in  chalks,  from 
A  sLttue,  twentj'-tive  guineas  lum  promised ;  and 
for  the  best  drawing  of  a  landscape  from  nature^ 
with  chalk,  pen,  indian  ink^  or  bbter,  tlurty 
guineaa.  And  the  other  premiums  for  drawing 
tuid  en;;niving  are  in  proportion  as  large.  Paint- 
ing doed  not,  however,  receive  much  encourag«>nient. 
r)nly  one  hundred  guineas  are  prfimised  "  for  the 
best  original  hi.storical  picture,  the  subject  to  be 
tiiken  from  British  historj'  only,  cont4iining  not 
leaa  than  three  human  figures  us  large  as  life"; 
and  Hfty  guincaa  "  for  the  best  origin^  landscape 
on  a  caoTos  six  feet  four  inches  long  and  four 
feet  six  inches  high.''  This  is  remarkable  ;  nor 
are  the  conditions  under  which  the  pictures  are 
admisaible  less  so.     We  are  told, — 

"  Proof  mu^t  be  made  to  the  Rntisf action  of  tho  society, 
that  th«  >vhole  ofeAch  picture  vru  pitrntcd  in  England, 
and  nnce  the  Ibt  of  January,  1701.  The  picturea  to  be 
delivered  without  framea  to  the  register  of  the  society, 
on  or  before  tho  second  Tuesday  in  March,  1762 ;  and 
those  which  gttin  promiumA  must  romam  with  the  so- 
ciety two  months  alter  tlie  decieion," 

<)oe  hundred  guineas  is  the  i>rcmium  offered 
for  the  best  life-size  statue  in  uiarble. 

For  silk  gloves  and  niita,  like  the  French,  a 
premium  of  thirty  guineaa  is  promised ;  and  an- 
other for  knitted  hose.  The  following  is  also 
curiaua.    A  premium  will  be  given — 

"  For  the  best  carpet  in  pftttcm,  ralours,  and  work, 
made  in  the  loom  upon  the  iirinciplc  of  the  Turkey  car- 
peti,  in  any  workhouse  or  hou«e  of  ch-^rity^  by  Vroioen  or 
girls  rrlw  imve  not  been  employed  before  in  any  sach 
work  or  raanufacture,  the  same  not  being  1cm  thnn  two 
and  a  half  yards  long  and  one  and  a  half  broad  ;  to  ba 
produced  on  or  before  the  socond  Tuesday  in  December, 
17tjl>  fifteen  guineaa.     For  the  second  best,  ten  Kuineait. 

"N.B.  A  certificate  wilJ  be  required  of  the  directors  or 
Kovemon  of  such  workhouse  or  charity  house,  or  any 
three  of  them,  thut  the  same  w»9  made  or  manufacture^ 
by  women  or  children  auTtpurtcd  in  such  workhouse  or 
charity  houfe,  and  uiuler  tiie  circumstAncea  above  men- 

In  the  next  pag* — 

**  A  strong  clotli  beini?  prenarad  in  Sweden  from  hop 
stalkf!  or  hinda.  the  sgicicty  wiil  give  a  premium  of  fifty 
pounds  for  the  best  and  j,;raate«t  quantity  of  such  clotli 
(not  iess  than  one  hundred  and  fifty  ella),  made  in  Eng- 
Jandf  and  produced  to  the  fociety  on  or  before  the  second 
Tuesday  in  December.  17 Oh  8econd  premium,  twenty- 
five  pounds. 

♦'The  hop  stalks  or  binds  aru  to  be  collected  in  au- 
tumn, put  into  water,  and  covered  therewith  the  whole 
winter*  In  March  they  are  to  be  taken  out,  dried  in  a 
BtoTo,  and  dressed  as  fldx.  The  ]irepared  filaments  will 
be  fme.  toft,  and  white,  and  may  be  spun  and  woven  into 
cloth.  Hop  stalks  require  a  longer  time  to  rot  thau 
flax ;  and  if  not  completely  tnaferated  the  woody  part 
will  not  separato,  nor  the  cloth  prove  white  and  £jie/* 

Thirty  pounds  are  offered  for  the  best  model  of 

"A  tttild  medAl  will  ht  pven  for  ibt  I1C0I  trMtiao  oa 

the  B.rt«  of  iMfftce,  cont&ining  an  hiatorica)  account  of 
Uie  pM'iprewtTe  ituproTemettU  of  a^rrictikure,  mtuiufuc- 
turw,  and  cotumerce,  in  that  part  of  Great  Britain  called 
BniclAnd,  with  tho  ejects  of  those  improvemfnts  on  the 
nxmtii  and  manners  of  the  people,  and  pointing  out  the 
inri«t  practical  meant  of  their  future  adrancemenc.  All 
trt-attM-f  iu  \yo  Milt  in  to  the  society  on  or  before  the 

•econd  Wednesday  in  December^ 
Athford,  Kent 

KkLvn  N.  Jamjcs. 





(CoHiinH&tfrom  p.  82.) 

Otiifftkind  — "  Le  sysi^mc  de  iucce«sion  en  usage  p&nni 
Ion  Helt'tt  irisndais,  et  que  les  juristea  aDf;lai«  ont  appel^ 
ffati''      '  '  iiible  A  cclui  qu'on  rencontre   dans  les 

com.  'L-   fainille  ou  zadrut/<u  serbe*/' — E.  de 

Lav  /,.»  Diux  Mondft,  15  Arril,  1875,  p.  79J>. 

GktiiuUnttHi  (Enu;l.  genially), — *'C«tto  peinture  si 
gvuialemsnt  ani;laiM/' — Tb«  Gautler,  Lt$  StauxArlt  en 
Enrop*,  f  ol.  i.  ii.  13, 

Ofnil<man  (u8«d  at  on  adjfctirc). — "  C'est  un  art  par- 
ticulier  H  art  anglaiil,  raffinti  ju«(^n*4  la  maniere,  bizurre 
)a»qii4  la  cbinoiteriep  mats  totiuours  aristocratlque  et 
g«Dt1i'man/*— Id.  ifcuf.,  L  7. 

Ow—'*  Mias  RoTol  ...  vvtnait  d*ftnpifer  aa  10m met  de 
In  collino  dauB  un  ffip  qu'elk  conduirait  elle-m/'Uie."— 
V.  Cherbiiltez,  Mitt  Rovtl,  \l ;  Rev.  d<$  DtMX  Moadu, 
16Dio„  1874.  p.  7::a 

(VrainiB/?.— "  En  Angloterre  on  en  trouve  une  autre 

Mpiccfjiuc  leiaoteura  nomment  Graining Pournouf, 

to  Ofiixninp  C6t  Ic  l>nrd  fran^'^i^^.  ou  une  Tarittt  iiiKignili- 
anlo  de  IVip'-'ce.**— H,  do  La  Blanchcre.  in  Dr,  Chenu, 
Ltt  Trois  fUgnei  de  la  Xaturif,  l^'IS,  p.  389. 

fhttnbaek  — '*  A  Toir  comment  tous  ces  gens  d^psnuent 
lu§  /jrecnbach  et  les  jettent  au  rent,  on  dirait  qu'iU  n'ont 

S[u'rt  frnppcr  rfu  pied  pour  les  faire  sortir  r?e  terre."— 
J.  Simoiiin,  Jttv.  dtt  Dfux  Mondr$.  V  Atril,  LST3,  p  570. 

I'JauT.,  1875,1 
notre  campeme 
luiaret  [d'Hcbr 
E.  Melclior  de 
Rew.  dtt  Deux  J 

librement  sur  k 
federal  t n  retov 
loi  de  hoiauiUac 
a  Uquelle  a  dro 
(ttc.  cii ,  V  AtHI 

tJommork    {9i 
naircment  un 
d'une   ipaisse  ' 
litrue  da  Deux 

prtccdu  d'un  dt 
hort€fj>'.ard4^  U 
R^Tille,  Lt  M<tj 
Rctiu  da  Deux 

Humbug, — "  I 
i\  Tit  d'expc'diet 
15  Mam,  1875, 1 

IIumii*ock. — " 
dea  montagnes  I 
Blanchirc,  in  I> 

loherg,—  ^*  Di 
vmina}  6c  beui 
ngglom  orations 
rautre."— J.  Oa 
1S75.  p.  712. 

Jncorpori  (wi 
which  does  not 
moment  aussi  * 
enfans  des  rues 
ansapri^a  elle  £1 
par  un  acie  de  h 
L.  Simonln,  lor. 
Tille  [Chicago] 
organisation  m 
1'  ATfil,  ISTfl,  p 

incumhtni, — *' 
dcpiiis  psn  Yin 

—i !J rn L_ 



4i  Kiiig-Charlei.""J.  La  Valine.  Za 

'i«  nom  de   A''ntl&br&r)c2yr...eert  A 

ftux  Etatt-Unii  les  dcMendana 

nd&is.     Ce  nom.  qu'nucun   dlc- 

ei  duQi  on  ctnnait  encore  mobii 

How  far  i«  th«  Mtertion  correct) 

JiMSon'i   Dicttanary  of  th*  French 

nillan  k  Co.,  1874  :  ♦'  Kmcker- 

f/'],  parait  aroir   ^le  primi- 

dcmnnit  aux  calotte*  courtea  que 

iinm!grftiu."--L.  Simonin,  loc.  eit, 

-" n  rXtiwlcon  III]  n'*ntendftit  put 
liptra  ue  Habflboarg  «t  Tairc  r6gner  1« 
■  do  »md  juaqu'^  TAdrifttique,  ainti  que 
Ehment  ikdinis  lea  iDtrmsigcftHi  et  I&i  /-now- 

Iapp  de  nfttionalitd."— Julian  Klaczko, 
J  Jtn,  del  Deux  Mondet,  15  Aouk,  1875j 

He>f.i  GAUSSKBoar. 
(To  he  continmd.) 

jjr's  letters  were  no  less  remark- 
firatltj  than  for  quality,  the  Times 
htm  *s  "countless"  imxlels  of  pure 
fc  1847  Josepli  Cottle,  of  BriHtol, 
^mber  of  Southey's  letters  in  his 
^Ki:^  ^mucl  Taylor  Coleruige  and 
^g,-  six  voliiTnes  of  Southey's  Cor- 
W$tepnh\lBhvd  in  1849  by  his  son,  the 
I  Cuthbert  Southey  ;  and  four  more 
ed  Tohtmes  were  issued  in  18f>6  under 
ip  of  the  poet's  son-in-hiw,  the  Rev.  J. 
&r,  B.D,  ;  yet  I  believe  a  large  nuuiher 
letters  remain  tmprtnted.  I  enclose 
»py  of  one  in  my  posaesaion,  which  Js 
teristic,  and  may  be  interesting  to 
&  Q."  03  showing  the  laureate's 
rh»t  kind  of  poetry  wiis  saleable, 
"  the  nf>  market-T»lne  of  "minor 
_  "Keiwick,  MajlO,  1816. 

fmobnhly  learnt  from  tbe  novripap^r*  that 
Den  your  packet  arrived  we  were  auffcr tng 
eriMt  of  all  afflicticin.«i,  tht  low  of  our  ooljr 
>  son  one  of  the  mo«t  boiivful  tn  tyeTV 
rer  parents  wore  blest  with.  Under  iuch 
only  a  firm,  a  liTelj,  and  an  abiding  faith 
>port  us. 

iror«  in  tnj  power  to  render  any  Berrico  to 
[ra.  St«ele,  or  to  olTer  her  anj  ueef ul  ailrice. 
ponMisee  great  ({Qniue,  and  vamnj  pttrts  of 
\  Tcry  beautiful  both  in  feeling  and  ex- 
Ottld  not  say  this  unlets  1  thought  flo>  But 
kallen  are  not  fond  of  publishing  poetry 
from  some  known  Dtme.  for  otherwise  not 
fifty  pays  the  expense  of  pubticatloa. 
tfective  m  story*  The  beat  way,  as  it  appeara 
sh  your  friend  could  exercise  and  iuprore 
^  taking  some  story  from  Romivn^  Eutem, 
~  clothing  it  in  Terse.    Great  poeta  bare 

not  disdained  to  do  thu.  Id  ilbti  way  I  feel  confident 
that,  iTiV/i  hir  powfn,  abe  wonld  diatinguisb  herself 
greatly,  and  the  habit«  of  narrative,  invention,  and 
arrangement  would  gradaatly  be  Required.  It  would  bo 
doing  injuBtice  to  my  own  feelings  if  I  did  not  rejicat  that 
the  present  rolume  lieara  the  be^t  marks  of  promise,  and 
that  every  person  to  vihoin  1  hare  shown  it  has  admired 
it  very  much. 

*'  >li(.ry  is  a  sad  inralid  ;  the  greater  pjirt  of  her  time 
ia  p&fsed  in  a  state  of  suffering  from  complaints  which  in 
no  degree  endanger  life,  but  deprive  it  of  almost  all  cnjoy- 
njent.  There  are^  howeTer^  interrala  when,  it  appears  as 
if  she  ailfd  nothing.  Robert  i*  atill  with  Mr  Ponle  ;  hia 
apprenticeship  will  expire  next  year*  and  tbea,  of  course, 
we  fhall  be  anxious  concerning  him.  He  has  been 
seriously  indispoicd  ibis  spring  with  an  obstinate  cough 
of  some  montlts*  Btanding,  which  is  now  giving  way. 

"  For  ouraclveii,  till  this  lute  affliction  (the  heaviest 
which  could  pos»ibty  have  befallen  us),  no  persons  were 
more  abur;da,ntly  blessed.  And  we  have  stilJ  more 
bleiaings  thin  fhll  to  the  lot  of  the  greater  pari  of  man- 
kind,  though  the  flower  of  our  hopes  and  hapiiinobs  is 
cut  off.  We  afo  both  beginning  to  show  the  hand  of 
time.  My  own  head  ii  thickly  sjidnkled  with  grey  hairs, 
but  the  Ittst  two  months  have  done  more  townrds  de- 
priving mo  of  a  youthful  hilarity  of  spirits  than  the 
cuurse  of  years  perhaps  would  ever  have  accomplishtd. 
Wc  have  four  girla,  the  eldest  has  just  completed  her 
twelfth  year,  the  youngest  is  about  three  ;  they  are  all 
in  good  health  at  present,  and  as  happy  as  they  can  be. 

"Mary  and  her  iisters  Join  in  kindest  remembrances, 
— Iklieve  me,  yours  very  sincerely, 

*'  EoBEET   SoUTHET, 

*'  Wo  should  be  truly  rejtijced  if  any  circum^jiatico 
should  ever  lead  you  this  way." 

Adiiressed  :— 

"To  Mlfa  Lovell.  with  Benjamin  Ball,  Esq., 37« Leeion 
street,  Dublin."     [Postage,  1#.  'Id.} 

This  Miss  Lovell  was  a  aiater  of  Southey's 
brother-in-law,  Robert  Lovell,  of  whom  I  gave  n. 
short  account  in  "  N.  &  Q./'  4*»»  S.  v.  17!.  She 
died  nboiit  aeven  years  ago,  upwards  of  eighty 
years  of  nge,  being  remarkable  for  iwasesaion  of 
all  her  fiicultiea  and  great  clearness  of  memory. 
The  Matv  referred  to  in  thia  letter  was  the  wife  of 
Koberfc  LoveU,  and  sister  of  Southey's  first  wife. 
She  resided  at  Keswick,  with  the  poet,  and 
*' there,"  says  the  Timti,  "she  found  happiness 
until  his  death."  Her  son,  Robert  Lovell  the 
younger,  Southey  apprenticed,  and  took  a  warm 
interest  in  hi«  Widfsvre  untd  hh  mysterious  fate  in 
1830  (see  "  N.  &  Q.,"  ut  iUfrm). 

Who  Mrs.  Steele  was,  of  what  works  she  was 
the  author,  and  whether  she  carried  out  Southey'« 
ad  V  ice,  I  have  no  means  of  knowing.  Presumably 
other  readers  of  "  N.  &  Q."  are  more  fortunate, 
and  hence  the  possible  interest  of  this  letter  to 
them.  S.  R.  Townshend  Mayer, 

Klchmond,  Surrey, 


The  Intluence  of  Folk-Lore  oif  a  F.B.S. 
— The  following?  extract  from  the  Antohimjiaphif 
of  Dt.  a.  B,  UranvilU,  M.D.,  F.R.i^.  (LondoD, 




H.  S.  King  &  Co.,  1874\  may  be  fitly  presented  to 
the  readers  of  "  X.  &  Q."  :— 

"  Some  of  my  readers  will  feci  disnoecJ  to  laugh  oat- 
right  at  a  learned  doctor  admitting  no  is  an  inveterate 
believer  in  all  sorts  of  popular  suptmtitidns,  forebodings, 
and  presentiments.  I  am  alarmed  at  the  spilling  of  a 
salt  cellar ;  I  dou't  like  to  meet  a  hearse  while  going  out 
of  the  street  door ;  I  would  not  undcrthke  a  journey  or 
any  important  work  on  a  Friday;  and  the  breaking  of  a 
lookiiiggbss  would  throw  mc  into  fits.  Now  this  mom' 
ing,*  soon  after  our  ii'te-»\-UHe  ihjtiiner,  I  became  sud- 
denly  depressed  in  spirits,  to  such  a  degree  that  my  fur 
hostess  fancied  I  hiid  been  taken  ill.  This  state  of 
nervousness  and  depression  endured  after  I  had  retired 
to  my  hotel,  and  was  making  ready  my  lu-rgage  for  niy 
positive  de|>arturc  at  noon  on  the  succeeding  day,  leaving 
oat  only  the  evening  dro^s  for  the  dinner  and  opera. 
On  taking  my  place  at  dinner  tho  knife  and  fork  laid 
before  ine  crossway  suirtlcd  me  (I  dare  eay  I  turned 
pale),  but  I  said  nothing.  Tb.oro  wcnj  two  attendants. 
At  the  next  course  the  other  valet  replaced  my  plate» 
and  again  the  f:ital  cto^a  was  laid  1)efore  me  I  I  looked 
round  to  the  three  i;;uc3t3  to  sec  if  it  was  tho  habit  of 
the  servantt)  of  the  hou;!io  ;  they  ha<.l  no  cross,  only  the 
doctor  :  and  ugain  the  third  time  tho  same  {symbol  made 
its  appearance  before  mo  with  the  netting  of  the  desflc-rt 
and  correspondinir  p1ati*i>  with  gilt  knife  and  fork,  the 
two  latter  of  which  artiflca  npiin  contrived  to  be  laid 
down  in  a  crucial  form.  Ah  !  now  there  was  no  mistake. 
Some  great  crossing  was  about  to  befall  me.  I  had  bet- 
ter shut  myself  up  for  the  rest  of  tho  day,  give  \x\t  the 
proposed  drive  and  tho  oiiera,  und  wait  until  I  can 
escape  iu  the  mominj;  from  the  doomed  city.  To  make 
matters  still  more  formidable,  I  foimd.  on  looking  at  my 
ciilendur,  that  it  was  Friday.  All  this  mind-work  I  of 
course  kept  to  myfclf,  albeit  I  must  bnvo  appeared 
rather  more  stupid  thau  was  my  wont." — Vol.  i.  p.  -llo, 

A  few  hours  later  I>r.  Oranvillo  wii5  arrested. 
So  much  for  prophotic  cutlery.       St.  Switiiin. 

A  Folk-Lorf:  SoriETY. — I  am  not  alone  in 
thinkin{T  it  hi.i,'li  time  that  stops  should  be  tukcn 
to  form  a  .society  for  coliectiuL:,  arnm;;in<?,  and 
printing  all  the 'scattered  bit:*  of  folk-lore  which 
wo.  read  of  in  books  and  hear  of  in  the  tlesli.  Such 
a  society  should  not  confine  it*;  labours  to  the 
folk-lore  of  our  own  land,  but  i^houM  have  members 
and  workers  everywhere.  St.  Switiiin. 


Ilf'ftoirc  dn  I.h'f,-'f  ikg  Arrhiiya  fhx  AjTaivf  Kh'ann<rM 

n  Pans  an   Louvre  en  1710,  «>  Vtrsnifhs  tii  17H.»,  t(  de 

noutyau  *'i  Paris  en  Diver*  Eiulroits  diy.ivs  ITiuJ.     Par 

Armand  Boschct.    Svo.    Paris,  Plon. 

(Cuncludiii^  Article.) 

We  now  come  to  the  last  division  of  M.  Ijaschet's 
work,  includinjr  the  sjiiice  of  time  which  htus 
elap.«!ed  between  1700  and  1853.  A  number  of 
well-known  names  meet  us  at  almost  every  .step 
in  this  interestinf;  gallery  of  portraits  :  Anquetil, 
Soulavie,  Lemontey,  Bignon,  and  Saint-Priest,  to 
say  nothing  of  the  keepers  of  the  Record  Office 

"  On  a  day  in  1814,  when  the  Doctor  was  at  Bologna, 
and  the  guest  of  Madame  Martinetti. 

themselves,  men  who  have  obtainfid  azid  desentc 
European  celebrity. 

Count  d'Hauterive  must  first  be  mmtiawe 
here.  A  friend  of  Talleyrand,  oonrteoos  aai 
obliging  in  private  life,  jpor/at«  gtniiJhommtM 
doggedly  resolved  upon  keeping  the  Foreign  Ofia 
papers  unsullied  by  the  hands  of  hLBtoncal  sto- 
dents,  he  would  have  deemed  the  communicatia 
of  the  treaty  between  Karl  the  Bald  and  Lndwif 
the  German  fraught  with  danger  to  the  state,  t 
was  during  Count  d^Hautcrivc's  administxatki 
that  Lemontey  and  Sir  James  Mackintosh  obtuaii 
l)ermis8ion  to  make  transcripts  from  the  docuoMBli 
preser^-ed  in  the  Depot  des  Relations  Exterifon^ 
the  former  for  the  history  of  the  reign  of  Louis  XT, 
the  latter  for  his  account  of  the  Revolution  of  16% 
The  dragon  who  watched  with  such  jealous  cm 
the  diplomatic  garden  of  the  Hesperides  wasoUigii 
to  yield  ;  but,  if  he  could  not  wreak  his  vengeB* 
up^tn  the  Knglish  statesman,  ho  made,  at  anynt^ 
I-K?montey's  heirs  smart  for  it.  Immediately  ate 
tlie  historian's  death,  all  hU  papers,  notes,  and  MS& 
were  seized  and  confisciited,  and  the  frozdU  k 
Trihvnav.i'  for  Au<;ust,  1S26,  contains  the  detdi 
of  the  lawsuit  which  resulted  from  that  uawamii- 
able  act  of  adininistrntive  caprice. 

To  Count  d'Hauterive  succeeded,  in  1630;  3L 
Mignet,  the  present  distinguished  secretary  of  tk 
Academic  des  Sciences  Morales  et  Politiqoft 
Thanks  to  ^I.  ( iuizot's  initiative,  a  vigorous  impeM 
Iiad  been  given  to  historical  studies,  and  M.  BaicU 
takes  the  opportunity  of  appreciating  in  detail  tb 
results  of  this  s[>ecies  of  scientific  revival,  pajitf 
at  the  same  time  a  tribute  of  just  praise  to ik 
learned  editor  of  the  ycgociations  relatira  ih 

I  shall  say  nuthin;,'  of  Mes.<;r«.  Carteron  ad 
Cintnit,  who  occupied  successivelj'  the  post  whiA 
M.  Tilignet  left  vacant  when  the  Revolution  rf 
iSls  bn>ke  out.  AE.  Prosper  Faugore,  on  the  od* 
hand,  deserves  a  distinct  notice ;  and  I  wish  I 
could  translate  i>t  e^r.temo  M.  Boschct 's  bio^iaphicil 
sketch  of  this  excellent  French  schohir.*  Bat  I 
must  forbear,  and  renuiin  satisfied  with  alludinj 
to  the  controversy  which  broke  out  between  hi« 
II nd  M.  Victor  Cousin  on  the  subject  of  PasJoTi 
/Vw^v'cj?,  the  latter  not  only  maintaining  that  di 
austere  Port- Royalist  was  in  love,  but  tr^^ingtoftrf 
out  what  lady  had  succeeded  in  winning  his  a&fr 
tion  ;  the  former  indignantly  protesting  ogaiiisfi 
the  cynicism  which  transformed  Pascal  into  a  kirf 
of  inamorato.  These  literary  debates,  howerei^ 
have  nothing  to  do  with  M.Faugeres  fitness  f* 
his  post  m  Keeper  of  the  Archives  at  the  Fiw«* 
Foreign  (')flicc.  It  would  be  impossible  to  imagi* 
a  better  choice  in  every  respect ;  and  the  ghoitof 
poor  D'Hauterive  must  feel  dismayed  indeed  at  the 

Erospect  of  the  liberal  reforms  which  the  Dab 
)ecazes,  supported  by  his    able    coadjutor,  bai 
sanctioned.    Let  mo  repeat  that  to  M.  AnnaBd 






.  li^  glory  of  having  demonstrated 
■uiity  of  such  reforms. 


n^  cxtxacis  from  Sir  Willium  Jone^'it 
m  <m  Asiatic  Fottry^  printed  in 
f  R^elutrdjioD,  and  sold  by  Cadeil,  in 
•*  1774,"  may  interest  your  readers  i~ 
bi  tt  Fcnfta  Tcniuniu.  Illi  in  poesi 
WttiSaiSAivm.  ex  n&turft  deductis  iidnictluia 
fWWQHifc  puellimtm  cincinoos  byftciuthia, 
MH^  BBBC  ob  C)olor«m,  Tiolii,  nunc  ob  ama- 
larclMs,  dentea  TQ^rfniritif,  pa- 
OKolft  roelU  ac  Tino,  labia  pyropis, 
MCit  moulis,  faeiem  soli,  ciinea  nocti, 
M%_  IfMU   deitiqiiie    puellaa    csprecilis    ct 

[Qotoft  at  length  an  onooymouB  Arab 

dMcripCio.  utmultos  in  ABiatiooram  carmi- 
looioiiia  poeiDAfce  convenit.  Et  profccto  boo 
lotod  in  the  original),  "l&bib  fari^  dalciora/* 
fcdCadem  rerbU  ex  Hebraso  reddl  vifletur  " 
in  the  original).  *'  Fari  f tillantea  Ubia 
hmam.'t  Sanff,  iv.  II. 

\ufChoi]ihorat  of  ^lEechylcia,  Sir  WOliuiii 

re  eoarcnitrnt  cum  SbalccRpeari  notlri 
pM&t  {M^-ficth)  qiiA  n«o  (jnecos  poetoa  noc 
^^■■Hiitlns  ]mto  exceltiUB,  aut  mngni- 

In    liabiiuai   Uyhria  Cretfntis  fTKoXiov  " 
A I  h  ,.T.  ...,«)  f « qm>j  ijg^'j  citabo,  quia  vetcrum 

4i^uv',  c^'^  TO  KoKiiV  \aia7}'ioi\  &c. 
tiquu»  ict  UanuuHi.  "  (qaoted  in  tbe  original). 
till  opea  pr^t«r  tortcam  et  caiBidem, 

^  Heabebt  Rakdolph. 

^p  Ihoufcbt  thAt  there  wss  a,  marked 
Hkireen  1  Kin;.'s  xxii.  8,  where  Ahab 
■  Imtea  MicAiAh,  *' for  he  doth  not 
cwxi  concerning  Uie,  but  evil,"  and 
^  L   106,  »«75.,  wnerc  Agamemnon 


ti*,  oil'  TrtitTTOTf  ftoi  TO  Kpyy\'ov  eiTf?^ 

iaK  €im  </n/\a  4'Pi^('  fivOij^ratrOat^ 

■»Tc  7i'  TUJ  ft7r€5  tiTO?  ovT*  cTcAccTtra 

idefcd  by  Lord  Derby  ; — 

if  ill  1  thou  fuver  ipeak'st  to  m« 

I  of  evil  onica ;  for  tby  aoul 

l»  aixgor  ill,  but  aught  of  good 

er  yet  hut  promiwd^  nor  performed." 

P.  J,  P,  Gaxtillox, 

itB  (bought*  er«  from  the  h'pa  it  part, 
Uriah  iprings  mutual  from  tho  bcarL" 
Pope,  Ehisa  to  Abclard, 

'*  And  Thougbt  leant  out  to  wod  with  Tbougbt, 
Ere  Thought  coold  wed  itaelf  with  Speech." 

Tennyicm,  /»  Mttncriam, 
HoBBRT  J.  C.  Connolly,  Clk. 
Ratha&gan,  oo.  KUdare. 

One  short  text  of  the  Paradite  Lott  indebti 
MiJton  to  two  soorceu,  lying  widely  apart,  bk.  L 
V,  66-7  :— 

"  nope  never  cornea, 
That  comcB  to  all." 

The  exclusion  of  Hope  from  the  "regions  of 
sorrow  "  looks  up  distinctly  and  unquestionably  to 
Dante's  terrible  writing  orer  hia  Hell-gate  :— 

"  Laacuite  ogni  speranca  vol  ch*  entratc.'* 
But    the  cast  of  expreaaion  ia  from   Euripides, 
Troadetf  v.  676-7,  Andromache  speaking  : — 
'Kaol   -yelp   oiJS',   o   iracri  Act~£Tat   /JpoToT^, 


*'  To  know  tbe  foturo,  look  back  on  the  paat.    Tho 
prophet's  mirror  hangii  behind  him.'* — Otrman  Provtrb, 
•*  Tdl  rae,  IMiiloeopher,  ia  it  a  crime 
To  pry  into  tbe  aecret  womb  of  Time ; 
Or,  bom  in  ignorance,  mnat  vro  de8])air 
To  reach  ereata,  and  rea^i  the  future  there! 
Why,  be  it  »o^ati]l  tia  the  right  of  man, 
Imparted  by  hifl  Maker,  where  be  can, 
To  former  times  and  men  his  eye  to  cast, 
And  judge  of  what  'a  to  come  by  what  ia  paat." 

Cburcbill.  TU  Fartwdl. 
Wm.  Freelove. 

Bury  St.  Edmondi. 

''She,  mouldering  ..... 
Lay  there  exiled  from  eternal  Qod.*' 

Tennyson,  Palate  of  Art* 
<'  They  being  abut  up  ...  .  lay  thero  exiled  from  the 
eternal  providence."—  SVisdovt.  xTii.  2. 

'<  And  knowB  not  if  it  bo  thunder,  or  a  sound 
Of  atones  thrown  down,  or  one  deep  cry 
Of  gre&t  wild  beaMta,'*— Teitnyjon. 
*'  Or  a  terrible  sound  of  atones  caat  down 
roaring  voice  of  moat  aaragt^  wild  beaata." 

irtr<2oiaxvii.  19. 
C.  F.  S.  Warren,  M.A 

.  or  a 

YARD '  (from  an  American  paper)." — Such  ia  the 
title  of  what  follows,  in  prose  and  verse,  and 
which  T  have  met  with  in  Collet's  (Bryotle/s) 
Iid\r&  of  Likrature  : — 

"  Tbe  celebrated  Elegy,  by  Gray,  Sa  well  known  and 
justly  admired  by  every  one  who  baa  tbe  teaat  prefeen- 
aiona  to  to^te.  But  with  all  ita  poliah,  and  deep  poeUc 
beauty  and  feeling,  it  alwaya  appeared  to  me  to  be 
defective,  and  I  have  met  with  a  remark  in  Cecil's 
^main:s  to  tho  same  effect.  Amid  a  tccne  so  well  calcu- 
lated  to  aw&lten  in  a  pioua  mind  reflections  on  the  subHme 
truths  and  inspiring  hopes  of  Christianity,  Gray,  with 
the  exception  uf  two  or  tlireo  somewhat  equivocal  ex- 
pressions, says  scarcely  a  word  which  might  not  have 



[5**  8.  V.  Feb,  12,  T6. 

been  said  by  one  vtho  beliCTed  tiiak  'de»th  wfttftn  etornal 
aletp,'  and  i?ho  wm  dlflpoaed  lo nfcard  tb«  h amble  te Dante 
of  tlioae  tombi  am  indeed  *  each  in  bis  narrow  cell  for 
tver  laid.'  With  lliese  Tiewt,  I  hare  regretted  tbat  8«nti- 
menti  iimilar  to  tbo  following  bftd  not  sprung  up  in  tbe 
heiirt,  and  receired  tbe  cxiiuijite  touchea  of  the  cla»iic 
pen  of  Gray.  I  do  not  offur  tbem  to  tuppi^f  tbe  defj- 
cienoy,  an  attempt  aa  prcaumptuoma  and  hopelees  aa  that 
of  tht  Enjstiflh  artists  to  repair  tbe  mutilationi  wbicb 
time  or  aceidont  bad  occasioned  among  tbe  inimitable 
relict  <y{  Gr«cian  genius,  Tbe  linei  might  with  great 
propriety  have  followed  the  stanza  beginning,  *  Far  from 
the  madding  crowd*§  ijpioble  strife  * : — 

No  airy  dreams  their  iimple  fancies  fired, 
No  thirst  for  wealth,  nor  panting  after  fame ; 

But  truth  diviae  gubtimcr  hopes  inspired, 
And  urged  them  onward  to  a  nobler  aim. 

From  every  cottage,  with  the  day  arose 
The  hallowed  voice  of  spirit  breathing  prayer ; 

And  nrtlesa  anthemfl,  at  its  peaceful  close, 
Like  bolj  iticenee,  charmed  the  erouiug  air. 

Though  they,  each  tome  of  human  law  unknown, 

Tbe  brilliant  path  of  science  neTer  trod. 
The  sacred  Tolnme  claimed  tbeir  hearts  alone. 

Which  taught  the  way  to  igloi7  and  to  God* 

Here  they  from  truth's  eternal  fountain  drew 
The  pare  and  gladJening  waters  day  by  day  ; 

Learnt,  iince  our  daya  are  evil,  fleet,  and  few, 
To  walk  in  wiedom'a  briglit  and  peaceful  w»y« 

Inyon  lone  pile,  o'er  which  hath  sternly  pass'd 
The  heary  hand  of  all-destroy tng  Time,^ 

Through  whose  low  moitldering  aisles  now  Bighs  the  blast, 
And  round  whose  altars  gnn  and  iry  climb,— 

They  gladly  thronged^  their  ifrateful  hymns  to  raise, 
Oft  93  the  calm  and  holy  Sabbath  ahone  ; 

The  mingled  tribute  of  their  prayers  and  praise 
In  sweet  communion  rose  before  the  throne. 

Here,  from  those  honoured  lipSj,  which  sacred  fire 

From  He&ren'a  high  chancery  hath  touched,  they  hc«r 

Truths  which  their  zeal  tt»tlame«  their  hopes  inspire. 
Give  wingf  to  faith,  and  check  aiHictiou'a  tear. 

When  life  flowed  by,  and,  like  lui  angel,  Death 
Came  to  release  them  to  tbe  world  on  high, 

Praise  trembled  still  on  each  expiring  breath, 
And  holy  triumph  beamed  from  every  eye. 

Then  gentle  hands  their  *  dust  to  dust '  consign ; 

With  quiet  tears,  the  simple  rites  are  said. 
And  here  they  sleep,  till  at  the  trump  divine 

The  earth  and  ocean  render  up  their  dead, 
ithode  Inland,  America." 

Perhaps  some  of  your  correspondents  in  America 
may  be  able  ta  say  who  the  author  of  the  above 
lines  was.  They  were  written  about  fifty  years 
ago.  Fbedk,  Eulk, 

Mistletoe  ik  GRiMSTnoRi'E  Park  :  A  Large 
Bouon  FROM  Bretagjie.— Mistletoe  grows  very 
freely  in  the  hawthorns  imd  other  trees  in  Grima- 
thorpe  Park,  Lincolnshire,  though  it  ia  not  to  be 
found  elaewhere  in  the  neighbourhood.  People 
have  been  nccnslomed  to  come  from  long  diatancea, 
especially  from  London  and  Mimchester,  in  order 
to  gather  the  mistletoe,  .and  have  brought  with 
them  carta  to  ciirry  ot!'  the  spoil.     Besides  thus 

ccimmitting  a  trea|>ai4s,  they  disturbed  the  red  de«    ! 
in  the  park,  and  j^T^utly  damaged  the  trees. 
Willoughby  de  Ereaby  has,  therefore^  beer 
pelled  to  protect  her  property  by  employing  aau;- 
tional  watchers    in   the   park  during  the  month   I 
before  Ohiistraas,  in  order  to  prevent  the  mistletoe  I 
from  being  interfere<l  with  and  stolen.      Daring  I 
this  past  December,  fourteen  extra  watchers  w*»«  " 
thus  engaged.     Some  of  the  boughs  of  luistli 
Grimsthorpe  Park  are  very  lar^e,  though  I  < 
say  that  they  can  rival  a  bough  of  mistletctt  ih  i: 
was  sent  by  my  friend  Br.  Phene,  F.S.A.,  th^is 
December,  to  the  Rev.  Thomas  Wdtahire      ~ 
in  the  hall  of  whose  house,  nt  Granville 
Lewisbam,  it  was  hung  on  Christmas  Eve, 
bough  was  procured  by  Dr.  Phene  from  the  ** 
woods  of  Broceliande/'  in  Bretagne,  and,  Wi 
gathered,  mea.«ured  tea  feet  in  circumference* 
loat  but  little  of  its  grand  dimenaiona  in  ti 
snd  13,  perhap9j  the  hirge^t  miatlet&e  bough 
imported  into  La  Grande  from  La  Petite  Bi 
One  of  the  most  scientific  features  in  com 
with  this  botanical  tour  has  recently  been 
lished  in  the  Ganknera^  Chrovide;  but  the  1) 
of  mistletoe  seems  to  deserve  special  mention. 
Cuthbert  Bi 

Witchcraft  ix  WARwicKSHmtt.— It  is 
of  note  that  at  Warwick  af^atzea,  on  Dec.  IS, 
duriDg  the   trial   of  James  Haywood  (who 
found  to  have  been  insane  at  the  time)  for 
murder  of  Anne  Tennaat,  aged  eighty  y( 
Long  Compton,  "  it  was  i>roved  in  evident 
fully  one-third  of  the  villagers  believed  in 
cniffc"  {Standard  n&Vfs^per,  Dec.  16,  1876), 

Thomas  Noi 

Tbe  iJankj  Leicester. 

**  BojTNiE  A^Tf fE  Laurie."— Tlie  heroine 
popular  song  was  eldest  of  the  three  di 
of  Sir  Robert  Laurie,  first  baronet  nf  Maxi 
Dumfriesshire,     Her  sisters  were  Violet  and 
sanna.     Sir  Robert  Laurie  was  descended 
family  of  respectable  merchant  burgesses  in 
town  of  Dumfries.      He  rciceived  his  diploma 
baronetcy  on  March  27,  1685.     He  married  Jol 
eldest  daughter  of  Walter  ElddeU,  writer  U/" 
sign€'t.     The  marriage  contract  ia  dated  at 
burgh,  January   25,  1687.      On   May  13, 
Anne  Laurie  granted  a  discharge  to  her  bi 
Sir  Walter  Eiddell,  Bart.,  for  all  debts  .iue  by  hill 
as  representative  of  their  family.     She  married  " 
1709  James  Fergusson,  of  Cmigdanoch,  who  w. 
returned  here  by  his  father,  Alexander  Fergusso! 
M.P.  for  the  Dumfries  burghs.     '*  Bonnie  Ann 
Laurie  "  was  mother  of  Alexander  Fergusson,  tl 
hero  of  Burna's  song,  " The  Whistle."   Her  admirti 
who  composed  the  song  in  her  praise,  was  WiUiju*] 
Douglas,  of  FIngland,  in  the  atewartty  of  Kirkcud-J 
bright.     This  gentleman,  according  to  Dr.  C.  Tj 
Ramage,  in  hia  work  on  Drumlanrig,  was  a 




aod  b  mid  to  be  the  hero  of  the  song, 
m  VBsraa  wac;/*    Charles  Eogrrs. 
rvmt  Hill,  S.E. 


eomspondentfl  desiring  inform&tioD 
of  only  pm&tfl  iotereatt  to  ivflix  their 
to  their  queries,  in  order  that  tfa« 
'iMMtdrandto  them  diroat.] 

"^        T  X  Scotland," — In  1 804  was 

Tour  through  the  Narfht]rji 

,  anil  Grtat  Part  of  the  High- 

i  &c\,  by  Colonel  T.  Thornton,  of 

li,    ia   VorJcHhire.     The  year,  in 

•  scribed  in  this  very  extraordinary 

seems  to  be  nowhere  mentioned  liy 

d  judge  that  it  could  be  easily 

teiml  evidence  by  tiny  one  weM 

111  the  state  of  Scottiah  society  to- 

of  the  Ittst  century.     Was  it  in 

kin's  "British  Zoology." — An  edition 
irofk  na  pabliahed  in  1812,  containing 
IdhioDS,  but  the  editor's  name  m  not 
"Wbo  was  he  I  The  author  of  a  memoir 
im  in  the  KaturalUt  for  October,  1838 
I),  says  a  "second^'  edition  of  the  BritUk 
"WHS  published  by  Pennant's  son,  and  the 
Ahows  that  the  edition  of  1B12  Is  meant, 
^riiter  Is  of  t'oun>e  wrong  in  culling  it  the 
Bennett;  in  hia  edition  of  White's  Sel- 
t  113,  note),  says  thnt  the  editor  of  the 
iiaa  of  Penniint  was  **  believed "  to  be 
iuuner^"^  and  the  kte  Dr.  Gniy  told  mc 
ftd  faraished  Pknnett  with  that  infomm- 
EU[h  be  could  tell  me  nothing'  of  H/inmer, 
1 1  learn  anythingof  bini  from  others  to 
have  applied.  Whoever  the  editor  mny 
to,  he  wasi,  a.«i  bia  notes  show,  a  very  com- 
logi«t,  and  this  fact  increases  my  desire 

CLOPJiDiA  Lo3^>I^'E^'SIS." — The  zoologi- 
of  this  workt  which  appcured  between 
w.Kt    -intains  a  good  deal  more  original 
of  its  kind  in  those  days  did, 
-  :^v..  tves  some  attention.      Yet  the 
le  contributor  or  contributors  ia  nowhere 
I  can  ascertain.     The  compiler,  "  John 
©f  Midland  House,  in  the  county  of  Sua- 
ire/'  announces  himself  an  having  been 
bv  eminent   scholars)  of   the  EnrjUsh, 
d  IrLab  Ilniversities."    Can  any  one  miy 
may  have  been,  and  especially  the  author 
of  the  zoological  articles  I 
be   gre:uiy  ohlij^ed    to  any  of  your 
irould  answer  the  above  questions. 
Altred  Newtok. 
College,  Cambridge, 

Ettmolooy  of  "Cad."— In  the  article  " Law 
and  Crime,^  in  the  Pictorial  IVorldj  Dec.  18, 1875, 
was  the  following  paragraph  ;— 

'*8aid  the  Lord  Chief  Justice,  in  a  recent  cAsa  of 
libel; — 'I  hare  ofien  heard  of  the  word  *' end,"  but  I 
never  knew  what  it  meant;  however,  it  ia  a  term  of  op* 
prohriuij),  I  auppose.'  The  mterpretatiun  wat  not  ^yta 
m  court.  It  ii  jiut  thifl :  the  last  born  of  a  farrow  la  a 
ptKtr  bttk  pi)!— a  weakliae^  and  is  commonly,  in  tb« 
country,  called  the  cad.  The  alang  ta  apparently  an 
abbreviation  of  the  French  'cadet,'  which  Ogilvie'a  Dic- 
tionary givea  afl  *  the  younger  of  two  brothers ;  the 
youngest  son.'  That  the  elder  ion,  inheriting  the  youth- 
ful etretjgtli  of  Ida  progenitorB^ie  commonly  the  «trong«r, 
an<l  therefore  more  worthy  of  llie  heirahip,  ia  the  easence 
and  foundation  of  the  old  feudal  law  of  primogeniture," 

In  the  Slang  Diciwrmrfj  (Hotten)  it  is  attempted 
to  be  shown  that  cud  is  a  corruption  ot  cadger.  It 
Jilso  states  that  "the  exiilusivea  at  the  English 
universities  apply  the  term  cad  to  all  no n- mem- 
bers," a  fact  (f)  which,  "  when  found,  make  a  note 
of."  Why  should  an  oninibus  conductor  be  culled 
a  cad  f  And  in  what  counties  ia  the  little  weak- 
Eng  pig  (mentioned  in  the  above  extract)  known 
aa  the  cad  t  Ccthbbrt  Bzoe. 

Genealogical. — In  an  examination  lately  of 
quite  a  niaaa  of  MS.  pedigrees  of  the  numerous 
ramiticatioite  of  the  Scottish  family  of  Gordon,  in 
search  of  a  Walter  Gordon  who  lived  in  Aberdeen- 
abirc  in  the  earlier  part  of  the  seventeenth  century 
('say  alwut  1612),  it  has  struck  iiio  as  remarkiible 
that  this  baptismal  name  occurs  only  twice  in  the 
many  centuries  enil>niced  in  the  pedigrees  :  in  the 
one  case,  the  name  of  a  son*  of  Gordon  of  Bel- 
domie,  and  married  to  a  lady  of  the  name  of 
Lyon ;  and  in  the  other,  the  name  of  one  of  the  two 
natiind  sons  of  AVilliam  (iordon,  the  lajst  R.  C. 
Bishop  of  Aberdeen.  We  know  that  this  second 
Walter  succeeded  his  elder  brother  John  in  cer- 
tnin  real  property  in  Old  Aberdeen,  witliin  the 
Chanonry,  probably  the  gift  of  the  bishop,  if  we 
are  to  believe  Archbishop  Bpottiswoode's  account 
of  the  alienations  he  made  of  the  property  of  the 
see.  We  also  know  that  this  Walter  married,  and 
WEis  dead  before  March  Hj^  l(n5j  as  his  son 
Wdliam  served  heir  to  him  on  that  date  {Aher- 
decn  rUlour^^  No,  137).  1  ^vish  particularly  to 
know  what  was  the  name  of  this  Walter's  wife. 
The  Walter  of  whom  I  am  in  eoarcU  was  marrieii 
to  a  Marot  Ini*  (Marjorie  Innes).  O,  S, 

Oak  CABtXET,  1678.-1  have  in  my  possesBion 
an  oak  cabinet,  or  butTet,  bearing  dat-e  1678, 
though  in  style  it  might  well  belong  to  a  period 
half  a  century  earlier.  It  came  from  an  old  house 
in  the  North  R  iding  of  Yorkshire.  It  has  a  central 
panel,  at  the  buck  of  the  upper  and  open  part, 
carved  in  high  relief.  This  panel  represents  a 
warrior  on  horseback  charging  a  standing  figure, 
apparently  a  woman,  having  a  sword  in  his  or 
her  hand.    In  the  background  arc  the  walls  of  & 



p^^av.  Fwi.15, 

town,  with  roofs  and  'Rubles  of  houses  beyond. 
Two  figures  atand  side  by  aide  on  the  buttlemoDtd 
ji3  spectators  of  the  scene  below.  Is  thia  merely 
an  inmginary  subject  I  or  wna  it  intended  by  the 
carver  to  represent  some  incident,  and  what  ? 

0.  K  H,  C.  H. 

DAvro  CtArrick*s  Book-Plate, — Some  time 
ago  I  bought  at  WoK^ester  a  well-preserred  copy 
of  an  English  translation  of  Cicero's  LtUerx,  in 
3  vok.,  **printecl  for  R.  Dodsley  in  Pall  Mall, 
1753,"  which,  I  iimy  reasoniibly  believe,  once 
belonjfed  to  the  great  actor,  for  it  contains  on  the 
inside  of  the  binding  of  the  first  volume  his  book- 
plate. "David  Garrick"  ia  engraved  in  clear 
letters  in  the  centre  of  a  shield-like  frame  of 
flowering  tracery,  beiirinjj;,  tit  the  upper  sides  and 
at  the  bottom^  symbols  of  the  mimetic  art — the 
mask,  jester's  head,  &c.  At  the  top  of  the  frame 
are  the  head  and  shoulders  of  Shakspeare,  after  the 
"  Chandos  ^  type,  and,  although  the  engpavini,'  is 
so  smaOj  the  traditional  earring  is  plainly  dia- 
ceraible.  Under  the  outline  of  the  frame  is 
printed  the  following  :  — 

"L»  prtmitPO  chose  qu*on  doit  f&iro  quand  on  a 
empninto  un  Hrro,  c'wi  Je  le  lire,  afin  de  pouvoir  le 
readre  plalot.'' — MenagiaiM,  vol.  iv* 

The  fame  still  attaching  to  Garricl^s  memory 
raay  make  the  mentiou  of  my  poasesaion  interest- 
ing to  more  than  mere  book-phHo  collectors.  We 
may,  I  think,  surmiae,  without  any  exaggeration 
of  fancy,  that  he  himself  deaigned  the  plate. 

Can  any  reader  of  "  N.  &  Q."  tell  me  the  nature 
or  authorship  of  Mtnaqiann^  whence  the  eingidarly 
apt  advice  to  book-borrowers  profeases  to  be  taken  / 

A.  L.  a 

CccKoo=CcrcKOLP.— Mr.  Latouche,  in  his  in- 
terestin]if  book  on  Portug:il,  gives  £U)  an  instance 
of  the  sensitiveness,  or  rather  Hr|ue8mislmesH,  of 
the  Portuguese  with  regard  to  the  use  of  certain 
words,  such  as  pig^  in  onlinary  conversation,  their 
never  mentioning  "  the  name  of  a  well-known  mi- 
gratory  bird  mentioned  allusively  by  Molitre  and 
•Shakapeare,"    What  is  the  bird  \  T.  B. 

rWTithout  doubt  "  cuckoo,'  regularly  used  for  "  cuck.- 
**    He©  Sbakupearc'ft  Spring  song  at  the  end  of  Lov^^s 
LaheuT  '*  Lmi  ;— 

"  The  cuckoo  then,  on  every  tree, 
Wocks  marrifld  men,  for  thna  ainga  be, 

Cuckoo,  cuckoo  !    0  Vford  of  fear, 
UnpIcaBing  to  a  niarried  ear  I  " 
8m  also  "  The  Cuckoo,"  in  Hf  r  Furair»n'a  Love  P^tm 
und  Mumovrojii  Onei,  Bnllficl  Bociety,  ice] 

"Two  Noulk  Kinsmen/'  "k  6,  49-51.— 
**  An  eele  and  woman, 
A  learned  Poet  sajw :  unloi  by  lii*  taile 
And  with  thy  teetb  thou  hold^  will  eithtr  faile/' 
Who  was  the  "learned  poet'W     I  can  find  no 
claaaical  phrase  at  all  like  this,  except  the  proverb 

in  Plaut.,  Pseud,  ii.  iv.  56,  "anguilla  * 
"  Auguillam  cauda  tenea  "  is  given  in 
CJ'u^.  Quotations;  but  neither  of  the.v 
is  applied   to   women.      Pope,  Dun 
"  Holds  the  eel  of  Science  by  the  tiiJL       i  ^^^ 
idlude«  to  the  proverb    again   in    Ths 
Ladijj  ii,  1,  *'  I  will  end  with  the  wiso  man, 
BJiy,  *  He  that  holds  a  woman  has  an  eel  bj 
tail.'"     Videntinian,  L  1,  "and,  if  all  fail, 
the  first  quick  eel  tbafc  miTed  her    tivil.'' 
Chajtcei,  ill  3,  "an  eel's  tail"     Tht  Pi 
iiu  2,  "hold  her  fast,  she  will  slip  throi 
fingers  like  an  eel  else." 

Harold  Littli 
Trin,  ColL,  Dublin. 

'•  Catamabax." — Will  any  one  inform 
thia  word  has  come  to  he  used  a.«»  a  term 
brium,  applied  to  an  old  woman  /  ^i  is 
by  Thackeray  with  reference  to  Lady  Bal 
General  Baynes,  &c.  The  etymology  of  tht' 
is  the  Tamil  lfilfa=tiedj  and  m/rmm^^trws, 
and  the  small  rafts  colled  catnmarana  are 
known  to  every  visitor  to  the  Ktuit  Indies. 



was  the  author  of  the  above,  published,  wiUi  i 
engravings,  Paris,  1686,  ch^  GuiUuume  de  7 

W.  M., 

George    Hutcitinson. — Born    in 
married  in  co.  Tyrone,  Ireland,  a  few 
viou«  to  1755,  and  afterwards  came  to  Phil 
Can  any  one  give  the  name  of  his  wife, 
marriage,  and  any  information  relating  to 
scent?  G.  a. 

De  Lancey  Piacc^  Philadelphia. 

Pipe's  Ground.— i\Tiere  was  this  place, 
adjoining  the  Houses  of  Parliameafc,  aovi  the 
of  the  duel  of  Horatio  Walpole  (Lord   \\\A\ 
Woolterton)   and  Mr.   Chetwynd,   mentioned 
Horace  Walpole*3    Letter    to  ManUj  March 
1743,  edit,  1857  ?  U 

Wellington  at  Astlet*s.— On  the  oc 
the  Duke'a  visit  to  see   the   Battle  of  W*' 
there,  the  stage  duke  was  unwilling  to  appeafij 
he  heard  that  his  prototype  was  in  the  t  heal  re, 
would  not  until  invited  to  do  so,     WhiU  isl 
date  of  that  event  ?  George  El 

St,  John's  Wood. 

[.'Ibaiat  fifty  yeans  ago  the  Battle  of  Waterloo  waj  l 
Rt  A»t!oy'B  thcutrc,  where   the  mimic  N»poleea 
phiyed  by  Mr.  Goniersal.     He  died  at  Leeds.  ISfi^i 
Beventy'fbuT.      The   incident  noticed  abore  is  ■ 

Chalmers's  "Cauedonia.*' — The  MS.  of 
of  this  great  national  work  is  said,  in  Lowndi 
have  been  sold  to  Mr.  Thorpe*  Wasiteverpul 

e.V.Ttn.  12,T1] 



Wild,  if  not,  whU  fiTereDted  its  appearing?  Mr. 
ChaltiB«tB's  Tii^ptyraphical  Didionarn  of  i^eotlaml^ 
in  niiM  noik,  m  MS.,  is  also  said  to  haTe  been  sold 
at  the^  mmt  time  to  Mr.  Thorpe ;  and  I  cannot 
fr  V     ^  '    -     ^      Jig  been  publisbed,  or  of 

^  Surely  snch  valuabk? 

Jtioo,   ^ii  1  labour  and  research  on 

the  part  <  r  li  and  "  conscientious  "* 

di >.  .  ,v  ..;i owed  to  periah,  without 

being  made  fur  their  publication. 

J.  Macrat. 

Wmr  IS  E^TRE  on  tite  IGth  of  April  this 
Thar? — According  to  the  tables  in  the  Prayer 
DAT  iM  always  the  first  Sunday  after  tim  full 
which  li»ppent  upon,  or  next  after,  tLe  21  Bt  d&j 
and,  if  the  fall  Dioon  happeui  upon  a  Sunday, 
pay  m  the  Sunday  after." 
tTit  full  moon  this  year,  after  March  21,  is 
irday,  April  8.    Why  is  not  Eiister  Day  on 

?  a  H. 

following  statement  occurs  in  John  S. 

's  Uisiory  of  Bet  ford,  p.  213  :— 

the  ecctesiafltical  hiftory  of  thi;  place  [Ordiall] 

r*mftrkabl«  instanceB  of  persecution  occur,., 

t>  the  ca8«  of  the  Eev.  Marmuduke  Moore^ 

of  this  pariah,  frhoae  patomal  estate,  on  the 

NoTember,  1652,  was  foif cited  for  trea«oti  and 

ticfftrated  from  hii  Uring  for  the  heinouii  and 

offence  of  playing  at  car^  three  aoTcral  times 

iwn  wife." 

ny  of  your  readera  tell  what  is  the  truth 
lis,  if,  indeed,  there  be  any  truth  "whatever 
md  I    Card  playing  wjw  not  "  treason  "  in 
or  at  any  time  oefore  or  since. 

A,  0.  V.  P. 

D«nrcATi05s    of    Rctlaitd    Churcbes. — To 

"'-'      ^      "    *^    f  "      :rii;  churches  in  Rutland 
— Belton,  Exton,  Xor- 
o^-uLv.M,    ,>nvUJii,  Tickencote»   Tixover, 
I  TiiOMAfl  Nop.TH. 


^aaa  AT  Oauds.— In  an  old  MS.  diary  of 
I  find  mention  of  the  following 

Ohartca. — Ruffe,  fcrampe,  slam'e,  Gleeke,  Xew- 

Sw^,  Loadam,  Patt,  primifisty,  poit  and  pair, 

AnaJbint  iestJi  cardtt,  one  and  thirty,  my  sewc 

Cm  any  o&6  explain  bow  the  ittillcized  games 
pUyed,  or  where  further  mention  of  them 
he  (otind  T  "\V.  H.  Allnutt. 

ih  KsfjAREHK^T.— Can  you  refer  me  to  the 

-i  ;iii'l  date  of  an   engagement  between 

(3\'  :^  guns,  and  the  Veteran?    The 

i>tion    appear?    upon    two    glass 

^ly  Biriev,  October,  1B76,  article  "  The 

goblets,  beautifully  cut  :— "The  Gylikhieii,  G8 
guns,  struck  to  the  Veteran  ;  W.  H.  and  I.  S.  R.,'* 
und  the  two  ships  are  also  cut  on  the  glass.  It 
does  not  state  how  many  ^^qqr  the  Veteran  carried, 
which  I  should  be  gbd  to  find  out,  with  all  other 
particulars.  I.  M.  E. 

B.  DE  MA5rDEViLLE.--Is  there  any  biography  of 
the  author  of  the  Fahlc  of  Hit  Bets  f  Where  can  I 
find  a  complete  list  of  hia  works,  with  date  and 
phioe  of  publication,  &c  ?  If  no  biography,  what 
are  the  best  sources  of  information  lui  to  his  life 
and  opinions  ?  Johnstoite. 

Various,  —  Would  any  of  the  readers  of 
"  N.  &  Q,"  answer  me  these  questions  1 — 

1 .  What  is  the  meaning  of  "  casting  and 
plashing  "  a  hedge  ?  (N.B.— In  Cornwall  we  aill 
any  fence,  stone  or  otherwise,  which  has  vegeta- 
tion on  it,  a  "  hedge.")  The  latter  word  refers,  I 
believe,  to  taking  turf  from  the  ditch,  and  with  it 
iihapinj^  the  top  of  the  hedge. 

2.  There  is  an  instrument  used  in  the  cultiva- 
tion of  the  wheat  which  is  cidled  in  West  Corn- 
wall an  "  Idiot."  This,  I  am  told,  is  a  corruption 
of  "  Hitch-it."  It  is  the  toothed  instrument  used 
before  the  harrow.     Is  this  derivation  correct  ? 

3.  Is  there  anywhere  a  collection  of  the  mimes 
of  the  various  pies  enten  by  the  Cornish  ?  H:»lli- 
well,  I  think,  in  his  }FesitTn  Coniwallj  mentions 
some  2iKt,  but  does  not  name  them.  The  two 
most  celebrated  in  ti&ry  are  "Starry-gazy"  and 
**Lammy  Pie,"  the  first  consistiDg  of  pilchards, 
with  the  heads  of  the  fishes  gazing  at  the  stur^ 
through  a  hole  in  the  middle  of  the  cnist.  The 
latter  is  mentioned  by  Tregellaa  as  having  been 
given  to  a  Cockney,  \vho,  after  eating  it,  was  told 
that  it  was  made  "  out  of  our  old  goat."  Are  these 
pies  ajwcnrphal,  or  were  they  ever  part  of  the 
staple  food  of  the  Cornish  people  I 

4.  Near  Kedmth  is  a  nune  caUed  "Cook*a 
Kitchen."     What  is  the  meaning  of  the  name  ? 

Thurstan  C.  Peter. 

"The  Mysterious  Gextleman."— Has  this 
story,  by  the  lute  George  Hodder,  been  published, 
andif  so,  where  ?    I  possess  the  origimJ  I^IS. 

L.  H.  D.  R. 

"The  Heir  of Mokdolfo,''  ry  Mrs.  Shellsy. 
— Can  any  one  acquainted  with  the  works  of  Mrs. 
Shelley  inform  me  where  and  when  this  story  was 
published  ?        ^__^_^^_  ■^^'^^* 


(5**  S.  ii.  421  ;  iU.  409  ;  v,  52,  97.) 

Mr.  Simsoit,  who  was  an  ardent  admirer  of  the 

theory  that  Bunyan  was  a  Gipsj',  may  be  said  to 

have  exhausted  the  pro  arguments,  such  aa  they 



(S**  S.  V.  Feb. 

are,  in  his  letter  .to  "  N.  &  Q.,"  2^'^  S.  iv.  465.  Be 
that  (|uestion  tia  it  may,  1  think  Mr.  Kilooub 
has  be€Q  rather  too  hasty  in  imagining  that  the 
Affyrtmweie  ikird»j  t.  e,  Gipsies^  from  the  Grimta 
resemblance  of  their  names,  and  the  sitwihirity  of 
Bome  of  their  habits,  as  described  by  Dr.  Wilson. 

Surely  the  AgrfrUr.  were  the  exact  oouDterpart 
of  our  ancient  Lymitours.  Turning;  to  Hall i well 
and  Wright's  edition  of  Nares'a  Di^lionarVj  I  find, 
under  the  head  "Limit"  : — 

"  Popube  friers  were,  and  ure,  but  ydleri  and  lojtering 
T&gabotidea,  Kood  for  natbing;^,  but^  even  na  flies  Hie 
abroftde,  upon  all  mennei  me»te,  to  fill  themsclTea  of 
other  mcnA  travelB,  oTen  so  doe  thty ;  for  thej  go  jdelly 
ft  limiLing  abrode,  living  upon  the  iweat  of  other  ntetia 
travela/'^Northbnwkc,  Affairut  Diciufft  kc,  1577. 

Then,  in  Dr.  Smith's  f^malhr  IHdionary  of 
Greek  and  Rotiian  Anti'iuitits^  London,  1853,  oc- 
curs :— 

"^gyrtiB  {dyvfirat\  mendicant  priests,  who  were 
jmcGUBtomed  to  travel  through  the  difTtircint  towna  of 
Greece,  toUclting  alms  for  the  Godo,  whom  thej 
iserved,  and  whoee  images  thej  carrieil,  either  on 
their  ihouldera  or  on  bcasta  of  burthen.  They  were, 
generally  «ijeak)ng^,  peraonB  of  the  lowest  and  most 
abandoned  character.'* 

Finally,  Liddell  and  Scott's  Gruk-English  Lcxi- 
corii  1856,  furniihes  us  with  :— 

•'*Ayi'pTr/f,  ov,  6  (a'fUp<tf\  orig.  a  gatherer,  colhcl&r, 
Mtjrpu6s  (cf,  ftr)T(>ayvpTrfi^  [a  begging  priest  of  Cy- 
bel^l,  Antb.  P*  6,  2IIS:  hence  usu.  a  beggar,  vagabond, 
Eur.  Khcs.  503,  715;  a  fortunetdlert Jw/r/Icr,  quack, 
cheat,  Plut,  Soph.  0.  T,  388,  Plat.  Rep.  364  B." 

The  resembknce  between  the  Anyrtiv  iind  the 
Gipsies  baa  been  before  remarked  on,  in  what  nmy 
be  culled  the  dark  age 3  of  our  knowledge  of  the 
latter.  M.  Bataillard  {Dt  VApimrition  et  dc  la 
Dispersion  des  BoMmUni  en  Eampt^  Paria,  1B44, 
p.  53)  flittya  : — 

**It  is  in  tbe  first  yearB  of  the  lidmlniatration  of 
Sten  Sture,  i.  f.  about  1513  or  1511,  that  the  Gipulefl 
began  to  *how  themsclTes  in  Sweden.  .Immediately 
after  the  mention  of  tbe  elcvati'm  of  Sten  comes  tho 
following  passage,   'sub    cujua    regimine.  WW  Huecijim 

?<f^t<ie  tkC  oircuiniforfiniii  pritmim  ingrestfi  Zigani,  tuIj;«i 
artari  hodicrno  nuncupati/  Job.  jretBOnii  HcQndia  It- 
iluitrata,  tevr  Ckroiiologia  de  Rthut  Scaxdia,  k.c.^  Stock* 
iliolmiaf,  1700,  foL,  p.  72." 

And  Swinburne  {TravcU  through  ilS/kuVi,  Lon- 
don, 1787,  vol  u  p.  360)  saya,  in  speaking  of  the 
Gipsies  in  Spain  r — 

'•  The  received  opinion  sets  thenj  down  for  Egyptiann, 
and  makes  them  out  to  be  the  dcacendantd  of  tbo'sc  vaga- 
bond TOt«rlcs  of  laia,  who  appear  to  have  exercised  in 
ancitnt  Ronae  pretty  much  the  same  profesgion  as  that 
followed  by  the  present  Gipsies,  tiz.,  fortune  telling, 
itrolliiig  up  and  down,  and  pilfering," 

If  Mr.  KiuRxm  will  refer  to  Simson's  HhL  of 
t!ic  f:tpsi€A,  p.  08,  he  will  obRcrve  that  Gipsies  in 
1506  were  new-comers  to  Scotland.  Tbe  words, 
"fines  noatri  regni  dudiim  whtneratj"  and 
**a%w4?e  menses  hie  versatus, '  admit  of  no  other 

"  Who  are  the  Gipsies  ? "  seems  likely  to  re 
a  vcaatu  qu.(cstio,     A  Gipsy  once  told  me  that 
iv.  20  referred  t-o  his  race.     The  idea  is  quiti 
pkuaible  fuq  some  that  have  been  started,  and 
the  merit  of  beginning  at  the  beginning. 

M.  Bataillard  of  Paris,  who  baa  written  b©' 
most  interesting  and  sterling  articles  on  van 
Gipsy  subjects,  and  who  has  devoted  his  life 
the  collection  and  careful  examination  of  a 
masa  of  nwtermlEi  of  nil  ki nds,  haa  long  ago  ^ 
miaed  us  a  book,  which  promises  to  be  a  fit  etfini 
logical  companion  to  Dr.  Pott's  well-known 
on  their  language. 

For  the  latest  ideas  on  the  antiquity   of 
existence  of  the  Gipsies  in  Europe  I  would 
Mr,    Kilgour  to  M.  Butaillard's   letter   in 
Btiue  Critique,  Sept.  25,  Oct.  2  and 9,  1875,  **l 
lesOrigines  des  Bom-miens,  ou  Tsiganes,  avec  V, 

f>lic4it!on  du  Nom  Taigane,**  and  separately  pal 
isbed  by  Librairie  A-  Franck,  Rue  Richelieu, 
Paris,  1875. 

Cim  Mr.  Kiloour  refer  me  to  an  authority 
the  date,  *' nhout  1122/'  of  the  paraphrase 
Genesis,  mentioned  in  Charaben^'s  Ennjdopadia 

H.  T.  Croftojt. 

Mr.  Kiloour  mentions  a  notice  of  Gipsies 
eftrly  aa  11 22  a.d.,  also,  still  earlier,  a  supposed  ' 
by  Cicero,    Is  it  not  very  probable  that  the  "" 
lars"  (Mexcalorea),  from  whom  Utesar, 
Gaul,  received  information    about  Britain, 
also  Gipsies  ?  E.  Leaton  Bleskinj 

Tinker  is,  in  my  humble  opinion,  the 
form  of  a  word  known,  in   its   Italian  fo 
Zingaro  (pronounced  Taingaro),  meaning  a 
The  thorough  identity  of  Tinker  and  Zinpiro 
meaning,  and— viewing  them  pbilologicaJly— 
thorough  cloaeneaa  of  their  relationship  in  t"^ 
«ound  and  in  their  spelling,  seem  to  me  to 
this  highly  interesting  conclusion  beyond  all 
tion.     There  is  good  reason  for  believing  that 
conclusion  will,  in  due  time,  play  a  very  im 
rnrt  in  solving  the  great  problem.  Who  are 
Gipsies  1     There  is,  at  present,  ao  much  prej 
and   foregone   conclusion    with   reference   to 
GipsieSf  that  I  scarcely  care  to  take  up  your  i 
with  any  further  remarks  on  the  subject  a( 
time.     Mr.  Smith  says  that  Tinkler  means 
ticular  craft,  not  a  race  of  people  ;  and  in  p 
this  adds  that  there  is  no  Eomany  word  th 
ever  heard  of  from  which  it  could  be  deri 
This  as.qumes  tbut  the  Gipsies  gave  themselves 
name  of  Tinklers,  of  which  there  is  n«>  pMKif,  and 
it  may  be  added,  no  probability.     Thp  (iip^irs  di<i 
not,  so  far  as  I  am  aware,  give  il 
other  name  of  the  Gipsies.     Mr.  >- 
that  tbe  Git>8ie3  cnmc  into  Scotlno^i   Utont  i.-nin, 
meaning,  as  I  understand  the  ri&ui&rk,  that 
came  into  Scotland  for  the  fint  time  about  tbsll 





date ;  but  at  thn»  a^uo,  there  ia  no  proof.  Some 
[iripeiea  maj  hsie  tarn  come  into  Scotland,  just  as 
lome  did  waam  frw  jeatn  txvro  ;  but  that  is  no 
protQsd  wb»tev«r  fi>r  concluding  that  there  were 
lo  GipMes  in  ScmlaDd  prior,  and  long  prior,  to 
1506.     There  '  :ie  vestige  of  a  ground,  that 

[  HiQ  awaxe  cr  !ig  that  Gipsy,  Tinker,  and 

Titikler  did  bin  ui-jiilly  denote  the  same  wan- 
denng  pe^Jilcv  the*©  names  bei^g  still  iwed  for 
thai  piirpoie,  I>it,  Ravage's  item  of  proof,  con- 
B^efcea  with  the  city  of  Perth,  ia  of  value,  and 
to  beaj  out  the  view4  expressed  by  me  in 
met  Botts.  I  have  no  heaitatioa  in  saying  that 
cidiiiary  ideas  as  to  the  Gipsies  are  erroneouB, 
SviTH  Qpc&ka  of  them  as  being  a  different 
Different  from  whom  ?  There  ia  a  mira- 
of  V  be  termed  different  rac^s  in  the 

,   though  they  are  now  n  gooil 
I  ;  iind,  if  the  Gipsies  are  a  different 
■ther  Txees,  they  only  add  one  more 
iDer,     1  have  aome  further  notes  on  the 
may  be  given  on  ii  future  occasion. 
Hekry  Kilgoor. 

^«  FoRESTRT  (6"»  S.  V.  43»9L)— Imighti 
,]lA»e  carried  a  little  further  my  remarks 
of  Milton,  I  aimed  at  brevity,  how- 
fitf  as  consistent  with  my  purpose.  But 
Mr.  Menzies  to  say  that  the  omiission 
II  after  **  groves ''  w:is  mine.  Finding 
ictnation — whether  of  Mr,  Men/ies  or 
I  know  not— in  the  Timc^  was  wrong 
I  fiogod  Cop  tbvir  it&ioly  growth,  though  bare/* 
1  colon  Jifter  *'top"),  and  knowing  how  the 
niries  in  different  editions,  I  thought  it 
to  omit  the  points,  especially  as  the  quuta- 
lo  serve,  as  it  were,  twice.  Writing  the 
the  review  appeared,  I  was  unwilling  to 
jce  of  my  letter  appearing  in  the  fol- 
imber  of  *'*N.  &  t^.,"*  as  I  thought  I 
if  I  dealt  with  the  punctuation.  I 
liAwever,  to  have  mentioned  the  omission. 
ri  dueji  not  connect  the  "  arched 
he  oak  and  pine  seems  open  to  some 
t,  for  ia  two  of  the  three  editions  I  have  rc- 
to  there  are  commas  after  "brown"  and 
And  what  authority  is  there  for  Silvan, 
iltdn's  text  ?     But  I  fear  I  shall  be  called 

icetothe  word  "brown,"  I  would 
(N,  t    M.ijxs  whether  he  had  considered  p.  240 
iii,  of  Modem  Painters,  together  with  the 
i'<  '  •"' -"I  of  Milton's  use  of  the  word— in 
J  :,    ill  32fi  ;   F.  L.,  ix.  1068  ;  and 

.  ^    .i^iUy  the  second  of  these — before  de> 
Ihat  the  word  is  not  equivalent  to  bruno^ 

iimplest  meaning  of  **  monumental  oak  •*  is 



probably  the  best.  Still,  the  holm-oak  might  be 
called  a  "  monumental "  tree,  just  as  a  yew  or  a 
cypress  might,  from  its  sombre  colour,  sempervi- 
rency,  and  suitability  for  association  with  gntves 
and  monuments  ;  and  I  once  thought  this  epithet 
was  used  to  diHtinguiah  the  tree  from  the  '*  forest- 
oak"  of  P.  L.,  I.  612,  or  from  the  oak  simple  :  nor 
is  it  irrelerant,  in  reply  to  a  gentleman  like  Mr. 
Menzies,  who  declareH  that  "  no  reason  is  known,'* 
to  state  some  three  or  four  admissible  reasons  for 
using  a  particular  word.  II  Ptnscrom  -wvla  written 
before  Milton  went  abroad,  so  that  he  was  not 
using  Italian  memories. 

Every  observer  can  testify  to  the  truth  of  SFr. 
Colltsh's  remarks  upon  the  eliu  ;  liut  if  their 
truth  were  not  bo  obvioitB,  he  would  be  a  i>old  ninn 
who  should  say  that  a  particular  avenue  or  tree, 
described  sonie  34(*  years  ago,  was  not,  to  all  jxietic 
intents,  star-proof.  Though  I  have  seen  many 
lightning-stricken  trees,  I  doubted  whether  I  could 
vouch  for  the  tnith  of  the  epithet  "  singed."  If 
Mr.  Collins  can  do  thi?^,  the  further  question  as 
to  tlie  top  of  th(  oal  bein^  singed  seems,  practi- 
callv,  settled.  For  it  is  sjiid  further  on  in  the 
review  that  *'  a  tree,  to  take  fire  at  all,  must  be 
old,"  and  that  '*  lightning  selects  the  finest  and 
largest  of  living  trees,  whose  wood  is  too  green  to 
bum,"  Tbi^,  coupled  with  the  admission  of  "a 
jjort  of  baldness"  to  which  the  oak  is  liable,  and 
which  is  admirably  described  byShakspeare  in  A$ 
You  Lile  Itf  where  he  speaks  of — 

*'  An  oftk,  whose  boughs  were  tnofs'd  with  aje, 
Afid  higb  top  bald  with  dry  antiquity/* 

goes  to  show  that  Milton  has  here  piven  us  a 
literally  true  description  of  a  natural  phenmnenon. 
What  AEr.  Colli>^!3  eays  about  sheet  lightning  is 
very  interesting.  Does  he  spcuk  from  personal 
observation  I  J.  L.  AValker, 

Americanlsms  (5*  S.  iv.  404.)— Mr.  Pberlet 
makes  the  mistake,  by  no  means  uncommon,  of 
treating  as  Americanisms  btul  English  used  by  an 
Americxm,  There  are  three  kinds  of  American' 
isms,  and  I  think  only  three,  which  are — 

1.  New  words  or  old  words  in  a  new  sense,  u.*red 
to  express  something  in  the  ideas  or  experiences 
of  a  new  countryj  not  tersely  or  adequately  ex- 
pressed by  any  English  word  in  iU  ordinary  sense. 
Such  words  or  expressions,  when  once  used,  fre- 
quently spread  over  the  whole  country,  sometimes 
with  great  rapidity,  and  are  at  once  adopted,  be- 
cause they  supply  a  recof^ni/ed  want.  Words 
originating  in  this  way  arc  no  more  liable  to  criti- 
eitiiu  than  a  new  scieutilic  term  applied  to  a  new 
discovery  in  science. 

2.  Local  Americanisms— such  as  *' grup,"  in 
New  England,  and  *'  reckon,"  in  the  South,  for 
"  think."  Such  localisms  are  no  more  numerous 
in  America  than  in  England,  as  1  know  from  fa- 





miliar  intercourse  with  the  common  people  of  both 
countries,  smd  are  frequently  of  English  origin. 

3.  Ameiican  sLing.  This  class  of  words,  or 
rather  this  dialect,  seems  to  be  a  kind  of  rcTised 
and  improved  Billingsgate,  with  less  malice  and 
more  vulgar  wit  thim  the  original,  and  may  be 
heard  at  any  railway  station  or  steamboat  landing, 
as  it  was  by  Mr.  Dickens,  and  might  almost  ho 
mistaken  for  tlic  language  of  the  common  |)eople. 

Only  two  of  the  words  given  by  Mr.  Presley 
in  his  long  list  fall  under  either  of  these  heads. 
These  are  "mop-boanl,"  the  origin  of  which  is 
obvious,  and  "  tumble-bug."  "Tumble-bug"  is  a 
name  popularly  given  to  a  kind  of  beetle.  When 
storing  its  food,  it  works  it  up  into  such  a  shai^e 
that,  when  grasped  tightly,  it  makes  with  its  own 
body  a  round  ball.  It  then  grasps  in  turns  in  the 
right  direction,  and  gives  a  kick,  frequently  rolling 
over  M-ith  its  load  five  or  six  times,  and  then  re- 
peats tlic  operation  until  its  hole  is  reached.  The 
openition  is  a  curious  and  interesting  one.  Hence 
the  name.  Henry  T.  Nile. 

SiiAKiNfj  Hands  (5*»»  S.  iv.  4S7  ;  v.  15,  77.)— 
The  following  passages  in  liialjih  lioiskr  JJoisfn 
would  seem  to  show  that  shaking  hands  was  a 
common  form  of  greeting  in  England  in  the  middle 
of  the  sixteenth  century.  (1.)  Two  ser>'ant  boys, 
quite  strangers,  meet,  and  after  a  little  talk  one 
says  to'  the  other  : — 

"  In  faith  then  must  thou  needes  be  welcomo  to  me, 
Let  us  for  acquaintaDcc  fhale  hawU*  togitber. 
And  irhat  ere  thou  be,  heartily  welcome  hitlicr.*' 

Act  ii.  80.  3, 1.  26. 
(2.)   Those  who  have  been  'on  bad  terms  shake 
hands  on  becoming  friendly  : — 
**  GootUuclf.  Sir,  doe  not  for  hir  sake  bearc  me  your 
Meryijrttke.  Well,  he  shall  with  you  talke  thereof  more 
at  Icasure. 
Upon  your  {jo(.d  usage,  ho  will  now  shale  your  hamh. 
RoytUr.  And  much  heartily  welcome  from  a  Btraunge 

Mtryfirttkf.  Be  not  alearde,  Gawyn,  to  let  him  ikake 
yoarjiiur  Act  v.  bc.  G,  11.  3ii-44. 

O.  W.  T. 


In  the  "Prologue"  to  Lamartine's  poem  of 
Jocelyn,  Episoile,  Journal  troure  che::  iin  Cure  de 
Village,  first  published  about  forty  years  ago,  the 
following  lines  occur : — 

"  II  me  senible  d6ja  dans  mon  oreille  entendre 
De  8a  touchanto  voix  I'accent  tremblant  et  tcndrc, 
£t  Bontir,  ii  defaut  de  mots  cherchua  en  vain, 
Tout  son  c(£ur  me  parler  d'un  serrement  de  main ; 
Car  lorsque  Tamitifc  n'a  plus  d'autre  langago , 
La  main  aide  le  coeur  ct  lui  rend  temoignagc." 

J.  Macray. 

"L.VDY-HELP8"  (5^  S.  iv.  306,  375.)— A.  J.  M., 
in  speaking  of  this  expression  (p.  375), 
makes  a  serious  mistake  both  m  the  origin  and 

meaning  of  the  word  **  help,"  as  lued 

"Yankees."    In  everv  new  conntiy,  __^ ^. 

country  like  New  JSnglond,  the  first  lettk^ 
from  the  nature  of  the  case,  need  belp^  ud  li 
get  it  must  help  each  other.  When  ih»  iaat 
is  felled,  the  trees  ("logs")  mnst  be  n^n- 
gether  to  be  burned.  One  man  cannot  dotk^ 
and  there  are  no  "servants"  to  employ,  ha 
the  necessity  of  the  case,  the  neiehbomi 
and  help  each  other  to  "roll  tlu  1^^" 
both  the  word  "help"  and  <Mog  roUing,'* 
extensively  used  in  American  politics  to  d^ 
rocterize  a  combination  of  the  friends  of 
measures  to  carry  them  all  through  a  legiibtii 

Again,  a  man  would  frequently  employ  the 
of  his  neighbour  to  "  help"  hia  own  son  to  do 
work  on  his  little  farm,  both  young  men  pri 
spending  all  their  leisure  time  in  prepariaK 
college,  and  each  expecting  one  day  to  bePicaU 
of  the  Unite<l  States,  the  birtliright  of  ci^ 
"  Yankee  "  boy. 

The  idea  of  "master"  and  "servant 
neither  of  their  heads.  If,  instead  of  '')ad 
help,'*  the  term  "  ser^'ant "  should  be  used,  ttir 
would  bo  Avar  between  these  embryo  presidenti 

This  was  the  actual  position  of  such 
"Webster  and  Chase  in  early  life. 

Let  me  assure  A.  J.  M.  that  "  help  "  is  aa 
word,  with  an  honest  origin,  however  afiectiii 
may  have  become  since  it  crossed  the  water. 


Urbana,  Ohio,  U.S.A. 

Mrs.  Pritciiahd's   DEScEXDAifTS  (5*  S.  a 
501) ;  iv.  20G,  431,  492 ;  v.  36.)— In  the  Li/ti 
Garricly  by  Davies,  i.  192,  it  is  stated  thst  lb 
Pritchard  "  laboured  to  make  her  family 
and  happy  " ;  and  immediately  after,  to  itxxw  M 
this  did  not  only  mean  her  children,  the  aoAf 
adds  that  she  "  confined  all  her  attention  to  ki 
relationH,  which  were  very  numerous."    Tle»i* 
not  seem  to  be  any  reason  why  her  brother  shod 
not  have  shared  in  these  kindly  attentions.    Wik 
regard  to  her  brother's  conduct  in  relation  to  lb 
Leonanl's  legacy,  I  read  the  matter  in  a  i*}! 
different  light,  and   do    not   imagine  that  lb. 
Vaughan  acted  at  all  unfairly  to  his  sister.   Bi 
seems  to  have  had  a  strange  misconception  of  If 
pojiition  as  executor,  and  to  have  sadly  misled IV 
sister.     The  account  in  The  Thespian  IHcHoMff 
is  vague  and  incomplete;  but  I  do  not  thiidctli 
author  meant  to  suggest  that  Mr.  Vaugfaan  i^ 
toniptod  to  claim  half  Mr.  Leonard's  legacr  Ii 
Mrs.  Pritchard,  but  rather  that  he  imagined 
self,  conjointly  with  her,  to  be  residuary  I 
and  that  they  would,  therefore,  be  entitled  to 
divide  the  greater  part  of  the  property  betwctf 
them.    This  he  was  prevented  from  doing ;  id 
the  bulk  of  the  estate  fell  to  the  hein-at-law,  vh 



TaiigliaQiUDd  A 

•  Mr,  Leonard  than  Mr. 
:nl  were.  Mr.  Vauglum's 
I  vi^is  gayg  ije  y^Q^  pub' 

.0,  his  atteinpts  to 

1  lie  heirs-at-law,  ami 

«  '   '  i  : "  L  of  Mra.  Pri  tchard 

-uiiiiMii  _  I     to  claim  liulf  of  kis 

Thaf  A.  T.  Pn Imor  was  the  grand-daughter  of 

I  in  the  supplement  to 

u'pfipkical  Diciionary  af 

5/  A^mrs,  Loud.,  8vo.,    1816,  p.  444.      I 

;1J  b*  gUd  to  know  when  and  %vhere  ahe  died. 

Edward  Solly* 

W.irrriLoo  Criiuk  (:^^'^  8.  iv.  247,  415,  SIS.)— 

inng  given  the  design  for 

iijl^  to  Mr.  Elmea's  state- 

,  uilw«r  u)©  fcu  iiuote  from  J,  Britten,  F.S.A,, 

In  hig  Pidwt^  of  London^  1S2G,  writes,  at 

♦•  Th«  enpine^f  wtio  gare  the  plan  wag  Mr.  O.  Dodd  j 
gT^ri  "  '^^i^reefl  with  the  comiian J  engaged 

U3  '  n  after  it«  coniDicucement,  and 

kr  Uie  ^!  r  ;n,  tile  merit  of  cooductiug  it  to  BO 

T  jccrraiul  a  termiuation." 

>e  that  it  resembles  the  Pont  de  Neuilly, 

I  i^  much  gnuider  and  nobler  ;  and  Dodd  not 

gave  the  de«i^,  but  also  commenced  the 

^Uudtire,  «o  the  Uo^iu^  of  Eliuea  is  untrue,  that 

thit  "}pt*al  schemer   only  projected    the   work." 

R^oiiie  wn«  incapable  of  designing  auch  a  bridpe, 

Val  tiiot  i*  no  disparagement  of  Kennie's  iihilities. 

Been'  iiian  of  genins,  but  only  aa  an  engi- 

■•♦r  iit  has  never  been  questioned.    His 

^'~  >  *'i  the  centres,  upon  which  the  arches 

♦  d,  was  perfectly  original.    When  the 

-  pil-'1   on   these  timber  centres  they 

iil  1 1,  to  the  great  discomfort  tmd 

• .  i niMcrs.       Eeunie  discovered 

i  longitudinally,  in  pboe 

IK  II  jjc  got  over.     When  the 

•  te  removed,  tlje  arches  only  sank  about 

'^  -n  the  middle.    The  bridge  of  Neuilly 

inches  immediately.     This  wtis  a 

ing  triumph,  and  quite  enough  for 

I       -If.      Let    eveiy  man    have  liis   own   merit. 

bjJi'a    ia    that   of  having  designed  tlie  noblest 

Thu«  late  in  the  jlnj'  m'c  rc- 

fiour  that  wad  liis  due,  though 

I-  uj  Iji*  lifetime  by  cowimily  falsi- 

'  T  benctit  the  memory  of  an  original 

\U   T^TMilf*^  to  accord  him  a  glory 

m  ;  and  he  vrta  **  na  sae 

sense  of  the  word,  im  to 

:i>eii  probably.  C.  A*  Ward. 

CitKlsrniUfl  MtTMMKBa  ^5«*  8,  iv.  6i»fi  -  v.  75.)— 
f  notfl  cm  the  Out-      '       '"        V  ring  only 

J>roembcr,  wn*  i  j  i  putchcii 

in  the  early  part  of  last  year,  with  reference  to  Mfu^ 
Penqellt's  note  at  iii.  65,  on  the  Cornish  Christ 
maa  games  and  gh-dnuncc^ — consequently  before 
the  ap|>earance  of  Middle  Templak's   note  at 
iii,  378.     Supposing  that  my  note  had  been  con- 
signed   to    what    Christopher    North  culled   the 
Bida^mj-boi,  I   was   agreeably    Burpriaed    by   its 
appearance  last  Christmas  Day.    I  hope,  therefore, 
thstt  Middle  Templar  will  acquit  me  of  ha\ingj 
overlooked  or  neglected  hia  acoount  of  the  Tenb^^ 
piny.      The   object  of   my    communication    wj 
simply  to  show   that  traces  survive  of  a  rustu 
mystery   play,  once   characteristic   of  Christmoil 
festivities  throuy;}iout  the  land^  but  now  rapidly! 
sinking  into  oblivion,  and  even  at  Tenby  *^{iiAi 
going  to  deci»y  "  in  1B57,  nearly  twenty  years  ago,; 
The  cause  of  this  is  not  far  to  seek.     The  rise  i»j 
the  wages  of  lubour,  the  facilities  alforded  for  loco^j 
motion  and  change  of  place,  have  made  the  agri- 
cultUTfkl  labourer  so  refltleaa  that  he  ia  constantly  oi»J 
the  move,  and  seldom  remains  in  the  some  piiictf] 
for  more  than  one  or  two  years.    Local  habits 
associatioDs  are  thus  broken  up.    The  people  of  a] 
district  become  stmngers  to  each  other,  and  no 
longer  cultivate  the  same  social  relations  as  hereto- 
fore.    Up  to  last  year,  when  I  wrote,  a  few  young 
nien   in  a  quiet   rural   valley  of  Roxbur«hahire> 
ten  miles  from  any  town,  and  about  the  same  dia-l 
tancc  from  a  railway  station,  still  continued  to 
make  the  round  of  the  parisn,  in  their  ordinary 
working  dresg,  aJHng  themselves  Guisards,  singing 
a  soDg  or  two  in  the  kitchen,  and  then  passing  oa ; 
to  the  next  house.    This  year  even  that  praetio*^ 
has  ceased.     Not  a  aingle  party  has  appeared,  aU 
though  the  seoaon  has  been  ojieJi  and  the  nighta 
often  Une.    Among  the  many  useful  services  ren- 
dered to  literature  by  "  N.  &  Q.,"  not  the  least 
valuable  is  that  of  storing  up  incidents  of  folk-lor&  j 
and  vestiges  of  old  customs,  now  rapidly  duiappear-. 
ing  before  the  accelerated  march  of  a  civilization 
that  bids  fair  to  reduce  all  our  ways  to  the  nam* 
dead  level.     Of  tlie  old  customs  connected  with 
the  season,  only  that  of  Hogmanay  survives.    The 
chOilren  go  their  rounds  for  cakes  and  penoe  on  the 
List  day  of  the  year  as  merrily  as  ever  ;  but  Hal* 
loween,  Christmas,  Handsel  Monday,  and  Twelfth 
Night  are  things  of  the  past.  W.  E. 

Gem  ATRIA  (5*^  S.   iv.  513.)— This  word  is,  I] 
believe,  u&ually  taken  by  educated  Je>va  to  be  th« 
Greek  ycof/ierpt'd,  and  so  it  ia  also  taken  by  Bux- 
torf,  in  his  Eahfjinical  Lexicon;  for  the  word  is 
of  course  Rabbinical.     A  good  many  Greek  wordi 
have  found  their  way  into  Rabbinical  Hebrew,  but ' 
unfortunately  I  hare  omitted  to  not^  those  which 
I  myself  have  seen.    A  few  words  were  also,  I 
believe,  Ijorrowed  from  the  Latin  btnguage,  and 
one  of  these  I  am  always  accustomed,  in  my  mind|.  i 
to  couple  with  ^ematria,  though  there  ia  but  little 
real  comiexion  between  them.    This  word  ia  tto- 



5**  a 

teficwmj  IIS  Buxtorf  Latinizes  it,  though  it  b,  I 
believe,  usually  pronounced  fiootrikoon  {the  oo'» 
like  00  in  hoon)  by  the  Jews,  and  is  apparentlj" 
irregularly  formed  from  tiie  Latin  verb  no  (are.  It 
Ls  used  of  M'ords  of  which  each  individual  letter 
nepresents,  or  is  supposed  to  represent,  the  initial 
letter  of  another  word,  and  so  to  stand  for  that 
■word.  Thus  cabal  would  be  a  nootrikoon,  if  ita 
five  lettem  really  stood  for  Clifford,  Arlio^nn, 
Buckinghiini,  Ashley,  and  Lauderdale,  iis  sit  one 
time  they  were  believed  to  do.  It  is  in  fact,  or 
luay  be  used  aa,  a  sort  of  jnnenwsjpion  or  mcmoria 
tcchnica.  F.  Chance. 

Sydenham  HUL 

Eenan  identifies  tliis  word  with  yioifxirpta,  and 
for  the  frei[ueat  use  of  this  phiy  upon  words  in 
the  Kabbala  refers  the  student  to  lAUratuMiti 
de*  OrienUf  1849, 1850,  The  best  known  example 
of  gsmatria  or  ghematria  is  the  number  of  the 
beast  in  the  Apocnlyp?5e,  6f)t»,  which  Kenan  inter- 
prets aii  =  NKri2N  KAI^AP,  according  to  the 
Hebrew  arithmetical  value  of  the  letteni  (Benan, 
X'jlnfMnX  p.  417,  note).      A.  L.  Mathew. 


Scotch  Attorney  (5*^  S.  iv.  428.)— If  not  too 
late  in  the  day,  the  following  extract  may  supply 
the  infcrniatioa  required  by  S.  T.  P.  :^ 

'* A  parasite  of  a  dangeroua  family.,,. ...The  whole 

bole,  cla5i>cd  and  a  titled  in  Iti  cmbmces^  dies  and  rots 
■out,  and  the  Matapulo  <or  Scotch  nttoTney,*  n§  it  is 
rudelv  called  her*)  itandii  alone  on  Hiked  roots,  and 
boara  walls  of  youngs  wi>od,  slowly  ct>&le8cin<^  into  one 
gnm,t  tnitik :  master  of  the  soil  once  owned  by  ih« 
patron  on  whose  Titals  he  has  fed;  a  treacherous 
tyrant,"— Charlei  Kbgeley,  At  Lasi,  vol.  i.  pp.  163*4. 



John  AooLrnus  (5*^  S.  iii.  9,  96,  215,  370  ;  iv. 
233.)  -My  father,  Mr.  Adolphus,  wati  not  the 
author  of  a  book  published  in  1797,  axlled  liio- 
ffraphiml  Anadolis  of  ike  Fotnifiers  cf  tJie  Frmek 
iitjmhlic  and  other  Eminent  lliaradfrs  who  hnve 
Distingniithed  fkmitehes  in.  the  Progrtu  of  the 
Btvolution.  Ilia  work  was  entitled  Biographical 
Memoirs  of  ih^  Frmck  Revolution,  It  was  pub- 
lished in  171)9,  in  2  vols.,  6vo, 

Emilt  Hen'derson, 

George  Butler  of  Bally r.\goet  (5**^  S.  v. 
69.)— Edmund,  fourth  Viscount  Mountgarrett, 
married,  iirst,  Lady  Dorothy  Tauchet,  by  whom 
be  had,  with  other  children,  liichard,  ancestor  of 
the  present  family  of  Mountgarrett.  He  married, 
BeconiUy,  Elizabeth^  daughter  of  Sir  George 
Simeong,  of  Bright  well,  co.  Oxford,  bv  hi.^  wife, 
daughter  of  Lord  Vaux  of  Horrowden.  By 
this  second  marriage  lie  had  a  son,  Edward  Butler, 
to  whom  be  left  hb  estates  of  Ballyrrigget,  ^c. 

*  Cluiia. 

Edward  Butler  married  Elizabeth,  dau 
George  Mathew,  Esq^.,  of  Thouiuafcown,  T 
by  whom  he  bad  tbree  sons — Edmund  (di 
less),  George^  Pierce  (died  childless),  and  a 
married  to  Dudley  Bilge nal,  of  Dunled 
Cjirlow.  George  Butler  of  Eallyiugget 
May  2<i,  17<X>,  Catharine,  eldeat  daughter 
Lord  Kingston.  He  died  Sept.  19,  1753 
three  sons  and  two  daughters.  His  eh 
JameSf  niarried  Misa  Dillon,  of  Dublin, 
ALarch  20,  1749,  learing  Eobert  (died  c 
Edward,  James  (titular  Archbishop  of 
and  George. 

The    above    pedigree    comes    out    of 

Pcenigc  of  Inland,  publislied  at  Dubliu  i 

Henry  E,  Bi 

The  following  is  an  exact  copy  of  un  in 
on  a  tablet  in  the  south  side-aisle  of  tl 
church  of  Bath  : — 

"In  raemory  of 

George  Butler,  of  fiallymgiret, 

in  the  County  of  Kilkenny,  Eiq% 

who  died  Jan^  3U'%  1813, 

aged  68  yeara. 

R.  I.  P." 

It  is  to  be  hoped  that  due  Ciire  will 

preserve  the  numerous  monumental  inacri 

this  fine  building.     Many  monuraentu,  wl 

to  be  Bcen  some  years  ago,  are   not  m 

coming ;  and  it  is  to  be  feared  that  at 

inscription  ha-*  recently  disappeared,     1 

copied  the  iQs<?ription   I   refer  to  within 

eight  Dionths,  and  made  a  memomndui 

situation  of  it,  I  cannot  now  find  tlie  tubl 


Bell  Horses  (5"*  S.  iv.  40K,  521.)— B 
are  race-horse&.  The  prince  was  a  gold 
bell  :  hence  **  to  bear  the  bell/  There  is 
speed  in  a  pack  horse.  If  your  «|uerist 
hold  of  Chtstcr's  Triumph  in  Honour  of  hi 
reprinted  by  the  Chetham  Society,  he  w 
good  deal  about  the  races  at  Cheslerj, 
given  to  the  winners,  &c. 



Lines  on  the  Letter  H  (5^^  S.  v, 

"  From  helJ,  from  horaepond,  and  frooi  bata 

And  placed  you  where  you  ne'er  iliontd  " 

In  Uonour  and  in  honeity." 

Such  is  my  recollection  of  the  open 
the  unHwer.  W.  J.  Bernhj.rd 


I  think  your  correspondent  is  in  error  i 
fying  these  lines  with  Shropshire.  Tl 
doubt  there,  as  elsewhere,  uneducated  p©o 
der  their  /<'s,  it  is  by  no  meana  the  char 
of  that  county  as  it  is  of  Worcestershire 
lieve  the  lines  were  written  about  half  j 
ago  by  a  talented  native  of  the  latter  c< 
think  the  following  epitaph,  from  Flyl 




ij^ri  i^hlA  I  am  told  is  not  unique), 
iibil»!y  fib<»*v  Uwt  Worcesierahire  folk.s  like  to 
msrtalitt  iiiar  nroDuncbtion  on  Bton<^,  as  the 
■d  line  aetsk  to  t>e  read  with  their  ikdditioDal  h 

Biktr  Mmtorj  of  TTilli&m  Baker,  died  Oct.,  1810. 
H    L^,  vfc«fc  the  silent  marble  weep« 
^1    A  Wdbiy  friead  A»d  neighbour  ileeps, 
^P    A  bfVCher  and  a  unelt  dear, 
^^    If  to  the  world  did  appear. 

He  lived  Let  Lore,  and  so  be  died, 

BM  Sl«  dcdrad,  bat  Ood  danled." 

W.  M.  M. 

FAVn.T  (5»*  8.  V.  89.)--Iii  Sima's  Tnder  to 
dend  Arfm  in  the  Briti*h  M»Mum  there 
le  of  Pile  of  Chadleworth,  in  co.  Berks, 
ihut  the  fiimilv  were  froru  eo.  Bucks  ; 
the  following  referencea  to  the  British 
M3S.  :— Harleiun,  1483,  fo.  119;  im\ 
Ad*l.  MS.,  1426U,  fo.  4(>.  Por  Pile  of 
»h  he  refers  to  Add.  MS.,  4961,  fo.  fl3. 
k  Pile,  Fellow  of  King'iJ  Coll.,  Cambridge, 
lADec  27,  1710^  aged  28,  und  was  buried  in  the 
luk  of  St,  John  Baptist,  Windsor.  See  A*h- 
Wirt  B(rk»^  ToL  iii.  p.  %.  There  ia  no  mention 
fthe  Pile  fiitnily  in  Kerry's  Hundrtd  of  limy. 

.  a  J.  E. 

GKZKSvihh  OE  Grjcnvillk  (5"«  S.  V.  67.) 
Udy  was  the  daughter  and  heiress  of  Sir 
'*iti,  of  Fitzford,  in  the  county  of  Devon, 
by  hia  wife,  a  Courtcnay  of  Powderhuui. 
bw  successively  of  Sir  Alan  Percy,  Kt.  (a 
eon  of  Henry,  eighth  Eurl  of  Northuniber- 
\trho  died  i^p.  ;  of  Thomas  D'Arcy  (son  and 
s,  third  Lord  D'Arcy  of  Cliiche, 
-ter  and  Earl  of  Rivers),  wlio  died 
lifetime  *.  p.  ;  svnd  of  Sir  Churles 
U  at.  ffourth  son  of  Thomas,  first  Earl  of 
K-G,y,  by  whom  she  had  one  daughter, 
ied  lastly  Sir  Richard  Grenville  (or 
0,  Kt.  and  Bart.,  the  celehruted  Cavalier 
By  Sir  Richartl,  Ltkdy  Grenville  Jmd,  nc- 
tUng  to  Btirke*?  Lanthd  (icniry  (Granville), 
ne  soo«  who  was  put  to  death  by  the  Parliament, 
i  one  dooghter,  Elizabeth,  m.  to  Colonel  Lcnard, 
tauoch  RoyaliBt."  Aroent. 

J>evonthire  there  are  many  atones  related  of 

dy  Howard,  and,  if  correct,  she  was  famed 

sh  for  her  crimes  a«  for  her  beauty.     It  ia 

lieved  she  travcU  nightly,  between  the  hours 

light  and  cockcrow,  in  a  coach  of  iKines, 

by  h  bloodliound,  from  Fitzford  House 

lUipton   Park,       Each  night  the  houud 

back  ft  single  blade  of  grass  in  his  moalh. 

Toward  is  to  continue  thb  penance  until 

'  of  grass  is  picked  in  the  park.   Another 

the  story  turns  tlie  lady  herself  into  a 

thus  mukes  her  perform  a  more  la- 

^ journey.  Emilt  Cole. 

John  Dawson  of  Sedhergh  (5**»  S.  v.  87.)— 
In  reply  to  Ma.  Picini'ORD'a riuery  respecting  "Old 
Kngniving  of  Dawson  of  Sedbergh,''  I  find  in 
Evans's  Catalogue  of  ForfraitSj  Ko.  14944  :— 

"Dttweon,  John,  born  at  Garsdalfi,  Yorkshire,  ariieled 
to  a  Burgeon  Ht  Lancatter,  at.d  settled  at  8edbergh  v 
Burgeon  and  mathematical  tejiclier  ;  died  1^20,  aged  86. 
Mezjiotiat.    Allea  {painter);  W.  Barney  (engraver)." 

Crawford  J.  Pocock. 

R.  Brandon,  the  Executioner  of  Charles  I, 
(5«*  S.  v.  4G,  76»)— There  is  a  tradition  current  in 
Sheffield  that  this  man  ended  his  days  there^  and 
was  buried  in  a  vault  underneath  the  parish  church^ 
Can  any  of  the  readers  of  '*  N.  &  Q"  say  whether 
this  is  unfounded,  and,  if  so,  how  it  was  that  the- 
tradition  arose  ?  Dunelmknsis. 

Elizauetii  HAMtLTOjf  (4**  S,  xi.  522  ;  xii.  65, 
133,  21G  J  :>*»  S.  iv.  178,  256.)— Your  correspon- 
dent (iv.  178)  mentions  that  there  is  a  biographic 
notice  of  this  lady  in  the  Christian  Fretman, 
August,  \Wifi.  I»  the  writer  of  this  sketch  in  thfr 
Oiri^tinn  Frettman  not  mistaken  in  regjird  to  what 
be  fiuppoaes  to  have  been  her  religious  opinions  i 

In  the  Mcmoin  of  Elixabtth  Hamilton^  by  Miss 
BeDj^er,  there  is  in  vol.  i.  a  letter  of  date  Oct., 
1812,  in  which  Miaa  Hamilton  mentions  that  she 
had  lately  become  a  member  of  the  Church  of 
England.  See  also,  toward.i  the  end  of  vol.  ii.  of 
Miss  Beoger's  memoir,  "  Some  Remarks  by  Miw 
Hamilton  on  the  Book  of  Revelations." 

From  these  "  Remarks,"  and  from  what  Mia^ 
Hamilton  has  said  in  the  letter  I  have  referred  to, 
are  we  not  warranted  in  supposing  that  she  was  a 
believer  in  the  orthodox  and  scriptural  doctrine 
regfiiding  the  Holy  Trinity  ?  R.  Inqlis. 

Arabella  Fitz.tamf.s  (.V*>  S.  iv.  48B  ;  v.  14, 
MV) — Arabella  Churchill  appears  to  have  had  some 
provision  from  the  Duke  of  York,  lodefK-ntlent  yf 
the  pension  on  the  Irish  Establishment  which  Mr. 
.Solly  mentions.  My  family  hold  lands  near 
Liiiienck  which,  at  the  Restoration,  belonged  to 
Sir  Hardross  Waller,  but  were  then,  with  those  of 
the  other  regicides,  confisnatcd,  and  grsinted  to  the 
Duke  of  York.  When  the  private  estate  of  King 
James  was  sold  in  1703-4,  my  ancestor  bought 
this  portion,  and  iit  was  then  charged  with  unnuities 
to  ArabeUa  anioiinting  in  the  whole  to  Hnf.  a 
year,  which  Colonel  Godfrey  received  on  her  beh;tlf. 
I  presume  other  lots  were  similarly  charged. 


Herrick  and  AusoniU3  (5**  S.  IT.  226,471.) — 
A  great  many  writers,  besides  those  mentioned 
by  your  two  correfipondents,  have  used  bnguoge 
and  thoughts  verj'  siunlar  to  those  in  (iaihtr 
yi  Eofithuds.  I  have  made  a  list  of  at  least  a 
dozen  before  Herrick.  The  following,  which  is 
essentially  the  Siime,  was  written  several  hundred 




years  befoTO  Anson ias,  and  h  the  enrlieflt  I  haTe 
yet  met  with  ;  but  the  imaK^ry  has  been  sa  often 
nsed  to  (inforcc  the  snn^e  sr^ntiiiieiits,  thnt  it  would 
hy  no  means  be  mie  to  Siiy  that  it  also  wiifl  not  ft 
**  p1agbri»ni  "  from  wme  one  earlier  still  ■— 

"  For  our  titne  ii  a  Til?  Bbi&dow  thn^t  puocth  nvay : 
■nd  ftfter  our  entl  there  i*  na  returning  r  for  it  in  fiiit 
flcttlet!}  ta  that  no  mtta  commetb  ftgaine, 

"  Come  on  thtrefora,  let  rs  enioy  the  good  thln^  that 
are  pre««nt  i  (mJ  Jet  t*  epeedilj  vie  the  creaturca  like  m 
in  ^oatli. 

"  Let  TB  fill  our  tetuet  with  costly  ^vlne,  and  ointmenU ; 
and  let  no  flower  of  the  SpHnj;  pftifo  hy  ti. 

"  liet  TS  crownii  otir  i-oluca  with  /.'ok  taciii  before  they 
be  witljered, 

"Let  nouo  of  ti  (roe  without  hiB  part  of  eur  rolnp- 
ttioufiieite  :*  Jcli  ub  leaue  tokens  of  our  iojrulneue  m 
euery  pUee  :  for  tiiia  i»  our  portion,  nnd  our  lot  is  thu." 
—Aufhorfzfil  IVrfwn,  1^1,  Book  of  Widdouj,  c.  ii,  r.  &Q. 

Bo»tan^  LSn^oliuhire, 

HKii.Vi.Tnc  (.VI*  a.  y.  0,  54,  IW.}— In  Stow's 
Loiithn^  Uk.  i.  p.  (>!>,  will  be  found,  "Monuments 
in  this  Chnrt'li  of  Sl  Peter*a  (ud  MnL^ulji  within)  the 
TowiT  ■' :  in  the  chancel  a  "  very  stately  nwmiiuent 
of  tUv  Dlnunis  ;  the  one  of  Sir  Ridisirfl  Hlonnt,  the 
fither  of  Sir  Micbtii-l,  son  of  the  ^lid  Ilirh;ml,  liotli 
succertsj  vc  ly  Li  ou  tenan  t  s  o  f  tbc  To  wer.  ^?  ir  1  i  i  chp  nl 
died  11  Ah.,  Ih^A."  Their  arms  iire  bhimneiL 
Thcdo  are  the  KUTTie  family  ^a  II.  Blount  and  K, 
Lifter  :it  Saradeu  Hou!»e.  0.  \V.  B. 

SKATisri  Literatl-he  (fj**  8,  il  1"J7,  ir>C,  31 S, 
aTJ)  ;  iv.  177j43T.)— If  Mr.  Fostkr  will  cxcuf^e 
the  licliiy,  here  in  one  niore  work  to  add  to  hi<^  lis^t : 
*' TAt'  tSkakr^s  .Vontfor,  Instrurtoi;  mni  EinttUff 
( ^mjiii'i H ion.  With  En t^v i n ^!*  [t wo  c t t.'h i  n ;f ^  iV nd 
Ki\  wniidl  woodt'ut^].  Erlmbiir^h  :  Jr*bn  ifenitit'-i, 
fii,  Pi  I  ore's  fslroct,  l^ri;'  i>]j,  TR.  TIk^  Kub-cnp- 
tion  lisit  was  headed  by  Prince  Albert.  No 
anthor^i!  name  appeari*,  only  the  s^liain  signature  of 
"Walter  Hove"  at  end  of  Preface.  But  I  ain 
vopcli  fop  the  author  hstvin^  been  Mr,  Whitcliiw, 
of  8,  James  Pkce,  Leith  Linkrf,  Edinburi,'hj  uiy 
prc3**nt*'%tinn  copy  bearin^r  his  anto*;ft?iph,  *'  in  tc??ti- 
iiiony  of  the  hij^h  satisfaction  which  — — 's  ilUi><- 
trtitionrt  of  the  i<kater'i  MGmt(n\  &c.,  have  piven 
the  mibsrrihersj  but  eapecially  the  Author,"  I 
believe  itr.  WTiitclaw'a  name  was  Miilthew. 

J.  W.  K. 

3foIuh,  by  A^hford,  Kent 

RoTAL  Hkads  ns  Bklls  (4*^*  S,  k,  TG,  S^iii, 
3i>r> :  xti.  85  ;  f."*  R  i.  235,  417 ;  ii.  SIR  ;  iv.  139.) 
— ^Tljorc  i-H  another  of  these  interestinj;:  bell^i  at 
Li^hthorn*^,  AVarwick,^hire.  The  inscription  hi  piir- 
tieidiirly  clear  and  |>erfect  '— 

Initial  croM  and  letters  ua  at  Cliippenbam,  Cainbs. 

HENltT  T.    T1LI.EV. 

*  Mftt^in  tAjs,  "or  iolitie." 

The  Society  of  Friends  (5*  S.  it.  471; 
V.  1 2.)— To  the  pubiicAtbns  mentioned  by  Ml 
HjckE8  T  bepr  t<)  add  The  Ann^tal  MoftUsrr;  m, 
ObitrnxTy  of  tJie  Memhert  of  ih^  Society  0/  Friak 
in  Great  Britain  and  Irdand^  publi^ed  tf 
McsKTs.  Kitto  &  Marah,  London,  and.  of  whicli  tk 
thirty-fourth  volume  (new  series)  has  mat  &ppcini 
NuBicrouB  tracts  were  iaued  by  the  zark  Frieotf 
Tract  Association,  among  thera  one  (Y,  Xoi  9| 
entitled  Scntivi^tti  0/  the  Soeicty  of  FriaJim 
IHHiU  Woftliip  and  Gomel  Ministry,  fcipi  Sn 
1(;  pp.,  printed  by  John  L.  Linney,  York^  luidnti 
by  U.  Qilpin,  Binhop^gate  Street^  I^ondon,  wfaiii 
will  no  donbt  meet  EmRLHERTA's  wimt. 

Pr^ni  July,  1832,  till  the  end  of  1S37  (li 
nuinbers  generally  of  IC  pp.)  appeared  at  ixnffk 
inten-3ik  a  periodic&l  publication  entitled  fl 
l'ori\*/u>f>iiin,  a  Rdigiotts  and  Liitrary  Jmrti 
hit  <T  Friend  (i,  c,  Luke  Howard,  Esq.,  F.B^S.,^ 
of  Ack worth),  printed  and  published  at  Fontefi^ 
iind  eon  tain  in^r  n  series  of  articles  mnniof  fta 
Xo.  le  to  No.  120,  with  the  heading,  "  Adin» 
lof^ical  Siimtnnry  of  Events  and  Ciicutinbitf 
connected  with  the  Origin  and  Piogtew  dfk 
Doctrine  and  Practloea  of  the  Quakent.^ 

ClIARLES  A.  FsDiia 


lErnELDEEti  should  write  direct  to  Ma.  BicEfilr 
the  iurorniation  she  now  aiki.   Uit  >4d»i8  wu  pi*J 

WiiiiTixM  Dogs  oitt  of  Cdukgh  (3**  &  '^ 
mi\  S14  ;  V.  37.)— In  the  life-size  portrait  rf  (J 
Srarlett,  the  sexton,  hung;  (so  curiously  flirt  ■ 
jilacc)  in  the  uav&  of  Peterboroufrh  Cathednl,* 
iloy-whip  h  scen^  throjit  through  his  waist-befc. 


PoKTa  TTiR  Masters  op  L^i?rouAGE(4*fi.* 
un  I  r/h  B.  iv.  431,  491  ;  t.  14,  37,  51,  7iH 
luive  juat  been  loukinK  at  that,  I  helif t«,^ 
iiiucb  dcrfpij'ed  book,  Lutdky  Murray^  wid  16* 
in  vol.  i.  p.  1G4,  in  ti  note  to  the  partieiplt  "^^^ 
wken"  r—  j^ 

"Walker  &b«rves  that  Milton  hixi  avmUed  liiBurfj 
t11l^  licence  of  hiA  art  (an  ni-t  u  apt  to  corrupt  ff*^^ 
iLii  to  tumq  nnd  a<ldra  luij^itagfl)  to  use  the^tntdl* 
thU  Ttrb  fur  the  pjirtioiiile  :— 

'  Th'  immortal  mlcd  that  hath  foffook 
Her  mansioo.'" 

I  think  the  parenthesis  Biimfl  up  the  eonti©T«q'' 

Mn,  PicTON  unquestionably  sp^s  the  aen^j 
most  neadera  of  "  N.  &  Q.,"  both  in  his  *PP*J 
of  "  loved  and  aung,'*  and  in  his  utter  rpproWj 
of  "  there  let  him  lay."  I  think  this  terriM*  \ 
may  Iw;  juiralleled  by  a  line  in  Cain^  Act  ilit*' 
*'  L«t  He  who  nude  thee  wwwer  that." 

To  quote  Br,  Gattt^s  wordB,  "  I  ask  otbtf^ 
your  reudera  what  they  think  of  the  nv  ^^ 
word**iftf.  W.  WnisTtJF. 

,.fk&  13,71] 



P'^'-^'-:  Names  (5*^  S.  iLp^tssim; 

U>,  ~  In  aearching  the  registers  of 

I.  ,  .  *-.-..  ,rd,  lately,  I  came  across  n. 

irijmoipie  of  a  bond^U  doubLo  Chris- 

wm^Uiitm^  dkoghier  of  Sir  Prancia  Wiogate 
■^  Aaae  liig  ^tfe,  baptized  Bee.  17.*' 

B.  C.  E, 

ox  Church  Plate  (5^  S.  v. 
Bl>— If  M»,  lyD  will  give  us  the  Assay 
on  the  older  piece  of  plate,  he  will 
BtiniMritf^  an  acceptable  aenrice.  Mr. 
list  (publkbcd  1863J  hag  only  one  speci- 
hf  aiphiib«l  used  1438  to  1457,  nnmely, 
H,  P.  P- 

Faji3fcis  PBtnsosf  fS**  S.  v,  67,  93.j— 

120,  1U5,  23i),  ilK  StTLiivAK  will 

n  concerning  this*  g.Jlant  otTi- 

There  is  in  the  National  Gul- 

paintLnii;^  Iiy  Copley,  representing 

of  Major  Peirson  in  1781,  nnd  thin  ha^ 

well  engraved-     There  is  also  a  ^niaJl 

oi"u  iu  voL  xvi.  of  Hnme  and  Smollett'* 

tidy  with   continuation   by  the 

^,  B,D.,  London,  1S35. 

John  Pickporp,  M.A. 
Bcetory,  Wooabnilge. 

of  bis  Bisters  were  tjiven  pensions  of 
each.  T.  J.  Bennktt. 

lATTOTCB    OF   EXECTTORS    (6"*    S.    iv. 

«ri,r.  K,^  Accepled  an  inritation  cmnnot  dig- 

1  it,  the  nuutcr  of  the  fcust  ctinnot 

ninent  on  any  pretence  whatever, 

i:ne*f^  not  even  death  itaelf,  can  din- 

jfixtion  which  he  ia  under  of  fjiviug 

:  jr  which  ha  has  wsnt  out  invitations, 

e  been  tiocepted  ;  for  in  the  extreme  cases  of 

ah««'n»,or  *J«ath.  hi«pI»«?o  may  he  filled  hv  hi* 

OtiKi'i,  hy  ^V.  iitichijier,  M.I1.,  new  edition, 
*Vi  p.  S7, 

T.  W,  0. 

I,  I  think,  conid  be  settled  by  ilr. 
Tin  Tho^i$and  a  Ycar^  bk,  iv.  ch.  ir. 
353,  People'^  Edition).     The  learned 
1,  doubtless,  ^pply  hb  address. 

P.  J.  F.  Gaxtillox. 

"  (r/h  S,  iv.  4m,  523.)— While 
'  ^  with  the  etynioiojn'  given   by 

t*H  iC,  I  would  suggest  to  him  that  the 
rords  he  f?ivei,  viz.,  entoxir^tr  and  aloxicar^ 
te  only  in  form  ;  the  newer  entoiigar  and 
>ein<;  of  frequent  occurrence  with  the 
idiig,  namely,  *^  to  poison." 

A.  W,  Plbace* 

Coin  Imfrkssions  on  Bells  (5**  S.  iv.  sriC, 
473.)— This  is  a  subject  wluch  has  often  been 
referred  to  in  "  N,  &  Q*"  i  but  biw  it  ever  been 
questioned  where  the  said  coins  on  bells  are  real 
coins  or  impressions  only  ?  In  olden  times  pious 
persona  threw  gold  and  silver  ornnments  into  the 
molten  metal  as  votive  otTerings,  The  metiil  of  the 
great  bell  of  Burmah,  after  it  was  broken  up,  was 
sjiid  to  be  worth  66,565?.,  and  pieces  of  gold  and 
silver  were  said  to  be  traceable,  unmelted,  in  the 
metal.  At  the  present  day  coin;*  are  put  beneath 
foundation  stones  of  great  buUdin^Fs.  Now,  is  it 
not  possible  that  rc<!tore,  churchwardens,  and  others 
concerned  woidd  gladly  furnish  a  coin  for  their 
belJ  ?  If  coins  were  placed  upon  the  mould,  would 
the  molten  metal  not  gather  them  up,  as  it  were, 
nod  present  them  to  view  for  j:jenei"utions  ns  the 
votive  oflerinj^s  of  those  concerned  in  getting  the 
beil  cast  ?  If  they  nre  impressions  only,  why  so  f 
There  would  be  no  "  virtue  "  in  an  impression  (?). 
I  have  seen  coins  on  bells  presenting  the  obverse 
nnd  reverse  of  a  Charles  IL  shilling  remfirkably 
clear  and  distinct.  Would  the  mould  take,  and 
the  bell-metal  present,  a  clear  and  distinct  im* 
pression  \  EagLK. 

Impressions  of  coins  are  found  so  frequently 
upOQ  church  hells  that  an  attempted  list  of  in- 
stances wguld  be  much  too  long  for  the  cohirans  of 
*'  N.  &  (}."  In  Leicestershire  alone  I  find  English 
coins  dating  from  the  fifteenth  century  to  the  reign 
of  George  III.  At  North  Kilworth,  in  that 
county,  there  are  impressions  of  a  coin  of  John  V. 
of  Portugal. 

A  reference  to  the  printed  lists  of  inscnptiona 
on  church  bells  wiH  supply  very  many  instances. 

Thomas  North. 
The  Bank,  Leicester. 

The  "GLiiiTs'  Graves"  at  Penrith  {o***  S. 
iv.  44,  f)5.) — There  is  an  old  engraving  of  this 
monument  in  which  wild  boars  are  represented 
on  the  slabs,  which  stand  edgewise  between  the 
columns.  I  think  the  artist  must  have  drawn 
largely  upon  his  imtigination  ;  at  least,  when  I  saw 
the  intones,  more  than  thirty  years  ago,  there  wns  no 
device  visible  beyond  a  sort  of  rude  crcnelation. 
The  upright  monoliths  are  sculptured  with  orna- 
ments, amongst  which  the  qutitrefoil  is  most  con- 
spicuous. They  are  about  12  ft,  high,  and  stand 
about  15  ft  apart.      W.  J.  BERiraARD  Smith. 


*^ Teetotal"  (5«»  S.  iv.  429  ;  v.  18.)— S.T.P.'a 
note  reminded  me  of  a  paragmph  I  had  seen  in 
Haydn's  Didmiary  of  Dai^  (Itith  edit.,  1661), 
!ind  when  I  referred  thereunto,  sub  **  Teetotaller," 
I  think  I  found  the  name  of  the  hero  of  the  cop- 
per medal : — 

'*  An  artisan  of  Preston  in  Lancashire,  named  Rkbnrd 
Turner,  in  addreiaing  temperance  tneetitigs  in  that  and 



[5'*S.  "fi 

other  towns,  acknowledj^eU  tlmt  he  liad  been  a  hftrd 
drinker  most  part  of  bis  lifo  ;  and  boing  Bin  iHitemta 
mRti,  and  in  want  of  &  word  to  eipreas  how  much  he 
then  abst\mi?d  from  remit  nnd  apirita,  used  to  exclaim,  '  I 
nm  now  a  Teetotaller,'  and  hence   the  phrase— about 

St.  SwiTHiN. 

Womkn's  Rights  (5"»  S.  iv.  209,  493 ;  v.  37.)— 
Mra.  Ann  Baa*,  of  Aylestone,  Leiceatershirc  (lutely 
deceaied),  wfls  an  e^ccellent  churchwarden  of  that 
parish  for  several  years.  It  is  evident,  frain  the 
following  entry  in  tlie  Hall  Book  {in  MS.)  of  the 
CoTiwration  of  Leicester,  under  date  of  1621  ^  that 
women  were  Hometimes  admitted  to  the  freedom 
of  that  horou^jh  :— 

**  It  is  agreed  by  a  penertiU  eonsent  thut  William 
Ilmrtiliorae,  huabandioan,  ahiUl  he  made  n  fTreeman  of 
thla  corpofdcon,  payinge  such  flTyrie  ag  Mr.  >faior  and 
the  Chiunblyna  that  now  bo  shrtU  assess.  But  ho  is  not 
allowed  any  freedome  or  priviledKe  hj  reason  that  hi» 
mother  w»«  made  a  ffreewotnan,  Neilhfr  i3  it  thought 
Hit  that  any  woman  be  hereafter  niaile  free  of  this  cor- 

Thomas  North, 

The  Basic,  Leicester. 

Leases  for  99  or  099  Years  (5»*  S.  iv.  289, 
472  ;  V.  54.)— Oa  July  25,  1811,  Sir  Oswald  Moa- 
ley,  Bart,,  lord  of  the  manor  of  Manchester,  de- 
mised a  plot  of  land  tit  Aneoats,  in  that  township, 
for  nine  thousand  utno  huniilred  ami  niuety-ninG 
years,  which  term  will  expire  in  the  yejir  of  our 
Lord  ll,810j  when  hh  heirs  or  assigns  can  eject 
the  tcnant5,  and  take  possession  of  all  buildin;?;?* 
atanding  thereon.  Now  I  could  never  conceive 
irhy  Sir  Oswald  did  not  originally  make  the  p^rant 
for  an  even  ten  thousand  year^,  for  it  would  merely 
have  allowed  the  leaseholders  another  twelve 
months  before  such  rigorous  lueasures  coidd  he 
enforced.  James  Hiusok,  F.R.H.S. 

Ardwick,  Manchester. 

"The  BcFfs"  {2"'i  S.  vi.  431  i  i:A^  S,  v.  49.)— 
The  extract  from  the  Hktorical  I^iconh  of  the 
It&giment  seems  to  imply  that  the  Btiffs  furuied 
part  of  the  expedition  which  saileil  from  St.  Helens 
on  March  29,  1761,  hut  does  not  distinctly  3tate 
80.  On  the  other  hand  Beatson,  Naval  and  Mili- 
iary  Mimoirs^  declares  that  it  did  not,  but  that 
it  followed  some  weeks  later.  He^ives  the  liat  of 
the  fourteen  detachments  and  their  commaoders 
(vol.  iii.  p.  33t>),  and  fully  defjcribea  the  attack  on 
BelleiBle  on  Apnl  7,  which,  it  is  well  known,  was 
unsuccessful  ;  and  adds  that,  "  when  the  news 
reached  London  of  the  check  General  Hodgson 
had  received,  the  nation  seemed  displeased,  not 
havinj^^  he«*n  accustomed  of  late  to  rebuffs  of  this 
sort.  The  luinistor  immediately  ordered  a  rein- 
forcement of  four  battalions  of  infantry,"  &c. 
(vol.  ii.  p.  462).  And  in  the  list  of  these  four 
the  first  is  the  Bufle,  under  Major  J.  Biddulph. 

Accord  tog  to  Tooue'a  Chrmology  of  the  liHgn 

of  George  III.,  1B34,  the  news  of 
Ho<lgson'8  attjick  upon  Belleisle  wt 
London  by  Capt.  Kllis  and  Ciipt. 
Eseorte,  on  April  10  ;  cind  *' *he  tei 
with  the  regiment  of  Old  Euff^ 
Spithead"  on  May  14, 17liL  Belleis 
on  -June  8.  Edwj 

Sutton,  Sufff  J. 



Philological  (5"»  S.  iv.  489  ;  v. 
beg  to  tender  my  best  thanks  to  your 
spondenta  for  their  prompt  and  full  ana 
query.  Dux  1 


Materinh  for  th&  History  of  Thotnas  B 
bishop  of  Cttnterhunf,  (Canonize 
Alexander  III.,  a.d.  1173.)  Editcic 
Cratgie  Robertson,  M.  A.,  Canon  of 
Vol.  L  (Longnums  &  Co.) 
The  present  volume  of  maleriuls  for  th 
of  Becket  consists  of  the  life,  autf 
miracles  of  the  archbiwhop,  told  by 
monk  of  Caoterbury.  The  life  ia  shorl 
136  pages,  while  the  miraclea  fill  the  r( 
546  pti'^es.  There  is  nothinji;  new  in 
We  are  told  how  the  archbishop  was 
seveml  of  the  biahops  who  snpporte< 
above  whose  crown  Thomaa  would  hi 
crozier,  and  would  have  ruade  Enjfhiud 
a  foreign  government  ideated  at  Ron 
course  of  tlie  narrative  there  ia  occasi* 
cumatance  or  incident  which  prorok 
Thia  occurs  even  in  the  account  of  ll: 
Thomas.  The  writer  was  affrighted  at 
Fitx  Urse,  "Strike!  strike!"  Thi 
meant  general  slaughter,  and  not  deem 
fit  for  glorious  martyrdom,  he  very 
and  nipidly  retreated  :  "  minus  idonei 
celeri  tergiversatione,  f^dus  ascendi, 
manus."  The  minicles,  printed  for  the 
amount  to  IGS.  Souie  of  them  ioi 
childish  ;  others  show  that  there  we 
men  who  had  considerable  doubts  as  t 
bi^hop'a  sanctity,  He  seems  to  Imvt 
moved  for  very  inditfereut  purpose  ; 
what  seems,  to  men  of  the  present  time; 
was  holiness  in  the  eyes  of  sincere  nn 
ages.  We  make  extract  of  one,  bee 
aometimes  been  held  that  one  species  e 
called  "  leprosy  "  in  those  ages  was,  ii 
tical  with  another  loathsome  dtseaae, 
cording  to  souie  writers,  was  brought  i 
by  the  Cru sutlers.  Be  this  as  it  may,  tl 
is  not  without  interest  to  those  whc 
science  of  contagious  diseases  : — 
**  De  eo  ciiii  leprttm  incurrit  quia  meretric 
**  Veaerabili  Cftntuanentii  e«cletiaB  p 





tiri&fter  ttti 

eoDTentui,  fmter  Fulco  prior  beati 

,  et  Hugo  de  Praeriti  eiiceriJot, 

Tolumus  caritata:  vestne  mlra- 

ia  parocliin  nostra  effuiaisse. 

tium  Ifttorem  Odon«m  nomine, 

Dottrum,  meretncem    adharsiase, 

pMCBtom  pucmum  peccati  kpram  contra- 

Fiie  componcto  conrolanB  ad  confesfionis 

acerptoin  a  nobii  con«ilio,   lacum  in  quo 

VBMTijT  et  pontifex  reqtiiescit  adiro  de- 

ifl  perpetuum  Be  c&mcm  non  guataturuni,. 

ittiM.  sexta  bibitumm,  nee  interulftin  in^ 

TOtom  compleret.     Quid  plur&'l     Voti 

ci'xnedit,  ct  confcHtim  fracto  roto 

cjofl    elephantino  morbo  pcrcussum  est 

tta  dacttu  conitilio  noatro  votum  iteraTit, 

l^nui ;  edcquQ  infra  brere  tempua  euro  ipHius 

lerm  iniidiMr  rcsliCttta  e«t  uuit&tt.     Hoc  autcu  aauccifi 
ftttrc*.  spod  tioi  aettun  int«r  ceetera  pretioit  mar- 
tinet* aacribi  qiuaesaxniu  faciatis." 

mimcles  seem  to  have  been  written  for 
II/«  reodlng.     The  one  above  will  suggest 
$abjeci&  for  remark  to  those  who  are  fotul  of 
ing  ioto  bygone  ways  of  life  ;  but,  in  fact, 
few  of  toe  miracles  here  recorded  that 
tlie  satne  tendency.     We  tiiust  add  that 
is  edited  with  the  taate,  judgTEent,  and 
which  tbf  Government  and  the  country 
>in  the  gentlemen  employed  in  such  re- 

^■■•>trnt  Englifh  Podry,     ConsiRting 

iitilladft,  SoHj^s,  and  other  l^ieces 

..x..i   Poets.     Together  with  some  few 

pr  Day*.     I5y  ThoMiJia  Percy,  Ijord  Bishop 

r>raore.    2  vols.   Edited  by  J.  V.  Prickiri 

ill  &  Stjas.) 

10  hod  come  for  a  reprint  of  the  selections 
^fe8  Percy  reinarke,  **  from  an  ancient  folio 
the  editor's  pos8cs«ion,  which  contains 
two  hundred  poems,  fiongs,  nnd  metrical 
Thi«  luanuBcript  wiis  written  about 
middle  of  the  la>»t  (the  feventeeDth)  century, 
fait  contains  compositions  of  all  times  and  dates, 
t:  '  „'es  prior  to  Chaucer  to  the  conclusion 
1  of  Charleys  I."  This  collection  will 
Hui,  ui  LMiifie,  excite  the  enthusia.'^ni  which  it  did 
ainoag  many  learned  readers  in  earlier  days,  when 
"  tt  worlts  on  the  sAme  subject  were  scarcely 
it»ble,  but  it  will  Y^m  very  welcome  to  manyj 
renhdess.  The  biehop,  who  dedicated  the  ori- 
work  to  "  the  EJKht  Hon.  ElJzfibeth,  Coun- 
of  Northumberland  in  her  own  right,  Baroness 
r,  Lucy,  PoyningB^  Fitz-Payne,  Bryan^  and 
ler/'  plumes  himself,  in  his  Preface  (a  quaint 
of  writinf;^  well  worth  the  reading),  on  the 
care  that  bad  been  taken  **  to  admit  nothin;: 
or  indecent."  But  lime  hua  changed 
s,  8tyle»  and  opinions  ;  and  there  are  thinj^^ 
'  T '^*e  poems  that  would  warrant  the  above 
■  ^%  and  SIX  baronesaes  rolled  into  one  (were 
Aflf  now  alive)  to  blush  with  the  power  of  aeven. 

Our  Place  omong  I*jinit\et,  by  R.  A.  Proctor  (Henry 
8.  King  k  Co.),  i«  (wt  quote  the  liile^fiage)  "a  leries  of 
csaajB,  coritrajiting  our  little  ubode  in  spac*  Jind  timQ 
with  the  infinities  around  u»."  Eb8«j«  on  aitrologr  and 
the  Jewiab  tabbath  itre  added.  The  writer ftcknowledgefl 
that  hit  Tiewi  "  rep|>ecliiijc:  the  intereitinj;  qiustion  of 
life  in  other  worlds  bave  chaugcd  contnderablj  "  since  bo 
wrote  on  that  lubject. 

FnoM  MewTB.  RiriniHon  we  Iiave  received  two  more 
matalmentB  of  Mr.  8torr'i  t^xcellent  "English  School- 
Cla«8ic«,"  Xoiet  to  Scolt'»  Wavtrtty  (H.  W.  E^c)  and 
Macauiajf't  Euay  o»  /{atlam'i  drntUlutioyiai  Bistory 
(H.  F.  Bojd)— Booh  XL  XIL  of  ifu  .Entid  of  VivtjU, 
edited  with  Kotea  by  F.  t^torr,  B.A.,  is  intended  ipecially 
for  the  uao  of  higher  forms  in  public  pchof)]*— <S'f(*riejt 
frttm  Grid  tn  KUgiae  Vtritt  with  Notca,  ic,  by 
11.  W,  Taytor,  M.A.,  is  a  companion  volume  to  31  r. 
Taylor's  telection  from  the  MiinmoT})koteg  (Kugbv,  W. 
Billington)- Parts  V.,  VI.,  and  VIL  of  Mr.  Oarfand'i 
Grnf$i$,  tritk  jVofe* — Ar*  PaMoiia,  by  F.  Parrifll, 
M.A.,  Rector  cf  Oitcod,  is  excellent,  if  only  for  the 
"  Hieitfl  on  Serniona."  We  read  :  '^St,  Vincent  de  Tiiul, 
lamenting  one  day  that  his  earnest  prcachinj;  bad  hut 
little  effect,  met  a  Tinedresser,  and  asked  him  how  his 
iermons  were  liked.  *  Sir,'  he  rejiliedj  *  we  are  all  sensible 
that  everything  you  tell  us  is  good,  but  you  preach  too 
long.  We  ignorant  menare  just  like  our  own  wine  ruts^ 
the  juice  must  have  plenty  of  room  left  to  work  in  ;  and 
once  filled  to  the  hrim,  if  you  attempt  to  pour  in  more, 
even  if  it  be  the  Tery  best  juice  in  the  worlil,  it  vill  only 
be  spilt  on  the  ground  and  l&at."'~Tke  P^iKagorean, 
TriangU :  Of,  thf.  ,icienr€  of  Numhtttt  by  the  ReT.  G. 
Oliver,  If.D.,  &c.  (Hogg  &  Co.),  is  posthumous,  and 
printed  verbatim  et  h'teralim  from  the  author  b  hitherto 
unpublished  MS. — Here  we  should  mention  A  Sketch  of 
Ike  lltMiory  oftKt  Antunt  and  Ptimilivf  Ritf  ff  Matmirj/ 
in  Ffancf,  America,  and  Gtfiti  Britain,  vkft  CharUrt 
and  other  DocuMtnU  (Jolm  Hogg). — Peminuctncfs  of 
Three  Oxford  \VortKit»,hj  3.  M.  Cliapronn.  JVl.A.  (Jamos 
Parker),  cannot  fail  to  recall  plpasing  rfcoUcctiona  in  the 
mindi  of  tho«e  who  worked  witli  John  Kebtc  : — 
*'  Too  strict  A  Churchman  for  a  libeml  uge. 
'He  found  not,  sought  not,  lofty  patronage; 

Saw  friends  and  pupils,  witii  uncnvious  eye, 

Rais'd  to  high  itatiun,  and  himself  pass'd  by"; 
Joliu  Miller,  who  originally  suggested  the  title  of  "  The 
Chrifftirm  Year"  ;  — 

"  Arerse  from  aimleas  theory  and  strife, 

lie  taught  the  Gospel  as  a  rule  of  life  *' ; 
and  C.  A.  Ogiltio  :— 

"  No  son  of  Oxford  deem'd  more  worthy  there 

To  fill  with  dignity  the  Pastoral  chair." 
To  the  lines  on  Mr.  Miller  is  prefixed  a  memoir  by  Dr. 
VVilw^in,  late  Prfgidenl  of  Trimty.— MeMTs.  Parker 'ha^e 
mlso  ipgued  Aristotdh  tlf  Arif  Poetiea  (Vahlen^a  Text), 
I  with  Notes  by  the  Rev.  E.  Moore,  B.D.,  Principal  ofSi. 
E«lmund  Hall,  Oxford,  It  appears  that  pome  eighty 
years  have  elapsed  since  the  appearance  of  an  Engiifh 
edition  of  the  Po<ttci ;  Mr.  Moore's  object,  therefore,  it 
to  place  before  the  Bnglish  student  the  latest  resuHs  of 
modem  research.— OnyAe  vfi  to  Obey  the  A^of  Court 
Created  by  the  Public  lVor$kip  Regulation  Aeit  by 
Orby  Shipley,  M.A.  (Pickering),  is  opportunely  reprinted 
from  the  Contfmporary  R^tvietp,  with,  for  motto,  an  ex- 
tract from  Hooker,  book  viit.,  Ecc.  Pol.,  "  If  the  cause 

be  spiritual boldly  and  lawfuIW  we  may  refuse  to 

answer  before  any  civil  judge."  Mr.  Shipley  concludes 
bis  paper  thus,  *'At  the  Quettion  ultimately  revolves 
itself  into  one  of  obedience  to  God  or  man,  the  writer 
can  only,  with  much  diffidence,  yet  with  all  earnettneas^ 



[J"  8.  V.  Feb.  11,  Tt 


m&ke  anatver  lliat,  >Ve  cn-nnot  recoj,'nize  tine  Tiewjnd;to, 
we  oUKlit  I'ot  t"  o^cy  the  New  Court,  created  by  ih% 
ftuthority  of  the  Pnblic  Worship  Kesulntion  Act/'— In  a 
IFonHbofikfo  Foir'ord  Church  (P»irfopd,  T.  Pciwell)  will 
be  fmind  n  fuU  description  of  itt  memomble  window*.— 
Mi*.  Jl.  W.  Hciifrey  h»t  printed  e«parately  hi  a  papers  on 
Oliver  Cromtr^-fCi  iSceplrr  And  The  yatiorud  Flags  of  the 
Cor/iniontreatih  ;  rtkI  Mr.  W.  Winttra  has  published,  in 
commcmomllon  of  it«  reiteration  by  t^lr  T.  F.  liuiton,  a 
lii»toi7  of  the  I^dj  Qmpel  of  WaUhiim  Abbev.— TAc 
JJooIr  of  tht  OVntration  of  Jtms  Chrut  (MacintH:«h)  is  an 
explniaticn,  by  the  Kev.  Q*  W.  Butler,  M.A.,  of  the  dif- 
ficoltie*  connected  with  the  genealogy  of  our  Lord. 

TBI  Librariaiwhip  of  the  Queen's  College,  Cork,  bu 
heva  canferred  on  Dr.  Caulfield,  Royal  Cork  loetUalion. 

A  SKCOsu  edition  hua  been  called  for  of  the  Lok 
Maatuit'f  and  Rrvutr  U>r  February,  in  which  the  article 
on  the  "  Exterritoriality  of  Public  Shipi  of  War  in 
FarcJgB  Waters  "  is  from  the  pen  of  Sir  Trafcra  Twies. 

^Qtitti  to  €atttipmi9t\Hi. 

Ov  ftll  communicationi  should  be  written  the  name  »nd 
»ddrtn  of  the  sender,  not  neoeoanly  for  publication,  but 
M  »  guamntoe  of  good  futlu 

W.  n  PoissoN-— The  answer  mny  be  found  in  EnplautCs 
Worlhcs  in  Church  and  Stale,  c  xiv.,  "Note  here  that 
in  the  time  of  Henr;y  VI.  de  fvch  a  place  wa*  left  off, 
•md  the  addition  of  knight  or  squire  was  assumed,  though 
fiotgtntniU^  in  all  ptactsS* 

Mju  J.  Malax.— We  will  attentirely  read  whateter 
oar  corre«poDdent  may  ple&Be  to  tend  us  on  the  labject 
of  the  picture  which  ii  said  to  repretent  the  marriaRe  of 
8hakspeitre  and  Anne  Hathaway.  The  MS.  ab-eady  re* 
ceiTed  is  not  to  the  purpose. 

Icxoftisi^s  hii  only  to  ask  his  wine-merchant  for  an 
ftliswer  to  his  first  (juery.  The  Irish  word  in  the  swjond 
query  denotes  the  two  materials  of  which  the  diih  ia 

K.  E.  M.— It  ia  now  known  that  the  interertiBg  ac* 
ooniii  of  Collins,  the  poet,  in  the  OentUwan'M  Magazintt 
l^fftiA  v.,  was  by  Gilbert  White,  of  Selbome, 

A.  J.  B.  a«k«^  "  In  which  of  Thomai  Carlyle*a  works 
can  1  find  hia  reuiarka  on  3lr.  A.  C.  Swinburne]" 

Her>ie>'truue.— It  only  applies  to  new  corrcfipon- 

'A.— Tliere  should  he  no  mark  whatcTer  on  the  final 
TDwcL    The  use  of  the  sign  named  is  quite  erroneoira. 

C.  G.  H.— Recciied;  accept  our  thanks. 

A\\  W.  B. — The  volumes  hare  appeared  irreguUrly, 

EiiRATUM--^Pp.  63,  U,  A.  L,  G.'s  query  in  "  Who  Shot 
lifelaoiil"  commencing  '*  Would  any  contributor,"  &c., 
should  be,  '*  Would  any  contributor  to  *  N.  k  (j-*  be  able 
to  give  an  idea  if  there  was  ever  ground  etaled,  on  rcU- 
able  etidence,  for  eonjocturinjf  that  an  act  of  murder 
ended  Villencuve's  days,  rather  than  that,  as  is  the 
general  belief,  lie  died  by  suicide  ! " 

Editorial  Communications  should  be  addressed  to  "The 
Editor  of  *  Notes  and  Ciuerie>"*— AdvertiBemente  and 
BusiDMS  Letters  to  "The  Publisher  "—at  the  Olhce,  '^0, 
WelliDgton  Street,  Strand,  London,  W  .C. 

We  beg  left?e  to  state  that  we  decline  to  return  com- 
mmvioktions  which,  for  any  reason,  wo  do  not  print ;  and 
to  this  rule  we  can  make  no  exception. 


JOHN  FIUNC19»tfi, 

n  ME  of  Norris  iso 

th*  GENERAL  JXDKX  titheTM 
t.«jriTKi  hjr  JOHN  FRA?kCl-'i,»,  WcUi. 

7VNTED      to     PURCHASE,      Note** 

QUERIES,   No«.    n,  I7S,   19»,  fctid    Index     t«     \ 
TBIBD  MKaiiM      liH    HhllllBC  eurli    vlU   t>»  flvn   H  J\>m 
PaAJiCIfi,».W«Uii>ttoai8tnM.3tnud.  ,; 




niQBtr«ird  with  S|i«elm»n  Pwea    Dr  post.  Hn^ 
SAHUEI.  BAOSTCS  h  SON'A.IS,  P»t«rDO*Ur  R«*. 

Thk  day  is  i>uhU>h»l,  {iric*  7«.  Stf. 

A     CATALOGUE    of    the    FirfEKCTHC t 
rUl?«T*:i1    H<«'«K>^    1r,    Ow   L-.l.nrr  ■>f   TnnU/    *  .il^ 
hridgf-  nTK(»tlfilLI  ; 

of  Traaitj  CoUtf  «^.  J 

tn  1  T«I,  mediooi  Sro.  villi  Pwitnil,  vrto*lt4 

^^WE  LITERATURE  -^  '  V     ^'^r^'^ '- 
Fu*Y   on   th«  LaQKUBce    r 
Twelfth  and  Tiro  auQcc«di»<  «'» 
iTK'iKof  AtiHMJt  Wel«h  Po-'r. 
Bt  tbeUta  THoMAH  bf^ 
unci  CoTrPctioiiJ  hy  the  A 
KVA».S,J1,I>.    WJth»L*r 

Jutl  f^uMtshwI,  in  Sto,  price  5».  flolh, 

ON  the  EXIST'    :,       ,f  MIXED  r 

Kithool  t>f  Mijilern  J  r.-  rrtpeciflllTfti- 

Prite  Fway^JiyJA.M  f.>  '   ic  ^..^■^n  KLL  Oi.lHT<;ii,  i  rn.  vr 
lliKliirle&l  S<%ei«^\  Member  »t  the  Enirlub  l>l«ioot  Sooifltj 
•IlluddcnfleldCulkitt-,  late  Modern  ilfciur  at  LiTcrpvo! 
LoDdon  :  LONGMANS  &  CU 


With  C:a)oaf«d  U*p*  iui4  Mg  tltastrmlioiM,  1  nlo.  I 

nir.LK  LANDS.  Illastrttiv« of  £K!ni>tttrc    Bj  HKNJ 

"  It  Is  iroT'onlblc  to  aTFr-cftimal^  tbt  rnlot  nod  importtiBa^^ 
Lttuocjp'f  worlc     tjo  iiit^Qsdr  relialila  »re  the  nUtemtntat 
•eemi  mdffd  tn  bv  ttbwtololj  iptpofijblc.  in  mi  v  tutulir  iBlia'Mi 
TftUdattthcok.fortb*  tnorc  iU  |i«ce«  *T  : -1 

modi  t)i«  more  oonalntlvc  will  It  appMr  h « 

u  ii  dent*  adJng  %xxA  a  tlutnmf  h  tppTwi*  t 

•carpolj  b«  flxpwted  ever  to  app«ftr.''— 7w  ^  -  ,  .,.'.^u 

JOHN  :iIDn]£AV,  AlbeiniirL*  btre«L 

Now  read  jr.  syo.  7*.  6d. 

C0MTANI0N8  for  the  DEVOUT  LIFB 
Lflrtvm  dr<UTerrd  In  ^i  Junea's  DitLFob,  nccadUmr, 
f^illonrlog  :>ubjaftU.  \Ttlha  rrcAca.  Bf  Re*.  J.  £.  KElllJ'fi 


Tht"\iT.  IMTTATirtSE  ClllliaTI. 

Muter  of  \l»rU»orougli. 
The  "  PENSfiEsi-  nf  BLAISE  PASCAU     R,  W. 

Dean  df  Ht.  Paul  i. 
ST.  PRAWC18  of  SALB)^'  "  DEVOCT  LIPB,"    E. 

D  R,  D«*n  of  Korwleh 
jj  ^  v^  ,  .,  -.  .  ..J,,,  SAIXTS-  BEST.-   a.  C.  Trtiwb,  HS^i 

'         V\XX. 

li'l  B*3    ♦•  COSrES^IOKB.-    W.   Aloaadcr, 


JElLLMi    TAYLDK'H   "  IlOLV    tjv  ■VING" 

Hnnji'hrr.  RIJ.,  Vicar  of  ^i.  Mam  it. 

"  Wp  ninft  hfirSily  njipfuTt^  the  tu^  P.pot.jr  of 

J«iinrii\whlcli  hM  r«tuU*d  ju  ih*?  ■pp"  IC  i 

b«  hoped  th»t  the  aircuUtl>>n  of  it  id-i>  iNlt 

KenH  (o  follow  it  by  aD^^tliir  mad  «iiii'  "i 

Thiw  w  kMJtbful  ivw\  (ur  tlf  ilrinicti*  '  ^    J  '.'.i 

tot  the  tnttter  of  (hit),  and  it  will  be  «  ..tritiul 

to  proyldc  tbem  wjth  tdctity  of  It  "-L*  m. 

JOHW  UURBAY,  Albt  1  t. 




SAfO^A  r,  rElniLAny  tv,  lara. 

^ITTBKTB.  — N*  113. 

ir«r«i)iiD."    lil— The   Cid»<^Qmh«    %i 

l«»-Sh*k*ptMi*nv   143-"KJd«" 

r  J*4r^AiiyiMtiDlEii»— The  Religion  of  J 
w^" — llie  SrjutlieTii  Cton,  14&— Mec- 
•  is  1787— The  Coajng&l  SUte— flow 
I  Ecir»i<lr7— A  i^tratlse  CoinddeDoe— 

Parocchl-Fe^kQ  Fwnily-S!r  Peter 

of    Um    "Son"   Newspaper— Str 

"    k— ClAdiAViria  Herb*— Foan- 

i^fMt  Park  Id  Eo^laod— J.  P. 

>Trt«it,    Bishop   of   (ihcnt-An   Old 

'Pelrarcli,  itc—tLev,  R.  ijibfon— 
•— -^hrery— Kpluph  on  *  DAaghtar  of 

of  Ormonde.  US— Wberrie*— "  J«b- 
Loa««^it7— Umi-Oen.  Sir  Alei. 

id    Her»ldry'£*rl   Eowe  &nd  tbe 

Wlt»  of  Frasoe  aod.Spkin,  14a—'*  Coming 

"     '^stanas,  151— "The  Rook,'  by 

S*m,  lSS-HornK»rth— Jviylna 

'.  uijrthini;  new  under  th«  «od  ?  " 

Mrivury  Broadxbeetfl — Ctuioiu  Erroni 

17— MisUture  of  Oaltiftbdnnigb  -Tbe 

QnAwinif  of  n  Wnnti— Jknuml  fn 

»'^-Tf      "     '       L4DaughU.r"' 

▲pIMrftl  "— Etjrni  . ihlen  "—The 

lUiDbar^h  C.  on  Aiirll  Hi, 

BllU7niCBe^--Thtf  i  jiarwrinMist;  :  Iteavort 

or   MaiulAnjhter  T    1£>7  —  Mndcftl 

'■'i-BamtdJC'-Sir  Heniy  Wottoo,  158. 




^HepondeDt  haH  geatly,  we  might  say 
fwched  us  for  hnv'mg  omitted,  in  the 
«r  of  "  N,  &  Q.,"  all  reference  to  Bishop 
uid  the  fiestival  of  lovers.  The  re-iftun 
''  shortly  givpn.  All  tlmt 
1  niiLQ  and  the  festiyui  ha.? 
i;  ^liu,  '.yn  iLQd  ovef  HgaiQ.  This,  fit 
fitr  as  it  rehites  to  England,  .Shall  we 
OA  to  recover  the  good  will  of  our 
we  8*7  a  word  or  two  touching  the 
is  tbought  of  him  in  France,— in 
[t,  iThe  may  Imj  so  called  without  irre- 
^onsieur  VulBntiii  I  EAmifons, 
to  b<rgin  with)  does  Moosieur  Valentin 
ip  I  Well,  almost  naturally,  perhaps  the 
carrence  of  the  tenn  *'  Valentine,"  fis 
ft  lover,  is  to  he  found  in  Rabekis 
V).  In  the  eighth  chapter  of  the  third 
\*t^^icJ)f  the  author  support:^  certain 
|Bpertions  by  saying,  "  temoing  Viviir- 
^^^Valentin."  In  the  glofi«^ftry  to  the 
iPfDesoer,  ie«2<)),  **  Valentin"  is  inter- 
llAntiii"^a  gnliant.  In  the  Amstetdutn 
41,  the  word  "Valentin"  has  a  more 
Uosfcration,  "  It  is  the  custom  in  sevend 
ttuce,  on  the  erening  of  the  first  Sunday 
r  itt  Httle  people  of  the  streets  to  assign, 

by  loud  cries,  to  the  young  girls  of  the  pkce 
their  Vakntim,  and  to  the  young  fellows  their 
J\dentmes;  in  other  words,  gallanti  to  the  dams^la, 
and  Viutressa  to  tbe  youths.  It  is  clear  from  this," 
?ay3  the  editor,  "  that  FaUntin  is  a  diminutive  of 
gahntf  and  as  in  old  romances  no  chevalier  pre- 
sumes to  dockre  his  love  to  a  lady  till  he  has  die- 
tinguished  himself  by  his  prowess  in  combat,  it  is 
posijible  that  Vakntin  and  ffalant  are  derived 
from  miens.  Jlorwjver,  thL*  same  wonl  VaUntin 
formerly  also  signified  a  dealer  in  jewellery  and 
fine  thingB  known  by  the  name  of  rfaluntcricsj* 
The  writer  then  quotes  from  Gille  d'Aurigni's 
Ordonnanc^s  ttur  lig  Faits  dr^  MaMpits  the  follow- 
in  fj  passage,  printed  at  tbe  end  of  the  ArriU 
(V  AmouT^  by  Martial  d'Auvergne  : — 

"  Item,  «st  defendu  a  toai  march&Bds  de  dr«pi,  d6 
soye,  ou  do  Uine,  chapeliera.  ptamaciers,  hnKiours, 
valentim,  yendeurs  d«  mMqups  et  jjarfums  de  rtfuaer 
precter,  bailler  h>  credit  lear«  denree*  aux  conipaigmooa 
niMquei  *»n«  fraude,  depuU  la  veille  dt>  S.imt  Martin 
dYv«r  juflqtiei  A  la  sQiuAine  saints  tnclarivemeot,  en 
buillant  pur  Ie«  dieUi  masques  Icur  grivelve,  pourveu 
qa  Au  precedent  \\&  n'ayent  est^  cudellez  et  BttAchez." 
^  In  the  sixteenth  century,  the  date  on  which  the 
French  swains  paid  their  devoirs  t^^  the  nymphs 
waa  not  on  our  Valentine's  Bay,  but  Innocents'  Day, 
or  ChOdermaa,  the  28th  of  Deceuiber.  The  former 
took  upon  themf5elve.s  the  right  to  enter,  on  the 
morning  of  the  anniversary,  the  houses  of  friends 
and  neighbours,  and,  wherever  they  found  a  nymph 
fttill  in  bed,  they  proceeded  to  administer  a  chas- 
tisement for  her  luziness.  Of  course  this  could  be 
avoided  by  timely  rising ;  yet  occ^isionally  there 
were  daring  damsels  who  remained  snugly  and 
defiantly  in  bed,  but  these  claimed  exemption  from 
the  penalty  by  exhibiting  the  arras  of  France 
nairite<i  upon  them  in  a  way  which  Voltaire  and 
lUbehiia  would  hiive  been  delighted  to  describe, 
and  which  "  N.  &  (.)"  need  not  attempt. 

In  Lorraine  and  Bar  the  custom  of  couples  be- 
coming each  other's  Valentino  prevailed  at  the 
ducal  court  as  well  as  it  did  in  villages,  where  it 
is  still  said  to  linger.  In  the  accounts  of  the  ducal 
household  at  Nancy  there  is  the  entry  of  a  sum 
expended  by  the  Duke  Charles  III.  for  a  gift  to 
the  Counteis  of  Salm,  "  who  had  been  hi*  Valen- 
tine." This  was  very  common  on  this  aide  the 
Channel  in  the  seventeenth  nentur>'. 

In  that  century^  in  the  year  1669,  tlie  Paris 
publisher,  CI,  Barbier,  put  forth  an  oct-avo  uf  a 
himilred  and  twenty-six  page?,  called  Valtiiiifut^ 
QucMimis  (rAmoiir  ti  anirej  I*u€eg  Galantfn,  Ac- 
cording to  the  preface,  the  writing  of  such  pieces 
of  love  and  gallantry  was  of  a  remote  origin  : — 

*' The  play  of  Vdontinea  \fna  inreTit'd  jv  lon^  time 
ago;  but  it  ia  only  recently  thnt  Valenthieft  liaise  been 
vcnified-  Those  upon  which  I  have  put  luy  hand  are 
tij  be  fuund  in  this  hook.  Now,  the  aport  or  gamo  of 
ValentiucB,  to  be  played  properly,  must  be  played  in 
this  way.  The  written  naioes  of  thirty  men  nnd  thirty 
women  mu«t  be  put  into  sixty  different  piecos  ot  paper  ; 


The  French  onr^per^  La  iM^^^^ft  2Lat  of 
December^  18<I9»  after  itatiiig  tftst  ■a  utDOccnt 
mm  gUDe,  called  "Let  Annanoei  Rim^"  or 
**  Bbrtned  AdTerttienfeiit*,*  ww  likehr  to  be  Ter/ 
liopuW  thnrngfaoot  the  vister,  remarked  :— 

**  AttfT  ill,  thk  if  M  novelty ;  ii  !•  limplj  »  rcocwuK 
of  «•  h»i  U  very  dd.  In  the  '  gnod  lii^le^  people  ployed 
fti  tbit  rhf  mioff  gsnio ;  bat  tC  wsa  colled  the  gaoM  of 
Toloiitinei,  from  th«  bumble  nune  of  the  inTentor  (!}, 
1ft  eourt  Aod  city  VdcnCinec  were  for  looie  time  oil  the 
r«fe,  but  Ibey  tuddeoJy  ceued  efler  the  Duke  de  Cbe' 
■e  bed  killtd,  io  e'duci,  »  itetitlemoii  who  hod  leot 
O  Voteotine,  iq  thc«e  vrordJi: — 

'  Moae^icneor  le  Due  de  Cherreuae, 
L'eJr  faux,  I'loil  |K>urri,  le  dent  cTeaie/  *' 
Farther  inftirmotioD  concerning  the  French  Va- 
line our  foir  correvpondeot  will  find,  for  the 
in  the  books  nouied  abovc^  and  in  one 
M  oot  been  n^iiued,  the  Inter mMiairt.,  the 
ind4S  to  the  loJit  volume  of  whirh  hm  beeD  to 
OOnelves  o  useful  indicator.  Having  ^oaA  thuf) 
mnch.we  return  to  £nglfind,and  boldly  aitscrtt hut 
diir  old  love  poetry  is  Inciter  worth  reading,  and 
keeirijig  in  n)cn)oryf  than  all  else  that  bos  been 
•mid  or  ming  upon  the  wibject,  put  to^^ether.     We 

Siirt  from  the  saint  nnd  the  subject,  with  Ben 
onN/jo'ii  view  of  both,  an  he  has  set  forth  in  A 
TaU  of  a  Tuh:— 

*'  Blubup  YnlonUoe 
Left  ut  exetnple  to  do  d«eth  uf  cbftrity, 
To  feed  the  buns;ry,  clotL«  the  naked,  vtoit 
The  weak  end  tick,  to  ent'ertftin  the  poor, 
And  IP  re  th**  ilcnd  a  ChrittiAti  furu'rni. 
Thc»e  were  the  works  of  pitty  be  did  pnvctiie, 
And  btule  uj  tmitate,— not  look  for  Jovcrit 
Or  hwndiome  im«g«a  to  pleeAe  our  EcnaeB." 
Tlivu*  only  remains  to  be  eaid,  that  in  Mn  Bar- 
in|g-Gould'»  Xtctf  of  the  Baintt  a  fkzea  different 

feired  to  then  goi 

"It  hee  been  n 
period  the  eoal  n 
Hsmaton'a  lettefi, 
in  poihing  forwud 
an  unexplored  pert 
broke  ihnntgb  the 
ckoUdmp,  1Vol&< 
tbeniiclves  in  e  mi 
aparime^t*,  in  the 
were  completely  be^ 
not  without  tome  di 
found  that  thk  hod 
In  the  mo^  rrptrt  n 
end  pillart  left  at  ; 
Remains  of  the  too 
the  baeket*  used,  bo 
touched.  The  anitt 
the  Grit  instance,  fr 
in  the  couotry  rcfei 
the  aparry  inenutat 
pittart.  A  difficull 
bftbtlity  tb&b,  in  a  c 
be^Ti  covered  with  w 
Aettlers,  the  inhabit 
laboriom  prnce«e  ai 
recorded  evidence,' 
akaoit  certain  Iha 
wrouRht  at  auy  peri' 
ElizAbeth,  (hat  in.  In 
fhall  launch  furth  if 
preceding  a^ei  will 
to  discover  any  njo 
means,  ur  tber  necet 
it,  until  ho  nhall  bai 
bounds  the  turbulen 
eighth  century.  In 
18  one  of  those  pnK 
either  iime  or  ptraon 
was  an  i»gc  when  Iru 
civilization.  Yet  mi 
this  dci*olate  and  dii 




,  Ok  40W  Itmmirs  which  were  found  in  the 
itn  ti Urn  rtiat  Ecd  moAt  ancient  form.     Mr, 

fitiMithtloM  which  he  obtained,  of  a  form 
j|^4«lir,»J  of  which  he  han  given  an  engrfcTiTig, 

'yahwH  «ad  doiiNgniinea  baa&lt,  ftboul  four 
lilfi^ffiQM  being  hc&Tier  and  others  lighter, 
"ivaidt.  eridentlj  with  difficultj,  ri>und  it, 
lially  in  X  flftt  surface  underneath^  agnioBt 
dlfi^^  that  wai  used  to  tighten  the  ^hnft  of 
l>»  (|ye>r»  la  hare  been  placed^  which  shaft 
lli%t  drifted  withe  of  willow  or  hazel,  or  a 
rll^^tDde  MiMd  round  the  grooTe/  The  ${otu 
HKllvtU  a«  the  axe-headi  and  flint  arrow- 
kilttwr  vtapooa  of  flimilar  materiaK  preceded, 
tJi  llttabt,  the  introduction  of  vMUdlic  arms  and 

»ttcio  m\ij  the  excavations  have  been 
I  Id  be  coal  mines  has  no  doubt  arisen 
^  tlut  those  who  have  hitherto  written 
li^rii  viiTf  not  aware  whiit  elae  they 
les,  in  thie  case  the  catacombs 
y  to  coal,  which  ia  not  the 
bJf  and  other  countries.  There  can  be 
ible  doubt,  however,  thiit  the  CimTiierii 
niight,  nod  no  doubt  would,  where  coal 
in  connexion  with  their  catAcombs,  avail 
I  of  its  advantages.  Perhaps  reu.Jer3  of 
'mthe  county  of  Antrim  wOl  examine 
tlona,  and  make  the  results  Icnown. 
r,  as  bearing  on  the  point  in  iasuc,  what 
final  meaning'  of  Antrim  i  But  as  I 
1  up  enough  uf  thu  space  of  "  N,  k  Q." 
cswion  with  reference  to  this  subject,  I 
my  further  remarkis  thereon  to  a  subee- 



m  Like  It,"  Act  ii,  sc.  7. — 

B  that  the  very  verj  means  do  ehb>" 
'prettttions  proposed  for  this  verse  seem 
itiafftCtoTjt  OS  they  have  no  reference  to 
lor  of  the  eca  and  it«  tides.  At  length 
tt  iuggeats  itself  to  me  from  the  Mer- 
eitk^,  iv.  1  : — 

lid  the  nuua  flood  bate  his  mual  height." 
;  siibatitutc  "  mains  ^  for  **  means,"  and 
I  it  SB    an   implied    coniipari;;on  of    a 
tiaen's  affluence  to  the  "  main  Hood  "  or 

which  yet  ia  reduced  to  an  ebb  by  tlie 
ice  of  his  wife,  "  the  city  woman,"     We 

the  blfiher  the  flood,  the  lower  is  the 
S.  T.  P. 

>u  Like  It/*  Act  ii,  sc  4.— 

ite«|j  if  I  can :  if  !  cannot,  I  *ll  mil  against 

■bora  of  Egypt/* 

the  precLse  meaning  to  be  attached  to 
b  of  Jaques  1     Johnaon  believed  that 

"first-born  of  Egypt"  referretl  to  the 
or  great  men  of  the  world  ;  hut  surely 
eoimected  with  the  6rst-bom  of 

Egypt  were  thope  of  the  plaj;rue^  and  Jaqiiea'a 
allusion  would  refer  rather  to  doomed  or  stricken 
men.  Narea  says,  in  his  Glouaty^  that  he  knew 
CO  other  instance  of  the  phrase.  Have  any  of  your 
readers  ever  met  with  it  ?  SpERlEJfD. 

**  HAsn.ET,'^  Act  i.  sc.  3. — Mb,  Beale's  readinff 
(5"*  S.  iv.  182),  *'Mo8t  select  and  generous  chufi 
in  that,"  may  be  "  true,  natural,  and  grammati- 
cal," hut  it  secma  to  lack  force  and  probability. 
There  Jire  many  renderings  of  this  passage,  and  yet 
I  venture  to  think  the  true  meaning  is  sufficiently 
simple.     If  we  read, — 

"  And  they  in  Franca  of  the  beat  rank  and  station 
Are  most  select  and  generous,  chief  in  that" 

—we  can  undereband  that  the  French  nobles  were 
hivish  both  of  pains  and  expen.5e,  *'  chief  in  that " 
particular  of  the  habit, 

"  Costly  04  thy  punie  can  buy, 
But  not  expreu'd  iu  fancy ;  rich,  not  gaudy," 

W.  WaisTOif. 

Bnonuiis  {b^^  S,  iv,  223,)— This  word  seems  to 
mean  the  covering  of  the  lower  part  of  the  male 
person  in  that  once  well-known  poem,  The  School- 
midttss^  by  Shenstone,  It  oci'ura  in  the  graphic 
desicrtptioD  of  the  whipping  inflicted  on  the  idle 
boy  by  the  schoohui stress  with  her  birch-rod  for 
neglecting  his  lesson  : — 

"  For,  brandiflhing  the  rod,  ahe  doth  begin 
To  looM  tkt  Irogwu,  the  stripling'i  Late  delight/' 


Shakspeare  Illustrations.  —  The  Seven 

*'  Into  how  many  ngea  is  mans  life  divided  1 

*♦  Mttus  life  by  the  computation  of  Astrologeri,  it 
divided  into  seaven  ages :  over  every  one  of  which,  one 
of  tbe  seavcn  planets  is  predominant :  the  lirst  age  is 
called  infancie,  which  continueth  the  epace  of  seaven 
j^earei.  And  then  the  Mooae  raigneth,  as  appeareth  by 
the  moyst  const! tntions  of  childrea,  agreeing  weli  with 
the  influence  of  that  planet. 

"The  leoond  kge  named  childhood,  lasteth  seaven 
yeares  more,  and  endeth  in  the  fourteenth  tf  our  life. 
Over  this  age,  Mercurie  (which  b  the  second  sphere) 
ruloth  ;  for  then  cbiUrou  are  unconstaut,  tractable,  and 
Boon«  enclined  to  tearne. 

"  The  third  age  endtireth  eight  yeareSr  and  is  termed 
the  at  rippling  age  :  It  begin  noth  at  the  fourteenth  years, 
and  continueth  until  the  end  of  the  two  and  twentieth. 
During  which  time,  governtth  the  planet  Venus :  For 
then  wo  are  prone  to  tirorlijralit)^  gluttonie,  drunkeu- 
De8ffe«  lechery,  and  sundry  kintJei  of  vicea. 

"*The  fourth  age  contayneih  twche  yeares,  till  a  man 
be  foure  and  thirtie,  and  then  is  hi  named  a  young  man. 
Uf  this  age  the  Sunno  is  cblefe  Lord :  Now  a  man  is 
wittie,  well  advised,  magnanimouj,  and  commiog  to 
know  him  self e. 

**  The  flft  age  ifl  called  mans  age,  and  hnth  sixe  and 
I  wen  tie  yeares  for  the  continuance  thereof,  subject  to 
Mars  ;  for  now  a  man  is  stout,  covetous,  and  worldly. 

'*Tbe  Bixt  aj^e  hath  fonrteene  yeares,  thnt  is,  from 
three-score,  till  three-icore  and  fuurleen.  This  nge  is 
termed  Viridls   senectus,  that  is,  flourishing  olde  agOj 



[S*  S.  V,  Fi» 


of  which  Japit^r  is  roaBtcr,  a  plimet  significant  of  equity, 
temperance  and  religion. 

"  The  Bcaventh  aud  liwt  (hy  order)  of  theae  ag**  con- 
tiaaeth  the  residue  of  a  maiu  life.  Thii  Agt,  hy  the 
meanea  of  that  yl&tiet  i^atarne,  i»hich  is  melanchohck 
and  most  sloir  of  all  uth«r»  cauaeth  man  to  be  drooping, 
decrepit,  forward  ;  eold  and  luehiricbolick."— Vanirban'i 
DireciiOJU  for  UealiAf  Hth  cd.,  1617  (first  published 

*'  A  humane  body  in  itJ  TariKtion  and  §arcreft«e,  may 
be  HiQiirucd  to  the  nature  <jf  the  7.  planetts,  viz.  mllkie 
enfancie  to  Luna,  the  pratTing  Schoole  age  to  Mercury, 
the  juTcnall  flowrinjj  iMay  time  to  Vena*;  the  flori*bing 
and  re«plendent  middle  age  to  S?ol ;  the  Tirile  and  dan- 
ing  manhood  to  Mars ;  the  better  tempered  and  adrized 
governing  to  Jupiter  ;  the  highcBt  loule  flyins,  and  de* 
crepjt  body  Diovein^,  to  Satumc"— Done'*  Pultfdoron, 
probably  putliahed  early  in  the  wTenteenth  century. 

Falstaff  OS  Honour. — There  is  a  curious 
paraliclisni  in  Guzman  dPAlfarackt: — 

"  Here  (Gmman)  thou  tholt  see  what  a  kinde  thinR 
Honour  is  :  It  ia  the  sonne  of  Nothing ;  the  Child  tlirtt 
knowes  neither  father,  nor  mother;  the  Earth's  tff- 
aprioic,  being  raised  out  of  the  d«Ht  thereof ;  it  i«  a  fraile 
Vetsell  full  of  crackea,  of  flawea  and  of  holes,  uncupable 
of  containing  any  thing  in  it  that  is  of  any  niomeBt  or 
worth*  Favour  hath  endeavoured  to  mend  thi*  broken 
Backet,  and  to  j^top  the  Leakea  thereof  with  clonts  and 
with  rappee  ;  and  putting  thereunto  the  rope  of  priTste 
interest,  thej  n«>w  draw  up  water  with  it,  and  it  scorned 
to  be  very  beneficiall  and  prolitable  unto  them. 

*•  Why  shouldiit  thou  keep  a  stlrre,  and  trouble  thy- 
self for  that,  which  to-morrow  is  to  bo  no  mt^re,  and 
when  it  is  at  the  moat  U  of  no  lone  continuance  ]  What 
doett  thou«  or  any  else  know,  what  ia  become  of  the 
Mayor  demo  to  King  Don  Pelajo,  or  of  the  Chtvnibcr- 
laine  to  Conde  Feruan  Goncales !  They  had  honour, 
and  they  held  it,  but  neither  of  them,  nor  that,  is  any 
memory  remaining.  So  ehalt  thou  the  next  day  be  fur 
gotten,  as  if  thou  h&dst  never  beene  at  alL" — Aleman's 
Ousman  d'AlJaracke,  translated  by  Mabbe,  1623. 

"  CttAiRBotrsTE  . ,  *  PoTSSON,"  Alts  Welly  i.  3,— 
Manyyeara  ago  your  old  and  valued  correspondent 
Mr.  JBenj.  East  cotjtrihtited  an  interesting  illus- 
tmtioQ  of  this  pa.'isage,  Vuughan,  however,  cites 
im other  proverb  on  the  subject  : — 

'*  He  that  loves  yong  fleah  and  old  fish,  loves  contrary 
to  reason— 

•  Qui  Teat  jeune  chair  «t  vi«ix  poii«oa 
Se  troue  repugner  a  raison.'  " 

JMrectioMfx^r  UtallK  1«J17- 

"  Accommodated,"  2  Mm%.  JF.,  iii.  2.— 

**CH.  Comment  entendeivous  ce  rnota'accoinnioder? 

^*  PkU.  J'ay  voulu  dire  que  chactin  s'en  sert  li  sa 
potle.  Or  scachez  que  cc  mot  s'accommodcr  est  aujour- 
d'huy  accr>romodc  a  toutes  choses, 

"  Cd.  Voila  bien  de«  nouvelles.     Mais  comment  T 

**  PkiL  On  dit..,9'accomraoder  des  habits  de  quelcun  : 
6*accutnmoder  du  chevnl  de  quelcun,  a'accoinmoder  de  la 
femme  dc  quelcun :  a  i]uoy  il  ne  faut  point  d'expoai- 

'*  Cd.  A  ce  que  je  vcy,  U  y  a  heaacoup  de  nouvelles 
foiiiea  d'accommodations. 

*  Tbft  original  hu  "  el  hijo  de  nadie,  que  se  leirantiS 
dal  polvo  de  la  tierra  eiendo  vasija  ouebradiKa^  llenn  de 
agujeoxw^  rota  sin  capaxidad  que  en  ella  cupiera  cosa  de 
algun  momentOt"  &c.,  ed.  Amberes,  17  3G. 

**  Phil.  Encores  y  en  a-t-il  une  outre  ceste-ci : 
dit,  11  I'a  bien  accommode,  en  parlantd'un 
aura  bien    batu,''  &«.— Eatieune,    Devx 
iVoMMav  Lanffogi  Frangou,  Aiivers,  1583. 


"Kijte":  "Kte":   "Swine."— The*«^      &■ 
have   already  been   much  discussed,   bu 
appears  to  me,  without  arriviaj;  at  a  ri^^*^  *■ 
elusion  (see  "  N.  &  Q.,"  4*'»  S,  xL  M51    M 
ing  from  further  reference  to  h»s    .xmSj^, 
been  s.iid  about  them,  it  is  my  aim  simply  'txy 
that  kinc  and  sicinc  are  but  modified  forni!^   < 
obsolete  plural  in  en  of  ctyw  and  40w.     Th*? 
belong  to  the  northern  jMirts  of  Britain  :  t 
qnLre,  therefore,  to  be  analyzed  with  s| 
enee   to   the  dialectal    peculiarities    \ 
prevftil.    One  of  theae  is  that  the  r 
and  others  besides,  of  the  south  of  1  ^ 
flattened  and  attenuated  into  at,  i,  aod 
Scotchwoman^  being  remonstmted  witli 
landlady  on  account  of  a  too  obstreperous 
of  animal  spirits,  the  result  of  indulgence " 
of  another  kind,  retorted,  **  I  pte  my  ictt 
way),  and  what  ia't  to  you?"     The  wo; 
cloth  J  proof  J  and  ifpoon  become  haithf  clni 
and  gpeeu  in  Scottish.     In  the  Lancashire 
pound  is  pronounced  as  jQatml   It  ia  hence 
that  coiecn^  by  contraction  kowUf  would  be 
narily  pronounced  as  kain  or  hinc.    Again, 
Old  English  r*/,  simihirly  investigated,  witt 
to  be  simply  an  abbreviation  of  kinc.    A  peci 
of  the  Scotch  diukct  ia   the  suppreasion 
liquids,  If  nif  n,  at  the  end  of  words.     Th 
have  /ta',  tca\  fracy  and  upo'j  for  the  wo 
waU^frovij  and  npon.     As  an  instunce  di 
the  point,  we  find  in  Eurns's  Poe:ins  ("  To 
Simpson— Postscript  ")  "  stick  and  Mowtj'  ii 
of  "  stick  and  stone."    Kye  or  cy,  therefore,  t 
of  being  a  plural  of  cu  by  vowel  chanjg^,  ia 
a  colloquial  contraction  of  kinc 

To  come  to  the  word  mirine,  the  regular 
iii  mow  is  soiccii.     To  account  for  the  form 
a.H  easily  chnnged  into  twine  as  oowen  into  it 
have  the  fsict  that  in  numy  languages  o-soa 
the  middle  of  a  word,  had  a  tendency  to  de 
an  intercalary  iv  before  or  after  them.     Im 
Cockney  dialect,  gwyne  representa  the  word 
This    tendency    is    remarkable    in     the     Fi 
diphthong  or,  the  words  hon  «wV,  for 
bcmg  flo  sounded  its  to  admit  of  being  tro' 
into   "Bob  swore."     But  independently 
traneous  instances,  we  find  palpable  evidence 
such  a  difdectal  peculiarity  in  the  west  of 
land,  possibly  through  a  Danish  influence, 
hoif  is  pronounced    as   hwoy.     In    the    song 
"Oeorge  RidWs  Oven"'  (5^  S.  ii,  112),  we 
the  words  go,  pM,  and  coat  represented  by 
pwoot,  and  ewoat.    Again,  the  Old  English  ' 
austcr  (sister)  occurs  in  the  A.-S.  Chron,t  ^^^ 




'^m  rnatt^  These  coosidenitlonB  teem 
nh  OBiiifliiB  eridence  that  sot^en  would 
btpaj-Tffl.Tl  ivi  swovreiif  and  that  tficinc, 
Hial  plural  of  *ow,  slinhtly 
fi  that  gieitic  cannot  l»e 
««c;  OQ  iwjcoant  of  the  latter  term 
ttlmi  to  a  fenmle  pig,  the 
r  W^  lo  the  whole  porcine  gently  is 
^^^  fi*t"t  that  gcventl  woftlH  originftlly 
nralimng  Lo  sex  hnvf  aince  been  used 
Wnw.  The  word  child  strictly  implie'* 
^utf  b  ftiU  a%ed  in  that  w^oso  in  the 
«*  af  En^hind  ;  yet  it  h  now  a  generic 
flflynag  af  etther  sex.  So  «^if/  pwpetly 
Ittb^aod  was  used  in  that  Hera^  not 
W  eop  <»f  AtiMilrii»«><lj^  but  even  of  a 
id  cock  Entjfish    Afcidcncr^ 

172);  ypf       ,  ''is  now  synonymoUR 

««i»id!.  The  words  Idnf^  ^j/e,  and  x urine. 
V*,  fiiwreptible  of  a  rational  explanation 
Dca  to  the  tinaea  and  roj^ions  in  which 
^«d,  and  need  oot  be  regiirded  as  mys- 
to  hit  ttccounted  for  by  Imving  recourse 
la  ajBumptiozuL  W.  B. 

lfW3K8«re, according  to  Bailey,  "/'tfr^<t<r-», 

htmm$ntarirTMSy  holding  that  the  gates 

ITD  ihut  till  the  resurrection."    Thi« 

jiH^nn  t4»  hnve  prevailed  amongst  ««>iiiti 

ifter  the  Refonnatiou,  hut  not 

1  at  Wrexham,  North  Wales, 

le  lupnumentftl  design  of  the  hist  Judg- 

mbiliac.     The  tomb  is  represented  sis 

iiece«»  :ind  the  beautiful  figure  of  its 

^rs    clothed,   wonderfully  expressod. 

de  Valois,  Duchess  of  Alen<:on,  after- 

in  of  Navarre,  a  woman  of  eminent 

'    *■  "  Ivin  and  of  the  Reformation, 

1  pon  this  subject.    Marguerite 

u'   luo^o  who  discoursed  to  her  of 

if  the  happiness  of  heaven,  "All  that 

lie,  but  we  rauat  continue  a  long  time 

the  earth  before  we  come  to  the  enjoy- 

>piDe«sft/^    In  her  published  writings, 

be  end  of  October,  154f>,  less  than  two 

es  her  death,  she  explicitly  aRKerts  the 

^^the  fiotiL^  of  the  good  ioimediately 

^pd  in  confirmation  of  it  quote!?  niir 

TO  the  repentant  thief:  "To-dnyshalt 

me    in   paradise  "^ — a   much  more 

more  spiritual  doctrine  timn  the 

J.  B.  P. 

OF  John  Sttart  Mill.— In 
tobiogrjiphy  of  this  great  man,  I 
^ruek  with  the  following  pttssoge 
ft  note  of  it "  : — 
n  ifhis  wife  ■  deftth)  I  b&ve  lougUt  ntch  ftlle- 

*  »rtuhr  in  loate  MSB. 

TLBtioo  BM  rtiy  etnte  admitted  of,  hjf  tlu  mode  of  life  whirh 
meat  tnabUd  me  to  fed  hfv  ftitl  near  me.  I  bought  « 
cottOLjite  III  cIoj«  M  ]fOsMble  to  the  plaoe  where  site  i« 
borledf  and  there  her  Juuj^hter  (luy  felloW'Sufierer  ati4 
now  my  chief  comfort)  nod  I  live  conitAntly  during  a 
irreat  jvortion  of  the  year.  J/v  object*  i«  life  are  lolely 
ihoH  ^rhirh  wrrt  fitrt  ;  vif/  jmrsaU  and  ocrtipniiom  tkoxe 
i)»,  ir/<t>A  skf  iharcd  or  ti/itipathUrd,  and  teh'ch  arit  * n* 
d\nuUtU\f  attocioted  with  kfr.  Hrr  memory  i«  to  me  a 
rcligion/iknd  ktr  approhatinn  ths  jifandard  htf  vhkk^ iunt^ 
msnf  Hft  a-f  >'^  doc4  ail  u>ortkmas,  I  endenwur  to  f'^ptlaU 
viy  iiftT 

With  this  pfunage  J.  S.  Mill  closed  the  first 
part  of  hi*  work  in  1861,  not  taking  it  up  agaia 
for  nine  years  :  and  we  may  therefore  regard  it  as 
a  ji^roration,  and  the  warmest  expression  of  his 
feelings.  I  have  italicized  the  most  striking 
clauses  in  the  quotation,  becaiu»e  they  would  be 
Eilmoat  aa  applicable  in  the  mouth  of  a  Christian 
sjicaking  of  Christ,  us  they  were  in  the  mouth  of 
Mill  speaking  of  Mn,  Taylor.  And  yet  this  man, 
whose  mind  is  amongst  the  keenest  this  century 
has  produced,  failed  to  perceive  that  he  had  fallen, 
into  thiit  position  which  he  atfected  to  despise. 
jUthongh  he  had  deliberately  iset  a^ide  the  adora- 
tion of  God,  yet,  being  a  man,  he  must  obtain 
some  objective  rule  of  Hfe  ;  and  this  he  fouml  in 
the  approbation  of  the  admirable  lady  whom  he 
m  irriea.  W«  H. 

Uittfield  Hatb  Durham. 

"  Afternoos  Tea." — In  a  Inte  number  of 
(%nnlter/i  Journal  (Nov.  20,  IS75)  it  is  asserted 
that  "afternoon  tea  is  a  product  of  advanced  civi^ 
lizjition  "  :  this  little  meal  being  generally  sup- 
po»«od  to  have  first  corae  into  vogue  during  the 
hist  decadfi  or  so.  Like  many  other  presumed 
novelties,  however,  it  is  merely  the  reviviU  of  a 
custom  of  the  last  century.  Dr.  Alexander  Car- 
lyle,  in  his  Avtohioffrnphy,  p.  43-1,  describing  the 
fashionable  mode  of  living  at  Harrogate,  in  1763, 
writf^s  :  — 

*' The  ladies  gave  iiftcmoon'i  tea  and  coffee  in  their 
turns,  which,  comlnsf  but  once  in  four  or  At©  weekj, 
jimoanted  to  a  tri^/' 

H.  A,  Kennedy. 

Junior  United  Service  Club. 

Thf,  SorTHEHsr  Crobs. — A  note  on  the  late 
Mr,  R.  S.  Hawker'H  Qtu^^st  of  Ike  Sangraa!^  p.  ^J2, 
informs  us  that  th**ro  ia  an  ancient  legend  to  the 
effect  that  the  star  which  guided  the  wise  men  to 
the  infant  Saviour  wiu*  not  a  singh"  «tar,  but  the 
five  stars  which  make  up  the  Southern  Cross. 
Thei*e  stars,  it  is  held,  were  miraculously  created 
on  that  occasion.  This  is  pretty  as  a  legend,  but 
I  gather  from  some  expressions  in  the  note  that 
some  persons  are  inclined  to  petrifjr  the  poetry 
thereof  into  a  phy&ical  fact.  Will  aome  one, 
learned  in  the  history  of  astronomy,  tell  us  when 
the  Southern  Cross  h  first  mentioned?  1  have  a 
strong  impression  that  we  have  records  of  it  far 
earlier  thaa  the  birth  of  our  Loni.  Glis. 



[5*^' S.  V.  Fkil  1», 

Electric  Telegraph  Invented  in  1787» — 
Arthur  Young  {T'rarrU  in  France^  &e.,  pp.  65-VS^, 
editions  1792-94)  sUtoa  tlmt  on  Oct.  15,  1787,  he 
saw  at  a  mechanician's,  M.  Lomond,  at  Paris,  ii 
room  with  a  c^lindric  electric  lauchini*  and  pith- 
ball  electrometer.  A  wire  connected  tiiis  appa- 
ratus with  Si  siiiaiLir  one  in  a  distant  apartment. 
Two  or  three  written  words  given  to  inonsieiir  ia 
the  first  room  caused  him  to  set  hia  electrometer 
in  motion,  which  made  the  other  one  to  correitpoiid 
theret^j.  In  this  second  room  madrtmc  read  the 
letters  (a,  d,  c)  from  the  pith-hall  motions  there. 
Thus  A.  Young  says  they  **  have  invented  an  alpha- 
bet of  motions  useful  for  besieged  cities'  communi- 
cating outside/'  &c.  But  Volta  sttbitd  cbunged 
motor,  though  not  the  principle. 

S.  M.  Drach. 

Upper  BBm&btiry  Street. 

Thk  Conjugal  State.— The  followino:  lioeH, 
Baid  to  be  on  a  tombstone  in  the  churchyard  at 
Croydon,  are  perhaps  worthy  of  a  corner  in  '*  N. 
&  Q/'  :- 

'*  They  vrtre  so  ane.  it  ncTer  coald  be  said 
WLicb  of  them  rul'dj  or  which  of  them  obey'd  ; 
He  rul'd  because  her  wish  was  to  obcj, 
And  she,  Ly  obejing*  ml'd  na  well  03  he : 
There  never  waa  between  them  a  dinputOt 
8ave  wliich  the  other^B  will  should  execute*" 

E.  H.  A. 

How  JItths  Arise. — A  few  weeks  ago  a  lady 
told  me  in  all  seriousness  that  the  Prince  of  Wides 
bad  bought  from  ^Ir.  Plimpton  his  patent  for 
roller  skates,  and  that  threepence  out  of  every 
sixpence  paid  at  the  rinka  for  the  use  of  skates 
went  to  the  Prince.  The  story  was  too  absurd  for 
me  to  give  it  a  moment's  credence,  and  I  could 
only  wonder  how  it  hud  found  its  way  into  people's 
mouths.  This  morning  (Dec.  IS),  however,  1  found 
a  very  probable  solution  of  the  difficulty  in  the 
advertisement  columns  of  the  iJaily  News,  for 
there,  in  an  advertisement  of  a  skating-rink  com- 
pany in  the  process  of  fonnation^  I  read  the  follow- 
ing :  — 

"  It  ii  iiiiendcd  to  uie  the  *  Plimpton  *  patent  skate, 
under  an  agreement  entered  into  vrith  Messrs.  Prince,  of 
Prince's  Club,  who  are  identified  with,  and  hold  an  intereat 
ia,  the  patent." 

The  name  "Prince"  had  graduaDy  and  uncon- 
aciously  been  turned  into  "  the  Prince  of  Wales"  ! 

F.  Chance. 
Sydenham  HLll. 

Satirical  Hkralduy.— The  folio wingr  piece  of 
satirical  hemldry  occurs  on  the  last  pge  of  Murch- 
mont  Needham's  Short  Bistmy  of  the  English 
B&hdlion^  cmnjdekd  in  Verse,  4to,,  1C61  :— 

"  The  Coiit  of  Arros  of  Sir  John  Preabytor,  He 
bearcth  parte  per  t>ale  indented,  God's  glory  and  hi» 
own  mter««t  :  over  all  pleaauro,  honour,  profit  counter- 
changed  :  eTHBigiitd  with  en  Helmet  of  Igjiomtjce,  upend 
with  coufi^deDcCj  befitting  bis  degree^     Mantled   with 

Gulei  9i>di  Tyranny^  doubled  with  Hy;K»cra«ie. 
wreath  of  Pride  and  CoTetousnea?*!.  For  ha 
a  Biniater  hand  boldiTig  up  a  Solemn  League  vai 
nnnt  reTerst  and  torn.  In  a  Scrolo  underneath! 
shieM  these  worda  for  hia  mcitto,  Aut  ho€  f»«f  A 

"  Tbia  Coat  of  Armour  is  durall'd  with  auotheft- 
piecc»,  akpiifying  thereby  hit  faur  matches. 

'*  The  nrat  is  of  the  Family  of  Amsterduin.  She